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FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services

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Released: March 21, 2011



Internet Access Services:

Status as of June 30, 2010








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
March 2011


















This report is available for reference in the FCC's Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.








Table of Contents


Introduction...........................................................................................................................................1


Connection speeds.................................................................................................................................2

Figure 1(a) Distribution of Reportable Connections by Downstream Speed ...............................2
Figure 1(b) Distribution of Reportable Connections by Upstream Speed....................................3
Figure 2(a) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed Below 3 mbps ............................................................................4
Figure 2(b) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed at Least 3 mbps but Below 6 mbps............................................5
Figure 2(c) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed at Least 6 mbps..........................................................................6

Providers by census tract by connection speed ..................................................................................7

Figure 3(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds.........................7
Figure 3(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service

of Various Speeds......................................................................................................8

A decade of Internet access adoption. .................................................................................................9

Figure 4
Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2010 ...................................................................9

Other report highlights.......................................................................................................................10

Residential subscribership ..............................................................................................................10
Household adoption by speed tier ..................................................................................................10
Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections ..................................11
Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics .........................................................11
Maps of providers by census tract ..................................................................................................11

Remainder of the report.....................................................................................................................11

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation........................................................................................13

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States .........................................................................................33

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ...........................................................50

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures ..................................................................66

Technical Notes ...................................................................................................................................80

Glossary ...............................................................................................................................................83

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 i

Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010


Introduction.

This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits
per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on June 30, 2010, as collected by
FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet access
services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa, Guam,
Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by
telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service
providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1

Notable developments during the first half of 2010 include:

Fixed-location Internet access connections increased by only 1% (from 81 to 82 million) while
subscribers with mobile wireless devices and data plans for full Internet access increased by 27%
(from 56 million to 71 million). See Table 1.

Fixed-location connections continue to dominate at speeds that meet or exceed the availability
benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report (41 million fixed connections
compared to 5 million mobile subscribers). See Table 2.

The report reflects the Commission's efforts to improve the way it collects, uses, and disseminates data by
focusing in detail on reported connection speeds. Before presenting that information, we note two
important points about the Form 477 data.

First, the data track subscribership, or adoption, of services of different speeds; they do not
directly measure the availability of services of different speeds. That is, if service connections of
different speeds are available to a particular consumer for purchase from one or more suppliers
then only the purchased connection is counted by Form 477.

Second, the reported connection speed is typically based on the advertised speed of the purchased
service, such as the advertised "up to" speed of a wired service or the advertised range of "typical
speeds" of a mobile wireless service. It is possible that the purchased service will not operate at
its advertised speed at all times.2

This is the fourth report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and
counties, as well as subscribership differences among the states.3 And we continue to illustrate
correlations of subscribership and demographic measures.

1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.
2 The Commission is working in partnership with a third-party measurement company, SamKnows, to test actual
consumer broadband speeds. See Comment Sought on Residential Fixed Broadband Services Testing and
Measurement Solution
, CG Docket No. 09-158, CC Docket No. 98-170, WC Docket No. 04-36, Public Notice, 25
FCC Rcd 3836 (2010). The Commission is also considering a third-party partnership for mobile broadband
measurement. See Comment Sought on Measurement of Mobile Broadband Network Performance and Coverage,
CG Docket No. 09-158, CC Docket No. 98-170, WC Docket No. 04-36, Public Notice, 25 FCC Rcd 7069 (2010).
3 The Form 477 program began collecting state-level data in 2000. Census tract-level data were first collected in
December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of
December 31, 2008
(February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in the Form 477 data
should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 1

Connection speeds.

The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed tiers
defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview discussion,
we organize the extensive information collected for June 2010 into three groups of downstream speeds
and three groups of upstream speeds. For the breakpoints between these groups, we use the Form 477-
defined breakpoints that the Commission discussed as potential proxies for the broadband availability
benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.4 These Form 477-defined breakpoints
are 3 mbps and 6 mbps for downstream speeds and 768 kbps and 1.5 mbps for upstream speeds.5

Figure 1(a) illustrates how the connections reported for June 2010 were distributed across the three ranges
of downstream speed defined by breakpoints at 3 mbps and at 6 mbps.

Figure 1(a)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (152,920,000) by

Downstream Speed as of June 30, 2010


31%
9%
60%
Downstream Speed 6 mbps (46,797,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps (13,636,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps (92,487,000 connections)



4 The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download
Internet content at 4 megabits per second (mbps) and to upload Internet content at 1 mbps over the service
provider's network. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All
Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to
Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN Docket
Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, para. 11 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).
5 See Sixth Broadband Deployment Report, 25 FCC Rcd at 9568, para. 20. As explained there, the Commission
decided to evaluate the evidence of broadband availability using the Form 477-defined speed breakpoints of 3 mbps
downstream and 768 kbps upstream.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 2

At mid-year 2010, 60% of reportable connections (or 92.5 million connections) were slower than
3 mbps in the downstream direction, 9% (or 13.6 million connections) were at least 3 mbps in the
downstream direction but slower than 6 mbps, and 31% (or 46.8 million connections) were at
least 6 mbps in the downstream direction.6

By comparison to revised data for December 2009 that were filed after our most recent report was
released, mobile wireless connections slower than 3 mbps in the downstream direction increased
by 24% (from 52.9 million to 65.7 million connections) between December 2009 and June 2010
while the number of fixed connections slower than 3 mbps decreased by 1% (from 27.1 million to
26.8 million connections). Total (fixed and mobile) connections slower than 3 mbps downstream
increased by 16% (or 12.5 million connections) over the six months while connections of all
reportable speeds increased by 12% (or 16.4 million connections).

Figure 1(b) illustrates how the connections reported for June 2010 were distributed across the three ranges
of upstream speed defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 mbps.


Figure 1(b)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (152,920,000) by

Upstream Speed as of June 30, 2010


18%
19%
63%
Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (28,360,000 connections)
768 kbps Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (27,651,000 connections)
Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (96,909,000 connections)



6 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of all reportable connections (fixed and mobile) is summarized more
concisely in Chart 1. Chart 2 provides connection-speed detail for fixed connections. Chart 5 provides connection-
speed detail for mobile wireless connections.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 3

At mid-year 2010, 63% of reportable connections (or 96.9 million connections) were slower than
768 kbps in the upstream direction, 18% (or 27.7 million connections) were at least 768 kbps in
the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 mbps, and 19% (or 28.4 million connections) were at
least 1.5 mbps in the upstream direction.

By comparison to the revised data that were filed for December 2009 after our most recent report
was released, mobile wireless connections slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction
increased by 22% (from 49.7 million to 60.8 million connections) between December 2009 and
June 2010 while the number of fixed connections slower than 768 kbps decreased by 2% (from
36.7 million to 36.1 million connections). Total (fixed and mobile) connections slower than 768
kbps upstream increased by 12% (or 10.5 million connections) over the six months while
connections of all reportable speeds increased by 12% (or 16.4 million connections).


In Figures 2(a) 2(c), we sequentially review the upstream speeds of the connections that fall into each of
the three downstream-speed groupings that we illustrated in Figure 1(a).


Figure 2(a)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (92,487,000) with

Downstream Speed Below 3 mbps as of June 30, 2010

0%
6%
60%
31%
54%
9%
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (740,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed <1.5 mbps (8,574,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (83,173,000 connections)


U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 4

At mid-year 2010, about 54% of reportable connections (or 83.2 million connections) were
slower than 3 mbps in the downstream direction and also slower than 768 kbps in the upstream
direction.

Additionally, about 6% of reportable connections (or 9.3 million connections) were fast enough
in the upstream direction (at least 768 kbps) but too slow in the downstream direction (less than 3
mbps) to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment
Report
.


Figure 2(b)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (13,636,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 3 mbps but Below 6 mbps as of June 30, 2010

1%
60%
3%
9%
5%
31%
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (1,366,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (5,217,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (7,053,000 connections)


At mid-year 2010, about 5% of reportable connections (or 7.1 million connections) were at least 3
mbps but below 6 mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the
upstream direction. These purchased connections are too slow in the upstream direction to meet
the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 5

Figure 2(c)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (46,797,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 6 mbps as of June 30, 2010

9%
17%
31%
60%
9%
4%
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (26,254,000 connections)
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (13,860,000 connections)
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (6,683,000 connections)


At mid-year 2010, about 4% of reportable connections (or 6.7 million connections) were at least 6
mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction.
These purchased connections also are too slow in the upstream direction to meet the broadband
availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.

In sum, 69% of reportable Internet access service connections (or 106.2 million connections) in
June 2010 were too slow in both the downstream and upstream directions, or too slow in a single
direction, to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband
Deployment Report
. About 54% of reportable connections (or 83.2 million connections) were too
slow in both directions, about 6% (or 9.3 million connections) were too slow in the downstream
direction only, and about 9% (or 13.7 million connections) were too slow in the upstream
direction only.

By comparison, revised data that were filed for December 2009 after our previous report was
released show that 69% of total reportable connections (or 94.3 million connections) in December
2009 were too slow in both the downstream and upstream directions, or too slow in a single
direction, to meet that broadband availability benchmark. About 53% (or 72.0 million
connections) were too slow in both directions, about 6% (or 8.0 million connections) were too
slow in the downstream direction only, and about 11% (or 14.4 million connections) were too
slow in the upstream direction only.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 6

Providers by census tract by connection speed.

In earlier reports in which we summarized Form 477
data through June 2008, we included summary statistics for the percentage of 5-digit geographical ZIP
Codes in which differing numbers of providers (zero providers, one provider, two providers, etc.) had
customers for their reportable connections.7 The ZIP Code-based data did not include information about
the speeds of the connections that were purchased in particular ZIP Codes. However, the census tract-
level information collected on Form 477 since December 2008 does include the speeds of purchased
fixed-location connections.8 In Figure 3(a), we use that information to estimate the percentages of
households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers reported residential
fixed-location connections of several different speeds at mid-year 2010.9


Figure 3(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report
Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2010

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
46
27
2
2
2 Providers
46
47
22
21
1 Provider
8
23
60
60
0 Providers
1
3
15
16

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.


7 For the most recent such report, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008 (July
2009) (June 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
8 Mobile wireless providers report the number of service subscriptions they have sold, and the speeds of those
service subscriptions, at the state level only. For individual census tracts, they report the speeds of mobile wireless
service subscriptions that they offer for sale that is, the capability of the network that they operate in the census
tract.
9 A provider who reports residential connections of a particular speed in a particular census tract may or may not
offer service of that speed everywhere in the census tract.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 7

In Figure 3(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported
residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or operated a mobile wireless network capable
of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds.


Figure 3(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2010

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
71
57
14
2
2 Providers
24
28
32
21
1 Provider
5
13
41
60
0 Providers
0
2
13
16

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 8

Internet access adoption.

The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data
about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one
direction for more than a decade. Figure 4 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access
connections (that is, all reportable connections except mobile wireless connections) since 1999.10

Figure 4

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2010

90,000
100
80,000
90
80
70,000
s
s
70
60,000
sand
ou
h

60
100 Unit

T

50,000
50
40,000
i
o
ns in

ions per
ect
40
n 30,000

Con

30

Connect

20,000
20
10,000
10
0
0
000
00 001 01 002 002 003 003
004
06
07
08
08
09
n 2
n 2
n 2
n 2
n 2004
n 2005 c 2005 n 2006
n 2007
n 20
Dec 1999Ju
Dec 20 Ju
Dec 20 Ju
Dec 2 Ju
Dec 2 Ju
Dec 2 Ju
De
Ju
Dec 20 Ju
Dec 20 Ju
Dec 20 Jun 2009
Dec 20 Jun 2010
Residential Fixed Connections (left axis)
Total Fixed Connections (left axis)
Residential Fixed Connections per 100 Households (right axis)
Total Fixed Connections per 100 Population (right axis)



Between June 2000 and June 2010, total (business and residential) reportable fixed-location
connections grew from 4 million connections to 82 million connections at a compound annual
growth rate of 35% per year.

Between June 2000 and June 2010, residential fixed-location connections grew from 3 million
connections to 75 million connections at a compound annual growth rate of 37% per year.

Between June 2000 and June 2010, household adoption which we track in Figure 4 by
comparing the number of residential fixed-location connections to the number of households
increased from 3 connections per 100 households to 63 connections per 100 households.11,12

10 Reportable connections for December 1999 through June 2005 are summarized in our report High-Speed Services
for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008
(July 2009), Tables 1 and 2, available in Excel format at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. The more recent data are discussed later in this report.
11 We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in
Figure 4, which is a statistic routinely reported by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). This ratio incorporates connections to business locations into a comparison to persons. A more accurately
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 9


Other report highlights.


Residential subscribership


Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
increased by 2% during the first half of 2010, to 75 million. See Table 3.

Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for
full Internet access increased by 27%, to 55 million, during the first half of 2010. See Table 3.

The reported data show a substantial increase between December 2009 and June 2010 in the
number of residential fixed-location connections that are at least 6 mbps downstream and 1.5
mbps upstream (from 11 million to 22 million) and also a substantial increase in the number of
connections that are at least 10 mbps downstream and 1.5 mbps upstream (from 10 million to 22
million). See Chart 12. However, the increases appear to be anomalies caused by inconsistent
reporting by at least one filer, and revisions of the 2009 data are pending.13

Household adoption by speed tier


As a national average in June 2010, there were 33 residential fixed-location connections per 100
households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 mbps downstream and
768 kbps upstream. That was about half as large as the ratio for residential fixed-location
connections of any reportable speed.14 See Tables 15 and 16.


measured indicator of this type would include only connections to residential locations, but OECD does not have
comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections in the member countries. (We note that the
ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to population has a maximum value for any
given country and point in time the value when every household is connected if we assume that no household
would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the United States in June 2010, for example, the
maximum value would be 38 because there were about 119.7 million households in the United States and inhabited
insular areas and a population of about 313.2 million.)
12 For consistency of presentation, we include only mid-year ratios in Figure 4. We calculated total fixed
connections per 100 population using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto
Rico which are as of July 1 each year and Census 2000 population for the remaining inhabited insular areas. We
calculated residential fixed connections per 100 households using U.S. household estimates from the Census
Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS) for July of each year and Census 2000 households for the inhabited
insular areas. (The CPS also estimates U.S. households for March and November of each year.)
13 Relevant charts and tables in earlier Internet Access Services reports will be updated when revised 2009 data are
received, and the revised data will supersede the 2009 data presented here. Reports for 2009 data are available at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
14 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing
shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the "take rate" of offered service
because, as discussed in connection with Figure 3(a), some households are located in areas where apparently no
fixed-location service is offered (as none is purchased).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 10

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of June 30, 2010. Our
estimates continue to indicate that there are substantial areas of relatively low and relatively high
household adoption around the national average. See Charts 15 and 16.

For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of
households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. These results suggest that
some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal
evidence supports that conclusion.15

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics


The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or
adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household
density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are
correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract. These maps are
similar to previously published maps of providers by ZIP Code, but differ in important respects.
In particular, instead of a single map combining providers of connections over all technologies
and to both residential and business end users, now separate maps depict: (1) providers of total
(combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of
residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location
connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making
reportable mobile wireless service available.16

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight
different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,
as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report
are available online at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-14 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:
number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of
providers.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 15-24 present comparable information for the
individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different
speeds.


15 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find
situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.
16 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census
tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 11

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 25-29
present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes
with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected
households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the
correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic
measures.
* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached
customer response form or e-mailing comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: June 2010 Internet
services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data collection.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 12

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation


Contents of this section

Number of connections


Table 1
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010....................................15
Table 2
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010 ..............15
Table 3
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010.................15
Table 4
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps
Upstream
2008-2010 .........................................................................................................15

Speed of connections


Chart 1
Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of

June 30, 2010.....................................................................................................................16
Chart 2
Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................17
Chart 3
Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................18
Chart 4
Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2010............................................................................................19
Chart 5
Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2010............................................................................................20
Table 5
Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2010....................21
Table 6
Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of

June 30, 2010.....................................................................................................................22

Technology of connections


Table 7
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010...........23
Chart 6
Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010 ..............................................................23

Table 8
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology
2006-2010..........................................................................................................................24
Chart 7
Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010 ...........................................24

Connections by speed and technology


Table 9
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2010.................................................................................................25
Chart 8
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2010 ...................................................................................25
Table 10
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2010.................................................................................................26
Chart 9
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2010 ...................................................................................26
Chart 10
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2005-2010

(Shares of selected technologies) ......................................................................................27
Chart 11
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(Net adds for selected technologies)..................................................................................27
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 13

Chart 12
Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) .......................................................28
Table 11
Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................29
Chart 13
Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................29
Table 12
Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2010.....................................30
Table 13
Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2010 ..................31

Number of providers


Table 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010 .......................................................32
Chart 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction: Selected Technologies 2006-2010 .........................................32


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 14

1

Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
64,992
82,525
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
116,663
136,540
152,920
Total Fixed
53,975
60,238
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
78,268
80,698
81,744
Mobile Wireless1
11,017
22,288
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
38,395
55,842
71,177




Table 2

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,611
42,218
46,697
Total Fixed
30,987
33,387
39,398
41,362
Mobile Wireless1
133
224
2,820
5,335




Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
50,941
58,344
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
100,781
117,438
130,513
Total Fixed
49,784
55,652
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,700
73,985
75,224
Mobile Wireless1
1,157
2,692
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
29,081
43,454
55,289




Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,557
39,820
43,358
Total Fixed
29,013
31,362
37,182
39,033
Mobile Wireless1
114
196
2,638
4,325



1 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 15

2

Chart 1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.4%
9.1%
>= 1.5 mbps
17.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.4%
< 768 kbps
< 768 kbps
4.6%
54.4%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
5.6%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 60.5%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 8.9%
>= 6 mbps; 30.6%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
83,173
7,053
6,683
96,909
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
8,574
5,217
13,860
27,651
At least 1.5 mbps
740
1,366
26,254
28,360
Total
92,487
13,636
46,797
152,920

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
54.4
4.6
4.4
63.4
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
5.6
3.4
9.1
18.1
At least 1.5 mbps
0.5
0.9
17.2
18.5
Total
60.5
8.9
30.6
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 16

3

Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010
< 768 kbps
8.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
15.7%
< 768 kbps
27.6%
< 768 kbps
>= 1.5 mbps
8.5%
28.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.7%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
>= 1.5 mbps
5.9%
0.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 32.8%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 14.7%
>= 6 mbps; 52.5%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
22,532
6,915
6,664
36,111
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,695
4,784
12,858
21,338
At least 1.5 mbps
575
335
23,384
24,295
Total
26,803
12,034
42,906
81,744

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
27.6
8.5
8.2
44.2
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.5
5.9
15.7
26.1
At least 1.5 mbps
0.7
0.4
28.6
29.7
Total
32.8
14.7
52.5
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 17

4

Chart 3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
9.8%
< 768 kbps
5.0%
>= 1.5 mbps
19.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.4%
< 768 kbps
< 768 kbps
4.7%
52.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 57.0%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 8.9%
>= 6 mbps; 34.1%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
68,473
6,147
6,588
81,209
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
5,708
4,382
12,805
22,896
At least 1.5 mbps
237
1,104
25,067
26,408
Total
74,419
11,634
44,460
130,513

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
52.5
4.7
5.0
62.2
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.4
3.4
9.8
17.5
At least 1.5 mbps
0.2
0.8
19.2
20.2
Total
57.0
8.9
34.1
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 18

5

Chart 4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010
< 768 kbps
8.7%
< 768 kbps
26.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.4%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.1%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
16.5%
< 768 kbps
8.0%
>= 1.5 mbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
29.6%
5.6%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.3%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 31.4%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 13.8%
>= 6 mbps; 54.8%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
20,216
6,009
6,569
32,794
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,314
4,198
12,375
19,887
At least 1.5 mbps
83
195
22,266
22,543
Total
23,613
10,402
41,209
75,224

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
26.9
8.0
8.7
43.6
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.4
5.6
16.5
26.4
At least 1.5 mbps
0.1
0.3
29.6
30.0
Total
31.4
13.8
54.8
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 19

6

Chart 5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2010
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
1.4%
>= 1.5 mbps
4.0%
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
85.2%
0.6%
>= 1.5 mbps
1.4%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
6.9%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 92.3%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 2.3%
>= 6 mbps; 5.5%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
60,640
139
19
60,798
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4,879
432
1,002
6,313
At least 1.5 mbps
165
1,031
2,870
4,066
Total
65,684
1,602
3,891
71,177

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
85.2
0.2
0.0
85.4
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
6.9
0.6
1.4
8.9
At least 1.5 mbps
0.2
1.4
4.0
5.7
Total
92.3
2.3
5.5
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 20

7

Table 5

Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2010

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3 At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps 100 mbps 100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
9,083
*
7,022
37
2
#
0
*
19,247

% Residential
70
94
50
81
98
95
0
0
67
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
18,239
29,792
15,934
7,016
5,551
1,130
#
0
77,662

% Residential
78
90
91
87
98
99
11
0
88
At least 768 and less then 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
1
*
6,544
5,217
8,273
5,582
6
*
27,651

% Residential
92
72
65
84
89
98
86
0
83
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
#
*
740
1,205
3,277
18,747
23
*
23,993

% Residential
23
85
32
87
97
96
100
17
94
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
*
161
25
2,192
334
*
2,713

% Residential
5
0
36
34
59
96
77
97
90
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
*
0
*
*
59
3
#
0
62

% Residential
0
0
33
100
59
76
81
0
60
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
*
*
0
1,207
70
#
1,277

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
93
93
86
93
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
280
*
280

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
85
0
85
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
35
35

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
14
Total
Total Connections
27,324
34,924
30,239
13,636
17,187
28,861
714
35
152,920

% Residential
75
90
74
85
93
96
83
14
85

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 21

8

Table 6

Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2010

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3 At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps 100 mbps 100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
1,678
2,326
*
*
2
#
0
*
4,299

% Residential
88
96
66
82
98
95
0
0
91
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
2,345
6,242
9,686
*
*
1,130
#
0
31,813

% Residential
88
93
87
87
98
99
11
0
91
At least 768 and less then 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
1
596
3,098
4,784
*
5,582
6
*
21,338

% Residential
92
75
92
88
95
98
86
0
93
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
#
#
575
175
*
18,747
23
*
19,930

% Residential
23
85
14
80
93
96
100
17
94
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
*
*
*
2,192
334
*
*

% Residential
5
0
36
34
56
96
77
97
90
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
*
0
*
*
59
3
#
0
62

% Residential
0
0
33
100
59
76
81
0
60
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
*
*
0
1,207
*
#
*

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
93
93
86
93
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
280
*
280

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
85
0
85
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
35
35

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
14
Total
Total Connections
4,024
*
13,614
12,034
13,295
28,861
*
35
81,744

% Residential
88
93
85
86
96
96
83
14
92

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 22

9

Table 7

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
64,992
82,525
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
116,663
136,540
152,920
Total Fixed
53,975
60,238
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
78,268
80,698
81,744
aDSL
22,584
25,413
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,618
30,972
30,739
sDSL
337
345
320
293
275
241
217
225
191
Other Wireline
472
545
622
605
665
705
686
716
758
Cable Modem
29,173
31,982
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,722
43,162
43,924
FTTP1
547
894
1,281
1,849
2,346
2,884
3,543
3,975
4,436
Satellite
495
572
669
791
869
938
990
1,116
1,144
Fixed Wireless
361
483
587
707
808
485
487
525
546
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
Mobile Wireless2
11,017
22,288
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
38,395
55,842
71,177

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 6

Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010

FTTP
2.9%
aDSL
20.1%
Cable Modem
28.7%
All Other
1.7%
Mobile Wireless
46.5%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 23

10

Table 8

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
50,941
58,344
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
100,781
117,438
130,513
Total Fixed
49,784
55,652
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,700
73,985
75,224
aDSL
20,152
22,768
24,962
26,475
26,950
26,488
27,029
27,389
27,471
sDSL
103
105
105
82
81
74
71
85
65
Other Wireline
9
13
12
17
32
42
44
51
54
Cable Modem
28,388
31,118
33,336
35,341
36,901
38,681
40,122
41,481
42,178
FTTP1
444
764
1,153
1,683
2,139
2,717
3,344
3,754
4,181
Satellite
382
456
530
626
705
630
668
767
787
Fixed Wireless
301
424
523
644
741
410
417
453
483
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
Mobile Wireless2
1,157
2,692
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
29,081
43,454
55,289

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.







Chart 7

Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010

FTTP
3.2%
Cable Modem
aDSL
32.3%
21.0%
All Other
1.1%
Mobile Wireless
42.4%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 24

11

Table 9

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,611
42,218
46,697
Total Fixed
30,987
33,387
39,398
41,362
aDSL
5,403
5,614
6,391
6,277
sDSL
5
9
19
13
Other Wireline
121
128
149
178
Cable Modem
22,708
24,242
29,022
30,616
FTTP1
2,694
3,328
3,734
4,186
Satellite
#
#
#
#
Fixed Wireless
54
64
81
91
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
Mobile Wireless2
133
224
2,820
5,335

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 8

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2010
FTTP
9.0%
aDSL
13.4%
All Other
0.6%
Mobile Wireless
11.4%
Cable Modem
65.6%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 25

12

Table 10

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,557
39,820
43,358
Total Fixed
29,013
31,362
37,182
39,033
aDSL
4,613
4,889
5,635
5,560
sDSL
1
2
10
2
Other Wireline
10
11
18
19
Cable Modem
21,776
23,236
27,889
29,398
FTTP1
2,571
3,174
3,561
3,977
Satellite
0
0
0
0
Fixed Wireless
42
50
67
77
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
Mobile Wireless2
114
196
2,638
4,325

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.







Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2010
FTTP
9.2%
aDSL
12.8%
All Other
0.2%
Mobile Wireless
Cable Modem
10.0%
67.8%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 26

13

Chart 10

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2005-2010

(Shares of selected technologies)
100
39.5
40.5
40.9
41.2
40.8
39.9
38.4
37.7
37.0
36.5
90
s
80
e
c
t
i
on

nn
o

70
5.1
5.6
3.9
4.7
i
x
e
d C

60
3.2
58.5
2.6
57.0
55.9
56.0
56.0
56.1
56.1
55.0
54.5
54.6
t
i
a
l
F

n
50
e
s
i
de

R
40
of
a
ge

30
e
r
c
e
nt

P

20
10
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2005
2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed




Chart 11

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(Net adds for selected technologies)
5,000
4,949
4,810
4,000
3,564
a
nds

3,221
hous
T

3,000
i
n

2,056
2,000
c
t
i
ons

1,988
1,205
onne
986

C

1,000
837
709
442
79
0
Jun 2006 to
Jun 2007 to
Jun 2008 to
Jun 2009 to
Jun 2007
Jun 2008
Jun 2009
Jun 2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 27

14

Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)
Connections
75,224
69,250
51,579
39,033
22,266
21,838
100
1.9
17.1
6.0
7.8
10.2
16.9
5.6
56.1
59.4
72.9
90
75.3
82.7
82.8
80
70
ds
e
hol

us
o

60
of H
ge
ta

50
e
r
c
e
n

d P
40
a
te

36.5
s
ti
m

33.8

E

30
20
19.0
14.2
10
0
Over 200 kbps in at
At least 768 kbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
least one direction
downstream and over
downstream and over
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 28

15

Table 11

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2010
(In thousands)

At Most
Over
200 kbps
200 kbps
Upstream or
Upstream and
less than
at least
768 kbps
768 kbps
Technology
Downstream
Downstream
Total
aDSL
4,033
23,439
27,471
sDSL
30
35
65
Other Wireline
3
51
54
Cable Modem
1,068
41,110
42,178
FTTP
18
4,163
4,181
Satellite
697
91
787
Fixed Wireless
123
360
483
Mobile Wireless
21,083
34,206
55,289
Power Line and Other
3
2
6
Total
27,057
103,456
130,513

# = Rounds to Zero.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



Chart 13

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2010
FTTP
4.0%
aDSL
22.7%
Cable Modem
39.7%
All Other
0.5%
Mobile Wireless
33.1%
Note: The BTOP/BIP definition is advertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 29

16

Table 12

Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2010

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download Download Download Download Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
1,046
1,275
2,320
1,972
5,800
9,419
8,979
1,752
490
6
28,418
30,739
sDSL
0
0
0
69
72
*
10
2
*
#
191
191
Other Wireline
0
0
0
63
78
440
88
29
26
35
758
758
Cable Modem
121
836
957
141
686
3,030
2,603
11,400
24,739
370
42,967
43,924
FTTP
5
1
6
16
52
102
225
94
3,603
338
4,429
4,436
Satellite
*
*
958
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
186
1,144
Fixed Wireless
37
20
57
79
137
163
90
16
3
1
489
546
Mobile Wireless
*
*
14,948
15,894
24,982
9,859
1,601
3,891
*
*
56,228
71,177
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
6
6
Total
9,083
10,164
19,247
18,241
31,821
23,218
13,599
17,185
28,861
749
133,673
152,920

Percentages

aDSL
3.4
4.1
7.5
6.4
18.9
30.6
29.2
5.7
1.6
0.0
92.5
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
36.3
37.6
*
5.3
0.9
*
0.1
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.3
10.3
58.0
11.6
3.9
3.4
4.6
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.3
1.9
2.2
0.3
1.6
6.9
5.9
26.0
56.3
0.8
97.8
100.0
FTTP
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.4
1.2
2.3
5.1
2.1
81.2
7.6
99.9
100.0
Satellite
*
*
83.7
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.3
100.0
Fixed Wireless
6.7
3.7
10.4
14.5
25.1
29.8
16.4
3.0
0.5
0.2
89.6
100.0
Mobile Wireless
*
*
21.0
22.3
35.1
13.9
2.2
5.5
*
*
79.0
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
*
*
100.0
100.0
Total
5.9
6.6
12.6
11.9
20.8
15.2
8.9
11.2
18.9
0.5
87.4
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 30

17

Table 13

Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2010

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download Download Download Download Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
1,004
1,203
2,207
1,826
5,426
8,188
7,828
1,555
439
3
25,265
27,471
sDSL
0
0
0
30
26
*
2
1
*
#
65
65
Other Wireline
0
0
0
3
6
26
6
12
#
#
54
54
Cable Modem
111
834
944
124
645
2,872
2,251
11,122
23,923
297
41,233
42,178
FTTP
4
1
6
12
43
75
205
85
3,459
296
4,175
4,181
Satellite
*
*
693
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
94
787
Fixed Wireless
34
19
53
70
120
145
79
14
2
#
430
483
Mobile Wireless
*
*
8,898
12,185
22,107
7,616
1,232
3,250
*
*
46,391
55,289
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
6
6
Total
6,360
6,441
12,801
14,256
28,386
19,008
11,604
16,039
27,822
597
117,712
130,513

Percentages

aDSL
3.7
4.4
8.0
6.6
19.8
29.8
28.5
5.7
1.6
0.0
92.0
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
46.0
41.0
*
2.5
1.0
*
0.0
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.3
11.2
47.9
12.0
22.5
0.2
0.8
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.3
2.0
2.2
0.3
1.5
6.8
5.3
26.4
56.7
0.7
97.8
100.0
FTTP
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
1.0
1.8
4.9
2.0
82.7
7.1
99.9
100.0
Satellite
*
*
88.1
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
11.9
100.0
Fixed Wireless
7.0
3.9
10.9
14.6
24.9
30.0
16.4
2.8
0.4
0.1
89.1
100.0
Mobile Wireless
*
*
16.1
22.0
40.0
13.8
2.2
5.9
*
*
83.9
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
*
*
100.0
100.0
Total
4.9
4.9
9.8
10.9
21.7
14.6
8.9
12.3
21.3
0.5
90.2
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 31

18

Table 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2006-2010


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
aDSL
833
858
864
856
863
881
875
861
872
sDSL
256
257
242
233
238
264
257
260
250
Other Wireline
246
256
246
250
259
292
284
275
266
Cable Modem
254
279
282
292
296
342
351
342
341
FTTP
187
222
251
276
308
432
461
483
510
Satellite
5
5
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
Fixed Wireless
452
505
484
514
505
620
619
604
611
Mobile Wireless
19
24
19
22
24
47
48
51
55
Power Line and Other
6
6
6
7
6
5
6
6
5
Total
1,327
1,396
1,374
1,399
1,395
1,562
1,549
1,521
1,519

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.






Chart 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2006-2010

900
800
700
r
s
600
i
de

r
ov
P
500
r
of
e
400
b

Num

300
200
100
0
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Mobile Wireless






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 32

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States


Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates


Table 15
Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband

Availability Target) and Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 kbps up) .................34
Table 16
Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................35

End users of connections


Table 17
Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................36

Connections by speed and technology


Table 18
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................37
Table 19
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) .................................30
Table 20
Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................41

Connections for selected technologies


Table 21
ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................43
Table 22
Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................45

Number of providers


Table 23
Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................47

Reported availability for selected technologies


Table 24
Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2010: xDSL Availability Where ILECs

Offer Local Telephone Service and Cable Modem Availability Where Cable Systems
Offer
Cable
TV Service.....................................................................................................49


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 33

19

Table 15

Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband Availability Target)

and Households by State as of June 30, 2010
(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 up and households, in thousands)
Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
337
1,867
0.18
Alaska
*
252
*
American Samoa
0
9
0.00
Arizona
926
2,464
0.38
Arkansas
177
1,144
0.15
California
4,773
12,634
0.38
Colorado
919
1,978
0.46
Connecticut
628
1,358
0.46
Delaware
207
343
0.60
District of Columbia
131
270
0.48
Florida
2,592
7,344
0.35
Georgia
989
3,697
0.27
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
72
575
0.12
Illinois
1,499
4,803
0.31
Indiana
713
2,493
0.29
Iowa
174
1,197
0.15
Kansas
243
1,101
0.22
Kentucky
471
1,718
0.27
Louisiana
428
1,694
0.25
Maine
81
539
0.15
Maryland
1,268
2,158
0.59
Massachusetts
1,634
2,568
0.64
Michigan
1,320
3,808
0.35
Minnesota
735
2,046
0.36
Mississippi
117
1,098
0.11
Missouri
442
2,374
0.19
Montana
110
394
0.28
Nebraska
212
709
0.30
Nevada
344
1,008
0.34
New Hampshire
272
513
0.53
New Jersey
2,163
3,192
0.68
New Mexico
198
759
0.26
New York
3,187
7,339
0.43
North Carolina
389
3,737
0.10
North Dakota
76
262
0.29
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
586
4,540
0.13
Oklahoma
311
1,455
0.21
Oregon
663
1,522
0.44
Pennsylvania
2,187
4,927
0.44
Puerto Rico
*
1,262
*
Rhode Island
*
410
*
South Carolina
279
1,783
0.16
South Dakota
91
317
0.29
Tennessee
696
2,511
0.28
Texas
1,793
8,977
0.20
Utah
357
894
0.40
Vermont
122
248
0.49
Virgin Islands
0
41
0.00
Virginia
1,519
3,052
0.50
Washington
1,270
2,615
0.49
West Virginia
210
747
0.28
Wisconsin
461
2,220
0.21
Wyoming
78
219
0.36
Total
39,033
117,671
0.33

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 34

20

Table 16

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
980
1,867
0.52
Alaska
171
252
0.68
American Samoa
*
9
*
Arizona
1,566
2,464
0.64
Arkansas
549
1,144
0.48
California
8,798
12,634
0.70
Colorado
1,361
1,978
0.69
Connecticut
1,024
1,358
0.75
Delaware
250
343
0.73
District of Columbia
177
270
0.66
Florida
5,106
7,344
0.70
Georgia
2,095
3,697
0.57
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
323
575
0.56
Illinois
3,040
4,803
0.63
Indiana
1,446
2,493
0.58
Iowa
740
1,197
0.62
Kansas
696
1,101
0.63
Kentucky
943
1,718
0.55
Louisiana
948
1,694
0.56
Maine
368
539
0.68
Maryland
1,542
2,158
0.71
Massachusetts
1,962
2,568
0.76
Michigan
2,281
3,808
0.60
Minnesota
1,321
2,046
0.65
Mississippi
478
1,098
0.44
Missouri
1,357
2,374
0.57
Montana
232
394
0.59
Nebraska
447
709
0.63
Nevada
616
1,008
0.61
New Hampshire
404
513
0.79
New Jersey
2,501
3,192
0.78
New Mexico
418
759
0.55
New York
5,201
7,339
0.71
North Carolina
2,395
3,737
0.64
North Dakota
164
262
0.63
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
2,877
4,540
0.63
Oklahoma
764
1,455
0.53
Oregon
964
1,522
0.63
Pennsylvania
3,328
4,927
0.68
Puerto Rico
471
1,262
0.37
Rhode Island
291
410
0.71
South Carolina
1,030
1,783
0.58
South Dakota
182
317
0.57
Tennessee
1,336
2,511
0.53
Texas
5,309
8,977
0.59
Utah
586
894
0.65
Vermont
171
248
0.69
Virgin Islands
13
41
0.33
Virginia
1,985
3,052
0.65
Washington
1,748
2,615
0.67
West Virginia
374
747
0.50
Wisconsin
1,400
2,220
0.63
Wyoming
131
219
0.60
Total
75,224
117,671
0.64

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 35

21

Table 17

Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


Connections
Percentages

State
Residential
Business
Residential
Business
Total
Alabama
1,716
225
88.4
11.6
1,941
Alaska
340
51
87.1
12.9
390
American Samoa
1
#
78.2
21.8
2
Arizona
2,610
407
86.5
13.5
3,017
Arkansas
995
143
87.5
12.5
1,137
California
16,553
2,699
86.0
14.0
19,253
Colorado
2,329
407
85.1
14.9
2,736
Connecticut
1,728
278
86.1
13.9
2,006
Delaware
413
65
86.3
13.7
478
District of Columbia
363
252
59.0
41.0
615
Florida
8,402
1,366
86.0
14.0
9,768
Georgia
3,922
677
85.3
14.7
4,599
Guam
32
7
81.2
18.8
40
Hawaii
681
80
89.5
10.5
761
Idaho
559
95
85.5
14.5
654
Illinois
5,496
968
85.0
15.0
6,464
Indiana
2,350
397
85.6
14.4
2,747
Iowa
1,100
188
85.4
14.6
1,288
Kansas
1,150
222
83.8
16.2
1,372
Kentucky
1,521
209
87.9
12.1
1,730
Louisiana
1,893
275
87.3
12.7
2,168
Maine
529
69
88.5
11.5
597
Maryland
2,742
492
84.8
15.2
3,234
Massachusetts
3,196
482
86.9
13.1
3,678
Michigan
3,433
752
82.0
18.0
4,185
Minnesota
2,111
423
83.3
16.7
2,533
Mississippi
1,051
119
89.8
10.2
1,170
Missouri
2,305
435
84.1
15.9
2,741
Montana
392
62
86.4
13.6
454
Nebraska
665
149
81.7
18.3
814
Nevada
1,224
187
86.7
13.3
1,411
New Hampshire
590
90
86.8
13.2
679
New Jersey
4,340
712
85.9
14.1
5,052
New Mexico
731
119
86.0
14.0
851
New York
8,933
1,412
86.3
13.7
10,345
North Carolina
3,896
659
85.5
14.5
4,555
North Dakota
264
47
84.8
15.2
311
Northern Mariana Isl
5
2
71.5
28.5
6
Ohio
4,422
813
84.5
15.5
5,235
Oklahoma
1,514
235
86.6
13.4
1,749
Oregon
1,671
268
86.2
13.8
1,940
Pennsylvania
5,339
833
86.5
13.5
6,172
Puerto Rico
705
95
88.1
11.9
800
Rhode Island
468
74
86.4
13.6
542
South Carolina
1,627
256
86.4
13.6
1,884
South Dakota
293
47
86.1
13.9
340
Tennessee
2,329
404
85.2
14.8
2,734
Texas
10,818
2,075
83.9
16.1
12,893
Utah
1,029
198
83.9
16.1
1,226
Vermont
245
41
85.8
14.2
286
Virgin Islands
44
6
88.8
11.2
50
Virginia
3,472
743
82.4
17.6
4,215
Washington
3,071
602
83.6
16.4
3,673
West Virginia
598
83
87.8
12.2
681
Wisconsin
2,083
376
84.7
15.3
2,460
Wyoming
224
38
85.5
14.5
262
Total
130,513
22,408
85.3
14.7
152,920

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 36

22

Table 18

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
498
5
12
513
5
*
3
878
*
1,941
Alaska
77
4
#
*
1
*
6
191
0
390
American Samoa
*
*
0
0
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
527
1
16
1,096
3
*
22
1,333
*
3,017
Arkansas
313
#
*
267
3
*
1
527
0
1,137
California
4,456
16
*
4,418
513
*
28
9,624
0
19,253
Colorado
658
3
*
744
6
*
38
1,244
0
2,736
Connecticut
*
2
6
672
3
*
*
902
0
2,006
Delaware
*
#
4
158
*
*
0
210
0
478
District of Columbia
*
2
5
*
2
*
*
414
0
615
Florida
2,006
2
*
3,075
315
*
4
4,257
0
9,768
Georgia
1,129
1
*
1,052
25
*
#
2,329
0
4,599
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
*
0
40
Hawaii
*
*
1
*
1
*
*
401
0
761
Idaho
177
#
*
137
2
*
21
303
0
654
Illinois
1,537
7
*
1,629
9
*
36
3,172
0
6,464
Indiana
725
3
10
697
67
*
30
1,188
*
2,747
Iowa
373
3
*
376
17
*
23
474
0
1,288
Kansas
264
1
*
438
21
*
21
607
0
1,372
Kentucky
459
7
*
512
8
*
6
714
0
1,730
Louisiana
397
1
*
562
27
*
3
1,142
0
2,168
Maine
126
5
2
259
2
*
3
193
*
597
Maryland
*
3
17
778
*
*
#
1,581
0
3,234
Massachusetts
*
4
16
1,339
*
*
1
1,591
0
3,678
Michigan
860
7
19
1,517
6
*
25
1,701
*
4,185
Minnesota
611
19
*
739
22
*
15
1,093
0
2,533
Mississippi
240
1
*
241
1
*
#
651
0
1,170
Missouri
811
1
*
599
7
*
13
1,249
0
2,741
Montana
119
2
2
113
3
*
13
*
0
454
Nebraska
167
1
*
293
4
*
19
323
0
814





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 37

23

Table 18 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Power
Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
232
1
6
*
2
*
3
740
0
1,411
New Hampshire
84
2
4
329
12
*
*
242
0
679
New Jersey
530
2
31
1,698
*
*
#
2,332
0
5,052
New Mexico
259
#
*
168
2
*
15
390
0
851
New York
1,010
13
42
3,982
*
*
2
4,704
0
10,345
North Carolina
985
1
*
1,513
22
*
1
1,974
0
4,555
North Dakota
67
1
*
90
19
*
6
125
0
311
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
1,145
7
16
1,862
22
*
23
2,128
*
5,235
Oklahoma
361
#
*
436
7
*
8
900
0
1,749
Oregon
362
6
*
576
74
*
10
884
0
1,940
Pennsylvania
1,187
7
25
1,915
*
*
1
2,598
*
6,172
Puerto Rico
*
*
5
*
#
*
*
290
0
800
Rhode Island
*
1
1
*
*
*
*
227
0
542
South Carolina
437
#
*
627
20
*
1
771
0
1,884
South Dakota
60
2
#
118
13
*
7
*
0
340
Tennessee
570
5
*
784
39
*
2
1,285
0
2,734
Texas
2,797
10
*
2,456
326
*
44
7,084
0
12,893
Utah
308
3
*
268
11
*
38
585
0
1,226
Vermont
84
*
3
93
4
*
*
94
0
286
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
50
Virginia
527
2
31
1,114
*
*
4
2,062
*
4,215
Washington
589
4
14
1,186
59
*
9
1,780
*
3,673
West Virginia
162
*
3
220
1
*
1
273
0
681
Wisconsin
615
16
7
823
10
*
22
938
*
2,460
Wyoming
59
2
*
76
1
*
5
111
0
262
Total
30,739
191
758
43,924
4,436
1,144
546
71,177
6
152,920

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 38

24

Table 19

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
42
*
2
311
2
*
#
*
0
385
Alaska
*
*
*
*
#
*
*
0
0
26
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
*
Arizona
*
*
2
771
2
*
2
0
*
961
Arkansas
33
*
1
149
1
*
0
*
0
187
California
666
*
17
3,767
492
*
7
546
0
5,494
Colorado
*
*
4
704
3
*
14
*
0
973
Connecticut
*
*
2
619
2
0
*
*
0
695
Delaware
*
*
1
*
*
0
0
*
0
227
District of Columbia
*
*
2
*
2
0
*
*
0
189
Florida
261
#
*
2,163
303
*
1
367
0
3,117
Georgia
141
*
7
865
18
*
#
*
0
1,250
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
*
Hawaii
*
*
#
*
1
0
0
*
0
372
Idaho
54
*
#
20
1
*
3
*
0
93
Illinois
177
1
*
1,355
5
*
7
430
0
1,983
Indiana
142
*
2
543
62
*
2
37
0
788
Iowa
75
#
1
111
4
*
*
*
0
359
Kansas
32
#
*
216
7
*
#
61
0
318
Kentucky
114
*
1
369
3
0
*
*
0
517
Louisiana
8
*
1
412
18
*
#
*
0
461
Maine
65
#
#
35
2
*
*
*
*
145
Maryland
*
*
4
709
*
*
#
105
0
1,446
Massachusetts
*
*
5
1,233
*
*
1
*
0
1,786
Michigan
106
1
3
1,257
4
*
#
*
0
1,390
Minnesota
137
1
2
621
11
*
1
*
0
834
Mississippi
5
*
#
120
1
*
0
0
0
126
Missouri
88
*
5
368
4
*
1
*
0
561
Montana
19
#
#
*
2
*
#
0
0
120
Nebraska
44
*
#
178
2
*
1
*
0
244





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 39

25

Table 19 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
36
*
1
*
1
*
2
*
0
451
New Hampshire
40
*
#
*
*
*
0
*
0
304
New Jersey
223
*
10
*
*
*
#
*
0
2,459
New Mexico
68
*
1
141
2
*
*
*
0
214
New York
395
*
15
2,509
*
*
1
456
0
3,924
North Carolina
173
#
*
237
17
*
#
253
0
687
North Dakota
15
*
#
*
7
0
*
0
0
84
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
0
*
0
*
0
0
*
Ohio
320
#
3
335
18
*
1
*
*
784
Oklahoma
34
#
1
283
4
*
*
133
0
455
Oregon
91
#
*
539
70
*
2
107
0
810
Pennsylvania
427
*
9
1,482
*
*
#
200
0
2,533
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
0
0
5
Rhode Island
*
*
#
*
*
0
*
*
0
291
South Carolina
45
*
3
235
17
*
#
*
0
310
South Dakota
18
0
*
*
9
0
#
0
0
101
Tennessee
28
*
4
682
19
*
#
*
0
807
Texas
483
#
*
1,113
288
*
6
752
0
2,655
Utah
90
*
1
251
11
*
24
*
0
380
Vermont
49
*
#
*
4
*
0
*
0
137
Virgin Islands
0
0
*
0
0
0
*
0
0
*
Virginia
227
#
10
957
*
*
1
110
0
1,725
Washington
157
*
2
1,120
51
*
2
153
0
1,485
West Virginia
*
0
#
168
1
*
*
*
0
253
Wisconsin
74
2
*
403
6
*
3
219
0
707
Wyoming
14
*
#
*
*
*
#
0
0
85
Total
6,277
13
178
30,616
4,186
#
91
5,335
1
46,697

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 40

26

Table 20

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Alabama
86.0
72.2
33.8
22.5
5.1
Alaska
87.2
77.9
28.9
12.7
6.5
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
89.1
72.9
34.7
31.5
22.5
Arkansas
89.8
76.2
26.5
17.0
14.7
California
88.2
75.7
32.7
25.8
16.6
Colorado
90.0
76.8
36.8
34.1
25.0
Connecticut
89.6
76.6
39.0
33.7
24.1
Delaware
87.4
73.7
50.9
46.0
41.8
District of Columbia
78.7
61.7
32.2
25.1
16.1
Florida
88.6
81.1
43.3
34.9
20.5
Georgia
86.4
75.1
37.4
25.8
16.0
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
94.2
85.4
51.4
8.4
1.0
Idaho
86.3
70.2
33.9
11.3
3.2
Illinois
90.1
78.7
36.6
26.4
17.9
Indiana
87.1
73.9
35.6
25.9
20.0
Iowa
89.5
75.4
49.9
27.8
7.0
Kansas
86.7
75.1
37.1
26.3
15.9
Kentucky
88.6
80.1
42.2
26.3
20.7
Louisiana
88.1
80.4
30.5
21.0
14.3
Maine
84.6
77.2
55.0
36.5
6.3
Maryland
85.1
72.3
46.0
39.6
34.9
Massachusetts
87.8
77.0
49.2
43.6
38.4
Michigan
84.9
71.9
37.4
31.8
11.2
Minnesota
88.5
75.6
38.5
33.3
20.2
Mississippi
90.2
63.2
23.7
12.0
2.9
Missouri
87.6
77.7
31.9
21.8
6.8
Montana
75.4
51.7
29.0
24.0
1.9
Nebraska
83.0
65.8
41.5
28.8
4.0





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 41

27

Table 20 - Continued

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Nevada
90.3
80.4
37.3
30.0
20.0
New Hampshire
85.8
73.1
54.8
45.1
34.9
New Jersey
86.3
73.6
50.0
45.2
41.9
New Mexico
84.0
64.6
29.7
23.5
3.2
New York
86.8
76.2
50.7
42.6
37.6
North Carolina
83.5
71.0
44.6
32.2
5.7
North Dakota
80.0
56.9
42.3
26.5
22.1
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
83.2
68.2
38.4
28.3
5.8
Oklahoma
91.5
85.3
34.8
20.4
16.0
Oregon
91.0
80.2
44.6
38.5
26.2
Pennsylvania
86.9
75.1
45.7
35.0
29.3
Puerto Rico
88.2
74.6
21.4
1.4
0.1
Rhode Island
89.0
79.6
53.8
49.3
43.8
South Carolina
81.7
67.3
39.0
29.3
8.0
South Dakota
76.9
55.2
43.1
26.8
24.4
Tennessee
84.7
69.5
35.9
28.3
17.5
Texas
89.0
79.3
34.0
24.2
8.2
Utah
91.0
78.3
33.7
28.2
20.9
Vermont
84.6
74.7
48.5
35.0
13.7
Virgin Islands
85.7
57.7
*
*
*
Virginia
84.3
70.3
42.5
34.9
28.9
Washington
90.4
79.3
43.2
38.1
30.3
West Virginia
88.0
81.1
42.1
27.2
19.0
Wisconsin
89.2
78.5
44.9
30.9
6.5
Wyoming
81.4
54.2
36.1
28.8
1.6
Total
87.4
75.5
39.5
30.6
19.4

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 42

28

Table 21

ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
269
315
357
403
431
457
473
496
498
Alaska
54
60
64
68
72
75
77
77
77
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
276
365
406
437
454
466
487
518
527
Arkansas
181
200
227
249
267
273
298
308
313
California
4,002
4,343
4,626
4,780
4,755
4,617
4,587
4,568
4,456
Colorado
405
473
530
573
575
624
641
651
658
Connecticut
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
1,723
1,873
1,960
2,046
2,045
2,005
1,962
1,988
2,006
Georgia
1,009
1,126
1,219
1,307
1,361
1,240
1,251
1,256
1,129
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
98
113
129
142
154
160
169
174
177
Illinois
1,094
1,212
1,300
1,382
1,419
1,503
1,538
1,556
1,537
Indiana
443
515
584
636
651
672
699
721
725
Iowa
189
233
271
298
322
336
351
362
373
Kansas
179
203
225
236
241
243
250
260
264
Kentucky
251
303
340
367
385
421
431
454
459
Louisiana
236
271
306
333
354
385
390
404
397
Maine
90
105
115
118
120
114
123
125
126
Maryland
450
490
512
514
495
471
440
405
*
Massachusetts
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
534
607
690
733
749
780
835
857
860
Minnesota
331
395
449
496
529
544
573
590
611
Mississippi
129
154
180
202
220
229
240
255
240
Missouri
468
546
618
683
712
727
767
805
811
Montana
70
83
96
102
108
108
111
115
119
Nebraska
95
112
124
135
143
151
158
164
167





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 43

29

Table 21 - Continued

ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
168
190
207
220
225
222
225
229
232
New Hampshire
85
94
98
100
97
91
91
86
84
New Jersey
638
704
735
735
700
666
624
568
530
New Mexico
131
157
180
200
217
231
242
250
259
New York
1,003
1,104
1,182
1,184
1,169
1,122
1,100
1,046
1,010
North Carolina
561
648
725
820
870
891
918
969
985
North Dakota
39
46
51
56
60
65
64
67
67
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
753
859
951
1,024
1,034
1,069
1,109
1,127
1,145
Oklahoma
247
277
302
324
334
338
349
359
361
Oregon
280
312
339
356
361
371
367
367
362
Pennsylvania
871
1,013
1,126
1,191
1,209
1,231
1,233
1,218
1,187
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
243
285
323
359
386
400
412
428
437
South Dakota
33
40
46
48
53
56
58
58
60
Tennessee
348
397
447
499
535
541
549
559
570
Texas
1,733
1,997
2,294
2,464
2,475
2,608
2,706
2,784
2,797
Utah
189
222
250
270
284
299
280
309
308
Vermont
51
61
68
72
73
61
79
81
84
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
446
505
548
568
561
553
547
536
527
Washington
491
534
569
592
600
599
596
593
589
West Virginia
87
105
124
138
147
152
160
161
162
Wisconsin
360
418
484
528
556
556
586
612
615
Wyoming
39
44
50
53
55
57
58
58
59
Total
22,584
25,413
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,618
30,972
30,739

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 44

30

Table 22

Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
311
342
374
399
417
460
482
501
513
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
761
838
850
897
992
1,044
1,043
1,105
1,096
Arkansas
149
184
205
214
236
227
254
265
267
California
2,957
3,156
3,411
3,603
3,799
3,990
4,157
4,303
4,418
Colorado
476
523
561
604
626
659
697
737
744
Connecticut
441
454
513
550
576
615
627
655
672
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
158
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
1,939
2,178
2,344
2,543
2,631
2,825
2,896
3,067
3,075
Georgia
650
743
802
862
904
974
1,035
1,056
1,052
Guam
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
75
109
116
123
127
121
130
133
137
Illinois
1,042
1,332
1,466
1,570
1,625
1,591
1,597
1,647
1,629
Indiana
490
370
410
439
456
626
649
689
697
Iowa
225
234
268
287
309
330
344
360
376
Kansas
317
321
351
369
380
415
419
435
438
Kentucky
306
333
384
435
482
452
483
498
512
Louisiana
379
420
446
485
481
518
546
561
562
Maine
146
152
169
179
197
202
224
238
259
Maryland
637
781
829
865
871
801
782
796
778
Massachusetts
955
1,044
1,088
1,136
1,159
1,291
1,253
1,309
1,339
Michigan
1,019
1,103
1,197
1,265
1,307
1,394
1,460
1,487
1,517
Minnesota
517
541
571
608
622
666
687
722
739
Mississippi
114
136
152
166
188
216
230
236
241
Missouri
401
444
473
498
517
560
562
587
599
Montana
54
65
74
83
90
92
102
108
113
Nebraska
218
239
238
252
262
278
286
295
293





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 45

31

Table 22 - Continued

Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
New Hampshire
202
210
230
240
250
285
294
314
329
New Jersey
1,312
1,386
1,474
1,538
1,586
1,637
1,631
1,650
1,698
New Mexico
100
109
117
127
137
146
159
162
168
New York
2,765
2,967
3,164
3,342
3,548
3,749
3,851
3,887
3,982
North Carolina
964
1,041
1,134
1,196
1,266
1,344
1,392
1,444
1,513
North Dakota
58
71
76
80
83
85
88
93
90
Northern Mariana Isl
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,185
1,303
1,406
1,498
1,627
1,705
1,757
1,815
1,862
Oklahoma
284
313
348
373
382
408
429
432
436
Oregon
407
453
490
531
554
517
531
559
576
Pennsylvania
1,164
1,256
1,271
1,399
1,492
1,800
1,807
1,891
1,915
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
368
418
459
496
517
555
583
602
627
South Dakota
93
100
101
111
115
122
122
127
118
Tennessee
506
602
663
703
715
718
755
770
784
Texas
1,692
1,944
2,082
2,183
2,214
1,971
2,286
2,407
2,456
Utah
*
*
*
*
212
*
244
263
268
Vermont
*
*
*
*
*
71
79
86
93
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
893
877
906
921
941
1,096
1,112
1,123
1,114
Washington
726
806
862
909
944
998
1,110
1,140
1,186
West Virginia
145
145
156
159
167
205
215
229
220
Wisconsin
543
592
637
676
711
759
779
802
823
Wyoming
*
*
*
*
*
64
70
74
76
Total
29,173
31,982
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,722
43,162
43,924

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 46

32

Table 23

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
27
11
21
18
19
*
10
6
*
75
Alaska
12
4
6
4
4
*
8
5
0
22
American Samoa
*
*
0
0
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
23
9
25
11
23
*
17
6
*
74
Arkansas
20
7
10
16
10
*
5
5
0
49
California
32
17
41
18
26
*
32
9
0
113
Colorado
34
12
31
15
24
*
28
10
0
94
Connecticut
7
9
21
7
13
*
*
4
0
38
Delaware
6
6
17
4
4
*
0
5
0
29
District of Columbia
10
8
25
*
12
*
4
6
0
40
Florida
28
18
49
18
34
*
17
7
0
98
Georgia
35
16
34
32
40
*
10
7
0
106
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
*
0
5
Hawaii
*
4
6
*
7
*
*
6
0
19
Idaho
25
7
17
12
17
*
15
8
0
59
Illinois
60
22
41
20
24
*
50
11
0
138
Indiana
37
13
26
14
31
*
37
7
*
98
Iowa
125
36
26
39
59
*
62
9
0
201
Kansas
42
16
21
27
31
*
29
11
0
95
Kentucky
27
10
22
22
20
*
16
9
0
85
Louisiana
19
9
20
14
15
*
7
5
0
57
Maine
13
11
13
6
11
*
4
5
*
32
Maryland
14
12
30
14
16
*
8
7
0
65
Massachusetts
13
11
28
9
15
*
5
5
0
54
Michigan
41
21
36
16
21
*
24
9
*
99
Minnesota
59
23
26
19
41
*
32
6
0
108
Mississippi
20
7
20
13
9
*
4
6
0
54
Missouri
39
16
24
23
24
*
31
6
0
99
Montana
24
10
15
5
12
*
12
*
0
43
Nebraska
34
8
12
21
26
*
27
7
0
74





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 47

33

Table 23 - Continued

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
19
10
17
4
15
*
7
6
0
48
New Hampshire
13
9
16
6
10
*
*
5
0
39
New Jersey
17
14
40
6
17
*
4
5
0
62
New Mexico
21
7
14
7
12
*
11
9
0
47
New York
43
18
42
14
28
*
14
7
0
101
North Carolina
25
9
29
21
26
*
6
10
0
80
North Dakota
29
10
13
7
16
*
15
4
0
45
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
40
19
33
24
31
*
22
9
*
104
Oklahoma
40
10
20
14
14
*
10
11
0
76
Oregon
43
14
27
15
30
*
18
7
0
85
Pennsylvania
36
14
38
24
25
*
11
7
*
92
Puerto Rico
*
*
6
*
4
*
*
4
0
15
Rhode Island
6
7
13
4
7
*
*
4
0
26
South Carolina
23
7
20
16
17
*
6
8
0
53
South Dakota
29
8
11
7
19
*
17
*
0
53
Tennessee
27
13
28
15
20
*
12
8
0
86
Texas
69
26
52
28
44
*
57
10
0
161
Utah
16
11
19
5
15
*
13
7
0
52
Vermont
10
6
13
4
7
*
*
4
0
32
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
7
Virginia
28
17
34
15
24
*
13
9
*
82
Washington
28
10
28
16
25
*
20
8
*
80
West Virginia
10
6
14
10
10
*
4
8
0
41
Wisconsin
47
17
22
16
27
*
23
9
*
93
Wyoming
12
7
7
4
5
*
11
6
0
34
Total
872
250
266
341
510
4
611
55
5
1,519

* Indicates one to three providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 48

34

Table 24

Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2010

xDSL Availability Where ILECs
Cable Modem Availability Where Cable
State
Offer Local Telephone Service
Systems Offer Cable TV Service
Alabama
80
93
Alaska
74
*
American Samoa
*
0
Arizona
87
99
Arkansas
80
69
California
90
99
Colorado
90
97
Connecticut
*
100
Delaware
*
99
District of Columbia
*
*
Florida
91
98
Georgia
94
92
Guam
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
Idaho
82
98
Illinois
87
97
Indiana
82
97
Iowa
88
93
Kansas
85
96
Kentucky
84
93
Louisiana
84
94
Maine
76
96
Maryland
*
99
Massachusetts
*
100
Michigan
75
96
Minnesota
89
97
Mississippi
78
91
Missouri
82
95
Montana
81
84
Nebraska
87
96
Nevada
90
*
New Hampshire
77
98
New Jersey
86
100
New Mexico
88
89
New York
79
99
North Carolina
90
94
North Dakota
89
92
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
Ohio
86
98
Oklahoma
80
93
Oregon
84
97
Pennsylvania
79
96
Puerto Rico
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
South Carolina
86
95
South Dakota
82
84
Tennessee
84
98
Texas
82
97
Utah
92
90
Vermont
82
71
Virgin Islands
*
0
Virginia
67
98
Washington
84
97
West Virginia
67
90
Wisconsin
83
97
Wyoming
81
84
Total
84
97

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: This table summarizes responses to Form 477 questions about service availability, as opposed to subscribership. xDSL includes both asymmetric
and symmetric DSL. Each state-specific estimate is a weighted average of the availability percentages that ILECs or cable system operators report
for the areas they serve. Reported xDSL availability is weighted by ILEC end-user switched access lines and VoIP lines. Reported cable modem
availability is weighted by cable TV subscribers. The weighted averages include ILECs or cable system operators that report no availability.
Figures are presented to the nearest percent.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and II; Warren Communications News, Inc., Television & Cable Factbook: Online (Cable General Information, February 2010).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 49

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts


Contents of this section

All counties


Chart 15
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................51
Table 25
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................52

All census tracts


Chart 16
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................53
Table 26
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................54
Table 27
Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology

as of June 30, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................55

Counties and census tracts in individual states


Table 28
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County

Households by State as of June 30, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ........................................................................................................56
Table 29
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract

Households by State as of June 30, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) .......................................................................................................58


Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract


Map 1
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010 .............................................60
Map 2
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps

Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010.............................61

Maps: Number of providers by census tract


Map 3
Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010 .................................................................................62
Map 4
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010 .................................................................63
Map 5
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream

and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010 ..........................................64
Map 6
Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010 .................................................................................65

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 50

35

Chart 15

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households as of June 30, 2010
14%
Number of Counties
3,232
Median
0.51
384
12%
378
366
341
328
10%
s
t
i
e

un 8%
242
of Co
215
ge
202
ta
n
6%
e
r
c

171
e
P

132
4%
104
87
2%
58
60
40
28
32
31
19
14
0%
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households

Note: Ratios over 1 were set to 1. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




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Table 25

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households by Technology as of June 30, 2010


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater than 5 than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no and no and no and no and no and no and no and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
1.1
3.7
6.4
26.4
29.6
20.1
8.0
3.0
1.1
0.2
0.3
sDSL
82.1
16.7
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
94.6
5.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
14.4
10.4
10.7
19.5
18.7
13.6
7.4
4.1
1.2
0.2
0.0
FTTP
64.9
26.6
3.2
2.4
1.5
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
0.8
87.9
9.5
1.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
51.6
38.9
5.5
3.2
0.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.5
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.1
0.5
0.9
2.8
7.3
14.1
22.0
23.0
24.8
3.6
0.9

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 52

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Chart 16

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households as of June 30, 2010
8
Number of Tracts
66,287
Median
0.58
7
6
t
s
c
5
ra
T
of
ge
4
a
nt
e
rc
e
3

P

2
1
0
0
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households

Note: Ratios over 2 were set to 2. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 53

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Table 26

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households by Technology as of June 30, 2010


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater than 5 than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no and no and no and no and no and no and no and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
6.1
10.7
10.2
25.0
20.1
12.9
7.1
3.5
2.6
0.8
1.0
sDSL
94.5
5.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.1
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.3
4.2
4.6
13.9
17.2
16.5
14.1
9.9
8.9
2.6
1.8
FTTP
81.8
7.5
1.7
2.5
1.9
1.5
1.2
0.8
0.7
0.2
0.2
Satellite
46.0
49.2
3.6
1.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
86.2
10.9
1.5
1.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.8
0.6
0.8
3.9
7.9
11.2
13.6
13.9
22.9
13.5
11.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 54

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Table 27

Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Number of Providers
Seven or
Technology
Zero
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
More
aDSL
6.1
44.6
35.9
11.1
2.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
sDSL
94.5
5.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.1
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.3
80.8
12.2
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
FTTP
81.8
17.7
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
46.0
23.0
28.2
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
86.2
10.9
2.4
0.5
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
aDSL and/or Cable Modem and/or FTTP
1.2
7.2
38.3
34.8
14.5
3.4
0.6
0.1
Any Technology
0.8
2.7
17.0
26.6
26.2
15.9
7.1
3.8

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 55

40

Table 28

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
67
0
0
0
2
11
17
18
10
9
0
0
Alaska
27
0
0
0
4
3
3
3
3
9
2
0
American Samoa
5
3
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
15
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
4
7
0
0
Arkansas
75
0
0
0
0
7
29
27
10
2
0
0
California
58
0
0
0
1
0
1
10
15
30
1
0
Colorado
64
0
0
0
0
2
3
14
17
18
7
3
Connecticut
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
2
0
Delaware
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
District of Columbia
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Florida
67
0
0
0
0
3
6
13
4
35
6
0
Georgia
159
0
12
12
11
17
22
23
23
24
9
6
Guam
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Hawaii
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
0
Idaho
44
0
0
1
2
1
7
11
12
9
1
0
Illinois
102
0
1
3
9
9
12
17
24
23
2
2
Indiana
92
0
0
0
3
7
14
15
28
22
3
0
Iowa
99
0
0
0
0
0
1
21
50
26
1
0
Kansas
105
0
0
0
0
1
6
25
38
28
6
1
Kentucky
120
0
0
0
3
11
20
42
27
17
0
0
Louisiana
64
0
0
0
1
8
14
13
14
14
0
0
Maine
16
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
4
9
1
0
Maryland
24
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
2
13
4
0
Massachusetts
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
3
3
Michigan
83
0
0
1
0
6
11
17
26
19
3
0
Minnesota
87
0
0
0
0
0
1
19
34
32
1
0
Mississippi
82
0
0
1
9
29
21
12
5
5
0
0
Missouri
115
0
0
1
1
8
26
45
21
13
0
0
Montana
56
0
0
0
1
0
4
18
17
16
0
0
Nebraska
93
0
0
0
0
0
5
35
28
24
1
0





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 56

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Table 28 - Continued

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
17
0
0
0
1
0
6
2
3
5
0
0
New Hampshire
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
6
3
0
New Jersey
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
10
1
New Mexico
33
0
0
0
0
3
7
8
7
7
1
0
New York
62
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
42
9
2
North Carolina
100
0
0
2
3
4
8
20
35
22
4
2
North Dakota
53
0
0
0
0
1
2
8
21
21
0
0
Northern Mariana Isl
4
1
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
88
0
0
0
1
7
5
14
21
37
2
1
Oklahoma
77
0
0
0
1
12
20
24
14
6
0
0
Oregon
36
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
14
13
0
1
Pennsylvania
67
0
0
0
1
0
4
6
14
33
4
5
Puerto Rico
78
0
0
0
8
15
32
19
1
3
0
0
Rhode Island
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
0
South Carolina
46
0
0
0
0
6
10
10
12
7
1
0
South Dakota
66
0
0
0
1
2
9
17
20
17
0
0
Tennessee
95
0
0
0
1
12
23
34
17
7
1
0
Texas
254
0
0
5
11
28
58
67
42
38
3
2
Utah
29
0
0
0
0
2
2
4
7
12
2
0
Vermont
14
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
8
1
0
Virgin Islands
3
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
134
0
0
2
7
15
20
27
28
25
10
0
Washington
39
0
0
0
1
3
2
7
7
17
1
1
West Virginia
55
0
0
0
2
1
13
20
12
7
0
0
Wisconsin
72
0
1
0
0
1
4
6
30
26
4
0
Wyoming
23
0
0
0
0
0
2
4
9
8
0
0
Total
3,232
4
15
28
90
236
457
712
744
801
115
30

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 57

42

Table 29

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
1,081
2
6
11
86
171
195
185
113
170
71
71
Alaska
158
2
1
5
10
5
11
13
14
54
32
11
American Samoa
21
7
8
3
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
Arizona
1,107
16
13
19
56
105
118
139
160
226
115
140
Arkansas
624
1
1
12
47
106
144
107
72
84
29
21
California
7,049
42
15
17
162
329
538
797
987
1,986
1,239
937
Colorado
1,075
15
1
0
18
50
95
143
174
271
168
140
Connecticut
815
3
0
0
1
19
36
57
84
247
283
85
Delaware
197
1
0
1
5
20
22
23
18
30
28
49
District of Columbia
188
7
1
1
1
5
17
24
24
55
27
26
Florida
3,153
11
4
4
54
157
310
428
421
758
477
529
Georgia
1,618
7
66
35
117
185
219
241
200
248
150
150
Guam
56
9
0
1
2
5
2
7
4
11
4
11
Hawaii
286
7
1
0
2
3
4
22
35
110
68
34
Idaho
280
1
2
5
9
20
54
59
42
47
17
24
Illinois
2,964
19
14
25
107
284
356
387
430
754
348
240
Indiana
1,412
4
6
21
107
173
227
234
217
216
89
118
Iowa
793
2
1
0
2
20
66
152
214
250
59
27
Kansas
727
7
2
0
9
28
96
120
154
175
69
67
Kentucky
994
1
7
9
53
99
166
197
165
181
62
54
Louisiana
1,106
7
5
7
50
142
172
179
143
253
104
44
Maine
344
0
1
1
8
10
15
24
64
130
66
25
Maryland
1,216
7
4
2
57
83
90
110
122
272
250
219
Massachusetts
1,361
5
0
1
16
91
101
124
101
280
351
291
Michigan
2,716
15
9
21
146
252
266
337
383
674
386
227
Minnesota
1,300
6
2
3
12
43
113
177
256
409
181
98
Mississippi
605
0
2
18
78
120
115
93
64
67
27
21
Missouri
1,320
10
1
8
63
125
198
222
230
256
130
77
Montana
270
6
2
3
7
14
31
56
54
66
16
15
Nebraska
503
4
0
0
3
27
57
99
107
127
42
37





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 58

43

Table 29 - Continued

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
487
8
5
13
31
51
67
62
66
87
44
53
New Hampshire
272
0
0
0
1
2
5
10
29
97
86
42
New Jersey
1,944
14
1
4
38
80
124
164
171
408
469
471
New Mexico
456
17
7
12
23
42
72
73
56
80
38
36
New York
4,898
100
6
9
46
210
473
672
726
1,072
787
797
North Carolina
1,555
2
8
14
51
122
202
250
243
329
176
158
North Dakota
227
6
0
1
2
13
19
31
47
80
24
4
Northern Mariana Isl
21
1
0
1
9
5
3
1
0
1
0
0
Ohio
2,934
13
8
19
94
246
352
400
420
795
380
207
Oklahoma
990
4
6
21
69
103
164
175
130
183
92
43
Oregon
755
1
0
2
8
35
89
139
162
211
65
43
Pennsylvania
3,134
35
34
7
144
271
281
294
337
700
571
460
Puerto Rico
823
9
49
50
157
170
125
102
39
52
28
42
Rhode Island
233
0
0
0
7
24
18
23
18
45
44
54
South Carolina
867
4
2
7
57
104
162
128
89
156
74
84
South Dakota
235
17
1
4
8
18
28
39
36
61
16
7
Tennessee
1,261
8
4
17
75
163
215
239
164
214
91
71
Texas
4,388
23
40
71
285
569
679
652
534
723
395
417
Utah
496
7
6
2
10
14
38
57
108
124
71
59
Vermont
179
0
0
0
3
3
9
17
31
72
31
13
Virgin Islands
32
0
4
2
7
3
2
4
3
4
3
0
Virginia
1,530
5
6
23
76
107
142
203
196
345
237
190
Washington
1,318
2
5
5
29
51
135
178
225
396
166
126
West Virginia
466
1
5
10
30
54
73
82
88
76
32
15
Wisconsin
1,320
8
3
5
23
86
110
224
236
404
145
76
Wyoming
127
1
0
1
3
3
9
18
33
43
11
5
Total
66,287
510
375
533
2,574
5,240
7,430
8,995
9,239
15,165
8,965
7,261

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 59

Map 1

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction per 1,000 Households

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households by
census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Connections data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household counts
for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 60

Map 2

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps Upstream

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
upstream and at least 768 kbps downstream. All technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless are included.
Connections are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household
counts for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 61

Map 3

Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates
greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include al
technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 62

Map 4

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by
census tract. A provider is counted only if it reported residential
connections in the tract. Connections have information transfer
rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include
al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 63

Map 5

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census tract.
A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in the tract.
Connections have information transfer rates of at least 3 mbps downstream
and at least 768 kbps upstream and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile
wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census
2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 64

Map 6

Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2010

Symbology

Providers (Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of potential providers of mobile connections
with information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction by
census tract. Providers are counted if they indicate that service is available in
a tract over a network the provider operates.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are
from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census 2000
Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 65

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures


Contents of this section

Household income


Chart 17
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2010 .....................................................67
Chart 18
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2010 .....................68

Household density


Chart 19
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2010.....................................................69
Chart 20
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2010.....................70

Education


Chart 21
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2010 .................71
Chart 22
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree

(in Deciles) as of June 30, 2010 ........................................................................................72

Age


Chart 23
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2010........................................73
Chart 24
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population

(in Deciles) as of June 30, 2010 .......................................................................................74

Race


Chart 25
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to

Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2010...................................75
Chart 26
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)

as of June 30, 2010 ............................................................................................................76

Technology and household density


Chart 27
Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of

June 30, 2010.....................................................................................................................77

Income and household density


Chart 28
Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of

June 30, 2010.....................................................................................................................78
Chart 29
Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction to Households by Income and Density..............................................................79

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 66

44

Chart 17

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2010
(County Data)
0.80
0.75
0.70
0.65
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.56
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.50
0.49
0.50
0.47
a
t
i
o

R
0.45
0.46
0.45
i
p
s
h

0.42
er
0.40
0.41
i
b

bscr
0.36
0.36
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Counties Ranked by Median Household Income, in Deciles Higher Income

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by income deciles. Counties were grouped into income deciles based on county median household income in 1999, as reported by the
Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the
decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 67

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Chart 18

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.34
0.40
0.43
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.53
0.57
0.61
0.71
Median
0.35
0.41
0.44
0.46
0.49
0.54
0.54
0.58
0.61
0.72
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

Median
R
p

Q1
e
r
shi
0.5
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Median Household Income in 1999 by Decile Higher Income

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the income decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the averageresidential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 68

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Chart 19

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2010
(County Data)
0.70
0.68
0.66
0.64
0.60
0.59
0.59
0.56
0.54
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.52
0.51
0.50
0.49
0.49
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.47
a
t
i
o

0.40
R
i
p
s
h
er
i
b

bscr
u
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Counties Ranked by Household Density, in Deciles Higher Density

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by density deciles. Counties were grouped into density deciles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of estimated
county households in 2010 to county land area from the Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps
in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential
fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and al deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 69

47

Chart 20

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.49
0.49
0.44
0.43
0.45
0.47
0.51
0.56
0.63
0.62
Median
0.49
0.50
0.45
0.43
0.44
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.63
0.65
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

R
p

Median
e
r
shi
0.5
Q1
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density County Household Density by Decile Higher Density

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the density decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 70

48

Chart 21

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2010
(County Data)
0.80
0.72
0.70
0.65
0.64
0.60
0.60
0.61
0.59
0.57
0.55
0.53
0.53
0.50
0.50
0.48
0.47
a
t
i
o

R
0.45
0.45
0.45
i
p

0.44
s
h

0.42
er
0.40
i
b

0.39
0.39
bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of College Graduates, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county share of college graduates in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population at
least 25 years of age with a college degree or higher educational attainment. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over
200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of
residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across al counties in decile N and al deciles less than N, to the number of households in al the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 71

49

Chart 22

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.36
0.40
0.42
0.45
0.48
0.52
0.55
0.57
0.62
0.71
Median
0.36
0.40
0.42
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.58
0.62
0.72
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

Median
R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Q1
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share of College Graduates by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the share decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 72

50

Chart 23

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2010
(County Data)
0.70
0.69
0.64
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.63
0.64
0.62
0.63
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.50
a
t
i
o

0.40
R
i
p
s
h
er
i
b

bscr
u
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age Counties Ranked by Average Age, in Deciles Higher Avergage Age

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county average age in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the average age of the county population. For each
decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of
households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 73

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Chart 24

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.52
0.54
0.52
0.51
0.51
0.49
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.53
Median
0.54
0.56
0.53
0.51
0.52
0.50
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.54
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
a
ti
o

Q3
R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Median
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
Q1
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age County Average Age by Decile Higher Average Age

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the average age decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 74

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Chart 25

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2010
(County Data)
0.70
0.68
0.66
0.66
0.64
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.64
0.64
0.63
0.63
0.64
0.64
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.60
0.55
0.53
0.50
a
t
i
o

0.40
R
i
p
s
h
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i
b

bscr
u
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of Population White, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by the share of county population white alone in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population that
reported their race as white alone. For each decile,the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties
in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 75

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Chart 26

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.39
0.47
0.50
0.54
0.54
0.55
0.54
0.54
0.51
0.50
Median
0.38
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.54
0.55
0.52
0.50
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7

Q3
a
ti
o
0.6
R
i
p

Median
sh
er
0.5
i
b

scr
Q1
b
u
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share White Alone by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in each race decile. Counties were grouped into
deciles based on the share of the county population that reported their race as white alone. Some of the features are labeled, but note also that + denotes the position of the average
residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and
is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 76

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Chart 27

Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of June 30, 2010

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
90
80
ns 70
e
c
t
i
o

nn
o
C
60
e
e
d

p
-
S
h
i
g
50
x
e
d H

t
i
a
l
Fi

n 40
e
s
i
de

R
of
30
t
a
ge

e
n

e
rc
P
20
10
0
Lowest Density
Highest Density
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Satellite
Fixed Wireless
This chart shows subscribership ratios by technology and household density. Tracts were grouped into 100 density percentiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau. For each percentile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of residential fixed
connections to households across tracts in the percentile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 77

55

Chart 28

Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of June 30, 2010

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction by Tract)
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Richest
Highest Density
Poorest
Lowest Density
This chart shows subscribership ratios by household density and income quantiles. Tracts were grouped into 400 density/income quantiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau, and median household income. For each quantile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of
residential fixed connections to households across tracts in the decile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area, Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 78

56

Chart 29

Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households by Income and Density

Tract Data as of June 30, 2010

100%
90%
80%
s
d

70%
s
ehol
u
o
H

60%
e
c
t
i
ons to

50%
onn
of C
o

40%
ati
R
a
n

edi
30%

M

20%
10%
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Tract Density (Households per Square Mile) in Deciles Higher Density

Tract Median Income in Deciles
less than $22,907
$22,907 to $28,245
$28,245 to $32,004
$32,004 to $35,699
$35,699 to $39,615
$39,615 to $43,859
$43,859 to $49,750
$49,750 to $57,281
$57,281 to $70,136
more than $70,136
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 79


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at
http://www.fcc.gov/form477/.

Wherever a number of providers is cited in this report, multiple Form 477 filers within a holding
company structure count as one provider.

Form 477 collects information about Internet access connections in service to end-user locations that are
advertised to deliver information to and/or from the end user that is, in at least one direction at transfer
rates ("speeds") above 200 kilobits per second (kbps). Information is collected about connections in 72
speed tiers (nine upstream tiers and eight downstream) defined by ranges of upstream speeds and
downstream speeds. Connections are further categorized by the technology employed by the part of the
connection that terminates at the end-user location.

"End users" are residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use services for their own
purposes and who do not resell such services to other entities. Facilities-based providers report
information about connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also connections
that they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users. For Form 477 purposes, the
facilities-based provider of a connection is the entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that
terminates at the end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special access line, or
other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location and provisions/equips it as a connection that
transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction to the end-user location
over licensed spectrum or over spectrum that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.

The mutually exclusive Form 477 technology categories are: asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
("aDSL" in this report), symmetric Digital Subscriber Line ("sDSL"), other wireline, cable modem,
optical fiber to the end-user premises ("FTTP"), satellite, fixed wireless (using licensed or unlicensed
spectrum), mobile wireless (using licensed or unlicensed spectrum), electric power line, and all other
(which is included to capture deployment of additional technologies over time). In the Form 477 data
collection, aDSL-based services delivered over fiber-to-the-node architecture are reported in the aDSL
category. The other wireline category comprises T1/DS1, T3/DS3, and other copper-based connections,
not elsewhere categorized, that deliver Internet access service at the end-user location. Ethernet
connections delivering Internet access service are reported in the other wireline category if the connection
terminates over copper and in the FTTP category if the connection terminates over fiber. Connections
deployed over hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture are reported in the cable modem category. Wireless
ISPs ("WISPs") report in the fixed wireless category if providing service to dispersed, fixed end-user
locations and report in the mobile wireless category if providing a commercial service that can be
received at any location within a service footprint. Wireless local area networks (such as Wi-Fi hotspots)
that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises connection are not included, although the
shared premises connection is included.

Numbers of connections presented in this report are not adjusted for the number of persons at a single
end-user location who have access to, or who use, the Internet access services delivered over the
connection to that location.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 80


Numbers of residential connections are estimated based on the total connections and percentage-
residential connections information reported on Form 477.

Census tracts



Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, facilities-based providers of reportable fixed-location
Internet access connections must report connection counts and percentage residential information at the
census tract level of detail. Because of the inherent mobility of their service, facilities-based mobile
wireless providers do not report subscriber counts by census tract. Instead, they report the census tracts in
the state that best represent the areas where service is available over the provider's own network, for each
of the speed tiers in which the provider offers service.

For the 2000 decennial census, the Census Bureau assigned a default census tract code of 000000 to some
coastal and Great Lakes water and territorial sea. These default-code tracts are not included in the
statistics presented in this report, which therefore summarize data for 66,287 census tracts.

According to GeoLytics, Inc. estimates for 2009, fewer than 200 census tracts have population but no
households because the population resides in group living quarters. For the purpose of estimating
residential subscribership rates by census tract, we assume these census tracts have no reportable
residential Internet access service because persons residing in group quarters would have Internet access
over a business connection provided to the operator of the group quarters. Therefore, these census tracts
are included in the "zero" column.

Decline in reported mobile wireless connections between June 2008 and December 2008

Changed reporting instructions starting in December 2008 caused a one-time decrease in the reported
number of mobile wireless Internet access service connections, from about 60 million in June 2008 to
about 25 million in December 2008. For reporting periods through June 30, 2008, Form 477 had
instructed mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers whose mobile device (such as a
wireless modem laptop card, smartphone, or handset) was capable of sending or receiving data at speeds
above 200 kbps. The Commission found these instructions insufficiently precise to enable it to
determine, from the reported data, the number of subscribers making regular use of Internet access service
above 200 kbps as part of their mobile service package. Starting with the December 31, 2008 data,
therefore, Form 477 requires mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers that have a
capable device (as discussed above) for which the subscription includes a data plan for transferring, on a
monthly basis, either a specified or an unlimited amount of data to and from Internet sites of the
subscriber's choice, and excluding subscribers whose choice of content is restricted to only customized-
for-mobile content (for example, text and multimedia messaging, or the capacity to download ringtones
and games).

Starting with the December 31, 2008, data, providers also must report, explicitly and separately, total
subscribers with a device capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps, irrespective of
the service plan purchased. The number of such devices reported for December 2008 was about 86
million. That figure is not directly comparable to mobile wireless connections reported for June 2008 or
earlier reporting periods, however, because individual providers to a varying and largely unknown
degree included or excluded subscribers with service plans for less than full Internet access in the earlier
data.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 81

Finally, the Form 477 modifications adopted for the December 31, 2008, and later, data specify how
mobile wireless providers should distinguish between residential subscribers and other subscribers, and
some of these providers consequently reported a larger share of residential subscribers than they had
reported for earlier dates.

Ratios of residential fixed-location connections to households that exceed 100%


Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, information about connections over fixed-location
technologies must be reported for individual census tracts. This allows us to estimate the share of
households with fixed-location connections in individual census tracts by taking the ratio of the reported
number of fixed-location residential service connections to the estimated number of households. In the
year-end 2009 data, we continue to find "outlier" estimates at or above 100% and to find that the number
of outliers is substantially reduced when estimates are made for individual counties rather than for
individual census tracts.

Possible explanations of ratios at or above 100% include (1) geocoding misallocations of service locations
to census tracts; (2) proper allocation of connections to the county level by some filers, but improper
allocation of all connections to a single tract in the county; (3) possible overestimation of residential
connections in service plans for which the customer base is primarily residential; and (4) connections at
seasonally or occasionally occupied housing units, such as vacation homes, while the household is
counted elsewhere. The numbers of households in census tracts that were used to generate the estimated
ratios are themselves estimates (for 2010, from GeoLytics, Inc.), which could have an independent effect.

Maps showing number of providers by census tract



Readers of previous reports in this series may note certain differences in the provider-count maps in this
report as compared to maps for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates, which showed the number of providers by
5-digit geographical ZIP Code. The ZIP Code-based maps counted (at the holding company level) each
provider with any fixed-location connections (wired, terrestrial fixed wireless, or satellite) reported for the
ZIP Code and also any mobile wireless service provider who listed the ZIP Code as part of its service
area. By contrast, in this report we provide separate maps for providers (counted at the holding company
level) of fixed-location connections and for mobile wireless providers. Also, we present maps showing
the number of providers that reported any residential fixed-location connections, thereby excluding any
providers of exclusively business fixed-location connections in the census tract.

Maps showing residential subscribership rates by census tract



The two maps based on estimated Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction per
1,000 households (that is, estimated household subscribership, or adoption, rates) are not comparable to
ZIP Code-based maps developed from FCC Form 477 data for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates because
numbers of connections were never reported for individual ZIP Codes. Readers should note that these
two maps (1) exclude all connections identified as business connections and (2) necessarily exclude
residential mobile wireless connections (which are reported for the state but not for individual census
tracts).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 82

Glossary


Term Definition

aDSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop typically using
copper facilities and providing greater bandwidth in one direction than the
other.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system.
Downstream speed
Speed of transmission from the Internet to the end user.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Facilities-based provider
Entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the
end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special
access line, or other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location
and provisions/equips it as a connection that transfers information at rates
over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one
direction to the end-user location over licensed spectrum or over spectrum
that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.
Fixed wireless
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
Fixed-location technologies All technologies other than terrestrial mobile wireless.
FTTH or FTTP
Fiber to the Home (Premises): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer's home (premises).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ISPs
Internet Service Providers: Companies or organizations that provide
Internet access service (see above).
iVoIP
Interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol: A service that enables real-
time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection
from the user's location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer
premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that
originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls
to the public switched telephone network.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Mobile wireless provider
Provider of mobile wireless service (see above).
Other wireline
All copper-wire based technologies other than DSL technologies;
Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
Power line
Internet access service delivered over electric power transmission lines.
Satellite communications
A telecommunications service provided via one or more satellite relays
and their associated uplinks and downlinks.
sDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line: DSL technology that provides equal
bandwidth for both uploads and downloads.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 83

Speed tiers
Sub-groupings defined by ranges of upstream speeds and downstream
speeds.
Upstream speed
Speed of transmission from the end user to the Internet.
Wi-Fi hotspot
Wireless Fidelity: Generic term referring to any type of IEEE 802.11
wireless network. A hotspot is a small geographic area in which users can
gain access to a Wi-Fi network which in turn connects to the Internet.
Wireless service
Telephone, Internet, data, and other services provided to customers
through the transmission of signals over networks of radio towers.
Wireless service provider
Provider of wireless service (see above).
Wireless
Any means of electronic data transfer using electromagnetic means, most
telecommunications
commonly radio waves.
WISP
Wireless ISP: A company that provides end users with wireless access to
the Internet, most commonly by using radio spectrum designated for
unlicensed use.
WLAN
Wireless local area network: A WLAN uses radio waves to connect user
devices to a local area network (LAN), thereby extending an existing
wired LAN.

.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010 84

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Publication: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010

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Document Outline

  • report0610_draft_25FEB11_plus TOC_maps.pdf
    • maps_022211.pdf
      • res_fixed_hs_subratio_022211_022511
      • res_fixed_btop_subratio_022211_022511
      • total_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_022211_022511
      • total_providers_tmw_022211_022511
  • IAS_data section_draft_11MAR11.pdf
    • maps_022211.pdf
      • res_fixed_hs_subratio_022211_022511
      • res_fixed_btop_subratio_022211_022511
      • total_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_022211_022511
      • total_providers_tmw_022211_022511
  • IAS_data section_draft_11MAR11.pdf
    • maps_022211.pdf
      • res_fixed_hs_subratio_022211_022511
      • res_fixed_btop_subratio_022211_022511
      • total_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_022211_022511
      • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_022211_022511
      • total_providers_tmw_022211_022511

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