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Dialing Services Cited for Robocalls

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Released: March 15, 2013

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Federal Communications Commission

DA 13-265


Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, DC 20554

)
In the Matter of
)
)
File No.: EB-TCD-12-00001812
Dialing Services, LLC
)
)

CITATION AND ORDER

PRERECORDED MESSAGE VIOLATIONS

Adopted: March 15, 2013

Released: March 15, 2013

By the Chief, Telecommunications Consumers Division, Enforcement Bureau:

I.

INTRODUCTION

1.
This is an official

CITATION AND ORDER

(Citation), issued by the Federal
Communications Commission (Commission or FCC) pursuant to Section 503(b)(5) of the Communications
Act of 1934, as amended (Communications Act or Act), 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(5), for violations of the Act and
the Commission’s rules that govern telephone solicitations, prerecorded, and autodialed telephone calls.1
Specifically, Dialing Services, LLC (“Dialing Services” or “Company”) is being cited for violations of the
provisions of the Act and Commission’s rules that (1) prohibit making any calls to cell phones using
autodialers or artificial or prerecorded messages absent an emergency purpose or prior express consent2 and
(2) for calls that are otherwise permissible, require certain identification information to be present in
prerecorded messages.3
2.
Notice of Duty to Comply With Law: Dialing Services is hereby on notice that if it
subsequently engages in any conduct of the type described in this Citation, including any violation of Section
227 of the Act or Sections 64.1200 or 64.1601(e) of the Commission’s rules, it may be subject to further legal
action, including monetary fines (forfeitures).4 Such forfeitures may be based on both the conduct that led to
this Citation and the conduct following it.5

1See 47 U.S.C. § 227; 47 C.F.R. §§ 64.1200, 64.1601(e). Section 227 was added to the Communications Act by the
Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991, Pub. L. No. 102-243, 105 Stat. 2394 (codified at 47 U.S.C. § 227), and is
most commonly known as the TCPA. The TCPA and the Commission’s rules restrict a variety of practices that are
associated with telephone solicitation and the use of the telephone network to deliver unsolicited advertisements or
prerecorded and autodialed telephone calls.
2 See 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(a)(1)(iii).
3 See 47 U.S.C. § 227(d)(3)(A); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(b).
4 This Citation is being issued to the company named above and includes all other entity names through which it does
business, as well as its owners, principals, and officers. Accordingly, all references in this Citation to Dialing Services,

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3.
Response Required: Pursuant to Sections 4(i), (j), and 403 of the Communications Act,6 we
also direct the Company to confirm within fifteen (15) calendar days after the release date of this Citation
that it has (1) ceased making calls to cell phones using autodialers or artificial or prerecorded messages and
(2) ceased making any prerecorded message calls (to cell phones or otherwise) without the identification
information required in the Act and Commission’s rules.

II.

BACKGROUND

4.
The Company offers a service—commonly referred to as “robocalling”—whereby clients
use the Company to make artificial or prerecorded voice calls to telephone numbers of the clients’ choosing.7
The Company markets its services under various brand names on the Internet. Clients may use the
Company’s website to upload sound recordings (i.e., prerecorded messages) to the Company’s servers.8
Alternatively, clients may create prerecorded messages by dialing one of the Company’s phone numbers and
recording a message over the phone.9 For a fee, the Company will then make calls using the prerecorded
messages to a list of telephone numbers that its clients provide the Company, via the Company’s autodialing
equipment.10 The Company notes that it is able to make millions of autodialed calls for its clients.11 The
Company’s clients include commercial entities (such as multi-level marketers, carpet cleaners and mortgage
brokers, among others), non-profit organizations (such as churches, schools, and political action committees),
and political campaigns supporting candidates for public office.12

Company, or you also include all names through which the company does business, and its owners, principals, and
officers.
5 See 47 U.S.C § 503(b)(5). See also S. Rep. No. 95-580, 95th Cong., 1st Sess. at 9 (1977) (if a person or entity that has
been issued a citation by the Commission thereafter engages in the conduct for which the citation of violation was sent,
the subsequent notice of apparent liability “would attach not only for the conduct occurring subsequently but also for
the conduct for which the citation was originally sent
.” (emphasis added)).
6 47 U.S.C. §§ 154(i), (j), 403.
7 See Dialing Services Order Form, http://www.politicaller.com/ORDER%20FORM.pdf (last visited Feb. 13, 2013)
(“Dialing Services, LLC will dial the phone numbers provided by Customer and play the recorded message provided by
Customer to live answered calls and/or answer machines as indicated by Customer on this order form”).
8 See Dialing Services Website, Uploading Message, https://www.dialingservices.com/MessagesUpload.aspx (last
visited Feb. 13, 2013); see also Letter from Mitchell Roth, Roth Doner Jackson, PLC, to Richard Hindman, Chief,
Telecommunications Consumers Division, FCC Enforcement Bureau (Jun. 13, 2012) at 5–8 (on file in
EB-TCD-12-00001812) (Dialing Services June 13 Response).
9 See Dialing Services Website, Upload Message, https://www.dialingservices.com/MessagesRecord.aspx (last visited
Feb. 13, 2013); see also Dialing Services June 13 Response at 7.
10 See generally Premier Calling Website, Premiere Dialing Services LLC, http://www.premiercalling.com (last visited
Feb. 13, 2013); In Touch Systems Website, Products – In Touch, http://www.gointouch.com/products.html (last visited
Feb. 13, 2013); GOTV Calls Website, Pricing, http://gotvcalls.com/pricing.aspx (last visited Feb. 13, 2013).
11 See In Touch Systems Website, Products – In Touch, http://www.gointouch.com/products.html (last visited Feb. 13,
2013) (“Reach thousands, hundreds of thousands or even millions of customers with your personal message”).
12 See id. (“Find prospective customers for any kind of product or service. Whether it's Mortgage Refinance, [Multi-
Level Marketing], Carpet Cleaning or Political ‘Get-Out-The-Vote’, [Company] is your answer”); see also Premier
Calling Website, Premiere Dialing Services LLC, http://www.premiercalling.com/ (last visited Feb. 13, 2013)
(“[Company] is the industry leader in providing automated calling, voice broadcasting, and robo calling solutions for all
2

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DA 13-265


5.
On May 4, 2012, the Telecommunications Consumers Division (TCD) of the FCC’s
Enforcement Bureau sent the Company a letter of inquiry (LOI), directing the Company to, among other
things, provide (1) a list of the telephone numbers that the Company called in November 2011, January 2012
and April 2012 using prerecorded messages; (2) a list of the dates and times when the Company made the
calls using the prerecorded messages; and (3) sound files of the delivered prerecorded messages.13 On June
13, 2012, the Company filed a response to the LOI.14 The Company’s response included the requested
information for the months of November 2011, January 2012, and April 2012, as well as spreadsheets
indicating the dates and times that the Company made calls and the phone numbers that Dialing Services
called during those months.15

III.

APPLICABLE LAW AND VIOLATIONS

A.

Prohibitions Against Prerecorded Voice Messages and Autodialed Calls To Cell Phones

6.
Under Section 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the Communications Act and Section 64.1200(a)(1)(iii) of
the Commission’s rules, prerecorded voice messages and autodialed calls (including autodialed live calls,
prerecorded or artificial voice messages, and autodialed text messages) to cell phones and other mobile
services, such as paging systems, are generally prohibited. Specifically, Section 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the Act
states that it is unlawful “for any person . . . to make any call . . . using any automatic telephone dialing
system or an artificial or prerecorded voice . . . to any telephone number assigned to a paging service, cellular
telephone service, specialized mobile radio service, or other radio common carrier service, or any service for
which the called party is charged for the call.”16 Section 64.1200(a)(1)(iii) of the Commission’s rules states
that it is unlawful “to initiate any call . . . using any automatic telephone dialing system or an artificial or
prerecorded voice . . . to any telephone number assigned to a paging service, cellular telephone service,
specialized mobile radio service, or other radio common carrier service, or any service for which the called
party is charged for the call.”17
7.
The prohibitions in the Act and the FCC rules are subject to only two exceptions: (1) calls
made for emergency purposes; and (2) calls made with the prior express consent of the called party.18 These
broad prohibitions cover all prerecorded voice and autodialed calls, including political calls and calls made
by or on behalf of nonprofit organizations. Callers contending that they have the prior express consent to

types of business and organizations. [. . .] Thousands of business [sic] and organizations have used voice broadcasting
services from [Company] to send automated calls and pre-recorded messages. Some include AAA, He[r]balife, Planet
Hollywood Resort and Casino, The Robert O. Anderson School of Management, marketing research firms, political
candidates and elected officials, and numerous mortgage brokers”).
13 See Letter from Richard Hindman, Chief, Telecommunications Consumers Division, FCC Enforcement Bureau, to
Anthony C. Kolker, President, Dialing Services, LLC (May 4, 2012) (on file in EB-TCD-12-00001812).
14 See Dialing Services June 13 Response.
15 See id.
16 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii).
17 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(a)(1)(iii).
18 See 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(a)(1)(iii).
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make prerecorded voice or autodialed calls to cell phones or other mobile service numbers have the burden
of proof to show that they obtained such consent.19
8.
In addition, Section 227(d)(3)(A) of the Communications Act and Section 64.1200(b) of the
Commission’s rules require that all otherwise permissible prerecorded messages must include certain
information to identify the party responsible for the message. In particular, all permissible prerecorded
messages must state clearly at the beginning of the message the identity of the business, individual, or other
entity that is responsible for the call.20 If a business or other corporate entity is responsible for the call, the
prerecorded voice message must contain that entity’s official business name (the name registered with a state
corporation commission or other regulatory authority).21 In addition, the telephone number22 of such
business, individual, or other entity must be provided either during or after the prerecorded voice message.23

B.

Dialing Services’ Automatic Telephone Dialing System Made Numerous Prerecorded
Message Calls to Cell Phones In Violation of Federal Law

9.
Prerecorded Voice Messages and Autodialed Calls to Cell Phones. TCD staff compared lists
of the thousands of phone numbers to which the Company made autodialed or prerecorded message calls24 to
an industry-standard, commercially available database of known assigned and ported wireless numbers to
determine whether the Company made such calls to wireless telephones.25 From that analysis, TCD staff
determined that the Company made more than 4.7 million autodialed or prerecorded message calls to cell
phones, in violation of Section 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the Act and Section 64.1200(a)(1)(iii) of the
Commission’s rules.26

19 See, e.g., Rules and Regulations Implementing the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991, Declaratory Ruling,
23 FCC Rcd 559, 565, para. 10 (2008) (concluding that “[s]hould a question arise as to whether express consent was
provided, the burden will be on [the caller] to show it obtained the necessary prior express consent”).
20 47 U.S.C. § 227(d)(3)(A)(i); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(b)(1).
21 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(b)(1).
22 Any telephone number so provided may not be for (1) the autodialer or prerecorded message player that placed the
call, (2) a 900 number, or (3) any other number for which charges exceed local or long distance transmission charges. 47
C.F.R. § 64.1200(b)(2).
23 47 U.S.C. § 227(d)(3)(A)(ii); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(b)(2).
24 It appears that Dialing Services makes calls using automatic telephone dialing systems or an artificial or prerecorded
voice. See Dialing Services Order Form, http://www.politicaller.com/ORDER%20FORM.pdf (last visited Feb. 13,
2013) (“Dialing Services, LLC will dial the phone numbers provided by Customer and play the recorded message
provided by Customer to live answered calls and/or answer machines as indicated by Customer on this order form”); In
Touch Systems Website, Services, http://gointouch.com/services.html (last visited Feb. 13, 2013) (“Let us make your
calls for you”).
25 See Interactive Marketing Solutions, Inc. Website, http://www.ims-dm.com/index.shtml (last visited Feb. 13, 2013).
Interactive Marketing Solutions, Inc. is a member of the Direct Marketing Association and bills itself as “the country’s
largest single-source supplier” of data identifying telephone numbers that have been assigned or ported to wireless
devices, “to help businesses comply with state and federal legislation.” Id.
26 By making calls, Dialing Services necessarily “initiates” calls for the purposes of Section 64.1200(a)(1)(iii) of the
Commission’s rules.
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10.
As explained above, it is unlawful to make any call using any automatic telephone dialing
system or prerecorded voice to a cell phone with only two exceptions: (1) calls made for emergency
purposes; or (2) calls made with the express prior consent of the called party.27 TCD staff reviewed over 100
sound files provided by Dialing Services.28 The majority of the prerecorded message calls made by the
Company were for the purpose of either seeking a vote for a political candidate or endorsing a political
candidate for office. None of the recordings provided by the Company in response to the LOI indicated that
such calls were made for an emergency purpose.29 Therefore, we conclude that the calls made to cell phones
by Dialing Services were not made for an emergency purpose. Similarly, the Company did not provide
evidence of prior express consent for these messages. Therefore, we conclude that the calls the Company
made to cell phones were not made with the prior express consent of the recipients.30
11.
Independently, TCD staff randomly chose 10 cell phone numbers that Dialing Services
called with a prerecorded message in April of 2012 and spoke with the call recipient. A chart of the
identified cell phone numbers and the dates and times that Dialing Services made autodialed calls and
delivered prerecorded messages to the recipients is attached at Attachment A. Without exception, each and
every recipient denied giving anyone permission to make autodialed calls or prerecorded messages to their
respective cell phones at any time. 31 In fact, several of the callers expressed significant frustration and anger
at receiving autodialed and/or prerecorded message calls on their cell phones. One recipient, when asked
whether he had given permission to receive such calls, remarked that the answer was “[n]ot only ‘no’, but
HELL no.”32 This further shows that Dialing Services did not have the prior express consent of these called
parties to make an autodialed, prerecorded call to their mobile phones.
12.
Failure to Include Identifications. Based on staff review of the prerecorded messages
provided by the Company in response to the LOI, TCD determined that 100 of the messages either did not
identify the caller at the beginning of the message, or failed to include a contact telephone number, as
required by the Act and the Commission’s rules.33
13.
Finding of Violation. Based on the record developed in this case, the Enforcement Bureau,
acting through its delegated authority, finds that Dialing Services, LLC, made one or more calls with

27 See Section III.A., above.
28 The number of sound files produced by the Company in response to the LOI was a small percentage of the thousands
of prerecorded messages that the Company indicated it delivered to the recipients of the autodialed calls that it made.
The Company stated that its clients generally recorded their own sound files, and that those files may be deleted by
either the Company or its clients. See Letter from Mitchell Roth, Roth Doner Jackson, PLC, to Richard Hindman, Chief,
Telecommunications Consumers Division, FCC Enforcement Bureau (Jun. 13, 2012) (on file in EB-TCD-12-00001812)
at 7.
29 See 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(f)(4) (“emergency purposes means calls made necessary in any situation affecting the health
and safety of consumers”).
30 See note 17, above.
31 See Affidavit of Kristi Thompson, Deputy Chief, Telecommunications Consumers Division, FCC Enforcement
Bureau (Oct. 12, 2012) (on file in EB-TCD-12-00001812).
32 See id. at 2 (emphasis in original).
33 47 U.S.C. § 227(d)(3)(A); 47 C.F.R. § 64.1200(b).
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prerecorded messages in violation of Section 227 of the Communications Act, and Section 64.1200 of the
Commission’s related rules.

IV.

RESPONDING TO THIS CITATION

14.
Dialing Services may respond to this Citation within thirty (30) days from the release date of
this Citation either through (1) a written statement, (2) a teleconference interview with the Commission’s
Telecommunications Consumers Division in Washington, DC, or (3) a personal interview at the Commission
Field Office nearest to its place of business. Dialing Service's response should specify the actions that the
company is taking to ensure that it does not violate the Communications Act or the Commission’s rules
governing TCPA violations, as described herein.
15.
If you would like to arrange a teleconference or personal interview, please contact Lloyd
Collier at (202) 418-2712. Such teleconference or interview must take place within thirty (30) days of the
date of this Citation. If you would like to submit a written response, including any supporting
documentation, you must send the response within thirty (30) days of the date of this Citation to the
address below.
Richard A. Hindman, Chief
Telecommunications Consumers Division
Enforcement Bureau
Federal Communications Commission
445 12th Street, SW, Rm. 4-C224
Washington, DC 20554

Reference EB-TCD-12-00001812 when corresponding with the Commission.

16.
Reasonable accommodations for people with disabilities are available upon request. Include
a description of the accommodation you will need including as much detail as you can. Also include a way
we can contact you if we need more information. Please allow at least five (5) business days advance notice;
last minute requests will be accepted, but may be impossible to fill. Send an e-mail to fcc504@fcc.gov or
call the Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau:

For sign language interpreters, CART, and other reasonable accommodations: 202-418-0530
(voice), 202-418-0432 (tty);

For accessible format materials (braille, large print, electronic files, and audio format): 202-
418-0531 (voice), 202-418-7365 (tty).

V.

FUTURE VIOLATIONS

17.
If, after receipt of this Citation, Dialing Services again violates Section 227 of the Act,
Sections 64.1200, or 64.1601(e) of the Commission’s rules in any manner, or violates Section 1.17 of our
rules (discussed below) when responding to this Citation, the Commission may impose monetary forfeitures
not to exceed $16,000 for each such violation.34 As discussed above, such forfeitures may be based on both

34 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D). Section 503(b)(2)(D) provides for forfeitures of up to $10,000 for each violation in cases,
as in the instant case, where the violation does not involve a Commission licensee or common carriers, among others.
See 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D). In accordance with the inflation adjustment requirements contained in the Debt
Collection Improvement Act of 1996, Pub. L. No. 104-134, Sec. 31001, 110 Stat. 1321, the Commission implemented
an increase of the maximum statutory forfeiture under section 503(b)(2)(D) to $16,000. See 47 C.F.R. §1.80(b). See
6

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the conduct that led to the Citation and the conduct following it.35 In this case, there were approximately 4.7
million violations that occurred in the three month period of call records reviewed by TCD staff. A
subsequent forfeiture action based on just the first three hundred (300) of those violations, calculated at the
statutory maximum of $16,000 per violation, would result in a potential forfeiture of four million, eight
hundred thousand dollars ($4,800,000) against the Company.
18.
If the Company chooses to respond to this Citation, be advised that it is a violation of
Section 1.17 of the Commission’s rules (47 C.F.R. § 1.17) for any person or a staff member of that person to
make any false or misleading written or oral statement of fact. Specifically, no person shall:
In any written or oral statement of fact, intentionally provide material factual information
that is incorrect or intentionally omit material information that is necessary to prevent any
material factual statement that is made from being incorrect or misleading; and
In any written statement of fact, provide material factual information that is incorrect or
omit material information that is necessary to prevent any material factual statement that
is made from being incorrect or misleading without a reasonable basis for believing that
any such material factual statement is correct and not misleading.36
19.
Further, the knowing and willful making of any false statement, or the concealment of any
material fact, in reply to this Citation is punishable by fine or imprisonment under 18 U.S.C. § 1001.
20.
If Dialing Services violates Section 1.17 of the Commission’s rules or the criminal statute
referenced above, Dialing Services may be subject to further legal action, including monetary fines pursuant
to Section 503 of the Communications Act.
21.
Under the Privacy Act of 1974, 5 U.S.C. § 552a(e)(3), we are informing you that the
Commission’s staff will use all relevant material information before it, including information that you
disclose in your interview or written statement, to determine what, if any, enforcement action is required to
ensure your compliance with the Communications Act and the Commission’s rules.

VI.

REQUEST FOR INFORMATION

22.
Pursuant to Sections 4(i), 4(j), and 403 of the Communications Act,37 Dialing Services is
directed to confirm within fifteen (15) calendar days after the release date of this Citation that the Company
has (1) ceased making any calls to cell phones using autodialers or artificial or prerecorded messages (except
as permitted by section 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the Act and section 64.1200(a)(1)(iii).of the Commission’s rules),
and (2) ceased making any prerecorded message calls without the identification information required in the

also Amendment of Section 1.80(b) of the Commission’s Rules, Adjustment of Forfeiture Maxima to Reflect Inflation, 23
FCC Rcd 9845 (2008) (amendment of section 1.80(b) to reflect inflation increased the forfeiture maximum for this type
of violator to $16,000).
35 See note 5, above.
36 47 C.F.R. § 1.17.
37 47 U.S.C. §§ 154(i), (j), 403.
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Act and Commission’s rules. Failure to respond to the request for information, or an inadequate, incomplete,
or misleading response, may subject the Company to additional sanctions.38

VII.

ORDERING CLAUSES

23.

IT IS ORDERED

that pursuant to Sections 4(i), 4(j), and 403 of the Communications Act,
Dialing Services, LLC must provide the information requested in paragraphs 3 and 22. The response to the
request for information must be provided in the manner indicated herein and must be received by the FCC
within fifteen (15) calendar days after the release date of this Citation and Order.
24.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED

that a copy of this Citation and Order shall be sent by First
Class U.S. Mail and Certified Mail, return receipt requested, to: Dialing Services, LLC, Attn: Anthony C.
Kolker, President, 5149 Cotton RD, Roswell, NM 88201; and to Mitchell N. Roth, Esquire, Roth Doner
Jackson, PLC, 8200 Greensboro Drive, Suite 820, McLean, Virginia 22102.

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

Richard A. Hindman, Chief
Telecommunications Consumers Division
Enforcement Bureau

38 See, e.g., SBC Communications, Inc., Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, Forfeiture Order, 17 FCC Rcd 7589 (2002)
($100,000 forfeiture for refusing to attest to truthfulness and accuracy of responses to a Bureau letter of inquiry);
Connect Paging, Inc. d/b/a Get A Phone, Forfeiture Order, 22 FCC Rcd 15146 (Enf. Bur. 2007) ($4,000 forfeiture for
failure to respond to a Bureau letter of inquiry); BigZoo.Com Corporation, Order of Forfeiture, 20 FCC Rcd 3954 (Enf.
Bur. 2005) ($20,000 forfeiture for failure to respond to an LOI); Donald W. Kaminski, Jr., Forfeiture Order, 18 FCC Rcd
26065 (Enf. Bur. 2003) ($4,000 forfeiture for failure to respond to a Bureau letter of inquiry).
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Attachment A

Dialing Services

Prerecorded message calls made to wireless telephones without subscriber consent1

Date and Time of Call2

Wireless Phone Number Dialed

Prerecorded Message

4/4/2012 8:29
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 7:29
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:53
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:34
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:57
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:37
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:56
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:48
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:31
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
4/4/2012 9:42
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

1 See Affidavit of Kristi Thompson, Deputy Chief, Telecommunications Consumers Division, FCC Enforcement
Bureau (Oct. 12, 2012) (on file in EB-TCD-12-00001812).
2 See Dialing Services June 13 Response, Excel spreadsheet attachment, [REDACTED]. The entry information
listed in this Attachment A appear on the call detail records produced by Dialing Services in response to the
Bureau’s May 4, 2012, LOI.
9

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