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FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services.

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Released: June 14, 2012



Internet Access Services:

Status as of June 30, 2011








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
June 2012


















This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.








Table of Contents


Introduction...........................................................................................................................................1


Connection speeds .................................................................................................................................2

Figure 1(a)
Distribution of Reportable Connections by Downstream Speed ...............................3
Figure 1(b)
Distribution of Reportable Connections by Upstream Speed ....................................4
Figure 2(a)
Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed Below 3 mbps ............................................................................5
Figure 2(b)
Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed at Least 3 mbps but Below 6 mbps............................................6
Figure 2(c)
Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections with

Downstream Speed at Least 6 mbps..........................................................................7

Providers by census tract by connection speed ..................................................................................8

Figure 3(a)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds.........................8
Figure 3(b)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service

of Various Speeds ......................................................................................................9

Internet access adoption. ....................................................................................................................10

Figure 4
Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2011 .................................................................10

Other report highlights.......................................................................................................................11

Residential subscribership ..............................................................................................................11
Household adoption by speed tier ..................................................................................................11
Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections ..................................12
Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics .........................................................12
Maps of providers by census tract ..................................................................................................12

Remainder of the report .....................................................................................................................12

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation........................................................................................14

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States .........................................................................................34

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ...........................................................51

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures ..................................................................67

Technical Notes ...................................................................................................................................81

Glossary ...............................................................................................................................................84


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 i

Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011


Introduction.

This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits
per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on June 30, 2011, as collected by
FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet access
services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa, Guam,
Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by
telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service
providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1

Notable developments between June 2010 and June 2011 include:

• Internet connections overall are growing. The number of connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction increased by 31% year-over-year to 206 million.

• Growth is particularly high in mobile Internet subscriptions, but fixed-location connections also
continue to increase. The number of mobile subscriptions grew to nearly 120 million – up 59%
from June 2010. The number of fixed-location connections increased by 6% year-over-year, to
nearly 87 million.

• Both fixed and mobile services are shifting to higher speeds. The share of fixed connections with
speeds at or above the availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report
increased from 51% to 56% of total fixed connections. Among mobile wireless subscriptions, the
share increased from 6% to 14%.

The report reflects the Commission’s efforts to improve the way it collects, uses, and disseminates data by
focusing in detail on reported connection speeds. Before presenting that information, we note two
important points about the Form 477 data.

• First, the data track subscribership, or adoption, of services of different speeds; they do not
directly measure the availability of services of different speeds. That is, if service connections of
different speeds are available to a particular consumer for purchase – from one or more suppliers
– then only the purchased connection is counted by Form 477.

• Second, the reported connection speed is typically based on the advertised speed of the purchased
service, such as the advertised “up to” speed of a wired service or the advertised range of “typical
speeds” of a mobile wireless service. It is possible that the purchased service will not operate at
its advertised speed at all times.2


1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.
2 The Commission has worked in partnership with a third-party measurement company, SamKnows, to test actual
consumer broadband speeds. See, e.g., Federal Communications Commission, Office of Engineering and
Technology and Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, Measuring Broadband America: A Report on
Consumer Wireline Broadband Performance in the U.S.
(August 2011), available at www.fcc.gov/measuring-
broadband-america.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 1

This is the sixth report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and
counties, as well as subscribership differences among the states.3 And we continue to illustrate
correlations of subscribership and demographic measures.

Connection speeds.
The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed tiers
defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview discussion,
we organize the extensive information collected for June 2011 into three groups of downstream speeds
and three groups of upstream speeds. For the breakpoints between these groups, we use the Form 477-
defined breakpoints that the Commission discussed as potential proxies for the broadband availability
benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.4 These Form 477-defined breakpoints
are 3 mbps and 6 mbps for downstream speeds and 768 kbps and 1.5 mbps for upstream speeds.5


3 The Form 477 program began collecting state-level data in 2000. Census tract-level data were first collected in
December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of
December 31, 2008
(February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at
www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in the Form 477 data should note
the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
4 The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download
Internet content at 4 megabits per second (mbps) and to upload Internet content at 1 mbps over the service
provider’s network. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All
Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to
Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN Docket
Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, para. 11 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).
5 See Sixth Broadband Deployment Report, 25 FCC Rcd at 9568, para. 20. As explained there, the Commission
decided to evaluate the evidence of broadband availability using the Form 477-defined speed breakpoints of 3 mbps
downstream and 768 kbps upstream.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 2

Figure 1(a) illustrates how the connections reported for June 2011 were distributed across the three ranges
of downstream speed defined by breakpoints at 3 mbps and at 6 mbps.


Figure 1(a)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (206,124,000) by

Downstream Speed as of June 30, 2011


10%
29%
61%
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 mbps (60,452,000 connections)
3 mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 mbps (20,338,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps (125,334,000 connections)


• In June 2011, 61% of total reportable connections (or 125.3 million connections) were slower
than 3 mbps in the downstream direction, 10% (or 20.3 million connections) were at least 3 mbps
in the downstream direction but slower than 6 mbps, and 29% (or 60.5 million connections) were
at least 6 mbps in the downstream direction.6

• For fixed connections, 27% of reportable connections (or 23.2 million connections) were
slower than 3 mbps in the downstream direction, 16% (or 13.8 million connections) were
at least 3 mbps in the downstream direction but slower than 6 mbps, and 57% (or 49.6
million connections) were at least 6 mbps in the downstream direction.7

• For mobile connections, 85% of reportable connections (or 102.1 million connections)
were slower than 3 mbps in the downstream direction, about 5% (or 6.6 million

6 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of all reportable connections (including both fixed-location connections and
mobile wireless subscriptions) is summarized more concisely in Chart 1, at p. 17.
7 See Chart 2, at p. 18.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 3

connections) were at least 3 mbps in the downstream direction but slower than 6 mbps,
and 9% (or 10.9 million connections) were at least 6 mbps in the downstream direction.8


Figure 1(b) illustrates how the connections reported for June 2011 were distributed across the three ranges
of upstream speed defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 mbps.


Figure 1(b)

Distribution of Reportable Connections (206,124,000) by

Upstream Speed as of June 30, 2011


26%
18%
57%
Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 mbps (36,281,000 connections)
768 kbps ≤ Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (52,882,000 connections)
Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (116,961,000 connections)


• In June 2011, 57% of total reportable connections (or 117.0 million connections) were slower
than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 26% (or 52.9 million connections) were at least 768 kbps
in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 mbps, and 18% (or 36.3 million connections) were
at least 1.5 mbps in the upstream direction.

• For fixed connections, 39% of reportable connections (or 33.7 million connections) were
slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 26% (or 22.3 million connections) were
at least 768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 mbps, and 35% (or 30.6
million connections) were at least 1.5 mbps in the upstream direction.9

8 See Chart 5, at p. 21.
9 See Chart 2, at p. 18.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 4


• For mobile connections, 70% of reportable connections (or 83.2 million connections)
were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, about 26% (or 30.6 million
connections) were at least 768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 mbps,
and 5% (or 5.7 million connections) were at least 1.5 mbps in the upstream direction.10


In Figures 2(a) – 2(c), we sequentially review the upstream speeds of the total (including both fixed and
mobile) connections that fall into each of the three downstream-speed groupings that we illustrated in
Figure 1(a).


Figure 2(a)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (125,334,000) with

Downstream Speed Below 3 mbps as of June 30, 2011

0.5%
10.8%
61%
29%
49.5%
10%
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 mbps (962,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- 768 ≤ Upstream Speed <1.5 mbps (22,352,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (102,020,000 connections)


• In June 2011, about 49% of reportable connections (or 102.0 million connections) were slower
than 3 mbps in the downstream direction and also slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction.

• Additionally, about 11% of reportable connections (or 23.3 million connections) were fast enough
in the upstream direction (at least 768 kbps) but too slow in the downstream direction (less than 3
mbps) to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment
Report
.

10 See Chart 5, at p. 21.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 5

Figure 2(b)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (20,338,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 3 mbps but Below 6 mbps as of June 30, 2011

0.7%
61%
5.3%
10%
3.9%
29%
3 mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 mbps (1,404,000 connections)
3 mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- 768 ≤ Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (10,997,000 connections)
3 mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (7,937,000 connections)


• In June 2011, about 4% of reportable connections (or 7.9 million connections) were at least 3
mbps but below 6 mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the
upstream direction. These purchased connections are too slow in the upstream direction to meet
the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 6

Figure 2(c)

Distribution by Upstream Speed of Reportable Connections (60,452,000) with

Downstream Speed at Least 6 mbps as of June 30, 2011

10%
16.5%
29%
61%
9.5%
3.4%
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 mbps (33,915,000 connections)
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 mbps -- 768 ≤ Upstream Speed < 1.5 mbps (19,533,000 connections)
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 mbps -- Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (7,004,000 connections)


• In June 2011, about 3% of reportable connections (or 7.0 million connections) were at least 6
mbps in the downstream direction and were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction.
These purchased connections also are too slow in the upstream direction to meet the broadband
availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband Deployment Report.

• In sum, 68% of reportable Internet access service connections (or 140.3 million connections) in
June 2011 were too slow in both the downstream and upstream directions, or too slow in a single
direction, to meet the broadband availability benchmark adopted in the Sixth Broadband
Deployment Report
.11 About 49% of reportable connections (or 102.0 million connections) were
too slow in both directions, about 11% (or 23.3 million connections) were too slow in the
downstream direction only, and about 7% (or 14.9 million connections) were too slow in the
upstream direction only.


11 Of the 140.3 million connections that failed to meet the benchmark, 38.0 million were fixed connections and
102.3 million were mobile wireless subscriptions. Compare Tables 1 and 2, at p. 16.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 7

Providers by census tract by connection speed.

In earlier reports in which we summarized Form 477
data through June 2008, we included summary statistics for the percentage of 5-digit geographical ZIP
Codes in which differing numbers of providers (zero providers, one provider, two providers, etc.) had
customers for their reportable connections.12 The ZIP Code-based data did not include information about
the speeds of the connections that were purchased in particular ZIP Codes. However, the census tract-
level information collected on Form 477 since December 2008 does include the speeds of purchased
fixed-location connections.13 In Figure 3(a), we use that information to estimate the percentages of
households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers reported residential
fixed-location connections of several different speeds in June 2011.14


Figure 3(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report
Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2011

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
48
34
4
3
2 Providers
45
50
29
28
1 Provider
6
14
55
55
0 Providers
0
2
13
14

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.


12 For the most recent such report, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008 (July
2009) (June 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
13 Mobile wireless providers report the number of service subscriptions they have sold, and the speeds of those
service subscriptions, at the state level only. For individual census tracts, they report the speeds of mobile wireless
service subscriptions that they offer for sale – that is, the capability of the network that they operate in the census
tract.
14 A provider who reports residential connections of a particular speed in a particular census tract may or may not
offer service of that speed everywhere in the census tract.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 8

In Figure 3(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported
residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or operated a mobile wireless network capable
of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds.


Figure 3(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2011

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
downstream & over 200
downstream & 768
downstream & 1.5
downstream & 1.5
kbps upstream
kbps upstream
mbps upstream
mbps upstream
3+ Providers
84
77
51
3
2 Providers
13
15
18
28
1 Provider
3
7
22
55
0 Providers
0
1
9
14

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 9

Internet access adoption.

The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data
about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one
direction for more than a decade. Figure 4 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access
connections (that is, all reportable connections except mobile wireless connections) since 1999.15

Figure 4

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2011

90,000
100
80,000
90
80
70,000
its
nds
70
60,000
sa
u

60
50,000
Tho
n

e
r

100 Un

50
s p
ns i 40,000
n
40
e
c
t
io

n
nnectio 30,000
o
30

C

Con

20,000
20
10,000
10
0
0
999 000 000
01
02
02
03
03
04 004 05 05 06 06 07 07 08 08 09
10
11
n 2
n 2001
n 20
20
20
20
n 20
20
20 c 2009
c 20
Dec 1 Ju
Dec 2 Ju
Dec 20Ju
Dec 20Jun Dec 20Jun Dec 2 Jun Dec 20Jun 20Dec 20Ju
Dec 20Jun Dec 20Jun De
Jun 2010
De
Jun 20
Residential Fixed Connections (left axis)
Total Fixed Connections (left axis)
Residential Fixed Connections per 100 Households (right axis)
Total Fixed Connections per 100 Population (right axis)



• Between June 2001 and June 2011, total (business and residential) reportable fixed-location
connections grew from 9 million connections to nearly 87 million connections – at a compound
annual growth rate of 25% per year.

• Over the same ten-year period, residential fixed-location connections grew from nearly 8 million
connections to 79 million connections – at a compound annual growth rate of 26% per year.

• Between June 2001 and June 2011, household adoption – which we track in Figure 4 by
comparing the number of residential fixed-location connections to the number of households –
increased from 7 connections per 100 households to 65 connections per 100 households.16,17

15 Historical data not in this report may be found in June 2008 High-Speed Report at Tables 1 and 3, available in
Excel format at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
16 We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in
Figure 4, which is a statistic routinely reported by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). This ratio incorporates connections to business locations into a comparison to persons. A more accurately
measured indicator of this type would include only connections to residential locations, but OECD does not have

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 10


Other report highlights.


Residential subscribership


• Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
increased by 5% between June 2010 and June 2011, to 79 million. See Table 3.

• Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for
full Internet access increased by 62%, to nearly 93 million, between June 2010 and June 2011.
See Table 3.

• The reported data show a 25% increase between June 2010 and June 2011 in the number of
residential fixed-location connections that are at least 6 mbps downstream and 1.5 mbps upstream
(from 22.3 million to 27.9 million) and a 24% increase in the number of connections that are at
least 10 mbps downstream and 1.5 mbps upstream (from 21.8 million to 27.1 million). See Chart
12.

Household adoption by speed tier


• As a national average in June 2011, there were 38 residential fixed-location connections per 100
households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 mbps downstream and
768 kbps upstream. That was slightly more than half as large as the ratio of 67 residential fixed-
location connections of any reportable speed per 100 households.18 See Tables 15 and 16.


comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections in the member countries. (We note that the
ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to population has a maximum value for any
given country and point in time – the value when every household is connected – if we assume that no household
would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the United States in June 2011, for example, the
maximum value would be 38 because there were about 120.8 million households in the United States and inhabited
insular areas and a population of about 315.7 million.)
17 For consistency of presentation, we include only mid-year ratios in Figure 4. We calculated total fixed
connections per 100 population using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto
Rico – which are as of July 1 each year – and Census 2000 population for the remaining inhabited insular areas. We
calculated residential fixed connections per 100 households using U.S. household estimates from the Census
Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS) for July of each year, Census 2010 households for Puerto Rico, and
Census 2000 households for the remaining inhabited insular areas. (The CPS also estimates U.S. households for
March and November of each year.)
18 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing
shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the “take rate” of offered service
because, as discussed in connection with Figure 3(a), some households are located in areas where apparently no
fixed-location service is offered (as none is purchased).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 11

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

• We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of June 30, 2011. Our
estimates continue to indicate that there are substantial areas of relatively low and relatively high
household adoption around the national average. See Charts 15 and 16.

• For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of
households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. These results suggest that
some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal
evidence supports that conclusion.19

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics


• The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or
adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household
density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are
correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

• Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract. These maps are
similar to previously published maps of providers by ZIP Code, but differ in important respects.
In particular, instead of a single map combining providers of connections over all technologies
and to both residential and business end users, now separate maps depict: (1) providers of total
(combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of
residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location
connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making
reportable mobile wireless service available.20

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight
different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,
as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report
are available online at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-14 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:
number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of
providers.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 15-24 present comparable information for the
individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different
speeds.


19 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find
situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.
20 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census
tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 12

• Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 25-29
present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes
with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected
households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

• Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the
correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic
measures.
* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached
customer response form or sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: June 2011 Internet
services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data collection.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 13

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation


Contents of this section

Number of connections


Table 1
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011....................................16
Table 2
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2011 ..............16
Table 3
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011 .................16
Table 4
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps
Upstream
2008-2011 .........................................................................................................16

Speed of connections


Chart 1
Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of

June 30, 2011.....................................................................................................................17
Chart 2
Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................18
Chart 3
Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................19
Chart 4
Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................20
Chart 5
Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................21
Table 5
Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2011....................22
Table 6
Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of

June 30, 2011.....................................................................................................................23

Technology of connections


Table 7
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2007-2011...........24
Chart 6
Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011 ..............................................................24

Table 8
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology
2007-2011..........................................................................................................................25
Chart 7
Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011 ...........................................25

Connections by speed and technology


Table 9
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2011.................................................................................................26
Chart 8
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2011 ...................................................................................26
Table 10
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2011.................................................................................................27
Chart 9
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2011 ...................................................................................27
Chart 10
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2011

(Shares of selected technologies) ......................................................................................28
Chart 11
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011

(Net adds for selected technologies)..................................................................................28
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 14

Chart 12
Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) .......................................................29
Table 11
Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................30
Chart 13
Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................30
Table 12
Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2011 .....................................31
Table 13
Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2011 ..................32

Number of providers


Table 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2007-2011 .......................................................33
Chart 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2007-2011 ..........................................33


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 15

1


Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011

(In thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
119,433
136,293
157,017
182,065
206,124
Total Fixed
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,568
Mobile Wireless1
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556




Table 2

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2011

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,554
55,113
65,849
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,366
44,696
48,576
Mobile Wireless1
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
17,272




Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011

(In thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
103,300
117,088
132,567
149,441
171,767
Total Fixed
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,900
Mobile Wireless1
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867




Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2011

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,245
47,634
52,693
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,039
41,772
45,263
Mobile Wireless1
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
7,429



1 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 16

2


Chart 1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.4%
9.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
16.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.7%
< 768 kbps
3.9%
< 768 kbps
49.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
5.3%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
10.8%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 60.8%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 9.9%
>= 6 mbps; 29.3%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
102,020
7,937
7,004
116,961
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
22,352
10,997
19,533
52,882
At least 1.5 mbps
962
1,404
33,915
36,281
Total
125,334
20,338
60,452
206,124

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
49.5
3.9
3.4
56.7
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
10.8
5.3
9.5
25.7
At least 1.5 mbps
0.5
0.7
16.5
17.6
Total
60.8
9.9
29.3
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 17

3


Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011
< 768 kbps
8.1%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
15.0%
< 768 kbps
21.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.7%
< 768 kbps
>= 1.5 mbps
9.0%
34.2%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
6.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 26.8%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 15.9%
>= 6 mbps; 57.2%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
18,969
7,771
6,990
33,730
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,667
5,652
12,955
22,273
At least 1.5 mbps
595
361
29,609
30,565
Total
23,231
13,784
49,554
86,568

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
21.9
9.0
8.1
39.0
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.2
6.5
15.0
25.7
At least 1.5 mbps
0.7
0.4
34.2
35.3
Total
26.8
15.9
57.2
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 18

4


Chart 3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
7.7%
< 768 kbps
4.0%
>= 1.5 mbps
18.4%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.7%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
3.9%
< 768 kbps
3.9%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.3%
< 768 kbps
51.0%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
10.1%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 61.4%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 8.5%
>= 6 mbps; 30.1%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
87,597
6,767
6,880
101,244
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
17,396
6,666
13,252
37,313
At least 1.5 mbps
434
1,132
31,643
33,210
Total
105,427
14,565
51,775
171,767

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
51.0
3.9
4.0
58.9
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
10.1
3.9
7.7
21.7
At least 1.5 mbps
0.3
0.7
18.4
19.3
Total
61.4
8.5
30.1
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 19

5


Chart 4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011
< 768 kbps
8.7%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
< 768 kbps
0.1%
21.2%
< 768 kbps
8.4%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
15.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
6.2%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.3%
>= 1.5 mbps
35.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 25.6%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 14.8%
>= 6 mbps; 59.6%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
16,760
6,611
6,866
30,236
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
3,316
4,861
12,296
20,473
At least 1.5 mbps
85
211
27,895
28,191
Total
20,160
11,683
47,057
78,900

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
21.2
8.4
8.7
38.3
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
4.2
6.2
15.6
25.9
At least 1.5 mbps
0.1
0.3
35.4
35.7
Total
25.6
14.8
59.6
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 20

6


Chart 5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2011
>= 1.5 mbps
< 768 kbps
3.6%
69.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
5.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
4.5%
>= 1.5 mbps
0.3%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 mbps
15.6%
Downstream Speed
< 3 mbps; 85.4%
>= 3 mbps & < 6 mbps; 5.5%
>= 6 mbps; 9.1%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
mbps
mbps
At least 6 mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
83,051
166
15
83,231
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
18,686
5,345
6,578
30,609
At least 1.5 mbps
366
1,043
4,306
5,715
Total
102,103
6,554
10,899
119,556

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
69.5
0.1
0.0
69.6
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 mbps
15.6
4.5
5.5
25.6
At least 1.5 mbps
0.3
0.9
3.6
4.8
Total
85.4
5.5
9.1
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 21

7


Table 5

Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2011

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3
At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
100 mbps
100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
10,604
2,817
7,777
66
2
3
0
0
21,268

% Residential
85
96
59
93
98
100
0
0
77
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
31,716
26,145
22,961
7,871
5,639
1,361
#
0
95,694

% Residential
86
90
89
85
98
99
90
0
89
At least 768 and less than 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
#
9,753
*
10,997
10,693
8,834
6
*
52,882

% Residential
93
86
71
61
43
98
90
0
71
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
955
1,203
3,395
20,859
211
*
26,630

% Residential
100
76
45
88
94
95
99
27
93
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
*
201
1,686
3,860
1,251
1
6,999

% Residential
100
0
0
39
75
96
91
22
88
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
60
*
44
0
106

% Residential
0
0
0
100
55
67
99
0
73
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
*
0
0
*
0
1,593
159
9
1,761

% Residential
100
0
0
0
0
91
78
19
89
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
716
*
716

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
89
13
89
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
*
68

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
16
Total
Total Connections
42,327
38,716
44,291
20,338
21,475
36,512
2,387
79
206,124

% Residential
86
90
78
72
68
96
90
16
83

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 22

8


Table 6

Fixed Connections and Percentage Residential by Speed Tier as of June 30, 2011

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater
At least
At least
At least 3
At least 6
At least
At least
than 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Customer
less than
than
than
than
than
than
than
At least
Upstream Speed
Class
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
100 mbps
100 mbps
Total
Less than or equal to 200 kbps
Total Connections
1,379
2,010
139
66
2
3
0
0
3,598

% Residential
84
96
45
93
98
100
0
0
89
Greater than 200 kbps and less than 768 kbps
Total Connections
1,752
5,342
8,347
*
*
*
#
0
30,131

% Residential
87
91
86
85
98
99
90
0
90
At least 768 and less than 1.5 mbps
Total Connections
#
555
3,111
5,652
*
8,834
6
*
22,273

% Residential
93
75
93
86
88
98
90
0
92
At least 1.5 mbps and less than 3 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
589
161
*
*
211
*
22,562

% Residential
100
76
13
83
94
95
99
27
93
At least 3 mbps and less than 6 mbps
Total Connections
*
*
*
200
*
3,860
1,251
1
5,351

% Residential
100
0
0
39
64
96
91
22
92
At least 6 mbps and less than 10 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
*
2
44
0
*

% Residential
0
0
0
100
55
67
99
0
73
At least 10 mbps and less than 25 mbps
Total Connections
*
0
0
*
0
1,593
159
9
1,761

% Residential
100
0
0
0
0
91
78
19
89
At least 25 mbps and less than 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
*
0
0
716
*
716

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
89
13
89
At least 100 mbps
Total Connections
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
*
*

% Residential
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
16
Total
Total Connections
3,138
7,908
*
13,784
10,590
*
2,387
79
86,568

% Residential
86
91
84
85
94
96
90
16
91

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 23

9


Table 7

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2007-2011

(In thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
100,986
121,222
132,814
102,239
119,433
136,293
157,017
182,065
206,124
Total Fixed
65,681
70,206
73,123
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,568
aDSL
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,610
sDSL
320
293
275
241
217
225
191
167
159
Other Wireline
622
605
665
705
684
714
750
788
772
Cable Modem
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,438
43,923
45,334
46,698
FTTP1
1,281
1,849
2,346
2,884
3,548
3,980
4,441
4,993
5,476
Satellite
669
791
869
938
990
1,116
1,144
1,176
1,204
Fixed Wireless
587
707
808
485
488
527
551
587
644
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
Mobile Wireless2
35,305
51,016
59,691
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.






Chart 6

Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011

Cable Modem
FTTP
22.7%
2.7%
aDSL
15.3%
All Other
1.4%
Mobile Wireless
58.0%





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 24

10


Table 8

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2007-2011

(In thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
66,173
73,984
79,090
88,190
103,300
117,088
132,567
149,441
171,767
Total Fixed
60,628
64,875
67,554
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,900
aDSL
24,962
26,475
26,950
26,488
27,047
27,402
27,488
27,467
27,753
sDSL
105
82
81
74
71
85
65
53
52
Other Wireline
12
17
32
42
44
51
56
70
39
Cable Modem
33,336
35,341
36,901
38,681
39,909
40,872
42,178
43,295
44,480
FTTP1
1,153
1,683
2,139
2,717
3,348
3,758
4,185
4,704
5,118
Satellite
530
626
705
630
668
767
787
811
885
Fixed Wireless
523
644
741
410
417
454
486
513
567
Power Line and Other
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
Mobile Wireless2
5,545
9,109
11,536
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.






Chart 7

Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011

Cable Modem
FTTP
25.9%
3.0%
aDSL
16.2%
All Other
0.9%
Mobile Wireless
54.1%





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 25

11


Table 9

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2011

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,554
55,113
65,849
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,366
44,696
48,576
aDSL
5,403
5,614
6,389
6,277
7,305
8,909
sDSL
5
9
19
13
14
16
Other Wireline
121
128
149
176
208
202
Cable Modem
22,708
23,958
28,583
30,616
32,338
34,114
FTTP1
2,694
3,333
3,739
4,192
4,725
5,188
Satellite
#
#
#
#
#
#
Fixed Wireless
54
64
82
92
105
145
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
3
3
Mobile Wireless2
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
17,272

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.






Chart 8

Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2011
FTTP
7.9%
aDSL
13.5%
All Other
0.6%
Cable Modem
51.8%
Mobile Wireless
26.2%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 26

12


Table 10

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2011

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,245
47,634
52,693
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,039
41,772
45,263
aDSL
4,613
4,895
5,633
5,559
6,423
7,909
sDSL
1
2
10
2
2
4
Other Wireline
10
11
18
19
33
13
Cable Modem
21,776
23,025
27,548
29,398
30,742
32,321
FTTP1
2,571
3,177
3,566
3,982
4,482
4,894
Satellite
0
0
0
0
0
0
Fixed Wireless
42
50
68
77
86
120
Power Line and Other
1
1
1
1
3
3
Mobile Wireless2
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
7,429

1 Fiber to the premises. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.






Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2011
FTTP
9.3%
aDSL
15.0%
All Other
0.3%
Cable Modem
61.3%
Mobile Wireless
14.1%





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 27

13


Chart 10

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2006-2011

(Shares of selected technologies)
100
40.9
41.2
40.8
39.9
38.4
37.8
37.3
36.5
35.7
35.2
90
s
80
t
i
on
c
e
nn

70
o
d C
6.1
6.5
e
5.1
5.6
3.9
4.7
i
x

60
3.2
2.6
l
F

55.9
56.0
55.8
55.7
56.0
56.3
56.4
55.0
54.5
54.6
t
i
a
n

50
i
de
s
e
R

40
of
ge
a
nt

30
e
r
c
e
P

20
10
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






Chart 11

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2011

(Net adds for selected technologies)
4000
3564
3008
nds
a

3000
hous
2269
2302

T
n
i

2000
1988
t
i
ons
c

1209
986
933
837
onne
1000

C

265
97
442
0
Jun 2007 to
Jun 2008 to
Jun 2009 to
Jun 2010 to
Jun 2008
Jun 2009
Jun 2010
Jun 2011
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 28

14


Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)
Connections
78,900
74,151
58,675
45,263
27,895
27,131
100
2.0
16.7
17.0
6.9
8.5
10.8
6.5
58.7
56.4
69.4
90
71.4
82.7
82.6
80
70
ds
hol
e
us
o

60
of H
ge
ta
n

50
e
r
c
e

d P
te

40
a
m
ti

35.2
s
33.5

E

30
21.8
20
17.5
10
0
Over 200 kbps in at
At least 768 kbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 3 mbps
At least 6 mbps
At least 10 mbps
least one direction
downstream and over
downstream and over
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
1.5 mbps upstream
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 29

15


Table 11

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2011
(In thousands)

At Most
Over
200 kbps
200 kbps
Upstream or
Upstream and
less than
at least
768 kbps
768 kbps
Technology
Downstream
Downstream
Total
aDSL
2,892
24,861
27,753
sDSL
22
31
52
Other Wireline
3
36
39
Cable Modem
926
43,554
44,480
FTTP
16
5,103
5,118
Satellite
768
118
885
Fixed Wireless
121
446
567
Mobile Wireless
38,840
54,027
92,867
Power Line and Other
3
3
6
Total
43,589
128,178
171,767

# = Rounds to Zero.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.




Chart 13

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2011
FTTP
4.0%
Cable Modem
aDSL
34.0%
19.4%
All Other
0.5%
Mobile W ireless
42.1%
Note: The BTOP/BIP definition is advertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 30

16


Table 12

Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2011

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download
Download
Download Download
Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and
Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
824
833
1,657
1,489
4,767
8,917
10,170
3,430
1,106
74
29,953
31,610
sDSL
0
0
0
55
53
*
12
2
*
#
159
159
Other Wireline
0
0
0
54
76
440
103
21
29
48
772
772
Cable Modem
88
801
888
58
776
2,148
3,080
6,978
31,244
1,526
45,810
46,698
FTTP
4
2
6
14
50
138
217
129
4,108
814
5,470
5,476
Satellite
429
567
996
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
209
1,204
Fixed Wireless
35
17
52
82
150
191
130
30
7
2
592
644
Mobile Wireless
9,224
8,445
17,669
29,965
30,001
*
6,554
10,885
*
0
101,887
119,556
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
6
6
Total
10,604
10,664
21,268
31,723
35,899
36,514
20,272
21,473
36,509
2,466
184,856
206,124

Percentages

aDSL
2.6
2.6
5.2
4.7
15.1
28.2
32.2
10.9
3.5
0.2
94.8
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
34.6
33.4
*
7.6
1.5
*
0.2
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
9.9
57.0
13.4
2.7
3.8
6.3
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.2
1.7
1.9
0.1
1.7
4.6
6.6
14.9
66.9
3.3
98.1
100.0
FTTP
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.9
2.5
4.0
2.3
75.0
14.9
99.9
100.0
Satellite
35.6
47.1
82.7
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
17.3
100.0
Fixed Wireless
5.4
2.6
8.1
12.7
23.3
29.7
20.2
4.6
1.0
0.4
91.9
100.0
Mobile Wireless
7.7
7.1
14.8
25.1
25.1
*
5.5
9.1
*
0.0
85.2
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
Total
5.1
5.2
10.3
15.4
17.4
17.7
9.8
10.4
17.7
1.2
89.7
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 31

17


Table 13

Residential Connections by Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2011

(In thousands)


200 kbps or less Upstream
Over 200 kbps Upstream

Download
Download
Download Download
Download
Download
Download
at least
at least
at least 3
at least 6 at least 10
over 200
over 200
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
mbps
mbps
mbps
kbps and
Download
kbps and
and less
and less
and less
and less
and less
Download
less than
at least
less than
than
than
than
than
than
at least 25
Technology
768 kbps
768 kbps
Subtotal
768 kbps
1.5 mbps
3 mbps
6 mbps
10 mbps
25 mbps
mbps
Subtotal
Total
aDSL
749
766
1,515
1,376
4,308
7,752
8,573
3,158
1,002
69
26,238
27,753
sDSL
0
0
0
22
22
*
3
1
*
#
52
52
Other Wireline
0
0
0
3
6
18
11
1
#
#
39
39
Cable Modem
83
799
882
44
754
2,057
2,727
6,616
30,024
1,376
43,598
44,480
FTTP
4
2
5
10
41
93
193
118
3,941
716
5,113
5,118
Satellite
292
473
765
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
121
885
Fixed Wireless
32
16
48
72
133
171
113
25
4
#
519
567
Mobile Wireless
7,899
5,313
13,212
25,628
26,744
*
2,882
4,706
*
0
79,655
92,867
Power Line and Other
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
6
6
Total
9,059
7,369
16,427
27,162
32,032
29,872
14,504
14,625
34,984
2,162
155,340
171,767

Percentages

aDSL
2.7
2.8
5.5
5.0
15.5
27.9
30.9
11.4
3.6
0.3
94.5
100.0
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
41.3
41.6
*
5.1
2.1
*
0.0
100.0
100.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
15.4
45.3
27.5
2.8
1.1
1.0
100.0
100.0
Cable Modem
0.2
1.8
2.0
0.1
1.7
4.6
6.1
14.9
67.5
3.1
98.0
100.0
FTTP
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.8
1.8
3.8
2.3
77.0
14.0
99.9
100.0
Satellite
33.0
53.4
86.4
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
13.6
100.0
Fixed Wireless
5.7
2.8
8.5
12.8
23.4
30.2
19.9
4.4
0.8
0.1
91.5
100.0
Mobile Wireless
8.5
5.7
14.2
27.6
28.8
*
3.1
5.1
*
0.0
85.8
100.0
Power Line and Other
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
Total
5.3
4.3
9.6
15.8
18.6
17.4
8.4
8.5
20.4
1.3
90.4
100.0

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 32

34

Table 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2007-2011


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
aDSL
864
856
863
881
876
862
875
865
866
sDSL
242
233
238
264
257
261
251
247
252
Other Wireline
246
250
259
292
283
274
267
270
262
Cable Modem
282
292
296
342
351
344
345
357
401
FTTP
251
276
308
432
462
485
510
545
577
Satellite
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
4
5
Fixed Wireless
484
514
505
620
621
607
625
646
668
Mobile Wireless
19
22
24
47
48
51
55
57
64
Power Line and Other
6
7
6
5
6
6
5
7
4
Total
1,374
1,399
1,395
1,562
1,551
1,525
1,536
1,566
1,620

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.





Chart 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2007-2011

900
800
700
r
s

600
i
de

r
ov
P

500
r
of
e

400
b

Num

300
200
100
0
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Mobile Wireless






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 33

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States


Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates


Table 15
Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband

Availability Target) and Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 kbps up) .................35
Table 16
Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................36

End users of connections


Table 17
Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................37

Connections by speed and technology


Table 18
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................38
Table 19
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) .................................40
Table 20
Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................42

Connections for selected technologies


Table 21
ADSL Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................44
Table 22
Cable Modem Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................46

Number of providers


Table 23
Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................................................48

Reported availability for selected technologies


Table 24
Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2011: xDSL Availability

Where ILECs Offer Local Telephone Service and Cable Modem Availability

Where Cable Systems Offer Cable TV Service ................................................................50


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 34

19


Table 15

Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband Availability Target)

and Households by State as of June 30, 2011
(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 up and households, in thousands)
Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
424
1,867
0.23
Alaska
*
252
*
American Samoa
0
9
0.00
Arizona
993
2,464
0.40
Arkansas
215
1,144
0.19
California
5,565
12,634
0.44
Colorado
1,056
1,978
0.53
Connecticut
696
1,358
0.51
Delaware
226
343
0.66
District of Columbia
150
270
0.55
Florida
3,069
7,344
0.42
Georgia
1,262
3,697
0.34
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
100
575
0.17
Illinois
1,704
4,803
0.35
Indiana
815
2,493
0.33
Iowa
253
1,197
0.21
Kansas
276
1,101
0.25
Kentucky
567
1,718
0.33
Louisiana
473
1,694
0.28
Maine
120
539
0.22
Maryland
1,403
2,158
0.65
Massachusetts
1,762
2,568
0.69
Michigan
1,463
3,808
0.38
Minnesota
839
2,046
0.41
Mississippi
143
1,098
0.13
Missouri
531
2,374
0.22
Montana
136
394
0.35
Nebraska
294
709
0.41
Nevada
360
1,008
0.36
New Hampshire
279
513
0.54
New Jersey
2,317
3,192
0.73
New Mexico
246
759
0.32
New York
3,521
7,339
0.48
North Carolina
495
3,737
0.13
North Dakota
91
262
0.35
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
854
4,540
0.19
Oklahoma
349
1,455
0.24
Oregon
731
1,522
0.48
Pennsylvania
2,524
4,927
0.51
Puerto Rico
*
1,262
*
Rhode Island
*
410
*
South Carolina
349
1,783
0.20
South Dakota
116
317
0.37
Tennessee
789
2,511
0.31
Texas
2,508
8,977
0.28
Utah
424
894
0.47
Vermont
133
248
0.54
Virgin Islands
*
41
*
Virginia
1,725
3,052
0.57
Washington
1,393
2,615
0.53
West Virginia
198
747
0.27
Wisconsin
554
2,220
0.25
Wyoming
93
219
0.43
Total
45,263
117,671
0.38

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 35

20


Table 16

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
1,052
1,867
0.56
Alaska
178
252
0.70
American Samoa
*
9
*
Arizona
1,602
2,464
0.65
Arkansas
596
1,144
0.52
California
9,307
12,634
0.74
Colorado
1,449
1,978
0.73
Connecticut
1,056
1,358
0.78
Delaware
259
343
0.76
District of Columbia
183
270
0.68
Florida
5,284
7,344
0.72
Georgia
2,305
3,697
0.62
Guam
*
39
*
Hawaii
*
436
*
Idaho
348
575
0.60
Illinois
3,172
4,803
0.66
Indiana
1,537
2,493
0.62
Iowa
777
1,197
0.65
Kansas
726
1,101
0.66
Kentucky
1,010
1,718
0.59
Louisiana
977
1,694
0.58
Maine
398
539
0.74
Maryland
1,588
2,158
0.74
Massachusetts
1,996
2,568
0.78
Michigan
2,424
3,808
0.64
Minnesota
1,395
2,046
0.68
Mississippi
510
1,098
0.46
Missouri
1,424
2,374
0.60
Montana
257
394
0.65
Nebraska
477
709
0.67
Nevada
648
1,008
0.64
New Hampshire
407
513
0.79
New Jersey
2,562
3,192
0.80
New Mexico
451
759
0.59
New York
5,358
7,339
0.73
North Carolina
2,455
3,737
0.66
North Dakota
178
262
0.68
Northern Mariana Isl
*
14
*
Ohio
3,006
4,540
0.66
Oklahoma
824
1,455
0.57
Oregon
1,014
1,522
0.67
Pennsylvania
3,465
4,927
0.70
Puerto Rico
507
1,262
0.40
Rhode Island
301
410
0.74
South Carolina
1,075
1,783
0.60
South Dakota
193
317
0.61
Tennessee
1,378
2,511
0.55
Texas
5,612
8,977
0.63
Utah
630
894
0.70
Vermont
182
248
0.74
Virgin Islands
12
41
0.29
Virginia
2,072
3,052
0.68
Washington
1,844
2,615
0.71
West Virginia
423
747
0.57
Wisconsin
1,486
2,220
0.67
Wyoming
140
219
0.64
Total
78,900
117,671
0.67

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 36

21


Table 17

Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


Connections
Percentages

State
Residential
Business
Residential
Business
Total
Alabama
2,382
287
89.3
10.7
2,669
Alaska
432
66
86.8
13.2
498
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
3,427
520
86.8
13.2
3,947
Arkansas
1,481
200
88.1
11.9
1,681
California
21,782
4,247
83.7
16.3
26,029
Colorado
3,103
611
83.6
16.4
3,713
Connecticut
2,228
402
84.7
15.3
2,630
Delaware
547
90
85.9
14.1
638
District of Columbia
524
470
52.7
47.3
995
Florida
10,245
2,475
80.5
19.5
12,720
Georgia
5,221
1,195
81.4
18.6
6,417
Guam
62
13
82.5
17.5
76
Hawaii
861
123
87.5
12.5
984
Idaho
772
140
84.6
15.4
912
Illinois
7,126
1,519
82.4
17.6
8,645
Indiana
3,244
526
86.0
14.0
3,770
Iowa
1,398
227
86.0
14.0
1,625
Kansas
1,476
462
76.1
23.9
1,938
Kentucky
2,079
360
85.2
14.8
2,439
Louisiana
2,537
396
86.5
13.5
2,933
Maine
661
82
88.9
11.1
743
Maryland
3,609
653
84.7
15.3
4,263
Massachusetts
4,081
711
85.2
14.8
4,792
Michigan
4,660
1,317
78.0
22.0
5,977
Minnesota
2,851
654
81.3
18.7
3,505
Mississippi
1,458
169
89.6
10.4
1,628
Missouri
3,018
728
80.6
19.4
3,746
Montana
581
68
89.5
10.5
649
Nebraska
930
183
83.6
16.4
1,113
Nevada
1,574
292
84.4
15.6
1,866
New Hampshire
757
109
87.4
12.6
866
New Jersey
5,564
965
85.2
14.8
6,529
New Mexico
1,050
144
87.9
12.1
1,193
New York
11,470
2,194
83.9
16.1
13,664
North Carolina
4,922
977
83.4
16.6
5,899
North Dakota
437
62
87.5
12.5
499
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
6,173
1,155
84.2
15.8
7,328
Oklahoma
1,967
310
86.4
13.6
2,276
Oregon
2,164
385
84.9
15.1
2,549
Pennsylvania
7,057
1,155
85.9
14.1
8,212
Puerto Rico
1,268
154
89.2
10.8
1,422
Rhode Island
595
104
85.1
14.9
699
South Carolina
2,253
328
87.3
12.7
2,581
South Dakota
478
56
89.5
10.5
534
Tennessee
3,220
612
84.0
16.0
3,833
Texas
13,972
3,515
79.9
20.1
17,487
Utah
1,385
305
81.9
18.1
1,690
Vermont
326
52
86.3
13.7
377
Virgin Islands
52
15
77.6
22.4
68
Virginia
4,605
982
82.4
17.6
5,588
Washington
3,969
888
81.7
18.3
4,857
West Virginia
781
113
87.4
12.6
893
Wisconsin
2,610
544
82.8
17.2
3,154
Wyoming
334
41
89.1
10.9
375
Total
171,767
34,357
83.3
16.7
206,124

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 37

22


Table 18

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
536
5
11
556
7
*
6
1,513
*
2,669
Alaska
79
3
#
*
1
*
6
292
0
498
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
557
1
*
1,104
5
*
25
2,220
0
3,947
Arkansas
337
#
*
288
4
*
1
1,020
0
1,681
California
4,471
14
*
4,853
621
*
27
15,834
0
26,029
Colorado
*
2
22
817
9
*
45
2,126
0
3,713
Connecticut
*
2
5
713
3
*
*
1,479
0
2,630
Delaware
*
#
4
164
*
*
0
359
0
638
District of Columbia
*
2
6
*
9
*
*
784
0
995
Florida
2,104
2
*
3,313
361
*
5
6,842
0
12,720
Georgia
1,435
1
*
1,151
32
*
#
3,730
0
6,417
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
0
76
Hawaii
*
*
1
*
1
*
*
606
0
984
Idaho
185
#
*
150
2
*
31
530
0
912
Illinois
1,576
7
*
1,768
13
*
42
5,163
0
8,645
Indiana
763
3
10
766
70
*
34
2,095
*
3,770
Iowa
381
2
*
395
28
*
26
772
0
1,625
Kansas
273
1
*
447
32
*
24
1,141
0
1,938
Kentucky
481
4
*
565
13
*
7
1,339
0
2,439
Louisiana
407
2
*
593
34
*
4
1,855
0
2,933
Maine
134
4
2
286
4
*
*
304
0
743
Maryland
*
3
17
797
*
*
1
2,552
0
4,263
Massachusetts
*
3
18
1,401
*
*
2
2,633
*
4,792
Michigan
922
7
19
1,603
9
*
28
3,332
*
5,977
Minnesota
629
14
*
800
31
*
17
1,980
0
3,505
Mississippi
267
1
*
258
2
*
#
1,061
0
1,628
Missouri
862
1
*
617
10
*
13
2,181
0
3,746
Montana
123
2
2
127
5
*
18
*
0
649
Nebraska
173
1
*
316
6
*
19
587
0
1,113





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 38

23


Table 18 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Power
Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
245
#
7
*
3
*
3
1,158
0
1,866
New Hampshire
87
1
*
340
12
*
#
415
0
866
New Jersey
449
2
28
1,759
*
*
#
3,728
0
6,529
New Mexico
271
#
*
190
3
*
16
698
0
1,193
New York
928
10
47
4,091
*
*
2
7,792
*
13,664
North Carolina
1,026
1
26
1,566
22
*
1
3,226
*
5,899
North Dakota
71
1
*
96
24
*
7
296
0
499
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
1,190
5
18
1,943
37
*
26
4,075
*
7,328
Oklahoma
384
#
*
474
10
*
9
1,361
0
2,276
Oregon
358
4
*
640
74
*
11
1,436
0
2,549
Pennsylvania
1,131
6
25
2,057
*
*
1
4,467
*
8,212
Puerto Rico
*
*
4
*
*
*
*
871
0
1,422
Rhode Island
*
#
1
*
*
*
*
372
0
699
South Carolina
452
#
12
664
29
*
1
1,406
*
2,581
South Dakota
60
1
#
124
18
*
9
*
0
534
Tennessee
576
5
*
824
60
*
2
2,313
0
3,833
Texas
2,943
8
*
2,578
383
*
63
11,325
0
17,487
Utah
309
2
*
303
20
*
42
1,003
0
1,690
Vermont
87
#
3
104
5
*
*
169
0
377
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
68
Virginia
498
2
32
1,141
*
*
4
3,334
*
5,588
Washington
583
3
*
1,296
71
*
11
2,845
0
4,857
West Virginia
*
*
2
274
1
*
2
429
0
893
Wisconsin
658
16
8
870
13
*
27
1,534
*
3,154
Wyoming
59
*
1
82
1
*
6
218
0
375
Total
31,610
159
772
46,698
5,476
1,204
644
119,556
6
206,124

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 39

24


Table 19

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
78
#
2
368
4
*
1
*
0
523
Alaska
*
*
#
*
#
*
*
*
0
59
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
*
Arizona
*
*
3
777
4
*
3
*
0
1,161
Arkansas
62
*
1
165
3
*
*
*
0
233
California
1,008
1
*
4,194
600
*
8
2,125
0
7,958
Colorado
*
#
5
770
5
*
20
284
0
1,411
Connecticut
*
*
2
671
3
0
*
*
0
906
Delaware
*
*
1
147
*
0
0
*
0
285
District of Columbia
*
*
3
*
8
0
*
*
0
437
Florida
439
#
17
2,474
*
*
2
1,309
0
4,584
Georgia
290
#
8
1,012
22
*
#
*
0
1,901
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
0
8
Hawaii
*
*
#
*
1
0
0
*
0
456
Idaho
79
*
#
33
2
*
3
*
0
187
Illinois
308
2
*
1,492
9
*
11
1,102
0
2,933
Indiana
201
*
2
611
64
*
6
180
0
1,064
Iowa
145
#
1
121
13
*
6
*
0
454
Kansas
51
#
*
222
18
*
1
303
0
597
Kentucky
172
*
1
417
6
*
2
184
0
782
Louisiana
36
*
1
430
24
*
#
*
0
524
Maine
74
#
#
67
4
*
*
*
0
187
Maryland
*
*
5
748
*
*
#
353
0
1,847
Massachusetts
*
#
8
1,311
*
*
1
309
0
2,201
Michigan
197
1
*
1,334
7
*
1
660
0
2,205
Minnesota
198
2
*
677
18
*
1
348
0
1,247
Mississippi
20
*
#
138
1
*
*
*
0
172
Missouri
167
*
5
387
4
*
1
406
0
970
Montana
26
*
#
*
3
*
1
0
0
148
Nebraska
75
*
#
233
2
0
1
*
0
331





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 40

25


Table 19 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
54
*
1
*
2
*
2
*
0
592
New Hampshire
45
#
1
252
*
0
0
*
0
335
New Jersey
245
#
9
*
*
*
#
*
0
2,887
New Mexico
102
*
1
160
2
*
1
*
0
285
New York
441
1
19
2,672
*
*
1
*
0
5,060
North Carolina
264
#
*
273
16
*
#
579
0
1,139
North Dakota
22
*
#
69
10
0
*
0
0
104
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
0
*
0
*
0
0
*
Ohio
424
*
4
509
32
*
2
525
*
1,498
Oklahoma
60
*
1
297
6
*
*
171
0
536
Oregon
118
#
*
597
70
*
3
230
0
1,019
Pennsylvania
530
*
8
1,682
*
*
#
550
0
3,270
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
59
Rhode Island
*
*
#
*
*
0
*
*
0
354
South Carolina
93
*
3
269
18
*
#
126
0
509
South Dakota
10
0
#
109
10
*
1
*
0
135
Tennessee
70
#
*
728
42
*
#
306
0
1,151
Texas
735
#
*
1,564
338
*
24
2,157
0
4,836
Utah
124
*
1
278
19
*
30
*
0
617
Vermont
53
*
#
93
4
*
0
*
0
152
Virgin Islands
0
0
*
0
0
0
*
0
0
*
Virginia
257
#
13
1,047
*
*
2
446
0
2,289
Washington
210
*
3
1,213
65
*
2
415
0
1,908
West Virginia
2
0
#
206
1
*
*
*
0
244
Wisconsin
137
2
2
447
8
0
2
398
0
998
Wyoming
17
*
*
81
1
*
1
0
0
101
Total
8,909
16
202
34,114
5,188
#
145
17,272
3
65,849

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 41

26


Table 20

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Alabama
89.1
70.9
29.7
23.0
12.4
Alaska
90.0
84.2
25.2
15.4
10.3
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
89.9
69.8
37.3
29.1
20.8
Arkansas
92.0
76.6
21.8
13.6
11.1
California
89.0
74.2
35.1
25.9
18.2
Colorado
91.9
75.2
39.1
34.2
22.0
Connecticut
91.3
74.1
37.8
30.8
22.4
Delaware
89.0
69.8
47.1
41.1
33.8
District of Columbia
89.8
69.0
45.2
38.8
12.2
Florida
91.7
82.0
44.9
34.9
21.6
Georgia
89.5
74.3
37.0
25.1
15.7
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
94.7
82.8
47.7
31.2
17.2
Idaho
87.4
64.9
35.1
15.5
5.3
Illinois
91.8
78.4
39.0
27.4
17.1
Indiana
88.7
71.4
33.4
22.8
16.6
Iowa
90.1
70.1
47.1
25.6
7.8
Kansas
88.6
74.6
42.7
29.0
11.7
Kentucky
90.6
80.7
40.2
26.0
17.7
Louisiana
89.4
79.6
24.8
17.5
13.5
Maine
89.5
76.9
49.5
34.5
8.9
Maryland
88.5
71.1
44.1
35.5
29.8
Massachusetts
90.2
73.0
46.9
39.8
34.1
Michigan
87.8
71.6
40.2
31.1
16.6
Minnesota
90.0
73.9
41.4
34.0
21.1
Mississippi
93.0
62.8
20.3
11.3
4.9
Missouri
90.6
80.4
34.4
22.6
11.1
Montana
82.7
55.5
25.2
19.9
1.0
Nebraska
84.7
59.7
37.1
23.8
20.5





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 42

27


Table 20 - Continued

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 mbps
% at least 6 mbps
% at least 10 mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Nevada
92.6
80.9
41.0
27.5
18.4
New Hampshire
87.9
65.1
46.9
37.6
33.1
New Jersey
88.9
70.0
45.3
39.5
35.1
New Mexico
87.9
66.4
26.9
21.8
6.7
New York
89.0
72.9
47.3
38.4
31.3
North Carolina
86.9
68.5
43.5
30.7
8.1
North Dakota
87.0
63.2
29.8
19.8
16.6
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
84.6
63.9
36.5
26.2
6.5
Oklahoma
93.1
86.9
32.8
16.4
13.0
Oregon
92.1
77.3
42.1
34.9
24.8
Pennsylvania
89.3
72.5
44.0
32.4
25.6
Puerto Rico
85.0
78.4
19.8
9.4
0.4
Rhode Island
90.9
75.2
50.8
42.5
36.2
South Carolina
86.0
66.0
36.7
27.4
14.3
South Dakota
86.4
66.7
30.5
28.5
22.5
Tennessee
88.0
67.6
35.1
27.4
19.6
Texas
92.3
81.7
36.0
24.8
10.8
Utah
92.5
77.1
39.7
32.1
18.9
Vermont
87.6
71.7
41.3
30.0
15.8
Virgin Islands
92.5
74.4
*
*
*
Virginia
88.4
68.7
42.5
32.5
24.8
Washington
91.7
76.9
41.4
34.9
26.3
West Virginia
91.6
84.6
46.7
40.1
19.1
Wisconsin
90.6
77.7
45.4
30.1
14.9
Wyoming
86.7
57.6
28.6
22.9
1.6
Total
89.7
74.3
39.2
29.3
18.9

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 43

28


Table 21

ADSL Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
357
403
431
457
473
496
498
523
536
Alaska
64
68
72
75
77
77
77
78
79
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
406
437
454
466
487
518
527
552
557
Arkansas
227
249
267
273
298
308
314
330
337
California
4,626
4,780
4,755
4,617
4,587
4,568
4,456
4,538
4,471
Colorado
530
573
575
624
641
651
658
663
*
Connecticut
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
1,960
2,046
2,045
2,005
1,962
1,988
2,006
2,070
2,104
Georgia
1,219
1,307
1,361
1,240
1,251
1,256
1,129
1,413
1,435
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
129
142
154
160
169
174
177
181
185
Illinois
1,300
1,382
1,419
1,503
1,538
1,556
1,537
1,577
1,576
Indiana
584
636
651
672
699
721
725
754
763
Iowa
271
298
322
336
351
362
373
376
381
Kansas
225
236
241
243
250
260
264
271
273
Kentucky
340
367
385
421
431
454
459
473
481
Louisiana
306
333
354
385
390
404
397
396
407
Maine
115
118
120
114
123
125
126
125
134
Maryland
512
514
495
471
440
405
*
350
*
Massachusetts
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
690
733
749
780
835
857
860
902
922
Minnesota
449
496
529
544
573
590
611
618
629
Mississippi
180
202
220
229
240
255
240
263
267
Missouri
618
683
712
727
767
805
811
846
862
Montana
96
102
108
108
111
115
119
119
123
Nebraska
124
135
143
151
158
164
167
169
173





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 44

29


Table 21 - Continued

ADSL Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
207
220
225
222
225
229
232
242
245
New Hampshire
98
100
97
91
91
86
84
85
87
New Jersey
735
735
700
666
624
568
530
486
449
New Mexico
180
200
217
231
242
250
259
266
271
New York
1,182
1,184
1,169
1,122
1,100
1,046
1,010
957
928
North Carolina
725
820
870
891
918
969
985
995
1,026
North Dakota
51
56
60
65
64
67
67
69
71
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
951
1,024
1,034
1,069
1,109
1,127
1,145
1,177
1,190
Oklahoma
302
324
334
338
349
359
361
379
384
Oregon
339
356
361
371
367
367
362
359
358
Pennsylvania
1,126
1,191
1,209
1,231
1,246
1,232
1,202
1,159
1,131
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
323
359
386
400
412
428
437
434
452
South Dakota
46
48
53
56
58
58
60
58
60
Tennessee
447
499
535
541
549
559
570
557
576
Texas
2,294
2,464
2,475
2,608
2,706
2,784
2,797
2,898
2,943
Utah
250
270
284
299
280
309
312
311
309
Vermont
68
72
73
61
79
81
84
85
87
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
548
568
561
553
547
536
527
507
498
Washington
569
592
600
599
596
593
589
582
583
West Virginia
124
138
147
152
160
161
162
*
*
Wisconsin
484
528
556
556
586
612
615
646
658
Wyoming
50
53
55
57
58
58
59
59
59
Total
27,793
29,449
29,964
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,610

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 45

30


Table 22

Cable Modem Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
374
399
417
460
478
497
513
539
556
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
Arizona
850
897
992
1,044
1,039
1,104
1,096
1,161
1,104
Arkansas
205
214
236
227
252
262
267
278
288
California
3,411
3,603
3,799
3,990
4,144
4,223
4,418
4,639
4,853
Colorado
561
604
626
659
693
709
744
787
817
Connecticut
513
550
576
615
626
640
672
673
713
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
158
156
164
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,344
2,543
2,631
2,825
2,859
2,992
3,076
3,292
3,313
Georgia
802
862
904
974
1,020
1,022
1,052
1,114
1,151
Guam
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
116
123
127
121
130
133
137
145
150
Illinois
1,466
1,570
1,625
1,591
1,575
1,577
1,630
1,696
1,768
Indiana
410
439
456
626
641
669
697
728
766
Iowa
268
287
309
330
344
360
376
389
395
Kansas
351
369
380
415
419
435
434
441
447
Kentucky
384
435
482
452
483
497
512
530
565
Louisiana
446
485
481
518
544
559
562
586
593
Maine
169
179
197
202
224
237
259
269
286
Maryland
829
865
871
801
757
768
778
773
797
Massachusetts
1,088
1,136
1,159
1,291
1,253
1,250
1,339
1,343
1,401
Michigan
1,197
1,265
1,307
1,394
1,431
1,451
1,517
1,537
1,603
Minnesota
571
608
622
666
685
701
739
776
800
Mississippi
152
166
188
216
227
232
241
246
258
Missouri
473
498
517
560
561
586
599
604
617
Montana
74
83
90
92
102
108
113
119
127
Nebraska
238
252
262
278
286
295
293
309
316





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 46

31


Table 22 - Continued

Cable Modem Connections by State 2007-2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
New Hampshire
230
240
250
285
295
303
329
325
340
New Jersey
1,474
1,538
1,586
1,637
1,604
1,623
1,698
1,702
1,759
New Mexico
117
127
137
146
155
158
168
176
190
New York
3,164
3,342
3,548
3,749
3,850
3,886
3,982
4,013
4,091
North Carolina
1,134
1,196
1,266
1,344
1,392
1,444
1,513
1,554
1,566
North Dakota
76
80
83
85
88
93
90
101
96
Northern Mariana Isl
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,406
1,498
1,627
1,705
1,757
1,813
1,862
1,895
1,943
Oklahoma
348
373
382
408
429
432
436
468
474
Oregon
490
531
554
517
528
542
576
608
640
Pennsylvania
1,271
1,399
1,492
1,800
1,777
1,835
1,915
1,983
2,057
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
459
496
517
555
582
598
627
660
664
South Dakota
101
111
115
122
122
127
118
134
124
Tennessee
663
703
715
718
739
751
784
795
824
Texas
2,082
2,183
2,214
1,971
2,280
2,383
2,456
2,459
2,578
Utah
*
*
212
*
243
253
268
283
303
Vermont
*
*
*
71
80
83
93
97
104
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
906
921
941
1,096
1,097
1,105
1,114
1,124
1,141
Washington
862
909
944
998
1,102
1,106
1,186
1,239
1,296
West Virginia
156
159
167
205
215
226
220
255
274
Wisconsin
637
676
711
759
779
802
823
846
870
Wyoming
*
*
*
64
70
74
76
80
82
Total
34,404
36,507
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,438
43,923
45,334
46,698

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 47

32


Table 23

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
26
9
22
22
25
*
16
6
*
81
Alaska
12
4
6
4
5
*
8
6
0
22
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
24
7
24
11
24
4
22
6
0
76
Arkansas
21
8
12
17
15
*
5
5
0
53
California
36
20
46
23
28
*
35
10
0
123
Colorado
34
10
31
17
24
*
32
10
0
95
Connecticut
8
8
19
8
14
*
*
4
0
36
Delaware
5
4
14
4
6
*
0
6
0
27
District of Columbia
10
8
23
*
8
*
*
5
0
34
Florida
30
19
46
21
34
*
23
7
0
99
Georgia
34
16
35
34
42
*
8
8
0
104
Guam
*
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
0
5
Hawaii
4
4
5
*
6
*
*
5
0
19
Idaho
25
6
18
13
20
*
17
8
0
61
Illinois
60
22
44
21
29
*
51
11
0
144
Indiana
36
13
25
15
39
*
42
7
*
97
Iowa
130
31
27
43
72
*
67
10
0
210
Kansas
41
14
22
27
38
*
31
11
0
97
Kentucky
27
10
20
29
21
*
18
9
0
89
Louisiana
18
7
20
16
17
*
6
6
0
58
Maine
13
9
11
6
10
*
*
5
0
29
Maryland
15
10
29
12
15
*
8
6
0
58
Massachusetts
14
9
29
11
12
*
7
6
*
56
Michigan
39
20
35
17
22
*
30
9
*
98
Minnesota
56
18
28
19
44
*
32
6
0
108
Mississippi
20
5
19
12
11
*
5
6
0
53
Missouri
39
15
26
22
26
*
36
7
0
102
Montana
24
10
14
7
13
*
16
*
0
49
Nebraska
34
9
11
21
27
*
28
8
0
77





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 48

33


Table 23 - Continued

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
17
9
20
5
17
*
7
7
0
50
New Hampshire
13
8
17
6
11
*
4
6
0
41
New Jersey
20
12
37
6
13
*
5
6
0
56
New Mexico
23
8
16
8
11
*
15
10
0
53
New York
44
16
39
19
26
*
16
6
*
98
North Carolina
26
9
29
24
28
*
9
9
*
78
North Dakota
32
10
15
7
18
*
15
4
0
49
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
41
17
31
29
33
*
24
8
*
106
Oklahoma
40
7
22
14
16
*
14
11
0
79
Oregon
40
14
29
16
33
*
20
6
0
84
Pennsylvania
36
12
38
25
24
*
11
7
*
93
Puerto Rico
*
*
6
*
*
*
*
5
0
15
Rhode Island
6
4
11
4
6
*
*
5
0
24
South Carolina
21
5
20
16
18
*
5
8
*
52
South Dakota
30
6
12
7
20
*
20
5
0
56
Tennessee
25
13
22
16
23
*
13
7
0
76
Texas
70
24
54
33
46
*
57
10
0
165
Utah
17
9
20
8
17
*
13
7
0
51
Vermont
10
5
14
6
8
*
*
4
0
34
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
7
Virginia
28
15
31
15
21
*
16
8
*
77
Washington
30
9
28
16
29
*
24
7
0
83
West Virginia
8
*
18
12
9
*
4
8
0
44
Wisconsin
49
17
25
19
27
*
25
8
*
98
Wyoming
12
6
7
4
6
*
11
6
0
35
Total
866
252
262
401
577
5
668
64
4
1,620

* Indicates one to three providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 49

34


Table 24

Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2011

xDSL Availability Where ILECs
Cable Modem Availability Where Cable
State
Offer Local Telephone Service
Systems Offer Cable TV Service
Alabama
82
94
Alaska
76
*
American Samoa
*
*
Arizona
90
99
Arkansas
81
83
California
88
99
Colorado
*
98
Connecticut
*
100
Delaware
*
99
District of Columbia
*
*
Florida
89
97
Georgia
94
94
Guam
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
Idaho
87
98
Illinois
88
97
Indiana
87
97
Iowa
85
93
Kansas
87
92
Kentucky
88
93
Louisiana
85
94
Maine
85
96
Maryland
*
99
Massachusetts
*
100
Michigan
79
98
Minnesota
91
97
Mississippi
80
91
Missouri
85
96
Montana
84
94
Nebraska
87
95
Nevada
93
*
New Hampshire
87
98
New Jersey
80
100
New Mexico
88
93
New York
76
100
North Carolina
94
95
North Dakota
90
92
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
Ohio
88
95
Oklahoma
83
93
Oregon
91
98
Pennsylvania
75
97
Puerto Rico
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
South Carolina
90
95
South Dakota
82
88
Tennessee
85
98
Texas
83
98
Utah
95
94
Vermont
91
71
Virgin Islands
*
0
Virginia
67
96
Washington
89
97
West Virginia
*
93
Wisconsin
87
98
Wyoming
83
93
Total
84
97

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: This table summarizes responses to Form 477 questions about service availability, as opposed to subscribership. xDSL includes both asymmetric
and symmetric DSL. Each state-specific estimate is a weighted average of the availability percentages that ILECs or cable system operators report
for the areas they serve. Reported xDSL availability is weighted by ILEC end-user switched access lines and VoIP lines. Reported cable modem
availability is weighted by cable TV subscribers. The weighted averages include ILECs or cable system operators that report no availability.
Figures are presented to the nearest percent.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and II; Warren Communications News, Inc., Television & Cable Factbook: Online (Cable General Information, February 2010).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 50

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts


Contents of this section

All counties


Chart 15
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................52
Table 25
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................53

All census tracts


Chart 16
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................54
Table 26
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................55
Table 27
Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology

as of June 30, 2011 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction).......................56

Counties and census tracts in individual states


Table 28
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County

Households by State as of June 30, 2011 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ........................................................................................................57
Table 29
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract

Households by State as of June 30, 2011 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) .......................................................................................................59


Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract


Map 1
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011 .............................................61
Map 2
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps

Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011.............................62

Maps: Number of providers by census tract


Map 3
Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011 .................................................................................63
Map 4
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011 .................................................................64
Map 5
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream

and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011 ..........................................65
Map 6
Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011 .................................................................................66

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35


Chart 15

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households as of June 30, 2011
14%
Number of Counties
3,232
Median
0.55
397
12%
382
366
370
10%
s
291
t
i
e

278
un
8%
of Co
219
214
ge
ta
n
6%
e
r
c
e
P

137
128
4%
111
94
60
2%
51
42
16
17
19
23
17
0%
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households

Note: Ratios over 1 were set to 1. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




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Table 25

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households by Technology as of June 30, 2011


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
0.7
2.4
5.1
26.7
29.0
20.7
9.5
3.5
1.6
0.4
0.3
sDSL
83.1
15.8
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
95.3
4.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
13.8
9.3
10.2
18.4
18.0
14.1
9.6
4.5
1.9
0.2
0.1
FTTP
61.9
27.6
3.6
2.9
2.0
0.9
0.7
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
Satellite
0.7
83.7
12.7
2.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
48.1
40.9
6.6
3.5
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.5
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.1
0.4
0.5
1.3
5.0
10.7
19.9
23.3
32.1
5.3
1.3

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



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Chart 16

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households as of June 30, 2011
8
Number of Tracts
66,287
Median
0.62
7
6
t
s
c
5
ra
T
of
ge
4
a
nt
e
rc
e
3

P

2
1
0
0
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households

Note: Ratios over 2 were set to 2. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 54

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Table 26

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households by Technology as of June 30, 2011


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
4.9
9.9
10.4
25.1
20.6
13.7
7.7
3.6
2.6
0.7
0.8
sDSL
95.7
4.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.2
3.8
3.8
12.4
16.6
16.7
14.6
10.8
10.1
2.9
2.1
FTTP
79.8
7.9
1.7
2.7
2.1
1.7
1.3
1.0
1.2
0.3
0.3
Satellite
46.5
47.9
3.9
1.5
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
84.6
12.2
1.7
1.1
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.8
0.4
0.5
2.7
6.5
10.0
12.6
14.1
25.0
15.3
12.1

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



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Table 27

Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Number of Providers
Seven or
Technology
Zero
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
More
aDSL
4.9
46.1
35.2
11.6
1.9
0.3
0.0
0.0
sDSL
95.7
4.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
6.2
80.7
12.4
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
FTTP
79.8
19.6
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
46.5
21.8
28.1
3.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
84.6
12.0
2.8
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
aDSL and/or Cable Modem and/or FTTP
1.1
6.2
39.4
34.5
14.8
3.4
0.6
0.1
Any Technology
0.8
2.6
17.8
25.5
25.0
15.9
7.6
4.8

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI and Census 2000.



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Table 28

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and
than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
67
0
0
0
2
5
12
25
13
9
1
0
Alaska
27
0
0
0
3
1
2
4
4
11
2
0
American Samoa
5
3
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
15
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
5
8
0
0
Arkansas
75
0
0
0
0
2
24
32
11
6
0
0
California
58
0
0
0
1
0
0
6
12
30
7
2
Colorado
64
0
0
0
0
1
2
6
19
22
10
4
Connecticut
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
5
0
Delaware
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
District of Columbia
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Florida
67
0
0
0
0
2
2
14
7
36
5
1
Georgia
159
0
11
9
11
14
14
25
19
34
18
4
Guam
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Hawaii
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
0
Idaho
44
0
0
0
2
1
3
9
11
18
0
0
Illinois
102
0
0
0
1
3
12
24
25
31
3
3
Indiana
92
0
0
0
0
0
10
27
29
23
2
1
Iowa
99
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
45
46
1
0
Kansas
105
0
0
0
0
0
4
17
40
40
4
0
Kentucky
120
0
0
0
1
9
16
31
34
29
0
0
Louisiana
64
0
0
0
0
6
12
15
15
15
1
0
Maine
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
11
3
0
Maryland
24
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
2
11
5
1
Massachusetts
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
3
3
Michigan
83
0
0
0
1
5
5
18
19
33
1
1
Minnesota
87
0
0
0
0
0
2
9
26
47
3
0
Mississippi
82
0
0
1
4
26
26
14
3
7
0
1
Missouri
115
0
0
1
1
3
16
46
30
16
2
0
Montana
56
0
0
0
0
0
1
10
20
24
1
0
Nebraska
93
0
0
0
0
0
1
24
27
40
1
0





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Table 28 - Continued

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and
than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
17
0
0
0
1
0
4
3
2
7
0
0
New Hampshire
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
6
3
0
New Jersey
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
8
11
1
New Mexico
33
0
0
0
0
3
6
7
7
9
1
0
New York
62
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
41
11
4
North Carolina
100
0
0
0
0
0
2
25
36
28
6
3
North Dakota
53
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
13
31
2
2
Northern Mariana Isl
4
1
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
88
0
0
0
0
0
5
13
20
47
2
1
Oklahoma
77
0
0
0
0
9
18
22
17
10
0
1
Oregon
36
0
0
0
0
0
1
7
13
15
0
0
Pennsylvania
67
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
12
36
8
4
Puerto Rico
78
0
0
0
2
18
26
27
1
4
0
0
Rhode Island
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
1
South Carolina
46
0
0
0
0
4
10
7
14
9
2
0
South Dakota
66
0
0
0
1
2
3
12
21
24
3
0
Tennessee
95
0
0
0
1
8
20
31
26
8
1
0
Texas
254
0
0
2
1
21
46
64
59
51
7
3
Utah
29
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
8
14
4
0
Vermont
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
8
3
0
Virgin Islands
3
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
Virginia
134
0
0
3
7
12
18
24
30
26
14
0
Washington
39
0
0
0
0
2
3
3
5
23
3
0
West Virginia
55
0
0
0
0
1
6
16
20
12
0
0
Wisconsin
72
0
0
1
0
0
1
5
14
46
5
0
Wyoming
23
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
6
11
1
0
Total
3,232
4
12
17
42
162
347
644
753
1038
171
42

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
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Table 29

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and
than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Alabama
1,081
0
5
4
54
122
208
192
143
198
93
62
Alaska
158
2
0
2
9
7
5
15
15
53
36
14
American Samoa
21
5
10
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
Arizona
1,107
15
10
16
53
85
109
144
166
254
127
128
Arkansas
624
1
2
6
33
94
124
120
96
82
38
28
California
7,049
41
15
13
115
248
431
743
895
2,026
1,515
1,007
Colorado
1,075
15
1
0
8
36
70
129
167
296
181
172
Connecticut
815
3
0
0
0
17
30
52
76
234
295
108
Delaware
197
1
0
1
6
17
19
24
20
29
26
54
District of Columbia
188
7
1
1
0
5
12
23
17
70
26
26
Florida
3,153
9
5
5
33
123
270
401
449
807
504
547
Georgia
1,618
11
56
27
83
156
184
198
191
313
197
202
Guam
56
9
0
0
1
2
3
1
2
7
7
24
Hawaii
286
7
1
0
1
5
2
13
30
112
76
39
Idaho
280
1
3
1
6
12
41
59
50
58
23
26
Illinois
2,964
16
7
9
53
181
344
379
425
862
429
259
Indiana
1,412
3
5
3
26
86
202
242
254
359
139
93
Iowa
793
2
1
0
2
15
45
120
199
306
70
33
Kansas
727
7
2
0
6
23
73
120
132
220
78
66
Kentucky
994
2
4
4
30
79
128
183
190
229
88
57
Louisiana
1,106
6
3
5
38
133
164
186
155
258
111
47
Maine
344
0
0
0
0
3
10
27
42
156
72
34
Maryland
1,216
6
3
5
49
81
90
94
115
289
236
248
Massachusetts
1,361
5
0
1
8
71
111
110
118
285
374
278
Michigan
2,716
16
5
7
108
211
254
305
365
737
459
249
Minnesota
1,300
6
1
3
8
33
80
154
242
437
214
122
Mississippi
605
0
0
7
43
132
150
88
63
75
25
22
Missouri
1,320
10
3
9
43
125
176
201
230
284
153
86
Montana
270
6
4
1
6
6
22
36
55
95
20
19
Nebraska
503
3
2
0
2
12
43
86
103
151
53
48





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 59

43


Table 29 - Continued

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2011

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
Greater
than 0 and
than 5 and than 10 and than 20 and than 30 and than 40 and than 50 and than 60 and than 80 and
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
no more
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
than 5%
than 10%
than 20%
than 30%
than 40%
than 50%
than 60%
than 80%
than 100%
more
Nevada
487
9
3
9
27
45
71
66
51
91
57
58
New Hampshire
272
0
0
0
1
0
6
12
24
105
78
46
New Jersey
1,944
14
2
2
32
79
116
139
183
405
476
496
New Mexico
456
18
10
6
17
34
53
76
61
96
40
45
New York
4,898
98
3
8
41
230
433
640
711
1,063
803
868
North Carolina
1,555
2
2
3
34
81
198
258
270
350
183
174
North Dakota
227
6
0
1
1
9
13
31
25
102
29
10
Northern Mariana Isl
21
1
2
0
8
4
3
1
0
2
0
0
Ohio
2,934
13
1
6
53
195
279
343
451
887
485
221
Oklahoma
990
5
11
12
53
88
134
190
141
191
94
71
Oregon
755
1
0
1
1
14
47
91
174
254
119
53
Pennsylvania
3,134
34
24
6
113
243
266
256
333
728
597
534
Puerto Rico
823
9
42
39
144
168
117
111
57
61
28
47
Rhode Island
233
0
0
1
3
28
25
17
13
37
43
66
South Carolina
867
4
1
2
43
98
163
133
111
154
73
85
South Dakota
235
16
1
3
9
6
22
36
41
81
16
4
Tennessee
1,261
8
3
13
69
137
224
235
177
226
90
79
Texas
4,388
24
20
45
213
476
657
618
628
801
427
479
Utah
496
7
4
1
7
8
27
49
94
149
77
73
Vermont
179
0
0
0
0
1
6
13
27
73
39
20
Virgin Islands
32
0
0
3
8
6
6
5
2
1
1
0
Virginia
1,530
5
6
18
58
102
136
188
196
350
250
221
Washington
1,318
2
0
1
18
31
76
152
180
440
253
165
West Virginia
466
0
6
8
17
31
48
79
93
119
49
16
Wisconsin
1,320
8
1
1
11
56
88
154
254
474
180
93
Wyoming
127
1
0
0
4
2
9
10
28
55
13
5
Total
66,287
500
291
320
1,810
4,293
6,623
8,348
9,331
16,578
10,165
8,028

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 60

Map 1

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction per 1,000 Households

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households by
census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Connections data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household counts
for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 61

Map 2

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps Upstream

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
upstream and at least 768 kbps downstream. All technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless are included.
Connections are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from ESRI.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2010 estimates from Geolytics. Household
counts for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 62

Map 3

Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates
greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include al
technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 63

Map 4

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by
census tract. A provider is counted only if it reported residential
connections in the tract. Connections have information transfer
rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include
al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from ESRI. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2000 Summary File 3 Technical
Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 64

Map 5

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census tract.
A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in the tract.
Connections have information transfer rates of at least 3 mbps downstream
and at least 768 kbps upstream and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile
wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census
2000 Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 65

Map 6

Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Providers (Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of potential providers of mobile connections
with information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction by
census tract. Providers are counted if they indicate that service is available in
a tract over a network the provider operates.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are
from ESRI. For more information about census tracts please see Census 2000
Summary File 3 Technical Documentation, page A-11.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 66

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures


Contents of this section

Household income


Chart 17
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2011 (County Data) .............................68
Chart 18
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2011 .....................69

Household density


Chart 19
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2011 (County Data).............................70
Chart 20
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2011.....................71

Education


Chart 21
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County
Data) ....................................................................................................................72
Chart 22
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree

(in Deciles) as of June 30, 2011 ........................................................................................73

Age


Chart 23
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2011 (County Data) ................74
Chart 24
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population

(in Deciles) as of June 30, 2011 .......................................................................................75

Race


Chart 25
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2011 (County Data).......76
Chart 26
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)

as of June 30, 2011 ............................................................................................................77

Technology and household density


Chart 27
Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of

June 30, 2011 (Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) ....78

Income and household density


Chart 28
Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of

June 30, 2011 (Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
by
Tract) ............................................................................................................................79
Chart 29
Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction to Households by Income and Density, Tract Data as of June 30, 2011 ...........80

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Chart 17

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County Data)
0.80
0.78
0.70
0.68
0.67
0.65
0.63
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.56
0.53
0.54
0.50
0.51
0.49
0.49
0.49
t
i
o
a

0.47
R
0.45
i
p
h
s
er

0.40
0.41
0.41
i
b

bscr
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Counties Ranked by Median Household Income, in Deciles Higher Income

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by income deciles. Counties were grouped into income deciles based on county median household income in 1999, as reported by the
Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the
decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




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Chart 18

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2011

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.39
0.45
0.48
0.50
0.54
0.57
0.57
0.60
0.64
0.75
Median
0.38
0.45
0.47
0.50
0.53
0.57
0.59
0.61
0.64
0.75
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
o
Median
ti 0.6
a
R
p

Q1
r
shi
e
0.5
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Median Household Income in 1999 by Decile Higher Income

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the income decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the averageresidential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




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Chart 19

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County Data)
0.80
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.67
0.63
0.62
0.60
0.59
0.58
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.54
0.52
0.51
0.50
t
i
o
a
R
i
p
h
s
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0.40
i
b

bscr
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Counties Ranked by Household Density, in Deciles Higher Density

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by density deciles. Counties were grouped into density deciles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of estimated
county households in 2010 to county land area from the Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps
in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential
fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




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Chart 20

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2011

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.55
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.48
0.52
0.55
0.60
0.66
0.64
Median
0.55
0.54
0.49
0.47
0.48
0.51
0.53
0.59
0.67
0.68
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
o
ti
0.6
Median
a
R
p

Q1
r
shi
e
0.5
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density County Household Density by Decile Higher Density

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the density decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County land area).




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Chart 21

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County Data)
0.80
0.75
0.70
0.68
0.67
0.64
0.63
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.53
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.50
0.50
0.49
0.48
t
i
o

0.47
a
R
i
p

0.44
0.44
h
s
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0.40
i
b

bscr
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of College Graduates, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county share of college graduates in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population at
least 25 years of age with a college degree or higher educational attainment. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over
200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of
residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




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Chart 22

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2011

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.40
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.58
0.61
0.66
0.74
Median
0.40
0.45
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.57
0.59
0.62
0.67
0.74
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
o
Median
ti 0.6
a
R
p

Q1
r
shi
e
0.5
r
i
b

ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share of College Graduates by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the share decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County educational attainment).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 73

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Chart 23

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County Data)
0.70
0.70
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.69
0.68
0.68
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.66
0.67
0.66
0.66
0.63
0.60
0.61
0.50
t
i
o
a

0.40
R
i
p
h
s
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i
b

bscr
u
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age Counties Ranked by Average Age, in Deciles Higher Average Age

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by county average age in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the average age of the county population. For each
decile, the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of
households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




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Chart 24

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2011

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.56
0.58
0.55
0.54
0.55
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.55
0.58
Median
0.59
0.60
0.57
0.55
0.55
0.53
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.58
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
o
Q3
ti 0.6
a
R
p

Median
r
shi
e
0.5
r
i
b

Q1
ubsc
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age County Average Age by Decile Higher Average Age

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in the average age decile. Some of the features are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the average residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (County average age).




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Chart 25

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2011
(County Data)
0.80
0.72
0.70
0.69
0.67
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.66
0.67
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.60
0.60
0.56
0.50
t
i
o
a
R
i
p
h
s
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0.40
i
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u
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0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of Population White, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulative and non-cumulative subscribership ratios by the share of county population white alone in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population that
reported their race as white alone. For each decile,the height of any red, non-cumulative bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties
in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulative bar for decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 76

53


Chart 26

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2011

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.43
0.51
0.53
0.58
0.58
0.59
0.58
0.59
0.56
0.55
Median
0.42
0.50
0.53
0.58
0.58
0.59
0.57
0.59
0.55
0.54
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

o
ti
a
0.6
Median
R
i
p
sh
er
0.5
Q1
i
b

scr
b
u
S
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share County Share White Alone by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction for counties in each race decile. Counties were grouped into
deciles based on the share of the county population that reported their race as white alone. Some of the features are labeled, but note also that + denotes the position of the average
residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observation above Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum observation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and
is a data point beyond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 77

54


Chart 27

Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of June 30, 2011

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
90
80
ns
70
t
i
o
c
e
nn
o
C
d

60
e
e
p
-
S
h
i
g

50
d H
e
x
l
Fi
t
i
a
n

40
i
de
s
e
R
of

30
ge
t
a
n
e
rc
e
P

20
10
0
Lowest Density
Highest Density
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Satellite
Fixed Wireless
This chart shows subscribership ratios by technology and household density. Tracts were grouped into 100 density percentiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau. For each percentile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of residential fixed
connections to households across tracts in the percentile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 78

55


Chart 28

Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of June 30, 2011

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction by Tract)
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Richest
Highest Density
Poorest
Lowest Density
This chart shows subscribership ratios by household density and income quantiles. Tracts were grouped into 400 density/income quantiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2010 to tract land area from the Census Bureau, and median household income. For each quantile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted average ratio of
residential fixed connections to households across tracts in the decile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Tract land area, Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 79

56


Chart 29

Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households by Income and Density

Tract Data as of June 30, 2011

100%
90%
80%
s
d

70%
ehol
s
u
o
H

60%
t
i
ons to
c
e

50%
onn
of C
o

40%
ati
R
n
a

30%
edi
M

20%
10%
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Tract Density (Households per Square Mile) in Deciles Higher Density

Tract Median Income in Deciles
less than $22,907
$22,907 to $28,245
$28,245 to $32,004
$32,004 to $35,699
$35,699 to $39,615
$39,615 to $43,859
$43,859 to $49,750
$49,750 to $57,281
$57,281 to $70,136
more than $70,136
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2010 Block-Level Estimates (Households in 2010); and Census 2000 (Median household income in 1999).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 80


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at www.fcc.gov/form477.

Wherever a number of providers is cited in this report, multiple Form 477 filers within a holding
company structure count as one provider.

Form 477 collects information about Internet access connections in service to end-user locations that are
advertised to deliver information to and/or from the end user – that is, in at least one direction – at transfer
rates (“speeds”) above 200 kilobits per second (kbps). Information is collected about connections in 72
speed tiers (nine upstream tiers and eight downstream) defined by ranges of upstream speeds and
downstream speeds. Connections are further categorized by the technology employed by the part of the
connection that terminates at the end-user location.

“End users” are residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use services for their own
purposes and who do not resell such services to other entities. Facilities-based providers report
information about connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also connections
that they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users. For Form 477 purposes, the
facilities-based provider of a connection is the entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that
terminates at the end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special access line, or
other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location and provisions/equips it as a connection that
transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction to the end-user location
over licensed spectrum or over spectrum that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.

The mutually exclusive Form 477 technology categories are: asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
(“aDSL” in this report), symmetric Digital Subscriber Line (“sDSL”), other wireline, cable modem,
optical fiber to the end-user premises (“FTTP”), satellite, fixed wireless (using licensed or unlicensed
spectrum), mobile wireless (using licensed or unlicensed spectrum), electric power line, and all other
(which is included to capture deployment of additional technologies over time). In the Form 477 data
collection, aDSL-based services delivered over fiber-to-the-node architecture are reported in the aDSL
category. The other wireline category comprises T1/DS1, T3/DS3, and other copper-based connections,
not elsewhere categorized, that deliver Internet access service at the end-user location. Ethernet
connections delivering Internet access service are reported in the other wireline category if the connection
terminates over copper and in the FTTP category if the connection terminates over fiber. Connections
deployed over hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture are reported in the cable modem category. Wireless
ISPs (“WISPs”) report in the fixed wireless category if providing service to dispersed, fixed end-user
locations and report in the mobile wireless category if providing a commercial service that can be
received at any location within a service footprint. Wireless local area networks (such as Wi-Fi hotspots)
that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises connection are not included, although the
shared premises connection is included.

Numbers of connections presented in this report are not adjusted for the number of persons at a single
end-user location who have access to, or who use, the Internet access services delivered over the
connection to that location.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 81

Numbers of residential connections are estimated based on the total connections and percentage-
residential connections information reported on Form 477.

Census tracts



Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, facilities-based providers of reportable fixed-location
Internet access connections must report connection counts and percentage residential information at the
census tract level of detail. Because of the inherent mobility of their service, facilities-based mobile
wireless providers do not report subscriber counts by census tract. Instead, they report the census tracts in
the state that best represent the areas where service is available over the provider’s own network, for each
of the speed tiers in which the provider offers service.

The census tract-level data summarized in this report were collected for tracts in the 2000 decennial
census. For that census, the Census Bureau assigned a default census tract code of 000000 to some
coastal and Great Lakes water and territorial sea. These default-code tracts are not included in the
statistics presented in this report, which therefore summarize data for 66,287 census tracts.

According to GeoLytics, Inc. estimates for 2010, about 200 census tracts have population but no
households because the population resides in group living quarters. For the purpose of estimating
residential subscribership rates by census tract, we assume these census tracts have no reportable
residential Internet access service because persons residing in group quarters would have Internet access
over a business connection provided to the operator of the group quarters. Therefore, these census tracts
are included in the “zero” column.

Decline in reported mobile wireless connections between June 2008 and December 2008

Changed reporting instructions starting in December 2008 caused a one-time decrease in the reported
number of mobile wireless Internet access service connections, from about 60 million in June 2008 to
about 25 million in December 2008. For reporting periods through June 30, 2008, Form 477 had
instructed mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers whose mobile device (such as a
wireless modem laptop card, smartphone, or handset) was capable of sending or receiving data at speeds
above 200 kbps. The Commission found these instructions insufficiently precise to enable it to
determine, from the reported data, the number of subscribers making regular use of Internet access service
above 200 kbps as part of their mobile service package. Starting with the December 31, 2008 data,
therefore, Form 477 requires mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers that have a
capable device (as discussed above) for which the subscription includes a data plan for transferring, on a
monthly basis, either a specified or an unlimited amount of data to and from Internet sites of the
subscriber’s choice, and excluding subscribers whose choice of content is restricted to only customized-
for-mobile content (for example, text and multimedia messaging, or the capacity to download ringtones
and games).

Starting with the December 31, 2008, data, providers also must report, explicitly and separately, total
subscribers with a device capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps, irrespective of
the service plan purchased. The number of such devices reported for December 2008 was about 86
million. That figure is not directly comparable to mobile wireless connections reported for June 2008 or
earlier reporting periods, however, because individual providers – to a varying and largely unknown
degree – included or excluded subscribers with service plans for less than full Internet access in the earlier
data.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 82

Finally, the Form 477 modifications adopted for the December 31, 2008, and later, data specify how
mobile wireless providers should distinguish between residential subscribers and other subscribers, and
some of these providers consequently reported a larger share of residential subscribers than they had
reported for earlier dates.

Ratios of residential fixed-location connections to households that exceed 100%


Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, information about connections over fixed-location
technologies must be reported for individual census tracts. This allows us to estimate the share of
households with fixed-location connections in individual census tracts by taking the ratio of the reported
number of fixed-location residential service connections to the estimated number of households. In the
year-end 2009 data, we continue to find “outlier” estimates at or above 100% and to find that the number
of outliers is substantially reduced when estimates are made for individual counties rather than for
individual census tracts.

Possible explanations of ratios at or above 100% include (1) geocoding misallocations of service locations
to census tracts; (2) proper allocation of connections to the county level by some filers, but improper
allocation of all connections to a single tract in the county; (3) possible overestimation of residential
connections in service plans for which the customer base is primarily residential; and (4) connections at
seasonally or occasionally occupied housing units, such as vacation homes, while the household is
counted elsewhere. The numbers of households in census tracts that were used to generate the estimated
ratios are themselves estimates (for 2010, from GeoLytics, Inc.), which could have an independent effect.

Maps showing number of providers by census tract



Readers of previous reports in this series may note certain differences in the provider-count maps in this
report as compared to maps for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates, which showed the number of providers by
5-digit geographical ZIP Code. The ZIP Code-based maps counted (at the holding company level) each
provider with any fixed-location connections (wired, terrestrial fixed wireless, or satellite) reported for the
ZIP Code and also any mobile wireless service provider who listed the ZIP Code as part of its service
area. By contrast, in this report we provide separate maps for providers (counted at the holding company
level) of fixed-location connections and for mobile wireless providers. Also, we present maps showing
the number of providers that reported any residential fixed-location connections, thereby excluding any
providers of exclusively business fixed-location connections in the census tract.

Maps showing residential subscribership rates by census tract



The two maps based on estimated Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction per
1,000 households (that is, estimated household subscribership, or adoption, rates) are not comparable to
ZIP Code-based maps developed from FCC Form 477 data for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates because
numbers of connections were never reported for individual ZIP Codes. Readers should note that these
two maps (1) exclude all connections identified as business connections and (2) necessarily exclude
residential mobile wireless connections (which are reported for the state but not for individual census
tracts).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 83

Glossary


Term Definition

aDSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop typically using
copper facilities and providing greater bandwidth in one direction than the
other.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system.
Downstream speed
Speed of transmission from the Internet to the end user.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Facilities-based provider
Entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the
end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special
access line, or other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location
and provisions/equips it as a connection that transfers information at rates
over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one
direction to the end-user location over licensed spectrum or over spectrum
that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.
Fixed wireless
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
Fixed-location technologies
All technologies other than terrestrial mobile wireless.
FTTH or FTTP
Fiber to the Home (Premises): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer’s home (premises).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ISPs
Internet Service Providers: Companies or organizations that provide
Internet access service (see above).
iVoIP
Interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol: A service that enables real-
time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection
from the user’s location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer
premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that
originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls
to the public switched telephone network.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Mobile wireless provider
Provider of mobile wireless service (see above).
Other wireline
All copper-wire based technologies other than DSL technologies;
Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
Power line
Internet access service delivered over electric power transmission lines.
Satellite communications
A telecommunications service provided via one or more satellite relays
and their associated uplinks and downlinks.
sDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line: DSL technology that provides equal
bandwidth for both uploads and downloads.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 84

Speed tiers
Sub-groupings defined by ranges of upstream speeds and downstream
speeds.
Upstream speed
Speed of transmission from the end user to the Internet.
Wi-Fi hotspot
Wireless Fidelity: Generic term referring to any type of IEEE 802.11
wireless network. A hotspot is a small geographic area in which users can
gain access to a Wi-Fi network which in turn connects to the Internet.
Wireless service
Telephone, Internet, data, and other services provided to customers
through the transmission of signals over networks of radio towers.
Wireless service provider
Provider of wireless service (see above).
Wireless
Any means of electronic data transfer using electromagnetic means, most
telecommunications
commonly radio waves.
WISP
Wireless ISP: A company that provides end users with wireless access to
the Internet, most commonly by using radio spectrum designated for
unlicensed use.
WLAN
Wireless local area network: A WLAN uses radio waves to connect user
devices to a local area network (LAN), thereby extending an existing
wired LAN.

.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 85

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Publication: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011

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Document Outline

  • ias_maps_0611.pdf
    • res_fixed_hs_subratio_012012_v1
    • res_fixed_btop_subratio_012012_v1
    • total_fixed_providers_012012_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_012012_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_012012_v1
    • total_providers_tmw_012012_v1
  • ias_maps_0611_v2.pdf
    • res_fixed_hs_subratio_040312_v1
    • res_fixed_btop_subratio_040312_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_040312_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_040312_v1
    • total_fixed_providers_040312_v1
    • total_providers_tmw_040312_v1

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