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FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services.

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Released: May 20, 2013



Internet Access Services:

Status as of June 30, 2012








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
May 2013


















This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site athttp://www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.











Table of Contents


Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1


Figure 1
Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 ........................... 2
Figure 2
Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of June 30, 2012 .................................................................................................... 3

Connection speeds in detail .................................................................................................................. 3

Figure 3(a)
Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed ..................... 4
Figure 3(b)
Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed .......................... 5
Figure 4(a)
Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed................... 6
Figure 4(b)
Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed ....................... 7

Providers by census tract by connection speed .................................................................................. 8

Figure 5(a)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds ......................... 9
Figure 5(b)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service

of Various Speeds .................................................................................................... 10

Internet access adoption. .................................................................................................................... 11

Figure 6
Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 ................................................................. 11

Other report highlights ....................................................................................................................... 12

Residential subscribership .............................................................................................................. 12
Household adoption of faster speeds .............................................................................................. 12
Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections .................................. 13
Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics ......................................................... 13
Maps of providers by census tract .................................................................................................. 13

Remainder of the report ..................................................................................................................... 13

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation ........................................................................................ 15

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States ......................................................................................... 33

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ........................................................... 50

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures .................................................................. 66

Technical Notes ................................................................................................................................... 80

Glossary ............................................................................................................................................... 83

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 i

Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012


Introduction.

This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits
per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on June 30, 2012, as collected by
FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet access
services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa, Guam,
Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by
telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service
providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1 This is the
eighth report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and counties, as well
as subscribership differences among the states.2

Notable developments between June 2011 and June 2012 include:

• Internet connections overall are growing. The number of connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction increased by 18% year-over-year to 243 million.

• Growth is particularly high in mobile Internet subscriptions, but fixed-location connections also
continue to increase. The number of mobile subscriptions grew to 153 million – up 28% from
June 2011. The number of fixed-location connections increased by 4% year-over-year, to 90
million.

• Both fixed and mobile services are shifting to higher speeds. The share of fixed connections with
download speeds at or above 3 Mbps and upload speeds at or above 768 kbps increased from
56% to 64% of total fixed connections. Among mobile wireless subscriptions, the share
increased from 14% to 28%.

• Despite the strong growth of total mobile connections, fixed connections continued to dominate
among those connections with higher download and upload speeds. Figure 1 illustrates the trend
in connections speeds from December 2009 through June 2012, and Figure 2 presents a side-by-
side comparison of fixed and mobile connection speeds in June 2012.

1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.
Readers should note two key aspects of the Form 477 data. First, if service connections of different speeds are
available to a particular consumer for purchase – from one or more suppliers – then only the purchased connection
is counted by Form 477. Second, the reported connection speed is typically the advertised speed of the purchased
service, and it is possible that the purchased service will not operate at its advertised speed at all times. The
Commission has sponsored tests of actual consumer broadband speeds. See, e.g., Federal Communications
Commission, Office of Engineering and Technology and Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, 2013
Measuring Broadband America: A Report on Consumer Wireline Broadband Performance in the U.S.
(February
2013), availablhttp://www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america">e at www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america.
2 Census tract-level data were first collected for December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-
Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of December 31, 2008
(February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed
Report
) at pp. 1-4, available athttp://transition.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in
the Form 477 data should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 1

Figure 1

Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed* 2009-2012



* Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals elsewhere in this report due to rounding.
Connections include both residential and business connections. In June 2012, total connections were reported as 34% residential
fixed connections, 3% business fixed connections, 47% mobile connections to non-business subscribers, and 16% mobile
connections to business subscribers.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 2

Figure 2

Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of June 30, 2012

12%
41%
16%

23%
72%
36%







Connection speeds in detail.
The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed
tiers defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview
discussion, we organize the extensive information collected for December 2011 into three groups of
downstream speeds and three groups of upstream speeds. We do this separately for fixed-location
connections and for mobile connections. For the breakpoints between the speed groups, we use the Form
477-defined breakpoints that the Commission has discussed as potential proxies for the broadband
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 3

availability benchmark.3 These breakpoints are 3 Mbps and 6 Mbps for downstream speeds and 768 kbps
and 1.5 Mbps for upstream speeds.4,5


Fixed connections – downstream speeds.

Figure 3(a) illustrates how the 90 million fixed
connections reported for June 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream speed defined
by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.


Figure 3(a)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (89,959,000) by

Downstream Speed as of June 30, 2012


59.6%
23.8%
16.6%
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 Mbps (53,656,000 connections)
3 Mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 Mbps (14,931,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 Mbps (21,372,000 connections)



3 The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download
Internet content at 4 megabits per second (Mbps) and to upload Internet content at 1 Mbps over the service
provider’s network. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All
Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to
Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN Docket
Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, para. 11 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).
4 See Sixth Broadband Deployment Report, 25 FCC Rcd at 9568, para. 20. As explained there, the Commission
decided to evaluate the evidence of broadband availability using 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream to
proxy the speed benchmark of 4 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream. Subsequent reports have used this proxy;
see, e.g., Eighth Broadband Progress Report, 27 FCC Rcd 10342, 10364, para. 29 (2012).
5 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of fixed connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 2, at p. 19, and
our narrative discussion of the speeds of mobile connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 5, at p. 22.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 4

• In June 2012, 24% of reportable fixed connections (or 21.4 million connections) were slower than
3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 17% (or 14.9 million connections) were at least 3 Mbps in
the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 60% (or 53.7 million connections) were at
least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.6

• For speeds in the downstream direction, over three-quarters (76%) of fixed connections met the
broadband availability proxy of 3 Mbps or higher that was used in the Eighth Broadband
Progress Report
.


Fixed connections – upstream speeds.

Figure 3(b) illustrates how the 90 million fixed
connections reported for December 2011 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream speed
defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.


Figure 3(b)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (89,959,000) by

Upstream Speed as of June 30, 2012


41.9%
26.6%
31.5%
Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 Mbps (37,717,000 connections)
768 kbps ≤ Upstream Speed < 1.5 Mbps (23,940,000 connections)
Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (28,302,000 connections)




6 See Chart 2, at p. 19.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 5

• In June 2012, 31% of reportable fixed connections (or 28.3 million connections) were slower than
768 kbps in the upstream direction, 27% (or 23.9 million connections) were at least 768 kbps in
the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 42% (or 37.7 million connections) were at
least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.7

• For speeds in the upstream direction, 69% of fixed connections met the broadband availability
proxy of 768 kbps or higher that was used in the Eighth Broadband Progress Report.


Fixed connections – summary.

Considering both downstream and upstream speeds, 64% of the 90
million fixed connections reported for June 2012 (or 57 million connections) met the broadband
availability proxy of 3 Mbps or higher downstream and 768 kbps or higher upstream that was used in the
Eighth Broadband Progress Report.8


Mobile connections – downstream speeds.

Figure 4(a) illustrates how the 153 million mobile
connections reported for June 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream speed defined
by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.


Figure 4(a)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (153,438,000) by

Downstream Speed as of June 30, 2012


12.3%
18.5%
69.2%
Downstream Speed ≥ 6 Mbps (28,412,000 connections)
3 Mbps ≤ Downstream Speed < 6 Mbps (18,917,000 connections)
Downstream Speed < 3 Mbps (106,109,000 connections)


7 Ibid.
8 Compare Tables 1 and 2, at p. 17.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 6



• In June 2012, 69% of reportable mobile connections (or 106.1 million connections) were slower
than 3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 12% (or 18.9 million connections) were at least 3 Mbps
in the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 19% (or 28.4 million connections) were
at least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.9

• For speeds in the downstream direction, 31% of mobile connections met the downstream speed of
3 Mbps or higher that was used in the Eighth Broadband Progress Report.


Mobile connections – upstream speeds.
Figure 4(b) illustrates how the 153 million mobile
connections reported for June 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream speed
defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.


Figure 4(b)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (153,438,000) by

Upstream Speed as of June 30, 2012

31.2%
16.7%
52.1%
Upstream Speed ≥ 1.5 Mbps (25,686,000 connections)
768 kbps ≤ Upstream Speed < 1.5 Mbps (47,864,000 connections)
Upstream Speed < 768 kbps (79,887,000 connections)



9 See Chart 5, at p. 22.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 7

• In June 2012, about 52% of reportable mobile connections (or 79.9 million connections) were
slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 31% (or 47.9 million connections) were at least
768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 17% (or 25.7 million
connections) were at least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.10

• For speeds in the upstream direction, about 48% of mobile connections met the upstream speed of
768 kbps or higher that was used in the Eighth Broadband Progress Report.

Mobile connections – summary. Considering both downstream and upstream speeds, 28% of
the 153 million fixed connections reported for June 2012 (or 43 million connections) met the
downstream speed of 3 Mbps or higher and the upstream speed of 768 kbps or higher that were used
in the Eighth Broadband Progress Report.11

Providers by census tract by connection speed.
In earlier reports in which we summarized Form 477
data through June 2008, we included summary statistics for the percentage of 5-digit geographical ZIP
Codes in which differing numbers of providers (zero providers, one provider, two providers, etc.) had
customers for their reportable connections.12 The ZIP Code-based data did not include information about
the speeds of the connections that were purchased in particular ZIP Codes. However, the census tract-
level information collected on Form 477 for December 2008 and later dates does include the speeds of
purchased fixed-location connections.13 In Figure 5(a), we use that information to estimate the
percentages of households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers
reported residential fixed-location connections of several different speeds in December 2011. In doing so,
however, we emphasize that a provider who reports residential fixed-location connections of a particular
speed in a particular census tract may not necessarily offer service at that speed everywhere in the census
tract. Accordingly, the number of providers shown in Figure 5(a) does not necessarily reflect the number
of choices available to a particular household.



10 Ibid.
11 Compare Tables 1 and 2, at p. 17.

12 For the most recent such report, see High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of June 30, 2008 (July
2009) (June 2008 High-Speed Report) at pp. 1-4, available at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
13 Mobile wireless providers report the number of service subscriptions they have sold, and the speeds of those
service subscriptions, at the state level only. For individual census tracts, they report the speeds of mobile wireless
service subscriptions that they offer for sale – that is, the capability of the network that they operate in the census
tract.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 8

Figure 5(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report
Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2012

Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 9

In Figure 5(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported
purchased residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or reported operating a mobile
wireless network capable of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds. Again, we emphasize that
such providers may not necessarily offer services at those speeds everywhere in the census tract.


Figure 5(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of June 30, 2012


Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 10

Internet access adoption.

The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data
about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one
direction for more than a decade. Figure 6 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access
connections (that is, all reportable connections except mobile wireless connections) since 1999.14


Figure 6

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012




• Between June 2002 and June 2012, total (business and residential) reportable fixed-location
connections grew from nearly 16 million connections to 90 million connections – at a compound
annual growth rate of 19% per year.15

• Over the same ten-year period, residential fixed-location connections grew from 14 million
connections to 82 million connections – also at a compound annual growth rate of 19% per year.


14 Historical fixed-location connection counts not included in this report may be found in June 2008 High-Speed
Report
at Tables 1 and 3, available in Excel format athttp://transition.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
15 The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a smoothed rate of growth calculated in three steps. First, divide
the ending (June 2012) value by the beginning (June 2002) value. Second, raise the result of that division to a power
equal to one divided by the number of years in the period (in this case, 10 years, so the power is 1/10). Third,
subtract the number one form the result of the second step.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 11

• Between June 2002 and June 2012, household adoption – which we track in Figure 6 by
comparing the number of residential fixed-location connections to the number of households –
increased from 13 connections per 100 households to 67 connections per 100 households.16,17

Other report highlights.


Residential subscribership


• Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
increased by 4% between June 2011 and June 2012, to 82 million. See Table 3.

• Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for
full Internet access increased by 23%, to 114 million, between June 2011 and June 2012. See
Table 3.

• The reported data show a 24% annual increase in the number of residential fixed-location
connections that are at least 6 Mbps downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 27.9 million to
34.5 million) and a 26% annual increase in the number of connections that are at least 10 Mbps
downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 27.1 million to 34.1 million). See Chart 12.

Household adoption of faster speeds


• As a national average in June 2012, there were 45 residential fixed-location connections per 100
households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 Mbps downstream and
768 kbps upstream.18 See Table 13.


16 In Figure 6, we calculated residential fixed connections per 100 households using, in the denominator, U.S.
household estimates from the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS) for July of each year and, for
Puerto Rico and the other inhabited island areas, Census 2010 households for 2010 and later years and Census 2000
households for the earlier years. (The CPS also estimates U.S. households for March and November of each year.)
Ratios calculated for different dates or by using alternative household estimates will differ somewhat from the ratios
reported in Figure 6.
17 We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in
Figure 6, which we calculated using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto Rico
– which are as of July 1 each year – and, for the remaining inhabited island areas, Census 2010 population for 2010
and later years and Census 2000 population for the earlier years. This statistic, which is routinely reported by the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), incorporates connections to business locations
into a comparison to persons. A more accurately measured indicator of this type would include only connections to
residential locations, but OECD does not have comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections
in the member countries. (We note that the ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to
population has a maximum value for any given country and point in time – the value when every household is
connected – if we assume that no household would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the
United States in June 2012, for example, the maximum value would be 39 because there were about 123 million
households in the United States and inhabited insular areas and a population of about 318 million according to the
sources used for Figure 6.)
18 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing
shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the “take rate” of offered service
(which may also be called an “adoption rate”) because, as discussed in connection with Figure 5(a), some
households may be located in areas where no fixed-location service is offered. These methodological differences
are discussed in greater detail in Eighth Broadband Progress Report, 27 FCC Rcd 10386, para. 94.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 12

Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

• We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of June 30, 2012. Our
estimates continue to indicate that there are substantial areas of relatively low and relatively high
household adoption around the national average. See Charts 15 and 16.

• For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of
households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. These results suggest that
some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal
evidence supports that conclusion.19

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics


• The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or
adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household
density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are
correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

• Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract. These maps are
similar to previously published maps of providers by ZIP Code, but differ in important respects.
In particular, instead of a single map combining providers of connections over all technologies
and to both residential and business end users, now separate maps depict: (1) providers of total
(combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of
residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location
connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making
reportable mobile wireless service available.20

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight
different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,
as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report
are available online at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-12 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:
number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of
providers.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 13-22 present comparable information for the
individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different
speeds.


19 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find
situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.
20 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census
tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 13

• Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 23-27
present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes
with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected
households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

• Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the
correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic
measures.
* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached
customer response form or sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: June 2012 Internet
services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data collection.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 14

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation


Contents of this section

Number of connections


Table 1
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 .................................... 17
Table 2
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012 .............. 17
Table 3
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 ................. 17
Table 4
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps

Upstream 2008-2012 ......................................................................................................... 17

Speed of connections


Chart 1
Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of

June 30, 2012 ..................................................................................................................... 18
Chart 2
Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 19
Chart 3
Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 20
Chart 4
Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................ 21
Chart 5
Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................ 22

Technology of connections

Table 5
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 ........... 23
Chart 6
Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 .............................................................. 23

Table 6
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology

2008-2012 .......................................................................................................................... 24
Chart 7
Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 ........................................... 24

Connections by speed and technology


Table 7
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2012 ................................................................................................. 25
Chart 8
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2012 ................................................................................... 25
Table 8
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2012 ................................................................................................. 26
Chart 9
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2012 ................................................................................... 26
Chart 10
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2012

(Shares of selected technologies) ...................................................................................... 27
Chart 11
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Net adds for selected technologies) .................................................................................. 27
Chart 12
Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) ....................................................... 28
Table 9
Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 29
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 15

Chart 13
Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 29
Table 10
Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2012 ................ 30
Table 11
Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 31

Number of providers


Table 12
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 ....................................................... 32
Chart 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2008-2012 .......................................... 32


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 16

1

Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
132,814
102,239
119,433
136,294
157,017
182,065
206,131
230,387
243,397
Total Fixed
73,123
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,575
88,320
89,959
Mobile Wireless1
59,691
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556
142,066
153,438




Table 2

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,552
55,110
64,819
82,013
100,271
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,364
44,694
48,577
51,095
57,247
Mobile Wireless1
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
16,242
30,918
43,025




Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
79,090
88,190
103,300
117,089
132,567
149,441
171,773
186,702
196,704
Total Fixed
67,554
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,906
80,709
82,233
Mobile Wireless1
11,536
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867
105,993
114,472




Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,243
47,632
51,783
63,734
78,616
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,037
41,769
45,263
47,425
53,077
Mobile Wireless1
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
6,520
16,309
25,539

1 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 17

2

Chart 1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
2.1%
8.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
22.8%
< 768 kbps
38.0%
>= 1.5 Mbps
2.4%
< 768 kbps
4.4%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
7.1%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
13.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 52.4%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 13.9%
>= 6 Mbps; 33.7%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
92,545
10,624
5,021
108,189
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
32,945
17,351
21,508
71,804
At least 1.5 Mbps
1,991
5,873
55,539
63,404
Total
127,481
33,848
82,068
243,397

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
38.0
4.4
2.1
44.4
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
13.5
7.1
8.8
29.5
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.8
2.4
22.8
26.0
Total
52.4
13.9
33.7
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 18

3

Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012
< 768 kbps
5.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
13.2%
< 768 kbps
18.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
4.3%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
9.1%
< 768 kbps
7.1%
>= 1.5 Mbps
40.9%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 23.8%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 16.6%
>= 6 Mbps; 59.6%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
16,962
6,353
4,987
28,302
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
3,830
8,231
11,879
23,940
At least 1.5 Mbps
581
347
36,790
37,717
Total
21,372
14,931
53,656
89,959

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
18.9
7.1
5.5
31.5
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
4.3
9.1
13.2
26.6
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.6
0.4
40.9
41.9
Total
23.8
16.6
59.6
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 19

4

Chart 3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
6.1%
< 768 kbps
2.5%
>= 1.5 Mbps
25.7%
>= 1.5 Mbps
2.5%
< 768 kbps
4.6%
< 768 kbps
39.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
5.6%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.7%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
12.6%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 52.9%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 12.7%
>= 6 Mbps; 34.3%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
77,854
9,025
4,945
91,825
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
24,864
11,074
12,004
47,942
At least 1.5 Mbps
1,399
4,959
50,579
56,938
Total
104,118
25,058
67,528
196,704

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
39.6
4.6
2.5
46.7
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
12.6
5.6
6.1
24.4
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.7
2.5
25.7
28.9
Total
52.9
12.7
34.3
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 20

5

Chart 4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012
< 768 kbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
6.0%
4.3%
< 768 kbps
18.7%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
8.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
13.4%
< 768 kbps
6.4%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.2%
>= 1.5 Mbps
42.0%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 23.0%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 15.6%
>= 6 Mbps; 61.3%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
15,359
5,286
4,916
25,561
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
3,521
7,357
10,981
21,860
At least 1.5 Mbps
74
191
34,546
34,812
Total
18,954
12,835
50,443
82,233

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
18.7
6.4
6.0
31.1
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
4.3
8.9
13.4
26.6
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.1
0.2
42.0
42.3
Total
23.0
15.6
61.3
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 21

6

Chart 5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of June 30, 2012
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
6.3%
< 768 kbps
49.3%
>= 1.5 Mbps
12.2%
< 768 kbps
2.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
3.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
5.9%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
19.0%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 69.2%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 12.3%
>= 6 Mbps; 18.5%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
75,583
4,271
34
79,887
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
29,115
9,120
9,629
47,864
At least 1.5 Mbps
1,411
5,526
18,749
25,686
Total
106,109
18,917
28,412
153,438

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
49.3
2.8
0.0
52.1
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
19.0
5.9
6.3
31.2
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.9
3.6
12.2
16.7
Total
69.2
12.3
18.5
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 22

7

Table 5

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
132,814
102,239
119,433
136,294
157,017
182,065
206,131
230,387
243,397
Total Fixed
73,123
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,575
88,320
89,959
aDSL
29,964
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,611
31,341
31,188
sDSL
275
241
217
225
191
167
159
148
140
Other Wireline1
670
709
689
719
755
795
778
795
769
Cable Modem
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,439
43,923
45,334
46,698
48,257
49,663
FTTP2
2,346
2,884
3,548
3,980
4,441
4,993
5,477
5,898
6,299
Satellite
869
938
990
1,116
1,144
1,176
1,204
1,190
1,217
Fixed Wireless
808
485
488
527
551
587
649
692
683
Mobile Wireless3
59,691
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556
142,066
153,438

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.
3 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 6

Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012

Cable Modem
20.4%
FTTP
2.6%
aDSL
12.8%
All Other
1.2%
Mobile Wireless
63.0%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 23

8

Table 6

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
79,090
88,190
103,300
117,089
132,567
149,441
171,773
186,702
196,704
Total Fixed
67,554
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,906
80,709
82,233
aDSL
26,950
26,488
27,047
27,402
27,488
27,467
27,754
27,767
27,650
sDSL
81
74
71
85
65
53
52
54
49
Other Wireline1
37
47
49
56
61
76
45
40
13
Cable Modem
36,901
38,681
39,909
40,872
42,178
43,295
44,480
45,826
47,032
FTTP2
2,139
2,717
3,348
3,758
4,185
4,704
5,118
5,521
5,892
Satellite
705
630
668
767
787
811
885
886
998
Fixed Wireless
741
410
417
454
486
513
572
615
598
Mobile Wireless3
11,536
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867
105,993
114,472

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.
3 Reporting instructions for mobile wireless changed between the June 2008 and December 2008 data.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 7

Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012

Cable Modem
23.9%
FTTP
3.0%
aDSL
14.1%
All Other
0.8%
Mobile Wireless
58.2%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 24

9

Table 7

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,552
55,110
64,819
82,013
100,271
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,364
44,694
48,577
51,095
57,247
aDSL
5,403
5,614
6,389
6,275
7,302
8,909
10,355
12,879
sDSL
5
9
19
13
14
16
26
32
Other Wireline1
122
129
150
177
211
204
228
239
Cable Modem
22,708
23,958
28,583
30,616
32,338
34,113
34,693
37,798
FTTP2
2,694
3,333
3,739
4,192
4,725
5,188
5,606
6,000
Satellite
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
87
Fixed Wireless
54
64
82
92
105
145
186
212
Mobile Wireless
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
16,242
30,918
43,025

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 8

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2012
FTTP
6.0%
Cable Modem
37.7%
aDSL
12.8%
All Other
0.6%
Mobile Wireless
42.9%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 25

10

Table 8

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,243
47,632
51,783
63,734
78,616
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,037
41,769
45,263
47,425
53,077
aDSL
4,613
4,895
5,633
5,557
6,421
7,909
9,278
11,571
sDSL
1
2
10
2
2
4
12
12
Other Wireline1
11
12
19
20
36
15
16
7
Cable Modem
21,776
23,025
27,548
29,398
30,742
32,321
32,687
35,583
FTTP2
2,571
3,177
3,566
3,982
4,482
4,894
5,271
5,632
Satellite
0
0
0
0
0
0
#
86
Fixed Wireless
42
50
68
77
86
121
161
184
Mobile Wireless
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
6,520
16,309
25,539

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of June 30, 2012
FTTP
7.2%
aDSL
14.7%
Cable Modem
45.3%
All Other
0.4%
Mobile Wireless
32.5%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 26

11

Chart 10

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2012

(Shares of selected technologies)
100
40.8
39.9
38.4
37.8
37.3
36.5
35.7
35.2
34.4
33.6
90
t
i
ons

80
c
nne
o

70
d C
6.8
7.2
6.1
6.5
e
5.6
3.9
4.7
5.1
i
x

60
3.2
l
F

57.2
a
56.0
55.8
55.7
56.0
56.3
56.4
56.8
54.5
54.6
nti
e

50
i
d
s
e
R

40
of
ge
ta

30
n
e
r
c
e

20

P

10
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
All Other Fixed





Chart 11

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Net adds for selected technologies)
4000
3008
ds 3000
n
a

2553
2269
2302
hous 2000
n T
i
s

1209
933
on 1000
837
773
ti
c

442
266
ne
97
on
-104
0

C

-1000
Jun 2008 to
Jun 2009 to
Jun 2010 to
Jun 2011 to
Jun 2009
Jun 2010
Jun 2011
Jun 2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 27

12

Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)
Connections
82,233
79,130
63,276
53,077
34,546
34,120
100
2.0
15.5
7.4
9.0
10.6
15.4
7.2
90
57.2
58.8
65.9
67.0
83.7
83.7
80
ds
70
ol
h
e
s
ou

60
H
of
ge
t
a
n

50
e
r
c
e

P
d

40
t
e
a

t
i
m

33.6
32.7
s
E

30
24.6
21.8
20
10
0
Ov er 200 kbps in at
At least 768 kbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
At least 10 Mbps
least one direction
downstream and ov er
downstream and ov er
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 28

13

Table 9

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of June 30, 2012
(In thousands)

At Most
Over
200 kbps
200 kbps
Upstream or
Upstream and
less than
at least
768 kbps
768 kbps
Technology
Downstream
Downstream
Total
aDSL
1,803
25,847
27,650
sDSL
13
36
49
Other Wireline
#
13
13
Cable Modem
472
46,560
47,032
FTTP
14
5,878
5,892
Satellite
709
289
998
Fixed Wireless
90
507
598
Mobile Wireless
37,649
76,823
114,472
Total
40,751
155,953
196,704

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.






Chart 13

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of June 30, 2012
FTTP
3.8%
Cable Modem
29.9%
aDSL
16.6%
All Other
0.5%
Mobile Wireless
49.3%
Note: The BTOP/BIP def inition is adv ertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 29

14

Table 10

Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2012

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater than
200
At least 768
At least 1.5
At least 3
At least 6
At least 10
At least 25
kbps and less
kbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
than
and less than
and less than
and less than
and less than and less than
and less than
At least 100
Technology
768 kbps
1.5 Mbps
3 Mbps
6 Mbps
10 Mbps
25 Mbps
100 Mbps
Mbps
Total
aDSL
1,666
4,391
7,452
10,192
4,855
2,525
105
#
31,188
sDSL
37
43
28
*
*
16
*
#
140
Other Wireline
43
40
448
102
24
44
41
27
769
Cable Modem
145
1,321
3,983
4,200
5,158
27,819
6,968
69
49,663
FTTP
17
78
112
234
160
4,377
1,262
59
6,299
Satellite
328
537
258
*
*
*
0
0
1,217
Fixed Wireless
85
167
195
174
42
18
2
1
683
Mobile Wireless
43,714
7,568
54,826
18,917
24,767
*
*
0
153,438
Total
46,034
14,145
67,302
33,848
35,010
34,911
11,990
156
243,397

Percentages

aDSL
0.7
1.8
3.1
4.2
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
12.8
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
0.0
*
0.0
0.1
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Cable Modem
0.1
0.5
1.6
1.7
2.1
11.4
2.9
0.0
20.4
FTTP
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.8
0.5
0.0
2.6
Satellite
0.1
0.2
0.1
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.5
Fixed Wireless
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Mobile Wireless
18.0
3.1
22.5
7.8
10.2
*
*
0.0
63.0
Total
18.9
5.8
27.7
13.9
14.4
14.3
4.9
0.1
100.0



# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.


* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.


Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 30

15

Table 11

Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2012

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater than
200
At least 768
At least 1.5
At least 3
At least 6
At least 10
At least 25
kbps and less
kbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
than
and less than
and less than
and less than
and less than and less than
and less than
At least 100
Technology
768 kbps
1.5 Mbps
3 Mbps
6 Mbps
10 Mbps
25 Mbps
100 Mbps
Mbps
Total
aDSL
1,546
4,027
6,536
8,639
4,486
2,319
98
#
27,650
sDSL
13
20
4
*
*
9
*
0
49
Other Wireline
#
4
2
1
1
3
0
1
13
Cable Modem
130
1,299
3,900
3,822
4,815
26,285
6,730
52
47,032
FTTP
13
70
90
206
147
4,170
1,176
20
5,892
Satellite
194
494
220
*
*
*
0
0
998
Fixed Wireless
75
145
172
154
37
14
1
#
598
Mobile Wireless
35,216
6,839
43,109
12,223
13,737
*
*
0
114,472
Total
37,188
12,897
54,033
25,058
23,224
32,907
11,324
74
196,704

Percentages

aDSL
0.8
2.0
3.3
4.4
2.3
1.2
0.0
0.0
14.1
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
0.0
*
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
0.1
0.7
2.0
1.9
2.4
13.4
3.4
0.0
23.9
FTTP
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
2.1
0.6
0.0
3.0
Satellite
0.1
0.3
0.1
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.5
Fixed Wireless
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Mobile Wireless
17.9
3.5
21.9
6.2
7.0
*
*
0.0
58.2
Total
18.9
6.6
27.5
12.7
11.8
16.7
5.8
0.0
100.0



# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.


* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.


Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 31

16

Table 12

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2008-2012


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
aDSL
863
881
876
862
875
865
867
868
860
sDSL
238
264
257
261
251
247
252
255
249
Other Wireline
259
292
283
274
267
270
265
274
258
Cable Modem
296
342
351
345
345
357
400
404
399
FTTP
308
432
462
485
510
545
579
621
642
Satellite
4
5
4
4
4
4
5
6
5
Fixed Wireless
505
620
621
607
625
646
672
711
707
Mobile Wireless
24
47
48
51
55
57
64
69
68
Power Line and Other
6
5
6
6
5
7
4
5
*
Total
1,395
1,562
1,551
1,526
1,536
1,566
1,624
1,683
1,662

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider. * = 1-3 providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.





Chart 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2008-2012

900
800
700
r
s
600
i
de

r
ov
500
P
r
of

400
be
m
u
N
300
200
100
0
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Mobile Wireless






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 32

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States


Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates


Table 13
Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband

Availability Target) and Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 kbps up) ................. 34
Table 14
Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 35

End users of connections


Table 15
Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 36

Connections by speed and technology


Table 16
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 37
Table 17
Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) ................................. 39
Table 18
Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 41

Connections for selected technologies


Table 19
ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 43
Table 20
Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 45

Number of providers


Table 21
Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 47

Reported availability for selected technologies


Table 22
Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2012: xDSL Availability

Where ILECs Offer Local Telephone Service and Cable Modem Availability

Where Cable Systems Offer Cable TV Service................................................................. 49


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 33

17

Table 13

Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband Availability Target)

and Households by State as of June 30, 2012
(Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 Mbps down and 768 up and households, in thousands)
Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
564
1,902
0.30
Alaska
88
260
0.34
American Samoa
0
11
0.00
Arizona
1,330
2,440
0.54
Arkansas
294
1,159
0.25
California
5,609
12,712
0.44
Colorado
1,217
2,005
0.61
Connecticut
799
1,372
0.58
Delaware
240
347
0.69
District of Columbia
175
268
0.65
Florida
3,830
7,463
0.51
Georgia
1,542
3,648
0.42
Guam
*
51
*
Hawaii
*
456
*
Idaho
180
593
0.30
Illinois
2,150
4,861
0.44
Indiana
1,042
2,516
0.41
Iowa
302
1,231
0.25
Kansas
366
1,121
0.33
Kentucky
658
1,732
0.38
Louisiana
535
1,756
0.30
Maine
147
556
0.26
Maryland
1,503
2,156
0.70
Massachusetts
1,914
2,549
0.75
Michigan
1,775
3,848
0.46
Minnesota
1,017
2,097
0.48
Mississippi
237
1,120
0.21
Missouri
693
2,390
0.29
Montana
157
415
0.38
Nebraska
328
727
0.45
Nevada
511
1,027
0.50
New Hampshire
339
519
0.65
New Jersey
2,436
3,215
0.76
New Mexico
302
806
0.37
New York
3,939
7,345
0.54
North Carolina
668
3,818
0.17
North Dakota
117
283
0.41
Northern Mariana Isl
*
21
*
Ohio
1,154
4,597
0.25
Oklahoma
416
1,476
0.28
Oregon
854
1,539
0.55
Pennsylvania
2,896
5,025
0.58
Puerto Rico
114
1,230
0.09
Rhode Island
*
410
*
South Carolina
534
1,831
0.29
South Dakota
153
326
0.47
Tennessee
996
2,522
0.39
Texas
3,024
9,113
0.33
Utah
508
903
0.56
Vermont
156
256
0.61
Virgin Islands
*
56
*
Virginia
1,855
3,079
0.60
Washington
1,608
2,657
0.61
West Virginia
373
766
0.49
Wisconsin
682
2,289
0.30
Wyoming
102
231
0.44
Total
53,077
119,103
0.45

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 34

18

Table 14

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
1,091
1,902
0.57
Alaska
185
260
0.71
American Samoa
*
11
*
Arizona
1,692
2,440
0.69
Arkansas
625
1,159
0.54
California
9,634
12,712
0.76
Colorado
1,517
2,005
0.76
Connecticut
1,078
1,372
0.79
Delaware
271
347
0.78
District of Columbia
194
268
0.72
Florida
5,492
7,463
0.74
Georgia
2,385
3,648
0.65
Guam
*
51
*
Hawaii
*
456
*
Idaho
364
593
0.61
Illinois
3,268
4,861
0.67
Indiana
1,601
2,516
0.64
Iowa
808
1,231
0.66
Kansas
751
1,121
0.67
Kentucky
1,079
1,732
0.62
Louisiana
1,045
1,756
0.60
Maine
417
556
0.75
Maryland
1,638
2,156
0.76
Massachusetts
2,056
2,549
0.81
Michigan
2,503
3,848
0.65
Minnesota
1,452
2,097
0.69
Mississippi
558
1,120
0.50
Missouri
1,472
2,390
0.62
Montana
264
415
0.64
Nebraska
493
727
0.68
Nevada
681
1,027
0.66
New Hampshire
421
519
0.81
New Jersey
2,623
3,215
0.82
New Mexico
473
806
0.59
New York
5,553
7,345
0.76
North Carolina
2,637
3,818
0.69
North Dakota
197
283
0.70
Northern Mariana Isl
*
21
*
Ohio
3,118
4,597
0.68
Oklahoma
853
1,476
0.58
Oregon
1,064
1,539
0.69
Pennsylvania
3,591
5,025
0.71
Puerto Rico
521
1,230
0.42
Rhode Island
311
410
0.76
South Carolina
1,164
1,831
0.64
South Dakota
219
326
0.67
Tennessee
1,465
2,522
0.58
Texas
5,916
9,113
0.65
Utah
658
903
0.73
Vermont
196
256
0.77
Virgin Islands
16
56
0.29
Virginia
2,156
3,079
0.70
Washington
1,919
2,657
0.72
West Virginia
459
766
0.60
Wisconsin
1,534
2,289
0.67
Wyoming
152
231
0.66
Total
82,233
119,103
0.69

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 35

19

Table 15

Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


Connections
Percentages

State
Residential
Business
Residential
Business
Total
Alabama
2,706
407
86.9
13.1
3,113
Alaska
506
78
86.7
13.3
584
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
3,881
713
84.5
15.5
4,594
Arkansas
1,703
253
87.0
13.0
1,956
California
25,044
5,730
81.4
18.6
30,773
Colorado
3,498
853
80.4
19.6
4,352
Connecticut
2,455
557
81.5
18.5
3,012
Delaware
603
134
81.9
18.1
737
District of Columbia
557
655
46.0
54.0
1,211
Florida
12,638
3,213
79.7
20.3
15,851
Georgia
6,082
1,488
80.3
19.7
7,571
Guam
58
14
80.0
20.0
72
Hawaii
964
175
84.7
15.3
1,139
Idaho
870
198
81.5
18.5
1,068
Illinois
7,983
2,101
79.2
20.8
10,085
Indiana
3,660
667
84.6
15.4
4,326
Iowa
1,588
307
83.8
16.2
1,895
Kansas
1,660
628
72.5
27.5
2,289
Kentucky
2,475
494
83.4
16.6
2,969
Louisiana
2,902
510
85.1
14.9
3,412
Maine
748
111
87.1
12.9
859
Maryland
3,986
902
81.6
18.4
4,887
Massachusetts
4,503
1,010
81.7
18.3
5,512
Michigan
5,478
1,813
75.1
24.9
7,291
Minnesota
3,200
911
77.8
22.2
4,111
Mississippi
1,696
219
88.6
11.4
1,915
Missouri
3,431
969
78.0
22.0
4,400
Montana
594
88
87.1
12.9
682
Nebraska
1,038
251
80.5
19.5
1,289
Nevada
1,821
404
81.8
18.2
2,225
New Hampshire
834
149
84.8
15.2
983
New Jersey
6,244
1,379
81.9
18.1
7,623
New Mexico
1,134
188
85.8
14.2
1,322
New York
13,128
3,054
81.1
18.9
16,182
North Carolina
5,709
1,375
80.6
19.4
7,085
North Dakota
453
83
84.6
15.4
536
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
6,881
1,737
79.8
20.2
8,618
Oklahoma
2,253
381
85.5
14.5
2,634
Oregon
2,447
528
82.3
17.7
2,975
Pennsylvania
7,930
1,652
82.8
17.2
9,581
Puerto Rico
1,628
201
89.0
11.0
1,829
Rhode Island
659
151
81.4
18.6
809
South Carolina
2,393
445
84.3
15.7
2,838
South Dakota
494
67
88.0
12.0
561
Tennessee
3,666
860
81.0
19.0
4,526
Texas
16,676
4,612
78.3
21.7
21,288
Utah
1,571
421
78.8
21.2
1,992
Vermont
371
67
84.8
15.2
438
Virgin Islands
59
18
76.2
23.8
78
Virginia
5,136
1,357
79.1
20.9
6,493
Washington
4,404
1,166
79.1
20.9
5,570
West Virginia
968
142
87.2
12.8
1,110
Wisconsin
2,975
749
79.9
20.1
3,724
Wyoming
354
55
86.6
13.4
408
Total
196,704
46,693
80.8
19.2
243,397

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 36

20

Table 16

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Alabama
546
4
*
592
9
*
4
1,911
3,113
Alaska
78
2
0
*
1
*
4
369
584
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
*
Arizona
600
1
*
1,156
4
*
25
2,772
4,594
Arkansas
344
#
*
308
6
*
2
1,265
1,956
California
4,370
13
*
5,222
710
*
29
20,228
30,773
Colorado
*
2
0
870
6
*
45
2,690
4,352
Connecticut
*
1
0
744
4
*
*
1,836
3,012
Delaware
*
#
0
*
*
*
0
445
737
District of Columbia
*
2
0
*
14
*
*
988
1,211
Florida
1,955
1
*
3,557
395
*
5
9,846
15,851
Georgia
1,291
1
*
1,245
28
*
1
4,938
7,571
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
72
Hawaii
*
*
0
*
2
*
*
742
1,139
Idaho
201
#
*
160
3
*
23
667
1,068
Illinois
1,519
7
*
1,936
16
*
36
6,504
10,085
Indiana
760
2
*
835
69
*
31
2,591
4,326
Iowa
393
2
*
403
41
*
24
1,009
1,895
Kansas
275
1
*
455
47
*
27
1,463
2,289
Kentucky
502
3
*
614
17
*
7
1,793
2,969
Louisiana
444
2
*
625
39
*
5
2,256
3,412
Maine
139
4
0
300
5
*
*
400
859
Maryland
*
2
0
842
*
*
1
3,122
4,887
Massachusetts
*
2
0
1,454
*
*
2
3,282
5,512
Michigan
909
6
*
1,687
9
*
29
4,572
7,291
Minnesota
627
19
*
846
39
*
20
2,525
4,111
Mississippi
309
1
*
270
2
*
#
1,294
1,915
Missouri
864
1
*
653
15
*
22
2,782
4,400
Montana
123
1
0
*
7
*
12
*
682
Nebraska
175
#
*
331
10
*
16
746
1,289





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 37

21

Table 16 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Nevada
255
#
0
*
3
*
3
1,483
2,225
New Hampshire
89
1
*
354
13
*
#
516
983
New Jersey
387
1
0
1,830
*
*
*
4,731
7,623
New Mexico
285
#
*
198
4
*
16
804
1,322
New York
841
7
0
4,253
*
*
2
10,064
16,182
North Carolina
1,059
1
*
1,729
28
*
2
4,216
7,085
North Dakota
72
1
*
111
31
*
6
311
536
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
*
Ohio
1,175
4
*
2,057
47
*
27
5,255
8,618
Oklahoma
391
#
*
490
14
*
13
1,688
2,634
Oregon
372
4
*
683
64
*
15
1,812
2,975
Pennsylvania
1,063
4
0
2,200
*
*
1
5,687
9,581
Puerto Rico
*
0
0
*
*
*
*
1,264
1,829
Rhode Island
*
#
0
*
*
*
*
470
809
South Carolina
477
*
0
730
34
*
*
1,566
2,838
South Dakota
65
*
0
141
22
*
12
*
561
Tennessee
603
#
*
881
72
*
4
2,911
4,526
Texas
2,967
5
*
2,804
430
*
82
14,803
21,288
Utah
314
1
*
325
22
*
44
1,275
1,992
Vermont
97
*
0
109
5
*
1
216
438
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
*
0
*
*
*
78
Virginia
471
1
0
1,187
*
*
5
4,154
6,493
Washington
597
3
*
1,362
65
*
10
3,483
5,570
West Virginia
*
*
0
297
1
*
2
614
1,110
Wisconsin
651
19
*
914
22
*
32
2,053
3,724
Wyoming
62
2
*
89
2
*
11
236
408
Total
31,188
140
769
49,663
6,299
1,217
683
153,438
243,397

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 38

22

Table 17

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Alabama
140
#
3
454
5
*
#
*
924
Alaska
28
*
1
*
1
*
*
*
125
American Samoa
0
*
0
0
*
0
*
0
*
Arizona
378
*
6
0
3
*
7
*
1,907
Arkansas
99
*
2
210
4
*
*
*
409
California
1,576
2
25
3,667
691
*
15
*
10,530
Colorado
*
*
8
858
3
*
28
687
1,994
Connecticut
*
*
2
729
4
*
0
*
1,222
Delaware
*
0
1
*
*
*
0
*
367
District of Columbia
*
*
3
*
*
*
*
*
635
Florida
710
#
18
2,979
*
*
2
2,595
6,689
Georgia
450
#
*
1,158
20
*
#
2,063
3,702
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
7
Hawaii
*
*
#
*
2
*
*
*
583
Idaho
121
*
1
73
2
*
5
*
387
Illinois
526
3
*
1,751
13
*
6
2,971
5,283
Indiana
331
#
2
715
62
*
7
*
1,632
Iowa
176
#
1
131
26
*
7
*
483
Kansas
78
#
*
280
27
*
2
537
928
Kentucky
208
*
1
476
9
*
3
374
1,073
Louisiana
79
*
2
452
27
*
1
*
722
Maine
81
1
#
87
5
*
*
*
219
Maryland
*
#
6
821
*
*
#
*
2,390
Massachusetts
*
#
9
1,428
*
*
1
722
2,783
Michigan
336
2
4
1,514
8
*
7
*
3,266
Minnesota
306
12
*
744
26
*
2
831
1,929
Mississippi
50
*
1
203
1
*
*
*
327
Missouri
283
#
*
438
8
*
2
1,345
2,087
Montana
39
#
1
*
5
*
1
0
174
Nebraska
103
*
1
241
6
*
1
*
460





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 39

23

Table 17 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Nevada
102
*
2
*
3
*
3
696
1,231
New Hampshire
48
#
1
309
13
*
*
*
463
New Jersey
227
*
11
1,796
*
*
*
*
3,614
New Mexico
140
#
2
180
3
*
1
*
468
New York
567
1
21
2,876
*
*
1
*
6,938
North Carolina
404
#
*
321
22
*
#
1,184
1,940
North Dakota
26
#
1
89
15
*
2
*
180
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
0
0
*
0
*
0
*
Ohio
583
*
5
651
43
*
4
1,486
2,773
Oklahoma
101
#
*
326
9
*
5
210
654
Oregon
186
1
2
662
61
*
8
*
1,374
Pennsylvania
621
*
9
1,932
*
*
#
*
4,487
Puerto Rico
*
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
242
Rhode Island
*
*
1
*
*
*
*
*
446
South Carolina
159
*
4
389
27
*
*
334
915
South Dakota
27
0
#
126
14
*
2
*
216
Tennessee
161
#
5
842
55
*
#
*
1,767
Texas
1,074
#
*
1,723
390
*
42
7,492
10,751
Utah
173
#
3
313
22
*
34
*
924
Vermont
64
*
#
104
5
*
*
*
190
Virgin Islands
0
0
*
*
0
0
*
0
*
Virginia
261
#
8
1,119
*
*
2
*
3,020
Washington
329
*
8
1,322
60
*
3
*
2,635
West Virginia
*
0
#
245
1
*
2
*
428
Wisconsin
232
2
*
484
15
*
2
484
1,225
Wyoming
23
*
#
*
2
*
1
*
153
Total
12,879
32
239
37,798
6,000
87
212
43,025
100,271

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 40

24

Table 18

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 Mbps
% at least 6 Mbps
% at least 10 Mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Alabama
94.3
77.2
38.2
30.8
18.1
Alaska
94.4
90.6
26.2
20.6
12.7
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
95.2
75.8
43.2
36.4
23.4
Arkansas
95.7
82.6
27.0
18.8
11.7
California
95.1
77.9
36.5
27.2
14.6
Colorado
95.6
79.4
46.8
40.2
24.9
Connecticut
95.9
77.8
42.8
35.3
23.9
Delaware
95.0
76.2
51.9
45.3
33.1
District of Columbia
93.7
75.7
52.5
47.1
14.0
Florida
96.1
80.8
48.2
38.2
23.0
Georgia
94.7
76.2
62.7
31.5
17.3
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
97.4
85.8
52.0
41.4
19.5
Idaho
92.9
71.4
43.2
28.6
11.6
Illinois
96.2
83.5
63.4
34.1
19.7
Indiana
95.0
78.5
42.2
32.2
18.4
Iowa
95.0
76.0
41.4
30.9
19.3
Kansas
93.8
80.8
48.9
36.5
13.6
Kentucky
94.4
85.2
43.6
28.7
15.8
Louisiana
94.0
84.2
29.3
20.4
14.2
Maine
93.2
80.4
46.7
37.8
11.5
Maryland
94.6
77.5
49.0
40.7
29.5
Massachusetts
95.5
76.8
50.7
43.7
33.8
Michigan
94.6
75.2
47.3
35.6
19.7
Minnesota
95.2
79.1
50.7
41.7
24.1
Mississippi
95.0
65.3
25.5
16.0
11.6
Missouri
95.2
86.6
66.1
28.9
12.8
Montana
88.5
52.3
27.7
22.6
15.5
Nebraska
91.9
66.4
38.4
27.7
16.1





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 41

25

Table 18 - Continued

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 Mbps
% at least 6 Mbps
% at least 10 Mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Nevada
96.6
84.8
66.4
33.6
20.6
New Hampshire
93.3
69.9
51.2
42.8
31.9
New Jersey
94.9
73.6
47.6
42.1
33.3
New Mexico
93.9
74.2
38.0
32.5
12.1
New York
95.0
76.0
45.3
37.1
25.7
North Carolina
93.9
76.3
50.0
39.0
10.1
North Dakota
93.6
69.1
41.8
32.7
20.7
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
92.4
72.3
46.6
34.8
8.3
Oklahoma
95.9
91.2
32.3
20.1
14.0
Oregon
96.3
82.0
48.0
39.5
25.8
Pennsylvania
95.0
78.2
48.8
38.5
26.3
Puerto Rico
94.5
87.4
20.8
12.2
8.3
Rhode Island
95.7
79.9
55.2
46.2
35.1
South Carolina
93.2
72.2
47.4
35.7
16.7
South Dakota
93.2
71.2
41.1
38.6
26.0
Tennessee
94.0
74.5
43.6
34.6
20.0
Texas
96.3
85.4
63.3
26.7
11.7
Utah
96.5
81.7
48.8
40.1
22.5
Vermont
93.1
76.7
44.6
33.4
18.7
Virgin Islands
96.2
81.6
*
*
*
Virginia
94.2
75.6
47.5
37.6
25.0
Washington
96.1
82.0
49.0
40.9
26.6
West Virginia
96.3
90.0
39.9
37.3
19.1
Wisconsin
96.0
83.7
45.1
34.3
15.0
Wyoming
93.4
65.3
39.5
34.2
16.0
Total
95.1
78.8
47.6
33.7
19.3

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 42

26

Table 19

ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
431
457
473
496
498
523
536
538
546
Alaska
72
75
77
77
77
78
79
77
78
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
454
466
487
518
527
552
557
590
600
Arkansas
267
273
298
308
314
330
337
343
344
California
4,755
4,617
4,587
4,568
4,456
4,538
4,471
4,416
4,370
Colorado
575
624
641
651
658
663
*
*
*
Connecticut
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,045
2,005
1,962
1,988
2,006
2,070
2,104
1,998
1,955
Georgia
1,361
1,240
1,251
1,256
1,129
1,413
1,435
1,282
1,291
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
154
160
169
174
177
181
185
191
201
Illinois
1,419
1,503
1,538
1,556
1,537
1,577
1,576
1,549
1,519
Indiana
651
672
699
721
725
754
763
765
760
Iowa
322
336
351
362
373
376
381
389
393
Kansas
241
243
250
260
264
271
273
275
275
Kentucky
385
421
431
454
459
473
481
501
502
Louisiana
354
385
390
404
397
396
407
437
444
Maine
120
114
123
125
126
125
134
136
139
Maryland
495
471
440
405
*
350
*
*
*
Massachusetts
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
749
780
835
857
860
902
922
906
909
Minnesota
529
544
573
590
611
618
629
623
627
Mississippi
220
229
240
255
240
263
267
299
309
Missouri
712
727
767
805
811
846
862
870
864
Montana
108
108
111
115
119
119
123
122
123
Nebraska
143
151
158
164
167
169
173
175
175





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 43

27

Table 19 - Continued

ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
225
222
225
229
232
242
245
250
255
New Hampshire
97
91
91
86
84
85
87
88
89
New Jersey
700
666
624
568
530
486
449
415
387
New Mexico
217
231
242
250
259
266
271
278
285
New York
1,169
1,122
1,100
1,046
1,010
957
928
875
841
North Carolina
870
891
918
969
985
995
1,026
1,050
1,059
North Dakota
60
65
64
67
67
69
71
71
72
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,034
1,069
1,109
1,127
1,145
1,177
1,190
1,184
1,175
Oklahoma
334
338
349
359
361
379
384
387
391
Oregon
361
371
367
367
362
359
360
364
372
Pennsylvania
1,209
1,231
1,246
1,232
1,202
1,159
1,131
1,098
1,063
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
386
400
412
428
437
434
452
471
477
South Dakota
53
56
58
58
60
58
60
63
65
Tennessee
535
541
549
559
570
557
576
593
603
Texas
2,475
2,608
2,706
2,784
2,797
2,898
2,943
2,952
2,967
Utah
284
299
280
309
312
311
309
310
314
Vermont
73
61
79
81
84
85
87
94
97
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
561
553
547
536
527
507
498
486
471
Washington
600
599
596
593
589
582
583
591
597
West Virginia
147
152
160
161
162
*
*
*
*
Wisconsin
556
556
586
612
615
646
658
657
651
Wyoming
55
57
58
58
59
59
59
62
62
Total
29,964
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,611
31,341
31,188

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 44

28

Table 20

Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Alabama
417
460
478
497
513
539
556
576
592
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
Arizona
992
1,044
1,039
1,104
1,096
1,161
1,104
1,169
1,156
Arkansas
236
227
252
262
267
278
288
301
308
California
3,799
3,990
4,144
4,224
4,418
4,639
4,853
5,034
5,222
Colorado
626
659
693
709
744
787
817
848
870
Connecticut
576
615
626
640
672
673
713
723
744
Delaware
*
*
*
*
158
156
164
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,631
2,825
2,859
2,992
3,076
3,292
3,313
3,549
3,557
Georgia
904
974
1,020
1,022
1,052
1,114
1,151
1,190
1,245
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
127
121
130
133
137
145
150
158
160
Illinois
1,625
1,591
1,575
1,577
1,630
1,696
1,768
1,857
1,936
Indiana
456
626
641
669
697
728
766
801
835
Iowa
309
330
344
360
376
389
395
397
403
Kansas
380
415
419
435
434
441
447
456
455
Kentucky
482
452
483
497
512
530
565
597
614
Louisiana
481
518
544
559
562
586
593
612
625
Maine
197
202
224
237
259
269
286
282
300
Maryland
871
801
757
768
778
773
797
826
842
Massachusetts
1,159
1,291
1,253
1,250
1,339
1,343
1,401
1,415
1,454
Michigan
1,307
1,394
1,431
1,451
1,517
1,537
1,603
1,643
1,687
Minnesota
622
666
685
701
739
776
800
820
846
Mississippi
188
216
227
232
241
246
258
263
270
Missouri
517
560
561
586
599
604
617
623
653
Montana
90
92
102
108
113
119
127
*
*
Nebraska
262
278
286
295
293
309
316
324
331





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 45

29

Table 20 - Continued

Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
New Hampshire
250
285
295
303
329
325
340
342
354
New Jersey
1,586
1,637
1,604
1,623
1,698
1,702
1,759
1,775
1,830
New Mexico
137
146
155
158
168
176
190
193
198
New York
3,548
3,749
3,850
3,886
3,982
4,013
4,091
4,116
4,253
North Carolina
1,266
1,344
1,392
1,444
1,513
1,554
1,566
1,653
1,729
North Dakota
83
85
88
93
90
101
96
108
111
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,627
1,705
1,757
1,813
1,862
1,895
1,943
2,025
2,057
Oklahoma
382
408
429
432
436
468
474
487
490
Oregon
554
517
528
542
576
608
640
662
683
Pennsylvania
1,492
1,800
1,777
1,835
1,915
1,983
2,057
2,135
2,200
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
517
555
582
598
627
660
664
691
730
South Dakota
115
122
122
127
118
134
124
138
141
Tennessee
715
718
739
751
784
795
824
853
881
Texas
2,214
1,971
2,280
2,383
2,456
2,459
2,577
2,686
2,804
Utah
212
*
243
253
268
283
303
310
325
Vermont
*
71
80
83
93
97
104
106
109
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
Virginia
941
1,096
1,097
1,105
1,114
1,124
1,141
1,154
1,187
Washington
944
998
1,102
1,106
1,186
1,239
1,296
1,329
1,362
West Virginia
167
205
215
226
220
255
274
285
297
Wisconsin
711
759
779
802
823
846
870
897
914
Wyoming
*
64
70
74
76
80
82
85
89
Total
38,190
40,251
41,434
42,439
43,923
45,334
46,698
48,257
49,663

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 46

30

Table 21

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
24
9
22
20
25
*
15
7
0
74
Alaska
13
4
9
4
6
4
9
7
0
27
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
24
6
27
11
24
4
22
6
0
74
Arkansas
21
7
13
16
15
*
7
6
0
54
California
36
18
50
23
27
*
36
10
0
122
Colorado
37
8
34
16
26
*
31
11
0
96
Connecticut
8
8
22
8
12
*
*
5
0
39
Delaware
6
4
17
*
5
*
0
6
0
28
District of Columbia
11
8
25
*
9
*
*
5
0
37
Florida
26
16
47
17
34
*
16
7
0
94
Georgia
35
16
41
31
38
*
9
8
0
105
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
5
Hawaii
5
4
7
*
6
*
*
5
0
22
Idaho
25
4
20
14
20
*
14
8
0
59
Illinois
57
20
49
20
31
*
47
11
0
145
Indiana
36
9
34
13
37
*
41
7
0
99
Iowa
126
30
27
41
80
*
70
11
0
206
Kansas
39
13
26
29
36
*
31
11
0
97
Kentucky
26
9
23
27
23
*
17
9
0
88
Louisiana
17
7
22
15
19
*
8
7
0
59
Maine
12
10
16
5
11
*
*
5
0
32
Maryland
16
11
31
12
14
*
7
7
0
61
Massachusetts
17
8
33
10
11
*
8
6
0
58
Michigan
39
20
36
19
21
*
27
9
0
100
Minnesota
51
20
32
17
46
*
32
6
0
107
Mississippi
19
5
21
10
11
*
4
6
0
49
Missouri
37
14
33
19
32
*
42
8
0
109
Montana
24
8
16
6
13
*
16
*
0
47
Nebraska
35
7
14
21
30
*
26
8
0
75





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 47

31

Table 21 - Continued

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
18
8
24
6
14
*
7
7
0
55
New Hampshire
14
8
17
5
11
*
5
6
0
39
New Jersey
21
12
40
6
15
*
*
6
0
57
New Mexico
22
10
19
7
12
*
17
10
0
54
New York
44
16
39
19
26
*
15
6
0
93
North Carolina
27
7
29
21
28
*
8
10
0
78
North Dakota
31
9
18
7
17
*
13
4
0
49
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
39
11
32
27
33
*
23
8
*
104
Oklahoma
41
9
24
17
21
*
17
10
0
84
Oregon
40
12
31
14
34
*
22
6
0
85
Pennsylvania
34
11
41
25
25
*
9
7
0
90
Puerto Rico
*
0
5
*
*
*
*
5
0
14
Rhode Island
7
4
12
4
6
*
*
5
0
25
South Carolina
21
*
20
15
15
*
*
9
0
48
South Dakota
31
*
13
7
21
*
20
4
0
57
Tennessee
22
12
24
17
23
*
16
7
0
79
Texas
71
21
59
33
48
*
60
11
0
172
Utah
20
9
19
8
17
*
12
7
0
53
Vermont
10
*
17
5
9
*
4
4
0
37
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
*
0
*
*
*
0
7
Virginia
26
14
33
15
22
*
17
8
0
75
Washington
33
7
38
17
26
*
21
7
0
86
West Virginia
7
*
18
12
9
*
6
8
0
47
Wisconsin
47
18
26
18
32
*
30
8
0
97
Wyoming
14
6
9
4
5
*
13
7
0
37
Total
860
249
258
399
642
5
707
68
*
1,662

* Indicates one to three providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 48

32

Table 22

Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2012
xDSL Availability Where ILECs
Cable Modem Availability Where Cable
State
Offer Local Telephone Service
Systems Offer Cable TV Service
Alabama
83
93
Alaska
81
*
American Samoa
*
*
Arizona
92
99
Arkansas
83
84
California
87
99
Colorado
*
99
Connecticut
*
100
Delaware
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
Florida
87
97
Georgia
94
93
Guam
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
Idaho
88
98
Illinois
89
97
Indiana
87
97
Iowa
87
93
Kansas
86
96
Kentucky
88
94
Louisiana
85
95
Maine
86
96
Maryland
*
99
Massachusetts
*
99
Michigan
81
98
Minnesota
92
97
Mississippi
81
91
Missouri
85
96
Montana
86
*
Nebraska
88
94
Nevada
92
*
New Hampshire
89
98
New Jersey
78
100
New Mexico
89
95
New York
74
99
North Carolina
95
95
North Dakota
90
92
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
Ohio
90
98
Oklahoma
83
94
Oregon
92
98
Pennsylvania
81
97
Puerto Rico
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
South Carolina
92
95
South Dakota
83
87
Tennessee
86
99
Texas
83
98
Utah
96
96
Vermont
92
71
Virgin Islands
*
*
Virginia
67
98
Washington
91
96
West Virginia
*
93
Wisconsin
88
98
Wyoming
84
95
Total
85
97

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: This table summarizes responses to Form 477 questions about service availability, as opposed to subscribership. xDSL includes both asymmetric
and symmetric DSL. Each state-specific estimate is a weighted average of the availability percentages that ILECs or cable system operators report
for the areas they serve. Reported xDSL availability is weighted by ILEC end-user switched access lines and VoIP lines. Reported cable modem
availability is weighted by cable TV subscribers. The weighted averages include ILECs or cable system operators that report no availability.
Figures are presented to the nearest percent.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and II; Warren Communications News, Inc., Television & Cable Factbook: Online (Cable General Information, February 2010).


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 49

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts


Contents of this section

All counties


Chart 15
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 51
Table 23
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 52

All census tracts


Chart 16
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 53
Table 24
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology

as of June 30, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 54
Table 25
Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology

as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) ....................... 55

Counties and census tracts in individual states


Table 26
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County

Households by State as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ........................................................................................................ 56
Table 27
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract

Households by State as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ....................................................................................................... 58


Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract


Map 1
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 ............................................. 60
Map 2
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps

Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 ............................. 61

Maps: Number of providers by census tract


Map 3
Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 ................................................................................. 62
Map 4
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 ................................................................. 63
Map 5
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream

and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 .......................................... 64
Map 6
Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 ................................................................................. 65

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 50

33

Chart 15

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households as of June 30, 2012
16%
Number of Counties
3,234
Median
0.57
448
14%
418
409
12%
s
342
339
i
e

10%
ount
C

279
of 8%
ge
t
a
n
e

203
r
c
e
6%
179

P

144
125
4%
110
74
2%
42
42
35
14
13
5
5
8
0%
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households

Note: Ratios ov er 1 were set to 1. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates; and Census 2010. 2010 housing units proxy households in island area counties.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 51

34

Table 23

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households by Technology as of June 30, 2012


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
0.5
1.8
4.9
26.1
31.4
21.2
9.4
3.4
0.9
0.3
0.1
sDSL
83.9
15.4
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
97.7
2.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
13.5
9.1
9.4
18.0
17.2
14.6
10.9
5.0
1.9
0.2
0.2
FTTP
57.8
29.2
4.4
3.7
2.4
1.2
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.0
0.0
Satellite
0.5
83.2
13.0
3.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
43.8
44.2
7.6
3.6
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.7
3.6
9.4
19.2
26.5
34.1
5.5
0.7

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2010. 2010 housing units proxy households in island area counties.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 52

35

Chart 16

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households as of June 30, 2012
10
Number of Tracts
73,767
Median
0.68
8
t
s
c
a

6
Tr
of
e
g
a
nt
e
r
c

4
e
P

2
0
0
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households

Note: Ratios ov er 2 were set to 2. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates; and Census 2000.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 53

36

Table 24

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households by Technology as of June 30, 2012


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
1.3
8.3
11.1
28.4
23.6
14.8
7.5
3.0
1.4
0.3
0.3
sDSL
96.5
3.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.8
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
5.8
3.5
2.6
8.8
15.3
18.8
17.1
13.6
11.9
1.8
0.9
FTTP
73.2
10.7
2.0
3.0
3.4
3.4
2.3
1.2
0.6
0.1
0.0
Satellite
46.7
47.7
3.7
1.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
84.4
12.3
1.7
1.2
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.6
0.2
0.3
1.1
2.9
6.1
9.9
14.2
36.6
24.4
3.7

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 54

37

Table 25

Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Number of Providers
Seven or
Technology
Zero
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
More
aDSL
1.3
48.0
35.9
12.5
1.9
0.3
0.0
0.0
sDSL
96.5
3.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.8
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
5.8
81.4
12.3
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
FTTP
73.2
26.1
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
46.7
24.0
26.9
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
84.4
12.0
2.9
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
aDSL and/or Cable Modem and/or FTTP
0.8
2.9
40.9
35.5
15.8
3.4
0.6
0.1
Any Technology
0.6
0.6
18.4
27.6
25.9
15.6
7.1
4.2

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI and Census 2010.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 55

38

Table 26

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Alabama
67
0
0
0
2
4
9
30
9
13
0
0
Alaska
29
0
0
1
2
1
3
7
0
14
0
1
American Samoa
5
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
15
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
7
6
0
0
Arkansas
75
0
0
0
0
3
23
31
10
8
0
0
California
58
0
0
0
1
0
1
3
8
34
10
1
Colorado
64
0
0
0
0
1
1
8
17
22
9
6
Connecticut
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
0
Delaware
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
District of Columbia
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Florida
67
0
0
0
0
2
1
13
9
31
9
2
Georgia
159
0
0
1
2
10
18
37
35
47
9
0
Guam
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
Hawaii
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
0
Idaho
44
0
0
0
0
2
4
14
11
12
0
1
Illinois
102
0
0
1
1
2
7
20
38
29
3
1
Indiana
92
0
0
0
0
1
5
23
37
24
2
0
Iowa
99
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
46
43
2
0
Kansas
105
0
0
0
0
0
2
15
37
48
3
0
Kentucky
120
0
0
0
0
4
10
31
36
36
3
0
Louisiana
64
0
0
0
0
4
10
18
14
18
0
0
Maine
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
10
4
0
Maryland
24
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
14
5
0
Massachusetts
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
4
3
Michigan
83
0
0
0
0
2
7
15
29
27
3
0
Minnesota
87
0
0
0
0
0
1
6
28
50
2
0
Mississippi
82
0
0
0
2
15
30
17
11
6
1
0
Missouri
115
0
0
1
1
3
16
33
39
20
2
0
Montana
56
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
24
22
0
0
Nebraska
93
0
0
0
0
0
7
17
35
33
1
0





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 56

39

Table 26 - Continued

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Nevada
17
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
3
7
0
0
New Hampshire
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
5
0
New Jersey
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
12
1
New Mexico
33
0
0
0
0
2
7
7
8
7
2
0
New York
62
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
9
41
10
1
North Carolina
100
0
0
0
0
0
3
23
25
37
11
1
North Dakota
53
0
0
0
0
0
1
4
9
35
4
0
Northern Mariana Isl
4
1
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
88
0
0
0
0
0
3
11
27
45
2
0
Oklahoma
77
0
0
0
0
8
17
20
22
10
0
0
Oregon
36
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
13
19
0
0
Pennsylvania
67
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
12
38
11
2
Puerto Rico
78
0
0
0
0
18
21
29
9
1
0
0
Rhode Island
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
0
South Carolina
46
0
0
0
0
2
9
8
14
11
2
0
South Dakota
66
0
0
0
0
1
4
5
21
32
3
0
Tennessee
95
0
0
0
1
4
15
36
23
15
1
0
Texas
254
0
0
0
0
11
33
73
71
60
5
1
Utah
29
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
9
15
1
1
Vermont
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
8
5
0
Virgin Islands
3
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
134
0
0
1
6
11
12
21
38
29
16
0
Washington
39
0
0
0
0
1
3
1
9
24
1
0
West Virginia
55
0
0
0
0
1
5
9
24
15
1
0
Wisconsin
72
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
19
46
2
1
Wyoming
23
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
6
12
1
0
Total
3,234
3
2
5
22
116
304
621
857
1104
177
23

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2010 (Housing units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 57

40

Table 27

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Alabama
1,179
4
2
1
30
92
176
233
207
318
97
19
Alaska
167
2
2
1
5
6
7
11
20
79
23
11
American Samoa
18
3
6
1
2
2
0
2
1
0
1
0
Arizona
1,526
18
14
7
18
40
81
134
200
525
418
71
Arkansas
686
0
2
1
22
66
125
146
109
162
41
12
California
8,036
40
14
13
56
79
207
483
841
2,938
3,055
310
Colorado
1,249
12
0
2
3
9
27
79
158
456
427
76
Connecticut
829
3
0
0
0
3
14
45
60
273
408
23
Delaware
215
1
0
0
1
0
2
16
26
78
70
21
District of Columbia
179
1
0
0
0
0
3
22
26
75
46
6
Florida
4,199
30
3
4
11
51
137
332
559
1,690
1,131
251
Georgia
1,964
10
5
1
23
78
187
290
316
650
352
52
Guam
56
6
2
0
4
2
2
0
1
3
3
33
Hawaii
326
7
1
1
3
0
2
11
23
128
108
42
Idaho
298
1
0
1
0
7
19
46
87
113
20
4
Illinois
3,121
7
5
3
26
80
249
376
485
1,166
674
50
Indiana
1,508
3
2
3
5
35
100
262
357
542
177
22
Iowa
825
2
1
1
1
8
20
82
212
420
69
9
Kansas
770
7
1
0
4
14
48
92
175
275
130
24
Kentucky
1,115
8
0
2
14
43
87
192
227
382
130
30
Louisiana
1,136
10
0
2
16
60
154
214
216
350
100
14
Maine
351
0
0
0
0
2
5
22
40
178
77
27
Maryland
1,394
7
0
1
1
16
67
90
128
467
560
57
Massachusetts
1,471
9
0
0
1
5
6
33
107
572
658
80
Michigan
2,767
24
1
4
40
172
251
290
362
1,001
586
36
Minnesota
1,335
4
0
2
6
6
31
106
257
621
289
13
Mississippi
661
3
1
6
18
87
153
120
93
134
32
14
Missouri
1,393
3
4
4
16
93
138
201
272
433
205
24
Montana
271
2
0
2
2
3
15
32
74
110
23
8
Nebraska
532
2
0
1
0
2
25
58
114
216
91
23





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 58

41

Table 27 - Continued

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of June 30, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Nevada
683
5
0
3
9
25
45
73
92
252
151
28
New Hampshire
294
2
0
1
0
0
0
6
17
114
139
15
New Jersey
2,004
8
1
2
1
0
10
32
112
754
984
100
New Mexico
499
5
11
4
9
27
53
86
87
155
47
15
New York
4,900
65
2
9
20
37
119
158
452
2,295
1,541
202
North Carolina
2,183
14
1
1
9
52
134
282
370
719
421
180
North Dakota
205
0
0
0
0
3
6
17
34
106
28
11
Northern Mariana Isl
22
3
2
0
1
3
0
0
2
1
1
9
Ohio
2,946
6
0
2
12
76
214
319
495
1,226
541
55
Oklahoma
1,046
1
9
12
34
76
136
177
171
265
138
27
Oregon
827
2
0
0
1
1
13
53
166
419
165
7
Pennsylvania
3,217
13
2
3
20
34
78
220
497
1,455
749
146
Puerto Rico
903
15
2
27
167
171
176
116
79
54
31
65
Rhode Island
241
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
23
129
76
10
South Carolina
1,097
9
0
0
12
60
121
187
186
322
136
64
South Dakota
222
1
0
0
1
3
8
20
44
113
28
4
Tennessee
1,497
14
2
3
22
92
181
299
284
424
149
27
Texas
5,253
29
11
33
104
269
621
769
739
1,433
1,030
215
Utah
588
5
1
3
2
5
6
33
80
281
143
29
Vermont
184
1
0
0
0
0
1
2
18
101
48
13
Virgin Islands
29
0
0
1
4
6
4
3
4
4
0
3
Virginia
1,895
18
3
12
34
68
98
182
226
472
693
89
Washington
1,446
1
0
2
7
19
42
80
163
646
456
30
West Virginia
484
0
4
6
17
13
39
73
95
177
41
19
Wisconsin
1,393
2
3
1
6
30
73
116
251
677
212
22
Wyoming
132
1
0
0
3
3
6
10
20
71
17
1
Total
73,767
449
120
189
823
2,134
4,522
7,336
10,460
27,020
17,966
2,748

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2011 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 59

Map 1

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction per 1,000 Households

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households by
census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Connections data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from TIGER.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2011 estimates from Geolytics. Household counts
for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 60

Map 2

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps Upstream

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
upstream and at least 768 kbps downstream. Al technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless are included.
Connections are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from TIGER.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2011 estimates from Geolytics. Household
counts for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 61

Map 3

Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates
greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include al
technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from TIGER. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical
Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 62

Map 4

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by
census tract. A provider is counted only if it reported residential
connections in the tract. Connections have information transfer
rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction and include
al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from TIGER. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical
Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 63

Map 5

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census tract.
A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in the tract.
Connections have information transfer rates of at least 3 Mbps downstream
and at least 768 kbps upstream and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile
wireless.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from TIGER. For more information about census tracts please see Census
2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 64

Map 6

Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012

Symbology

Providers (Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of potential providers of mobile connections
with information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction by
census tract. Providers are counted if they indicate that service is available in
a tract over a network the provider operates.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are
from TIGER. For more information about census tracts please see Census 2010
Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 65

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures


Contents of this section

Household income


Chart 17
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) .................... 67
Chart 18
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2011 ............ 68

Household density


Chart 19
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) .................... 69
Chart 20
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2011 ........... 70

Education


Chart 21
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2011

(County Data) .................................................................................................................... 71
Chart 22
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2011 ............................................................................... 72

Age


Chart 23
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) ....... 73
Chart 24
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2011 .............................................................................. 74

Race


Chart 25
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2011

(County Data) .................................................................................................................... 75
Chart 26
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)

as of December 31, 2011 ................................................................................................... 76

Technology and household density


Chart 27
Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of

December 31, 2011 ............................................................................................................ 77

Income and household density


Chart 28
Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of

December 31, 2011, by Tract ............................................................................................ 78
Chart 29
Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction to Households by Income and Density as of December 31, 2011 ..................... 79

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 66

42

Chart 17

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012
(County Data)
0.90
0.80
0.81
0.72
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.56
0.54
0.54
i
o
at

0.51
0.52
R 0.50
0.50
i
p
sh

0.47
er
i
b

scr
0.42
0.42
b
u
0.40

S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Counties Ranked by Median Household Income, in Deciles Higher Income

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by income deciles. Counties were grouped into income deciles based on county median household income in 2009, as reported by the
Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the
decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




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Chart 18

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.40
0.47
0.50
0.52
0.56
0.58
0.59
0.62
0.66
0.74
Median
0.40
0.47
0.50
0.52
0.56
0.59
0.60
0.63
0.67
0.76
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

Median
t
i
o
a
0.6
R
Q1
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Incom e Median Household Incom e by Decile Higher Incom e

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the income decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erageresidential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




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Chart 19

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.74
0.70
0.70
0.69
0.64
0.64
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.54
0.54
0.54
0.54
0.52
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Counties Ranked by Household Density, in Deciles Higher Density

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by density deciles. Counties were grouped into density deciles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated county households in 2010 to county land area f rom the Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections
ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of
the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N
and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and Census 2010 (County land area).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 69

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Chart 20

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.55
0.55
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.53
0.57
0.62
0.67
0.68
Median
0.56
0.55
0.49
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.57
0.61
0.67
0.71
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

t
i
o

Median
a 0.6
R
ip

Q1
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Density County Household Density by Decile Higher Density

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the density decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and Census 2010 (County land area).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 70

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Chart 21

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.78
0.70
0.71
0.69
0.67
0.64
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.58
0.58
0.55
0.54
0.52
0.50
0.51
0.50
i
o

0.48
0.48
at
0.46
R
i
p

0.44
0.44
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of College Graduates, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by county share of college graduates in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population at
least 25 y ears of age with a college degree or higher educational attainment. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er
200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of
residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles
less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County educational attainment).




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Chart 22

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.42
0.44
0.48
0.52
0.55
0.56
0.60
0.62
0.68
0.76
Median
0.42
0.45
0.48
0.53
0.56
0.58
0.61
0.63
0.68
0.76
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

Median
t
i
o
a
0.6
R
Q1
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Share County Share of College Graduates by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the share decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County educational attainment).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 72

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Chart 23

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.72
0.70
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.67
0.67
0.64
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age Counties Ranked by Average Age, in Deciles Higher Average Age

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by county av erage age in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the av erage age of the county population. For each
decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of
households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction
across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County av erage age).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 73

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Chart 24

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.61
0.60
0.56
0.55
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.56
0.59
Median
0.62
0.61
0.58
0.54
0.55
0.53
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.59
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7

Q3
t
i
o
a
0.6
R
ip

Median
h
r
s
e
0.5
Q1
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
0.1
Min
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Average Age County Average Age by Decile Higher Average Age

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the av erage age decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County av erage age).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 74

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Chart 25

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.72
0.70
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.56
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of Population W hite, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by the share of county population white alone in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county
population that reported their race as white alone. For each decile,the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least
one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed
connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Race).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 75

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Chart 26

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.47
0.53
0.57
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.59
0.58
0.56
0.54
Median
0.45
0.52
0.57
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.59
0.57
0.57
0.55
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

t
i
o
a
0.6
R
Median
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
Q1
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
Min
0.2
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Share County Share White Alone by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in each race decile. Counties were grouped into
deciles based on the share of the county population that reported their race as white alone. Some of the f eatures are labeled, but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage
residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and
is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Race).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 76

52

Chart 27

Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of June 30, 2012

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
90
80
ns
t
i
o
70
c
e
n
on
C
d
e
60
pe
-
S

i
gh

H
50
d
e
i
x
l
F

t
i
a
n
40
e
i
d
s
e
R
of
30
ge
t
a
n
e
r
c
e
20

P

10
0
Lowest Density
Highest Density
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Satellite
Fixed Wireless
This chart shows subscribership ratios by technology and household density . Tracts were grouped into 100 density percentiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2011 to tract land area f rom the Census Bureau. For each percentile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted av erage ratio of residential f ixed
connections to households across tracts in the percentile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and Census 2010 (Tract land area).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 77

53

Chart 28

Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of June 30, 2012

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction by Tract)
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Richest
Highest Density
Poorest
Lowest Density
This chart shows subscribership ratios by household density and income quantiles. Tracts were grouped into 400 density /income quantiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2011 to tract land area f rom the Census Bureau, and median household income. For each quantile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted av erage ratio of
residential f ixed connections to households across tracts in the decile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); Census 2010 (Tract land area); 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




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Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 78

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Chart 29

Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households by Income and Density

Tract Data as of June 30, 2012

100%
90%
80%
ds
hol
e

70%
s
u
o
H

to
60%
s
n
o
ti
c
e

50%
onn
C

of
40%
o
ti
a
R
n
a

30%
di
e
M

20%
10%
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Density Tract Density (Households per Square Mile) in Deciles Higher Density

Tract Median Income in Deciles
less than $27,617
$27,617 to $34,524
$34,524 to $39,861
$39,861 to $44,688
$44,688 to $50,231
$50,231 to $56,012
$56,012 to $63,801
$63,801 to $74,600
$74,600 to $92,321
more than $92,321
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2011 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2011); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 79


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available ahttp://www.fcc.gov/form477">t www.fcc.gov/form477.

Wherever a number of providers is cited in this report, multiple Form 477 filers within a holding
company structure count as one provider.

Form 477 collects information about Internet access connections in service to end-user locations that are
advertised to deliver information to and/or from the end user – that is, in at least one direction – at transfer
rates (“speeds”) above 200 kilobits per second (kbps). Information is collected about connections in 72
speed tiers (nine upstream tiers and eight downstream) defined by ranges of upstream speeds and
downstream speeds. Connections are further categorized by the technology employed by the part of the
connection that terminates at the end-user location.

“End users” are residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use services for their own
purposes and who do not resell such services to other entities. Facilities-based providers report
information about connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also connections
that they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users. For Form 477 purposes, the
facilities-based provider of a connection is the entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that
terminates at the end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special access line, or
other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location and provisions/equips it as a connection that
transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction to the end-user location
over licensed spectrum or over spectrum that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.

The mutually exclusive Form 477 technology categories are: asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
(“aDSL” in this report), symmetric Digital Subscriber Line (“sDSL”), other wireline, cable modem,
optical fiber to the end-user premises (“FTTP”), satellite, fixed wireless (using licensed or unlicensed
spectrum), mobile wireless (using licensed or unlicensed spectrum), electric power line, and all other
(which is included to capture deployment of additional technologies over time). In the Form 477 data
collection, aDSL-based services delivered over fiber-to-the-node architecture are reported in the aDSL
category. The other wireline category comprises T1/DS1, T3/DS3, and other copper-based connections,
not elsewhere categorized, that deliver Internet access service at the end-user location. Ethernet
connections delivering Internet access service are reported in the other wireline category if the connection
terminates over copper and in the FTTP category if the connection terminates over fiber. Connections
deployed over hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture are reported in the cable modem category. Wireless
ISPs (“WISPs”) report in the fixed wireless category if providing service to dispersed, fixed end-user
locations and report in the mobile wireless category if providing a commercial service that can be
received at any location within a service footprint. Wireless local area networks (such as Wi-Fi hotspots)
that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises connection are not included, although the
shared premises connection is included.

Numbers of connections presented in this report are not adjusted for the number of persons at a single
end-user location who have access to, or who use, the Internet access services delivered over the
connection to that location.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 80

Numbers of residential connections are estimated based on the total connections and percentage-
residential connections information reported on Form 477.

Census tracts



Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, facilities-based providers of reportable fixed-location
Internet access connections must report connection counts and percentage residential information at the
census tract level of detail. Because of the inherent mobility of their service, facilities-based mobile
wireless providers do not report subscriber counts by census tract. Instead, they report the census tracts in
the state that best represent the areas where service is available over the provider’s own network, for each
of the speed tiers in which the provider offers service.

The census tract-level data summarized in this report were collected for tracts in the 2010 decennial
census. For the purposes of this report, there are 73,767 census tracts because we exclude census tracts
delineated specifically to cover large bodies of water.

About 110 of the census tracts have population but no households because the population resides in group
living quarters. For the purpose of estimating residential subscribership rates by census tract, we assume
these census tracts have no reportable residential Internet access service because persons residing in
group quarters would have Internet access over a business connection provided to the operator of the
group quarters. Therefore, these census tracts are included in the “zero” column.

Decline in reported mobile wireless connections between June 2008 and December 2008

Changed reporting instructions starting in December 2008 caused a one-time decrease in the reported
number of mobile wireless Internet access service connections, from about 60 million in June 2008 to
about 25 million in December 2008. For reporting periods through June 30, 2008, Form 477 had
instructed mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers whose mobile device (such as a
wireless modem laptop card, smartphone, or handset) was capable of sending or receiving data at speeds
above 200 kbps. The Commission found these instructions insufficiently precise to enable it to
determine, from the reported data, the number of subscribers making regular use of Internet access service
above 200 kbps as part of their mobile service package. Starting with the December 31, 2008 data,
therefore, Form 477 requires mobile wireless providers to report the number of subscribers that have a
capable device (as discussed above) for which the subscription includes a data plan for transferring, on a
monthly basis, either a specified or an unlimited amount of data to and from Internet sites of the
subscriber’s choice, and excluding subscribers whose choice of content is restricted to only customized-
for-mobile content (for example, text and multimedia messaging, or the capacity to download ringtones
and games).

Starting with the December 31, 2008, data, providers also must report, explicitly and separately, total
subscribers with a device capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps, irrespective of
the service plan purchased. The number of such devices reported for December 2008 was about 86
million. That figure is not directly comparable to mobile wireless connections reported for June 2008 or
earlier reporting periods, however, because individual providers – to a varying and largely unknown
degree – included or excluded subscribers with service plans for less than full Internet access in the earlier
data.

Finally, the Form 477 modifications adopted for the December 31, 2008, and later, data specify how
mobile wireless providers should distinguish between residential subscribers and other subscribers, and
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 81

some of these providers consequently reported a larger share of residential subscribers than they had
reported for earlier dates.

Ratios of residential fixed-location connections to households that exceed 100%


Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, information about connections over fixed-location
technologies must be reported for individual census tracts. This allows us to estimate the share of
households with fixed-location connections in individual census tracts by taking the ratio of the reported
number of fixed-location residential service connections to the estimated number of households. We
continue to find “outlier” estimates at or above 100% and to find that the number of outliers is
substantially reduced when estimates are made for individual counties rather than for individual census
tracts.

Possible explanations of ratios at or above 100% include (1) geocoding misallocations of service locations
to census tracts; (2) proper allocation of connections to the county level by some filers, but improper
allocation of all connections to a single tract in the county; (3) possible overestimation of residential
connections in service plans for which the customer base is primarily residential; and (4) connections at
seasonally or occasionally occupied housing units, such as vacation homes, while the household is
counted elsewhere. Most of the numbers of households in census tracts that were used to generate the
estimated ratios are themselves estimates (from GeoLytics, Inc.), which could have an independent effect.

Maps showing number of providers by census tract



Readers of previous reports in this series may note certain differences in the provider-count maps in this
report as compared to maps for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates, which showed the number of providers by
5-digit geographical ZIP Code. The ZIP Code-based maps counted (at the holding company level) each
provider with any fixed-location connections (wired, terrestrial fixed wireless, or satellite) reported for the
ZIP Code and also any mobile wireless service provider who listed the ZIP Code as part of its service
area. By contrast, in this report we provide separate maps for providers (counted at the holding company
level) of fixed-location connections and for mobile wireless providers. Also, we present maps showing
the number of providers that reported any residential fixed-location connections, thereby excluding any
providers of exclusively business fixed-location connections in the census tract.

Maps showing residential subscribership rates by census tract



The two maps based on estimated Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction per
1,000 households (that is, estimated household subscribership rates) are not comparable to ZIP Code-
based maps developed from FCC Form 477 data for June 30, 2008 and earlier dates because numbers of
connections were never reported for individual ZIP Codes. Readers should note that these two maps (1)
exclude all connections identified as business connections and (2) necessarily exclude residential mobile
wireless connections (which are reported for the state but not for individual census tracts).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 82

Glossary


Term Definition

aDSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop typically using
copper facilities and providing greater bandwidth in one direction than the
other.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system.
Downstream speed
Speed of transmission from the Internet to the end user.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Facilities-based provider
Entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the
end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special
access line, or other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location
and provisions/equips it as a connection that transfers information at rates
over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one
direction to the end-user location over licensed spectrum or over spectrum
that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.
Fixed wireless
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
Fixed-location technologies
All technologies other than terrestrial mobile wireless.
FTTH or FTTP
Fiber to the Home (Premises): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer’s home (premises).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ISPs
Internet Service Providers: Companies or organizations that provide
Internet access service (see above).
iVoIP
Interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol: A service that enables real-
time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection
from the user’s location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer
premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that
originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls
to the public switched telephone network.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Mobile wireless provider
Provider of mobile wireless service (see above).
Other wireline
All copper-wire based technologies other than DSL technologies;
Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
Power line
Internet access service delivered over electric power transmission lines.
Satellite communications
A telecommunications service provided via one or more satellite relays
and their associated uplinks and downlinks.
sDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line: DSL technology that provides equal
bandwidth for both uploads and downloads.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 83

Speed tiers
Sub-groupings defined by ranges of upstream speeds and downstream
speeds.
Upstream speed
Speed of transmission from the end user to the Internet.
Wi-Fi hotspot
Wireless Fidelity: Generic term referring to any type of IEEE 802.11
wireless network. A hotspot is a small geographic area in which users can
gain access to a Wi-Fi network which in turn connects to the Internet.
Wireless service
Telephone, Internet, data, and other services provided to customers
through the transmission of signals over networks of radio towers.
Wireless service provider
Provider of wireless service (see above).
Wireless
Any means of electronic data transfer using electromagnetic means, most
telecommunications
commonly radio waves.
WISP
Wireless ISP: A company that provides end users with wireless access to
the Internet, most commonly by using radio spectrum designated for
unlicensed use.
WLAN
Wireless local area network: A WLAN uses radio waves to connect user
devices to a local area network (LAN), thereby extending an existing
wired LAN.

.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 84

Customer Response

Publication: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012

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Document Outline

  • TOC_National_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Number of connections
    • Table 1 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 17
    • Table 2 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012 17
    • Table 3 Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 17
    • Table 4 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps
    • Upstream 2008-2012 17
    • Speed of connections
    • Chart 1 Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of
    • June 30, 2012 18
    • Chart 2 Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • as of June 30, 2012 19
    • Chart 3 Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • as of June 30, 2012 20
    • Chart 4 Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction as of June 30, 2012 21
    • Chart 5 Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction as of June 30, 2012 22
    • Technology of connections
    • Table 5 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 23
    • Chart 6 Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 23
    • Table 6 Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology
    • 2008-2012 24
    • Chart 7 Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 24
    • Connections by speed and technology
    • Table 7 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology 2008-2012 25
    • Chart 8 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology as of June 30, 2012 25
    • Table 8 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology 2008-2012 26
    • Chart 9 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology as of June 30, 2012 26
    • Chart 10 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2012
    • (Shares of selected technologies) 27
    • Chart 11 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012
    • (Net adds for selected technologies) 27
    • Chart 12 Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012
    • (Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) 28
    • Table 9 Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)
    • as of June 30, 2012 29
    • Chart 13 Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 29
    • Table 10 Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2012 30
    • Table 11 Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 31
    • Number of providers
    • Table 12 Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps
    • in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 32
    • Chart 14 Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps
    • in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2008-2012 32
  • TOC_State_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Residential subscribership rates
    • Table 13 Residential Fixed Connections (Approximating the National Broadband
    • Availability Target) and Households by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections with advertised speeds at least 3 mbps down and 768 kbps up) 34
    • Table 14 Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 35
    • End users of connections
    • Table 15 Connections by Type of End User by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 36
    • Connections by speed and technology
    • Table 16 Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 37
    • Table 17 Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) 39
    • Table 18 Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 41
    • Connections for selected technologies
    • Table 19 ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 43
    • Table 20 Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 45
    • Number of providers
    • Table 21 Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of June 30, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 47
    • Reported availability for selected technologies
    • Table 22 Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to Services over 200 kbps
    • in at Least One Direction by State as of June 30, 2012: xDSL Availability
    • Where ILECs Offer Local Telephone Service and Cable Modem Availability
    • Where Cable Systems Offer Cable TV Service 49
  • TOC_County_Tract_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Household income
    • Chart 17 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 67
    • Chart 18 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012 68
    • Household density
    • Chart 19 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 69
    • Chart 20 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012 70
    • Education
    • Chart 21 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
    • (County Data) 71
    • Chart 22 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree
    • (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012 72
    • Age
    • Chart 23 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 73
    • Chart 24 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population
    • (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012 74
    • Race
    • Chart 25 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
    • (County Data) 75
    • Chart 26 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)
    • as of June 30, 2012 76
    • Technology and household density
    • Chart 27 Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of
    • June 30, 2012 77
    • Income and household density
    • Chart 28 Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of
    • June 30, 2012, by Tract 78
    • Chart 29 Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction to Households by Income and Density as of June 30, 2012 79
  • TOC_County_Tract_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Household income
    • Chart 17 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 67
    • Chart 18 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of June 30, 2012 68
    • Household density
    • Chart 19 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 69
    • Chart 20 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of June 30, 2012 70
    • Education
    • Chart 21 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
    • (County Data) 71
    • Chart 22 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree
    • (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012 72
    • Age
    • Chart 23 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of June 30, 2012 (County Data) 73
    • Chart 24 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population
    • (in Deciles) as of June 30, 2012 74
    • Race
    • Chart 25 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of June 30, 2012
    • (County Data) 75
    • Chart 26 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)
    • as of June 30, 2012 76
    • Technology and household density
    • Chart 27 Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of
    • June 30, 2012 77
    • Income and household density
    • Chart 28 Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of
    • June 30, 2012, by Tract 78
    • Chart 29 Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction to Households by Income and Density as of June 30, 2012 79
  • TOC_County_Tract_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • All counties
    • Chart 15 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
    • as of June 30, 2012 51
    • Table 23 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 52
    • All census tracts
    • Chart 16 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
    • as of June 30, 2012 53
    • Table 24 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 54
    • Table 25 Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 55
    • Counties and census tracts in individual states
    • Table 26 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County
    • Households by State as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in
    • at least one direction) 56
    • Table 27 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract
    • Households by State as of June 30, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in
    • at least one direction) 58
    • Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract
    • Map 1 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 60
    • Map 2 Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps
    • Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 61
    • Maps: Number of providers by census tract
    • Map 3 Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 62
    • Map 4 Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 63
    • Map 5 Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream
    • and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 64
    • Map 6 Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • by Census Tract as of June 30, 2012 65
  • TOC_Demographic_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Household income
    • Chart 17 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) 67
    • Chart 18 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2011 68
    • Household density
    • Chart 19 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) 69
    • Chart 20 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2011 70
    • Education
    • Chart 21 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2011
    • (County Data) 71
    • Chart 22 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree
    • (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2011 72
    • Age
    • Chart 23 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2011 (County Data) 73
    • Chart 24 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population
    • (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2011 74
    • Race
    • Chart 25 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2011
    • (County Data) 75
    • Chart 26 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)
    • as of December 31, 2011 76
    • Technology and household density
    • Chart 27 Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of
    • December 31, 2011 77
    • Income and household density
    • Chart 28 Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of
    • December 31, 2011, by Tract 78
    • Chart 29 Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction to Households by Income and Density as of December 31, 2011 79
  • TOC_National_3.11.13.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Number of connections
    • Table 1 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 17
    • Table 2 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012 17
    • Table 3 Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 17
    • Table 4 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps
    • Upstream 2008-2012 17
    • Speed of connections
    • Chart 1 Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of
    • June 30, 2012 18
    • Chart 2 Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • as of June 30, 2012 19
    • Chart 3 Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • as of June 30, 2012 20
    • Chart 4 Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction as of June 30, 2012 21
    • Chart 5 Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction as of June 30, 2012 22
    • Technology of connections
    • Table 5 Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 23
    • Chart 6 Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 23
    • Table 6 Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology
    • 2008-2012 24
    • Chart 7 Residential Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012 24
    • Connections by speed and technology
    • Table 7 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology 2008-2012 25
    • Chart 8 Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology as of June 30, 2012 25
    • Table 8 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology 2008-2012 26
    • Chart 9 Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream
    • by Technology as of June 30, 2012 26
    • Chart 10 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2007-2012
    • (Shares of selected technologies) 27
    • Chart 11 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012
    • (Net adds for selected technologies) 27
    • Chart 12 Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of June 30, 2012
    • (Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) 28
    • Table 9 Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)
    • as of June 30, 2012 29
    • Chart 13 Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 29
    • Table 10 Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of June 30, 2012 30
    • Table 11 Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology
    • as of June 30, 2012 31
    • Number of providers
    • Table 12 Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps
    • in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 32
    • Chart 14 Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps
    • in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2008-2012 32
  • TOC_3.11.13.pdf
    • Table of Contents
    • Introduction 1
    • Figure 1 Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 2
    • Figure 2 Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections
    • as of June 30, 2012 3
    • Connection speeds in detail 3
    • Figure 3(a) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed 4
    • Figure 3(b) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed 5
    • Figure 4(a) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed 6
    • Figure 4(b) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed 7
    • Providers by census tract by connection speed 8
    • Figure 5(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds 9
    • Figure 5(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds
    • or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service
    • of Various Speeds 10
    • Internet access adoption. 11
    • Figure 6 Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 11
    • Other report highlights 12
    • Residential subscribership 12
    • Household adoption of faster speeds 12
    • Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections 13
    • Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics 13
    • Maps of providers by census tract 13
    • Remainder of the report 13
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation 15
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The States 33
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts 50
    • Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures 66
    • Technical Notes 80
    • Glossary 83
  • TOC_3.12.13.pdf
    • Table of Contents
    • Introduction 1
    • Figure 1 Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 2
    • Figure 2 Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections
    • as of June 30, 2012 3
    • Connection speeds in detail 3
    • Figure 3(a) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed 4
    • Figure 3(b) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed 5
    • Figure 4(a) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed 6
    • Figure 4(b) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed 7
    • Providers by census tract by connection speed 8
    • Figure 5(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds 9
    • Figure 5(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds
    • or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service
    • of Various Speeds 10
    • Internet access adoption. 11
    • Figure 6 Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 11
    • Other report highlights 12
    • Residential subscribership 12
    • Household adoption of faster speeds 12
    • Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections 13
    • Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics 13
    • Maps of providers by census tract 13
    • Remainder of the report 13
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation 15
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The States 33
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts 50
    • Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures 66
    • Technical Notes 80
    • Glossary 83
  • maps_043013.pdf
    • res_fixed_hs_subratio_043013_v1
    • res_fixed_btop_subratio_043013_v1
    • total_fixed_providers_043013_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_043013_v1
    • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_043013_v1
    • total_providers_tmw_043013_v1
  • TOC_3.12.13.pdf
    • Table of Contents
    • Introduction 1
    • Figure 1 Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 2
    • Figure 2 Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections
    • as of June 30, 2012 3
    • Connection speeds in detail 3
    • Figure 3(a) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed 4
    • Figure 3(b) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed 5
    • Figure 4(a) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed 6
    • Figure 4(b) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed 7
    • Providers by census tract by connection speed 8
    • Figure 5(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds 9
    • Figure 5(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds
    • or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service
    • of Various Speeds 10
    • Internet access adoption. 11
    • Figure 6 Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 11
    • Other report highlights 12
    • Residential subscribership 12
    • Household adoption of faster speeds 12
    • Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections 13
    • Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics 13
    • Maps of providers by census tract 13
    • Remainder of the report 13
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation 15
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The States 33
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts 50
    • Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures 66
    • Technical Notes 80
    • Glossary 83

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