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FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services.

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Released: October 16, 2014
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Internet Access Services:

Status as of December 31, 2013

Industry Analysis and Technology Division

Wireline Competition Bureau

October 2014

This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th

Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445

12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at

www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical

Reports Internet site at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats">www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.

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Table of Contents

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1

Figure 1 Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2010-2013 ........................... 2

Figure 2 Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of December 31, 2013 ........................................................................................... 3

Connection speeds in detail .................................................................................................................. 4

Figure 3(a) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed ..................... 5

Figure 3(b) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed .......................... 6

Figure 4(a) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed................... 7

Figure 4(b) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed ....................... 8

Providers by census tract by connection speed .................................................................................. 9

Figure 5(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds ......................... 9

Figure 5(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service

of Various Speeds .................................................................................................... 10

Internet access adoption. .................................................................................................................... 11

Figure 6 Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2013 ................................................................. 11

Other report highlights ....................................................................................................................... 12

Residential subscribership .............................................................................................................. 12

Household adoption of faster speeds .............................................................................................. 13

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections .................................. 13

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics ......................................................... 13

Maps of providers by census tract .................................................................................................. 13

Remainder of the report ..................................................................................................................... 14

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation ........................................................................................ 15

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States ......................................................................................... 33

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ........................................................... 49

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures .................................................................. 65

Technical Notes ................................................................................................................................... 79

Glossary ............................................................................................................................................... 81

U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 i

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Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013

Introduction. This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits

per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on December 31, 2013, as

collected by FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet

access services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa,

Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by

telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service

providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1 This is the

eleventh report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and counties, as

well as subscribership differences among the states.2

Notable developments between December 2012 and December 2013 include:

Internet connections overall are growing. The number of connections over 200 kbps in at least

one direction increased by 12% year-over-year to 293 million.

In December 2013, there were 78 million fixed and 133 million mobile connections with

download speeds at or above 3 megabits per second (Mbps) and upload speeds at or above 768

kbps as compared to 65 million fixed and 65 million mobile connections a year earlier. Figure 1

illustrates the trend in connections speeds from December 2010 through December 2013, and

Figure 2 presents a side-by-side comparison of fixed and mobile connection speeds in December

2013.3

1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about

the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.

Readers should note two key aspects of the Form 477 data. First, if service connections of different speeds are

available to a particular consumer for purchase – from one or more suppliers – then only the purchased connection

is counted by Form 477. Second, the reported connection speed is typically the advertised speed of the purchased

service, and it is possible that the purchased service will not operate at its advertised speed at all times. The

Commission has sponsored tests of actual consumer broadband speeds. See, e.g., Federal Communications

Commission, Office of Engineering and Technology and Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, 2014

Measuring Broadband America Fixed Broadband Report (June 2014), available athttp://www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america"> www.fcc.gov/measuring-

http://www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america">broadband-america.

2 Census tract-level data were first collected for December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-

Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of December 31, 2008 (February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed

Report) at pp. 1-4, available athttp://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/high-speed-services-internet-access-reports"> http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/high-speed-services-internet-access-reports.

Readers who are interested in historical trends in the Form 477 data should note the changes in reporting

requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.

3 Reporting entities place connections into speed tiers defined by predetermined ranges of upload and download

speeds. Note that the Commission has decided to implement a different approach starting with data as of June 30,

2014. For each fixed product subscribed to in a census tract, the provider will report connections by the maximum

advertised upload and download speeds of the product in that census tract. For each mobile product subscribed to in

a state, the provider will report connections by the minimum advertised upload and download speeds of the product

in that state. As the Commission explained, while the maximum advertised speed is a reasonably reliable indicator

of the speed of fixed service that subscribers receive, a wireless service provider’s targeted minimum data speed in a

market typically is a primary driver of the wireless network design that determines the market coverage boundaries.

See Modernizing the FCC Form 477 Data Program, WC Docket No. 11-10, Report and Order, 28 FCC Rcd 9887,

9908-09, 9915, paras. 42 n.138, 62 (2013) (June 2013 Form 477 Modernization Order).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 1

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Figure 1

Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2010-2013*

300

293.4

284.7

51.7

43.9

262.6

40.7

243.4

230.2

36.8

24.8

26.4

34.3

24.0

206.1

25.3

17.9

200

29.6

20.5

16.8

27.9

68.0

182.1

52.3

26.0

32.7

19.0

37.2

31.6

18.7

38.0

18.7

14.2

39.8

24.3

33.1

44.1

16.7

65.0

11.9

111.0

110.4

100

103.3

105.3

94.3

87.1

64.3

0

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

2013

2013

Fixed >= 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps

Fixed between 3 Mbps/768 kbps & 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps

Fixed < 3 Mbps/768 kbps

Mobile >= 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps

Mobile between 3 Mbps/768 kbps & 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps

Mobile < 3 Mbps/768 kbps

* Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals elsewhere in this report due to rounding.

Connections include both residential and business connections. In December 2013, total connections were reported as 30%

residential fixed connections, 3% business fixed connections, 54% mobile connections to non-business subscribers, and 13%

mobile connections to business subscribers.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 2

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Figure 2

Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of December 31, 2013

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 3

image06-00.jpg612x792

The number of connections with downstream speeds of at least 10 Mbps increased by 104% over

December 2012, to 122 million connections,4 including 64 million fixed connections and 58

million mobile connections.

Growth is particularly high in mobile Internet subscriptions. The number of mobile subscriptions

with speeds over 200 kbps in at least one direction grew to 197 million – up 16% from December

2012. The number of fixed-location connections at speeds over 200 kbps in at least one direction

increased by 4% year-over-year to 96 million.

Connection speeds in detail. The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed

tiers defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview

discussion, we organize the extensive information collected for December 2013 into three groups of

downstream speeds and three groups of upstream speeds. We do this separately for fixed-location

connections and for mobile connections. As in previous reports, we use the Form 477 speed tier

breakpoints of 3 Mbps and 6 Mbps to organize the information about downstream speeds, and we use the

Form 477 speed tier breakpoints of 768 kbps and 1.5 Mbps to organize the information about upstream

speeds.5

Fixed connections – downstream speeds. Figure 3(a) illustrates how the 96 million fixed

connections reported for December 2013 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream speed

defined by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.

4 Compare Table 10 of this report with Table 10 of Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012

(December 2013), available at http://www.fcc.gov/reports/internet-access-services-reports"> http://www.fcc.gov/reports/internet-access-services-reports,

5 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of fixed connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 2, at p. 19, and

our narrative discussion of the speeds of mobile connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 5, at p. 22.

The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download

Internet content at 4 Mbps and to upload Internet content at 1 Mbps over the service provider’s network. That

benchmark does not exactly match any Form 477 speed tier, and the Commission decided to evaluate the evidence

of broadband availability using the Form 477-defined breakpoints of 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream to

proxy the speed benchmark of 4 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment

of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible

Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by

the Broadband Data Improvement Act, GN Docket Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, 9568,

paras. 11, 20 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 4

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Figure 3(a)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (96.0 million) by

Downstream Speed as of December 31, 2013

10.4%

14.3%

75.3%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps (10.0 million)

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps (13.7 million)

>= 6 Mbps (72.3 million)

In December 2013, 10% of reportable fixed connections (or 10 million connections) were slower

than 3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 14% (or 13.7 million connections) were at least 3 Mbps

in the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 75% (or 72.3 million connections) were

at least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.6

Fixed connections – upstream speeds. Figure 3(b) illustrates how the 96 million fixed

connections reported for December 2013 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream speed

defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.

6 See Chart 2, at p. 19.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 5

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Figure 3(b)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (96.0 million) by

Upstream Speed as of December 31, 2013

54.9%

15.9%

29.2%

Upstream Speed

< 768 kbps (15.2 million)

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps (28.1 million)

>= 1.5 Mbps (52.7 million)

In December 2013, 16% of reportable fixed connections (or 15.2 million connections) were

slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 29% (or 28.1 million connections) were at least

768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 55% (or 52.7 million

connections) were at least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.7

7 Ibid.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 6

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Mobile connections – downstream speeds. Figure 4(a) illustrates how the 197 million mobile

connections reported for December 2013 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream speed

defined by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.

Figure 4(a)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (197.4 million) by

Downstream Speed as of December 31, 2013

42.3%

29.8%

27.9%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps (58.8 million)

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps (55.1 million)

>= 6 Mbps (83.4 million)

In December 2013, 30% of reportable mobile connections (or 58.8 million connections) were

slower than 3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 28% (or 55.1 million connections) were at least

3 Mbps in the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 42% (or 83.4 million

connections) were at least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.8

Mobile connections – upstream speeds. Figure 4(b) illustrates how the 197 million mobile

connections reported for December 2013 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream speed

defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.

8 See Chart 5, at p. 22.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 7

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Figure 4(b)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (197.4 million) by

Upstream Speed as of December 31, 2013

58.7%

25.3%

16.0%

Upstream Speed

< 768 kbps (49.9 million)

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps (31.6 million)

>= 1.5 Mbps (115.9 million)

In December 2013, about 25% of reportable mobile connections (or 49.9 million connections)

were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 16% (or 31.6 million connections) were at

least 768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 59% (or 115.9 million

connections) were at least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.9

9 Ibid.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 8

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Providers by census tract by connection speed. In Figure 5(a), we estimate the percentages of

households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers reported residential

fixed-location connections of several different speeds in December 2013. In doing so, however, we

emphasize that a provider that reports residential fixed-location connections of a particular speed in a

particular census tract may not necessarily offer service at that speed everywhere in the census tract.

Accordingly, the number of providers shown in Figure 5(a) does not necessarily reflect the number of

choices available to a particular household, and does not purport to measure competition. We note that

the Commission has adopted changes to Form 477 that will enable a more precise analysis in future.10

Figure 5(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2013

100

88

86

66

65

90

80

70

60

50

40

29

29

30

20

13

10

12

5

5

0

At least 3 Mbps

At least 3 Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

At least 10 Mbps

downstream and over

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

200 kbps upstream

768 kbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

0 Providers

1 Provider

2 Providers

3+ Providers

Column figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

10 The Commission is adding deployment information to Form 477 starting with data as of June 30, 2014, and the

information about fixed broadband deployment will be reported by census block. (There are approximately 11

million census blocks and approximately 74,000 census tracts, although not all contain households.) See June 2013

Form 477 Modernization Order, 28 FCC Rcd at 9902-05, paras. 32-35.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 9

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In Figure 5(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported

purchased residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or reported operating a mobile

wireless network capable of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds. Again, we emphasize that

such providers may not necessarily offer services at those speeds everywhere in the census tract, and that

these data do not necessarily reflect competition.

Figure 5(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2013

100

100

100

95

93

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

5

4

0

At least 3 Mbps

At least 3 Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

At least 10 Mbps

downstream and over

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

200 kbps upstream

768 kbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

0 Providers

1 Provider

2 Providers

3+ Providers

Column figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 10

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Internet access adoption. The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data

about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one

direction for more than a decade. Figure 6 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access

connections (that is, all reportable connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction except mobile

wireless connections) since 1999.11

Figure 6

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

100,000

100

90,000

90

80,000

80

70,000

70

60,000

60

50,000

50

40,000

40

30,000

30

20,000

20

10,000

10

0

0

Residential Fixed Connections (left axis)

Total Fixed Connections (left axis)

Residential Fixed Connections per 100 Households (right axis)

Total Fixed Connections per 100 Population (right axis)

Between December 2003 and December 2013, total (business and residential) reportable fixed-

location connections grew from 28 million connections to 96 million connections – at a

compound annual growth rate of 13% per year.12

11 For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 connections in a state were required to

report. Historical fixed-location connection counts not included in this report may be found in June 2008 High-

Speed Report at Tables 1 and 3, available in Excel format at http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/high-speed-services-internet-access-reports">http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/high-speed-services-

http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/high-speed-services-internet-access-reports">internet-access-reports.

12 The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a smoothed rate of growth calculated in three steps. First, divide

the ending (December 2013) value by the beginning (December 2003) value. Second, raise the result of that

division to a power equal to one divided by the number of years in the period (in this case, 10 years, so the power is

1/10). Third, subtract the number one from the result of the second step.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 11

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Over the same ten-year period, residential fixed-location connections grew from 26 million

connections to 88 million connections – also at a compound annual growth rate of 13% per year.

As we reported previously, between June 2003 and June 2013, household adoption – which we

track in Figure 6 by comparing the number of residential fixed-location connections over 200

kbps in at least one direction to the number of households – increased from 18 connections per

100 households to 69 connections per 100 households.13

Other report highlights.

Residential subscribership

Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction

increased by 4% between December 2012 and December 2013, to 88 million. See Table 3.

Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for

full Internet access increased by 21%, to 159 million, between December 2012 and December

2013. See Table 3.

The reported data show a 28% annual increase in the number of residential fixed-location

connections that are at least 6 Mbps downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 38.1 million in

December 2012 to 48.6 million in December 2013) and a 27% annual increase in the number of

connections that are at least 10 Mbps downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 38 million in

December 2012 to 48.3 million in December 2013).14 See Chart 12.

13 See Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2013 (June 2014) at p. 12, available at

http://www.fcc.gov/reports/internet-access-services-reports">http://www.fcc.gov/reports/internet-access-services-reports, We calculated residential fixed connections per 100

households using, in the denominator, U.S. household estimates from the Census Bureau’s Current Population

Survey (CPS) for July of each year and, for Puerto Rico and the other inhabited island areas, Census 2010

households for 2010 and later years and Census 2000 households for the earlier years. (The CPS also estimates U.S.

households for March and November of each year.) Ratios calculated for different dates or by using alternative

household estimates will differ somewhat from the ratios reported in Figure 6.

We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in

Figure 6, which we calculated using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto Rico

– which are as of July 1 each year – and, for the remaining inhabited island areas, Census 2010 population for 2010

and later years and Census 2000 population for the earlier years. This statistic, which is routinely reported by the

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), incorporates connections to business locations

into a comparison to persons. A more accurately measured indicator of this type would include only connections to

residential locations, but OECD does not have comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections

in the member countries. (We note that the ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to

population has a maximum value for any given country and point in time – the value when every household is

connected – if we assume that no household would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the

United States in June 2013, for example, the maximum value would be 39 because there were about 125 million

households in the United States and inhabited insular areas and a population of about 320 million according to the

sources used for Figure 6.)

14 These increases are largely due to a change in upstream-speed reporting by a single aDSL services provider.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 12

image15-00.jpg612x792

Household adoption of faster speeds

As a national average in December 2013, there were 60 residential fixed-location connections per

100 households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 Mbps downstream

and 768 kbps upstream.15 See Table 13.

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200

kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of December 31, 2013.

We continue to observe substantial variation among these estimates. See Charts 15 and 16.

For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of

households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. While this is likely to

occur more frequently in areas where the number of housing units is substantially greater than the

number of households, such as resort areas and beach communities, these results suggest that

some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal

evidence supports that conclusion.16

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics

The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or

adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household

density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are

correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract: (1) providers of

total (combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of

residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location

connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making

reportable mobile wireless service available.17

15 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing

shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the “take rate” of offered service

(which may also be called an “adoption rate”) because, as discussed in connection with Figure 5(a), some

households may be located in areas where no fixed-location service is offered. These methodological differences

are discussed in greater detail in Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability

to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant

to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act, GN

Docket No.11-121, Eighth Broadband Progress Report, 27 FCC Rcd 10342, 10386, para. 94 (2012).

16 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find

situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.

17 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census

tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 13

image16-00.jpg612x792

Remainder of the report. The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight

different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,

as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report

are available online at file:/fccnet/data/Bureaus-Offices/WCB/IATD/Reports/Internet_access/June11data/www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-12 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:

number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of

providers.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 13-21 present comparable information for the

individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different

speeds.

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 22-26

present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes

with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected

households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the

correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic

measures.

* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached

customer response form or sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: December 2013

Internet services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data

collection.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 14

image17-00.jpg612x792

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation

Contents of this section

Number of connections

Table 1 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013 .................................... 17

Table 2 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2009-2013 .............. 17

Table 3 Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013 ................. 17

Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps

Upstream 2009-2013 ......................................................................................................... 17

Speed of connections

Chart 1 Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of

December 31, 2013 ............................................................................................................ 18

Chart 2 Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................................... 19

Chart 3 Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................................... 20

Chart 4 Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................... 21

Chart 5 Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................... 22

Technology of connections

Table 5 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2009-2013 ........... 23

Chart 6 Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013 ..................................................... 23

Table 6

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology

2009-2013 .......................................................................................................................... 24

Chart 7 Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013 .................................. 24

Connections by speed and technology

Table 7

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2009-2013 ................................................................................................. 25

Chart 8 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2013 .......................................................................... 25

Table 8

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2009-2013 ................................................................................................. 26

Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2013 .......................................................................... 26

Chart 10 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013

(Shares of selected technologies) ...................................................................................... 27

Chart 11 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013

(Net adds for selected technologies) .................................................................................. 27

Chart 12 Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) ....................................................... 28

Table 9

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................................... 29

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 15

image18-00.jpg612x792

Chart 13 Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................................... 29

Table 10 Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2013 ...... 30

Table 11

Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology

as of December 31, 2013 ................................................................................................... 31

Number of providers

Table 12

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2009-2013 ....................................................... 32

Chart 14 Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2009-2013 .......................................... 32

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 16

image19-00.jpg612x792

1

Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

136,294

157,017

182,065

206,131

230,201

243,359

262,564

284,692

293,397

Total Fixed

79,994

81,764

84,521

86,575

88,317

89,945

92,511

93,986

96,032

Mobile Wireless

56,300

75,253

97,544

119,556

141,883

153,414

170,053

190,706

197,365

Table 2

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

40,669

45,552

55,110

64,819

82,015

100,268

129,398

165,110

211,218

Total Fixed

38,963

41,364

44,694

48,577

51,097

57,243

64,657

68,673

78,175

Mobile Wireless

1,706

4,188

10,416

16,242

30,918

43,025

64,741

96,437

133,043

Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

117,089

132,567

149,441

171,773

186,516

196,665

215,817

235,273

246,797

Total Fixed

73,394

75,251

76,918

78,906

80,706

82,217

84,392

85,277

87,599

Mobile Wireless

43,695

57,316

72,523

92,867

105,810

114,448

131,425

149,996

159,197

Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

38,426

42,243

47,632

51,783

63,736

78,609

105,749

137,792

179,840

Total Fixed

36,844

39,037

41,769

45,263

47,427

53,070

59,914

63,342

72,476

Mobile Wireless

1,582

3,206

5,863

6,520

16,309

25,539

45,835

74,450

107,364

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 17

image20-00.jpg612x792

2

Chart

1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013

< 768 kbps

1.3%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

11.0%

< 768 kbps

17.7%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

5.1%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.7%

>= 1.5 Mbps

15.9%

>= 1.5 Mbps

40.8%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

4.2%

< 768 kbps

3.3%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps; 23.5%

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 23.5%

>= 6 Mbps; 53.1%

Note:

Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds

.

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)

Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps

and less than 6

Mbps

Less than 3

Upstream Speed

Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

Total

Less than 768 kbps

51,794

9,590

3,754

65,138

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

14,981

12,463

32,258

59,703

At least 1.5 Mbps

2,060

46,761

119,735

168,556

Total

68,836

68,815

155,746

293,397

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps

17.7

3.3

1.3

22.2

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

5.1

4.2

11.0

20.3

At least 1.5 Mbps

0.7

15.9

40.8

57.4

Total

23.5

23.5

53.1

100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 18

image21-00.jpg612x792

3

Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

17.9%

< 768 kbps

3.6%

< 768 kbps

7.7%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

2.1%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.6%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

9.2%

>= 1.5 Mbps

53.9%

< 768 kbps

4.6%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.4%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps; 10.4%

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 14.3%

>= 6 Mbps; 75.3%

Note:

Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds

.

Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)

Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps

and less than 6

Mbps

Less than 3

Upstream Speed

Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

Total

Less than 768 kbps

7,413

4,409

3,420

15,242

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

2,064

8,863

17,161

28,088

At least 1.5 Mbps

552

415

51,736

52,703

Total

10,029

13,686

72,317

96,032

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps

7.7

4.6

3.6

15.9

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

2.1

9.2

17.9

29.2

At least 1.5 Mbps

0.6

0.4

53.9

54.9

Total

10.4

14.3

75.3

100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 19

image22-00.jpg612x792

4

Chart

3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013

< 768 kbps

1.3%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

8.9%

< 768 kbps

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

17.4%

4.6%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.6%

>= 1.5 Mbps

16.4%

>= 1.5 Mbps

43.4%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

4.3%

< 768 kbps

3.3%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps; 22.5%

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 23.9%

>= 6 Mbps; 53.6%

Note:

Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds

.

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)

Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps

and less than 6

Mbps

Less than 3

Upstream Speed

Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

Total

Less than 768 kbps

42,886

8,086

3,239

54,211

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

11,299

10,554

21,941

43,794

At least 1.5 Mbps

1,446

40,353

106,992

148,791

Total

55,631

58,993

132,172

246,797

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps

17.4

3.3

1.3

22.0

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

4.6

4.3

8.9

17.7

At least 1.5 Mbps

0.6

16.4

43.4

60.3

Total

22.5

23.9

53.6

100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 20

image23-00.jpg612x792

5

Chart

4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

17.7%

< 768 kbps

3.4%

< 768 kbps

7.4%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

2.1%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.1%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

9.3%

>= 1.5 Mbps

55.5%

< 768 kbps

4.3%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.3%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps; 9.6%

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 13.9%

>= 6 Mbps; 76.5%

Note:

Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds

.

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)

Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps

and less than 6

Mbps

Less than 3

Upstream Speed

Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

Total

Less than 768 kbps

6,445

3,784

2,946

13,175

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

1,846

8,142

15,509

25,497

At least 1.5 Mbps

101

244

48,581

48,926

Total

8,393

12,170

67,036

87,599

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps

7.4

4.3

3.4

15.0

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

2.1

9.3

17.7

29.1

At least 1.5 Mbps

0.1

0.3

55.5

55.9

Total

9.6

13.9

76.5

100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 21

image24-00.jpg612x792

6

Chart

5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2013

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

7.6%

< 768 kbps

22.5%

>= 1.5 Mbps

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

34.5%

6.5%

>= 1.5 Mbps

0.8%

>= 1.5 Mbps

23.5%

>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps

1.8%

< 768 kbps

2.6%

Downstream Speed

< 3 Mbps; 29.8%

>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 27.9%

>= 6 Mbps; 42.3%

Note:

Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds

.

Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)

Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps

and less than 6

Mbps

Less than 3

Upstream Speed

Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

Total

Less than 768 kbps

44,381

5,181

334

49,896

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

12,918

3,601

15,097

31,615

At least 1.5 Mbps

1,508

46,346

67,999

115,853

Total

58,807

55,128

83,430

197,365

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps

22.5

2.6

0.2

25.3

At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps

6.5

1.8

7.6

16.0

At least 1.5 Mbps

0.8

23.5

34.5

58.7

Total

29.8

27.9

42.3

100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 22

image25-00.jpg612x792

7

Table 5

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

136,294

157,017

182,065

206,131

230,201

243,359

262,564

284,692

293,397

Total Fixed

79,994

81,764

84,521

86,575

88,317

89,945

92,511

93,986

96,032

aDSL

30,987

30,759

31,470

31,611

31,330

31,173

30,974

30,657

30,690

sDSL

225

191

167

159

148

139

132

117

108

Other Wireline1

719

755

795

778

795

770

796

769

772

Cable Modem

42,439

43,923

45,334

46,698

48,263

49,664

51,646

52,760

54,009

FTTP2

3,980

4,441

4,993

5,477

5,898

6,300

6,733

7,250

7,745

Satellite

1,116

1,144

1,176

1,204

1,190

1,217

1,454

1,623

1,849

Fixed Wireless

527

551

587

649

693

682

777

810

858

Mobile Wireless3

56,300

75,253

97,544

119,556

141,883

153,414

170,053

190,706

197,365

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. No Power Line connections were reported after 2012. See Technical

Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.

2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

Chart

6

Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013

Cable Modem

18.4%

FTTP

2.6%

aDSL

10.5%

All Other

1.2%

Mobile Wireless

67.3%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 23

image26-00.jpg612x792

8

Table 6

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

117,089

132,567

149,441

171,773

186,516

196,665

215,817

235,273

246,797

Total Fixed

73,394

75,251

76,918

78,906

80,706

82,217

84,392

85,277

87,599

aDSL

27,402

27,488

27,467

27,754

27,758

27,632

27,391

26,869

27,248

sDSL

85

65

53

52

54

49

50

43

39

Other Wireline1

56

61

76

45

40

14

34

22

22

Cable Modem

40,872

42,178

43,295

44,480

45,832

47,033

48,716

49,494

50,709

FTTP2

3,758

4,185

4,704

5,118

5,521

5,892

6,270

6,732

7,176

Satellite

767

787

811

885

886

998

1,242

1,407

1,643

Fixed Wireless

454

486

513

572

616

600

689

710

763

Mobile Wireless3

43,695

57,316

72,523

92,867

105,810

114,448

131,425

149,996

159,197

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. No Power Line connections were reported after 2012. See Technical

Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.

2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

Chart

7

Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013

Cable Modem

20.5%

FTTP

2.9%

aDSL

11.0%

All Other

1.0%

Mobile Wireless

64.5%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 24

image27-00.jpg612x792

9

Table 7

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

40,669

45,552

55,110

64,819

82,015

100,268

129,398

165,110

211,218

Total Fixed

38,963

41,364

44,694

48,577

51,097

57,243

64,657

68,673

78,175

aDSL

6,389

6,275

7,302

8,909

10,351

12,875

13,108

14,233

18,540

sDSL

19

13

14

16

26

30

33

34

36

Other Wireline1

150

177

211

204

228

239

276

284

308

Cable Modem

28,583

30,616

32,338

34,113

34,699

37,798

44,133

46,014

50,236

FTTP2

3,739

4,192

4,725

5,188

5,606

6,001

6,430

6,981

7,486

Satellite

#

#

#

#

#

87

394

791

1,181

Fixed Wireless

82

92

105

145

186

214

284

337

388

Mobile Wireless

1,706

4,188

10,416

16,242

30,918

43,025

64,741

96,437

133,043

# = Rounds to Zero.

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. No Power Line connections were reported after 2012. See Technical

Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.

2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

Chart

8

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2013

Cable Modem

23.8%

FTTP

3.5%

aDSL

8.8%

All Other

0.9%

Mobile Wireless

63.0%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 25

image28-00.jpg612x792

10

Table 8

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2009-2013

(In thousands)

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Total

38,426

42,243

47,632

51,783

63,736

78,609

105,749

137,792

179,840

Total Fixed

36,844

39,037

41,769

45,263

47,427

53,070

59,914

63,342

72,476

aDSL

5,633

5,557

6,421

7,909

9,274

11,563

11,669

12,666

16,715

sDSL

10

2

2

4

12

12

13

13

13

Other Wireline1

19

20

36

15

16

7

20

21

20

Cable Modem

27,548

29,398

30,742

32,321

32,693

35,583

41,561

43,061

47,258

FTTP2

3,566

3,982

4,482

4,894

5,271

5,632

6,012

6,504

6,958

Satellite

0

0

0

0

#

86

393

788

1,177

Fixed Wireless

68

77

86

121

161

185

245

289

335

Mobile Wireless

1,582

3,206

5,863

6,520

16,309

25,539

45,835

74,450

107,364

# = Rounds to Zero.

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. No Power Line connections were reported after 2012. See Technical

Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.

2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

Chart

9

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2013

Cable Modem

26.3%

FTTP

3.9%

aDSL

9.3%

All Other

0.9%

Mobile Wireless

59.7%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 26

image29-00.jpg612x792

11

Chart 1

0

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2009-2013

(Shares of selected technologies)

100

37.3

36.5

35.7

35.2

34.4

33.6

32.5

31.5

31.1

90

80

70

8.2

7.2

7.4

7.9

6.8

6.1

6.5

5.1

5.6

60

2.6

2.8

56.8

57.2

57.7

58.0

57.9

55.7

56.0

56.3

56.4

50

40

30

20

10

0

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

2013

2013

aDSL

Cable Modem

FTTP

All Other Fixed

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 27

image30-00.jpg792x612

12

Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2013

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)

Connections

87,599

86,115

79,206

72,476

48,581

48,326

100

2.8

2.4

2.0

2.1

8.3

8.9

9.6

13.6

13.5

8.2

90

57.9

58.8

62.2

65.2

73.1

73.4

80

70

60

50

40

30

31.1

30.5

27.0

23.1

20

10

11.6

11.6

0

Over 200 kbps in at

At least 768 kbps

At least 3 Mbps

At least 3 Mbps

At least 6 Mbps

At least 10 Mbps

least one direction

downstream and over

downstream and over

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

downstream and at least

200 kbps upstream

200 kbps upstream

768 kbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

1.5 Mbps upstream

aDSL

Cable Modem

FTTP

All Other Fixed

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 28

image31-00.jpg612x792

13

Table 9

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of December 31, 2013

(In thousands)

At Most

Over

200 kbps

200 kbps

Upstream or

Upstream and

less than

at least

768 kbps

768 kbps

Technology

Downstream

Downstream

Total

aDSL

943

26,305

27,248

sDSL

7

32

39

Other Wireline

#

22

22

Cable Modem

114

50,595

50,709

FTTP

9

7,168

7,176

Satellite

344

1,298

1,643

Fixed Wireless

67

696

763

Mobile Wireless

25,490

133,708

159,197

Total

26,974

219,823

246,797

# = Rounds to Zero.

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.

Chart 1

3

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of December 31, 2013

Cable Modem

23.0%

FTTP

Satellite

3.3%

0.6%

aDSL

12.0%

All Other

0.3%

Mobile Wireless

60.8%

Note: The BTOP/BIP definition is advertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users

.

Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI

.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 29

image32-00.jpg792x612

14

Table 10

Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2013

(In thousands)

Downstream Speed

Greater than

200

kbps and less

than

768 kbps

At least 768

At least 1.5

At least 3

At least 6

At least 10

At least 25

kbps

Mbps

Mbps

Mbps

and less than

10 Mbps

Mbps

Mbps

and less than

and less than

and less than

and less than

and less than

At least 100

Technology

1.5 Mbps

3 Mbps

6 Mbps

25 Mbps

100 Mbps

Mbps

Total

aDSL

407

2,277

3,948

8,738

6,212

8,834

273

2

30,690

sDSL

21

32

19

*

*

*

4

#

108

Other Wireline

35

38

391

113

29

68

57

40

772

Cable Modem

100

903

574

3,939

1,630

19,096

27,240

527

54,009

FTTP

11

84

97

286

197

4,021

2,864

185

7,745

Satellite

215

285

159

*

*

*

0

0

1,849

Fixed Wireless

58

133

242

275

79

67

4

1

858

Mobile Wireless

31,232

3,899

23,676

55,128

25,803

49,167

8,460

0

197,365

Total

32,079

7,651

29,106

68,815

33,954

82,135

38,901

756

293,397

Percentages

aDSL

0.1

0.8

1.3

3.0

2.1

3.0

0.1

0.0

10.5

sDSL

0.0

0.0

0.0

*

*

*

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other Wireline

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

Cable Modem

0.0

0.3

0.2

1.3

0.6

6.5

9.3

0.2

18.4

FTTP

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

1.4

1.0

0.1

2.6

Satellite

0.1

0.1

0.1

*

*

*

0.0

0.0

0.6

Fixed Wireless

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

Mobile Wireless

10.6

1.3

8.1

18.8

8.8

16.8

2.9

0.0

67.3

Total

10.9

2.6

9.9

23.5

11.6

28.0

13.3

0.3

100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 30

image33-00.jpg792x612

15

Table 11

Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2013

(In thousands)

Downstream Speed

Greater than

200

kbps and less

than

768 kbps

At least 768

At least 1.5

At least 3

At least 6

At least 10

At least 25

kbps

Mbps

Mbps

Mbps

and less than

10 Mbps

Mbps

Mbps

and less than

and less than

and less than

and less than

and less than

At least 100

Technology

1.5 Mbps

3 Mbps

6 Mbps

25 Mbps

100 Mbps

Mbps

Total

aDSL

357

2,150

3,386

7,665

5,194

8,237

258

1

27,248

sDSL

7

16

2

*

*

*

3

0

39

Other Wireline

#

#

1

4

3

9

1

3

22

Cable Modem

88

877

497

3,692

1,085

17,488

26,513

468

50,709

FTTP

8

77

71

252

180

3,794

2,682

112

7,176

Satellite

86

252

123

*

*

*

0

0

1,643

Fixed Wireless

54

120

219

241

68

59

2

#

763

Mobile Wireless

24,379

3,736

19,123

46,823

16,168

41,109

7,859

0

159,197

Total

24,981

7,228

23,423

58,993

22,699

71,569

37,318

585

246,797

Percentages

aDSL

0.1

0.9

1.4

3.1

2.1

3.3

0.1

0.0

11.0

sDSL

0.0

0.0

0.0

*

*

*

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other Wireline

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cable Modem

0.0

0.4

0.2

1.5

0.4

7.1

10.7

0.2

20.5

FTTP

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

1.5

1.1

0.0

2.9

Satellite

0.0

0.1

0.0

*

*

*

0.0

0.0

0.7

Fixed Wireless

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

Mobile Wireless

9.9

1.5

7.7

19.0

6.6

16.7

3.2

0.0

64.5

Total

10.1

2.9

9.5

23.9

9.2

29.0

15.1

0.2

100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 31

image34-00.jpg612x792

16

Table 12

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2009-2013

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Technology

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

aDSL

862

875

865

867

867

860

865

852

851

sDSL

261

251

247

252

255

251

255

246

239

Other Wireline

274

267

270

265

274

258

262

246

245

Cable Modem

345

345

357

400

405

401

404

403

407

FTTP

485

510

545

579

621

642

666

692

744

Satellite

4

4

4

5

6

5

6

5

5

Fixed Wireless

607

625

646

672

713

713

765

771

825

Mobile Wireless

51

55

57

64

69

67

70

79

77

Power Line and Other

6

5

7

4

5

*

*

0

1

Total

1,526

1,536

1,566

1,624

1,687

1,673

1,722

1,714

1,773

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider. * = 1-3 providers.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.

Chart 1

4

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2009-2013

900

800

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

2013

2013

aDSL

Cable Modem

FTTP

Mobile Wireless

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 32

image35-00.jpg612x792

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States

Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates

Table 13

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream / 768 kbps Upstream

and Households by State as of December 31, 2013 .......................................................... 34

Table 14

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 35

End users of connections

Table 15

Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 36

Connections by speed and technology

Table 16

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 37

Table 17

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) ................................. 39

Table 18

Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 41

Connections for selected technologies

Table 19

ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 43

Table 20

Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 45

Number of providers

Table 21

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 47

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 33

image36-00.jpg612x792

17

Table 13

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream / 768 kbps Upstream

and Households by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections and households, in thousands)

Subscribership

State

Connections

Households

Ratio

Alabama

775

1,920

0.40

Alaska

127

269

0.47

American Samoa

0

9

0.00

Arizona

1,563

2,496

0.63

Arkansas

417

1,174

0.36

California

8,419

12,912

0.65

Colorado

1,409

2,054

0.69

Connecticut

947

1,387

0.68

Delaware

260

355

0.73

District of Columbia

192

276

0.69

Florida

4,835

7,733

0.63

Georgia

1,940

3,739

0.52

Guam

*

40

*

Hawaii

379

470

0.81

Idaho

291

605

0.48

Illinois

2,787

4,876

0.57

Indiana

1,334

2,542

0.52

Iowa

401

1,236

0.32

Kansas

593

1,130

0.52

Kentucky

853

1,753

0.49

Louisiana

736

1,744

0.42

Maine

376

561

0.67

Maryland

1,612

2,211

0.73

Massachusetts

2,037

2,575

0.79

Michigan

2,236

3,856

0.58

Minnesota

1,206

2,128

0.57

Mississippi

346

1,127

0.31

Missouri

1,130

2,413

0.47

Montana

192

420

0.46

Nebraska

432

734

0.59

Nevada

621

1,068

0.58

New Hampshire

402

525

0.77

New Jersey

2,607

3,250

0.80

New Mexico

376

818

0.46

New York

5,677

7,363

0.77

North Carolina

2,287

3,910

0.58

North Dakota

168

288

0.58

Northern Mariana Isl

*

11

*

Ohio

2,804

4,612

0.61

Oklahoma

652

1,497

0.44

Oregon

993

1,567

0.63

Pennsylvania

3,283

5,059

0.65

Puerto Rico

173

1,373

0.13

Rhode Island

307

413

0.74

South Carolina

1,033

1,871

0.55

South Dakota

191

330

0.58

Tennessee

1,271

2,567

0.50

Texas

5,233

9,383

0.56

Utah

609

923

0.66

Vermont

182

257

0.71

Virgin Islands

7

41

0.16

Virginia

2,071

3,155

0.66

Washington

1,845

2,723

0.68

West Virginia

434

767

0.57

Wisconsin

1,296

2,314

0.56

Wyoming

114

235

0.49

Total

72,476

121,061

0.60

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2013 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);

Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 34

image37-00.jpg612x792

18

Table 14

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership

State

Connections

Households

Ratio

Alabama

1,145

1,920

0.60

Alaska

194

269

0.72

American Samoa

*

9

*

Arizona

1,830

2,496

0.73

Arkansas

645

1,174

0.55

California

10,115

12,912

0.78

Colorado

1,620

2,054

0.79

Connecticut

1,102

1,387

0.79

Delaware

284

355

0.80

District of Columbia

205

276

0.74

Florida

6,024

7,733

0.78

Georgia

2,516

3,739

0.67

Guam

*

40

*

Hawaii

393

470

0.84

Idaho

412

605

0.68

Illinois

3,450

4,876

0.71

Indiana

1,704

2,542

0.67

Iowa

839

1,236

0.68

Kansas

802

1,130

0.71

Kentucky

1,135

1,753

0.65

Louisiana

1,101

1,744

0.63

Maine

430

561

0.77

Maryland

1,707

2,211

0.77

Massachusetts

2,125

2,575

0.83

Michigan

2,672

3,856

0.69

Minnesota

1,534

2,128

0.72

Mississippi

570

1,127

0.51

Missouri

1,575

2,413

0.65

Montana

285

420

0.68

Nebraska

520

734

0.71

Nevada

747

1,068

0.70

New Hampshire

441

525

0.84

New Jersey

2,719

3,250

0.84

New Mexico

501

818

0.61

New York

5,955

7,363

0.81

North Carolina

2,819

3,910

0.72

North Dakota

215

288

0.75

Northern Mariana Isl

*

11

*

Ohio

3,384

4,612

0.73

Oklahoma

924

1,497

0.62

Oregon

1,144

1,567

0.73

Pennsylvania

3,759

5,059

0.74

Puerto Rico

564

1,373

0.41

Rhode Island

320

413

0.78

South Carolina

1,294

1,871

0.69

South Dakota

232

330

0.70

Tennessee

1,578

2,567

0.61

Texas

6,479

9,383

0.69

Utah

706

923

0.76

Vermont

208

257

0.81

Virgin Islands

23

41

0.57

Virginia

2,282

3,155

0.72

Washington

2,068

2,723

0.76

West Virginia

489

767

0.64

Wisconsin

1,618

2,314

0.70

Wyoming

160

235

0.68

Total

87,599

121,061

0.72

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2013 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);

Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 35

image38-00.jpg612x792

19

Table 15

Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Connections

Percentages

State

Residential

Business

Residential

Business

Total

Alabama

3,345

478

87.5

12.5

3,823

Alaska

580

97

85.7

14.3

677

American Samoa

*

*

*

*

*

Arizona

4,815

819

85.5

14.5

5,634

Arkansas

1,997

341

85.4

14.6

2,338

California

32,677

6,065

84.3

15.7

38,742

Colorado

4,331

823

84.0

16.0

5,154

Connecticut

3,008

598

83.4

16.6

3,606

Delaware

758

139

84.5

15.5

897

District of Columbia

692

521

57.0

43.0

1,213

Florida

15,968

3,041

84.0

16.0

19,009

Georgia

7,475

1,385

84.4

15.6

8,860

Guam

67

11

86.1

13.9

78

Hawaii

1,190

177

87.0

13.0

1,367

Idaho

1,138

203

84.8

15.2

1,341

Illinois

9,934

2,019

83.1

16.9

11,952

Indiana

4,645

709

86.8

13.2

5,354

Iowa

2,009

360

84.8

15.2

2,369

Kansas

2,050

379

84.4

15.6

2,429

Kentucky

3,182

449

87.6

12.4

3,631

Louisiana

3,545

577

86.0

14.0

4,121

Maine

894

142

86.3

13.7

1,036

Maryland

4,851

885

84.6

15.4

5,737

Massachusetts

5,622

1,089

83.8

16.2

6,711

Michigan

7,173

1,632

81.5

18.5

8,805

Minnesota

4,017

884

82.0

18.0

4,902

Mississippi

2,083

178

92.1

7.9

2,261

Missouri

4,271

901

82.6

17.4

5,172

Montana

728

105

87.4

12.6

833

Nebraska

1,312

286

82.1

17.9

1,598

Nevada

2,243

357

86.3

13.7

2,600

New Hampshire

1,038

169

86.0

14.0

1,207

New Jersey

7,783

1,495

83.9

16.1

9,279

New Mexico

1,422

226

86.3

13.7

1,648

New York

16,108

3,193

83.5

16.5

19,300

North Carolina

7,025

1,320

84.2

15.8

8,346

North Dakota

568

108

84.1

15.9

676

Northern Mariana Isl

*

*

*

*

*

Ohio

8,695

1,628

84.2

15.8

10,323

Oklahoma

2,809

499

84.9

15.1

3,308

Oregon

3,039

538

85.0

15.0

3,577

Pennsylvania

9,742

1,697

85.2

14.8

11,439

Puerto Rico

2,188

216

91.0

9.0

2,404

Rhode Island

826

153

84.4

15.6

978

South Carolina

3,243

476

87.2

12.8

3,719

South Dakota

591

82

87.9

12.1

673

Tennessee

4,626

829

84.8

15.2

5,455

Texas

20,698

4,380

82.5

17.5

25,078

Utah

2,009

409

83.1

16.9

2,418

Vermont

450

86

84.0

16.0

536

Virgin Islands

83

9

89.8

10.2

93

Virginia

6,326

1,326

82.7

17.3

7,652

Washington

5,544

1,136

83.0

17.0

6,680

West Virginia

1,157

166

87.4

12.6

1,323

Wisconsin

3,786

742

83.6

16.4

4,529

Wyoming

431

66

86.7

13.3

497

Total

246,797

46,601

84.1

15.9

293,397

# = Rounds to Zero.

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 36

image39-00.jpg792x612

20

Table 16

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2013

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other

Cable

Fixed

Mobile

State

ADSL

SDSL

Wireline

Modem

Fiber

Satellite

Wireless

Wireless

Total

Alabama

527

4

*

648

11

*

4

2,561

3,823

Alaska

82

1

3

*

2

*

6

442

677

American Samoa

*

*

0

*

*

0

*

0

*

Arizona

649

#

*

1,253

6

*

20

3,662

5,634

Arkansas

350

#

*

324

11

*

3

1,601

2,338

California

4,205

11

*

5,735

830

*

46

27,656

38,742

Colorado

*

#

0

952

7

*

52

3,380

5,154

Connecticut

*

1

0

783

6

*

*

2,399

3,606

Delaware

*

#

0

181

*

*

*

589

897

District of Columbia

*

1

0

*

26

*

*

974

1,213

Florida

1,928

1

*

4,060

469

*

6

12,425

19,009

Georgia

1,223

2

*

1,420

43

*

1

6,083

8,860

Guam

*

*

*

*

*

0

*

*

78

Hawaii

*

*

0

*

9

*

*

942

1,367

Idaho

219

#

*

168

4

*

43

890

1,341

Illinois

1,470

6

*

2,145

26

*

54

8,171

11,952

Indiana

747

1

*

910

95

*

39

3,503

5,354

Iowa

386

1

*

413

62

*

29

1,447

2,369

Kansas

286

1

*

469

69

*

30

1,549

2,429

Kentucky

508

2

*

637

30

*

15

2,387

3,631

Louisiana

433

1

*

675

49

*

6

2,900

4,121

Maine

140

3

0

315

6

*

*

558

1,036

Maryland

*

2

0

912

*

*

1

3,883

5,737

Massachusetts

*

1

0

1,568

*

*

2

4,383

6,711

Michigan

904

6

*

1,835

13

*

38

5,900

8,805

Minnesota

631

14

*

914

49

*

23

3,228

4,902

Mississippi

300

#

*

280

3

*

1

1,624

2,261

Missouri

850

#

*

726

35

*

27

3,446

5,172

Montana

119

1

*

161

11

*

13

513

833

Nebraska

181

#

*

345

16

*

19

1,025

1,598

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2013 37