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FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services

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Released: October 7, 2011



Internet Access Services:

Status as of December 31, 2010








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
October 2011


















This report is available for reference in the FCC's Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.








Table of Contents


Introduction..............................................................................................................................................1


Connection speeds....................................................................................................................................2

Figure 1(a) Distribution of Reportable Connections by Downstream Speed................................3
Figure 1(b) Distribution of Reportable Connections by Upstream Speed.....................................4
Figure 2(a) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with
Downstream
Speed Below 3 mbps .............................................................................5
Figure 2(b) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with
Downstream
Speed
at
Least
3 mbps but Below 6 mbps.............................................6
Figure 2(c) Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with
Downstream
Speed
at Least 6 mbps ...........................................................................7

Providers by census tract by connection speed....................................................................................8

Figure 3(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
Report
Residential
Fixed-Location
Connections of Various Speeds .........................8
Figure 3(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
Report
Residential
Fixed-Location
Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service
of
Various Speeds ........................................................................................................9

A decade of Internet access adoption. .................................................................................................10

Figure 4
Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2010...................................................................10

Other report highlights .........................................................................................................................11

Residential subscribership ................................................................................................................11
Household adoption by speed tier ....................................................................................................11
Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections...................................12
Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics ..........................................................12
Maps of providers by census tract ....................................................................................................12

Remainder of the report .......................................................................................................................12

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation..........................................................................................14

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States...........................................................................................34

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ............................................................51

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures....................................................................67

Technical Notes ......................................................................................................................................81

Glossary ..................................................................................................................................................84

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 i

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010


Introduction.

This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits
per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on December 31, 2010, as
collected by FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet
access services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by
telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service
providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1

Notable developments during 2010 include:

Internet connections overall are growing. The number of connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction increased by 28% in 2010 to nearly 169 million.

Growth is particularly high in mobile Internet subscriptions, but fixed-location connections also
continue to increase. The number of mobile subscriptions exceeded 84 million by December
2010 up 63% for the year. The number of fixed-location connections increased by 6% to over
84 million at year's end.

Both fixed and mobile services are shifting to higher speeds. By the end of 2010, 53% of fixed-
location connections and 13% of mobile subscriptions were at speeds at or above the availability
benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report, up from 49% and 4%
respectively at the end of 2009.

The report reflects the Commission's efforts to improve the way it collects, uses, and disseminates data by
focusing in detail on reported connection speeds. Before presenting that information, we note two
important points about the Form 477 data.

First, the data track subscribership, or adoption, of services of different speeds; they do not
directly measure the availability of services of different speeds. That is, if service connections of
different speeds are available to a particular consumer for purchase from one or more suppliers
then only the purchased connection is counted by Form 477.

Second, the reported connection speed is typically based on the advertised speed of the purchased
service, such as the advertised "up to" speed of a wired service or the advertised range of "typical
speeds" of a mobile wireless service. It is possible that the purchased service will not operate at
its advertised speed at all times.2


1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.
2 The Commission has worked in partnership with a third-party measurement company, SamKnows, to test actual
consumer broadband speeds. See, e.g., Federal Communications Commission, Office of Engineering and
Technology and Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, Measuring Broadband America: A Report on
Consumer Wireline Broadband Performance in the U.S.
(August 2011), available at http://www.fcc.gov/measuring-
broadband-america.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 1

This is the fifth report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and
counties, as well as subscribership differences among the states.3 And we continue to illustrate
correlations of subscribership and demographic measures.

Connection speeds.
The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed tiers
defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview discussion,
we organize the extensive information collected for December 2010 into three groups of downstream
speeds and three groups of upstream speeds. For the breakpoints between these groups, we use the Form
477-defined breakpoints that the Commission discussed as potential proxies for the broadband availability
benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.4 These Form 477-defined breakpoints
are 3 mbps and 6 mbps for downstream speeds and 768 kbps and 1.5 mbps for upstream speeds.5


3 The Form 477 program began collecting state-level data in 2000. Census tract-level data were first collected in
December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of
December 31, 2008
(February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in the Form 477 data
should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
4 The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download
Internet content at 4 megabits per second (mbps) and to upload Internet content at 1 mbps over the service
provider's network. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All
Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to
Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN Docket
Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, para. 11 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).
5 See Sixth Broadband Deployment Report, 25 FCC Rcd at 9568, para. 20. As explained there, the Commission
decided to evaluate the evidence of broadband availability using the Form 477-defined speed breakpoints of 3 mbps
downstream and 768 kbps upstream.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 2

Figure 1(a) illustrates how the connections reported for December 2010 were distributed across the three
ranges of downstream speed defined by breakpoints at 3 mbps and at 6 mbps.


Figure 1(a)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (168,879,000) by

Downstream Speed as of December 31, 2010


32%
10%
58%
Downstream Speed 6 mbps (53,820,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps (17,187,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps (97,873,000 connections)


At year-end 2010, 58% of reportable connections (or 97.9 million connections) were slower than
3 mbps in the downstream direction, 10% (or 17.2 million connections) were at least 3 mbps in
the downstream direction but slower than 6 mbps, and 32% (or 53.8 million connections) were at
least 6 mbps in the downstream direction.6

Mobile wireless connections slower than 3 mbps in the downstream direction increased by 15%
(from 63.4 to 73.1 million) between June 2010 and December 2010 while the number of fixed
connections slower than 3 mbps decreased by 8% (from 26.8 to 24.8 million). Total (fixed and
mobile) connections slower than 3 mbps downstream increased by 8% (or 7.6 million
connections) over the six months while connections of all reportable speeds increased by 13% (or
19.3 million connections).


6 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of all reportable connections (fixed and mobile) is summarized more
concisely in Chart 1. Chart 2 provides connection-speed detail for fixed connections. Chart 5 provides connection-
speed detail for mobile wireless connections.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 3

Figure 1(b) illustrates how the connections reported for December 2010 were distributed across the three
ranges of upstream speed defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 mbps.


Figure 1(b)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (168,879,000) by

Upstream Speed as of December 31, 2010


24%
19%
57%
Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (31,986,000 connections)
768 kbps Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (40,511,000 connections)
Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (96,383,000 connections)


At year-end 2010, 57% of reportable connections (or 96.4 million connections) were slower than
768 kbps in the upstream direction, 24% (or 40.5 million connections) were at least 768 kbps in
the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 mbps, and 19% (or 32.0 million connections) were at
least 1.5 mbps in the upstream direction.

Mobile wireless connections slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction increased by 4%
(from 58.6 to 60.9 million) between June 2010 and December 2010 while the number of fixed
connections slower than 768 kbps decreased by 2% (from 36.1 to 35.5 million). Total (fixed and
mobile) connections slower than 768 kbps upstream increased by 2% (or 1.7 million connections)
over the six months while connections of all reportable speeds increased by 13% (or 19.3 million
connections).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 4

In Figures 2(a) 2(c), we sequentially review the upstream speeds of the connections that fall into each of
the three downstream-speed groupings that we illustrated in Figure 1(a).


Figure 2(a)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (97,873,000) with

Downstream Speed Below 3 mbps as of December 31, 2010

0.5%
9.5%
58%
32%
48.0%
10%
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (764,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed <1.5 mbps (15,983,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (81,125,000 connections)


At year-end 2010, about 48% of reportable connections (or 81.1 million connections) were slower
than 3 mbps in the downstream direction and also slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction.

Additionally, about 10% of reportable connections (or 16.7 million connections) were fast enough
in the upstream direction (at least 768 kbps) but too slow in the downstream direction (less than 3
mbps) to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment
Report
.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 5

Figure 2(b)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (17,187,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 3 mbps but Below 6 mbps as of December 31, 2010

0.8%
58%
4.6%
10%
4.7%
32%
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (1,431,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (7,776,000 connections)
3 mbps Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (7,980,000 connections)


At year-end 2010, about 5% of reportable connections (or 8.0 million connections) were at least 3
mbps but below 6 mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the
upstream direction. These purchased connections are too slow in the upstream direction to meet
the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 6

Figure 2(c)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (53,820,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 6 mbps as of December 31, 2010

10%
17.6%
32%
58%
9.9%
4.3%
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed 1.5 mbps (29,790,000 connections)
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- 768 Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (16,752,000 connections)
Downstream Speed 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (7,278,000 connections)


At year-end 2010, about 4% of reportable connections (or 7.3 million connections) were at least 6
mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction.
These purchased connections also are too slow in the upstream direction to meet the broadband
availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.

In sum, 67% of reportable Internet access service connections (or 113.1 million connections) in
December 2010 were too slow in both the downstream and upstream directions, or too slow in a
single direction, to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband
Deployment Report
. About 48% of reportable connections (or 81.1 million connections) were too
slow in both directions, about 10% (or 16.7 million connections) were too slow in the
downstream direction only, and about 9% (or 15.3 million connections) were too slow in the
upstream direction only.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 7

Providers by census tract by connection speed.

In earlier reports in which we summarized Form 477
data through June 2008, we included summary statistics for the percentage of 5-digit geographical ZIP
Codes in which differing numbers of providers (zero providers, one provider, two providers, etc.) had
customers for their reportable connections.7 The ZIP Code-based data did not include information about
the speeds of the connections that were purchased in particular ZIP Codes. However, the census tract-
level information collected on Form 477 since December 2008 does include the speeds of purchased
fixed-location connections.8 In Figure 3(a), we use that information to estimate the percentages of
households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers reported residential
fixed-location connections of several different speeds at year-end 2010.9


Figure 3(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2010

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
45
29
3
3
2 Providers
48
50
26
25
1 Provider
7
18
57
57
0 Providers
0
3
14
15

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.


7 For the most recent such report, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008 (July
2009) (June 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
8 Mobile wireless providers report the number of service subscriptions they have sold, and the speeds of those
service subscriptions, at the state level only. For individual census tracts, they report the speeds of mobile wireless
service subscriptions that they offer for sale that is, the capability of the network that they operate in the census
tract.
9 A provider who reports residential connections of a particular speed in a particular census tract may or may not
offer service of that speed everywhere in the census tract.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 8

In Figure 3(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported
residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or operated a mobile wireless network capable
of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds.


Figure 3(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2010

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
81
72
42
3
2 Providers
16
18
21
25
1 Provider
3
9
26
57
0 Providers
0
2
11
15

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 9

Internet access adoption.

The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data
about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one
direction for more than a decade. Figure 4 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access
connections (that is, all reportable connections except mobile wireless connections) since 1999.10

Figure 4

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2010

90,000
100
80,000
90
80
70,000
s
s
70
60,000
sand
ou
h

60
100 Unit

T

50,000
50
40,000
i
o
ns in

ions per
ect
40
n 30,000

Con

30

Connect

20,000
20
10,000
10
0
0
99
00
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
07
09
10
20
20
003
004
009
010
n 2
n 2005
n 2006
20
n 2
n 2
Dec 19Jun Dec 20Jun Dec 2001
Jun 2002
Dec 20Ju
Dec 20 Jun 20Dec 2 Ju
Dec 20Ju
Dec 20Jun Dec 20 Jun 2008
Dec 2008
Ju
Dec 20Ju
Dec 20
Residential Fixed Connections (left axis)
Total Fixed Connections (left axis)
Residential Fixed Connections per 100 Households (right axis)
Total Fixed Connections per 100 Population (right axis)



In the decade between December 2000 and December 2010, total (business and residential)
reportable fixed-location connections grew from 7 million connections to 84 million connections
at a compound annual growth rate of 29% per year.

In the same decade, residential fixed-location connections grew from 5 million connections to 77
million connections at a compound annual growth rate of 31% per year.

Between 2000 and 2010, household adoption which we track in Figure 4 by comparing the
number of residential fixed-location connections to the number of households increased from 3
connections per 100 households to 63 connections per 100 households.11,12

10 Reportable connections for December 1999 through June 2005 are summarized in our report High-Speed Services
for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008
(July 2009), Tables 1 and 2, available in Excel format at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. The more recent data are discussed later in this report.
11 We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in
Figure 4, which is a statistic routinely reported by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). This ratio incorporates connections to business locations into a comparison to persons. A more accurately

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 10


Other report highlights.


Residential subscribership


Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
increased by 2% during the second half of 2010, to 77 million. See Table 3.

Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for
full Internet access increased by 21%, to 63 million, during the second half of 2010. See Table 3.

The reported data show a 10% increase between June 2010 and December 2010 in the number of
residential fixed-location connections that are at least 6 mbps downstream and 1.5 mbps upstream
(from 22.3 million to 24.6 million) and an 11% increase in the number of connections that are at
least 10 mbps downstream and 1.5 mbps upstream (from 21.8 million to 24.2 million). See Chart
12.13

Household adoption by speed tier


As a national average in December 2010, there were 35 residential fixed-location connections per
100 households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 mbps downstream
and 768 kbps upstream. That was slightly more than half as large as the ratio for residential
fixed-location connections of any reportable speed.14 See Tables 15 and 16.


measured indicator of this type would include only connections to residential locations, but OECD does not have
comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections in the member countries. (We note that the
ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to population has a maximum value for any
given country and point in time the value when every household is connected if we assume that no household
would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the United States in June 2010, for example, the
maximum value would be 38 because there were about 119.7 million households in the United States and inhabited
insular areas and a population of about 313.2 million.)
12 For consistency of presentation, we include only mid-year ratios in Figure 4. We calculated total fixed
connections per 100 population using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto
Rico which are as of July 1 each year and Census 2000 population for the remaining inhabited insular areas. We
calculated residential fixed connections per 100 households using U.S. household estimates from the Census
Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS) for July of each year and Census 2000 households for the inhabited
insular areas. (The CPS also estimates U.S. households for March and November of each year.)
13 Using revised data that were filed after our most recent report was released, the increases over the preceding six-
month period, from December 2009 to June 2010, had been 12% (from 19.8 to 22.3 million) and 12% (from 19.5 to
21.8 million), respectively.
14 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing
shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the "take rate" of offered service
because, as discussed in connection with Figure 3(a), some households are located in areas where apparently no
fixed-location service is offered (as none is purchased).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 11

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of December 31, 2010.
Our estimates continue to indicate that there are substantial areas of relatively low and relatively
high household adoption around the national average. See Charts 15 and 16.

For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of
households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. These results suggest that
some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal
evidence supports that conclusion.15

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics


The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or
adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household
density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are
correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract. These maps are
similar to previously published maps of providers by ZIP Code, but differ in important respects.
In particular, instead of a single map combining providers of connections over all technologies
and to both residential and business end users, now separate maps depict: (1) providers of total
(combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of
residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location
connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making
reportable mobile wireless service available.16

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight
different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,
as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report
are available online at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-14 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:
number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of
providers.

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 15-24 present comparable information for the
individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different
speeds.


15 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find
situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.
16 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census
tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 12

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 25-29
present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes
with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected
households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the
correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic
measures.
* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached
customer response form or sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: December 2010
Internet services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data
collection.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 13

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation


Contents of this section

Number of connections


Table 1
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010.....................................16
Table 2
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010...............16
Table 3
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010 .................16
Table 4
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps
Upstream
2008-2010 ...........................................................................................................16

Speed of connections


Chart 1
Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of
December 31, 2010..............................................................................................................17
Chart 2
Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................18
Chart 3
Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................19
Chart 4
Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2010.....................................................................................20
Chart 5
Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2010.....................................................................................21
Table 5
Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of December 31, 2010...........22
Table 6
Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of
December 31, 2010..............................................................................................................23

Technology of connections


Table 7
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010...........24
Chart 6
Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010 ......................................................24
Table 8
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology
2006-2010 ............................................................................................................................25
Chart 7
Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010...................................25

Connections by speed and technology


Table 9
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
by
Technology 2008-2010...................................................................................................26
Chart 8
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2010 ...........................................................................26
Table 10
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
by
Technology 2008-2010...................................................................................................27
Chart 9
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2010 ...........................................................................27
Chart 10
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2005-2010

(Shares of selected technologies) ........................................................................................28
Chart 11
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(Net adds for selected technologies) ...................................................................................28
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 14

Chart 12
Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) ........................................................29
Table 11
Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................30
Chart 13
Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................30
Table 12
Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2010 ............................31
Table 13
Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2010 .........32

Number of providers


Table 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010 ........................................................33
Chart 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction: Selected Technologies 2006-2010 ..........................................33


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 15

1

Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
82,525
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
116,374
131,604
149,531
168,879
Total Fixed
60,238
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
77,979
79,962
81,742
84,482
Mobile Wireless1
22,288
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
38,395
51,642
67,789
84,397




Table 2

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
31,120
33,327
41,036
45,549
55,749
Total Fixed
30,987
33,103
38,958
41,361
44,671
Mobile Wireless1
133
224
2,078
4,188
11,078




Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
58,344
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
100,574
112,868
127,186
139,837
Total Fixed
55,652
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,493
73,366
75,232
76,883
Mobile Wireless1
2,692
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
29,081
39,503
51,954
62,954




Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
29,127
31,352
38,772
42,240
47,828
Total Fixed
29,013
31,157
36,840
39,034
41,747
Mobile Wireless1
114
196
1,932
3,206
6,081





1 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 16

2

Chart 1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2010
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.3%
9.9%
>= 1.5 mbps
17.6%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.8%
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
48.0%
4.6%
< 768 kbps
4.7%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
9.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 58.0%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 10.2%
>= 6 mbps; 31.9%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
81,125
7,980
7,278
96,383
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
15,983
7,776
16,752
40,511
At least 1.5 mbps
764
1,431
29,790
31,986
Total
97,873
17,187
53,820
168,879

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
48.0
4.7
4.3
57.1
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
9.5
4.6
9.9
24.0
At least 1.5 mbps
0.5
0.8
17.6
18.9
Total
58.0
10.2
31.9
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 17

3

Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2010
< 768 kbps
8.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
15.6%
< 768 kbps
24.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
< 768 kbps
4.5%
9.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
>= 1.5 mbps
0.7%
30.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
>= 1.5 mbps
6.1%
0.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 29.3%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 15.8%
>= 6 mbps; 54.9%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
20,416
7,773
7,262
35,451
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,782
5,149
13,140
22,070
At least 1.5 mbps
579
394
25,988
26,961
Total
24,777
13,316
46,390
84,482

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
24.2
9.2
8.6
42.0
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.5
6.1
15.6
26.1
At least 1.5 mbps
0.7
0.5
30.8
31.9
Total
29.3
15.8
54.9
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 18

4

Chart 3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2010
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
9.4%
< 768 kbps
5.1%
>= 1.5 mbps
20.1%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.8%
< 768 kbps
47.2%
< 768 kbps
4.8%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
8.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 55.9%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 9.5%
>= 6 mbps; 34.7%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
66,007
6,760
7,149
79,916
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
11,829
5,360
13,202
30,391
At least 1.5 mbps
263
1,138
28,129
29,530
Total
78,100
13,257
48,480
139,837

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
47.2
4.8
5.1
57.1
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
8.5
3.8
9.4
21.7
At least 1.5 mbps
0.2
0.8
20.1
21.1
Total
55.9
9.5
34.7
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 19

5

Chart 4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2010
< 768 kbps
9.3%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
< 768 kbps
4.4%
23.3%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.1%
< 768 kbps
8.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
16.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
5.8%
>= 1.5 mbps
>= 1.5 mbps
0.3%
32.0%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 27.9%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 14.6%
>= 6 mbps; 57.5%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
17,942
6,562
7,133
31,637
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,408
4,430
12,491
20,330
At least 1.5 mbps
91
238
24,588
24,917
Total
21,441
11,230
44,212
76,883

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
23.3
8.5
9.3
41.1
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.4
5.8
16.2
26.4
At least 1.5 mbps
0.1
0.3
32.0
32.4
Total
27.9
14.6
57.5
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 20

6


Chart 5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2010
< 768 kbps
71.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.3%
>= 1.5 mbps
4.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
1.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.1%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
14.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 86.6%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 4.6%
>= 6 mbps; 8.8%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
60,709
207
16
60,932
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
12,201
2,627
3,612
18,440
At least 1.5 mbps
185
1,037
3,802
5,025
Total
73,096
3,871
7,430
84,397

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
71.9
0.2
0.0
72.2
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
14.5
3.1
4.3
21.8
At least 1.5 mbps
0.2
1.2
4.5
6.0
Total
86.6
4.6
8.8
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 21

7

Table 5

Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of December 31, 2010

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3 At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps 100 mbps 100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
8,039
3,012
8,157
70
2
#
0
0
19,280

% Residential
69
95
54
92
98
99
0
0
67
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
18,075
27,978
15,864
7,910
5,987
1,289
#
0
77,103

% Residential
76
90
90
85
98
99
15
0
87
At least 768 and less then 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
1
7,818
8,164
7,776
10,625
6,125
*
*
40,511

% Residential
93
84
64
69
68
98
73
0
75
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
*
#
764
1,215
4,093
18,997
71
*
25,141

% Residential
29
83
34
85
93
95
99
30
93
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
0
216
82
3,921
455
*
4,675

% Residential
100
0
0
46
58
96
81
100
92
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
0
*
0
0
60
3
#
*
62

% Residential
0
0
0
0
57
66
94
0
58
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
1,399
133
*
1,538

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
92
82
26
91
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
529
*
529

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
89
0
89
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
41
41

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
13
Total
Total Connections
26,114
38,808
32,950
17,187
20,849
31,734
1,189
48
168,879

% Residential
74
89
73
77
82
96
86
17
83

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 22

8

Table 6

Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of December 31, 2010

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3 At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps 100 mbps 100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
1,528
2,153
162
70
2
#
0
0
3,914

% Residential
82
95
53
92
98
99
0
0
89
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
1,981
5,761
8,832
7,703
*
1,289
#
*
31,536

% Residential
87
91
86
84
98
99
15
0
89
At least 768 and less then 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
1
599
3,182
5,149
*
6,125
2
*
22,070

% Residential
93
76
93
86
93
98
73
0
92
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
*
#
579
178
*
18,997
71
*
20,178

% Residential
29
83
16
78
90
95
99
30
93
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
0
*
*
3,921
455
*
4,614

% Residential
100
0
0
46
44
96
81
100
92
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
0
*
0
0
60
3
#
*
62

% Residential
0
0
0
0
57
66
94
0
58
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
1,399
133
*
1,538

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
92
82
26
91
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
529
*
529

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
89
0
89
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
41
41

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
13
Total
Total Connections
3,509
8,513
12,754
13,316
13,419
31,734
1,189
48
84,482

% Residential
85
91
84
84
95
96
86
17
91

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 23

9

Table 7

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
82,525
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
116,374
131,604
149,531
168,879
Total Fixed
60,238
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
77,979
79,962
81,742
84,482
aDSL
25,413
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,618
30,973
30,743
31,457
sDSL
345
320
293
275
241
217
225
191
171
Other Wireline
545
622
605
665
705
684
714
750
788
Cable Modem
31,982
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,427
43,923
45,311
FTTP1
894
1,281
1,849
2,346
2,884
3,543
3,975
4,436
4,988
Satellite
572
669
791
869
938
990
1,116
1,144
1,176
Fixed Wireless
483
587
707
808
485
488
527
551
586
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
Mobile Wireless2
22,288
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
38,395
51,642
67,789
84,397

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 6

Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010

FTTP
3.0%
Cable Modem
aDSL
26.8%
18.6%
All Other
1.6%
Mobile Wireless
50.0%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 24

10

Table 8

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2006-2010

(In thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
58,344
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
100,574
112,868
127,186
139,837
Total Fixed
55,652
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,493
73,366
75,232
76,883
aDSL
22,768
24,962
26,475
26,950
26,488
27,035
27,389
27,475
27,456
sDSL
105
105
82
81
74
71
85
65
57
Other Wireline
13
12
17
32
42
44
51
56
70
Cable Modem
31,118
33,336
35,341
36,901
38,681
39,909
40,860
42,177
43,272
FTTP1
764
1,153
1,683
2,139
2,717
3,344
3,754
4,180
4,699
Satellite
456
530
626
705
630
668
767
787
811
Fixed Wireless
424
523
644
741
410
417
454
486
512
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
Mobile Wireless2
2,692
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
29,081
39,503
51,954
62,954

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.







Chart 7

Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010

FTTP
3.4%
Cable Modem
30.9%
aDSL
19.6%
All Other
1.0%
Mobile Wireless
45.0%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 25

11


Table 9

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
31,120
33,327
41,036
45,549
55,749
Total Fixed
30,987
33,103
38,958
41,361
44,671
aDSL
5,403
5,614
6,391
6,277
7,305
sDSL
5
9
19
13
14
Other Wireline
121
128
149
176
208
Cable Modem
22,708
23,958
28,581
30,616
32,318
FTTP1
2,694
3,328
3,734
4,186
4,719
Satellite
#
#
#
#
#
Fixed Wireless
54
64
82
92
104
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
3
Mobile Wireless2
133
224
2,078
4,188
11,078

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 8

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2010
FTTP
8.5%
aDSL
13.1%
All Other
0.6%
Cable Modem
58.0%
Mobile Wireless
19.9%


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 26

12

Table 10

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2010

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
29,127
31,352
38,772
42,240
47,828
Total Fixed
29,013
31,157
36,840
39,034
41,747
aDSL
4,613
4,895
5,635
5,559
6,423
sDSL
1
2
10
2
2
Other Wireline
10
11
18
19
33
Cable Modem
21,776
23,025
27,546
29,398
30,723
FTTP1
2,571
3,174
3,561
3,977
4,477
Satellite
0
0
0
0
0
Fixed Wireless
42
50
68
77
86
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
3
Mobile Wireless2
114
196
1,932
3,206
6,081

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.








Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2010
FTTP
9.4%
aDSL
13.4%
All Other
0.3%
Cable Modem
64.2%
Mobile Wireless
12.7%



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 27

13

Chart 10

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2005-2010

(Shares of selected technologies)
100
40.5
40.9
41.2
40.8
39.9
38.4
37.8
37.3
36.5
35.7
90
s
80
e
c
t
i
on

nn
o

70
6.1
5.6
3.9
4.7
5.1
i
x
e
d C

60
2.6
3.2
57.0
55.9
56.0
55.8
55.7
56.1
56.3
55.0
54.5
54.6
t
i
a
l
F

n
50
e
s
i
de

R
40
of
a
ge

30
e
r
c
e
nt

P

20
10
0
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed




Chart 11

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2010

(Net adds for selected technologies)
5000
4223
4000
a
nds

3340
3707
hous
T

3000
2412
i
n

2179
2000
c
t
i
ons

onne
1035
1037
919
945

C

1000
902
12
66
0
Dec 2006 to
Dec 2007 to
Dec 2008 to
Dec 2009 to
Dec 2007
Dec 2008
Dec 2009
Dec 2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 28

14

Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)
Connections
76,883
71,685
55,375
41,747
24,588
24,227
100
1.9
6.5
8.2
10.7
17.2
17.3
6.1
56.3
59.0
71.0
90
73.6
82.3
82.4
80
70
ds
e
hol

us
o

60
of H
ge
ta

50
e
r
c
e
n

d P
40
a
te

35.7
s
ti
m

33.6

E

30
20
20.6
15.4
10
0
Over 200 kbps in at
At least 768 kbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
least one direction
downstream and over
downstream and over
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 29

15

Table 11

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of December 31, 2010
(In thousands)

At Most
Over
200 kbps
200 kbps
Upstream or
Upstream and
less than
at least
768 kbps
768 kbps
Technology
Downstream
Downstream
Total
aDSL
3,359
24,097
27,456
sDSL
25
32
57
Other Wireline
3
68
70
Cable Modem
963
42,309
43,272
FTTP
17
4,682
4,699
Satellite
714
96
811
Fixed Wireless
114
399
512
Mobile Wireless
21,414
41,540
62,954
Power Line and Other
3
3
6
Total
26,612
113,225
139,837

# = Rounds to Zero.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.




Chart 13

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of December 31, 2010
FTTP
4.1%
aDSL
21.3%
Cable Modem
37.4%
All Other
0.5%
Mobile Wireless
36.7%
Note: The BTOP/BIP definition is advertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 30

16

Table 12

Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2010

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download Download Download Download Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
910
1,034
1,944
1,713
5,152
9,333
9,835
2,631
806
41
29,513
31,457
sDSL
0
0
0
63
60
35
10
2
*
*
171
171
Other Wireline
0
0
0
57
79
444
122
19
27
39
788
788
Cable Modem
115
821
937
51
848
2,301
2,939
10,643
27,045
547
44,375
45,311
FTTP
*
*
6
16
54
117
235
109
3,844
607
4,982
4,988
Satellite
*
*
974
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
202
1,176
Fixed Wireless
38
16
54
75
152
182
98
13
11
2
531
586
Mobile Wireless
6,511
8,855
15,366
16,094
29,435
12,200
3,871
7,430
0
0
69,031
84,397
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
6
6
Total
8,039
11,242
19,280
18,076
35,796
24,793
17,117
20,847
31,734
1,237
149,599
168,879

Percentages

aDSL
2.9
3.3
6.2
5.4
16.4
29.7
31.3
8.4
2.6
0.1
93.8
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
36.6
34.8
20.6
6.1
1.1
*
*
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.3
10.1
56.3
15.5
2.4
3.5
5.0
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.3
1.8
2.1
0.1
1.9
5.1
6.5
23.5
59.7
1.2
97.9
100.0
FTTP
*
*
0.1
0.3
1.1
2.4
4.7
2.2
77.1
12.2
99.9
100.0
Satellite
*
*
82.8
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
17.2
100.0
Fixed Wireless
6.5
2.8
9.3
12.8
25.9
31.0
16.7
2.2
1.8
0.4
90.7
100.0
Mobile Wireless
7.7
10.5
18.2
19.1
34.9
14.5
4.6
8.8
0.0
0.0
81.8
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
*
*
100.0
100.0
Total
4.8
6.7
11.4
10.7
21.2
14.7
10.1
12.3
18.8
0.7
88.6
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 31

17

Table 13

Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2010

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download Download Download Download Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps 1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
808
964
1,772
1,587
4,642
8,066
8,239
2,382
729
37
25,683
27,456
sDSL
0
0
0
25
24
5
1
1
*
*
57
57
Other Wireline
0
0
0
3
6
28
31
1
#
#
70
70
Cable Modem
107
819
927
36
819
2,192
2,593
10,237
26,023
444
42,346
43,272
FTTP
*
*
5
12
44
91
213
99
3,689
545
4,694
4,699
Satellite
*
*
712
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
99
811
Fixed Wireless
35
15
50
63
134
161
84
10
9
#
462
512
Mobile Wireless
4,305
5,090
9,394
12,019
26,095
9,150
2,028
4,268
0
0
53,559
62,954
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
6
6
Total
5,565
7,296
12,860
13,751
31,778
19,777
13,193
17,000
30,451
1,027
126,976
139,837

Percentages

aDSL
2.9
3.5
6.5
5.8
16.9
29.4
30.0
8.7
2.7
0.1
93.5
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
43.9
42.2
9.6
2.6
1.5
*
*
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.9
8.6
39.9
44.7
1.7
0.6
0.6
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.2
1.9
2.1
0.1
1.9
5.1
6.0
23.7
60.1
1.0
97.9
100.0
FTTP
*
*
0.1
0.3
0.9
1.9
4.5
2.1
78.5
11.6
99.9
100.0
Satellite
*
*
87.8
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
12.2
100.0
Fixed Wireless
6.9
3.0
9.8
12.4
26.2
31.4
16.4
2.0
1.7
0.1
90.2
100.0
Mobile Wireless
6.8
8.1
14.9
19.1
41.5
14.5
3.2
6.8
0.0
0.0
85.1
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
*
*
100.0
100.0
Total
4.0
5.2
9.2
9.8
22.7
14.1
9.4
12.2
21.8
0.7
90.8
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 32

18

Table 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2006-2010


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
aDSL
858
864
856
863
881
876
862
874
865
sDSL
257
242
233
238
264
257
261
251
248
Other Wireline
256
246
250
259
292
283
273
267
270
Cable Modem
279
282
292
296
342
351
343
343
354
FTTP
222
251
276
308
432
461
483
509
544
Satellite
5
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
4
Fixed Wireless
505
484
514
505
620
621
607
623
639
Mobile Wireless
24
19
22
24
47
48
51
55
57
Power Line and Other
6
6
7
6
5
6
6
5
7
Total
1,396
1,374
1,399
1,395
1,562
1,550
1,523
1,531
1,556

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.






Chart 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2006-2010

900
800
700
r
s
600
i
de

r
ov
P
500
r
of
e
400
b

Num

300
200
100
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Mobile Wireless






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 33

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States


Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates


Table 15
Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband

Availability Target) and Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 kbps up)..................35
Table 16
Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................36

End users of connections


Table 17
Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................37

Connections by speed and technology


Table 18
Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................38
Table 19
Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream)..................................40
Table 20
Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................42

Connections for selected technologies


Table 21
ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................44
Table 22
Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................46

Number of providers


Table 23
Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)........................................................48

Reported availability for selected technologies


Table 24
Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by State as of December 31, 2010: xDSL Availability

Where ILECs Offer Local Telephone Service and Cable Modem Availability

Where Cable Systems Offer Cable TV Service..................................................................50


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 34

19

Table 15

Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband Availability Target)

and Households by State as of December 31, 2010
(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 up and households, in thousands)
Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
389
1,867
0.21
Alaska
*
252
*
American Samoa
0
9
0.00
Arizona
988
2,464
0.40
Arkansas
202
1,144
0.18
California
5,137
12,634
0.41
Colorado
988
1,978
0.50
Connecticut
658
1,358
0.48
Delaware
210
343
0.61
District of Columbia
137
270
0.51
Florida
2,883
7,344
0.39
Georgia
1,104
3,697
0.30
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
85
575
0.15
Illinois
1,588
4,803
0.33
Indiana
760
2,493
0.30
Iowa
194
1,197
0.16
Kansas
251
1,101
0.23
Kentucky
511
1,718
0.30
Louisiana
466
1,694
0.28
Maine
104
539
0.19
Maryland
1,304
2,158
0.60
Massachusetts
1,640
2,568
0.64
Michigan
1,369
3,808
0.36
Minnesota
792
2,046
0.39
Mississippi
124
1,098
0.11
Missouri
479
2,374
0.20
Montana
118
394
0.30
Nebraska
230
709
0.32
Nevada
337
1,008
0.33
New Hampshire
267
513
0.52
New Jersey
2,194
3,192
0.69
New Mexico
218
759
0.29
New York
3,316
7,339
0.45
North Carolina
438
3,737
0.12
North Dakota
90
262
0.34
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
758
4,540
0.17
Oklahoma
332
1,455
0.23
Oregon
694
1,522
0.46
Pennsylvania
2,275
4,927
0.46
Puerto Rico
*
1,262
*
Rhode Island
*
410
*
South Carolina
306
1,783
0.17
South Dakota
120
317
0.38
Tennessee
725
2,511
0.29
Texas
2,046
8,977
0.23
Utah
390
894
0.44
Vermont
125
248
0.50
Virgin Islands
*
41
*
Virginia
1,652
3,052
0.54
Washington
1,321
2,615
0.51
West Virginia
205
747
0.27
Wisconsin
502
2,220
0.23
Wyoming
80
219
0.37
Total
41,747
117,671
0.35

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 35

20

Table 16

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
990
1,867
0.53
Alaska
176
252
0.70
American Samoa
*
9
*
Arizona
1,653
2,464
0.67
Arkansas
574
1,144
0.50
California
9,131
12,634
0.72
Colorado
1,405
1,978
0.71
Connecticut
1,023
1,358
0.75
Delaware
250
343
0.73
District of Columbia
180
270
0.67
Florida
5,194
7,344
0.71
Georgia
2,192
3,697
0.59
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
331
575
0.58
Illinois
3,104
4,803
0.65
Indiana
1,493
2,493
0.60
Iowa
759
1,197
0.63
Kansas
712
1,101
0.65
Kentucky
962
1,718
0.56
Louisiana
951
1,694
0.56
Maine
372
539
0.69
Maryland
1,554
2,158
0.72
Massachusetts
1,933
2,568
0.75
Michigan
2,336
3,808
0.61
Minnesota
1,359
2,046
0.66
Mississippi
486
1,098
0.44
Missouri
1,392
2,374
0.59
Montana
239
394
0.61
Nebraska
465
709
0.66
Nevada
635
1,008
0.63
New Hampshire
391
513
0.76
New Jersey
2,501
3,192
0.78
New Mexico
431
759
0.57
New York
5,254
7,339
0.72
North Carolina
2,396
3,737
0.64
North Dakota
176
262
0.67
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
2,936
4,540
0.65
Oklahoma
811
1,455
0.56
Oregon
986
1,522
0.65
Pennsylvania
3,374
4,927
0.68
Puerto Rico
501
1,262
0.40
Rhode Island
296
410
0.72
South Carolina
1,047
1,783
0.59
South Dakota
200
317
0.63
Tennessee
1,315
2,511
0.52
Texas
5,436
8,977
0.61
Utah
607
894
0.68
Vermont
173
248
0.70
Virgin Islands
13
41
0.32
Virginia
2,039
3,052
0.67
Washington
1,782
2,615
0.68
West Virginia
397
747
0.53
Wisconsin
1,447
2,220
0.65
Wyoming
135
219
0.62
Total
76,883
117,671
0.65

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 36

21

Table 17

Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


Connections
Percentages

State
Residential
Business
Residential
Business
Total
Alabama
1,837
281
86.7
13.3
2,119
Alaska
393
58
87.2
12.8
451
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
2,799
464
85.8
14.2
3,264
Arkansas
1,152
166
87.4
12.6
1,318
California
18,044
3,454
83.9
16.1
21,498
Colorado
2,487
515
82.9
17.1
3,001
Connecticut
1,834
353
83.8
16.2
2,187
Delaware
431
79
84.5
15.5
509
District of Columbia
390
353
52.5
47.5
743
Florida
8,830
1,994
81.6
18.4
10,824
Georgia
4,174
1,076
79.5
20.5
5,250
Guam
43
7
85.9
14.1
50
Hawaii
734
101
87.9
12.1
835
Idaho
587
119
83.1
16.9
706
Illinois
5,674
1,481
79.3
20.7
7,155
Indiana
2,537
483
84.0
16.0
3,021
Iowa
1,140
211
84.4
15.6
1,351
Kansas
1,228
349
77.9
22.1
1,577
Kentucky
1,741
295
85.5
14.5
2,035
Louisiana
2,121
340
86.2
13.8
2,460
Maine
556
75
88.1
11.9
632
Maryland
2,887
574
83.4
16.6
3,461
Massachusetts
3,326
627
84.1
15.9
3,953
Michigan
3,629
1,037
77.8
22.2
4,665
Minnesota
2,272
536
80.9
19.1
2,808
Mississippi
1,230
162
88.4
11.6
1,392
Missouri
2,560
588
81.3
18.7
3,148
Montana
395
60
86.8
13.2
456
Nebraska
698
168
80.6
19.4
866
Nevada
1,319
240
84.6
15.4
1,559
New Hampshire
592
105
84.9
15.1
697
New Jersey
4,531
837
84.4
15.6
5,368
New Mexico
775
131
85.6
14.4
905
New York
9,417
1,749
84.3
15.7
11,166
North Carolina
3,963
848
82.4
17.6
4,811
North Dakota
278
51
84.5
15.5
329
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
4,766
1,031
82.2
17.8
5,797
Oklahoma
1,719
276
86.2
13.8
1,995
Oregon
1,793
329
84.5
15.5
2,122
Pennsylvania
5,671
1,024
84.7
15.3
6,695
Puerto Rico
1,073
126
89.5
10.5
1,198
Rhode Island
492
83
85.6
14.4
574
South Carolina
1,783
302
85.5
14.5
2,085
South Dakota
310
48
86.6
13.4
358
Tennessee
2,459
527
82.4
17.6
2,986
Texas
11,709
2,772
80.9
19.1
14,482
Utah
1,092
247
81.5
18.5
1,340
Vermont
257
48
84.3
15.7
304
Virgin Islands
50
13
79.3
20.7
63
Virginia
3,672
894
80.4
19.6
4,565
Washington
3,265
743
81.5
18.5
4,008
West Virginia
666
106
86.3
13.7
772
Wisconsin
2,225
465
82.7
17.3
2,690
Wyoming
225
39
85.4
14.6
263
Total
139,837
29,043
82.8
17.2
168,879

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 37

22

Table 18

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
523
5
12
535
6
*
2
1,005
*
2,119
Alaska
78
3
#
*
1
*
6
247
*
451
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
552
1
16
1,161
4
*
24
1,487
*
3,264
Arkansas
330
#
*
275
4
*
1
679
0
1,318
California
4,538
15
101
4,639
569
*
29
11,503
*
21,498
Colorado
663
2
*
787
6
*
41
1,459
0
3,001
Connecticut
*
2
6
673
3
*
*
1,073
0
2,187
Delaware
*
#
4
156
*
*
0
240
0
509
District of Columbia
*
1
5
*
5
*
*
538
0
743
Florida
2,070
2
*
3,292
336
*
4
5,007
0
10,824
Georgia
1,413
1
*
1,110
29
*
#
2,632
0
5,250
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
*
0
50
Hawaii
*
*
1
*
1
*
*
464
0
835
Idaho
181
#
*
145
2
*
23
340
0
706
Illinois
1,577
6
*
1,696
10
*
42
3,750
0
7,155
Indiana
754
3
10
728
76
*
31
1,392
*
3,021
Iowa
376
2
*
389
21
*
24
516
0
1,351
Kansas
271
1
*
441
28
*
22
794
0
1,577
Kentucky
473
4
*
530
10
*
6
984
0
2,035
Louisiana
396
2
*
584
30
*
3
1,408
0
2,460
Maine
125
4
*
269
2
*
3
222
0
632
Maryland
350
3
17
773
*
*
1
1,788
0
3,461
Massachusetts
*
4
17
1,343
*
*
2
1,863
0
3,953
Michigan
902
7
19
1,537
9
*
27
2,111
*
4,665
Minnesota
618
16
*
776
26
*
16
1,321
0
2,808
Mississippi
263
1
4
246
1
*
*
843
0
1,392
Missouri
846
1
*
603
9
*
13
1,615
0
3,148
Montana
119
1
2
119
4
*
14
*
0
456
Nebraska
169
1
*
309
6
*
19
353
0
866





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 38

23

Table 18 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Power
Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
242
1
6
*
2
*
3
865
0
1,559
New Hampshire
85
1
4
325
12
*
*
263
0
697
New Jersey
486
2
28
1,702
*
*
#
2,642
0
5,368
New Mexico
266
#
*
175
2
*
15
430
0
905
New York
957
11
43
4,013
*
*
2
5,455
0
11,166
North Carolina
995
1
*
1,554
16
*
1
2,184
0
4,811
North Dakota
69
1
*
101
20
*
6
128
0
329
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
1,177
6
17
1,895
29
*
24
2,615
*
5,797
Oklahoma
379
#
*
468
10
*
8
1,092
0
1,995
Oregon
359
5
*
608
76
*
11
1,036
0
2,122
Pennsylvania
1,143
6
26
1,983
*
*
1
3,053
*
6,695
Puerto Rico
*
*
5
*
#
*
*
652
0
1,198
Rhode Island
*
*
1
*
*
*
*
253
0
574
South Carolina
434
#
12
660
26
*
*
935
0
2,085
South Dakota
58
2
#
134
17
*
9
*
0
358
Tennessee
560
5
*
795
52
*
3
1,521
0
2,986
Texas
2,898
9
*
2,450
365
*
48
8,524
0
14,482
Utah
311
3
*
283
21
*
36
675
0
1,340
Vermont
85
#
3
97
4
*
*
107
0
304
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
63
Virginia
507
2
40
1,124
*
*
5
2,352
*
4,565
Washington
582
4
16
1,239
64
*
11
2,061
*
4,008
West Virginia
*
*
2
255
1
*
2
332
0
772
Wisconsin
646
16
8
846
12
*
23
1,111
*
2,690
Wyoming
59
2
*
80
1
*
5
109
0
263
Total
31,457
171
788
45,311
4,988
1,176
586
84,397
6
168,879

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 39

24

Table 19

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
59
#
2
350
3
*
#
*
0
474
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
*
Arizona
*
*
3
799
3
*
3
*
*
1,134
Arkansas
45
*
1
166
2
*
*
*
0
216
California
792
#
*
3,990
549
*
7
1,272
0
6,630
Colorado
*
#
5
740
4
*
17
179
0
1,232
Connecticut
*
*
2
647
2
0
*
93
0
792
Delaware
*
0
1
138
*
0
0
23
0
248
District of Columbia
*
*
2
*
5
0
#
173
0
328
Florida
333
#
29
2,386
*
*
1
786
0
3,857
Georgia
201
#
*
930
20
*
#
368
0
1,528
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
*
Hawaii
*
*
#
*
1
0
0
81
0
425
Idaho
70
*
#
26
2
*
2
*
0
143
Illinois
250
1
*
1,421
7
*
10
786
0
2,483
Indiana
181
*
2
568
70
*
3
93
0
916
Iowa
91
#
1
115
6
*
5
*
0
388
Kansas
41
#
*
212
11
*
#
184
0
450
Kentucky
139
*
1
391
5
*
*
100
0
638
Louisiana
20
*
1
440
21
*
*
*
0
503
Maine
66
#
#
58
2
0
*
*
0
171
Maryland
*
*
4
705
*
*
#
204
0
1,593
Massachusetts
*
#
7
1,250
*
*
1
193
0
1,954
Michigan
154
1
*
1,274
7
*
#
327
0
1,766
Minnesota
167
1
*
660
14
*
1
212
0
1,057
Mississippi
11
*
#
126
1
*
0
*
0
147
Missouri
120
*
5
376
4
*
1
251
0
757
Montana
22
*
#
*
1
*
1
0
0
130
Nebraska
57
*
#
184
2
0
1
*
0
264





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 40

25

Table 19 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
44
*
1
*
1
*
2
150
0
504
New Hampshire
42
#
1
*
*
*
0
*
0
315
New Jersey
215
*
9
*
*
*
#
231
0
2,598
New Mexico
85
*
1
147
2
*
#
*
0
260
New York
390
1
16
2,573
*
*
1
791
0
4,411
North Carolina
214
#
*
264
12
*
#
345
0
841
North Dakota
19
*
#
72
8
0
*
0
0
101
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
0
*
0
*
0
0
*
Ohio
372
#
4
464
26
*
1
279
*
1,148
Oklahoma
44
*
1
296
5
*
*
145
0
492
Oregon
106
#
*
565
72
*
2
170
0
917
Pennsylvania
441
*
7
1,548
*
*
#
370
0
2,828
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
71
Rhode Island
*
*
#
*
*
0
*
*
0
323
South Carolina
65
*
3
250
16
*
#
70
0
404
South Dakota
8
0
*
115
9
*
#
0
0
132
Tennessee
47
*
4
*
36
*
#
167
0
940
Texas
587
#
*
1,252
322
*
8
1,446
0
3,630
Utah
107
*
2
262
20
*
25
114
0
529
Vermont
50
*
#
*
4
*
0
*
0
143
Virgin Islands
0
0
*
0
0
0
*
0
0
*
Virginia
226
#
22
1,028
*
*
1
239
0
2,000
Washington
191
*
4
1,160
56
*
1
292
*
1,705
West Virginia
2
0
#
213
1
*
*
*
0
250
Wisconsin
111
2
*
416
7
*
3
302
0
843
Wyoming
13
*
#
*
1
*
1
0
0
88
Total
7,305
14
208
32,318
4,719
#
104
11,078
3
55,749

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 41

26

Table 20

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Alabama
88.2
76.1
35.5
26.9
6.7
Alaska
88.7
81.6
26.8
14.8
9.1
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
90.1
76.9
45.1
34.4
22.4
Arkansas
91.0
79.8
26.0
15.8
14.1
California
88.3
77.6
35.5
26.9
19.4
Colorado
91.2
79.3
42.3
38.2
24.9
Connecticut
90.4
78.0
39.6
32.9
22.8
Delaware
88.8
75.5
51.8
46.1
39.8
District of Columbia
85.3
68.1
45.4
38.6
14.5
Florida
90.0
83.7
46.9
36.8
21.8
Georgia
88.2
78.3
39.9
26.5
15.0
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
95.0
87.7
52.8
13.1
0.9
Idaho
87.5
72.8
39.5
15.4
5.0
Illinois
91.0
80.9
40.6
29.3
18.2
Indiana
88.2
76.4
36.9
25.9
18.8
Iowa
90.1
77.2
51.4
28.7
8.4
Kansas
87.7
77.7
43.4
29.3
13.9
Kentucky
89.1
81.9
41.8
27.3
19.6
Louisiana
87.6
81.1
28.5
20.0
14.0
Maine
86.8
79.7
54.4
36.3
7.3
Maryland
86.6
74.5
47.4
39.8
33.9
Massachusetts
89.0
77.9
50.1
44.0
36.1
Michigan
86.2
74.9
42.0
33.8
10.1
Minnesota
89.6
78.4
44.7
37.9
20.0
Mississippi
91.7
62.8
22.5
11.4
3.2
Missouri
88.9
80.8
34.1
22.7
6.4
Montana
76.5
53.5
31.6
25.7
2.4
Nebraska
84.6
69.1
43.7
29.3
17.2





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 42

27

Table 20 - Continued

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Nevada
91.7
83.4
44.0
29.0
17.7
New Hampshire
87.2
73.9
54.6
44.4
33.4
New Jersey
87.7
74.7
49.6
44.2
40.3
New Mexico
85.2
67.5
33.1
26.8
4.8
New York
87.8
77.5
51.9
43.0
36.5
North Carolina
84.9
72.9
46.9
33.3
6.9
North Dakota
81.1
58.8
44.8
28.8
24.5
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
83.7
69.9
40.2
29.2
7.1
Oklahoma
92.1
87.0
35.3
18.2
14.8
Oregon
92.1
82.4
45.8
38.5
24.9
Pennsylvania
88.7
77.9
48.0
35.9
28.8
Puerto Rico
87.2
78.7
22.7
12.5
0.4
Rhode Island
89.7
80.3
56.5
48.8
43.2
South Carolina
84.3
71.2
41.1
31.3
10.4
South Dakota
80.6
60.0
45.4
42.6
34.7
Tennessee
87.0
73.4
38.5
29.9
16.8
Texas
90.4
82.3
36.8
25.9
9.4
Utah
92.0
81.0
43.0
35.9
21.7
Vermont
86.6
77.1
47.6
34.9
13.7
Virgin Islands
90.4
71.0
*
*
*
Virginia
86.4
72.9
45.5
35.5
28.3
Washington
91.7
81.9
45.2
38.6
28.1
West Virginia
90.9
86.2
53.1
45.5
21.0
Wisconsin
90.1
81.2
47.4
31.4
6.6
Wyoming
82.8
56.6
38.2
30.4
2.5
Total
88.6
77.9
42.0
31.9
19.5

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 43

28

Table 21

ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Alabama
315
357
403
431
457
473
496
498
523
Alaska
60
64
68
72
75
77
77
77
78
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
365
406
437
454
466
487
518
527
552
Arkansas
200
227
249
267
273
298
308
314
330
California
4,343
4,626
4,780
4,755
4,617
4,587
4,568
4,456
4,538
Colorado
473
530
573
575
624
641
651
658
663
Connecticut
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
1,873
1,960
2,046
2,045
2,005
1,962
1,988
2,006
2,070
Georgia
1,126
1,219
1,307
1,361
1,240
1,251
1,256
1,129
1,413
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
113
129
142
154
160
169
174
177
181
Illinois
1,212
1,300
1,382
1,419
1,503
1,538
1,556
1,537
1,577
Indiana
515
584
636
651
672
699
721
725
754
Iowa
233
271
298
322
336
351
362
373
376
Kansas
203
225
236
241
243
250
260
264
271
Kentucky
303
340
367
385
421
431
454
459
473
Louisiana
271
306
333
354
385
390
404
397
396
Maine
105
115
118
120
114
123
125
126
125
Maryland
490
512
514
495
471
440
405
*
350
Massachusetts
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
607
690
733
749
780
835
857
860
902
Minnesota
395
449
496
529
544
573
590
611
618
Mississippi
154
180
202
220
229
240
255
240
263
Missouri
546
618
683
712
727
767
805
811
846
Montana
83
96
102
108
108
111
115
119
119
Nebraska
112
124
135
143
151
158
164
167
169





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 44

29

Table 21 - Continued

ADSL Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Nevada
190
207
220
225
222
225
229
232
242
New Hampshire
94
98
100
97
91
91
86
84
85
New Jersey
704
735
735
700
666
624
568
530
486
New Mexico
157
180
200
217
231
242
250
259
266
New York
1,104
1,182
1,184
1,169
1,122
1,100
1,046
1,010
957
North Carolina
648
725
820
870
891
918
969
985
995
North Dakota
46
51
56
60
65
64
67
67
69
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
859
951
1,024
1,034
1,069
1,109
1,127
1,145
1,177
Oklahoma
277
302
324
334
338
349
359
361
379
Oregon
312
339
356
361
371
367
367
362
359
Pennsylvania
1,013
1,126
1,191
1,209
1,231
1,233
1,218
1,187
1,143
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
285
323
359
386
400
412
428
437
434
South Dakota
40
46
48
53
56
58
58
60
58
Tennessee
397
447
499
535
541
549
559
570
560
Texas
1,997
2,294
2,464
2,475
2,608
2,706
2,784
2,797
2,898
Utah
222
250
270
284
299
280
309
312
311
Vermont
61
68
72
73
61
79
81
84
85
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
505
548
568
561
553
547
536
527
507
Washington
534
569
592
600
599
596
593
589
582
West Virginia
105
124
138
147
152
160
161
162
*
Wisconsin
418
484
528
556
556
586
612
615
646
Wyoming
44
50
53
55
57
58
58
59
59
Total
25,413
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,618
30,973
30,743
31,457

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 45

30

Table 22

Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Alabama
342
374
399
417
460
478
497
513
535
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
Arizona
838
850
897
992
1,044
1,039
1,104
1,096
1,161
Arkansas
184
205
214
236
227
252
262
267
275
California
3,156
3,411
3,603
3,799
3,990
4,144
4,223
4,418
4,639
Colorado
523
561
604
626
659
693
709
744
787
Connecticut
454
513
550
576
615
626
640
672
673
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
158
156
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,178
2,344
2,543
2,631
2,825
2,859
2,992
3,076
3,292
Georgia
743
802
862
904
974
1,020
1,010
1,052
1,110
Guam
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
109
116
123
127
121
130
133
137
145
Illinois
1,332
1,466
1,570
1,625
1,591
1,575
1,577
1,630
1,696
Indiana
370
410
439
456
626
641
669
697
728
Iowa
234
268
287
309
330
344
360
376
389
Kansas
321
351
369
380
415
419
435
434
441
Kentucky
333
384
435
482
452
483
497
512
530
Louisiana
420
446
485
481
518
544
559
562
584
Maine
152
169
179
197
202
224
237
259
269
Maryland
781
829
865
871
801
757
768
778
773
Massachusetts
1,044
1,088
1,136
1,159
1,291
1,253
1,250
1,339
1,343
Michigan
1,103
1,197
1,265
1,307
1,394
1,431
1,451
1,517
1,537
Minnesota
541
571
608
622
666
685
701
739
776
Mississippi
136
152
166
188
216
227
232
241
246
Missouri
444
473
498
517
560
561
586
599
603
Montana
65
74
83
90
92
102
108
113
119
Nebraska
239
238
252
262
278
286
295
293
309





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 46

31

Table 22 - Continued

Cable Modem Connections by State 2006-2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
New Hampshire
210
230
240
250
285
295
303
329
325
New Jersey
1,386
1,474
1,538
1,586
1,637
1,604
1,623
1,698
1,702
New Mexico
109
117
127
137
146
155
158
168
175
New York
2,967
3,164
3,342
3,548
3,749
3,850
3,886
3,982
4,013
North Carolina
1,041
1,134
1,196
1,266
1,344
1,392
1,444
1,513
1,554
North Dakota
71
76
80
83
85
88
93
90
101
Northern Mariana Isl
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,303
1,406
1,498
1,627
1,705
1,757
1,813
1,862
1,895
Oklahoma
313
348
373
382
408
429
432
436
468
Oregon
453
490
531
554
517
528
542
576
608
Pennsylvania
1,256
1,271
1,399
1,492
1,800
1,777
1,835
1,915
1,983
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
418
459
496
517
555
582
598
627
660
South Dakota
100
101
111
115
122
122
127
118
134
Tennessee
602
663
703
715
718
739
751
784
795
Texas
1,944
2,082
2,183
2,214
1,971
2,280
2,383
2,456
2,450
Utah
*
*
*
212
*
243
253
268
283
Vermont
*
*
*
*
71
80
83
93
97
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
877
906
921
941
1,096
1,097
1,105
1,114
1,124
Washington
806
862
909
944
998
1,102
1,106
1,186
1,239
West Virginia
145
156
159
167
205
215
226
220
255
Wisconsin
592
637
676
711
759
779
802
823
846
Wyoming
*
*
*
*
64
70
74
76
80
Total
31,982
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,427
43,923
45,311

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 47

32

Table 23

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
26
10
21
20
23
*
13
6
*
75
Alaska
11
4
6
4
5
*
7
5
*
22
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
23
7
25
11
24
*
19
6
*
74
Arkansas
21
8
11
16
13
*
6
5
0
54
California
38
19
45
20
26
*
34
10
*
119
Colorado
36
9
34
17
26
*
31
11
0
99
Connecticut
8
7
21
6
15
*
*
5
0
37
Delaware
5
4
15
4
5
*
0
6
0
26
District of Columbia
11
9
24
*
12
*
4
6
0
39
Florida
28
20
49
19
36
*
18
7
0
97
Georgia
34
16
34
35
42
*
9
8
0
103
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
*
0
4
Hawaii
*
4
5
*
7
*
*
6
0
19
Idaho
24
6
16
13
18
*
16
8
0
56
Illinois
59
22
45
20
27
*
53
12
0
145
Indiana
36
12
25
14
36
*
39
7
*
97
Iowa
126
30
27
40
65
*
64
10
0
204
Kansas
41
15
22
27
36
*
31
12
0
98
Kentucky
26
10
21
22
20
*
16
10
0
82
Louisiana
18
7
18
14
16
*
6
6
0
54
Maine
13
10
12
6
11
*
4
5
0
29
Maryland
15
10
30
14
18
*
8
7
0
63
Massachusetts
14
8
29
9
13
*
7
6
0
53
Michigan
40
20
37
16
22
*
26
9
*
99
Minnesota
56
19
27
18
44
*
29
7
0
105
Mississippi
19
6
18
12
11
*
*
6
0
51
Missouri
38
14
25
22
25
*
32
8
0
98
Montana
23
10
15
5
12
*
13
*
0
46
Nebraska
34
7
12
21
28
*
26
8
0
76





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 48

33

Table 23 - Continued

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
16
9
21
4
16
*
8
6
0
49
New Hampshire
13
8
15
6
10
*
*
5
0
38
New Jersey
19
11
39
6
16
*
4
6
0
58
New Mexico
23
6
14
7
11
*
12
10
0
49
New York
42
15
39
17
27
*
16
6
0
94
North Carolina
25
8
30
22
26
*
7
10
0
77
North Dakota
31
9
13
7
17
*
14
4
0
46
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
39
17
33
23
32
*
23
9
*
100
Oklahoma
40
7
22
14
15
*
11
11
0
76
Oregon
41
13
28
15
31
*
17
7
0
80
Pennsylvania
36
11
38
26
27
*
11
7
*
93
Puerto Rico
*
*
6
*
4
*
*
5
0
16
Rhode Island
6
5
12
4
6
*
*
5
0
24
South Carolina
21
5
20
16
18
*
5
8
0
51
South Dakota
29
6
11
7
20
*
20
*
0
54
Tennessee
25
11
22
14
23
*
13
8
0
75
Texas
69
23
56
28
46
*
55
10
0
162
Utah
17
9
18
7
16
*
12
8
0
50
Vermont
10
5
14
4
8
*
*
4
0
32
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
7
Virginia
28
15
33
14
22
*
15
9
*
79
Washington
30
8
29
15
26
*
22
8
*
79
West Virginia
8
*
14
9
10
*
5
8
0
39
Wisconsin
47
17
25
17
27
*
24
9
*
95
Wyoming
12
7
7
4
6
*
11
5
0
34
Total
865
248
270
354
544
4
639
57
7
1,556

* Indicates one to three providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 49

34

Table 24

Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by State as of December 31, 2010

xDSL Availability Where ILECs
Cable Modem Availability Where Cable
State
Offer Local Telephone Service
Systems Offer Cable TV Service
Alabama
82
94
Alaska
77
*
American Samoa
*
*
Arizona
88
99
Arkansas
81
83
California
89
99
Colorado
91
98
Connecticut
*
100
Delaware
*
99
District of Columbia
*
*
Florida
89
97
Georgia
94
94
Guam
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
Idaho
83
98
Illinois
87
97
Indiana
83
97
Iowa
88
93
Kansas
85
92
Kentucky
86
93
Louisiana
85
94
Maine
85
96
Maryland
71
99
Massachusetts
*
100
Michigan
75
98
Minnesota
90
97
Mississippi
80
91
Missouri
84
96
Montana
83
94
Nebraska
87
95
Nevada
91
*
New Hampshire
87
98
New Jersey
80
100
New Mexico
88
91
New York
74
99
North Carolina
93
94
North Dakota
89
92
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
Ohio
87
95
Oklahoma
81
94
Oregon
85
98
Pennsylvania
83
96
Puerto Rico
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
South Carolina
87
95
South Dakota
82
88
Tennessee
85
98
Texas
83
97
Utah
94
92
Vermont
85
71
Virgin Islands
*
0
Virginia
68
96
Washington
85
97
West Virginia
*
93
Wisconsin
85
98
Wyoming
87
93
Total
84
97

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: This table summarizes responses to Form 477 questions about service availability, as opposed to subscribership. xDSL includes both asymmetric
and symmetric DSL. Each state-specific estimate is a weighted average of the availability percentages that ILECs or cable system operators report
for the areas they serve. Reported xDSL availability is weighted by ILEC end-user switched access lines and VoIP lines. Reported cable modem
availability is weighted by cable TV subscribers. The weighted averages include ILECs or cable system operators that report no availability.
Figures are presented to the nearest percent.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and II; Warren Communications News, Inc., Television & Cable Factbook: Online (Cable General Information, February 2010).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 50

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts


Contents of this section

All counties


Chart 15
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................52
Table 25
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................53

All census tracts


Chart 16
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................54
Table 26
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................55
Table 27
Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology

as of December 31, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)..............56

Counties and census tracts in individual states


Table 28
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County

Households by State as of December 31, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction)...........................................................................................................57
Table 29
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract

Households by State as of December 31, 2010 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ..........................................................................................................59


Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract


Map 1
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010.....................................61
Map 2
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps

Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010 ....................62

Maps: Number of providers by census tract


Map 3
Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010..........................................................................63
Map 4
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010 .........................................................64
Map 5
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream

and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010..................................65
Map 6
Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010..........................................................................66

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 51

35

Chart 15

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households as of December 31, 2010
14%
Number of Counties
3,232
Median
0.52
12%
383
371
354
354
321
10%
s
t
i
e

un 8%
248
248
of Co
ge
ta
n

190
6%
187
e
r
c
e
P

141
4%
111
91
64
2%
46
39
31
23
8
9
13
0%
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households

Note: Ratios over 1 were set to 1. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 52

36

Table 25

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households by Technology as of December 31, 2010


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater than 5 than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no and no and no and no and no and no and no and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
0.6
2.2
6.6
29.1
28.6
19.4
8.8
2.8
1.2
0.2
0.5
sDSL
83.2
15.7
0.7
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
94.7
5.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
14.1
10.1
10.4
19.0
17.9
13.4
8.8
4.2
1.8
0.1
0.0
FTTP
63.7
26.5
3.4
2.8
1.8
1.0
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
Satellite
0.8
86.5
10.5
2.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
50.1
39.8
6.0
3.3
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.5
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
99.8
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.1
0.1
0.3
1.9
7.2
13.6
21.4
22.8
27.8
3.5
1.2

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 53

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Chart 16

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households as of December 31, 2010
8
Number of Tracts
66,287
Median
0.60
7
6
t
s
c
5
ra
T
of
ge
4
a
nt
e
rc
e
3

P

2
1
0
0
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households

Note: Ratios over 2 were set to 2. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 54

38

Table 26

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households by Technology as of December 31, 2010


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater than 5 than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no and no and no and no and no and no and no and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
4.9
10.2
11.1
25.6
20.4
13.2
7.5
3.4
2.4
0.7
0.7
sDSL
95.1
4.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
98.8
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.4
4.2
4.3
13.2
16.7
16.3
14.1
10.5
9.5
2.7
2.1
FTTP
80.7
7.6
1.7
2.7
2.0
1.7
1.3
1.0
0.9
0.3
0.2
Satellite
46.4
48.6
3.7
1.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
85.4
11.6
1.6
1.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.7
0.4
0.6
3.5
7.5
10.7
12.9
14.0
24.1
14.3
11.3

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 55

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Table 27

Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Number of Providers
Seven or
Technology
Zero
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
More
aDSL
4.9
48.6
34.5
10.3
1.5
0.2
0.0
0.0
sDSL
95.1
4.6
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
98.8
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.4
80.7
12.2
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
FTTP
80.7
18.8
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
46.4
22.7
28.3
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
85.4
11.4
2.6
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
aDSL and/or Cable Modem and/or FTTP
1.1
6.5
41.4
33.9
13.6
3.0
0.4
0.1
Any Technology
0.7
2.5
18.5
26.6
25.8
15.4
6.7
3.8

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 56

40

Table 28

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
67
0
0
0
2
8
19
20
11
6
0
1
Alaska
27
0
0
0
3
2
4
2
3
12
1
0
American Samoa
5
3
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
15
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
5
5
2
0
Arkansas
75
0
0
0
0
9
24
27
6
9
0
0
California
58
0
0
0
2
0
0
8
15
27
4
2
Colorado
64
0
0
0
0
1
3
9
21
18
10
2
Connecticut
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
3
0
Delaware
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
District of Columbia
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Florida
67
0
0
0
1
1
5
15
3
35
6
1
Georgia
159
0
1
1
5
14
28
37
36
34
2
1
Guam
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Hawaii
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
0
Idaho
44
0
0
0
2
1
9
10
7
14
1
0
Illinois
102
0
0
0
2
6
9
27
26
28
0
4
Indiana
92
0
0
0
0
1
16
25
31
16
1
2
Iowa
99
0
0
0
2
13
9
21
32
21
0
1
Kansas
105
0
0
0
0
2
4
17
45
33
4
0
Kentucky
120
0
0
0
4
9
20
41
23
22
0
1
Louisiana
64
0
0
0
2
13
10
10
15
13
0
1
Maine
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
11
0
0
Maryland
24
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
2
13
4
0
Massachusetts
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
2
3
Michigan
83
0
0
0
1
7
12
17
20
24
1
1
Minnesota
87
0
0
0
0
0
3
11
36
35
1
1
Mississippi
82
0
1
2
14
24
21
9
6
4
0
1
Missouri
115
0
0
1
1
5
26
44
24
12
2
0
Montana
56
0
0
0
0
1
3
15
17
20
0
0
Nebraska
93
0
0
0
0
0
3
25
31
33
1
0





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 57

41

Table 28 - Continued

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
17
0
0
0
1
0
6
2
2
6
0
0
New Hampshire
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
7
2
0
New Jersey
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
10
1
New Mexico
33
0
0
0
0
3
7
8
6
8
1
0
New York
62
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
44
8
2
North Carolina
100
0
0
0
0
0
8
21
41
22
6
2
North Dakota
53
0
0
0
0
0
3
4
18
27
1
0
Northern Mariana Isl
4
1
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
88
0
0
0
0
0
7
15
25
39
1
1
Oklahoma
77
0
0
0
1
10
20
22
13
9
1
1
Oregon
36
0
0
0
0
0
2
6
11
17
0
0
Pennsylvania
67
0
0
0
0
0
4
5
11
38
5
4
Puerto Rico
78
0
0
0
3
18
24
29
0
4
0
0
Rhode Island
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
0
South Carolina
46
0
0
0
0
8
7
13
8
9
1
0
South Dakota
66
0
0
0
1
2
4
13
20
24
2
0
Tennessee
95
0
0
1
0
13
25
34
16
5
0
1
Texas
254
0
0
2
5
33
56
63
43
42
6
4
Utah
29
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
10
13
3
0
Vermont
14
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
3
9
0
0
Virgin Islands
3
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
134
0
0
2
8
15
16
26
25
30
11
1
Washington
39
0
0
0
0
3
2
4
9
19
2
0
West Virginia
55
0
0
0
0
6
9
17
13
9
1
0
Wisconsin
72
0
1
0
0
1
1
7
25
35
2
0
Wyoming
23
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
8
10
0
0
Total
3,232
4
4
9
62
232
439
691
737
900
114
40

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 58

42

Table 29

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
1,081
0
8
13
92
156
207
186
131
165
74
49
Alaska
158
2
1
2
13
2
8
17
14
55
30
14
American Samoa
21
5
10
2
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
Arizona
1,107
15
8
18
58
84
106
137
157
241
129
154
Arkansas
624
1
4
10
39
101
133
121
73
76
35
31
California
7,049
43
14
17
146
298
479
741
937
2,016
1,384
974
Colorado
1,075
15
1
0
14
38
89
136
172
283
173
154
Connecticut
815
3
0
0
1
23
42
52
82
242
274
96
Delaware
197
1
0
1
6
18
22
25
19
29
25
51
District of Columbia
188
7
1
1
0
5
16
23
24
55
32
24
Florida
3,153
11
3
7
49
149
299
414
446
766
474
535
Georgia
1,618
5
7
16
101
170
238
263
227
314
143
134
Guam
56
9
0
0
1
2
0
2
2
11
7
22
Hawaii
286
7
1
0
1
3
5
21
29
107
73
39
Idaho
280
1
2
2
9
15
51
55
51
56
19
19
Illinois
2,964
18
7
11
60
212
357
394
440
845
389
231
Indiana
1,412
4
2
7
31
104
216
254
272
310
129
83
Iowa
793
2
4
5
34
58
107
111
160
220
58
34
Kansas
727
7
2
0
9
28
87
105
141
211
72
65
Kentucky
994
2
5
10
42
105
149
174
185
196
80
46
Louisiana
1,106
5
4
13
70
171
138
156
157
229
99
64
Maine
344
0
0
0
0
6
17
21
75
142
69
14
Maryland
1,216
6
2
6
54
82
94
102
119
282
240
229
Massachusetts
1,361
5
0
1
16
76
114
117
105
305
366
256
Michigan
2,716
17
5
12
129
235
277
332
379
704
417
209
Minnesota
1,300
6
3
3
11
36
97
174
258
415
185
112
Mississippi
605
0
3
23
89
134
115
84
50
67
24
16
Missouri
1,320
10
2
10
56
139
179
204
244
253
142
81
Montana
270
5
1
3
9
14
27
40
61
79
19
12
Nebraska
503
3
1
0
0
16
51
90
109
147
45
41





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 59

43

Table 29 - Continued

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of December 31, 2010

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
487
9
3
12
25
49
71
64
63
82
53
56
New Hampshire
272
0
0
0
1
0
8
13
29
112
76
33
New Jersey
1,944
14
1
2
37
81
120
155
175
424
464
471
New Mexico
456
17
8
8
21
36
70
67
61
90
40
38
New York
4,898
99
6
9
40
225
430
669
738
1,080
776
826
North Carolina
1,555
2
1
7
39
116
212
246
256
333
175
168
North Dakota
227
6
0
1
0
13
14
30
39
85
30
9
Northern Mariana Isl
21
1
1
0
6
6
3
1
0
1
1
1
Ohio
2,934
13
1
5
68
213
297
369
444
868
454
202
Oklahoma
990
3
11
10
58
109
141
181
128
194
90
65
Oregon
755
1
0
1
1
17
57
118
156
248
110
46
Pennsylvania
3,134
35
24
6
125
273
269
261
318
754
580
489
Puerto Rico
823
7
46
40
146
168
119
107
56
57
29
48
Rhode Island
233
0
0
0
5
27
21
21
15
43
39
62
South Carolina
867
4
3
8
54
110
161
134
97
142
76
78
South Dakota
235
16
1
3
7
11
26
35
42
69
20
5
Tennessee
1,261
8
5
21
88
171
219
233
171
200
84
61
Texas
4,388
23
36
55
291
580
655
608
514
751
383
492
Utah
496
7
2
3
9
11
31
56
93
144
72
68
Vermont
179
0
0
0
0
4
9
12
35
75
32
12
Virgin Islands
32
0
4
4
5
4
2
4
1
7
1
0
Virginia
1,530
5
4
18
69
109
143
188
190
365
235
204
Washington
1,318
2
1
1
17
38
102
142
197
433
234
151
West Virginia
466
1
8
9
26
52
62
79
63
93
33
40
Wisconsin
1,320
8
2
1
14
66
90
192
254
461
160
72
Wyoming
127
1
0
0
5
3
9
20
26
45
11
7
Total
66,287
497
269
417
2,298
4,972
7,061
8,556
9,282
15,977
9,464
7,494

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 60

Map 1

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction per 1,000 Households

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households by
census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Connections data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household counts
for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 61

Map 2

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps Upstream

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
upstream and at least 768 kbps downstream. All technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless are included.
Connections are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household
counts for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 62

Map 3

Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates
greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include al
technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 63

Map 4

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by
census tract. A provider is counted only if it reported residential
connections in the tract. Connections have information transfer
rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include
al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 64

Map 5

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census tract.
A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in the tract.
Connections have information transfer rates of at least 3 mbps downstream
and at least 768 kbps upstream and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile
wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census
2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 65

Map 6

Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Providers (Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of potential providers of mobile connections
with information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction by
census tract. Providers are counted if they indicate that service is available in
a tract over a network the provider operates.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are
from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census 2000
Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 66

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures


Contents of this section

Household income


Chart 17
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2010 .............................................68
Chart 18
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2010 ............69

Household density


Chart 19
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2010.............................................70
Chart 20
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2010............71

Education


Chart 21
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2010 ........72
Chart 22
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2010.................................................................................73

Age


Chart 23
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2010 ...............................74
Chart 24
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2010 ................................................................................75

Race


Chart 25
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to

Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2010 ..........................76
Chart 26
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)
as
of
December 31, 2010 .....................................................................................................77

Technology and household density


Chart 27
Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of
December 31, 2010..............................................................................................................78

Income and household density


Chart 28
Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of
December 31, 2010..............................................................................................................79
Chart 29
Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
Direction
to
Households
by Income and Density ...............................................................80

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 67

44

Chart 17

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2010
(County Data)
0.80
0.76
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.63
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.59
0.57
0.55
0.55
0.52
0.53
0.50
0.50
0.49
0.48
a
t
i
o

0.46
0.46
0.47
R
i
p
s
h

0.42
0.42
er
0.40
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Counties Ranked by Median Household Income, in Deciles Higher Income

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by income deciles. Counties were grouped into income deciles based on county median household income in 1999, as reported by the
Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the
decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 68

45

Chart 18

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.36
0.43
0.45
0.47
0.51
0.54
0.55
0.57
0.62
0.72
Median
0.36
0.42
0.46
0.47
0.50
0.55
0.56
0.59
0.62
0.73
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

Median
R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Q1
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Median Household Income in 1999 by Decile Higher Income

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the income decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the averageresidential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 69

46

Chart 19

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2010
(County Data)
0.70
0.69
0.67
0.65
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.54
0.54
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.50
0.50
0.50
a
t
i
o

0.40
R
i
p
s
h
er
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Counties Ranked by Household Density, in Deciles Higher Density

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by density deciles. Counties were grouped into density deciles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of estimated
county households in 2010 to county land area from the Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps
in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential
fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and al deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 70

47

Chart 20

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.51
0.51
0.45
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.53
0.58
0.64
0.63
Median
0.52
0.52
0.46
0.44
0.45
0.47
0.51
0.57
0.64
0.66
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

Median
R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Q1
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density County Household Density by Decile Higher Density

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the density decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 71

48

Chart 21

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2010
(County Data)
0.80
0.73
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.55
0.53
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.48
0.49
a
t
i
o

0.47
0.47
R
i
p
s
h
er

0.40
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of College Graduates, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county share of college graduates in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population at
least 25 years of age with a college degree or higher educational attainment. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over
200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of
residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across al counties in decile N and al deciles less than N, to the number of households in al the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 72

49

Chart 22

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.38
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.50
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.64
0.72
Median
0.38
0.41
0.43
0.46
0.50
0.55
0.57
0.59
0.64
0.72
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
0.6
a
ti
o

Median
R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Q1
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
Min
0.2
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share of College Graduates by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the share decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 73

79

Chart 23

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2010
(County Data)
0.80
0.70
0.70
0.66
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.66
0.65
0.65
0.64
0.64
0.60
0.60
0.58
0.50
a
t
i
o

R
i
p
s
h
er

0.40
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age Counties Ranked by Average Age, in Deciles Higher Average Age

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county average age in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the average age of the county population. For each
decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of
households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 74

51

Chart 24

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.53
0.56
0.52
0.52
0.53
0.51
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.55
Median
0.55
0.58
0.53
0.51
0.52
0.51
0.49
0.49
0.51
0.55
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
Q3
a
ti
o

R
p

e
r
shi
0.5
Median
r
i
b

ubsc
Q1

S

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age County Average Age by Decile Higher Average Age

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the average age decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across al counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 75

52

Chart 25

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2010
(County Data)
0.70
0.69
0.68
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.66
0.65
0.62
0.62
0.60
0.61
0.57
0.57
0.50
a
t
i
o

0.40
R
i
p
s
h
er
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of Population White, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by the share of county population white alone in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population that
reported their race as white alone. For each decile,the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties
in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 76

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Chart 26

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2010

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.41
0.49
0.51
0.56
0.55
0.57
0.56
0.55
0.52
0.51
Median
0.39
0.48
0.50
0.55
0.55
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.52
0.51
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

a
ti
o
0.6
R
Median
i
p
sh
er
0.5
i
b

Q1
scr
b
u
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share White Alone by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in each race decile. Counties were grouped into
deciles based on the share of the county population that reported their race as white alone. Some of the features are labeled, but note also that + denotes the position of the average
residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and
is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 77

54

Chart 27

Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of December 31, 2010

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
90
80
ns 70
e
c
t
i
o

nn
o
C
60
e
e
d

p
-
S
h
i
g
50
x
e
d H

t
i
a
l
Fi

n 40
e
s
i
de

R
of
30
t
a
ge

e
n

e
rc
P
20
10
0
Lowest Density
Highest Density
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Satellite
Fixed Wireless
This chart shows subscribership ratios by technology and household density. Tracts were grouped into 100 density percentiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau. For each percentile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of residential fixed
connections to households across tracts in the percentile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 78

55

Chart 28

Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of December 31, 2010

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction by Tract)
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Richest
Highest Density
Poorest
Lowest Density
This chart shows subscribership ratios by household density and income quantiles. Tracts were grouped into 400 density/income quantiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau, and median household income. For each quantile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of
residential fixed connections to households across tracts in the decile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area, Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 79

56

Chart 29

Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households by Income and Density

Tract Data as of December 31, 2010

100%
90%
80%
s
d

70%
s
ehol
u
o
H

60%
e
c
t
i
ons to

50%
onn
of C
o

40%
ati
R
a
n

edi
30%

M

20%
10%
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Tract Density (Households per Square Mile) in Deciles Higher Density

Tract Median Income in Deciles
less than $22,907
$22,907 to $28,245
$28,245 to $32,004
$32,004 to $35,699
$35,699 to $39,615
$39,615 to $43,859
$43,859 to $49,750
$49,750 to $57,281
$57,281 to $70,136
more than $70,136
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 80


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at
http://www.fcc.gov/form477/.

Wherever a number of providers is cited in this report, multiple Form 477 filers within a holding
company structure count as one provider.

Form 477 collects information about Internet access connections in service to end-user locations that are
advertised to deliver information to and/or from the end user that is, in at least one direction at transfer
rates ("speeds") above 200 kilobits per second (kbps). Information is collected about connections in 72
speed tiers (nine upstream tiers and eight downstream) defined by ranges of upstream speeds and
downstream speeds. Connections are further categorized by the technology employed by the part of the
connection that terminates at the end-user location.

"End users" are residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use services for their own
purposes and who do not resell such services to other entities. Facilities-based providers report
information about connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also connections
that they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users. For Form 477 purposes, the
facilities-based provider of a connection is the entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that
terminates at the end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special access line, or
other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location and provisions/equips it as a connection that
transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction to the end-user location
over licensed spectrum or over spectrum that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.

The mutually exclusive Form 477 technology categories are: asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
("aDSL" in this report), symmetric Digital Subscriber Line ("sDSL"), other wireline, cable modem,
optical fiber to the end-user premises ("FTTP"), satellite, fixed wireless (using licensed or unlicensed
spectrum), mobile wireless (using licensed or unlicensed spectrum), electric power line, and all other
(which is included to capture deployment of additional technologies over time). In the Form 477 data
collection, aDSL-based services delivered over fiber-to-the-node architecture are reported in the aDSL
category. The other wireline category comprises T1/DS1, T3/DS3, and other copper-based connections,
not elsewhere categorized, that deliver Internet access service at the end-user location. Ethernet
connections delivering Internet access service are reported in the other wireline category if the connection
terminates over copper and in the FTTP category if the connection terminates over fiber. Connections
deployed over hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture are reported in the cable modem category. Wireless
ISPs ("WISPs") report in the fixed wireless category if providing service to dispersed, fixed end-user
locations and report in the mobile wireless category if providing a commercial service that can be
received at any location within a service footprint. Wireless local area networks (such as Wi-Fi hotspots)
that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises connection are not included, although the
shared premises connection is included.

Numbers of connections presented in this report are not adjusted for the number of persons at a single
end-user location who have access to, or who use, the Internet access services delivered over the
connection to that location.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 81


Numbers of residential connections are estimated based on the total connections and percentage-
residential connections information reported on Form 477.

Census tracts



Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, facilities-based providers of reportable fixed-location
Internet access connections must report connection counts and percentage residential information at the
census tract level of detail. Because of the inherent mobility of their service, facilities-based mobile
wireless providers do not report subscriber counts by census tract. Instead, they report the census tracts in
the state that best represent the areas where service is available over the provider's own network, for each
of the speed tiers in which the provider offers service.

For the 2000 decennial census, the Census Bureau assigned a default census tract code of 000000 to some
coastal and Great Lakes water and territorial sea. These default-code tracts are not included in the
statistics presented in this report, which therefore summarize data for 66,287 census tracts.

According to GeoLytics, Inc. estimates for 2010, about 200 census tracts have population but no
households because the population resides in group living quarters. For the purpose of estimating
residential subscribership rates by census tract, we assume these census tracts have no reportable
residential Internet access service because persons residing in group quarters would have Internet access
over a business connection provided to the operator of the group quarters. Therefore, these census tracts
are included in the "zero" column.

Decline in reported mobile wireless connections between June 2008 and December 2008

Changed reporting instructions starting in December 2008 caused a one-time decrease in the reported
number of mobile wireless Internet access service connections, from about 60 million in June 2008 to
about 25 million in December 2008. For reporting periods through June 30, 2008, Form 477 had
instructed mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers whose mobile device (such as a
wireless modem laptop card, smartphone, or handset) was capable of sending or receiving data at speeds
above 200 kbps. The Commission found these instructions insufficiently precise to enable it to
determine, from the reported data, the number of subscribers making regular use of Internet access service
above 200 kbps as part of their mobile service package. Starting with the December 31, 2008 data,
therefore, Form 477 requires mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers that have a
capable device (as discussed above) for which the subscription includes a data plan for transferring, on a
monthly basis, either a specified or an unlimited amount of data to and from Internet sites of the
subscriber's choice, and excluding subscribers whose choice of content is restricted to only customized-
for-mobile content (for example, text and multimedia messaging, or the capacity to download ringtones
and games).

Starting with the December 31, 2008, data, providers also must report, explicitly and separately, total
subscribers with a device capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps, irrespective of
the service plan purchased. The number of such devices reported for December 2008 was about 86
million. That figure is not directly comparable to mobile wireless connections reported for June 2008 or
earlier reporting periods, however, because individual providers to a varying and largely unknown
degree included or excluded subscribers with service plans for less than full Internet access in the earlier
data.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 82

Finally, the Form 477 modifications adopted for the December 31, 2008, and later, data specify how
mobile wireless providers should distinguish between residential subscribers and other subscribers, and
some of these providers consequently reported a larger share of residential subscribers than they had
reported for earlier dates.

Ratios of residential fixed-location connections to households that exceed 100%


Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, information about connections over fixed-location
technologies must be reported for individual census tracts. This allows us to estimate the share of
households with fixed-location connections in individual census tracts by taking the ratio of the reported
number of fixed-location residential service connections to the estimated number of households. In the
year-end 2009 data, we continue to find "outlier" estimates at or above 100% and to find that the number
of outliers is substantially reduced when estimates are made for individual counties rather than for
individual census tracts.

Possible explanations of ratios at or above 100% include (1) geocoding misallocations of service locations
to census tracts; (2) proper allocation of connections to the county level by some filers, but improper
allocation of all connections to a single tract in the county; (3) possible overestimation of residential
connections in service plans for which the customer base is primarily residential; and (4) connections at
seasonally or occasionally occupied housing units, such as vacation homes, while the household is
counted elsewhere. The numbers of households in census tracts that were used to generate the estimated
ratios are themselves estimates (for 2010, from GeoLytics, Inc.), which could have an independent effect.

Maps showing number of providers by census tract



Readers of previous reports in this series may note certain differences in the provider-count maps in this
report as compared to maps for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates, which showed the number of providers by
5-digit geographical ZIP Code. The ZIP Code-based maps counted (at the holding company level) each
provider with any fixed-location connections (wired, terrestrial fixed wireless, or satellite) reported for the
ZIP Code and also any mobile wireless service provider who listed the ZIP Code as part of its service
area. By contrast, in this report we provide separate maps for providers (counted at the holding company
level) of fixed-location connections and for mobile wireless providers. Also, we present maps showing
the number of providers that reported any residential fixed-location connections, thereby excluding any
providers of exclusively business fixed-location connections in the census tract.

Maps showing residential subscribership rates by census tract



The two maps based on estimated Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction per
1,000 households (that is, estimated household subscribership, or adoption, rates) are not comparable to
ZIP Code-based maps developed from FCC Form 477 data for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates because
numbers of connections were never reported for individual ZIP Codes. Readers should note that these
two maps (1) exclude all connections identified as business connections and (2) necessarily exclude
residential mobile wireless connections (which are reported for the state but not for individual census
tracts).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 83

Glossary


Term Definition

aDSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop typically using
copper facilities and providing greater bandwidth in one direction than the
other.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system.
Downstream speed
Speed of transmission from the Internet to the end user.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Facilities-based provider
Entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the
end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special
access line, or other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location
and provisions/equips it as a connection that transfers information at rates
over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one
direction to the end-user location over licensed spectrum or over spectrum
that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.
Fixed wireless
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
Fixed-location technologies All technologies other than terrestrial mobile wireless.
FTTH or FTTP
Fiber to the Home (Premises): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer's home (premises).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ISPs
Internet Service Providers: Companies or organizations that provide
Internet access service (see above).
iVoIP
Interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol: A service that enables real-
time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection
from the user's location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer
premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that
originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls
to the public switched telephone network.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Mobile wireless provider
Provider of mobile wireless service (see above).
Other wireline
All copper-wire based technologies other than DSL technologies;
Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
Power line
Internet access service delivered over electric power transmission lines.
Satellite communications
A telecommunications service provided via one or more satellite relays
and their associated uplinks and downlinks.
sDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line: DSL technology that provides equal
bandwidth for both uploads and downloads.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 84

Speed tiers
Sub-groupings defined by ranges of upstream speeds and downstream
speeds.
Upstream speed
Speed of transmission from the end user to the Internet.
Wi-Fi hotspot
Wireless Fidelity: Generic term referring to any type of IEEE 802.11
wireless network. A hotspot is a small geographic area in which users can
gain access to a Wi-Fi network which in turn connects to the Internet.
Wireless service
Telephone, Internet, data, and other services provided to customers
through the transmission of signals over networks of radio towers.
Wireless service provider
Provider of wireless service (see above).
Wireless
Any means of electronic data transfer using electromagnetic means, most
telecommunications
commonly radio waves.
WISP
Wireless ISP: A company that provides end users with wireless access to
the Internet, most commonly by using radio spectrum designated for
unlicensed use.
WLAN
Wireless local area network: A WLAN uses radio waves to connect user
devices to a local area network (LAN), thereby extending an existing
wired LAN.

.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 85

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Publication: Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010

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Document Outline

  • maps_1210_090811.pdf
    • res_fixed_hs_subratio_090711_090811
    • res_fixed_btop_subratio_090711_090811
    • total_fixed_providers_090711_090811
    • residential_fixed_providers_090711_090811
    • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_090711_090811
    • total_providers_tmw_090711_090811

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