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FCC Releases New Data on Local Telephone Competition

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Released: October 7, 2011



Local Telephone Competition:

Status as of December 31, 2010








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
October 2011


















This report is available for reference in the FCC's Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.







Contents

TEXT


Introduction.............................................................................................................................................1
Wireline retail local telephone service....................................................................................................1
Service providers ....................................................................................................................................3
Interconnected VoIP service ...................................................................................................................6
Switched access lines..............................................................................................................................9
Wholesale relationships for switched access lines..................................................................................9
Remainder of the report ........................................................................................................................11
Technical Notes ....................................................................................................................................32
Glossary ................................................................................................................................................34

FIGURES


1. Interconnected VoIP Subscriptions and Retail Switched Access Lines, 2008 - 2010......................2
2. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and
Customer
Type .................................................................................................................................3
3. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and
Regulatory
Status .............................................................................................................................4
4. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type ..........................................................................................................................5
5. Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features ................................................7
6. Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP Broadband Bundles .............8
7. Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines ..................................................................................9
8. Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs ...................................10

TABLES


1. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions............................................................12
2. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type .............................13
3. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs....................14
4. ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions,
and
UNEs .......................................................................................................................................15
5. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers.................................................................................................................16
6. Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service..........................17
7. Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines...................................................18
8. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ....................................19
9. Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State...........................20
10. Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State...............................21
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 i





11. Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions
by
State...........................................................................................................................................22
12. Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ..................23
13. ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ..........................24
14. Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State .....................................25
15. Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Provided to

Residential Customers by State ......................................................................................................26
16. Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State ......................................27
17. Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers .........................28
18. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers............................................29
19. Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ...................29
20. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State .............................30

CHARTS

1. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions............................................................12
2. Percent of Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers.................................13
3. Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions..........................................14
4. ILEC Total Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs ..................................................................15
5. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers.................................................................................................................16
6. Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs..................................................17

MAP



Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs
by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code .......................................................................................................31












U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 ii


Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010


Introduction.
The Commission has used FCC Form 477 to collect subscribership information from
telephone service providers the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), competitive local exchange
carriers (CLECs), and mobile telephony providers for more than a decade.1,2 The Commission has
required interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol ("interconnected VoIP") service providers to report
subscribership information since December 2008 because the use of VoIP technology is growing rapidly
and it increasingly is used to provide local telephone service.3

This report summarizes information about telephone services as of December 31, 2010. It demonstrates
that interconnected VoIP service subscribership has continued to increase while subscribership to
traditional wired telephone services has declined. We also update summary statistics for the mobile
telephony subscribership information collected by Form 477.4

Wireline retail local telephone service.

Retail local telephone service customers are served by two
wireline technologies "end-user" switched access lines and interconnected VoIP "subscriptions."

In December 2010, there were 117 million end-user switched access lines in service and 32
million interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the United States, or 149 million wireline retail local
telephone service connections in total. See Figure 1.


1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 and the meaning of terms used in this report.
2 For an overview of program history for the telephone services data, see Local Telephone Competition: Status as
of December 31, 2008
(June 2010) at pp. 1-2, available at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who
are interested in historical trends in the data should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in
2008 and earlier, in 2005.
3 The FCC's rules (at 47 C.F.R. 9.3) state:
An interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service is a service that:
(1) Enables real-time, two-way voice communications;
(2) Requires a broadband connection from the user's location;
(3) Requires Internet protocol-compatible customer premises equipment (CPE); and
(4) Permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to
terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
We note that the current interpretation of element (4) of the definition excludes the VoIP services that Skype offers
in the United States, and subscribers to those services are not reported on Form 477. Prior to the December 2008
data, companies such as Vonage that solely provide interconnected VoIP service did not file Form 477. Telephone
companies and cable companies that provided local exchange telephone service were required to file Form 477 but
were not required to report interconnected VoIP subscriptions. However, some of these companies chose to include
interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the number of retail (end-user) switched access lines that they reported.
4 The presentation of mobile wireless telephone subscriber counts in this report does not constitute, or imply,
Commission analysis of the extent to which wireline and mobile wireless telephone services are demand substitutes
or complements in general or in any particular situation. In the Form 477 program, commercial mobile radio
service (CMRS) carriers who own or operate wireless networks report both their retail telephone service customers
and the retail customers of mobile wireless telephone service resellers.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 1

Interconnected VoIP subscriptions had increased by 22% (from 26 million to 32 million) and
retail switched access lines had decreased by 8% (from 127 million to 117 million) during the
preceding year. The combined effect was an annual decrease of 3% in wireline retail local
telephone service connections (from 153 million to 149 million). See Figure 1.


Figure 1

Interconnected VoIP Subscriptions and Retail Switched Access Lines, 2008 - 2010

(In Thousands)
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
Interconnected VoIP
21,744 23,929 25,924 28,702 31,674
Subscriptions
Retail Switched Access 141,019 133,093 126,949 122,174 116,898
Lines




Of the 149 million wireline retail local telephone service connections in December 2010, 87
million (or 59%) were residential connections and 61 million (or 41%) were business
connections. See Figure 2.

Cross-classified by technology and customer type, the 149 million wireline retail local telephone
service connections in December 2010 were: 40% residential switched access lines, 38%
business switched access lines, 18% residential interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 3%
business interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 2.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 2

Figure 2

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)


Switched Access Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP

Residential

60,027 27,061 87,088

Business

56,871 4,614 61,485
Total 116,898
31,674
148,572
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.



VoIP, Business

Switched,

3%

Residential

40%

Switched,

Business

38%

VoIP,

Residential

18%





Service providers.

The Form 477 program and this report distinguishes ILEC operations from all
other operations.

Cross-classified by customer type (residential or business) and the service retailer's regulatory
status (ILEC or non-ILEC), the 149 million wireline retail local telephone service connections
(including both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions) in December 2010
were: 39% ILEC residential service, 26% ILEC business service, 19% non-ILEC residential
service, and 15% non-ILEC business service. See Figure 3.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 3

Figure 3

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)


Residential
Business
Total

ILEC

58,211 39,307 97,518

Non-ILEC

28,877 22,178 51,054
Total 87,088
61,485
148,572
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


Non-ILEC,

ILEC,

Business

Residential

15%
39%

ILEC, Business

Non-ILEC,

26%

Residential

19%






Additionally cross-classified by technology, the 87 million wireline residential connections in
December 2010 were: 64.0% ILEC switched access lines, 28.2% non-ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions, 5.0% non-ILEC switched access lines, and 2.9% ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions. Similarly, the 61 million wireline business connections were: 63.3% ILEC
switched access lines, 29.1% non-ILEC switched access lines, 6.9% non-ILEC interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, and 0.6% ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 4.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 4


Figure 4

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)

Total

Switched Access Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP

ILEC 94,661
2,857
97,518
Non-ILEC 22,237
28,817
51,054
Total 116,898
31,674
148,572

Residential




ILEC 55,710
2,501
58,211
Non-ILEC 4,316
24,560
28,877
Residential Total
60,027
27,061
87,088

Business




ILEC 38,950
356
39,307
Non-ILEC 17,920
4,257
22,178
Business Total
56,871
4,614
61,485
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


Residential

ILEC, Switched

64.0%

Non-ILEC, VoIP

28.2%

ILEC, VoIP

2.9%

Non-ILEC,

Switched

5.0%


Business

ILEC, Switched

63.3%

Non-ILEC, VoIP

6.9%

ILEC, VoIP

Non-ILEC,

0.6%

Switched

29.1%


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 5

Interconnected VoIP service.

Form 477 identifies three types of information about retail interconnected
VoIP service.

First, interconnected VoIP service retailers distinguish between the interconnected VoIP
subscriptions they sell to their broadband Internet access service customers ("broadband bundle"
subscriptions, in this report) and all the other interconnected VoIP subscriptions that they sell
("standalone" subscriptions).

Second, filers report whether or not interconnected VoIP subscriptions include, as a service
feature, the capability to use the service over any broadband connection to which the customer
has access, for example, at a hotel or vacation residence ("nomadic" functionality).

Third, filers identify the different broadband technologies (for example, cable modem Internet
access service) in the broadband bundle.

The Form 477 data cross-classify the first two of these three sets of information. See Figure 5.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 6

Figure 5

Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features

as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)

Total

Broadband Standalone
Total

Bundle
VoIP

Nomadic 568
2,866
3,434
Not nomadic
26,300
1,941
28,240
Total 26,867
4,807
31,674

ILEC




Nomadic 18
1
19
Not nomadic
2,837
#
2,838
ILEC Total
2,855
2
2,857

Non-ILEC




Nomadic 550
2,865
3,415
Not nomadic
23,462
1,940
25,403
Non-ILEC Total
24,012
4,805
28,817
# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

Bundle, Not

nomadic

Standalone,

99.3%

Nomadic

<0.05%

Bundle, Nomadic

Standalone, Not

0.6%
nomadic
<0.05%



Non-ILEC

Bundle, Not

nomadic
81.4%

Standalone,

Nomadic

9.9%

Bundle, Nomadic

Standalone, Not

1.9%
nomadic
6.7%


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 7

Form 477 collects the third type of information about retail interconnected VoIP service the technology
of the Internet access connection for broadband bundles but not for standalone interconnected VoIP.
See Figure 6.5

Figure 6

Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP

Broadband Bundles as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC
Non-ILEC
Total
DSL or Other Wireline
1,984
1,611
3,595
FTTP 870
183
1,052
Cable Modem
1
21,880
21,881
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
#
46 46
Other 0
292
292
Total 2,855
24,012
26,867
# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

DSL or Other

Wireline

69.5%

FTTP

Terrestrial Fixed

30.5%

Wireless

Cable Modem

<0.05%
<0.05%

Non-ILEC

Cable Modem

91.1%

FTTP

0.8%

DSL or Other

Terrestrial Fixed

Wireline

Other

Wireless

6.7%
1.2%
0.2%

5 Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2010 (September 2011) discusses types of Internet access
connections in greater detail. The report is available at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 8

Switched access lines.

ILECs as a group predominantly deliver retail switched access lines over
copper local loops. This appears also to be the case for those non-ILECs who report retail switched
access lines. See Figure 7.

Figure 7

Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines

as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC Non-ILEC
Total
FTTP 4,743
2,418
7,161
Coaxial Cable
161
2,101
2,262
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
2
47
49
Other (copper local loop)
89,755
17,671
107,426
Total 94,661
22,237
116,898
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

Other

Coaxial Cable

94.8%
0.2%

FTTP

5.0%


Non-ILEC

Terrestrial Fixed

Wireless

Other

0.2%
79.5%

Coaxial Cable

9.4%

FTTP

10.9%


Wholesale relationships for switched access lines.
ILECs typically own the communications facilities
over which they provide retail services. By contrast, CLECs use a range of methods: equipping ILEC
UNE loops ("UNE-L") as CLEC switched access lines,6 reselling services (for example, reselling ILEC

6 CLECs (as opposed to non-ILECs more generally) have certain regulatory rights to obtain ILEC local loops at
cost-based UNE rates, which the CLEC may use to provide retail switched access lines or retail broadband Internet
access connections. See C.F.R. 51.307.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 9

switched access lines obtained at wholesale rates or reselling ILEC lines obtained under commercial
agreements that replaced the UNE-Platform ("UNE-P")), equipping leased ILEC special access circuits as
switched access lines, and equipping local loops that the CLEC owns.

CLECs reported using several methods to provide their 22 million retail switched access lines in
December 2010. They reported providing 36% of lines (or about 8.0 million lines) by reselling
ILEC wholesale or retail services. They reported providing 31% of lines (or about 7.0 million
lines) over ILEC facilities leased at regulated, cost-based rates (that is, as unbundled network
elements, or UNEs). And they provided the remaining 33% of lines (or about 7.3 million lines)
over local loops that they owned. However, the information about wholesale relationships differs
as reported by CLECs and by ILECs, as discussed in Figure 8.

Figure 8

Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs

as of December 31, 2010 (In Thousands)

CLEC ILEC

Difference

Retail Switched

Wholesale Switched

Access Lines

Access Lines and


provisioned over

UNEs provided to


ILEC Services

CLECs

(reported by CLECs)
(reported by ILECs)

Resold ILEC services1

7,983 4,717 3,266

UNE-P2

1,237 53
1,185

UNE-L3

5,722 3,124 2,598

Total ILEC UNEs
6,959
3,177
3,783
Total ILEC services
14,943
7,894
7,049




Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


1 Resold ILEC services include switched access lines made available to CLECs at wholesale rates, resold Centrex,
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), or other ILEC services, ILEC special access circuits channelized to
provide CLEC retail switched access lines, and ILEC switched access lines provided to CLECs under commercial
agreements that replaced UNE-P. (See note 2, below.) Filers are instructed to count the number of voice-grade
channels the retail customer purchased, not the theoretical capacity of the circuit over which the service was delivered.
ILECs generally do not know (and do not report) which ILEC leased special access circuits or other high-capacity
circuits are being used to provide CLEC retail switched access lines (which the CLECs do report).
2 UNE-P was the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE. The Commission directed
CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by UNE-P to an alternative arrangement within 12 months of the
effective data of the Triennial Review Remand Order, that is, by March 11, 2006. See C.F.R. 51.319(d)(2)(ii).
3 ILECs report the number of UNE-L they provide to CLECs but do not convert any high-capacity UNE-L, such as
DS1 UNE loops, into voice-grade equivalents. By contrast, CLECs report the number of switched access lines their
retail customers purchase which the CLEC provisioned over UNE-L obtained from ILECs. Note, however, that a
CLEC might use UNE-L only to provide broadband Internet access connections.





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 10

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables and charts that update and
expand data presented in earlier reports in this series. We present national data first, followed by state-
specific data and, finally, summary statistics of service-provider presence in individual ZIP Codes.7

* * * *
We invite users of this information to provide suggestions for improved analysis of data presented in this
report by using the attached customer response form or by sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov
for subject: December 2010 local telephone data. We encourage users of this information to provide
suggestions for improved data collection by participating in any formal proceedings undertaken by the
Commission to solicit comments for improvement of FCC Form 477.

7 The appropriate interpretation of the ZIP Code-based information is discussed in the Technical Notes at the end of
the report.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 11

Table 1

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions1

(In Thousands)

Provided by

Date

Total

Non-ILEC Share

ILEC

Non-ILEC

Jun 2005
143,758
33,975
177,733
19.1
Dec 2005
143,773
31,388
175,161
17.9
Jun 2006
142,293
29,896
172,189
17.4
Dec 2006
138,834
28,626
167,460
17.1
Jun 2007
134,640
28,729
163,369
17.6
Dec 2007
129,693
28,725
158,418
18.1
Jun 2008
124,606
30,049
154,655
19.4
Dec 2008
118,496
44,267
162,763
27.2
Jun 2009
112,748
44,275
157,023
28.2
Dec 2009
107,019
45,854
152,873
30.0
Jun 2010
102,395
48,481
150,876
32.1
Dec 2010
97,518
51,054
148,572
34.4
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 Mandatory reporting by interconnected VoIP service providers started in December 2008. Previously, individual ILECs and CLECs included
VoIP subscribers in reported switched access lines to a varying and largely unknown degree. Interconnected VoIP is distinguished from VoIP
service more generally by permitting users to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the
public switched telephone network. See 47 C.F.R. 9.3. Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions
as the maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user's location under the purchased service plan.

Chart 1

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

(In Millions)

180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0 Jun 2005 Dec 2005 Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010
Non-ILEC
34.0
31.4
29.9
28.6
28.7
28.7
30.0
44.3
44.3
45.9
48.5
51.1
ILEC
143.8
143.8
142.3
138.8
134.6
129.7
124.6
118.5
112.7
107.0
102.4
97.5

ILEC

Non-ILEC

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 12

Table 2

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type1

(In Thousands)

Reporting ILECs

Reporting Non-ILECs

Date

Business

Residential %

Residential

Residential

Business

% Residential
Jun 2005
95,316
48,442
66.3
16,338
17,637
48.1
Dec 2005
94,393
49,381
65.7
13,873
17,515
44.2
Jun 2006
92,453
49,840
65.0
12,474
17,422
41.7
Dec 2006
89,167
49,667
64.2
12,211
16,415
42.7
Jun 2007
85,633
49,007
63.6
12,117
16,612
42.2
Dec 2007
81,798
47,894
63.1
12,051
16,675
42.0
Jun 2008
77,457
47,149
62.2
12,396
17,654
41.3
Dec 2008
72,786
45,711
61.4
25,049
19,218
56.6
Jun 2009
68,582
44,166
60.8
24,768
19,507
55.9
Dec 2009
64,613
42,405
60.4
26,791
19,064
58.4
Jun 2010
61,579
40,816
60.1
27,899
20,582
57.5
Dec 2010
58,211
39,307
59.7
28,877
22,178
56.6
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 The December 2008 data are the first for which comprehensive reporting of interconnected VoIP subscribers was required. See
footnote 1, Table 1.

Chart 2

Percent of Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers1

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Jun 2005
Dec 2005
Jun 2006
Dec 2006
Jun 2007
Dec 2007
Jun 2008
Dec 2008
Jun 2009
Dec 2009
Jun 2010
Dec 2010
ILECs
66.3%
65.7%
65.0%
64.2%
63.6%
63.1%
62.2%
61.4%
60.8%
60.4%
60.1%
59.7%
Non-ILECs
48.1%
44.2%
41.7%
42.7%
42.2%
42.0%
41.3%
56.6%
55.9%
58.4%
57.5%
56.6%

ILECs

Non-ILECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 13

Table 3

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs1

(Lines and Subscriptions in Thousands)

End-User Switched Access

Lines

Percent

End-User

Acquired from

Reporting

Switched

other LECs

Date

CLEC-

Non-

Access Lines

VoIP

owned

ILECs

and VoIP

CLEC-

Resold

ILEC

local

Resold

ILEC

Subscriptions

owned

LEC

LEC

VoIP

UNEs 2

loops 3

UNEs

local
service
service
loops
Jun 2005
326
33,975
5,826 19,025
9,124
-
17.1
56.0
26.9
-
Dec 2005
382
31,388
6,704 14,521 10,163
-
21.4
46.3
32.4
-
Jun 2006
400
29,896
6,548 12,547 10,802
-
21.9
42.0
36.1
-
Dec 2006
397
28,626
5,819 11,663 11,144
-
20.3
40.7
38.9
-
Jun 2007
406
28,729
6,193 11,511 11,025
-
21.6
40.1
38.4
-
Dec 2007
443
28,725
6,430 10,582 11,713
-
22.4
36.8
40.8
-
Jun 2008
469
30,049
6,073 10,884 13,093
-
20.2
36.2
43.6
-
Dec 2008
705
44,267
7,083
9,612
6,359 21,216
16.0
21.7
14.4 47.9
Jun 2009
719
44,275
6,841
8,461
6,002 22,971
15.5
19.1
13.6 51.9
Dec 2009
754
45,854
7,100
8,029
5,993 24,730
15.5
17.5
13.1 53.9
Jun 2010
786
48,481
8,002
7,509
6,229 26,740
16.5
15.5
12.8 55.2
Dec 2010
804
51,054
7,983
6,959
7,293 28,817
15.6
13.6
14.3 56.4
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Includes unbundled network element (UNE) loops leased from an unaffiliated ILEC on a stand-alone basis and also UNE loops leased
in combination with UNE switching or any other unbundled network element.
3 Lines provided over CLEC-owned "last-mile" facilities.

Chart 3

Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions as of December 30, 2010

Resold LEC service

15.6%

ILEC UNEs

13.6%

VoIP

56.4%

CLEC-owned local

loops
14.3%
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 14

Table 4

ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions, and UNEs1
(Lines, Subscriptions, and UNEs in Thousands)

Switched Access Lines and UNEs Provided to CLECs

End-User

ILEC

UNEs

Reporting

Switched

Total

Date

% of

Total

VoIP

Resold

UNEs &

ILECs2

Access

With

Total

Total

Lines3

Without

Lines

Lines

Resold

Switching Switching4

UNEs

Lines

Lines

Jun 2005
757
164,449
143,758
-
1,796
4,300
14,596
18,895 20,691
12.6
Dec 2005
807
160,881
143,773
-
1,793
4,469
10,846
15,315 17,108
10.6
Jun 2006
805
156,872
142,293
-
1,723
4,413
8,443
12,856 14,579
9.3
Dec 2006
814
151,958
138,834
-
1,613
4,408
7,103
11,511 13,124
8.6
Jun 2007
816
146,672
134,640
-
1,517
4,285
6,230
10,515 12,032
8.2
Dec 2007
805
140,808
129,693
-
1,460
4,122
5,534
9,655 11,115
7.9
Jun 2008
800
134,846
124,606
-
1,473
3,827
4,941
8,768 10,241
7.6
Dec 2008
777
128,288
117,968
529
3,209
3,844
2,740
6,583
9,792
7.6
Jun 2009
778
121,884
111,790
958
3,012
3,580
2,543
6,123
9,136
7.5
Dec 2009
768
116,075
105,824
1,195
2,993
3,668
2,396
6,063
9,056
7.8
Jun 2010
765
110,804
100,433
1,962
5,028
3,254
127
3,381
8,408
7.6
Dec 2010
761
105,412
94,661
2,857
4,717
3,124
53
3,177
7,894
7.5
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Fewer ILECs were counted after mid-year 2007 primarily because FCC staff identified additional common-control relationships.
3 Sum of ILEC-reported end-user (retail) switched access lines, ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and ILEC wholesale switched
access lines and UNEs provided to CLECs.
4 ILEC loops provided with ILEC switching, including the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE,
collectively referred to as the UNE-Platform ("UNE-P"). In the Triennial Review Remand Order, which was adopted on December 15,
2004, the Commission directed CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by these methods to alternative arrangements by March 11,
2006, i.e., within 12 months of the date the order went into effect. See C.F.R. 51.319(d)(2)(ii).

Chart 4

ILEC Total Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs

180,000
14.0%
160,000
12.0%
140,000
10.0%
120,000
100,000
8.0%
80,000
6.0%
60,000
4.0%
40,000
20,000
2.0%
0
0.0%

Jun 2005 Dec 2005 Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010

ILEC Total Lines

Percent Provided to CLECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 15

Table 5

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers1
(In Thousands)

Percent Coaxial

Date

Coaxial Cable2

Other Technology

Total

Cable

Jun 2005
4,571
29,404
33,975
13.5
Dec 2005
5,100
26,287
31,388
16.2
Jun 2006
6,070
23,826
29,896
20.3
Dec 2006
6,751
21,875
28,626
23.6
Jun 2007
7,730
21,000
28,729
26.9
Dec 2007
8,385
20,340
28,725
29.2
Jun 2008
9,352
20,697
30,049
31.1
Dec 2008
20,108
24,158
44,267
45.4
Jun 2009
21,547
22,728
44,275
48.7
Dec 2009
23,168
22,686
45,854
50.5
Jun 2010
24,336
24,145
48,481
50.2
Dec 2010
25,878
25,177
51,054
50.7
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Reported end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP connections that terminate on coaxial cable at the end user's
premises. Starting, systematically, with the December 2008 data, interconnected VoIP service providers report subscriptions they sold
in a bundle with cable modem Internet access service. For December 2008 and later dates, FCC staff used other Form 477 data to
estimate the number of standalone VoIP subscriptions that terminated on coaxial cable at the end user's premises.

Chart 5

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers
(In Thousands)
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0 Jun 2005 Dec 2005 Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010

Coaxial Cable

Other Technology

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 16

Table 6

Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service

RBOC

Other ILEC

ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Jun 2006
59
58
59
85
62
Dec 2006
66
60
65
86
68
Jun 2007
66
61
65
86
68
Dec 2007
66
63
65
87
68
Jun 2008
66
64
66
88
69
Dec 2008
69
65
68
80
69
Jun 2009
70
66
69
80
70
Dec 2009
71
68
70
76
71
Jun 2010
71
68
70
76
71
Dec 2010
69
67
69
77
69

Business

Jun 2006
38
37
38
69
46
Dec 2006
47
39
46
68
51
Jun 2007
49
42
48
72
54
Dec 2007
50
43
49
70
54
Jun 2008
49
44
49
72
55
Dec 2008
44
47
44
70
51
Jun 2009
42
49
43
72
51
Dec 2009
43
48
43
71
51
Jun 2010
43
52
44
73
53
Dec 2010
50
50
50
76
58

Total

Jun 2006
51
52
51
76
56
Dec 2006
59
54
58
76
61
Jun 2007
59
56
59
78
62
Dec 2007
60
57
59
77
63
Jun 2008
60
58
59
79
63
Dec 2008
59
60
59
73
61
Jun 2009
58
61
59
74
61
Dec 2009
59
62
60
72
62
Jun 2010
59
63
60
74
62
Dec 2010
61
62
61
76
64
RBOC is an acronym for Regional Bell Operating Company. They currently are AT&T, Qwest, and Verizon.

Chart 6

Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs

80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%

Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010

Residential

Business

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 17

Table 7

Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines

(In Thousands)

December 31, 2010

RBOC

Other ILEC ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
27,838
10,385
38,223
3,309
41,532
Not Presubscribed
12,465
5,023
17,488
1,007
18,495
All Lines
40,303
15,408
55,710
4,316
60,027
Percent Presubscribed
69%
67%
69%
77%
69%

Business

Presubscribed
16,189
3,430
19,619
13,607
33,226
Not Presubscribed
15,917
3,414
19,331
4,313
23,644
All Lines
32,106
6,844
38,950
17,920
56,871
Percent Presubscribed
50%
50%
50%
76%
58%

Total

Presubscribed
44,027
13,815
57,842
16,916
74,758
Not Presubscribed
28,382
8,437
36,819
5,320
42,140
All Lines
72,409
22,252
94,661
22,237
116,898
Percent Presubscribed
61%
62%
61%
76%
64%

June 30, 2010

RBOC

Other ILEC ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
32,864
9,323
42,186
3,476
45,662
Not Presubscribed
13,379
4,335
17,714
1,088
18,801
All Lines
46,242
13,658
59,900
4,563
64,463
Percent Presubscribed
71%
68%
70%
76%
71%

Business

Presubscribed
14,933
2,968
17,901
12,591
30,491
Not Presubscribed
19,838
2,795
22,633
4,587
27,219
All Lines
34,771
5,762
40,533
17,178
57,711
Percent Presubscribed
43%
52%
44%
73%
53%

Total

Presubscribed
47,796
12,290
60,087
16,067
76,153
Not Presubscribed
33,217
7,130
40,346
5,674
46,021
All Lines
81,013
19,420
100,433
21,741
122,174
Percent Presubscribed
59%
63%
60%
74%
62%
Some data for June 2010 have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
RBOC is an acronym for Regional Bell Operating Company. They currently are AT&T, Qwest, and Verizon.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 18

Table 8

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2010

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Total

Access

Bundled

Total

Access

Bundled

% of Total

Total

Stand-

Stand-

Lines

with

Lines

with
alone
alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
1,417
0
22
1,439
298
73
203
574
2,013
29
Alaska
260
0
0
260
*
1
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
10
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
10
0
Arizona
1,475
1
#
1,476
780
101
373
1,254
2,731
46
Arkansas
841
0
24
865
119
22
108
250
1,115
22
California
13,012
0
443
13,455
2,309
533
2,483
5,325
18,780
28
Colorado
1,473
0
0
1,473
398
91
452
942
2,415
39
Connecticut
1,196
0
72
1,268
210
60
481
751
2,019
37
Delaware
299
0
18
317
65
*
*
173
491
35
District of Columbia
674
0
5
679
122
24
65
210
889
24
Florida
5,586
0
212
5,798
1,148
470
1,808
3,426
9,224
37
Georgia
2,808
#
73
2,881
568
174
546
1,288
4,169
31
Guam
48
0
0
48
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
444
#
1
444
45
5
88
138
583
24
Idaho
455
#
#
455
110
11
55
177
632
28
Illinois
4,117
0
196
4,313
710
256
855
1,821
6,134
30
Indiana
1,984
#
80
2,064
249
86
356
692
2,756
25
Iowa
940
#
#
941
193
127
33
354
1,295
27
Kansas
747
#
26
774
227
31
178
436
1,209
36
Kentucky
1,263
#
8
1,272
236
32
313
581
1,853
31
Louisiana
1,349
0
20
1,369
301
54
264
619
1,988
31
Maine
438
0
0
438
139
14
130
283
721
39
Maryland
2,143
0
119
2,262
395
124
381
899
3,161
28
Massachusetts
1,981
0
84
2,065
959
148
856
1,964
4,028
49
Michigan
2,595
0
162
2,757
489
198
885
1,573
4,330
36
Minnesota
1,586
0
#
1,586
509
89
342
940
2,526
37
Mississippi
806
0
7
813
152
26
89
267
1,079
25
Missouri
1,975
#
80
2,055
260
78
271
609
2,664
23
Montana
327
#
0
327
43
9
65
117
444
26
Nebraska
501
0
#
501
247
18
94
359
860
42
Nevada
750
0
9
759
152
62
261
475
1,234
39
New Hampshire
342
0
0
342
144
40
212
395
737
54
New Jersey
2,785
#
151
2,937
940
169
1,350
2,458
5,395
46
New Mexico
618
0
0
618
76
17
75
168
786
21
New York
5,267
#
148
5,416
2,040
218
2,999
5,256
10,672
49
North Carolina
2,861
0
25
2,886
459
115
750
1,323
4,209
31
North Dakota
213
0
0
213
88
2
39
129
342
38
Northern Mariana Isl.
16
0
0
16
0
0
0
0
16
0
Ohio
3,409
0
106
3,515
605
93
915
1,613
5,128
31
Oklahoma
999
#
23
1,022
319
47
254
621
1,643
38
Oregon
1,003
0
0
1,003
250
58
321
629
1,633
39
Pennsylvania
4,259
#
128
4,387
1,256
232
984
2,472
6,859
36
Puerto Rico
707
0
0
707
*
*
102
234
941
25
Rhode Island
245
0
15
260
259
*
*
353
613
58
South Carolina
1,345
0
22
1,368
307
56
267
630
1,998
32
South Dakota
217
#
0
217
132
4
57
193
410
47
Tennessee
1,827
0
36
1,863
373
87
412
872
2,734
32
Texas
6,968
#
392
7,360
1,145
255
1,116
2,517
9,877
25
Utah
614
0
0
614
179
32
157
368
982
37
Vermont
253
0
0
253
48
*
*
116
369
32
Virgin Islands
58
0
0
58
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
2,728
0
84
2,811
1,077
171
468
1,716
4,528
38
Washington
1,815
0
0
1,815
410
120
687
1,217
3,032
40
West Virginia
628
0
0
628
120
17
131
269
897
30
Wisconsin
1,811
0
63
1,874
312
65
413
791
2,665
30
Wyoming
174
#
#
175
13
7
42
62
237
26
Nationwide
94,661
2
2,855
97,518
22,237
4,805
24,012
51,054
148,572
34
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 19

Table 9

Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2010

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Non-ILEC

State

Switched

Switched

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Lines

with
with
alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
923
0
20
943
100
68
174
342
1,285
27
Alaska
130
0
0
130
*
1
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
5
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5
0
Arizona
883
0
0
883
389
78
269
736
1,619
45
Arkansas
524
0
23
547
17
18
85
120
666
18
California
7,181
0
370
7,551
567
434
1,898
2,899
10,451
28
Colorado
924
0
0
924
16
77
365
457
1,381
33
Connecticut
671
0
67
739
50
51
417
518
1,256
41
Delaware
169
0
17
186
6
*
*
107
293
37
District of Columbia
126
0
2
127
13
12
33
58
185
31
Florida
3,358
0
185
3,543
74
397
1,557
2,027
5,570
36
Georgia
1,647
#
58
1,705
109
155
453
717
2,422
30
Guam
24
0
0
24
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
243
0
0
243
#
5
77
81
325
25
Idaho
287
#
0
287
22
8
45
75
362
21
Illinois
2,154
0
173
2,328
75
230
721
1,025
3,353
31
Indiana
1,211
0
75
1,285
66
76
320
462
1,747
26
Iowa
620
0
#
620
77
123
9
210
830
25
Kansas
429
#
24
453
96
23
134
253
706
36
Kentucky
795
#
7
802
114
23
214
351
1,152
30
Louisiana
806
0
17
824
103
47
214
364
1,188
31
Maine
322
0
0
322
12
12
123
147
469
31
Maryland
1,145
0
110
1,254
69
97
340
506
1,760
29
Massachusetts
1,070
0
74
1,144
62
131
796
989
2,133
46
Michigan
1,391
0
145
1,536
135
183
834
1,152
2,688
43
Minnesota
1,094
0
0
1,094
91
83
290
465
1,560
30
Mississippi
493
0
5
499
47
24
84
154
653
24
Missouri
1,238
#
74
1,312
35
69
217
321
1,633
20
Montana
210
#
0
210
13
8
51
72
282
26
Nebraska
286
0
0
286
112
14
64
191
476
40
Nevada
428
0
8
436
4
52
217
273
709
38
New Hampshire
228
0
0
228
4
35
198
237
465
51
New Jersey
1,516
#
133
1,649
83
147
1,163
1,393
3,043
46
New Mexico
406
0
0
406
8
15
56
79
485
16
New York
2,962
#
126
3,088
236
170
2,597
3,003
6,091
49
North Carolina
1,790
0
22
1,812
49
100
681
830
2,641
31
North Dakota
144
0
0
144
45
2
33
80
225
36
Northern Mariana Isl.
8
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
8
0
Ohio
2,098
0
88
2,186
160
70
837
1,067
3,253
33
Oklahoma
609
#
22
631
174
37
201
411
1,042
39
Oregon
676
0
0
676
15
50
286
350
1,026
34
Pennsylvania
2,791
0
115
2,906
142
199
897
1,238
4,144
30
Puerto Rico
515
0
0
515
*
*
86
100
615
16
Rhode Island
149
0
14
164
101
*
*
175
339
52
South Carolina
881
0
17
897
79
45
225
348
1,246
28
South Dakota
136
#
0
136
84
4
44
132
268
49
Tennessee
1,175
0
31
1,206
85
79
338
502
1,707
29
Texas
3,947
#
347
4,294
141
209
973
1,323
5,618
24
Utah
382
0
0
382
19
28
131
178
560
32
Vermont
179
0
0
179
6
*
*
69
248
28
Virgin Islands
37
0
0
37
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
1,559
0
71
1,630
210
127
368
706
2,335
30
Washington
1,168
0
0
1,168
41
108
627
775
1,943
40
West Virginia
433
0
0
433
12
15
123
150
583
26
Wisconsin
1,046
0
58
1,104
60
58
397
514
1,618
32
Wyoming
88
#
#
89
4
6
35
45
134
34
Nationwide
55,710
1
2,500
58,211
4,316
4,067
20,493
28,877
87,088
33
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 20

Table 10

Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2010

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Non-ILEC

State

Switched

Switched

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Lines

with
with
alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
494
0
2
496
198
5
29
232
728
32%
Alaska
130
0
0
130
*
#
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
5
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5


0
Arizona
592
1
#
594
391
23
105
518
1,112
47
Arkansas
317
0
1
318
103
4
24
130
448
29
California
5,831
0
73
5,904
1,743
98
585
2,426
8,329
29
Colorado
549
0
0
549
383
15
87
484
1,034
47
Connecticut
525
0
5
530
160
9
64
233
763
31
Delaware
130
0
1
131
60
*
*
66
197
34
District of Columbia
548
0
4
552
109
12
32
152
704
22
Florida
2,228
0
27
2,255
1,074
73
252
1,399
3,654
38
Georgia
1,161
0
15
1,176
459
19
93
571
1,747
33
Guam
23
0
0
23
*
0
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
200
#
1
201
45
#
12
57
258
22
Idaho
168
#
#
168
89
2
11
102
270
38
Illinois
1,963
0
22
1,985
635
27
134
796
2,781
29
Indiana
774
#
5
779
184
11
36
230
1,009
23
Iowa
320
#
#
320
116
4
24
144
465
31
Kansas
318
0
2
320
131
7
44
183
503
36
Kentucky
468
#
2
470
122
9
100
230
701
33
Louisiana
543
0
2
545
197
8
50
255
800
32
Maine
116
0
0
116
127
2
7
136
252
54
Maryland
998
0
9
1,007
326
27
41
393
1,401
28
Massachusetts
911
0
10
921
898
17
60
975
1,896
51
Michigan
1,204
0
17
1,221
354
15
51
420
1,641
26
Minnesota
491
0
#
491
418
6
51
475
966
49
Mississippi
313
0
1
314
105
2
5
113
426
26
Missouri
737
0
6
743
225
9
54
288
1,031
28
Montana
117
0
0
117
30
2
13
45
162
28
Nebraska
215
0
#
215
134
4
30
168
383
44
Nevada
322
0
1
323
149
10
44
202
525
39
New Hampshire
115
0
0
115
139
4
14
158
273
58
New Jersey
1,269
0
18
1,287
856
22
187
1,065
2,352
45
New Mexico
212
0
0
212
67
3
19
89
301
30
New York
2,305
0
22
2,327
1,804
48
402
2,253
4,581
49
North Carolina
1,071
0
4
1,074
410
15
69
494
1,568
31
North Dakota
69
0
0
69
43
#
6
49
118
42
Northern Mariana Isl.
8
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
8


0
Ohio
1,311
0
18
1,329
445
22
78
546
1,874
29
Oklahoma
389
0
1
391
146
11
54
211
601
35
Oregon
327
0
0
327
235
8
36
279
607
46
Pennsylvania
1,469
#
12
1,481
1,114
33
88
1,234
2,715
45
Puerto Rico
192
0
0
192
*
*
17
134
326
41
Rhode Island
96
0
1
97
157
*
*
178
275
65
South Carolina
464
0
6
470
229
11
42
282
752
38
South Dakota
81
0
0
81
48
#
13
61
142
43
Tennessee
652
0
5
657
288
8
74
370
1,027
36
Texas
3,021
#
45
3,066
1,004
46
143
1,193
4,259
28
Utah
232
0
0
232
159
5
26
190
422
45
Vermont
73
0
0
73
43
*
*
47
121
39
Virgin Islands
21
0
0
21
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
1,169
0
13
1,182
867
44
100
1,011
2,192
46
Washington
647
0
0
647
369
12
61
442
1,089
41
West Virginia
195
0
0
195
108
3
8
119
314
38
Wisconsin
765
0
5
770
252
8
17
277
1,047
26
Wyoming
86
0
0
86
9
1
7
17
103
17
Nationwide
38,950
1
355
39,307
17,920
738
3,519
22,178
61,485
36
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 21

Table 11

Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
16 %
13 %
13 %
14 %
16 %
21 %
21 %
24 %
28 %
29 %
Alaska
26
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
30
32
33
34
37
40
40
42
44
46
Arkansas
12
13
14
14
14
18
19
20
21
22
California
13
14
14
14
15
22
23
25
27
28
Colorado
19
17
17
16
19
31
32
34
36
39
Connecticut
12
12
13
14
15
29
31
33
35
37
Delaware
18
18
19
17
18
30
31
32
34
35
District of Columbia
14
14
14
14
15
20
20
21
21
24
Florida
15
13
13
13
14
27
28
31
36
37
Georgia
19
14
16
16
17
25
26
27
30
31
Guam
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
9
11
13
16
18
18
19
21
22
24
Idaho
11
10
11
11
11
17
17
19
25
28
Illinois
15
15
14
14
14
24
24
25
27
30
Indiana
10
10
9
9
11
18
19
20
23
25
Iowa
15
16
17
18
19
22
22
24
26
27
Kansas
24
23
25
26
28
31
31
32
34
36
Kentucky
16
15
16
19
18
25
27
28
28
31
Louisiana
18
16
17
18
21
23
24
27
29
31
Maine
16
16
17
20
24
30
33
36
38
39
Maryland
16
15
15
14
15
25
26
27
29
28
Massachusetts
24
24
23
24
25
39
40
42
44
49
Michigan
18
17
18
19
20
29
30
32
34
36
Minnesota
23
22
24
23
22
31
32
34
36
37
Mississippi
13
10
10
10
11
16
17
20
23
25
Missouri
13
13
14
14
15
18
18
20
22
23
Montana
12
14
16
18
19
21
22
23
24
26
Nebraska
27
28
29
30
31
34
35
38
39
42
Nevada
17
15
24
22
26
30
31
33
36
39
New Hampshire
24
23
23
23
25
42
45
49
51
54
New Jersey
17
18
17
17
18
34
36
38
40
46
New Mexico
8
8
8
8
9
14
15
17
19
21
New York
27
27
28
29
31
41
42
44
46
49
North Carolina
16
16
18
19
20
24
25
27
30
31
North Dakota
20
21
21
22
24
32
31
35
36
38
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
15
16
18
20
23
25
26
28
29
31
Oklahoma
20
21
23
25
27
30
30
34
35
38
Oregon
16
17
18
18
18
31
32
34
36
39
Pennsylvania
20
19
20
20
21
30
30
32
34
36
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
19
22
25
22
26
25
Rhode Island
43
46
47
48
50
52
53
54
54
58
South Carolina
15
14
16
17
19
23
24
26
30
32
South Dakota
33
30
30
31
32
36
36
44
45
47
Tennessee
18
15
16
17
18
25
25
28
30
32
Texas
16
17
16
17
18
22
22
23
24
25
Utah
24
21
22
20
21
26
32
34
35
37
Vermont
12
12
12
12
13
24
23
27
29
32
Virgin Islands
*
0
0
0
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
21
22
22
23
23
31
32
34
35
38
Washington
14
14
15
14
16
30
32
35
37
40
West Virginia
12
13
13
14
16
22
24
27
29
30
Wisconsin
19
20
21
23
24
26
26
27
27
30
Wyoming
14
15
17
18
19
21
21
22
24
26
Nationwide
17 %
17 %
18 %
18 %
19 %
27 %
28 %
30 %
32 %
34 %
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not available. Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 22

Table 12

Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
366
301
298
315
352
463
452
493
573
574
Alaska
116
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
970
1,018
1,043
1,071
1,129
1,227
1,170
1,189
1,245
1,254
Arkansas
163
166
178
173
175
220
224
230
248
250
California
2,900
3,046
2,898
2,984
3,101
4,607
4,753
4,845
5,140
5,325
Colorado
529
452
425
395
449
847
823
835
893
942
Connecticut
262
261
261
265
291
630
644
680
706
751
Delaware
102
100
99
85
85
166
165
165
173
173
District of Columbia
145
144
137
131
136
183
179
190
183
210
Florida
1,618
1,340
1,298
1,265
1,276
2,748
2,734
2,903
3,435
3,426
Georgia
909
655
730
725
764
1,174
1,132
1,169
1,314
1,288
Guam
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
61
74
88
103
115
114
117
125
128
138
Idaho
81
76
78
75
79
123
116
123
159
177
Illinois
1,139
1,075
950
909
875
1,667
1,610
1,630
1,653
1,821
Indiana
338
335
293
284
313
565
562
592
649
692
Iowa
230
238
251
269
273
309
310
322
344
354
Kansas
347
327
349
358
375
419
413
408
429
436
Kentucky
337
313
328
371
331
497
508
521
520
581
Louisiana
394
358
363
383
449
491
507
539
586
619
Maine
135
123
135
150
181
233
250
274
282
283
Maryland
591
552
527
475
479
868
889
909
952
899
Massachusetts
979
928
865
844
871
1,602
1,589
1,641
1,692
1,964
Michigan
993
883
923
893
927
1,458
1,449
1,499
1,515
1,573
Minnesota
676
641
659
613
572
877
862
904
926
940
Mississippi
161
125
125
112
122
184
184
214
253
267
Missouri
426
403
436
448
471
523
518
553
597
609
Montana
62
72
82
93
96
101
103
104
109
117
Nebraska
244
249
258
265
274
299
302
332
330
359
Nevada
246
219
356
307
372
420
410
415
450
475
New Hampshire
196
182
171
165
167
347
351
376
388
395
New Jersey
994
977
897
859
866
1,946
1,984
2,001
2,103
2,458
New Mexico
77
75
77
73
75
123
128
138
157
168
New York
3,043
2,942
2,868
2,941
3,125
4,563
4,574
4,705
4,790
5,256
North Carolina
798
768
846
888
953
1,101
1,137
1,199
1,324
1,323
North Dakota
68
70
71
71
76
113
104
123
126
129
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
963
962
1,069
1,171
1,365
1,473
1,448
1,490
1,547
1,613
Oklahoma
362
387
420
445
474
521
504
570
572
621
Oregon
306
318
325
308
300
575
562
581
614
629
Pennsylvania
1,572
1,437
1,521
1,407
1,423
2,205
2,157
2,197
2,317
2,472
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
186
210
234
170
244
234
Rhode Island
276
287
291
290
301
317
311
311
308
353
South Carolina
330
321
349
369
399
478
497
535
621
630
South Dakota
135
119
117
119
124
140
136
183
188
193
Tennessee
576
465
483
510
523
756
725
790
859
872
Texas
1,906
1,969
1,859
1,944
1,919
2,387
2,352
2,365
2,443
2,517
Utah
282
245
242
212
211
274
340
351
359
368
Vermont
49
48
47
47
47
90
91
102
110
116
Virgin Islands
*
0
0
0
0
*
#
*
*
*
Virginia
1,047
1,032
1,048
1,034
1,043
1,443
1,475
1,563
1,585
1,716
Washington
506
479
480
428
471
1,031
1,023
1,092
1,157
1,217
West Virginia
117
119
121
132
141
196
214
235
248
269
Wisconsin
612
653
684
709
744
770
755
771
728
791
Wyoming
39
44
46
48
51
54
53
54
58
62
Total
29,896
28,626
28,729
28,725
30,049
44,267
44,275
45,854
48,481
51,054
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 23

Table 13

ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
1,979
2,016
1,982
1,991
1,861
1,746
1,665
1,579
1,506
1,439
Alaska
325
321
318
301
294
289
282
273
271
260
American Samoa
11
11
11
10
11
10
10
10
10
10
Arizona
2,227
2,175
2,109
2,035
1,943
1,847
1,741
1,649
1,563
1,476
Arkansas
1,193
1,164
1,132
1,105
1,069
1,021
982
941
904
865
California
19,479
18,926
18,485
17,864
17,149
16,345
15,555
14,796
14,118
13,455
Colorado
2,276
2,207
2,133
2,057
1,973
1,873
1,758
1,656
1,569
1,473
Connecticut
1,928
1,849
1,785
1,681
1,632
1,540
1,463
1,389
1,326
1,268
Delaware
468
450
432
414
396
380
363
344
331
317
District of Columbia
892
855
832
797
788
737
714
697
680
679
Florida
9,013
8,975
8,708
8,356
7,932
7,440
6,918
6,491
6,138
5,798
Georgia
3,844
4,045
3,957
3,824
3,675
3,468
3,304
3,156
3,011
2,881
Guam
68
68
67
66
62
54
51
49
48
48
Hawaii
608
584
562
541
516
512
489
473
455
444
Idaho
666
664
651
628
609
582
550
514
486
455
Illinois
6,354
6,154
5,976
5,773
5,562
5,342
5,086
4,812
4,581
4,313
Indiana
3,080
2,971
2,875
2,766
2,665
2,547
2,434
2,300
2,186
2,064
Iowa
1,302
1,273
1,245
1,200
1,162
1,113
1,077
1,024
987
941
Kansas
1,100
1,074
1,046
1,012
977
939
899
858
820
774
Kentucky
1,732
1,725
1,684
1,616
1,542
1,458
1,387
1,352
1,317
1,272
Louisiana
1,800
1,825
1,801
1,759
1,710
1,634
1,561
1,489
1,426
1,369
Maine
692
669
649
611
579
542
519
482
463
438
Maryland
3,166
3,079
2,984
2,886
2,792
2,588
2,520
2,403
2,333
2,262
Massachusetts
3,076
2,927
2,830
2,712
2,609
2,493
2,369
2,238
2,149
2,065
Michigan
4,491
4,303
4,118
3,895
3,719
3,514
3,323
3,113
2,952
2,757
Minnesota
2,273
2,210
2,137
2,078
2,006
1,922
1,826
1,725
1,666
1,586
Mississippi
1,089
1,108
1,091
1,035
1,018
963
922
879
848
813
Missouri
2,842
2,778
2,722
2,650
2,568
2,465
2,367
2,259
2,162
2,055
Montana
460
445
435
416
406
387
371
351
342
327
Nebraska
661
644
628
624
606
584
564
543
521
501
Nevada
1,233
1,200
1,158
1,106
1,042
972
911
856
809
759
New Hampshire
624
598
575
546
507
470
435
385
366
342
New Jersey
4,784
4,543
4,354
4,137
3,936
3,734
3,519
3,288
3,112
2,937
New Mexico
877
860
834
816
783
754
713
682
651
618
New York
8,297
7,900
7,417
7,068
6,902
6,557
6,234
5,900
5,653
5,416
North Carolina
4,060
4,067
3,973
3,847
3,715
3,519
3,335
3,189
3,045
2,886
North Dakota
272
267
261
253
248
241
233
224
220
213
Northern Mariana Isl.
21
21
19
18
18
17
17
16
16
16
Ohio
5,368
5,168
4,973
4,763
4,537
4,326
4,124
3,914
3,719
3,515
Oklahoma
1,470
1,425
1,375
1,321
1,267
1,215
1,169
1,117
1,070
1,022
Oregon
1,627
1,562
1,502
1,429
1,359
1,286
1,210
1,140
1,080
1,003
Pennsylvania
6,385
6,175
5,953
5,775
5,494
5,243
5,029
4,771
4,571
4,387
Puerto Rico
1,035
994
916
809
786
755
698
610
706
707
Rhode Island
363
340
327
312
302
292
281
270
264
260
South Carolina
1,908
1,909
1,866
1,798
1,728
1,629
1,561
1,488
1,429
1,368
South Dakota
280
278
276
268
261
251
244
233
227
217
Tennessee
2,676
2,695
2,618
2,537
2,436
2,297
2,170
2,061
1,962
1,863
Texas
9,958
9,738
9,608
9,329
9,020
8,673
8,307
7,999
7,678
7,360
Utah
915
894
864
844
811
776
725
690
657
614
Vermont
370
362
355
340
323
289
299
280
265
253
Virgin Islands
69
68
67
64
62
61
59
57
59
58
Virginia
3,844
3,734
3,642
3,540
3,422
3,265
3,160
3,050
2,944
2,811
Washington
2,994
2,868
2,762
2,643
2,509
2,367
2,211
2,071
1,962
1,815
West Virginia
852
828
806
780
752
714
677
637
606
628
Wisconsin
2,670
2,605
2,516
2,422
2,336
2,246
2,156
2,051
1,970
1,874
Wyoming
245
238
233
225
218
209
200
190
183
175
Total
142,293
138,834
134,640
129,693
124,606
118,496
112,748
107,019
102,395
97,518
Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 24

Table 14

Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State

as of December 31, 2010
(In Thousands)

CLEC-owned local

State

Resold LEC service

ILEC UNEs

loops

VoIP Subscriptions1

Total

Alabama
83
124
91
276
574
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
166
118
496
475
1,254
Arkansas
30
22
67
131
250
California
1,218
453
638
3,016
5,325
Colorado
165
168
67
543
942
Connecticut
48
62
99
541
751
Delaware
33
30
2
108
173
District of Columbia
61
23
37
89
210
Florida
370
504
275
2,279
3,426
Georgia
137
292
139
720
1,288
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
25
3
17
94
138
Idaho
21
28
62
66
177
Illinois
283
273
153
1,111
1,821
Indiana
73
78
98
442
692
Iowa
59
40
94
161
354
Kansas
73
41
113
209
436
Kentucky
66
71
100
345
581
Louisiana
104
97
100
318
619
Maine
26
60
53
144
283
Maryland
187
127
80
504
899
Massachusetts
330
230
400
1,004
1,964
Michigan
116
303
70
1,083
1,573
Minnesota
116
258
135
431
940
Mississippi
65
45
43
115
267
Missouri
90
113
59
349
609
Montana
7
11
25
74
117
Nebraska
72
7
167
112
359
Nevada
81
34
37
323
475
New Hampshire
43
68
34
251
395
New Jersey
440
161
339
1,519
2,458
New Mexico
38
13
25
92
168
New York
879
550
611
3,217
5,256
North Carolina
138
178
143
864
1,323
North Dakota
5
16
67
41
129
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
166
208
230
1,007
1,613
Oklahoma
110
64
146
302
621
Oregon
50
149
51
379
629
Pennsylvania
440
356
460
1,216
2,472
Puerto Rico
17
*
*
*
234
Rhode Island
31
24
203
95
353
South Carolina
107
124
75
323
630
South Dakota
5
1
125
61
193
Tennessee
134
120
119
499
872
Texas
431
455
258
1,371
2,517
Utah
59
82
37
189
368
Vermont
13
26
9
68
116
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
*
*
Virginia
558
195
324
639
1,716
Washington
126
192
91
807
1,217
West Virginia
25
76
19
149
269
Wisconsin
53
210
49
479
791
Wyoming
6
3
4
49
62
Total
7,983
6,959
7,293
28,817
51,054
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 25

Table 15

Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

Provided to Residential Customers by State as of December 31, 2010

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total

Alabama
66%
60%
64%
Alaska
50
*
*
American Samoa
50
NA
50
Arizona
60
59
59
Arkansas
63
48
60
California
56
54
56
Colorado
63
49
57
Connecticut
58
69
62
Delaware
59
62
60
District of Columbia
19
28
21
Florida
61
59
60
Georgia
59
56
58
Guam
50
*
*
Hawaii
55
59
56
Idaho
63
42
57
Illinois
54
56
55
Indiana
62
67
63
Iowa
66
59
64
Kansas
59
58
58
Kentucky
63
60
62
Louisiana
60
59
60
Maine
74
52
65
Maryland
55
56
56
Massachusetts
55
50
53
Michigan
56
73
62
Minnesota
69
49
62
Mississippi
61
58
61
Missouri
64
53
61
Montana
64
62
64
Nebraska
57
53
55
Nevada
57
57
57
New Hampshire
67
60
63
New Jersey
56
57
56
New Mexico
66
47
62
New York
57
57
57
North Carolina
63
63
63
North Dakota
68
62
66
Northern Mariana Isl.
50
NA
50
Ohio
62
66
63
Oklahoma
62
66
63
Oregon
67
56
63
Pennsylvania
66
50
60
Puerto Rico
73
43
65
Rhode Island
63
50
55
South Carolina
66
55
62
South Dakota
63
68
65
Tennessee
65
58
62
Texas
58
53
57
Utah
62
48
57
Vermont
71
59
67
Virgin Islands
64
*
*
Virginia
58
41
52
Washington
64
64
64
West Virginia
69
56
65
Wisconsin
59
65
61
Wyoming
51
73
57
Nationwide
60
57
59
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not applicable.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 26

Table 16

Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State

as of December 31, 2010

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total1

VoIP Providers2

Alabama
21
108
122
77
Alaska
16
15
30
13
American Samoa
1
0
1
0
Arizona
15
108
120
86
Arkansas
20
79
96
57
California
15
164
175
125
Colorado
26
115
139
92
Connecticut
2
83
83
66
Delaware
1
70
71
51
District of Columbia
1
80
81
58
Florida
10
193
198
131
Georgia
27
155
174
111
Guam
1
4
5
3
Hawaii
2
36
38
30
Idaho
20
67
83
52
Illinois
43
161
195
113
Indiana
29
123
144
83
Iowa
135
107
215
57
Kansas
38
97
123
65
Kentucky
18
115
123
77
Louisiana
11
95
100
62
Maine
7
59
63
38
Maryland
2
113
113
80
Massachusetts
4
105
107
80
Michigan
26
114
132
81
Minnesota
49
110
143
69
Mississippi
13
96
103
66
Missouri
32
105
130
78
Montana
19
59
72
44
Nebraska
32
69
92
48
Nevada
12
85
96
68
New Hampshire
6
70
76
54
New Jersey
4
128
130
98
New Mexico
17
73
85
52
New York
26
143
159
106
North Carolina
19
135
146
97
North Dakota
23
50
67
29
Northern Mariana Isl
1
0
1
0
Ohio
33
133
157
97
Oklahoma
39
89
123
60
Oregon
24
97
117
74
Pennsylvania
23
137
152
102
Puerto Rico
1
18
18
17
Rhode Island
1
58
59
43
South Carolina
17
112
117
75
South Dakota
29
50
70
36
Tennessee
18
119
131
83
Texas
52
179
212
117
Utah
12
77
87
61
Vermont
7
56
62
42
Virgin Islands
1
1
2
1
Virginia
15
119
130
94
Washington
17
117
130
94
West Virginia
6
66
69
50
Wisconsin
40
113
139
68
Wyoming
11
57
63
40
Nationwide
761
804
1,354
466
1 Holding companies or common-control entities that report both ILEC and non-ILEC operations in a state are counted once in the ILECs column
and once in the Non-ILECs column and once is Total column for that state. Either type of operations might report interconnected VoIP
subscribers.
2 The providers reporting interconnected VoIP subscribers in a state are a subset of the ILECs and non-ILECs in that state.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 27

Table 17

Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers

Dec 2010

Subscribers (In Thousands)

State

%
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Carriers Resold 1 Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
11
13 %
3,276
3,375
3,605
3,765
3,887
3,960
4,003
4,228
4,211
4,328
Alaska
12
5
397
412
432
460
480
383
544
586
590
608
American
Samoa
2

*
* * * * * * * * * *
Arizona
11
6
4,153
4,405
4,637
4,800
4,936
4,983
5,005
5,101
5,268
5,285
Arkansas
8
17
1,924
2,044
2,149
2,288
2,446
2,530
2,576
2,519
2,485
2,673
California
12
5
27,497
29,717
30,204
32,247
31,946
32,177
32,215
32,938
33,548
33,839
Colorado
13
9
3,428
3,608
3,756
3,968
4,066
4,311
4,357
4,503
4,647
4,687
Connecticut
8
7
2,582
2,705
2,787
2,884
2,959
3,030
3,047
3,123
3,192
3,230
Delaware
9
8
650
683
724
751
775
778
779
803
859
851
District of Columbia
8
8
879
880
966
936
1,047
1,096
1,116
1,183
1,227
1,249
Florida
11
9
14,177
14,762
15,255
15,605
15,809
16,158
16,425
16,744
16,895
17,251
Georgia
13
11
6,865
7,282
7,598
7,941
8,142
8,322
8,562
8,863
8,869
9,063
Guam
2

*
* * * * * * * * * *
Hawaii
7
4
1,010
1,035
1,067
1,096
1,115
1,184
1,196
1,216
1,248
1,252
Idaho
15
6
901
973
1,019
1,086
1,125
1,167
1,180
1,221
1,269
1,277
Illinois
15
9
9,148
9,589
9,949
10,330
10,634
10,919
11,070
11,523
11,604
12,057
Indiana
12
10
3,973
4,271
4,448
4,675
4,824
4,956
4,983
5,205
5,289
5,410
Iowa
72
8
1,867
2,010
2,058
2,166
2,245
2,319
2,336
2,432
2,466
2,535
Kansas
15
13
1,905
2,047
2,133
2,261
2,326
2,421
2,430
2,466
2,491
2,560
Kentucky
12
11
2,821
2,966
3,101
3,291
3,343
3,445
3,439
3,631
3,654
3,726
Louisiana
12
13
3,356
3,492
3,612
3,765
3,896
4,012
4,053
3,993
3,953
4,340
Maine
8
21
787
845
882
941
972
1,012
1,006
1,065
1,040
1,124
Maryland
10
7
4,471
4,691
4,818
5,024
5,124
5,234
5,260
5,323
5,500
5,560
Massachusetts
8
9
4,917
5,129
5,289
5,470
5,624
5,749
6,027
6,171
6,367
6,316
Michigan
11
13
6,863
7,094
7,333
7,608
7,821
8,027
8,171
8,576
8,690
8,861
Minnesota
11
9
3,543
3,702
3,834
4,048
4,164
4,345
4,254
4,439
4,611
4,704
Mississippi
10
11
1,923
2,030
2,070
2,196
2,252
2,312
2,361
2,345
2,322
2,440
Missouri
13
10
4,068
4,322
4,480
4,674
4,835
4,940
4,985
5,129
5,141
5,309
Montana
11
11
575
620
650
694
723
748
707
802
783
846
Nebraska
11
7
1,199
1,272
1,325
1,387
1,451
1,496
1,508
1,515
1,566
1,523
Nevada
12
9
1,883
1,990
2,093
2,167
2,249
2,268
2,325
2,393
2,417
2,453
New Hampshire
9
12
897
943
973
1,022
1,045
1,080
1,075
1,125
1,141
1,170
New Jersey
9
6
6,954
7,207
7,419
7,654
7,834
8,008
8,036
8,158
8,624
8,601
New Mexico
10
6
1,253
1,333
1,416
1,489
1,555
1,536
1,550
1,624
1,668
1,689
New York
11
9
14,574
15,262
15,901
16,395
17,260
16,702
18,193
18,882
19,303
19,504
North Carolina
13
11
6,209
6,627
6,962
7,306
7,428
8,024
8,193
8,108
8,259
8,526
North Dakota
11
7
457
473
492
513
541
581
562
618
590
623
Northern
Mariana
Isl.
2

*
* * * * * * * * * *
Ohio
12
12
7,939
8,380
8,723
9,099
9,357
9,565
9,456
10,059
10,236
10,511
Oklahoma
17
7
2,317
2,480
2,572
2,723
2,808
2,889
2,988
3,077
3,109
3,188
Oregon
11
8
2,484
2,656
2,781
2,923
3,007
3,084
3,112
3,235
3,297
3,340
Pennsylvania
14
11
8,349
8,831
9,201
9,615
9,895
10,214
10,455
10,867
11,070
11,424
Puerto Rico
6
6
2,171
2,301
2,323
2,411
2,502
2,624
2,706
2,807
2,879
3,014
Rhode Island
7
7
765
798
829
848
874
888
880
893
906
920
South Carolina
15
11
3,001
3,209
3,340
3,500
3,573
3,323
3,374
3,896
3,848
3,960
South Dakota
9
9
514
548
570
596
611
631
613
681
681
728
Tennessee
13
11
4,731
5,127
4,971
5,246
5,791
5,518
5,676
5,914
6,041
6,193
Texas
25
7
16,928
17,822
18,792
19,677
20,390
21,008
21,403
21,849
22,201
23,037
Utah
13
5
1,649
1,775
1,874
1,971
2,046
2,095
2,109
2,166
2,220
2,251
Vermont
6
16
334
358
375
402
421
435
398
463
431
485
Virgin
Islands
3

*
* * * * * * * * * *
Virginia
11
9
5,325
5,607
6,148
6,416
6,242
6,856
6,596
7,250
7,440
7,595
Washington
11
7
4,495
4,799
5,035
5,292
5,461
5,624
5,671
5,816
5,965
6,022
West Virginia
11
20
965
1,040
1,095
1,173
1,236
1,295
1,315
1,401
1,406
1,500
Wisconsin
13
11
3,517
3,510
3,641
3,842
3,966
4,265
4,317
4,546
4,599
4,704
Wyoming
12
9
359
387
410
441
457
484
429
517
501
526
Nationwide
181
9 %
217,418
229,619
238,316
249,332
255,729
261,284
265,332
274,283
278,918
285,125
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Some data for June 2009, December 2009, and June 2010 have been revised.
1 Percentage of mobile telephony subscribers purchasing their service subscriptions from a mobile wireless reseller.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 28

Table 18

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

Number of

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Zero
17.7 %
17.7 %
17.7 %
19.4 %
18.3 %
7.7 %
8.7 %
9.3 %
7.1 %
6.9 %
One
11.3
11.1
11.1
11.7
11.6
9.2
10.1
10.1
8.7
8.6
Two
7.8
8.2
8.3
8.3
8.6
7.8
7.9
7.6
7.4
7.6
Three
6.2
6.7
6.7
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.3
Four
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.0
5.0
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.5
Five
4.2
4.4
4.4
3.9
4.1
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.7
5.0
Six
3.5
3.8
3.8
3.5
3.5
4.2
4.0
3.8
4.2
4.2
Seven
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
Eight
2.9
3.0
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.4
3.5
Nine
2.8
2.7
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.0
Ten or More
35.3
34.0
33.5
33.1
33.6
44.7
44.0
44.0
46.6
45.7

Table 19

Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Number of

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Zero
2.3 %
2.4 %
2.4 %
2.8 %
2.6 %
0.4 %
0.5 %
0.6 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
One
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.6
2.4
0.9
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.8
Two
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.4
2.4
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.1
Three
2.2
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.4
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.2
Four
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.2
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.3
Five
2.0
2.4
2.5
2.2
2.2
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
Six
1.9
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
Seven
2.2
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.5
Eight
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.8
2.8
1.7
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.8
Nine
2.7
2.5
2.8
2.8
2.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.5
Ten or More
77.4
76.1
75.8
75.0
75.9
86.6
86.2
86.1
87.9
87.4
Demographic data were created by geographically merging contemporaneous Tele Atlas Dynamap ZIP Code Boundary and Inventory Files
with census block-level population data from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 A holding company or common-control entity that reports both CLEC end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscribers in a
state reports a single list of ZIP Codes in which it has any such customers and is counted once in each listed ZIP Code.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 29

Table 20

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State

as of December 31, 2010

Number of Providers

State

One -

Ten or

Zero

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Three

More

Alabama
4 %
14 %
4 %
4 %
3 %
4 %
3 %
3 %
59 %
Alaska
57
28
3
4
2
3
1
0
0
Arizona
6
12
5
2
4
4
3
2
61
Arkansas
15
43
8
5
4
3
3
1
17
California
2
11
3
4
3
2
3
3
69
Colorado
10
25
4
4
3
2
3
2
48
Connecticut
0
7
3
7
7
4
9

6
56
Delaware
0
2
2
2
3
3
7

2
80
District of Columbia
0
12
0
0
0
0
0

0
88
Florida
0
3
3
2
2
2
2

3
85
Georgia
2
18
6
4
4
4
3

3
56
Hawaii
2
22
8
6
7
6
10

3
37
Idaho
10
39
9
6
6
4
2

3
22
Illinois
6
26
10
7
5
4
3

1
39
Indiana
3
15
8
8
6
6
6

4
44
Iowa
25
43
7
5
5
2
1

1
11
Kansas
14
40
6
5
4
4
3

3
21
Kentucky
6
26
6
6
5
6
6

4
34
Louisiana
4
16
4
5
3
5
4

3
56
Maine
6
24
8
9
7
7
8

5
26
Maryland
0
3
3
4
4
5
4

3
74
Massachusetts
0
3
2
1
2
3
2

3
83
Michigan
1
12
5
5
5
6
4

6
55
Minnesota
12
39
6
5
3
2
3

2
28
Mississippi
1
7
5
3
4
4
4

4
66
Missouri
17
36
6
5
4
3
3

2
26
Montana
38
38
5
1
1
3
2

2
10
Nebraska
15
52
6
6
2
2
2

2
12
Nevada
9
17
5
5
5
2
1

4
53
New Hampshire
1
2
6
10
6
7
8

5
55
New Jersey
0
0
0
1
1
2
1

1
93
New Mexico
17
39
9
5
4
2
2

1
21
New York
1
13
5
4
5
3
5

5
60
North Carolina
1
13
5
5
6
4
4

3
58
North Dakota
28
62
2
1
1
0
1

1
5
Ohio
0
8
5
8
7
7
6

4
55
Oklahoma
12
31
6
3
3
3
3

2
38
Oregon
9
26
8
7
5
3
4

3
36
Pennsylvania
2
20
6
4
5
4
3

4
52
Puerto Rico
0
17
5
13
11
13
19

11
10
Rhode Island
0
7
4
8
8
3
8

3
60
South Carolina
2
12
4
3
5
4
1

6
64
South Dakota
28
56
3
1
3
2
1

1
6
Tennessee
3
16
5
4
5
3
4

3
55
Texas
5
20
4
4
3
3
2

2
56
Utah
10
29
4
4
3
2
3

3
42
Vermont
1
28
15
10
9
8
6
6
19
Virginia
2
24
7
8
4
6
4

4
40
Washington
4
25
4
5
4
3
3

4
49
West Virginia
8
30
11
13
8
5
6

3
16
Wisconsin
8
38
8
6
4
4
3

2
27
Wyoming
14
51
10
3
2
1
0

2
16
Nationwide
7 %
22 %
6 %
5 %
4 %
4 %
4 %
3 %
46 %
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 30

Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs

by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code as of December 31, 2010

Symbology

Number of Reporting Providers

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
Zero Delivery Areas
A l a s k a
The data in this map represent the number of service providers
reporting they have at least one business or residential voice
customer in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or
interconnected VoIP (excluding ILEC connections).
Sources: FCC Form 477 and Tele Atlas Dynamap/ZIP Code
Boundary and Inventory Files v 17.1, June 2009.
Prepared by the Federal Communications Commission,
Wireline Competition Bureau, Industry Analysis and Technology Division
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 31


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at
http://www.fcc.gov/form477/.

See Glossary for definitions of terms used in this report.

Counting lines and subscribers


Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions as the
maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user's location under
the purchased service plan. All VoIP subscriptions discussed in this report are interconnected
VoIP subscriptions.

Form 477 data may not count all VoIP phone connections to Internet Protocol Private Branch
Exchange (IP PBX) equipment that is owned by business end users because of the variety of
ways the IP PBX may connect to the public switched telephone network.

Holding company-subsidiary relationships

When counting service providers who have any retail customers in a particular geography (for
example, a state or a ZIP Code), we count a holding company or common-control entity no more
than once in any specified sub-category of total providers.

Nationwide counts of providers are unique counts for any specified sub-category of total
providers (for example, all non-ILECs or all interconnected VoIP providers); an entity operating
in multiple states is counted only once.

ILEC-CLEC affiliations


Lines from CLECs who have ILEC affiliates are handled at the state level in one of several ways.
We place the lines into the non-ILEC category if the affiliate is an ILEC other than AT&T or
Verizon. Lines from CLEC affiliates of AT&T and Verizon are allocated between the ILEC and
non-ILEC categories based on staff estimates if the CLEC operates in the AT&T or Verizon
ILEC service area in the state, respectively.

ZIP Code-based information



Wireline service providers report whether they have at least one residential or business customer
in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or interconnected VoIP. This contrasts with the
census tract-based broadband reporting requirements the Commission adopted in 2008.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 32

The report includes summary statistics of the presence of competitors to the ILEC, or ILECs, in
individual ZIP Codes. These entities are CLECs or interconnected VoIP providers who are not
affiliated with the ILEC, or ILECs, who serve end users in that ZIP Code. However, because
providers may not offer service across an entire ZIP Code and because different providers may
target different customer segments in areas where they provide service, we cannot conclude that
the number of providers identified as delivering wireline service within a ZIP Code represents the
number of options available to any specific customer within that ZIP Code. We further note that
these data on the number of providers in a ZIP Code do not indicate whether a particular provider
is offering service solely over its own last-mile facilities or is using the facilities of another carrier
or entity.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 33

Glossary


Term Definition

Broadband bundle
The purchase, from the same or affiliated retailers, of interconnected
VoIP service and broadband Internet access service, either for a single
price or for separate prices.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system at broadband speeds.
Circuit switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which a
transmission path is established for dedicated use by a communication;
the basis of the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
CLEC
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier: A new LEC that operates within
the service area of an ILEC.
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop, typically using copper
facilities, that frequently is used to offer customers access to the Internet
at broadband speeds.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities that use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Fixed wireless service
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
FTTP or FTTH
Fiber to the Premises (Home): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer's premises (home).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ILEC
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier: A company or cooperative that was
providing telephone service in a localized area, typically on a monopoly
basis, prior to enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
Internet protocol or IP
A language and set of formal rules that govern how packets transit the
Internet.
Interconnected VoIP or
A service that enables real-time, two-way voice communications; requires
iVoIP
a broadband connection from the user's location; requires Internet-
protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and permits users
generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone
network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
LEC
Local Exchange Carrier: A company that provides telephone service
within a localized area and access services that connect its customers to
long-distance (Interexchange Carrier) networks.
Local loop
The physical connection between the customer's premises and the
telephone company's local switching office, typically provided using
copper, fiber, or a combination of copper and fiber facilities.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Nomadic interconnected
A service whose terms allow use over any broadband connection
VoIP
available to the subscriber (such as at a hotel or vacation residence); by
contrast, a non-nomadic service subscription must be used over a single
predetermined broadband connection.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 34


Non-ILEC
Any provider of communications services who does not have ILEC
regulatory status.
Other ILEC
An ILEC who is not an RBOC.
Other wireline
All copper-wire based transmission technologies other than DSL
technologies; Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
OTT
Over-the-top: Interconnected VoIP service provided by entities that
neither own nor operate telecommunications facilities.
Packet switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which the
information is disassembled into discrete packets that are transmitted
independently and later reassembled; IP is an example.
PBX
Private Branch Exchange: A telephone switch that is owned or leased by
the telephone company's customer and generally located on the
customer's premises.
RBOC
Regional Bell Operating Company: The ILEC operations of AT&T,
Qwest, and Verizon.
Retail local telephone
Retail switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions.
service
Retail switched access lines Switched access lines for which an end user is the customer.
Standalone interconnected
The purchase of interconnected VoIP service without the purchase of
VoIP
broadband Internet access service from the same retailer, or from an
affiliated retailer.
Special access circuit
A dedicated, non-switched circuit (connection or line) provided by an
ILEC, commonly used to connect an end user to another communications
service provider; also frequently used by wireless service providers to
connect cell towers to mobile switching centers (MSCs).
Switched access line
A service connection between an end user and the local telephone
company's switch; the basis of plain old telephone service (POTS).
Total ILEC lines
The sum of ILEC-reported retail switched access lines, interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, wholesale switched access lines, and UNEs provided
to CLECs.
UNE
Unbundled Network Element: A physical or functional element of an
ILEC network that must be provided to a CLEC at a cost-based price, as
provide for in the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
UNE-L
UNE-Loop: An ILEC unbundled local loop provided to a CLEC at a
cost-base price.
UNE-P
UNE-Platform: The combination of ILEC unbundled local loop,
switching, and transport, provided to a CLEC at cost-based prices.
Wholesale switched access
Local telephone service provided to an unaffiliated telephone company,
lines
which resells the service to end users; typically provided by an ILEC to a
CLEC.
ZIP Code
A five-digit geographical ZIP Code.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2010 35

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