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FCC Releases New Data on Local Telephone Competition

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Released: November 26, 2013
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Local Telephone Competition:

Status as of December 31, 2012

Industry Analysis and Technology Division

Wireline Competition Bureau

November 2013

This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th

Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445

12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at

www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical

Reports Internet site at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats">www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.

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Contents

TEXT

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 1

Retail local telephone service ................................................................................................................. 1

Service providers .................................................................................................................................... 3

Interconnected VoIP service ................................................................................................................... 6

Switched access lines .............................................................................................................................. 9

Wholesale relationships for switched access lines .................................................................................. 9

Remainder of the report ........................................................................................................................ 11

Technical Notes .................................................................................................................................... 33

Glossary ................................................................................................................................................ 35

FIGURES

1. Retail Local Telephone Service Connections, 2009 - 2012 ............................................................. 2

2. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type ................................................................................................................................. 3

3. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status ............................................................................................................................. 4

4. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type .......................................................................................................................... 5

5. Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features ................................................ 7

6. Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP Broadband Bundles ............. 8

7. Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines .................................................................................. 9

8. Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs ................................... 10

TABLES

1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .................................................. 12

2. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type .................... 13

3. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type ............................. 14

4. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs .................... 15

5. ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions,

and UNEs ....................................................................................................................................... 16

6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers ................................................................................................................. 17

7. Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service .......................... 18

8. Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines ................................................... 19

9. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .................................... 20

10. Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ........................... 21

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 i

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11. Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ............................... 22

12. Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by State ........................................................................................................................................... 23

13. Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .................. 24

14. ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .......................... 25

15. Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State ..................................... 26

16. Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Provided to

Residential Customers by State ...................................................................................................... 27

17. Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State ...................................... 28

18. Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers ......................... 29

19. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ............................................ 30

20. Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ................... 30

21. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State ............................. 31

CHARTS

1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .................................................. 12

2. Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers........................ 13

3. VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions ........................... 14

4. Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .......................................... 15

5. ILEC Total Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs .................................................................. 16

6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers ................................................................................................................. 17

7. Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs.................................................. 18

MAP

Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs

by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code ....................................................................................................... 32

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 ii

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Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012

Introduction. The Commission has used FCC Form 477 to collect subscribership information from

providers of local telephone service – the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), competitive local

exchange carriers (CLECs), and mobile telephony providers – for more than a decade.

1

The Commission

has required interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (“interconnected VoIP”) service providers to

report subscribership information since December 2008 because the use of VoIP technology is growing

rapidly and it increasingly is used to provide local telephone service.

2

This report summarizes the information collected about telephone services as of December 31, 2012. It

demonstrates continued growth in subscribership to interconnected VoIP and mobile telephony services

and continued decline in subscribership to traditional wired telephone services.

3

Retail local telephone service. Retail local telephone service customers are served by two wireline

technologies – “end-user” switched access lines and interconnected VoIP “subscriptions” – and by

mobile wireless subscriptions.

In December 2012, there were 96 million end-user switched access lines in service, 42 million

interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 305 million mobile subscriptions in the United States, or

443 million retail local telephone service connections in total. See Figure 1.

1

See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about

the Form 477 and the meaning of terms used in this report. For an overview of program history for the telephone

services data, see Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2008 (June 2010) at pp. 1-2, available

atfile:///C:/Users/Ellen.Burton/Desktop/June11data/www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in the data should note the

changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.

2

The FCC’s rules (at 47 C.F.R. § 9.3) state:

An interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service is a service that:

(1) Enables real-time, two-way voice communications;

(2) Requires a broadband connection from the user’s location;

(3) Requires Internet protocol-compatible customer premises equipment (CPE); and

(4) Permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate

calls to the public switched telephone network.

We note that the current interpretation of element (4) of the definition excludes the VoIP services that Skype offers

in the United States, and subscribers to those services are not reported on Form 477. Prior to the December 2008

data, companies such as Vonage that solely provide interconnected VoIP service did not file Form 477. Telephone

companies and cable companies that provided local exchange telephone service were required to file Form 477 but

were not required to report interconnected VoIP subscriptions. However, some of these companies chose to include

interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the number of retail (end-user) switched access lines that they reported.

3

The presentation of mobile wireless telephone subscriber counts in this report does not constitute, or imply,

Commission analysis of the extent to which wireline and mobile wireless telephone services are demand substitutes

or complements in general or in any particular situation. In the Form 477 program, commercial mobile radio service

(CMRS) carriers who own or operate wireless networks report both their retail telephone service customers and the

retail customers of mobile wireless telephone service resellers.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 1

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Over the three-year period presented in Figure 1, interconnected VoIP subscriptions increased at

a compound annual growth rate of 17%, mobile telephony subscriptions increased at a compound

annual growth rate of about 4%, and retail switched access lines declined at about 9% a year.

4

Figure 1

Retail Local Telephone Service Connections, 2009 - 2012

(In Thousands)

Of the 138 million wireline retail local telephone service connections (including both switched

access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions) in December 2012, 79 million (or 57%) were

residential connections and 59 million (or 43%) were business connections.

5

See Figure 2.

4

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a smoothed rate of growth calculated in three steps. First, divide the

ending (December 2012) value by the beginning (December 2009) value. Second, raise the result of that division to

a power equal to one divided by the number of years in the period (in this case, 3 years, so the power is 1/3). Third,

subtract the number one from the result of the second step.

5

FCC Form 477 does not distinguish between residential and business subscribers to mobile telephony service. The

information that Form 477 collects about mobile broadband service is summarized elsewhere; see Internet Access

Services: Status as of December 31, 2012, available at http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 2

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Cross-classified by technology and customer type, the 138 million wireline retail local telephone

service connections in December 2012 were: 32% residential switched access lines, 37%

business switched access lines, 25% residential interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 6%

business interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 2.

Figure 2

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Switched Access

Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP

Residential

44,577

34,315

78,892

Business

51,535

7,646

59,180

Total

96,111

41,961

138,072

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

Service providers. The Form 477 program – and this report – distinguishes ILEC operations from all

other operations.

Cross-classified by customer type (residential or business) and the service retailer’s regulatory

status (ILEC or non-ILEC), the 138 million wireline retail local telephone service connections in

December 2012 were: 35% ILEC residential service, 25% ILEC business service, 23% non-ILEC

residential service, and 18% non-ILEC business service. See Figure 3.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 3

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Figure 3

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Residential

Business

Total

ILEC

47,640

34,476

82,115

Non-ILEC

31,253

24,704

55,957

Total

78,892

59,180

138,072

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

Additionally cross-classified by technology, the 79 million wireline residential connections in

December 2012 were: 52.6% ILEC switched access lines, 35.7% non-ILEC interconnected VoIP

subscriptions, 3.9% non-ILEC switched access lines, and 7.8% ILEC interconnected VoIP

subscriptions. Similarly, the 59 million wireline business connections were: 57.0% ILEC

switched access lines, 30.1% non-ILEC switched access lines, 11.7% non-ILEC interconnected

VoIP subscriptions, and 1.2% ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 4.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 4

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Figure 4

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Total

Switched Access

Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP

ILEC

75,251

6,864

82,115

Non-ILEC

20,860

35,097

55,957

Total

96,111

41,961

138,072

Residential

ILEC

41,505

6,134

47,640

Non-ILEC

3,072

28,181

31,253

Residential Total

44,577

34,315

78,892

Business

ILEC

33,746

730

34,476

Non-ILEC

17,789

6,916

24,704

Business Total

51,535

7,646

59,180

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 5

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Interconnected VoIP service. Form 477 identifies three types of information about retail

interconnected VoIP service.

First, interconnected VoIP service retailers distinguish between the interconnected VoIP

subscriptions they sell to their broadband Internet access service customers (“broadband bundle”

subscriptions, in this report) and all the other interconnected VoIP subscriptions that they sell

(“standalone” subscriptions).

Second, filers report whether or not interconnected VoIP subscriptions include, as a service

feature, the capability to use the service over any broadband connection to which the customer

has access, for example, at a hotel or vacation residence (“nomadic” functionality).

Third, filers identify the different broadband technologies (for example, cable modem Internet

access service) in the broadband bundle.

The Form 477 data cross-classify the first two of these three sets of information. See Figure 5.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 6

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Figure 5

Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Total

Broadband

Standalone

Total

Bundle

VoIP

Nomadic

769

3,432

4,201

Not nomadic

35,956

1,804

37,760

Total

36,725

5,236

41,961

ILEC

Nomadic

33

18

51

Not nomadic

6,812

2

6,814

ILEC Total

6,845

20

6,864

Non-ILEC

Nomadic

736

3,414

4,150

Not nomadic

29,144

1,802

30,947

Non-ILEC Total

29,880

5,217

35,097

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 7

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Form 477 collects the third type of information about retail interconnected VoIP service – the technology

of the Internet access connection – for broadband bundles but not for standalone interconnected VoIP.

See Figure 6.

6

Figure 6

Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP

Broadband Bundles as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC

Non-ILEC

Total

DSL or Other Wireline

3,556

2,822

6,378

FTTP

3,288

832

4,119

Cable Modem

1

25,968

25,969

Terrestrial Fixed Wireless

#

49

49

Other

0

210

210

Total

6,845

29,880

36,725

# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

6

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 discusses types of Internet access connections in greater

detail. The report is available at file:///C:/Users/Ellen.Burton/Desktop/June11data/www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 8

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Switched access lines. ILECs as a group predominantly deliver retail switched access lines over

copper local loops. This appears also to be the case for those non-ILECs who report retail switched

access lines. See Figure 7.

Figure 7

Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC

Non-ILEC

Total

FTTP

6,149

1,936

8,084

Coaxial Cable

176

1,765

1,941

Terrestrial Fixed Wireless

15

76

90

Copper Local Loop

68,912

17,083

85,995

Total

75,251

20,860

96,111

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

Wholesale relationships for switched access lines. ILECs typically own the communications facilities

over which they provide retail services. By contrast, CLECs use a range of methods: equipping ILEC

UNE loops (“UNE-L”) as CLEC switched access lines,

7

reselling services (for example, reselling ILEC

7

CLECs (as opposed to non-ILECs more generally) have certain regulatory rights to obtain ILEC local loops at cost-

based UNE rates, which the CLEC may use to provide retail switched access lines or retail broadband Internet access

connections. See C.F.R. § 51.307.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 9

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switched access lines obtained at wholesale rates or reselling ILEC lines obtained under commercial

agreements that replaced the UNE-Platform (“UNE-P”)), equipping leased ILEC special access circuits

as switched access lines, and equipping local loops that the CLEC owns.

CLECs reported using several methods to provide their nearly 21 million retail switched access

lines in December 2012. They reported providing 37% of lines (or 7.7 million lines) by reselling

ILEC wholesale or retail services. They reported providing 33% of lines (or 6.9 million lines)

over ILEC facilities leased at regulated, cost-based rates (that is, as unbundled network elements,

or UNEs). And they provided the remaining 30% of lines (or 6.3 million lines) over local loops

that they owned. However, the information about wholesale relationships differs as reported by

CLECs and by ILECs, as discussed in Figure 8.

Figure 8

Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

CLEC

ILEC

Difference

Retail Switched

Access Lines

provisioned over

ILEC Services

(reported by CLECs)

Wholesale Switched

Access Lines and

UNEs provided to

CLECs

(reported by ILECs)

Resold ILEC services1

7,682

4,038

3,643

UNE-P2

935

1

934

UNE-L3

5,946

2,913

3,033

Total ILEC UNEs

6,881

2,914

3,967

Total ILEC services

14,563

6,953

7,610

Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.

1 Resold ILEC services include switched access lines made available to CLECs at wholesale rates, resold Centrex,

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), or other ILEC services, ILEC special access circuits channelized to

provide CLEC retail switched access lines, and ILEC switched access lines provided to CLECs under commercial

agreements that replaced UNE-P. (See note 2, below.) Filers are instructed to count the number of voice-grade

channels the retail customer purchased, not the theoretical capacity of the circuit over which the service was delivered.

ILECs generally do not know (and do not report) which ILEC leased special access circuits or other high-capacity

circuits are being used to provide CLEC retail switched access lines (which the CLECs do report).

2 UNE-P was the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE. The Commission directed

CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by UNE-P to an alternative arrangement within 12 months of the

effective data of the Triennial Review Remand Order, that is, by March 11, 2006. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).

3 ILECs report the number of UNE-L they provide to CLECs but do not convert any high-capacity UNE-L, such as

DS1 UNE loops, into voice-grade equivalents. By contrast, CLECs report the number of switched access lines their

retail customers purchase which the CLEC provisioned over UNE-L obtained from ILECs. Note, however, that a

CLEC might use UNE-L only to provide broadband Internet access connections.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 10

image14-00.jpg612x792

Remainder of the report. The remainder of the report consists of tables and charts that update data

presented in earlier reports in this series. We present national data first, followed by state-specific data

and, finally, summary statistics of service-provider presence in individual ZIP Codes.

8

* * * *

We invite users of this information to provide suggestions for improved analysis of data presented in this

report by using the attached customer response form or by sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov

for subject: December 2012 local telephone data. We encourage users of this information to provide

suggestions for improved data collection by participating in any formal proceedings undertaken by the

Commission to solicit comments for improvement of FCC Form 477.

8

The appropriate interpretation of the ZIP Code-based information is discussed in the Technical Notes at the end of

the report.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 11

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Table 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions1

(In Thousands)

Date

Provided by

Total

0

Non-ILEC Share

ILEC

Non-ILEC

0

0

Jun 2006

142,293

29,896

172,189

17.4

Dec 2006

138,834

28,626

167,460

17.1

Jun 2007

134,640

28,729

163,369

17.6

Dec 2007

129,693

28,725

158,418

18.1

Jun 2008

124,606

30,049

154,655

19.4

Dec 2008

118,496

44,267

162,763

27.2

Jun 2009

112,748

44,351

157,098

28.2

Dec 2009

107,018

45,927

152,945

30.0

Jun 2010

102,395

49,077

151,472

32.4

Dec 2010

97,497

52,155

149,652

34.9

Jun 2011

93,394

52,820

146,214

36.1

Dec 2011

89,428

53,891

143,319

37.6

Jun 2012

85,849

55,419

141,268

39.2

Dec 2012

82,115

55,957

138,072

40.5

Some previously published data have been revised.

1 Mandatory reporting by interconnected VoIP service providers started in December 2008. Previously, individual ILECs and CLECs included

VoIP subscribers in reported switched access lines to a varying and largely unknown degree. Interconnected VoIP is distinguished from VoIP

service more generally by permitting users to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the

public switched telephone network. See 47 C.F.R. § 9.3. Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions

as the maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user’s location under the purchased service plan.

Chart 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

(In Millions)

180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

Jun 2006

Dec 2006

Jun 2007

Dec 2007

Jun 2008

Dec 2008

Jun 2009

Dec 2009

Jun 2010

Dec 2010

Jun 2011

Dec 2011

Jun 2012

Dec 2012

Non-ILEC

29.9

28.6

28.7

28.7

30.0

44.3

44.4

45.9

49.1

52.2

52.8

53.9

55.4

56.0

ILEC

142.3

138.8

134.6

129.7

124.6

118.5

112.7

107.0

102.4

97.5

93.4

89.4

85.8

82.1

ILEC

Non-ILEC

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 12

image16-00.jpg612x792

Table 2

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type1

(In Thousands)

Reporting ILECs

Reporting Non-ILECs

Date

Residential

0

Business

0

% Residential

Residential

0

Business

0

% Residential

Jun 2006

92,453

49,840

65.0

12,474

17,422

41.7

Dec 2006

89,167

49,667

64.2

12,211

16,415

42.7

Jun 2007

85,633

49,007

63.6

12,117

16,612

42.2

Dec 2007

81,798

47,894

63.1

12,051

16,675

42.0

Jun 2008

77,457

47,149

62.2

12,396

17,654

41.3

Dec 2008

72,786

45,711

61.4

25,049

19,218

56.6

Jun 2009

68,581

44,166

60.8

24,769

19,582

55.8

Dec 2009

64,613

42,405

60.4

26,793

19,134

58.3

Jun 2010

61,579

40,816

60.1

27,899

21,178

56.8

Dec 2010

58,194

39,303

59.7

28,851

23,304

55.3

Jun 2011

55,365

38,029

59.3

29,272

23,548

55.4

Dec 2011

52,530

36,897

58.7

30,285

23,607

56.2

Jun 2012

50,165

35,684

58.4

30,805

24,614

55.6

Dec 2012

47,640

34,476

58.0

31,253

24,704

55.9

Some previously published data have been revised.

1 The December 2008 data are the first for which comprehensive reporting of interconnected VoIP subscribers was required. See

footnote 1, Table 1.

Chart 2

Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers1

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2006

2006

2007

2007

2008

2008

2009

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

ILECs

65.0%

64.2%

63.6%

63.1%

62.2%

61.4%

60.8%

60.4%

60.1%

59.7%

59.3%

58.7%

58.4%

58.0%

Non-ILECs

41.7%

42.7%

42.2%

42.0%

41.3%

56.6%

55.8%

58.3%

56.8%

55.3%

55.4%

56.2%

55.6%

55.9%

ILECs

Non-ILECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 13

image17-00.jpg651x843

Table 3

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type

(In Thousands)

End-User Switched Access Lines

VoIP Subscriptions

Total

Date

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Dec 2008

78,180

62,839

141,019

19,655

2,090

21,744

97,835

64,929

162,763

Jun 2009

73,093

60,015

133,109

20,257

3,733

23,990

93,350

63,748

157,098

Dec 2009

68,614

58,335

126,949

22,793

3,204

25,996

91,406

61,539

152,945

Jun 2010

64,463

58,152

122,615

25,015

3,842

28,857

89,478

61,994

151,472

Dec 2010

60,010

57,874

117,884

27,036

4,733

31,768

87,045

62,607

149,652

Jun 2011

56,019

56,428

112,447

28,617

5,150

33,767

84,637

61,577

146,214

Dec 2011

51,920

54,729

106,649

30,895

5,775

36,670

82,815

60,504

143,319

Jun 2012

48,337

53,495

101,832

32,633

6,802

39,435

80,970

60,298

141,268

Dec 2012

44,577

51,535

96,111

34,315

7,646

41,961

78,892

59,180

138,072

Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Chart 3

VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

Residential

Business

Total

45%

40%

35%

30%

25%

20%

15%

10%

5%

0%

Dec 2008

Jun 2009

Dec 2009

Jun 2010

Dec 2010

Jun 2011

Dec 2011

Jun 2012

Dec 2012

Residential

20.1%

21.7%

24.9%

28.0%

31.1%

33.8%

37.3%

40.3%

43.5%

Business

3.2%

5.9%

5.2%

6.2%

7.6%

8.4%

9.5%

11.3%

12.9%

Total

13.4%

15.3%

17.0%

19.1%

21.2%

23.1%

25.6%

27.9%

30.4%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 14

image18-00.jpg612x792

Table 4

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs1

(Lines and Subscriptions in Thousands)

End-User Switched Access

Lines

End-User

Switched

Access Lines

and VoIP

Subscriptions

Percent

Acquired from

other LECs

Reporting

Non-

ILECs

Date

CLEC-

owned

local

loops 3

VoIP

CLEC-

owned

local

loops

Resold

LEC

service

ILEC

UNEs 2

Resold

LEC

service

ILEC

UNEs

VoIP

Jun 2006

400

29,896

6,548

12,547

10,802

-

21.9

42.0

36.1

-

Dec 2006

397

28,626

5,819

11,663

11,144

-

20.3

40.7

38.9

-

Jun 2007

406

28,729

6,193

11,511

11,025

-

21.6

40.1

38.4

-

Dec 2007

443

28,725

6,430

10,582

11,713

-

22.4

36.8

40.8

-

Jun 2008

469

30,049

6,073

10,884

13,093

-

20.2

36.2

43.6

-

Dec 2008

705

44,267

7,083

9,612

6,359

21,216

16.0

21.7

14.4

47.9

Jun 2009

720

44,351

6,799

8,516

6,005

23,032

15.3

19.2

13.5

51.9

Dec 2009

758

45,927

7,100

8,029

5,993

24,802

15.5

17.5

13.0

54.0

Jun 2010

787

49,077

8,249

7,701

6,231

26,895

16.8

15.7

12.7

54.8

Dec 2010

809

52,155

8,634

7,313

7,294

28,912

16.6

14.0

14.0

55.4

Jun 2011

834

52,820

8,492

6,950

7,242

30,136

16.1

13.2

13.7

57.1

Dec 2011

872

53,891

8,201

6,769

6,937

31,978

15.2

12.6

12.9

59.3

Jun 2012

875

55,419

8,138

6,654

7,007

33,623

14.7

12.0

12.6

60.7

Dec 2012

913

55,957

7,682

6,881

6,296

35,097

13.7

12.3

11.3

62.7

Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

1 See footnote 1, Table 1.

2 Includes unbundled network element (UNE) loops leased from an unaffiliated ILEC on a stand-alone basis and also UNE loops leased

in combination with UNE switching or any other unbundled network element.

3 Lines provided over CLEC-owned "last-mile" facilities.

Chart 4

Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions as of December 31, 2012

Resold LEC service

13.7%

ILEC UNEs

12.3%

VoIP

62.7%

CLEC-owned local

loops

11.3%

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 15

image19-00.jpg631x816

Table 5

ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions, and UNEs1

(Lines, Subscriptions, and UNEs in Thousands)

Switched Access Lines and UNEs Provided to CLECs

ILEC

End-User

Reporting

Switched

UNEs

Total

UNEs &

Resold

Lines

Date

Total

VoIP

% of

Total

Lines

ILECs2

Access

Resold

Lines

Lines3

Without

Switching

With

Switching4

Total

UNEs

Lines

Some previously published data have been revised.

1 See footnote 1, Table 1.

2 Fewer ILECs were counted after mid-year 2007 primarily because FCC staff identified additional common-control relationships.

3 Sum of ILEC-reported end-user (retail) switched access lines, ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and ILEC wholesale switched

access lines and UNEs provided to CLECs.

4 ILEC loops provided with ILEC switching, including the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE,

collectively referred to as the UNE-Platform ("UNE-P"). In the Triennial Review Remand Order, which was adopted on December 15,

2004, the Commission directed CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by these methods to alternative arrangements by March 11,

2006, i.e., within 12 months of the date the order went into effect. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).

Chart 5

ILEC Total (Retail and Wholesale) Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs for Resale

180,000

14.0%

160,000

12.0%

140,000

10.0%

120,000

100,000

8.0%

80,000

6.0%

60,000

4.0%

40,000

20,000

2.0%

0

0.0%

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2006

2006

2007

2007

2008

2008

2009

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

ILEC Total Lines

Percent Provided to CLECs

Jun 2006

805

156,872

142,293

-

1,723

4,413

8,443

12,856

14,579

9.3

Dec 2006

814

151,958

138,834

-

1,613

4,408

7,103

11,511

13,124

8.6

Jun 2007

816

146,672

134,640

-

1,517

4,285

6,230

10,515

12,032

8.2

Dec 2007

805

140,808

129,693

-

1,460

4,122

5,534

9,655

11,115

7.9

Jun 2008

800

134,846

124,606

-

1,473

3,827

4,941

8,768

10,241

7.6

Dec 2008

777

128,288

117,968

529

3,209

3,844

2,740

6,583

9,792

7.6

Jun 2009

777

121,879

111,790

958

3,008

3,580

2,543

6,123

9,131

7.5

Dec 2009

766

116,070

105,824

1,194

2,988

3,668

2,396

6,063

9,051

7.8

Jun 2010

763

110,798

100,433

1,962

5,023

3,254

127

3,381

8,403

7.6

Dec 2010

754

105,386

94,641

2,856

4,712

3,124

53

3,177

7,889

7.5

Jun 2011

756

101,056

89,763

3,631

4,578

3,081

4

3,085

7,662

7.6

Dec 2011

756

96,890

84,735

4,693

4,366

3,028

68

3,097

7,463

7.7

Jun 2012

756

93,033

80,036

5,813

4,059

3,005

121

3,126

7,185

7.7

Dec 2012

753

89,068

75,251

6,864

4,038

2,913

1

2,914

6,953

7.8

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 16

image20-00.jpg612x792

Table 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers1

(In Thousands)

Percent Coaxial

Cable

Date

Coaxial Cable2

Other Technology

Total

Jun 2006

6,070

23,826

29,896

20.3

Dec 2006

6,751

21,875

28,626

23.6

Jun 2007

7,730

21,000

28,729

26.9

Dec 2007

8,385

20,340

28,725

29.2

Jun 2008

9,352

20,697

30,049

31.1

Dec 2008

20,108

24,158

44,267

45.4

Jun 2009

21,547

22,804

44,351

48.6

Dec 2009

23,171

22,756

45,927

50.5

Jun 2010

24,339

24,738

49,077

49.6

Dec 2010

25,877

26,278

52,155

49.6

Jun 2011

26,645

26,175

52,820

50.4

Dec 2011

27,776

26,115

53,891

51.5

Jun 2012

28,541

26,878

55,419

51.5

Dec 2012

29,318

26,639

55,957

52.4

Some previously published data have been revised.

1 See footnote 1, Table 1.

2 Reported end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP connections that terminate on coaxial cable at the end user's

premises. Starting, systematically, with the December 2008 data, interconnected VoIP service providers report subscriptions they sold

in a bundle with cable modem Internet access service. For December 2008 and later dates, FCC staff used other Form 477 data to

estimate the number of standalone VoIP subscriptions that terminated on coaxial cable at the end user's premises.

Chart 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers

(In Thousands)

30,000

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2006

2006

2007

2007

2008

2008

2009

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

Coaxial Cable

Other Technology

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 17

image21-00.jpg638x825

Table 7

Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Jun 2007

65

86

68

Dec 2007

65

87

68

Jun 2008

66

88

69

Dec 2008

68

80

69

Jun 2009

69

80

70

Dec 2009

70

76

71

Jun 2010

70

76

71

Dec 2010

69

77

69

Jun 2011

69

78

70

Dec 2011

68

78

69

Jun 2012

66

76

66

Dec 2012

65

78

66

Business

Jun 2007

48

72

54

Dec 2007

49

70

54

Jun 2008

49

72

55

Dec 2008

44

70

51

Jun 2009

43

72

51

Dec 2009

43

71

51

Jun 2010

44

73

53

Dec 2010

50

76

59

Jun 2011

52

80

62

Dec 2011

52

75

59

Jun 2012

51

74

59

Dec 2012

51

74

59

Total

Jun 2007

59

78

62

Dec 2007

59

77

63

Jun 2008

59

79

63

Dec 2008

59

73

61

Jun 2009

59

74

61

Dec 2009

60

72

62

Jun 2010

60

74

62

Dec 2010

61

76

64

Jun 2011

62

80

66

Dec 2011

61

75

64

Jun 2012

59

75

62

Dec 2012

59

74

62

Some previously published data have been revised.

Chart 7

Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs

Residential

Business

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2007

2007

2008

2008

2009

2009

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 18

image22-00.jpg612x792

Table 8

Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines

(In Thousands)

December 31, 2012

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed

27,127

2,388

29,515

Not Presubscribed

14,378

684

15,062

All Lines

41,505

3,072

44,577

Percent Presubscribed

65%

78%

66%

Business

Presubscribed

17,281

13,090

30,372

Not Presubscribed

16,464

4,698

21,163

All Lines

33,746

17,789

51,534

Percent Presubscribed

51%

74%

59%

Total

Presubscribed

44,408

15,478

59,886

Not Presubscribed

30,843

5,382

36,225

All Lines

75,251

20,860

96,111

Percent Presubscribed

59%

74%

62%

June 30, 2012

ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed

29,517

2,591

32,107

Not Presubscribed

15,429

801

16,230

All Lines

44,946

3,391

48,337

Percent Presubscribed

66%

76%

66%

Business

Presubscribed

17,858

13,667

31,525

Not Presubscribed

17,232

4,738

21,970

All Lines

35,090

18,405

53,495

Percent Presubscribed

51%

74%

59%

Total

Presubscribed

47,374

16,258

63,632

Not Presubscribed

32,661

5,539

38,200

All Lines

80,036

21,796

101,832

Percent Presubscribed

59%

75%

62%

Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 19

image23-00.jpg612x792

Table 9

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

State

Switched

Access

Lines

Switched

Access

Lines

Non-ILEC

% of Total

Total

Bundled

with

Internet

Stand-

alone

Total

Bundled

with

Internet

Stand-

alone

Total

Alabama

1,133

0

68

1,201

334

61

277

673

1,874

36

Alaska

228

0

#

228

*

2

1

*

*

*

American Samoa

9

0

0

9

0

0

0

0

9

0

Arizona

1,224

0

1

1,224

553

119

606

1,278

2,503

51

Arkansas

696

0

30

725

107

24

135

266

991

27

California

10,153

2

912

11,067

2,118

759

3,240

6,117

17,184

36

Colorado

1,207

0

0

1,207

369

100

594

1,063

2,271

47

Connecticut

930

#

130

1,060

190

69

581

840

1,900

44

Delaware

225

#

53

279

52

20

111

183

462

40

District of Columbia

543

#

18

561

233

25

105

362

924

39

Florida

4,170

2

570

4,743

1,410

477

2,165

4,052

8,795

46

Georgia

2,266

#

189

2,455

779

176

694

1,649

4,104

40

Guam

40

0

0

40

*

*

*

*

*

*

Hawaii

390

#

6

397

48

8

104

159

556

29

Idaho

375

0

0

375

71

20

77

168

544

31

Illinois

3,196

0

310

3,507

609

237

1,188

2,033

5,540

37

Indiana

1,566

2

109

1,677

214

82

478

773

2,451

32

Iowa

817

#

#

817

169

30

172

372

1,190

31

Kansas

602

0

36

638

187

38

212

437

1,075

41

Kentucky

1,087

0

24

1,111

218

25

267

510

1,621

31

Louisiana

1,079

#

68

1,147

271

61

337

669

1,816

37

Maine

367

0

#

367

139

13

146

298

666

45

Maryland

1,605

2

386

1,993

454

128

541

1,123

3,117

36

Massachusetts

1,513

1

283

1,797

818

157

1,021

1,996

3,793

53

Michigan

2,028

0

212

2,240

352

196

1,056

1,604

3,844

42

Minnesota

1,348

#

2

1,350

458

67

580

1,105

2,455

45

Mississippi

658

#

31

690

82

27

118

228

917

25

Missouri

1,559

0

152

1,711

236

61

331

629

2,340

27

Montana

282

0

#

282

42

7

101

151

433

35

Nebraska

443

0

0

443

193

24

134

351

794

44

Nevada

632

0

15

646

126

66

320

512

1,158

44

New Hampshire

278

0

1

279

109

39

248

396

675

59

New Jersey

2,018

2

476

2,496

820

198

1,567

2,585

5,081

51

New Mexico

523

0

0

523

64

21

110

195

717

27

New York

4,108

4

712

4,824

1,776

265

3,208

5,250

10,074

52

North Carolina

2,390

#

84

2,474

702

125

880

1,706

4,181

41

North Dakota

201

0

0

201

80

3

38

122

323

38

Northern Mariana Isl.

15

0

0

15

0

0

0

0

15

0

Ohio

2,791

0

165

2,957

505

109

1,032

1,646

4,602

36

Oklahoma

832

0

37

869

253

53

299

604

1,473

41

Oregon

833

0

0

833

230

67

401

699

1,532

46

Pennsylvania

3,370

2

423

3,796

1,337

251

1,287

2,875

6,671

43

Puerto Rico

583

0

0

583

105

18

115

239

822

29

Rhode Island

179

#

62

240

189

27

97

312

553

57

South Carolina

1,119

0

64

1,183

291

65

312

667

1,850

36

South Dakota

197

0

#

197

135

5

72

211

408

52

Tennessee

1,413

0

99

1,512

570

89

507

1,165

2,677

44

Texas

5,493

1

666

6,159

1,065

329

1,409

2,804

8,963

31

Utah

502

0

0

502

151

43

291

485

988

49

Vermont

218

0

#

218

42

12

74

129

346

37

Virgin Islands

49

0

0

49

0

*

*

*

*

*

Virginia

2,080

1

351

2,432

708

184

678

1,570

4,002

39

Washington

1,491

#

1

1,492

370

138

825

1,334

2,826

47

West Virginia

559

0

0

559

104

16

169

289

849

34

Wisconsin

1,492

#

97

1,589

277

76

486

840

2,429

35

Wyoming

145

0

1

146

17

5

64

86

232

37

Nationwide

75,251

20

6,845

82,115

20,860

5,217

29,880

55,957

138,072

41

# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 20

image24-00.jpg612x792

Table 10

Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Access

Lines

Switched

Access

Lines

Non-ILEC

% of Total

State

Bundled

with

Internet

Total

Stand-

alone

Total

Bundled

with

Internet

Stand-

alone

Total

Alabama

705

0

62

768

71

52

228

351

1,119

31

Alaska

109

0

0

109

*

1

1

*

*

*

American Samoa

4

0

0

4

0

0

0

0

4

0

Arizona

703

0

0

703

252

80

374

705

1,408

50

Arkansas

414

0

27

441

12

18

103

133

574

23

California

5,169

2

785

5,955

416

487

2,336

3,238

9,194

35

Colorado

719

0

0

719

20

71

470

561

1,280

44

Connecticut

482

#

118

600

37

52

513

602

1,202

50

Delaware

112

#

51

163

3

17

105

125

288

43

District of Columbia

96

#

12

108

11

11

43

65

173

38

Florida

2,336

2

522

2,860

43

374

1,909

2,326

5,186

45

Georgia

1,235

#

161

1,396

75

138

570

783

2,179

36

Guam

22

0

0

22

*

*

*

*

*

*

Hawaii

205

0

0

205

#

6

84

91

296

31

Idaho

225

0

0

225

18

9

52

79

305

26

Illinois

1,566

0

257

1,823

54

187

999

1,240

3,063

40

Indiana

882

0

101

982

47

63

420

530

1,512

35

Iowa

520

#

#

520

64

24

108

196

717

27

Kansas

331

0

32

363

74

25

144

243

605

40

Kentucky

663

0

20

683

60

18

236

314

996

31

Louisiana

616

#

59

674

68

48

252

368

1,042

35

Maine

260

0

0

260

9

10

131

150

410

37

Maryland

745

2

371

1,118

97

90

433

620

1,738

36

Massachusetts

740

1

272

1,012

46

124

960

1,130

2,142

53

Michigan

1,020

0

180

1,200

71

168

957

1,196

2,396

50

Minnesota

904

#

#

904

87

53

379

519

1,423

36

Mississippi

378

0

27

405

19

22

104

146

550

26

Missouri

927

0

129

1,056

25

47

258

330

1,386

24

Montana

176

0

#

176

13

4

72

89

265

33

Nebraska

246

0

0

246

83

15

83

180

427

42

Nevada

358

0

13

371

2

47

242

292

663

44

New Hampshire

180

0

0

180

3

32

235

270

449

60

New Jersey

962

2

446

1,411

53

149

1,351

1,554

2,965

52

New Mexico

332

0

0

332

7

15

81

103

436

24

New York

2,134

4

657

2,795

163

158

2,655

2,976

5,771

52

North Carolina

1,437

#

74

1,511

23

96

759

878

2,389

37

North Dakota

130

0

0

130

40

2

7

50

179

28

Northern Mariana Isl.

7

0

0

7

0

0

0

0

7

0

Ohio

1,600

0

138

1,738

57

72

888

1,017

2,756

37

Oklahoma

478

0

33

511

118

33

213

365

876

42

Oregon

525

0

0

525

19

49

346

414

938

44

Pennsylvania

2,071

2

388

2,461

108

202

1,183

1,492

3,954

38

Puerto Rico

430

0

0

430

1

12

93

106

536

20

Rhode Island

101

#

61

162

68

17

66

152

314

48

South Carolina

693

0

54

747

56

41

263

359

1,107

32

South Dakota

122

0

#

122

73

4

64

141

263

54

Tennessee

855

0

86

941

59

74

431

564

1,505

37

Texas

2,829

1

574

3,403

107

236

1,121

1,465

4,868

30

Utah

293

0

0

293

17

27

171

215

508

42

Vermont

151

0

0

151

4

10

70

85

236

36

Virgin Islands

31

0

0

31

0

*

*

*

*

*

Virginia

1,109

1

326

1,436

144

125

456

725

2,162

34

Washington

910

#

#

911

42

103

730

875

1,786

49

West Virginia

369

0

0

369

18

13

154

184

554

33

Wisconsin

818

0

79

897

41

58

424

522

1,419

37

Wyoming

69

0

1

70

4

3

46

53

123

43

Nationwide

41,505

18

6,116

47,640

3,072

3,791

24,390

31,253

78,892

40

# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 21

image25-00.jpg612x792

Table 11

Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Access

Lines

Switched

Access

Lines

Non-ILEC

% of Total

State

Bundled

with

Internet

Total

Stand-

alone

Total

Bundled

with

Internet

Stand-

alone

Total

Alabama

428

0

5

433

263

9

49

322

755

43%

Alaska

119

0

#

119

*

#

#

*

*

*

American Samoa

5

0

0

5

0

0

0

0

5

0

Arizona

520

0

1

521

302

39

233

574

1,094

52

Arkansas

281

0

3

284

95

6

32

133

417

32

California

4,984

0

127

5,111

1,702

272

904

2,879

7,990

36

Colorado

488

0

0

488

349

30

124

503

991

51

Connecticut

448

0

12

460

153

17

68

238

698

34

Delaware

114

0

2

116

48

4

6

58

174

33

District of Columbia

447

0

5

453

221

14

62

297

750

40

Florida

1,834

0

48

1,883

1,367

104

256

1,726

3,609

48

Georgia

1,032

0

27

1,059

704

38

124

866

1,925

45

Guam

18

0

0

18

*

0

*

*

*

*

Hawaii

185

#

6

191

48

2

19

69

260

26

Idaho

150

0

0

150

54

10

24

89

239

37

Illinois

1,631

0

53

1,684

555

50

189

794

2,477

32

Indiana

685

2

9

695

167

19

58

243

938

26

Iowa

297

#

#

297

106

6

64

176

473

37

Kansas

271

0

4

275

113

13

69

195

470

41

Kentucky

424

0

5

428

158

7

31

197

625

31

Louisiana

464

0

9

473

203

13

85

301

774

39

Maine

107

0

#

107

130

3

15

149

256

58

Maryland

860

0

15

876

357

38

108

503

1,379

37

Massachusetts

773

0

12

785

771

33

62

866

1,651

52

Michigan

1,008

0

32

1,040

281

28

99

408

1,448

28

Minnesota

444

#

2

446

371

14

201

586

1,032

57

Mississippi

281

#

4

285

63

5

14

82

367

22

Missouri

632

0

23

655

211

14

73

299

953

31

Montana

106

0

0

106

30

3

29

62

167

37

Nebraska

196

0

0

196

110

9

52

171

367

47

Nevada

274

0

1

276

124

18

78

220

496

44

New Hampshire

98

0

1

99

107

7

12

126

225

56

New Jersey

1,055

0

30

1,085

767

48

216

1,031

2,116

49

New Mexico

190

0

0

190

57

6

28

91

281

32

New York

1,974

0

55

2,029

1,614

107

553

2,274

4,303

53

North Carolina

953

0

10

963

678

29

121

829

1,792

46

North Dakota

71

0

0

71

40

1

31

72

144

50

Northern Mariana Isl.

8

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

8

0

Ohio

1,191

0

27

1,218

448

37

144

629

1,847

34

Oklahoma

353

0

4

358

134

20

85

239

597

40

Oregon

309

0

0

309

211

18

55

285

594

48

Pennsylvania

1,299

0

35

1,334

1,229

49

104

1,383

2,717

51

Puerto Rico

153

0

0

153

104

6

22

133

286

46

Rhode Island

77

0

1

78

120

9

31

161

239

67

South Carolina

426

0

10

436

235

24

49

308

744

41

South Dakota

75

0

#

75

62

1

7

70

145

48

Tennessee

558

0

13

571

511

15

76

602

1,173

51

Texas

2,664

0

92

2,756

959

93

288

1,339

4,096

33

Utah

210

0

0

210

134

16

120

270

480

56

Vermont

66

0

#

66

38

2

4

43

110

40

Virgin Islands

18

0

0

18

0

*

*

*

*

*

Virginia

971

0

25

996

564

59

222

845

1,841

46

Washington

581

#

#

581

328

36

95

459

1,040

44

West Virginia

190

0

0

190

86

3

15

105

295

36

Wisconsin

674

#

17

692

237

19

63

318

1,010

32

Wyoming

76

0

0

76

13

1

18

33

109

30

Nationwide

33,746

2

728

34,476

17,789

1,425

5,491

24,704

59,180

42

# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission

Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 22