Skip Navigation

Federal Communications Commission

English Display Options

Commission Document

FCC Releases New Data on Internet Access Services

Download Options

Released: December 24, 2013



Internet Access Services:

Status as of December 31, 2012








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
December 2013


















This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.











Table of Contents


Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1


Figure 1
Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 ........................... 2
Figure 2
Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of December 31, 2012 ........................................................................................... 3

Connection speeds in detail .................................................................................................................. 4

Figure 3(a)
Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed ..................... 5
Figure 3(b)
Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed .......................... 6
Figure 4(a)
Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed................... 7
Figure 4(b)
Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed ....................... 8

Providers by census tract by connection speed .................................................................................. 9

Figure 5(a)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds ......................... 9
Figure 5(b)
Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers

Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds

or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service

of Various Speeds .................................................................................................... 10

Internet access adoption. .................................................................................................................... 11

Figure 6
Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 ................................................................. 11

Other report highlights ....................................................................................................................... 12

Residential subscribership .............................................................................................................. 12
Household adoption of faster speeds .............................................................................................. 12
Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections .................................. 13
Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics ......................................................... 13
Maps of providers by census tract .................................................................................................. 13

Remainder of the report ..................................................................................................................... 13

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation ........................................................................................ 15

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States ......................................................................................... 33

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts ........................................................... 49

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures .................................................................. 65

Technical Notes ................................................................................................................................... 79

Glossary ............................................................................................................................................... 81

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 i

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012


Introduction.

This report summarizes information about Internet access connections over 200 kilobits
per second (kbps) in at least one direction in service in the United States on December 31, 2012, as
collected by FCC Form 477. Form 477 gathers standardized information about subscribership to Internet
access services in the fifty states, District of Columbia, and inhabited insular areas (American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands). The information is reported by
telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers, satellite service
providers, and other facilities-based providers of advanced telecommunications capability.1 This is the
ninth report to include details about subscribership differences among census tracts and counties, as well
as subscribership differences among the states.2

Notable developments between December 2011 and December 2012 include:

• Internet connections overall are growing. The number of connections over 200 kbps in at least
one direction increased by 14% year-over-year to nearly 262 million.

• At year-end 2012, there were almost 65 million fixed and 64 million mobile connections with
download speeds at or above 3 megabits per second (Mbps) and upload speeds at or above 768
kbps as compared to 51 million fixed and 31 million mobile connections a year earlier. Figure 1
illustrates the trend in connections speeds from December 2009 through December 2012, and
Figure 2 presents a side-by-side comparison of fixed and mobile connection speeds in December
2012.3




1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 data collection and the meaning of terms used in this report.
Readers should note two key aspects of the Form 477 data. First, if service connections of different speeds are
available to a particular consumer for purchase – from one or more suppliers – then only the purchased connection
is counted by Form 477. Second, the reported connection speed is typically the advertised speed of the purchased
service, and it is possible that the purchased service will not operate at its advertised speed at all times. The
Commission has sponsored tests of actual consumer broadband speeds. See, e.g., Federal Communications
Commission, Office of Engineering and Technology and Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, 2013
Measuring Broadband America: A Report on Consumer Wireline Broadband Performance in the U.S.
(February
2013), availablhttp://www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america">e at www.fcc.gov/measuring-broadband-america.
2 Census tract-level data were first collected for December 2008. For an overview of program history, see High-
Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of December 31, 2008
(February 2010) (December 2008 High-Speed
Report
) at pp. 1-4, available athttp://transition.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in
the Form 477 data should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
3 Reporting entities place connections into speed tiers defined by predetermined ranges of upload and download
speeds. Note that the Commission has decided to implement a different approach starting with data as of June 30,
2014. For each fixed product subscribed to in a census tract, the provider will report connections by the maximum
advertised upload and download speeds of the product in that census tract. For each mobile product subscribed to in
a state, the provider will report connections by the minimum advertised upload and download speeds of the product
in that state. As the Commission explained, while the maximum advertised speed is a reasonably reliable indicator
of the speed of fixed service that subscribers receive, a wireless service provider’s targeted minimum data speed in a
market typically is a primary driver of the wireless network design that determines the market coverage boundaries.
See Modernizing the FCC Form 477 Data Program, WC Docket No. 11-10, Report and Order, 28 FCC Rcd 9887,
9908-09, 9915, paras. 42 n.138, 62 (2013) (June 2013 Form 477 Modernization Order).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 1

Figure 1

Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012*

300
261.7
40.7
243.4
230.4
36.8
34.3
23.9
206.1
29.6
20.5
s
n
200
16.8
28.0
182.1
illio
32.7
26.0
37.2
19.0
M
157.0
31.6
in
s
n

23.4
18.7
38.0
18.7
t
io

136.3
c
14.2
e
20.6
39.8
32.2
n
18.0
24.3
n
16.7
o
C

18.4
40.4
11.9
111.1
110.4
100
103.3
105.3
41.0
87.1
71.1
54.6
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012
Fixed >= 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps
Fixed between 3 Mbps/768 kbps & 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps
Fixed < 3 Mbps/768 kbps
Mobile >= 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps
Mobile between 3 Mbps/768 kbps & 6 Mbps/1.5 Mbps
Mobile < 3 Mbps/768 kbps
* Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals elsewhere in this report due to rounding.
Connections include both residential and business connections. In December 2012, total connections were reported as 32%
residential fixed connections, 3% business fixed connections, 50% mobile connections to non-business subscribers, and 15%
mobile connections to business subscribers.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 2

Figure 2

Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections

as of December 31, 2012






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 3

• The number of connections with downstream speeds of at least 10 Mbps increased by 35% over
December 2011, to 60 million connections.4

• Growth is particularly high in mobile Internet subscriptions. The number of mobile subscriptions
with speeds over 200 kbps in at least one direction grew to more than 169 million – up 19% from
December 2011. The number of fixed-location connections at speeds over 200 kbps in at least
one direction increased by 5% year-over-year to nearly 93 million.


Connection speeds in detail.
The Form 477 program categorizes reportable connections into 72 speed
tiers defined by eight ranges of downstream and nine ranges of upstream speed. In this overview
discussion, we organize the extensive information collected for December 2012 into three groups of
downstream speeds and three groups of upstream speeds. We do this separately for fixed-location
connections and for mobile connections. As in previous reports, we use the Form 477 speed tier
breakpoints of 3 Mbps and 6 Mbps to organize the information about downstream speeds, and we use the
Form 477 speed tier breakpoints of 768 kbps and 1.5 Mbps to organize the information about upstream
speeds.5


Fixed connections – downstream speeds.

Figure 3(a) illustrates how the nearly 93 million fixed
connections reported for December 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream speed
defined by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.

4 Compare Table 10 of this report with Table 10 of Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2011
(February 2013), availablhttp://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">e at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

5 Our narrative discussion of the speeds of fixed connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 2, at p. 19, and
our narrative discussion of the speeds of mobile connections is summarized more concisely in Chart 5, at p. 22.
The Commission benchmarked broadband as a transmission service that enables an end user actually to download
Internet content at 4 Mbps and to upload Internet content at 1 Mbps over the service provider’s network. That
benchmark does not exactly match any Form 477 speed tier, and the Commission decided to evaluate the evidence
of broadband availability using the Form 477-defined breakpoints of 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream to
proxy the speed benchmark of 4 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream. See Inquiry Concerning the Deployment
of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible
Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by
the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN Docket Nos. 09-137, 09-51, Report, 25 FCC Rcd 95560, 9563, 9568,
paras. 11, 20 (2010) (Sixth Broadband Deployment Report).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 4

Figure 3(a)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (92.6 million) by

Downstream Speed as of December 31, 2012

62.7%
20.9%
16.5%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps (19.3 million)
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps (15.2 million)
>= 6 Mbps (58.0 million)



• In December 2012, 21% of reportable fixed connections (or 19.3 million connections) were
slower than 3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 16% (or 15.2 million connections) were at least
3 Mbps in the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 63% (or 58.0 million
connections) were at least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.6


Fixed connections – upstream speeds.

Figure 3(b) illustrates how the nearly 93 million fixed
connections reported for December 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream speed
defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.



6 See Chart 2, at p. 19.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 5

Figure 3(b)

Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections (92.6 million) by

Upstream Speed as of December 31, 2012

45.0%
25.4%
29.6%
Upstream Speed
< 768 kbps (23.5 million)
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps (27.4 million)
>= 1.5 Mbps (41.7 million)



• In December 2012, 25% of reportable fixed connections (or 23.5 million connections) were
slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 30% (or 27.4 million connections) were at least
768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 45% (or 41.7 million
connections) were at least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.7





7 Ibid.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 6

Mobile connections – downstream speeds.

Figure 4(a) illustrates how the more than 169 million
mobile connections reported for December 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of downstream
speed
defined by breakpoints at 3 Mbps and at 6 Mbps.


Figure 4(a)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (169.2 million) by

Downstream Speed as of December 31, 2012

24.7%
15.8%
59.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps (100.5 million)
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps (26.8 million)
>= 6 Mbps (41.8 million)



• In December 2012, 59% of reportable mobile connections (or 100.6 million connections) were
slower than 3 Mbps in the downstream direction, 16% (or 26.8 million connections) were at least
3 Mbps in the downstream direction but slower than 6 Mbps, and 25% (or 41.8 million
connections) were at least 6 Mbps in the downstream direction.8


Mobile connections – upstream speeds.
Figure 4(b) illustrates how the more than 169 million
mobile connections reported for December 2012 were distributed across the three ranges of upstream
speed
defined by breakpoints at 768 kbps and at 1.5 Mbps.

8 See Chart 5, at p. 22.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 7

Figure 4(b)

Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections (169.2 million) by

Upstream Speed as of December 31, 2012

29.0%
41.2%
29.7%
Upstream Speed
< 768 kbps (69.8 million)
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps (50.3 million)
>= 1.5 Mbps (49.1 million)



• In December 2012, about 41% of reportable mobile connections (or 69.8 million connections)
were slower than 768 kbps in the upstream direction, 30% (or 50.3 million connections) were at
least 768 kbps in the upstream direction but slower than 1.5 Mbps, and 29% (or 49.1 million
connections) were at least 1.5 Mbps in the upstream direction.9






9 Ibid.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 8

Providers by census tract by connection speed.

In Figure 5(a), we estimate the percentages of
households located in census tracts where zero, one, two, or three or more providers reported residential
fixed-location connections of several different speeds in December 2012. In doing so, however, we
emphasize that a provider that reports residential fixed-location connections of a particular speed in a
particular census tract may not necessarily offer service at that speed everywhere in the census tract.
Accordingly, the number of providers shown in Figure 5(a) does not necessarily reflect the number of
choices available to a particular household, and does not purport to measure competition. We note that
the Commission has adopted changes to Form 477 that will enable a more precise analysis in future.10

Figure 5(a)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2012

100
76
70
34
33
90
80
s
70
l
d
o
h
37
37
e
s
u
o
60
f
H
o
e
g
t
a
n
50
e
r
c
e
P
d
t
e
a
40
t
i
m
s
E
30
27
27
28
24
20
10
0
At least 3 Mbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
At least 10 Mbps
downstream and over
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
0 Providers
1 Provider
2 Providers
3+ Providers
Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.


10 The Commission has decided to add deployment information to Form 477 starting with data as of June 30, 2014,
and the information about fixed broadband deployment will be reported by census block. (There are approximately
11 million census blocks and approximately 74,000 census tracts, although not all contain households.) See June
2013 Form 477 Modernization Order
, 28 FCC Rcd at 9902-05, paras. 32-35.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 9

In Figure 5(b), we estimate the percentages of households in census tracts where providers reported
purchased residential fixed-location connections of different speeds or reported operating a mobile
wireless network capable of sending or receiving data at the indicated speeds. Again, we emphasize that
such providers may not necessarily offer services at those speeds everywhere in the census tract, and that
these data do not necessarily reflect competition.


Figure 5(b)

Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers Report

Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network

Capable of Delivering Service of Various Speeds as of December 31, 2012

100
98
97
81
48
90
80
s
70
l
d
o
h
e
s
u
o
60
f
H
o
e
g
t
a
32
n
50
e
r
c
e
P
d
t
e
40
a
t
i
m
s
E
30
20
19
15
10
0
At least 3 Mbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
At least 10 Mbps
downstream and over
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
0 Providers
1 Provider
2 Providers
3+ Providers
Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding.





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 10

Internet access adoption.

The Commission has systematically collected, compiled, and published data
about the adoption of fixed-location Internet access connections faster than 200 kbps in at least one
direction for more than a decade. Figure 6 illustrates the adoption of fixed-location Internet access
connections (that is, all reportable connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction except mobile
wireless connections) since 1999.11


Figure 6

Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
100,000
100
90,000
90
80,000
80
70,000
70

t
s

ni
nds
a

60,000
60
U
0
0

us
ho

r

1

50,000
50

pe


i
n T

ns
40,000
40
ns
c
t
i
o

c
t
i
o

30,000
30
nne
o

nne
o

C

20,000
20

C

10,000
10
0
0
Residential Fixed Connections (left axis)
Total Fixed Connections (left axis)
Residential Fixed Connections per 100 Households (right axis)
Total Fixed Connections per 100 Population (right axis)


• Between December 2002 and December 2012, total (business and residential) reportable fixed-
location connections grew from 19 million connections to 93 million connections – at a
compound annual growth rate of 17% per year.12

• Over the same ten-year period, residential fixed-location connections grew from 17 million
connections to 84 million connections – also at a compound annual growth rate of 17% per year.

11 For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 connections in a state were required to
report. Historical fixed-location connection counts not included in this report may be found in June 2008 High-
Speed Report
at Tables 1 and 3, available in Excel format athttp://transition.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
12 The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a smoothed rate of growth calculated in three steps. First, divide
the ending (December 2012) value by the beginning (December 2002) value. Second, raise the result of that
division to a power equal to one divided by the number of years in the period (in this case, 10 years, so the power is
1/10). Third, subtract the number one from the result of the second step.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 11


• As we reported previously, between June 2002 and June 2012, household adoption – which we
track in Figure 6 by comparing the number of residential fixed-location connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction to the number of households – increased from 13 connections per
100 households to 67 connections per 100 households.13

Other report highlights.


Residential subscribership


• Residential fixed-location Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction
increased by 5% between December 2011 and December 2012, to 84 million. See Table 3.

• Reported residential mobile wireless service subscribers with mobile devices and data plans for
full Internet access increased by 24%, to 131 million, between December 2011 and December
2012. See Table 3.

• The reported data show a 18% annual increase in the number of residential fixed-location
connections that are at least 6 Mbps downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 32.3 million to
38.1 million) and a 20% annual increase in the number of connections that are at least 10 Mbps
downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream (from 31.6 million to 38.0 million). See Chart 12.

Household adoption of faster speeds


• As a national average in December 2012, there were 50 residential fixed-location connections per
100 households for connections with speeds that were reported to be at least 3 Mbps downstream
and 768 kbps upstream.14 See Table 13.

13 See Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2012 (May 2013) at p. 12, available at
http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. We calculated residential fixed connections per 100 households using, in the
denominator, U.S. household estimates from the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS) for July of each
year and, for Puerto Rico and the other inhabited island areas, Census 2010 households for 2010 and later years and
Census 2000 households for the earlier years. (The CPS also estimates U.S. households for March and November of
each year.) Ratios calculated for different dates or by using alternative household estimates will differ somewhat
from the ratios reported in Figure 6.
We also show total (including business as well as residential) fixed-location connections per 100 population in
Figure 6, which we calculated using U.S. Census Bureau population estimates for the United States and Puerto Rico
– which are as of July 1 each year – and, for the remaining inhabited island areas, Census 2010 population for 2010
and later years and Census 2000 population for the earlier years. This statistic, which is routinely reported by the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), incorporates connections to business locations
into a comparison to persons. A more accurately measured indicator of this type would include only connections to
residential locations, but OECD does not have comprehensive, consistent information about residential connections
in the member countries. (We note that the ratio of accurately measured residential fixed-location connections to
population has a maximum value for any given country and point in time – the value when every household is
connected – if we assume that no household would have more than one fixed connection to its premises. For the
United States in June 2012, for example, the maximum value would be 39 because there were about 123 million
households in the United States and inhabited insular areas and a population of about 318 million according to the
sources used for Figure 6.)
14 Increases over time in the ratio of residential fixed-location connections to households indicate that increasing
shares of households are connected at home. The ratio is somewhat different from the “take rate” of offered service
(which may also be called an “adoption rate”) because, as discussed in connection with Figure 5(a), some
households may be located in areas where no fixed-location service is offered. These methodological differences

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 12


Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections

• We estimate the share of households with fixed-location Internet access connections over 200
kbps in at least one direction in individual census tracts and counties as of December 31, 2012.
We continue to observe substantial variation among these estimates. See Charts 15 and 16.

• For both census tracts and counties, we continue to find estimates above 100% for the share of
households with reportable fixed-location Internet access connections. While this is likely to
occur more frequently in areas where the number of housing units is substantially greater than the
number of households, such as resort areas and beach communities, these results suggest that
some filers are not accurately assigning customer connections to census tracts, and anecdotal
evidence supports that conclusion.15

Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics


• The report includes charts that illustrate correlations between household subscribership, or
adoption, rates and demographic measures. We update charts based on income, household
density, education, age, and race. The data indicate that some demographic variables are
correlated with the adoption of Internet access service. See Charts 17-29.

Maps of providers by census tract

• Maps depict the number of providers of reportable connections by census tract: (1) providers of
total (combined residential and business) reportable fixed-location connections, (2) providers of
residential reportable fixed-location connections, (3) providers of residential fixed-location
connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, and (4) providers making
reportable mobile wireless service available.16

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables, charts, and maps that highlight
different aspects of Internet access service subscriptions. This information is organized into four sections,
as described below. As always, publicly accessible data that are too voluminous to include in this report
are available online at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation. Tables 1-12 and Charts 1-14 focus in order on:
number of connections, speed of connections, technology of connections, and number of
providers.


are discussed in greater detail in Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability
to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant
to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Amended by the Broadband Data Improvement Act
, GN
Docket No.11-121, Eighth Broadband Progress Report, 27 FCC Rcd 10342, 10386, para. 94 (2012).
15 For example, while contacting Form 477 filers with questions about reported data, FCC staff continue to find
situations in which all connections reported for a county have been assigned to a single, anomalous census tract.
16 As discussed in the Technical Notes, a mobile wireless provider should only report service availability in census
tracts where the provider operates a network capable of sending or receiving data at speeds above 200 kbps.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 13

• Detailed Summary Statistics: The States. Tables 13-21 present comparable information for the
individual states and our estimates of the shares of households that are connected at different
speeds.

• Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts. Charts 15-16 and Tables 22-26
present information about differences among counties and census tracts. This section concludes
with two maps that illustrate differences among census tracts in the estimated share of connected
households and the four maps (discussed above) that illustrate providers by census tract.

• Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures. Charts 17-29 present details of the
correlations observed between the estimated share of connected households and demographic
measures.
* * * *

We invite users of this information to suggest improvements in the data analysis by using the attached
customer response form or sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov for subject: December 2012
Internet services data, and to participate in proceedings the Commission undertakes to improve the data
collection.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 14

Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation


Contents of this section

Number of connections


Table 1
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 .................................... 17
Table 2
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012 .............. 17
Table 3
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012 ................. 17
Table 4
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps

Upstream 2008-2012 ......................................................................................................... 17

Speed of connections


Chart 1
Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction as of

December 31, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 18
Chart 2
Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 19
Chart 3
Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 20
Chart 4
Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................... 21
Chart 5
Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................... 22

Technology of connections

Table 5
Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 ........... 23
Chart 6
Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012 ..................................................... 23

Table 6
Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology

2008-2012 .......................................................................................................................... 24
Chart 7
Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012 .................................. 24

Connections by speed and technology


Table 7
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2012 ................................................................................................. 25
Chart 8
Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2012 .......................................................................... 25
Table 8
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology 2008-2012 ................................................................................................. 26
Chart 9
Residential Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2012 .......................................................................... 26
Chart 10
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Shares of selected technologies) ...................................................................................... 27
Chart 11
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Net adds for selected technologies) .................................................................................. 27
Chart 12
Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds) ....................................................... 28
Table 9
Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 29
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 15

Chart 13
Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 29
Table 10
Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2012 ...... 30
Table 11
Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 31

Number of providers


Table 12
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012 ....................................................... 32
Chart 14
Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps

in at Least One Direction, Selected Technologies 2008-2012 .......................................... 32


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 16

1

Table 1

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
102,239
119,433
136,294
157,017
182,065
206,131
230,394
243,397
261,731
Total Fixed
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,575
88,327
89,966
92,566
Mobile Wireless1
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556
142,066
153,432
169,165




Table 2

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,552
55,110
64,819
82,019
100,277
128,472
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,364
44,694
48,577
51,101
57,252
64,596
Mobile Wireless1
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
16,242
30,918
43,025
63,876




Table 3

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
88,190
103,300
117,089
132,567
149,441
171,773
186,709
196,702
215,441
Total Fixed
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,906
80,716
82,236
84,421
Mobile Wireless1
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867
105,993
114,466
131,019




Table 4

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,243
47,632
51,783
63,740
78,618
105,192
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,037
41,769
45,263
47,432
53,078
59,849
Mobile Wireless1
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
6,520
16,309
25,539
45,342



Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 17

2

Chart 1

Distribution of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
9.8%
< 768 kbps
0.7%
>= 1.5 Mbps
27.6%
< 768 kbps
30.5%
< 768 kbps
4.5%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
5.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
5.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
1.2%
14.1%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 45.8%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 16.1%
>= 6 Mbps; 38.1%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
79,854
11,662
1,729
93,245
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
36,807
15,109
25,759
77,674
At least 1.5 Mbps
3,207
15,281
72,324
90,812
Total
119,868
42,052
99,812
261,731

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
30.5
4.5
0.7
35.6
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
14.1
5.8
9.8
29.7
At least 1.5 Mbps
1.2
5.8
27.6
34.7
Total
45.8
16.1
38.1
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 18

3

Chart 2

Distribution of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012
< 768 kbps
1.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
16.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
< 768 kbps
4.2%
16.0%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
8.5%
< 768 kbps
7.6%
>= 1.5 Mbps
44.0%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.4%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 20.9%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 16.5%
>= 6 Mbps; 62.7%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
14,830
6,990
1,663
23,483
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
3,904
7,850
15,652
27,407
At least 1.5 Mbps
583
406
40,688
41,677
Total
19,318
15,246
58,002
92,566

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
16.0
7.6
1.8
25.4
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
4.2
8.5
16.9
29.6
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.6
0.4
44.0
45.0
Total
20.9
16.5
62.7
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 19

4

Chart 3

Distribution of Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
7.6%
< 768 kbps
0.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
30.3%
< 768 kbps
31.2%
< 768 kbps
4.6%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
4.8%
>= 1.5 Mbps
6.1%
>= 1.5 Mbps
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
1.2%
13.3%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 45.8%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 15.5%
>= 6 Mbps; 38.7%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
67,248
10,006
1,650
78,905
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
28,652
10,249
16,421
55,322
At least 1.5 Mbps
2,692
13,168
65,354
81,214
Total
98,592
33,423
83,425
215,441

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
31.2
4.6
0.8
36.6
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
13.3
4.8
7.6
25.7
At least 1.5 Mbps
1.2
6.1
30.3
37.7
Total
45.8
15.5
38.7
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 20

5

Chart 4

Distribution of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012
< 768 kbps
1.9%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
4.2%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.1%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
< 768 kbps
17.2%
15.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
8.4%
< 768 kbps
7.1%
>= 1.5 Mbps
0.3%
>= 1.5 Mbps
45.1%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 20.1%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 15.7%
>= 6 Mbps; 64.1%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
13,341
5,982
1,591
20,914
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
3,564
7,058
14,490
25,113
At least 1.5 Mbps
93
232
38,068
38,394
Total
16,999
13,273
54,149
84,421

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
15.8
7.1
1.9
24.8
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
4.2
8.4
17.2
29.7
At least 1.5 Mbps
0.1
0.3
45.1
45.5
Total
20.1
15.7
64.1
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 21

6

Chart 5

Distribution of Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

as of December 31, 2012
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
6.0%
< 768 kbps
38.4%
>= 1.5 Mbps
18.7%
>= 1.5 Mbps
8.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
< 768 kbps
19.4%
2.8%
>= 768 kbps & < 1.5 Mbps
4.3%
>= 1.5 Mbps
1.6%
Downstream Speed
< 3 Mbps; 59.4%
>= 3 Mbps & < 6 Mbps; 15.8%
>= 6 Mbps; 24.7%
Note: Inner circle (light shading) represents upstream speeds.


Mobile Wireless Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction (in thousands)


Downstream Speed

At least 3 Mbps
Less than 3
and less than 6
Upstream Speed
Mbps
Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
Total
Less than 768 kbps
65,024
4,672
67
69,762
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
32,902
7,258
10,107
50,267
At least 1.5 Mbps
2,624
14,875
31,636
49,135
Total
100,550
26,805
41,810
169,165

Percentages

Less than 768 kbps
38.4
2.8
0.0
41.2
At least 768 kbps & Less than 1.5 Mbps
19.4
4.3
6.0
29.7
At least 1.5 Mbps
1.6
8.8
18.7
29.0
Total
59.4
15.8
24.7
100.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 22

7

Table 5

Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
102,239
119,433
136,294
157,017
182,065
206,131
230,394
243,397
261,731
Total Fixed
75,707
77,997
79,994
81,764
84,521
86,575
88,327
89,966
92,566
aDSL
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,611
31,341
31,194
31,010
sDSL
241
217
225
191
167
159
148
139
132
Other Wireline1
709
689
719
755
795
778
795
770
822
Cable Modem
40,251
41,434
42,439
43,923
45,334
46,698
48,263
49,663
51,649
FTTP2
2,884
3,548
3,980
4,441
4,993
5,477
5,898
6,300
6,728
Satellite
938
990
1,116
1,144
1,176
1,204
1,190
1,217
1,454
Fixed Wireless
485
488
527
551
587
649
693
682
771
Mobile Wireless
26,532
41,436
56,300
75,253
97,544
119,556
142,066
153,432
169,165

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 6

Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012

Cable Modem
19.7%
FTTP
2.6%
aDSL
11.8%
All Other
1.2%
Mobile Wireless
64.6%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 23

8

Table 6

Residential Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
88,190
103,300
117,089
132,567
149,441
171,773
186,709
196,702
215,441
Total Fixed
69,047
71,509
73,394
75,251
76,918
78,906
80,716
82,236
84,421
aDSL
26,488
27,047
27,402
27,488
27,467
27,754
27,767
27,652
27,426
sDSL
74
71
85
65
53
52
54
49
50
Other Wireline1
47
49
56
61
76
45
40
14
35
Cable Modem
38,681
39,909
40,872
42,178
43,295
44,480
45,832
47,033
48,719
FTTP2
2,717
3,348
3,758
4,185
4,704
5,118
5,521
5,892
6,265
Satellite
630
668
767
787
811
885
886
998
1,242
Fixed Wireless
410
417
454
486
513
572
616
599
683
Mobile Wireless
19,142
31,791
43,695
57,316
72,523
92,867
105,993
114,466
131,019

1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 7

Residential Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012

Cable Modem
22.6%
FTTP
2.9%
aDSL
12.7%
All Other
0.9%
Mobile Wireless
60.8%




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 24

9

Table 7

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
31,120
33,332
40,669
45,552
55,110
64,819
82,019
100,277
128,472
Total Fixed
30,987
33,108
38,963
41,364
44,694
48,577
51,101
57,252
64,596
aDSL
5,403
5,614
6,389
6,275
7,302
8,909
10,355
12,884
13,049
sDSL
5
9
19
13
14
16
26
30
33
Other Wireline1
122
129
150
177
211
204
228
239
279
Cable Modem
22,708
23,958
28,583
30,616
32,338
34,113
34,699
37,798
44,134
FTTP2
2,694
3,333
3,739
4,192
4,725
5,188
5,606
6,001
6,425
Satellite
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
87
394
Fixed Wireless
54
64
82
92
105
145
186
214
282
Mobile Wireless
133
224
1,706
4,188
10,416
16,242
30,918
43,025
63,876

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 8

Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2012
Cable Modem
FTTP
34.4%
5.0%
aDSL
10.2%
All Other
0.8%
Mobile Wireless
49.7%



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 25

10

Table 8

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream by Technology 2008-2012

(In thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Total
29,127
31,356
38,426
42,243
47,632
51,783
63,740
78,618
105,192
Total Fixed
29,013
31,161
36,844
39,037
41,769
45,263
47,432
53,078
59,849
aDSL
4,613
4,895
5,633
5,557
6,421
7,909
9,278
11,572
11,609
sDSL
1
2
10
2
2
4
12
12
13
Other Wireline1
11
12
19
20
36
15
16
7
21
Cable Modem
21,776
23,025
27,548
29,398
30,742
32,321
32,693
35,583
41,563
FTTP2
2,571
3,177
3,566
3,982
4,482
4,894
5,271
5,632
6,008
Satellite
0
0
0
0
0
0
#
86
393
Fixed Wireless
42
50
68
77
86
121
161
185
243
Mobile Wireless
114
196
1,582
3,206
5,863
6,520
16,309
25,539
45,342

# = Rounds to Zero.
1 Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality. See Technical Notes at the end of the report for a description of
Form 477 technology categories and other reporting requirements.
2 Fiber to the premises.

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.







Chart 9

Residential Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Technology as of December 31, 2012
Cable Modem
FTTP
39.5%
5.7%
aDSL
11.0%
All Other
0.6%
Mobile Wireless
43.1%



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 26

11

Chart 10

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Shares of selected technologies)
100
39.9
38.4
37.8
37.3
36.5
35.7
35.2
34.4
33.6
32.5
90
t
i
ons

80
c
nne
o

70
7.4
d C
6.8
7.2
6.1
6.5
e
5.6
3.9
4.7
5.1
i
x

60
3.2
l
F

57.7
57.2
a
56.0
55.8
55.7
56.0
56.3
56.4
56.8
54.6
nti
e

50
i
d
s
e
R

40
of
ge
ta

30
n
e
r
c
e

20

P

10
0
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
All Other Fixed





Chart 11

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction 2008-2012

(Net adds for selected technologies)
3000
2537
2887
2422
2191
ds
n
a
2000
hous
n T
914
945
i 1000
818
s
744
1041
on
ti

300
c
65
ne
0
on
-341

C

-1000
Dec 2008 to
Dec 2009 to
Dec 2010 to
Dec 2011 to
Dec 2009
Dec 2010
Dec 2011
Dec 2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 27

12

Chart 12

Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012

(Shares of selected technologies for selected speeds, connections in thousands)
Connections
84,421
81,710
67,421
59,849
38,068
37,953
100
2.4
7.7
9.0
10.0
14.8
14.8
7.4
90
57.7
59.3
65.5
69.4
83.6
83.8
80
ds
70
ol
h
e
s
ou

60
H
of
ge
t
a
n

50
e
r
c
e

P
d

40
t
e
a

t
i
m

32.5
s
31.5

E

30
24.4
20
19.4
10
0
Ov er 200 kbps in at
At least 768 kbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 3 Mbps
At least 6 Mbps
At least 10 Mbps
least one direction
downstream and ov er
downstream and ov er
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
downstream and at least
200 kbps upstream
200 kbps upstream
768 kbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
1.5 Mbps upstream
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Al Other Fixed






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 28

13

Table 9

Residential Connections by Technology and Speed (BTOP/BIP Definition)

as of December 31, 2012
(In thousands)

At Most
Over
200 kbps
200 kbps
Upstream or
Upstream and
less than
at least
768 kbps
768 kbps
Technology
Downstream
Downstream
Total
aDSL
1,714
25,712
27,426
sDSL
10
40
50
Other Wireline
3
33
35
Cable Modem
281
48,438
48,719
FTTP
12
6,253
6,265
Satellite
602
640
1,242
Fixed Wireless
88
595
683
Mobile Wireless
35,160
95,859
131,019
Total
37,871
177,570
215,441

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.





Chart 13

Residential Connections (BTOP/BIP Definition) by Technology

as of December 31, 2012
Cable Modem
27.3%
FTTP
3.5%
aDSL
14.5%
All Other
0.7%
Mobile Wireless
54.0%
Note: The BTOP/BIP def inition is adv ertised speeds of at least 768 kbps downstream and 200 kbps upstream to end users.
Source: FCC Form 477, Parts I and VI.






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 29

14

Table 10

Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2012

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater than
200
At least 768
At least 1.5
At least 3
At least 6
At least 10
At least 25
kbps and less
kbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
than
and less than
and less than
and less than
and less than and less than
and less than
At least 100
Technology
768 kbps
1.5 Mbps
3 Mbps
6 Mbps
10 Mbps
25 Mbps
100 Mbps
Mbps
Total
aDSL
1,497
3,936
6,856
10,222
5,074
3,290
134
#
31,010
sDSL
30
45
24
*
*
*
3
#
132
Other Wireline
44
71
428
113
28
59
45
33
822
Cable Modem
141
1,009
3,513
4,374
1,520
31,079
9,930
86
51,649
FTTP
14
83
116
248
172
4,262
1,751
80
6,728
Satellite
282
474
295
*
*
*
0
0
1,454
Fixed Wireless
80
173
205
214
59
36
2
1
771
Mobile Wireless
41,667
10,232
48,651
26,805
33,159
97
8,554
0
169,165
Total
43,756
16,024
60,089
42,052
40,016
39,177
20,418
201
261,731

Percentages

aDSL
0.6
1.5
2.6
3.9
1.9
1.3
0.1
0.0
11.8
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.1
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Cable Modem
0.1
0.4
1.3
1.7
0.6
11.9
3.8
0.0
19.7
FTTP
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.6
0.7
0.0
2.6
Satellite
0.1
0.2
0.1
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.6
Fixed Wireless
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Mobile Wireless
15.9
3.9
18.6
10.2
12.7
0.0
3.3
0.0
64.6
Total
16.7
6.1
23.0
16.1
15.3
15.0
7.8
0.1
100.0



# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.


* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.


Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 30

15

Table 11

Residential Connections by Downstream Speed Tier and Technology as of December 31, 2012

(In thousands)


Downstream Speed

Greater than
200
At least 768
At least 1.5
At least 3
At least 6
At least 10
At least 25
kbps and less
kbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
Mbps
than
and less than
and less than
and less than
and less than and less than
and less than
At least 100
Technology
768 kbps
1.5 Mbps
3 Mbps
6 Mbps
10 Mbps
25 Mbps
100 Mbps
Mbps
Total
aDSL
1,389
3,577
6,006
8,753
4,536
3,040
125
#
27,426
sDSL
10
24
3
*
*
*
2
0
50
Other Wireline
3
6
6
5
3
11
1
1
35
Cable Modem
127
982
3,434
4,054
1,180
29,434
9,444
63
48,719
FTTP
12
74
88
216
159
4,036
1,648
32
6,265
Satellite
151
437
258
*
*
*
0
0
1,242
Fixed Wireless
74
157
182
188
51
30
1
1
683
Mobile Wireless
33,441
9,197
38,955
20,150
21,184
85
8,007
0
131,019
Total
35,206
14,454
48,932
33,423
27,114
36,986
19,228
97
215,441

Percentages

aDSL
0.6
1.7
2.8
4.1
2.1
1.4
0.1
0.0
12.7
sDSL
0.0
0.0
0.0
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
0.1
0.5
1.6
1.9
0.5
13.7
4.4
0.0
22.6
FTTP
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.9
0.8
0.0
2.9
Satellite
0.1
0.2
0.1
*
*
*
0.0
0.0
0.6
Fixed Wireless
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
Mobile Wireless
15.5
4.3
18.1
9.4
9.8
0.0
3.7
0.0
60.8
Total
16.3
6.7
22.7
15.5
12.6
17.2
8.9
0.0
100.0



# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are combined with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.


* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.


Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 31

16

Table 12

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Technology 2008-2012


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Technology
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
aDSL
881
876
862
875
865
867
868
861
865
sDSL
264
257
261
251
247
252
255
250
254
Other Wireline
292
283
274
267
270
265
275
258
261
Cable Modem
342
351
345
345
357
400
405
400
404
FTTP
432
462
485
510
545
579
621
642
665
Satellite
5
4
4
4
4
5
6
5
6
Fixed Wireless
620
621
607
625
646
672
712
710
757
Mobile Wireless
47
48
51
55
57
64
69
67
69
Power Line and Other
5
6
6
5
7
4
5
*
*
Total
1,562
1,551
1,526
1,536
1,566
1,624
1,686
1,669
1,712

Note: Some historical data have been revised. Multiple Form 477 filers within a holding company structure count as one provider. * = 1-3 providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.





Chart 14

Nationwide Number of Providers of Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

Selected Technologies 2008-2012

900
800
700
r
s
600
i
de

r
ov
500
P
r
of

400
be
m
u
N
300
200
100
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Mobile Wireless






U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 32

Detailed Summary Statistics: The States


Contents of this section

Residential subscribership rates


Table 13
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream / 768 kbps Upstream

and Households by State as of December 31, 2012 .......................................................... 34
Table 14
Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 35

End users of connections


Table 15
Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 36

Connections by speed and technology


Table 16
Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 37
Table 17
Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) ................................. 39
Table 18
Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 41

Connections for selected technologies


Table 19
ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 43
Table 20
Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 45

Number of providers


Table 21
Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)....................................................... 47



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 33

17

Table 13

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream / 768 kbps Upstream

and Households by State as of December 31, 2012
(Connections and households, in thousands)
Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
637
1,907
0.33
Alaska
99
266
0.37
American Samoa
0
11
0.00
Arizona
1,377
2,457
0.56
Arkansas
331
1,165
0.28
California
6,054
12,812
0.47
Colorado
1,289
2,029
0.64
Connecticut
841
1,381
0.61
Delaware
245
351
0.70
District of Columbia
186
274
0.68
Florida
4,237
7,631
0.56
Georgia
1,655
3,688
0.45
Guam
*
51
*
Hawaii
*
465
*
Idaho
186
596
0.31
Illinois
2,206
4,863
0.45
Indiana
1,012
2,529
0.40
Iowa
326
1,231
0.26
Kansas
488
1,124
0.43
Kentucky
762
1,742
0.44
Louisiana
580
1,742
0.33
Maine
353
559
0.63
Maryland
1,541
2,194
0.70
Massachusetts
1,971
2,567
0.77
Michigan
1,851
3,861
0.48
Minnesota
1,034
2,115
0.49
Mississippi
265
1,123
0.24
Missouri
898
2,400
0.37
Montana
173
417
0.41
Nebraska
336
730
0.46
Nevada
530
1,045
0.51
New Hampshire
380
523
0.73
New Jersey
2,463
3,238
0.76
New Mexico
324
809
0.40
New York
4,494
7,350
0.61
North Carolina
2,024
3,855
0.52
North Dakota
132
286
0.46
Northern Mariana Isl
*
21
*
Ohio
2,323
4,609
0.50
Oklahoma
464
1,486
0.31
Oregon
862
1,551
0.56
Pennsylvania
3,002
5,046
0.59
Puerto Rico
*
1,230
*
Rhode Island
297
413
0.72
South Carolina
876
1,848
0.47
South Dakota
170
328
0.52
Tennessee
1,058
2,542
0.42
Texas
3,338
9,241
0.36
Utah
538
909
0.59
Vermont
167
257
0.65
Virgin Islands
5
56
0.08
Virginia
1,938
3,124
0.62
Washington
1,596
2,691
0.59
West Virginia
262
766
0.34
Wisconsin
1,074
2,302
0.47
Wyoming
109
232
0.47
Total
59,849
120,039
0.50

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 34

27

Table 14

Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction and households, in thousands)

Subscribership
State
Connections
Households
Ratio
Alabama
1,112
1,907
0.58
Alaska
181
266
0.68
American Samoa
*
11
*
Arizona
1,775
2,457
0.72
Arkansas
635
1,165
0.55
California
9,778
12,812
0.76
Colorado
1,557
2,029
0.77
Connecticut
1,085
1,381
0.79
Delaware
273
351
0.78
District of Columbia
203
274
0.74
Florida
5,768
7,631
0.76
Georgia
2,430
3,688
0.66
Guam
*
51
*
Hawaii
378
465
0.81
Idaho
382
596
0.64
Illinois
3,366
4,863
0.69
Indiana
1,637
2,529
0.65
Iowa
827
1,231
0.67
Kansas
775
1,124
0.69
Kentucky
1,113
1,742
0.64
Louisiana
1,065
1,742
0.61
Maine
414
559
0.74
Maryland
1,660
2,194
0.76
Massachusetts
2,086
2,567
0.81
Michigan
2,574
3,861
0.67
Minnesota
1,483
2,115
0.70
Mississippi
562
1,123
0.50
Missouri
1,519
2,400
0.63
Montana
278
417
0.67
Nebraska
503
730
0.69
Nevada
704
1,045
0.67
New Hampshire
425
523
0.81
New Jersey
2,623
3,238
0.81
New Mexico
483
809
0.60
New York
5,753
7,350
0.78
North Carolina
2,755
3,855
0.71
North Dakota
206
286
0.72
Northern Mariana Isl
*
21
*
Ohio
3,238
4,609
0.70
Oklahoma
877
1,486
0.59
Oregon
1,095
1,551
0.71
Pennsylvania
3,667
5,046
0.73
Puerto Rico
540
1,230
0.44
Rhode Island
311
413
0.75
South Carolina
1,218
1,848
0.66
South Dakota
225
328
0.69
Tennessee
1,500
2,542
0.59
Texas
6,058
9,241
0.66
Utah
676
909
0.74
Vermont
201
257
0.78
Virgin Islands
23
56
0.40
Virginia
2,219
3,124
0.71
Washington
1,963
2,691
0.73
West Virginia
470
766
0.61
Wisconsin
1,576
2,302
0.68
Wyoming
157
232
0.68
Total
84,421
120,039
0.70

# = Rounds to Zero; * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia);
Census 2010 (Housing Units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 35

28

Table 15

Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


Connections
Percentages

State
Residential
Business
Residential
Business
Total
Alabama
2,983
421
87.6
12.4
3,404
Alaska
531
91
85.4
14.6
622
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
4,272
715
85.7
14.3
4,987
Arkansas
1,846
272
87.1
12.9
2,118
California
26,841
5,904
82.0
18.0
32,745
Colorado
3,825
838
82.0
18.0
4,664
Connecticut
2,668
567
82.5
17.5
3,235
Delaware
662
130
83.6
16.4
792
District of Columbia
611
619
49.7
50.3
1,230
Florida
13,979
3,109
81.8
18.2
17,088
Georgia
6,691
1,438
82.3
17.7
8,129
Guam
62
19
76.2
23.8
82
Hawaii
1,043
174
85.7
14.3
1,217
Idaho
980
195
83.4
16.6
1,176
Illinois
8,759
2,032
81.2
18.8
10,792
Indiana
4,048
664
85.9
14.1
4,712
Iowa
1,768
318
84.8
15.2
2,086
Kansas
1,811
579
75.8
24.2
2,390
Kentucky
2,743
499
84.6
15.4
3,241
Louisiana
3,175
512
86.1
13.9
3,687
Maine
798
121
86.9
13.1
918
Maryland
4,327
872
83.2
16.8
5,199
Massachusetts
4,923
1,036
82.6
17.4
5,959
Michigan
6,139
1,713
78.2
21.8
7,852
Minnesota
3,499
900
79.5
20.5
4,400
Mississippi
1,819
240
88.3
11.7
2,059
Missouri
3,759
934
80.1
19.9
4,692
Montana
655
93
87.6
12.4
748
Nebraska
1,142
259
81.5
18.5
1,401
Nevada
1,986
377
84.0
16.0
2,363
New Hampshire
914
154
85.5
14.5
1,068
New Jersey
6,805
1,433
82.6
17.4
8,238
New Mexico
1,237
195
86.4
13.6
1,432
New York
14,370
3,064
82.4
17.6
17,434
North Carolina
6,200
1,350
82.1
17.9
7,550
North Dakota
501
91
84.6
15.4
592
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
7,672
1,660
82.2
17.8
9,332
Oklahoma
2,434
400
85.9
14.1
2,834
Oregon
2,678
534
83.4
16.6
3,211
Pennsylvania
8,685
1,613
84.3
15.7
10,298
Puerto Rico
1,906
209
90.1
9.9
2,114
Rhode Island
723
146
83.2
16.8
870
South Carolina
2,833
451
86.3
13.7
3,284
South Dakota
535
73
88.0
12.0
608
Tennessee
4,084
844
82.9
17.1
4,929
Texas
18,183
4,511
80.1
19.9
22,694
Utah
1,740
420
80.6
19.4
2,160
Vermont
404
75
84.4
15.6
479
Virgin Islands
78
9
89.5
10.5
87
Virginia
5,589
1,302
81.1
18.9
6,890
Washington
4,815
1,170
80.5
19.5
5,984
West Virginia
1,011
146
87.4
12.6
1,157
Wisconsin
3,301
739
81.7
18.3
4,040
Wyoming
388
59
86.9
13.1
447
Total
215,441
46,290
82.3
17.7
261,731

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I and VI.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 36

29

Table 16

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Alabama
546
5
*
615
9
*
5
2,171
3,404
Alaska
79
2
0
*
1
*
5
398
622
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
*
Arizona
625
#
*
1,210
5
*
31
3,076
4,987
Arkansas
345
#
*
313
8
*
4
1,416
2,118
California
4,285
12
*
5,414
744
*
41
22,020
32,745
Colorado
*
1
0
899
7
*
48
2,959
4,664
Connecticut
*
1
0
761
5
*
0
2,046
3,235
Delaware
*
#
0
174
*
*
0
497
792
District of Columbia
*
2
0
*
18
*
*
997
1,230
Florida
1,977
1
*
3,803
425
*
6
10,769
17,088
Georgia
1,300
2
*
1,291
34
*
1
5,429
8,129
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
82
Hawaii
*
*
0
*
4
*
*
808
1,217
Idaho
208
#
*
161
4
*
30
757
1,176
Illinois
1,504
6
*
2,020
19
*
53
7,105
10,792
Indiana
754
2
*
868
75
*
32
2,936
4,712
Iowa
396
2
*
407
48
*
27
1,180
2,086
Kansas
278
1
*
468
53
*
28
1,538
2,390
Kentucky
507
3
*
637
20
*
11
2,024
3,241
Louisiana
446
2
*
644
43
*
5
2,499
3,687
Maine
140
4
0
297
5
*
*
460
918
Maryland
*
2
0
873
*
*
1
3,404
5,199
Massachusetts
*
2
0
1,503
*
*
2
3,687
5,959
Michigan
907
6
*
1,756
11
*
35
5,046
7,852
Minnesota
633
16
*
874
42
*
20
2,777
4,400
Mississippi
313
#
*
273
2
*
1
1,427
2,059
Missouri
863
1
*
688
17
*
24
3,025
4,692
Montana
122
1
0
150
8
*
16
*
748
Nebraska
176
#
*
338
12
*
16
847
1,401





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 37

30

Table 16 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Nevada
255
#
0
*
4
*
4
1,594
2,363
New Hampshire
91
1
*
358
14
*
#
596
1,068
New Jersey
346
1
0
1,847
*
*
#
5,335
8,238
New Mexico
291
#
*
203
4
*
17
899
1,432
New York
777
7
0
4,459
*
*
2
11,084
17,434
North Carolina
1,063
1
*
1,851
34
*
2
4,545
7,550
North Dakota
73
2
*
116
34
*
6
356
592
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
*
Ohio
1,178
4
*
2,171
54
*
31
5,834
9,332
Oklahoma
393
#
*
502
15
*
15
1,861
2,834
Oregon
373
3
*
711
67
*
16
2,014
3,211
Pennsylvania
1,017
4
0
2,286
*
*
4
6,314
10,298
Puerto Rico
*
0
0
*
*
*
*
1,528
2,114
Rhode Island
*
#
0
*
*
*
*
530
870
South Carolina
477
5
*
780
38
*
1
1,950
3,284
South Dakota
65
*
0
143
22
*
12
*
608
Tennessee
607
1
*
911
80
*
5
3,264
4,929
Texas
2,983
5
*
2,888
457
*
86
16,022
22,694
Utah
317
#
*
339
23
*
45
1,422
2,160
Vermont
98
#
*
113
6
*
1
250
479
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
*
0
*
*
62
87
Virginia
453
1
0
1,238
*
*
4
4,477
6,890
Washington
598
2
*
1,400
68
*
15
3,850
5,984
West Virginia
*
*
0
306
2
*
2
644
1,157
Wisconsin
651
18
*
948
24
*
33
2,325
4,040
Wyoming
63
#
*
92
2
*
11
268
447
Total
31,010
132
822
51,649
6,728
1,454
771
169,165
261,731

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 38

31

Table 17

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Alabama
162
#
3
501
7
*
1
*
1,196
Alaska
35
*
1
*
1
*
*
*
158
American Samoa
0
*
0
0
*
0
0
0
*
Arizona
*
*
6
1,045
4
*
7
*
2,294
Arkansas
119
*
2
223
5
*
1
*
507
California
1,736
2
*
3,937
724
*
20
6,079
12,562
Colorado
*
#
9
892
4
*
32
942
2,327
Connecticut
*
*
2
751
4
*
0
*
1,437
Delaware
*
0
1
*
*
*
0
155
419
District of Columbia
*
*
3
*
*
*
*
580
790
Florida
846
#
*
3,248
414
*
3
5,850
10,400
Georgia
503
#
*
1,215
27
*
#
2,783
4,548
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
24
Hawaii
*
*
#
*
3
*
*
*
654
Idaho
114
*
1
79
2
*
11
*
473
Illinois
476
3
*
1,858
16
*
11
3,964
6,351
Indiana
229
#
*
778
68
*
8
767
1,866
Iowa
185
1
1
129
34
*
11
*
728
Kansas
93
#
*
382
34
*
3
609
1,126
Kentucky
230
*
1
553
11
*
3
474
1,284
Louisiana
*
1
2
470
29
*
1
*
882
Maine
99
1
#
280
5
*
*
*
493
Maryland
*
#
6
857
*
*
#
1,771
3,423
Massachusetts
*
#
10
1,494
*
*
1
1,882
4,014
Michigan
314
2
*
1,607
9
*
16
1,766
3,740
Minnesota
289
10
*
778
29
*
3
1,093
2,215
Mississippi
65
*
1
211
1
*
*
*
394
Missouri
338
#
*
581
11
*
4
1,792
2,749
Montana
41
#
1
*
6
*
5
*
306
Nebraska
103
*
1
249
8
*
2
*
569





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 39

32

Table 17 - Continued

Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections at least 3 Mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream, in thousands)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
Total
Nevada
104
*
3
*
3
*
4
896
1,454
New Hampshire
52
#
1
348
13
*
*
173
589
New Jersey
210
*
12
1,817
*
*
*
1,494
4,196
New Mexico
158
#
2
188
3
*
2
*
592
New York
439
1
22
3,525
*
*
1
*
8,609
North Carolina
402
#
*
1,716
26
*
#
2,186
4,347
North Dakota
32
#
1
95
19
*
2
*
244
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
0
0
*
0
*
0
*
Ohio
531
*
5
1,870
50
*
4
2,044
4,517
Oklahoma
124
#
*
344
11
*
6
305
802
Oregon
155
#
*
699
64
*
9
624
1,559
Pennsylvania
551
*
10
2,077
*
*
3
1,873
5,135
Puerto Rico
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
512
631
Rhode Island
*
*
1
*
*
*
*
278
598
South Carolina
164
*
4
730
30
*
#
614
1,550
South Dakota
38
*
#
130
17
*
2
*
275
Tennessee
173
#
*
883
66
*
#
956
2,099
Texas
1,259
1
*
1,814
416
*
46
9,559
13,165
Utah
185
*
4
327
22
*
40
509
1,088
Vermont
69
*
#
111
6
*
*
*
226
Virgin Islands
0
0
*
*
0
*
*
0
6
Virginia
258
#
9
1,172
*
*
2
1,439
3,523
Washington
263
*
8
1,372
63
*
4
1,251
2,969
West Virginia
18
0
*
267
2
*
2
67
362
Wisconsin
218
2
*
886
17
*
3
672
1,811
Wyoming
25
*
1
*
2
*
2
*
194
Total
13,049
33
279
44,134
6,425
394
282
63,876
128,472

# = Rounds to Zero. Power Line and Other are summarized with Other Wireline to maintain firm confidentiality.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 40

33

Table 18

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 Mbps
% at least 6 Mbps
% at least 10 Mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Alabama
95.9
79.5
42.2
35.5
18.2
Alaska
83.6
80.6
29.8
23.7
14.5
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
96.4
79.0
48.6
41.8
27.5
Arkansas
97.0
84.5
29.0
21.7
11.8
California
96.6
81.9
40.4
32.5
17.4
Colorado
96.8
81.7
50.8
44.1
27.5
Connecticut
97.2
80.6
46.2
39.3
25.5
Delaware
96.3
79.2
54.8
48.5
31.5
District of Columbia
95.2
77.4
67.5
49.5
18.6
Florida
97.3
85.0
70.5
40.7
26.4
Georgia
96.1
79.4
66.4
35.9
19.7
Guam
100.0
94.3
29.2
15.9
10.8
Hawaii
98.1
87.3
54.5
43.9
23.1
Idaho
94.5
74.6
48.1
34.9
13.4
Illinois
97.2
85.3
68.0
38.9
23.3
Indiana
96.5
81.4
46.0
35.3
20.0
Iowa
96.4
79.0
50.1
34.6
19.1
Kansas
95.2
82.8
51.6
40.6
16.9
Kentucky
95.9
86.8
44.9
30.4
17.6
Louisiana
95.6
86.5
31.3
22.7
15.1
Maine
96.0
83.3
54.5
41.1
31.0
Maryland
96.2
80.6
69.9
46.3
28.9
Massachusetts
96.8
79.5
71.6
47.9
35.0
Michigan
96.3
79.2
50.6
41.4
22.9
Minnesota
96.4
81.4
54.8
45.1
27.2
Mississippi
96.8
67.0
26.6
17.9
11.5
Missouri
96.7
88.8
70.9
33.3
15.9
Montana
91.8
66.4
43.4
38.3
16.9
Nebraska
94.2
70.4
43.4
33.1
15.7





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 41

34

Table 18 - Continued

Percentage of Connections by Downstream Speed by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Over 200 kbps Upstream and
% over 200 kbps
% at least 768 kbps
% at least 3 Mbps
% at least 6 Mbps
% at least 10 Mbps
State
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Downstream
Nevada
97.5
87.0
69.9
36.7
23.8
New Hampshire
95.3
73.6
56.1
48.0
33.9
New Jersey
96.2
77.3
51.1
45.9
33.1
New Mexico
95.6
77.7
43.9
38.3
21.9
New York
96.5
79.8
50.3
44.1
30.9
North Carolina
96.2
78.8
66.1
43.2
26.5
North Dakota
95.6
73.4
48.1
39.2
20.8
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
94.5
75.9
52.4
40.8
21.6
Oklahoma
97.5
92.4
35.3
23.0
16.0
Oregon
97.2
84.0
51.7
43.3
27.9
Pennsylvania
96.2
80.7
51.9
43.2
26.0
Puerto Rico
95.3
88.0
42.4
7.5
6.3
Rhode Island
96.9
82.0
72.4
50.1
37.7
South Carolina
95.8
76.7
52.3
41.5
27.4
South Dakota
95.1
74.2
47.5
43.3
25.3
Tennessee
95.5
76.8
46.8
37.6
19.3
Texas
97.5
88.1
67.4
30.8
14.9
Utah
97.2
83.6
52.9
44.2
26.2
Vermont
94.8
79.6
48.4
37.2
24.3
Virgin Islands
97.9
87.8
10.8
0.1
*
Virginia
96.0
78.7
51.9
43.6
27.4
Washington
97.1
84.2
52.7
44.7
29.8
West Virginia
96.1
89.7
45.7
28.5
21.8
Wisconsin
97.0
85.8
49.1
38.8
23.6
Wyoming
95.1
69.8
45.3
40.6
18.5
Total
96.5
81.8
54.1
38.1
22.8

* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 42

35

Table 19

ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Alabama
457
473
496
498
523
536
538
546
546
Alaska
75
77
77
77
78
79
77
78
79
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
466
487
518
527
552
557
590
600
625
Arkansas
273
298
308
314
330
337
343
344
345
California
4,617
4,587
4,568
4,456
4,538
4,471
4,416
4,370
4,285
Colorado
624
641
651
658
663
*
*
*
*
Connecticut
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,005
1,962
1,988
2,006
2,070
2,104
1,998
1,955
1,977
Georgia
1,240
1,251
1,256
1,129
1,413
1,435
1,282
1,291
1,300
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
160
169
174
177
181
185
191
201
208
Illinois
1,503
1,538
1,556
1,537
1,577
1,576
1,549
1,519
1,504
Indiana
672
699
721
725
754
763
765
760
754
Iowa
336
351
362
373
376
381
389
393
396
Kansas
243
250
260
264
271
273
275
275
278
Kentucky
421
431
454
459
473
481
501
502
507
Louisiana
385
390
404
397
396
407
437
444
446
Maine
114
123
125
126
125
134
136
139
140
Maryland
471
440
405
*
350
*
*
*
*
Massachusetts
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
780
835
857
860
902
922
906
909
907
Minnesota
544
573
590
611
618
629
623
627
633
Mississippi
229
240
255
240
263
267
299
309
313
Missouri
727
767
805
811
846
862
870
864
863
Montana
108
111
115
119
119
123
122
123
122
Nebraska
151
158
164
167
169
173
175
175
176





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 43

36

Table 19 - Continued

ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Nevada
222
225
229
232
242
245
250
255
255
New Hampshire
91
91
86
84
85
87
88
89
91
New Jersey
666
624
568
530
486
449
415
387
346
New Mexico
231
242
250
259
266
271
278
285
291
New York
1,122
1,100
1,046
1,010
957
928
875
841
777
North Carolina
891
918
969
985
995
1,026
1,050
1,059
1,063
North Dakota
65
64
67
67
69
71
71
72
73
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,069
1,109
1,127
1,145
1,177
1,190
1,184
1,175
1,178
Oklahoma
338
349
359
361
379
384
387
391
393
Oregon
371
367
367
362
359
360
364
375
373
Pennsylvania
1,231
1,246
1,232
1,202
1,159
1,131
1,098
1,063
1,017
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
400
412
428
437
434
452
471
477
477
South Dakota
56
58
58
60
58
60
63
65
65
Tennessee
541
549
559
570
557
576
593
603
607
Texas
2,608
2,706
2,784
2,797
2,898
2,943
2,952
2,967
2,983
Utah
299
280
309
312
311
309
310
314
317
Vermont
61
79
81
84
85
87
94
97
98
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
553
547
536
527
507
498
486
471
453
Washington
599
596
593
589
582
583
591
598
598
West Virginia
152
160
161
162
*
*
*
*
*
Wisconsin
556
586
612
615
646
658
657
651
651
Wyoming
57
58
58
59
59
59
62
62
63
Total
30,198
30,631
30,987
30,759
31,470
31,611
31,341
31,194
31,010

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 44

37

Table 20

Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Alabama
460
478
497
513
539
556
576
592
615
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
1,044
1,039
1,104
1,096
1,161
1,104
1,169
1,156
1,210
Arkansas
227
252
262
267
278
288
301
308
313
California
3,990
4,144
4,224
4,418
4,639
4,853
5,034
5,222
5,414
Colorado
659
693
709
744
787
817
848
870
899
Connecticut
615
626
640
672
673
713
723
744
761
Delaware
*
*
*
158
156
164
*
*
174
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
2,825
2,859
2,992
3,076
3,292
3,313
3,549
3,557
3,803
Georgia
974
1,020
1,022
1,052
1,114
1,151
1,190
1,245
1,291
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
121
130
133
137
145
150
158
160
161
Illinois
1,591
1,575
1,577
1,630
1,696
1,768
1,857
1,936
2,020
Indiana
626
641
669
697
728
766
801
835
868
Iowa
330
344
360
376
389
395
397
403
407
Kansas
415
419
435
434
441
447
456
455
468
Kentucky
452
483
497
512
530
565
597
614
637
Louisiana
518
544
559
562
586
593
612
625
644
Maine
202
224
237
259
269
286
282
300
297
Maryland
801
757
768
778
773
797
826
842
873
Massachusetts
1,291
1,253
1,250
1,339
1,343
1,401
1,415
1,454
1,503
Michigan
1,394
1,431
1,451
1,517
1,537
1,603
1,643
1,687
1,756
Minnesota
666
685
701
739
776
800
820
846
874
Mississippi
216
227
232
241
246
258
263
270
273
Missouri
560
561
586
599
604
617
623
653
688
Montana
92
102
108
113
119
127
*
*
150
Nebraska
278
286
295
293
309
316
324
331
338





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 45

38

Table 20 - Continued

Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction, in thousands)


2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
State
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
New Hampshire
285
295
303
329
325
340
342
354
358
New Jersey
1,637
1,604
1,623
1,698
1,702
1,759
1,775
1,830
1,847
New Mexico
146
155
158
168
176
190
193
198
203
New York
3,749
3,850
3,886
3,982
4,013
4,091
4,116
4,253
4,459
North Carolina
1,344
1,392
1,444
1,513
1,554
1,566
1,653
1,729
1,851
North Dakota
85
88
93
90
101
96
108
111
116
Northern Mariana Isl
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
1,705
1,757
1,813
1,862
1,895
1,943
2,025
2,057
2,171
Oklahoma
408
429
432
436
468
474
487
490
502
Oregon
517
528
542
576
608
640
662
683
711
Pennsylvania
1,800
1,777
1,835
1,915
1,983
2,057
2,135
2,200
2,286
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
555
582
598
627
660
664
691
730
780
South Dakota
122
122
127
118
134
124
138
141
143
Tennessee
718
739
751
784
795
824
853
881
911
Texas
1,971
2,280
2,383
2,456
2,459
2,577
2,686
2,804
2,888
Utah
*
243
253
268
283
303
316
325
339
Vermont
71
80
83
93
97
104
106
109
113
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
Virginia
1,096
1,097
1,105
1,114
1,124
1,141
1,154
1,187
1,238
Washington
998
1,102
1,106
1,186
1,239
1,296
1,329
1,362
1,400
West Virginia
205
215
226
220
255
274
285
297
306
Wisconsin
759
779
802
823
846
870
897
914
948
Wyoming
64
70
74
76
80
82
85
89
92
Total
40,251
41,434
42,439
43,923
45,334
46,698
48,263
49,663
51,649

# = Rounds to Zero.
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Note: Some historical data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 46

39

Table 21

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Alabama
25
12
22
22
27
*
18
7
0
81
Alaska
13
4
8
4
7
4
9
7
0
27
American Samoa
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
25
5
31
11
25
4
23
6
0
77
Arkansas
21
7
14
16
16
*
11
6
0
59
California
38
18
50
23
27
*
45
10
0
128
Colorado
36
9
35
17
28
*
36
11
0
101
Connecticut
8
8
22
8
11
*
0
5
0
37
Delaware
6
4
19
4
5
*
0
6
0
30
District of Columbia
11
8
23
*
9
*
*
5
0
36
Florida
30
15
49
19
34
*
18
7
0
98
Georgia
34
14
43
31
40
*
8
9
0
106
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
5
Hawaii
4
*
8
*
7
*
*
5
0
23
Idaho
24
4
19
14
22
*
16
8
0
60
Illinois
61
19
53
21
37
*
56
10
0
155
Indiana
38
10
34
14
37
*
43
8
0
105
Iowa
127
30
28
44
83
*
75
11
0
211
Kansas
39
14
24
28
39
*
31
11
0
98
Kentucky
28
9
24
29
27
*
18
9
*
95
Louisiana
17
9
22
18
21
*
9
7
0
63
Maine
12
9
16
5
12
*
*
5
0
32
Maryland
17
12
34
12
16
*
8
8
0
67
Massachusetts
14
9
36
11
12
*
9
5
0
64
Michigan
39
19
38
20
25
*
33
9
0
109
Minnesota
50
18
31
17
45
*
34
6
0
108
Mississippi
17
5
22
13
13
4
5
6
0
53
Missouri
37
14
32
19
33
*
44
8
0
112
Montana
22
8
16
8
14
*
17
*
0
48
Nebraska
35
8
14
20
32
*
28
8
0
77





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 47

40

Table 21 - Continued

Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Other
Cable
Fixed
Mobile
Power Line
State
ADSL
SDSL
Wireline
Modem
Fiber
Satellite
Wireless
Wireless
and Other
Total
Nevada
18
9
27
8
15
*
11
7
0
62
New Hampshire
14
8
17
5
12
*
5
6
0
39
New Jersey
20
12
40
7
17
*
4
6
0
58
New Mexico
23
10
18
7
12
*
19
9
0
56
New York
43
17
39
21
28
*
16
6
0
94
North Carolina
27
10
30
21
30
*
9
11
0
82
North Dakota
31
10
16
7
16
*
13
4
0
48
Northern Mariana Isl
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
*
0
*
Ohio
39
10
35
28
34
*
24
8
*
110
Oklahoma
41
9
23
16
20
*
18
9
0
83
Oregon
41
13
30
13
35
*
23
6
0
86
Pennsylvania
35
12
47
26
27
*
13
8
0
99
Puerto Rico
*
0
6
*
*
*
*
5
0
13
Rhode Island
7
4
11
4
6
*
*
5
0
25
South Carolina
20
7
20
15
16
*
5
9
0
50
South Dakota
31
*
11
7
20
*
20
5
0
57
Tennessee
24
11
25
18
25
*
17
7
0
81
Texas
70
23
59
33
50
*
63
10
0
171
Utah
23
8
16
9
18
*
12
7
0
52
Vermont
10
4
15
6
9
*
4
4
0
35
Virgin Islands
*
0
*
*
0
*
4
4
0
8
Virginia
26
12
37
17
24
*
18
8
0
83
Washington
31
7
35
17
28
*
29
7
0
92
West Virginia
7
*
17
13
11
*
6
8
0
46
Wisconsin
48
21
26
18
33
*
32
8
0
102
Wyoming
15
5
7
4
6
*
14
7
0
38
Total
865
254
261
404
665
6
757
69
*
1,712

* Indicates one to three providers.
Source: FCC Form 477, Part I.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 48

Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts


Contents of this section

All counties


Chart 15
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 50
Table 22
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 51

All census tracts


Chart 16
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 52
Table 23
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections

over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 53
Table 24
Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology

as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) .............. 54

Counties and census tracts in individual states


Table 25
Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County

Households by State as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ........................................................................................................ 55
Table 26
Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract

Households by State as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in

at least one direction) ....................................................................................................... 57


Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract


Map 1
Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 .................................... 59
Map 2
Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps

Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 .................... 60

Maps: Number of providers by census tract


Map 3
Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 ........................................................................ 61
Map 4
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 ........................................................ 62
Map 5
Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream

and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 ................................. 63
Map 6
Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 ........................................................................ 64

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 49

41

Chart 15

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households as of December 31, 2012
16%
Number of Counties
3,234
483
Median
0.59
14%
423
389
12%
367
s
i
e

10%
315
ount
C
of

256
8%
ge
234
t
a
n
e
r
c
e
6%
185

P

160
4%
119
97
63
2%
50
25
29
19
4
9
1
6
0%
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households

Note: Ratios ov er 1 were set to 1. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates; and Census 2010. 2010 housing units proxy households in island area counties.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 50

42

Table 22

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to County Households by Technology as of December 31, 2012


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
0.5
2.1
5.2
25.8
30.7
21.3
9.2
3.6
1.3
0.3
0.1
sDSL
83.1
16.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
96.8
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
12.7
8.8
9.1
17.9
16.9
14.9
11.6
5.4
2.4
0.3
0.1
FTTP
55.3
30.7
4.8
4.0
2.4
1.4
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.0
0.0
Satellite
0.7
76.5
17.1
5.3
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
41.9
44.6
8.4
4.1
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
2.7
7.9
17.0
25.1
39.9
6.0
0.7

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2010. 2010 housing units proxy households in island area counties.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 51

43

Chart 16

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households as of December 31, 2012
12
Number of Tracts
73,767
Median
0.70
10
8
t
s
c
a
Tr
of
e
g

6
a
nt
e
r
c
e
P

4
2
0
0
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
Max

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households

Note: Ratios ov er 2 were set to 2. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates; and Census 2000.




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 52

44

Table 23

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Tract Households by Technology as of December 31, 2012


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households
Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater Greater
Greater
than 5
than 10 than 20 than 30 than 40 than 50 than 60 than 80
than 0
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
and no
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
more
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
than
100% or
Technology
Zero
than 5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
aDSL
1.4
9.2
11.1
27.6
23.4
15.0
7.5
2.9
1.3
0.3
0.3
sDSL
96.6
3.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
5.7
3.3
2.4
7.8
14.5
18.5
17.7
14.2
13.1
2.0
0.9
FTTP
72.3
11.1
2.0
3.1
3.2
3.6
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.1
0.1
Satellite
35.3
57.6
4.4
2.2
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
83.2
13.1
1.8
1.3
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
All Other
100.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total
0.7
0.1
0.2
0.9
2.3
5.2
9.0
13.3
38.4
26.0
3.8

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates; and Census 2000.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 53

45

Table 24

Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Number of Providers
Seven or
Technology
Zero
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
More
aDSL
1.4
48.7
35.3
12.4
1.9
0.3
0.1
0.0
sDSL
96.6
3.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Other Wireline
99.7
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
5.7
81.4
12.3
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
FTTP
72.3
26.9
0.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
35.3
24.1
38.3
2.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
83.2
12.4
3.4
0.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line
99.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
aDSL and/or Cable Modem and/or FTTP
0.9
2.8
41.6
34.9
15.8
3.3
0.6
0.1
Any Technology
0.7
0.5
14.1
23.7
28.6
18.7
8.6
5.0

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. The number of providers in a census tract does not necessarily reflect the number of choices available to a particular household, and does not purport
to measure competition.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI and Census 2010.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 54

46

Table 25

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Alabama
67
0
0
0
0
3
9
26
16
13
0
0
Alaska
29
0
0
0
1
2
3
6
4
12
0
1
American Samoa
5
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
15
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
4
9
0
0
Arkansas
75
0
0
0
0
2
19
35
11
8
0
0
California
58
0
0
0
1
0
2
1
9
35
9
1
Colorado
64
0
0
0
0
1
0
3
19
24
11
6
Connecticut
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
0
Delaware
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
District of Columbia
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Florida
67
0
0
0
0
3
0
11
10
32
10
1
Georgia
159
0
0
0
1
10
15
36
40
49
8
0
Guam
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Hawaii
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
0
Idaho
44
0
0
1
0
1
4
6
11
18
2
1
Illinois
102
0
0
0
1
2
4
14
35
40
3
3
Indiana
92
0
0
0
0
0
5
15
42
28
2
0
Iowa
99
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
34
60
1
0
Kansas
105
0
0
0
0
0
1
13
26
54
11
0
Kentucky
120
0
0
0
0
2
7
28
38
44
1
0
Louisiana
64
0
0
0
0
1
11
14
21
17
0
0
Maine
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
12
2
0
Maryland
24
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
14
5
0
Massachusetts
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
4
3
Michigan
83
0
0
0
0
2
5
11
26
37
2
0
Minnesota
87
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
23
58
2
0
Mississippi
82
0
0
0
0
11
35
19
11
6
0
0
Missouri
115
0
0
0
1
3
10
36
38
26
1
0
Montana
56
0
0
0
0
1
0
8
13
33
1
0
Nebraska
93
0
0
0
0
0
5
10
28
49
1
0





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 55

47

Table 25 - Continued

Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Counties
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Nevada
17
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
3
8
0
0
New Hampshire
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
5
0
New Jersey
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
9
1
New Mexico
33
0
0
0
0
1
6
6
10
8
2
0
New York
62
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
46
11
1
North Carolina
100
0
0
0
0
0
3
19
28
36
13
1
North Dakota
53
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
6
38
4
1
Northern Mariana Isl
4
1
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
88
0
0
0
0
0
1
8
23
53
3
0
Oklahoma
77
0
0
0
0
4
13
27
18
14
1
0
Oregon
36
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
10
21
2
0
Pennsylvania
67
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
11
40
12
1
Puerto Rico
78
0
0
0
0
14
20
31
11
2
0
0
Rhode Island
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
0
South Carolina
46
0
0
0
0
0
10
8
13
12
3
0
South Dakota
66
0
0
0
0
1
1
7
10
43
4
0
Tennessee
95
0
0
0
1
3
12
35
29
14
1
0
Texas
254
0
0
0
1
6
29
58
77
73
9
1
Utah
29
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
5
16
4
1
Vermont
14
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
7
6
0
Virgin Islands
3
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
1
0
0
0
Virginia
134
0
0
0
4
12
13
17
41
32
14
1
Washington
39
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
9
27
0
0
West Virginia
55
0
0
0
0
0
3
11
20
20
1
0
Wisconsin
72
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
14
52
4
0
Wyoming
23
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
5
13
1
0
Total
3,234
3
1
1
15
88
257
550
811
1291
193
24

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2010 (Housing units for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 56

48

Table 26

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Alabama
1,179
5
2
1
13
80
164
255
207
329
103
20
Alaska
167
2
0
2
4
8
8
15
27
72
18
11
American Samoa
18
3
6
1
1
2
1
2
0
1
1
0
Arizona
1,526
20
9
9
17
23
60
121
181
537
461
88
Arkansas
686
2
1
1
13
63
113
156
125
167
36
9
California
8,036
53
10
13
37
72
177
418
736
3,025
3,209
286
Colorado
1,249
13
0
2
1
6
17
61
134
505
438
72
Connecticut
829
3
0
0
0
2
12
39
57
290
405
21
Delaware
215
1
0
0
1
0
1
17
24
78
76
17
District of Columbia
179
1
0
0
0
0
3
16
31
77
39
12
Florida
4,199
37
3
0
5
41
92
268
458
1,730
1,278
287
Georgia
1,964
11
2
2
14
57
172
268
345
686
358
49
Guam
56
6
0
1
3
2
0
2
2
3
4
33
Hawaii
326
11
0
1
2
0
3
8
21
124
114
42
Idaho
298
0
0
1
2
3
17
23
77
147
23
5
Illinois
3,121
9
3
1
20
45
191
328
473
1,291
690
70
Indiana
1,508
5
2
2
7
15
67
235
370
598
195
12
Iowa
825
2
1
0
1
4
13
62
177
475
81
9
Kansas
770
9
0
0
3
13
38
78
141
326
134
28
Kentucky
1,115
12
0
1
8
31
74
155
237
428
145
24
Louisiana
1,136
14
0
0
7
40
128
191
228
391
114
23
Maine
351
0
0
0
1
1
3
20
35
194
80
17
Maryland
1,394
7
0
0
2
15
68
87
110
484
568
53
Massachusetts
1,471
11
0
0
2
1
5
34
84
534
727
73
Michigan
2,767
29
1
1
22
96
231
298
376
1,096
594
23
Minnesota
1,335
4
2
1
1
8
25
77
219
705
280
13
Mississippi
661
4
0
2
10
80
161
120
109
135
34
6
Missouri
1,393
6
1
4
8
77
123
183
266
485
214
26
Montana
271
2
2
1
3
4
4
22
61
132
32
8
Nebraska
532
2
0
0
0
0
16
48
102
244
105
15





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 57

49

Table 26 - Continued

Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract Households by State as of December 31, 2012

(Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)


Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than Greater than
0 and no
5 and no
10 and no
20 and no
30 and no
40 and no
50 and no
60 and no
80 and no
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
more than
100% or
State
Tracts
Zero
5%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
80%
100%
more
Nevada
683
6
0
0
10
16
34
72
79
301
141
24
New Hampshire
294
2
0
0
1
0
0
1
10
113
158
9
New Jersey
2,004
9
1
0
2
1
6
27
106
770
987
95
New Mexico
499
3
11
5
8
19
55
73
92
167
52
14
New York
4,900
73
0
2
21
19
66
142
330
2,213
1,795
239
North Carolina
2,183
19
1
0
4
38
106
263
360
730
448
214
North Dakota
205
0
0
0
0
1
4
15
29
110
35
11
Northern Mariana Isl
22
3
1
1
1
2
1
0
3
0
1
9
Ohio
2,946
7
0
1
8
47
164
281
476
1,244
633
85
Oklahoma
1,046
1
6
5
33
72
121
170
188
279
145
26
Oregon
827
2
0
0
1
1
9
34
118
475
178
9
Pennsylvania
3,217
22
1
4
23
27
57
186
461
1,444
841
151
Puerto Rico
903
14
3
22
157
176
163
118
83
64
33
70
Rhode Island
241
1
0
0
1
0
0
2
16
140
77
4
South Carolina
1,097
10
0
0
9
41
115
172
179
328
166
77
South Dakota
222
0
1
0
1
2
8
9
33
131
34
3
Tennessee
1,497
21
2
2
12
76
177
278
306
456
149
18
Texas
5,253
39
9
25
81
243
539
753
773
1,558
1,025
208
Utah
588
5
2
3
1
3
5
21
60
298
156
34
Vermont
184
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
11
101
54
15
Virgin Islands
29
0
0
1
3
4
3
2
4
3
3
6
Virginia
1,895
22
2
5
38
63
101
164
224
482
706
88
Washington
1,446
2
1
2
6
14
28
78
151
690
448
26
West Virginia
484
0
1
4
13
19
36
56
88
184
62
21
Wisconsin
1,393
3
2
1
5
13
65
102
218
723
242
19
Wyoming
132
1
0
0
1
4
3
12
18
69
21
3
Total
73,767
550
89
130
648
1,690
3,854
6,639
9,829
28,362
19,146
2,830

Note: Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding. See Technical Notes at the end of the report.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI (Connections); Geolytics 2012 Block-Level Estimates (Households for U.S. and District of Columbia); Census 2000 (Households for Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands).



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 58

Map 1

Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction per 1,000 Households

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households by
census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial mobile wireless.
Connections data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from TIGER.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2011 estimates from Geolytics. Household counts
for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 59

Map 2

Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps Upstream

per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Connections per 1000 Households

Zero
Zero < x <= 200
200 < x <= 400
400 < x <= 600
600 < x <= 800
800 < x
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of residential connections per 1,000 households
by census tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
upstream and at least 768 kbps downstream. Al technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless are included.
Connections are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are from TIGER.
Household counts for tracts in the U.S. are 2011 estimates from Geolytics. Household
counts for the territories are from Census 2000. For more information about census
tracts please see Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 60

Map 3

Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census
tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless. The number of providers in a census tract does not
necessarily reflect the number of choices available to a particular
household, and does not purport to measure competition.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract
boundaries are from TIGER. For more information about census tracts
please see Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 61

Map 4

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census
tract. A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in
the tract. Connections have information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps
in at least one direction and include al technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless. The number of providers in a census tract does not
necessarily reflect the number of choices available to a particular household,
and does not purport to measure competition.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from TIGER. For more information about census tracts please see
Census 2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 62

Map 5

Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream and 768 kbps Upstream

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Provider Count (exc. Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of providers of fixed connections by census tract.
A provider is counted only if it reported residential connections in the tract.
Connections have information transfer rates of at least 3 Mbps downstream
and at least 768 kbps upstream and include al technologies except terrestrial
mobile wireless. The number of providers in a census tract does not
necessarily reflect the number of choices available to a particular household,
and does not purport to measure competition.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries
are from TIGER. For more information about census tracts please see Census
2010 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 63

Map 6

Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Providers (Mobile Wireless)

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
A l a s k a
This map shows the number of potential providers of mobile connections
with information transfer rates greater than 200 kbps in at least one direction by
census tract. Providers are counted if they indicate that service is available in
a tract over a network the provider operates. The number of providers in a census
tract does not necessarily reflect the number of choices available to a particular
household, and does not purport to measure competition.
Provider data are from FCC Form 477 Part VI. The census tract boundaries are
from TIGER. For more information about census tracts please see Census 2010
Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, page A-12.
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 64

Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures


Contents of this section

Household income


Chart 17
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) .................... 66
Chart 18
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012 ............ 67

Household density


Chart 19
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) .................... 68
Chart 20
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012 ........... 69

Education


Chart 21
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2012

(County Data) .................................................................................................................... 70
Chart 22
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012 ............................................................................... 71

Age


Chart 23
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) ....... 72
Chart 24
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population

(in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012 .............................................................................. 73

Race


Chart 25
Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction

to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2012

(County Data) .................................................................................................................... 74
Chart 26
Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)

as of December 31, 2012 ................................................................................................... 75

Technology and household density


Chart 27
Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of

December 31, 2012 ............................................................................................................ 76

Income and household density


Chart 28
Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of

December 31, 2012, by Tract ............................................................................................ 77
Chart 29
Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One

Direction to Households by Income and Density as of December 31, 2012 ..................... 78
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 65

50

Chart 17

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012
(County Data)
0.90
0.80
0.81
0.73
0.70
0.71
0.70
0.66
0.67
0.67
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.56
0.56
i
o

0.53
0.54
at
0.52
R 0.50
0.49
i
p
sh
er
i
b

0.44
0.44
scr
b
u
0.40

S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Income Counties Ranked by Median Household Income, in Deciles Higher Income

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by income deciles. Counties were grouped into income deciles based on county median household income in 2009, as reported by the
Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the
decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least
one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 66

51

Chart 18

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.42
0.49
0.52
0.55
0.58
0.61
0.61
0.64
0.68
0.75
Median
0.43
0.48
0.51
0.55
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.65
0.69
0.77
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
Q3
0.7
Median

t
i
o
a
0.6
Q1
R
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Incom e Median Household Incom e by Decile Higher Incom e

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the income decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erageresidential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 67

52

Chart 19

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.75
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.65
0.65
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.59
0.57
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.54
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Density Counties Ranked by Household Density, in Deciles Higher Density

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by density deciles. Counties were grouped into density deciles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated county households in 2010 to county land area f rom the Census Bureau. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections
ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of
the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N to the number of households in all the counties in decile N
and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and Census 2010 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 68

53

Chart 20

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.59
0.58
0.51
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.58
0.63
0.68
0.69
Median
0.60
0.58
0.52
0.51
0.53
0.54
0.58
0.62
0.69
0.72
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

Median
t
i
o
a
0.6
R
Q1
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
Min
0.2
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Density County Household Density by Decile Higher Density

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the density decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is any data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and Census 2010 (County land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 69

54

Chart 21

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.79
0.72
0.70
0.70
0.68
0.66
0.66
0.64
0.61
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.56
0.54
0.53
0.52
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.48
i
o
at

0.46
0.46
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of College Graduates, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by county share of college graduates in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county population at
least 25 y ears of age with a college degree or higher educational attainment. For each decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er
200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of
residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles
less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 70

55

Chart 22

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.44
0.47
0.50
0.54
0.57
0.59
0.62
0.64
0.69
0.77
Median
0.45
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.58
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.69
0.78
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3
Median

t
i
o
a
0.6
Q1
R
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Share County Share of College Graduates by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the share decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County educational attainment).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 71

56

Chart 23

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.73
0.72
0.72
0.70
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.69
0.69
0.66
0.65
0.64
0.60
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Average Age Counties Ranked by Average Age, in Deciles Higher Average Age

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by county av erage age in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the av erage age of the county population. For each
decile, the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of
households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction
across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County av erage age).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 72

57

Chart 24

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.63
0.62
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.58
0.61
Median
0.65
0.63
0.59
0.56
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.57
0.59
0.62
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

t
i
o
a
0.6
R
Median
ip
h
r
s
e
0.5
Q1
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
0.2
Min
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Average Age County Average Age by Decile Higher Average Age

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in the av erage age decile. Some of the f eatures are labeled,
but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile;
is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum
observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (County av erage age).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 73

58

Chart 25

Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households

by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2012
(County Data)
0.80
0.73
0.71
0.72
0.71
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.67
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.58
0.50
i
o
at
R
i
p
sh
er
0.40
i
b

scr
b
u
S

0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Lower Share Counties Ranked by Share of Population W hite, in Deciles Higher Share

Cumulative
Not Cumulative
This chart shows cumulativ e and non-cumulativ e subscribership ratios by the share of county population white alone in deciles. Counties were grouped into deciles based on the share of the county
population that reported their race as white alone. For each decile,the height of any red, non-cumulativ e bar represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed connections ov er 200 kbps in at least
one direction across counties in the decile to the sum of households across counties in the decile. The height of the blue, cumulativ e bar f or decile N represents the ratio of the sum of residential f ixed
connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction across all counties in decile N and all deciles less than N, to the number of households in all the counties in decile N and deciles less than N.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 74

59

Chart 26

Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012

Subscribership Ratio
Average
0.49
0.54
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.61
0.62
0.60
0.58
0.57
Median
0.46
0.54
0.59
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.62
0.59
0.60
0.58
Max
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
Q3

t
i
o
a
0.6
Median
R
ip
h

Q1
r
s
e
0.5
r
i
b
c
s
b
u
0.4

S

0.3
Min
0.2
0.1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Share County Share White Alone by Decile Higher Share

Note: Each box plot shows the distribution of residential subscribership to connections ov er 200 kbps in at least one direction f or counties in each race decile. Counties were grouped into
deciles based on the share of the county population that reported their race as white alone. Some of the f eatures are labeled, but note also that + denotes the position of the av erage
residential subscribership ratio taken across all counties in the decile; is the minimum observ ation abov e Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1); T is the maximum observ ation below Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1); and
is a data point bey ond Q1-1.5(Q3-Q1) or Q3+1.5(Q3-Q1). Ratios greater than 1 were set to 1.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Race).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 75

60

Chart 27

Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of December 31, 2012

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
90
80
ns
t
i
o
70
c
e
n
on
C
d
e
60
pe
-
S

i
gh

H
50
d
e
i
x
l
F

t
i
a
n
40
e
i
d
s
e
R
of
30
ge
t
a
n
e
r
c
e
20

P

10
0
Lowest Density
Highest Density
aDSL
Cable Modem
FTTP
Satellite
Fixed Wireless
This chart shows subscribership ratios by technology and household density . Tracts were grouped into 100 density percentiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2011 to tract land area f rom the Census Bureau. For each percentile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted av erage ratio of residential f ixed
connections to households across tracts in the percentile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and Census 2010 (Tract land area).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 76

61

Chart 28

Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of December 31, 2012

(Residential fixed connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction by Tract)
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Richest
Highest Density
Poorest
Lowest Density
This chart shows subscribership ratios by household density and income quantiles. Tracts were grouped into 400 density /income quantiles based on households per square mile, calculated as the ratio of
estimated tract households in 2011 to tract land area f rom the Census Bureau, and median household income. For each quantile, the height of the bar represents the household-weighted av erage ratio of
residential f ixed connections to households across tracts in the decile.
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); Census 2010 (Tract land area); 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 77

62

Chart 29

Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Households by Income and Density

Tract Data as of December 31, 2012

100%
90%
80%
ds
hol
e

70%
s
u
o
H

to
60%
s
n
o
ti
c
e

50%
onn
C

of
40%
o
ti
a
R
n
a

30%
di
e
M

20%
10%
0%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Low er Density Tract Density (Households per Square Mile) in Deciles Higher Density

Tract Median Income in Deciles
less than $27,619
$27,619 to $34,524
$34,524 to $39,861
$39,861 to $44,688
$44,688 to $50,231
$50,231 to $56,012
$56,012 to $63,800
$63,800 to $74,597
$74,597 to $92,317
more than $92,317
Sources: FCC Form 477, Part VI; Geoly tics 2012 Block-Lev el Estimates (Households in 2012); and 2007-2011 ACS 5-y ear Estimates (Median household income).




U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 78


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available ahttp://www.fcc.gov/form477">t www.fcc.gov/form477.

Wherever a number of providers is cited in this report, multiple Form 477 filers within a holding
company structure count as one provider.

Form 477 collects information about Internet access connections in service to end-user locations that are
advertised to deliver information to and/or from the end user – that is, in at least one direction – at transfer
rates (“speeds”) above 200 kilobits per second (kbps). Information is collected about connections in 72
speed tiers (nine upstream tiers and eight downstream) defined by ranges of upstream speeds and
downstream speeds. Connections are further categorized by the technology employed by the part of the
connection that terminates at the end-user location.

“End users” are residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use services for their own
purposes and who do not resell such services to other entities. Facilities-based providers report
information about connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also connections
that they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users. For Form 477 purposes, the
facilities-based provider of a connection is the entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that
terminates at the end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special access line, or
other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location and provisions/equips it as a connection that
transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one direction to the end-user location
over licensed spectrum or over spectrum that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.

The mutually exclusive Form 477 technology categories are: asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
(“aDSL” in this report), symmetric Digital Subscriber Line (“sDSL”), other wireline, cable modem,
optical fiber to the end-user premises (“FTTP”), satellite, fixed wireless (using licensed or unlicensed
spectrum), mobile wireless (using licensed or unlicensed spectrum), electric power line, and all other
(which is included to capture deployment of additional technologies over time). In the Form 477 data
collection, aDSL-based services delivered over fiber-to-the-node architecture are reported in the aDSL
category. The other wireline category comprises T1/DS1, T3/DS3, and other copper-based connections,
not elsewhere categorized, that deliver Internet access service at the end-user location. Ethernet
connections delivering Internet access service are reported in the other wireline category if the connection
terminates over copper and in the FTTP category if the connection terminates over fiber. Connections
deployed over hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture are reported in the cable modem category. Wireless
ISPs (“WISPs”) report in the fixed wireless category if providing service to dispersed, fixed end-user
locations and report in the mobile wireless category if providing a commercial service that can be
received at any location within a service footprint. Wireless local area networks (such as Wi-Fi hotspots)
that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises connection are not included, although the
shared premises connection is included.

Numbers of connections presented in this report are not adjusted for the number of persons at a single
end-user location who have access to, or who use, the Internet access services delivered over the
connection to that location.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 79

Numbers of residential connections are estimated based on the total connections and percentage-
residential connections information reported on Form 477.

Census tracts



Starting with data as of December 31, 2008, facilities-based providers of reportable fixed-location
Internet access connections must report connection counts and percentage residential information at the
census tract level of detail. Because of the inherent mobility of their service, facilities-based mobile
wireless providers do not report subscriber counts by census tract. Instead, they report the census tracts in
the state that best represent the areas where service is available over the provider’s own network, for each
of the speed tiers in which the provider offers service.

The census tract-level data summarized in this report were collected for tracts in the 2010 decennial
census. For the purposes of this report, there are 73,767 census tracts because we exclude census tracts
delineated specifically to cover large bodies of water.

About 110 of the census tracts have population but no households because the population resides in group
living quarters. For the purpose of estimating residential subscribership rates by census tract, we assume
these census tracts have no reportable residential Internet access service because persons residing in
group quarters would have Internet access over a business connection provided to the operator of the
group quarters. Therefore, these census tracts are included in the “zero” column.

Ratios of residential fixed-location connections to households that exceed 100%


We estimate the share of households with fixed-location connections in individual census tracts by taking
the ratio of the reported number of fixed-location residential service connections to the estimated number
of households. We continue to find “outlier” estimates at or above 100% and to find that the number of
outliers is substantially reduced when estimates are made for individual counties rather than for individual
census tracts.

Possible explanations of ratios at or above 100% include (1) geocoding misallocations of service locations
to census tracts; (2) proper allocation of connections to the county level by some filers, but improper
allocation of all connections to a single tract in the county; (3) possible overestimation of residential
connections in service plans for which the customer base is primarily residential; and (4) connections at
seasonally or occasionally occupied housing units, such as vacation homes, while the household is
counted elsewhere. Most of the numbers of households in census tracts that were used to generate the
estimated ratios are themselves estimates (from GeoLytics, Inc.), which could have an independent effect.

Maps showing residential subscribership rates by census tract



The two maps based on estimated Internet access connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction per
1,000 households (that is, estimated household subscribership rates) exclude all connections identified as
business connections and necessarily exclude residential mobile wireless connections (which are reported
for the state but not for individual census tracts).
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 80

Glossary


Term Definition

aDSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop typically using
copper facilities and providing greater bandwidth in one direction than the
other.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system.
Downstream speed
Speed of transmission from the Internet to the end user.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities who use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Facilities-based provider
Entity that owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the
end-user location, obtains an unbundled network element (UNE), special
access line, or other leased facility that terminates at the end-user location
and provisions/equips it as a connection that transfers information at rates
over 200 kbps in at least one direction, or provisions/equips a wireless
channel that transfers information at rates over 200 kbps in at least one
direction to the end-user location over licensed spectrum or over spectrum
that the provider uses on an unlicensed basis.
Fixed wireless
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
Fixed-location technologies
All technologies other than terrestrial mobile wireless.
FTTH or FTTP
Fiber to the Home (Premises): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer’s home (premises).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ISPs
Internet Service Providers: Companies or organizations that provide
Internet access service (see above).
iVoIP
Interconnected Voice Over Internet Protocol: A service that enables real-
time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection
from the user’s location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer
premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that
originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls
to the public switched telephone network.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Mobile wireless provider
Provider of mobile wireless service (see above).
Other wireline
All copper-wire based technologies other than DSL technologies;
Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
Power line
Internet access service delivered over electric power transmission lines.
Satellite communications
A telecommunications service provided via one or more satellite relays
and their associated uplinks and downlinks.
sDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line: DSL technology that provides equal
bandwidth for both uploads and downloads.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 81

Speed tiers
Sub-groupings defined by ranges of upstream speeds and downstream
speeds.
Upstream speed
Speed of transmission from the end user to the Internet.
Wi-Fi hotspot
Wireless Fidelity: Generic term referring to any type of IEEE 802.11
wireless network. A hotspot is a small geographic area in which users can
gain access to a Wi-Fi network which in turn connects to the Internet.
Wireless service
Telephone, Internet, data, and other services provided to customers
through the transmission of signals over networks of radio towers.
Wireless service provider
Provider of wireless service (see above).
Wireless
Any means of electronic data transfer using electromagnetic means, most
telecommunications
commonly radio waves.
WISP
Wireless ISP: A company that provides end users with wireless access to
the Internet, most commonly by using radio spectrum designated for
unlicensed use.
WLAN
Wireless local area network: A WLAN uses radio waves to connect user
devices to a local area network (LAN), thereby extending an existing
wired LAN.

.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 82

Customer Response

Publication: Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012

You can help us provide the best possible information to the public by completing this form and returning it
to the Industry Analysis and Technology Division of the FCC's Wireline Competition Bureau.

1.
Please check the category that best describes you:

____
press

____
current telecommunications carrier

____
potential telecommunications carrier

____
business customer evaluating vendors/service options

____
consultant, law firm, lobbyist

____
other business customer

____
academic/student

____
residential customer

____
FCC employee

____
other federal government employee

____
state or local government employee

____
Other (please specify)

2.
Please rate the report: Excellent Good Satisfactory Poor No opinion

Data accuracy
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Data presentation
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Timeliness of data
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Completeness of data
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Text clarity

(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Completeness of text
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

3.
Overall, how do you Excellent Good Satisfactory Poor No opinion

rate this report?
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

4.
How can this report be improved?




5.
May we contact you to discuss possible improvements?

Name:

Telephone #:

To discuss the information in this report, contact: 202-418-0940
or for users of TTY equipment, call 202-418-0484
Fax this response to
or
Mail this response to
202-418-0520

FCC/WCB/IATD, Mail Stop 1600 F
Washington, DC 20554



5353

Document Outline

  • report1212_draft_18SEP13_withTOC.pdf
    • ias_1212_maps.pdf
      • res_fixed_hs_subratio_090613_v1
      • res_fixed_btop_subratio_090613_v1
      • total_fixed_providers_090613_v1
      • residential_fixed_providers_090613_v1
      • residential_fixed_providers_nbp_090613_v1
      • total_providers_tmw_090613_v1
  • TOC_State_12.17.13_clean.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Residential subscribership rates
    • Table 13 Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 Mbps Downstream / 768 kbps Upstream
    • and Households by State as of December 31, 2012 34
    • Table 14 Residential Fixed Connections and Households by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 35
    • End users of connections
    • Table 15 Connections by Type of End User by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 36
    • Connections by speed and technology
    • Table 16 Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 37
    • Table 17 Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections at least 3 mbps downstream and 768 kbps upstream) 39
    • Table 18 Percentage of Connections by Download Speed by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 41
    • Connections for selected technologies
    • Table 19 ADSL Connections by State 2008-2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 43
    • Table 20 Cable Modem Connections by State 2008-2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 45
    • Number of providers
    • Table 21 Providers of Connections by Technology by State as of December 31, 2012
    • (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 47
  • TOC_12.17.13_clean.pdf
    • Table of Contents
    • Introduction 1
    • Figure 1 Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections by Speed 2009-2012 2
    • Figure 2 Speed Composition of Fixed Connections and Mobile Connections
    • as of December 31, 2012 3
    • Connection speeds in detail 4
    • Figure 3(a) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Downstream Speed 5
    • Figure 3(b) Distribution of Reportable Fixed Connections by Upstream Speed 6
    • Figure 4(a) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Downstream Speed 7
    • Figure 4(b) Distribution of Reportable Mobile Connections by Upstream Speed 8
    • Providers by census tract by connection speed 9
    • Figure 5(a) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds 9
    • Figure 5(b) Percentages of Households Located in Census Tracts Where Providers
    • Report Residential Fixed-Location Connections of Various Speeds
    • or Operate a Mobile Wireless Network Capable of Delivering Service
    • of Various Speeds 10
    • Internet access adoption. 11
    • Figure 6 Fixed-Location Connections 1999-2012 11
    • Other report highlights 12
    • Residential subscribership 12
    • Household adoption of faster speeds 12
    • Census tract and county shares of households with reportable connections 13
    • Household adoption rates and subscribership demographics 13
    • Maps of providers by census tract 13
    • Remainder of the report 13
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The Nation 15
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: The States 33
    • Detailed Summary Statistics: Counties and Census Tracts 49
    • Detailed Correlation Results: Demographic Measures 65
    • Technical Notes 79
    • Glossary 81
  • TOC_County_Tract_12.17.13_clean.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • All counties
    • Chart 15 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households
    • as of December 31, 2012 50
    • Table 22 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to County Households by Technology
    • as of December 31, 2012 51
    • All census tracts
    • Chart 16 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households
    • as of December 31, 2012 52
    • Table 23 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections
    • over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction to Tract Households by Technology
    • as of December 31, 2012 53
    • Table 24 Percentage of Census Tracts with Residential Fixed Connections by Technology
    • as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in at least one direction) 54
    • Counties and census tracts in individual states
    • Table 25 Distribution of Counties by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to County
    • Households by State as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in
    • at least one direction) 55
    • Table 26 Distribution of Census Tracts by Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections to Tract
    • Households by State as of December 31, 2012 (Connections over 200 kbps in
    • at least one direction) 57
    • Maps: Residential subscription ratios by census tract
    • Map 1 Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 59
    • Map 2 Residential Fixed Connections at Least 768 kbps Downstream and 200 kbps
    • Upstream per 1,000 Households by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 60
    • Maps: Number of providers by census tract
    • Map 3 Providers of Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 61
    • Map 4 Providers of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 62
    • Map 5 Providers of Residential Fixed Connections at Least 3 mbps Downstream
    • and 768 kbps Upstream by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 63
    • Map 6 Providers of Mobile Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • by Census Tract as of December 31, 2012 64
  • TOC_Demographic_12.17.13_clean.pdf
    • Contents of this section
    • Household income
    • Chart 17 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) 66
    • Chart 18 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Income Deciles as of December 31, 2012 67
    • Household density
    • Chart 19 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) 68
    • Chart 20 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Density Deciles as of December 31, 2012 69
    • Education
    • Chart 21 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share of College Graduates in Deciles as of December 31, 2012
    • (County Data) 70
    • Chart 22 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share of Population with a College Degree
    • (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012 71
    • Age
    • Chart 23 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Average Age in Deciles as of December 31, 2012 (County Data) 72
    • Chart 24 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Average Age of County Population
    • (in Deciles) as of December 31, 2012 73
    • Race
    • Chart 25 Ratio of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One Direction
    • to Households by Share White Alone in Deciles as of December 31, 2012
    • (County Data) 74
    • Chart 26 Subscribership Ratio Distributions by Share White Alone (in Deciles)
    • as of December 31, 2012 75
    • Technology and household density
    • Chart 27 Subscribership Ratios by Technology and Tract Household Density as of
    • December 31, 2012 76
    • Income and household density
    • Chart 28 Average Subscribership Ratios by Income and Household Density as of
    • December 31, 2012, by Tract 77
    • Chart 29 Median Ratios of Residential Fixed Connections over 200 kbps in at Least One
    • Direction to Households by Income and Density as of December 31, 2012 78
  • IAS_text_12 18 13_clean.pdf
    • Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012

Note: We are currently transitioning our documents into web compatible formats for easier reading. We have done our best to supply this content to you in a presentable form, but there may be some formatting issues while we improve the technology. The original version of the document is available as a PDF, Word Document, or as plain text.

close
FCC

You are leaving the FCC website

You are about to leave the FCC website and visit a third-party, non-governmental website that the FCC does not maintain or control. The FCC does not endorse any product or service, and is not responsible for, nor can it guarantee the validity or timeliness of the content on the page you are about to visit. Additionally, the privacy policies of this third-party page may differ from those of the FCC.