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FCC Releases New Telephone Subscribership Report

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Released: February 2, 2010




TELEPHONE SUBSCRIBERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES


(Data through November 2009)











Alexander Belinfante


Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
Federal Communications Commission

Released: February 2010












This report is available for reference in the FCC's Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th Street SW, Washington, DC. 20554.
Call Best Copy and Printing, Inc. at (202) 488-5300 to purchase a copy. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition
Bureau Statistical Reports Internet site at <http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats>;.


Telephone Subscribership in the United States


(Data through November 2009)

Executive Summary


This is the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC’s) report on telephone
subscribership in the United States, presenting subscribership statistics based on the Current
Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the Census Bureau in November 2009.1 Based on the
data gathered in that survey, we estimate that 95.7% of all households in the United States had
telephone service. The report also shows subscribership levels by state, income level, race2, age,
household size, and employment status.

Statistical Findings


In November 2009:

The telephone subscribership penetration rate in the U.S. was 95.7%, an increase of 0.7%
over the rate from November 2008. This is the highest reported rate since the CPS began
collecting this data in November 1983.

The telephone penetration rate for households in income categories below $15,000 was at or
below 94.0%, while the rate for households in income categories over $50,000 was at least
98.2%.

Among the states, the penetration rates ranged from a low of 90.9% to a high of 99.0%.

Penetration rates ranged from 93.1% for households headed by a person under 25 to at least
96.6% for households headed by a person over 55.

Households with one person had a penetration rate of 93.6%, compared to a rate of 96.8% for
households with four or five persons.

The penetration rate for unemployed adults was 94.7%, while the rate for employed adults
was 96.8%.

Background


The number and percentage of households that have telephone service represent the most
fundamental measures of the extent of universal service. Continuing analysis of telephone
penetration statistics allows us to examine the aggregate effects of Commission actions and
industry evolution on households' decisions to maintain, acquire or drop telephone service. This
report presents comprehensive data on telephone penetration statistics collected by the Bureau of

1
The last published report was Industry Analysis and Technology Division, Wireline
Competition Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, Telephone Subscribership in
the United States
(December 15, 2009).

2
The racial categories reported in the CPS are white, black, and other. The “other”
category (which includes Asians, Native Americans, and anyone else who doesn’t
consider themselves white or black) is not included in the tables and charts in this report
because the sample size is too small. The ethnic category Hispanic, however, is included.
Hispanics can be of any race for purposes of the categories reported in the CPS.

the Census under contract with the FCC. Along with telephone penetration statistics for the
United States and each of the states from November 1983 to November 2009, data are provided
on penetration based on various demographic characteristics.


The most widely used measure of telephone subscribership is the percentage of
households with telephone service, sometimes called a measure of telephone penetration. Prior
to the 1980s, precise measurements of telephone subscribership received little attention.
Traditionally, telephone penetration was measured by dividing the number of residential
telephone lines by the number of households. Measures of penetration based on the number of
residential lines, however, became subject to a large margin of error as more and more
households added second telephone lines and more consumers acquired second homes. By 1980,
the traditional measure of penetration (residential lines divided by the number of households)
reached 96%,3 while the proportion of households reporting that they had telephones in the 1980
census was 92.9%.


Recognizing the need for more precise periodic measurements of subscribership, the
Commission requested that the Census Bureau include questions on telephone availability as part
of its CPS, which monitors demographic trends between the decennial censuses. This survey is a
staggered panel survey in which the people residing at particular addresses are included in the
survey for four consecutive months in one year and the same four months in the following year.
Use of the CPS has several advantages: it is conducted every month by an independent and
expert agency; the sample is large; and the questions are consistent. Thus, changes in the results
can be compared over time with a reasonable degree of confidence.


Unfortunately, the results of the CPS cannot be directly compared with the penetration
estimates based on the responses to the long forms of the 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial
censuses. This is due to differences in sampling techniques and survey methodologies and
because of differences in the context in which the questions were asked. For example, the 2000
decennial census reported 97.6% of all occupied housing units in the United States had telephone
service available, whereas the CPS data showed a penetration rate of 94.6% of households for
March 2000. This difference is statistically significant and may indicate that the CPS value may
be on the low side and the decennial census value may be on the high side, with the most
probable value lying somewhere in between. However, one reason for this difference is that the
CPS figures are based on households, while the decennial census figures are based on occupied
housing units. The long form of the decennial census is being replaced by the American
Community Survey, which is now available on an annual basis.


The specific questions asked in the CPS are: "Does this house, apartment, or mobile
home have telephone service from which you can both make and receive calls? Please include
cell phones, regular phones, and any other type of telephone."4 And, if the answer to the first

3
See Table 6, Statistics of Communications Common Carriers (Federal Communications
Commission, Year Ended December 31, 1980).

4
The questions are intended to be neutral as to whether the household has wireline or
wireless phones. Through November 2004, this question had been worded: "Is there a




2

question is "no," this is followed up with, "Is there a telephone elsewhere on which people in this
household can be called?" If the answer to the first question is "yes," the household is counted
as having a telephone "in unit." If the answer to either the first or second question is "yes," the
household is counted as having a telephone "available." The “in unit” data are reported in all of
the tables and charts in this report. The “available” data are also reported in Tables 3 through 12
and Charts 1 and 8.


Although the survey is conducted every month, not all questions are asked every month.
The telephone questions are asked once every four months, in the month that a household is first
included in the sample and in the month that the household re-enters the sample a year later.
Since the sample is staggered, the reported information for any given month actually reflects
responses over the preceding four months. Aggregated summaries of the responses are reported
to the Commission, based on the surveys conducted through March, July, and November of each
year.


The CPS data are based on a nationwide sample of about 50 to 60 thousand households in
the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The CPS does not cover outlying areas that are not
states, such as Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Northern
Mariana Islands.5 Because a sample is used, the estimates are subject to sampling error. For the
nationwide totals, changes in telephone penetration between consecutive reports of less than or
equal to 0.7% may be due to sampling error and cannot be regarded as statistically significant.
As explained below, when comparing the same month in two consecutive years, changes of less
than 0.6% are not statistically significant at the 95% confidence level. When comparing annual
averages, changes of less than or equal to 0.4% are not statistically significant. The annual
averages are the average of the three surveys of the year in question. For individual states or
other subgroups of the U.S. population, the amount of sampling variability is much greater,
because the sample sizes are smaller. This will require larger changes to yield statistical
significance at the same confidence level.


The data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Because there is a fifty percent
overlap in the sample with the sample for the same month in the previous year, there is a high

telephone in this house/apartment?" Because of the increasing number of households
that have wireless only, there was some concern that some of these households may not
think of their mobile phones when asked if they have a telephone. Consequently,
beginning in December 2004, CPS changed its telephone question to the wording given
above. The values since March 2005 reflect the new question. While we note there was
an apparent drop in the penetration rate between November 2004 and March 2005, at
least some of this drop may be attributable to households that responded to the previous
form of the question by reporting phones that were not in service.

5
Annual data for Puerto Rico have been available from the American Community Survey
starting with 2005. The latest available value for Puerto Rico from that survey is 91.9%
for 2008, compared to a national average (for the 50 states and the District of Columbia)
of 98.2%.




3

correlation between values a year apart. However, after accounting for this, there has been no
significant systematic seasonal variation.

Results and Statistical Analysis



Census Bureau figures for November 2009, the most recent data available, show that the
percentage of households subscribing to telephone service was 95.7%. This is the highest
reported penetration rate since the CPS began collecting this data in November 1983. This
increase of 0.7% from the 95.0% of November 2008 is statistically significant.6


This report includes figures showing subscribership percentages by state, by the head of
the household's age and race, by household size, by income, and, for adult individuals, by labor
force status. The November 2009 data show that 96.2% of adult individuals in the civilian non-
institutionalized population (CNP) have a telephone in their household. This increase of 0.5%
from the 95.7% of November 2008 is not statistically significant.


This report contains twelve tables and eight charts presenting penetration statistics for
various geographic and demographic characteristics. The charts and the first two tables present
summaries of the information. Tables 3 through 7 present more detailed information. In these
tables, only the annual averages are included for the years 1984 through 2006. March, July, and
November data for those years are available in previous subscribership reports or Monitoring
Reports in CC Docket Nos. 87-339 or 98-202. Tables 8 through 12 provide information
necessary to determine the statistical significance of changes in the penetration rates over time.


Table 1 summarizes the telephone penetration for the United States, combining
information on the number of households with the penetration rates.


Chart 1 graphically depicts the nationwide penetration rates for households over time.


Table 2 summarizes the telephone penetration rates by state, showing the rates for
November 1983 and November 2009, the change between those two months, and an indication
as to whether the change is statistically significant. The statistical significance of a change is
determined not only by the magnitude of that change, but also by the sizes of the samples used to
estimate the change.


Chart 2 depicts the states with November 2009 penetration rates (as shown in Table 2)
more than 1% below the national average, within 1% of the national average, or more than 1%
above the national average.


Chart 3 depicts changes in household penetration rates by state (as shown in Table 2)
between November 1983 and November 2009. States with statistically significant increases
(there are no significant decreases) are shown, along with other states with increases or
decreases.

6
As noted below (p. 5), changes from year to year for the same month are more reliable
than changes between consecutive reporting periods.




4



Chart 4 depicts the relationship between telephone penetration and household income,
using November 2009 penetration rates for all households and for households headed by white,
black, and Hispanic persons. It is based on data in Table 4.


Chart 5 depicts the relationship between telephone penetration and household size, using
November 2009 penetration rates for all households and for households headed by white, black,
and Hispanic persons. It is based on data in Table 5.


Chart 6 depicts the relationship between telephone penetration and the head of the
household's age, using November 2009 penetration rates for all households and for households
headed by white, black, and Hispanic persons. It is based on data in Table 6.


Chart 7 depicts the relationship between telephone penetration and labor force status for
civilian non-institutionalized adults, using November 2009 penetration rates for all adults and for
white, black, and Hispanic adults. It is based on data in Table 7.


Chart 8 graphically depicts the nationwide penetration rates for civilian non-
institutionalized adults over time. It is also based on data in Table 7.


Table 3 shows the CPS responses for the United States and for each state beginning with
November 1983. Because the CPS began collecting this data only in 1983, comparable values
are not available prior to November 1983. For each of the surveys, the column headed "Unit"
indicates the percentage of households for which there is telephone service in the housing unit.
The column headed "Avail" indicates the percentage of households which have telephone service
available for incoming and outgoing calls, either in the housing unit or elsewhere (such as at
work or at a neighbor’s home).


Table 4 shows the nationwide penetration rates for households by income and the race of
the head of the household. It shows a strong relationship between income and penetration.
Caution should be used in comparing these figures over time, because these income levels are
not adjusted for inflation. Thus, the same nominal income level at two points in time will reflect
different real incomes in terms of purchasing power.7 Also, the income categories have changed
over time due to the changing value of the dollar.


Table 5 shows the nationwide penetration rates for households by the size of the
household and the race of the head of the household. It shows that penetration is higher for
households of 2 to 5 people than it is for single-person households or those with 6 or more
people.


Table 6 shows the nationwide penetration rates for households by the age and race of the
head of the household. It shows that the penetration rate is lowest for young and non-white
households.

7
Our publication Telephone Penetration by Income by State (last published August 6,
2009) makes adjustments for inflation, making comparisons over time more appropriate.




5



Table 7 shows the nationwide penetration rates for all persons that are at least 15 years
old in the civilian non-institutionalized population by their race and employment status. Since
this table is for individual adults rather than households, the total penetration rates are different
from those in the previous tables. It shows that penetration is lowest among the unemployed.


Tables 8 through 12 present the critical values at the 95% confidence level for testing the
statistical significance of changes in penetration rates over time in the earlier tables.8 These
critical values are relevant because changes less than or equal to the values shown are likely to
be due to sampling error and thus cannot be regarded as demonstrating that a change in
telephone penetration has occurred. In some cases, these critical values are very large because
the sample sizes are very small for these subcategories, rendering the changes in estimated
penetration rates unreliable. Because there is an overlap of half of the sample from year to year,
but no overlap in the sample between surveys that are four months apart, annual changes are less
subject to variations in sampling error. Consequently, the critical values should be multiplied by
0.768 when making a comparison for the same month in two consecutive years. When
comparing the annual averages, the critical values should be multiplied by 0.55, since these
averages are based on three surveys and hence have a lower standard error. When comparing
annual averages of two consecutive years, the critical values should be multiplied by .42, taking
into account both of the above factors.

8
At the end of 2007, the Census Bureau revised their variability estimates upward,
probably reflecting the increased variability in the penetration rates in recent years.




6

Table 1

Household Telephone Subscribership in the United States

Households
Percentage
Households
Percentage
with
with
without
without
Date
Households
Telephones
Telephones
Telephones
Telephones
(millions)
(millions)
(millions)
November 1983
85.8
78.4
91.4%
7.4
8.6%
March
1984
86.0
78.9
91.8%
7.1
8.2%
July
1984
86.6
79.3
91.6%
7.3
8.4%
November 1984
87.4
79.9
91.4%
7.5
8.6%
March
1985
87.4
80.2
91.8%
7.2
8.2%
July
1985
88.2
81.0
91.8%
7.2
8.2%
November 1985
88.8
81.6
91.9%
7.2
8.1%
March
1986
89.0
82.1
92.2%
6.9
7.8%
July
1986
89.5
82.5
92.2%
7.0
7.8%
November 1986
89.9
83.1
92.4%
6.8
7.6%
March
1987
90.2
83.4
92.5%
6.8
7.5%
July
1987
90.7
83.7
92.3%
7.0
7.7%
November 1987
91.3
84.3
92.3%
7.0
7.7%
March
1988
91.8
85.3
92.9%
6.5
7.1%
July
1988
92.4
85.7
92.8%
6.7
7.2%
November 1988
92.6
85.7
92.5%
6.9
7.5%
March
1989
93.6
87.0
93.0%
6.6
7.0%
July
1989
93.8
87.5
93.3%
6.3
6.7%
November 1989
93.9
87.3
93.0%
6.6
7.0%
March
1990
94.2
87.9
93.3%
6.3
6.7%
July
1990
94.8
88.4
93.3%
6.4
6.7%
November 1990
94.7
88.4
93.3%
6.3
6.7%
March
1991
95.3
89.2
93.6%
6.1
6.4%
July
1991
95.5
89.1
93.3%
6.4
6.7%
November 1991
95.7
89.4
93.4%
6.3
6.6%
March
1992
96.6
90.7
93.9%
5.9
6.1%
July
1992
96.6
90.6
93.8%
6.0
6.2%
November 1992
97.0
91.0
93.8%
6.0
6.2%
March
1993
97.3
91.6
94.2%
5.7
5.8%
July
1993
97.9
92.2
94.2%
5.7
5.8%
November 1993
98.8
93.0
94.2%
5.8
5.8%
March
1994
98.1
92.1
93.9%
6.0
6.1%
July
1994
98.6
92.4
93.7%
6.2
6.3%
November 1994
99.8
93.7
93.8%
6.2
6.2%
March
1995
99.9
93.8
93.9%
6.1
6.1%
July
1995
100.0
94.0
94.0%
6.0
6.0%
November 1995
100.4
94.2
93.9%
6.2
6.1%
March
1996
100.6
94.4
93.8%
6.2
6.2%
July
1996
101.2
95.0
93.9%
6.1
6.1%
November 1996
101.3
95.1
93.9%
6.2
6.1%
March
1997
102.0
95.8
93.9%
6.2
6.1%
July
1997
102.3
96.1
93.9%
6.2
6.1%
November 1997
102.8
96.5
93.8%
6.3
6.2%
March
1998
103.4
97.4
94.1%
6.1
5.9%
July
1998
103.4
97.3
94.1%
6.1
5.9%
November 1998
104.1
98.0
94.2%
6.1
5.8%
March
1999
104.8
98.5
94.0%
6.3
6.0%
July
1999
105.1
99.2
94.4%
5.9
5.6%
November 1999
105.4
99.1
94.1%
6.3
5.9%
March
2000
105.3
99.6
94.6%
5.7
5.4%
July
2000
105.8
99.8
94.4%
5.9
5.6%
November 2000
106.5
100.2
94.1%
6.3
5.9%
March
2001
107.0
101.1
94.6%
5.8
5.4%
July
2001
106.9
101.7
95.1%
5.2
4.9%
November 2001
107.7
102.2
94.9%
5.5
5.1%
March
2002
108.3
103.4
95.5%
4.8
4.5%
July
2002
108.5
103.2
95.1%
5.3
4.9%
November 2002
109.0
104.0
95.3%
5.1
4.7%
March
2003
112.1
107.1
95.5%
5.0
4.5%
July
2003
112.1
106.8
95.2%
5.3
4.8%
November 2003
113.1
107.1
94.7%
6.0
5.3%
March
2004
112.9
106.4
94.2%
6.5
5.8%
July
2004
113.5
106.5
93.8%
7.1
6.2%
November 2004
113.8
106.4
93.5%
7.4
6.5%
March
2005
114.5
105.8
92.4%
8.7
7.6%
July
2005
114.4
107.5
94.0%
6.8
6.0%
November 2005
115.2
107.0
92.9%
8.2
7.1%
March
2006
115.5
107.2
92.8%
8.4
7.2%
July
2006
116.2
109.9
94.6%
6.3
5.4%
November 2006
116.4
108.8
93.4%
7.6
6.6%
March
2007
117.1
110.8
94.6%
6.4
5.4%
July
2007
117.7
111.7
95.0%
5.9
5.0%
November 2007
118.2
112.2
94.9%
6.0
5.1%
March
2008
117.8
112.2
95.2%
5.6
4.8%
July
2008
118.0
112.6
95.4%
5.5
4.6%
November 2008
118.6
112.7
95.0%
5.9
5.0%
March
2009
118.4
113.2
95.6%
5.2
4.4%
July
2009
118.4
113.3
95.7%
5.1
4.3%
November 2009
119.2
114.0
95.7%
5.1
4.3%
Note: Details may not appear to add to totals due to rounding.
7

Chart 1
Telephone Penetration
Households
100
97
94
lephone
e
ent with T
c
91
Per
88
85
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
N8
M84
J84
N8
M85
J85
N8
M86
J86
N8
M87
J87
N8
M88
J88
N8
M89
J89
N8
M90
J90
N9
M91
J91
N9
M92
J92
N9
M93
J93
N9
M94
J94
N9
M95
J95
N9
M96
J96
N9
M97
J97
N9
M98
J98
N9
M99
J99
N9
M00
J00
N0
M01
J01
N0
M02
J02
N0
M03
J03
N0
M04
J04
N0
M05
J05
N0
M06
J06
N0
M07
J07
N0
M08
J08
N0
M09
J09
N0
Month (March, July, November)
In Unit
Available
8

Table 2

Telephone Penetration by State

(Percentage of Households with Telephone Service)

State

November 1983

November 2009

Change

Alabama
87.9 %
95.5 %
7.6 % *
Alaska
83.8
97.0
13.3
*
Arizona
88.8
94.7
6.0

Arkansas
88.2
92.8
4.7

California
91.7
96.7
5.0
*
Colorado
94.4
96.8
2.4

Connecticut
95.5
97.0
1.5

Delaware
95.0
95.3
0.3

District of Columbia
94.7
91.1
-3.6

Florida
85.5
93.4
7.9
*
Georgia
88.9
93.6
4.7

Hawaii
94.6
97.2
2.6

Idaho
89.5
97.8
8.3
*
Illinois
95.0
94.7
-0.3

Indiana
90.3
93.7
3.4

Iowa
95.4
97.7
2.3

Kansas
94.9
96.9
2.0

Kentucky
86.9
92.8
5.9
*
Louisiana
88.9
97.2
8.3

Maine
90.7
97.9
7.1
*
Maryland
96.3
95.6
-0.6

Massachusetts
94.3
98.4
4.0

Michigan
93.8
95.8
2.0

Minnesota
96.4
97.0
0.6

Mississippi
82.4
94.3
11.9
*
Missouri
92.1
96.7
4.6
*
Montana
92.8
92.0
-0.8

Nebraska
94.0
95.3
1.3

Nevada
89.4
94.3
4.9
*
New Hampshire
95.0
98.4
3.4

New Jersey
94.1
97.0
2.9

New Mexico
85.3
90.9
5.6

New York
90.8
95.0
4.1
*
North Carolina
89.3
93.9
4.6

North Dakota
95.1
97.6
2.5

Ohio
92.2
97.1
4.9
*
Oklahoma
91.5
96.5
5.0

Oregon
91.2
99.0
7.8
*
Pennsylvania
95.1
98.6
3.5
*
Rhode Island
93.3
96.3
2.9

South Carolina
81.8
92.1
10.3
*
South Dakota
92.7
96.8
4.1

Tennessee
87.6
93.8
6.2

Texas
89.0
94.8
5.8
*
Utah
90.3
96.7
6.4
*
Vermont
92.7
98.9
6.2
*
Virginia
93.1
96.3
3.2

Washington
92.5
98.4
5.9
*
West Virginia
88.1
95.9
7.7
*
Wisconsin
94.8
98.4
3.6

Wyoming
89.7
97.1
7.3
*
Total United States
91.4
95.7
4.3
*
* Increase is statistically significant at the 95% confidence level.
Differences may not appear to equal changes due to rounding.
9

Chart 2

November 2009 Telephone Penetration
94.6% or less
94.7% - 96.7%
96.8% or more
10

Chart 3

11/83 - 11/09 Penetration Changes
Decrease
Increase
Significant Increase
11

Chart 4

Telephone Penetration by Income Level

November 2009

100
95
90
85
ds
80
ousehol
75
70
ent of H
c
Per
65
60
55
50
UNDER
$5,000 -
$7,500 -
$10,000 -
$12,500 -
$15,000 -
$20,000 -
$25,000 -
$30,000 -
$35,000 -
$40,000 -
$50,000 -
$60,000 -
$75,000 -
$100,000 -
$150,000 +
$5,000
$7,499
$9,999
$12,499
$14,999
$19,999
$24,999
$29,999
$34,999
$39,999
$49,999
$59,999
$74,999
$99,999
$149,999
Income
Total
White
Black
Hispanic
12

Chart 5

Telephone Penetration by Household Size

November 2009

100
95
90
85
eholds
80
75
Hous
of
70
ent
r
c
e
P
65
60
55
50
1
2 - 3
4 - 5
6+
Persons in Household
*
Chart 6

Telephone Penetration by Householder's Age

November 2009

100
95
90
85
eholds
80
75
Hous
of
70
ent
r
c
e
P
65
60
55
50
15-24
25-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-99
Householder's Age
Chart 7

Telephone Penetration by Labor Force Status

November 2009

100
95
90
85
s
80
dult
A
of
75
ent
r
c
70
e
P
65
60
55
50
Total CNP
Employed
Unemployed
Not in Labor Force
Labor Force Status
Total
White
Black
Hispanic
13

Chart 8
Telephone Penetration
Civilian Noninstitutionalized Adults
100
97
94
lephone
e
ent with T
c
91
Per
88
85
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
N8
M84
J84
N8
M85
J85
N8
M86
J86
N8
M87
J87
N8
M88
J88
N8
M89
J89
N8
M90
J90
N9
M91
J91
N9
M92
J92
N9
M93
J93
N9
M94
J94
N9
M95
J95
N9
M96
J96
N9
M97
J97
N9
M98
J98
N9
M99
J99
N9
M00
J00
N0
M01
J01
N0
M02
J02
N0
M03
J03
N0
M04
J04
N0
M05
J05
N0
M06
J06
N0
M07
J07
N0
M08
J08
N0
M09
J09
N0
Month (March, July, November)
In Unit
Available
14

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

1983
1984
1985
1986

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

NOVEMBER

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

91.4
93.7
91.6
93.7
91.8
93.9
92.3
94.1

ALABAMA

87.9
90.2
88.4
90.5
89.1
91.0
88.7
90.4

ALASKA

83.8
88.8
86.5
89.0
87.1
89.5
86.4
88.9

ARIZONA

88.8
90.7
86.9
89.4
87.3
89.6
89.4
90.9

ARKANSAS

88.2
91.4
86.6
90.6
85.9
89.9
86.4
90.4

CALIFORNIA

91.7
93.5
92.5
93.8
92.9
94.1
93.0
94.0

COLORADO

94.4
96.5
93.2
95.4
94.3
96.2
94.1
96.0

CONNECTICUT

95.5
98.4
95.5
97.0
96.2
97.6
97.0
97.9

DELAWARE

95.0
96.6
94.3
95.7
94.8
96.2
94.7
96.3

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

94.7
95.6
94.9
96.3
93.6
95.2
92.2
94.0

FLORIDA

85.5
89.9
88.7
91.3
89.6
91.7
90.0
92.5

GEORGIA

88.9
92.1
86.2
89.1
87.6
89.7
88.4
91.0

HAWAII

94.6
96.4
93.5
94.9
93.0
95.0
92.2
94.4

IDAHO

89.5
92.2
90.7
91.7
91.8
93.1
91.5
93.1

ILLINOIS

95.0
95.9
94.2
95.8
93.7
95.3
93.6
95.2

INDIANA

90.3
93.5
91.6
93.6
92.3
94.7
92.2
94.3

IOWA

95.4
97.2
96.2
97.4
95.1
96.4
95.7
96.5

KANSAS

94.9
96.7
94.3
95.8
94.4
96.4
94.6
96.1

KENTUCKY

86.9
90.9
88.1
91.0
87.4
91.1
86.2
90.6

LOUISIANA

88.9
93.3
89.7
92.7
90.3
93.6
88.7
91.9

MAINE

90.7
93.1
93.4
95.3
94.0
95.6
93.4
95.4

MARYLAND

96.3
96.7
95.7
96.5
95.5
96.7
95.7
96.7

MASSACHUSETTS

94.3
95.9
95.9
96.9
95.2
96.3
96.4
97.1

MICHIGAN

93.8
94.9
92.8
94.5
92.9
94.2
93.4
94.5

MINNESOTA

96.4
97.5
95.8
97.1
96.4
97.4
96.2
97.2

MISSISSIPPI

82.4
89.1
82.4
87.5
80.9
87.6
80.1
87.3

MISSOURI

92.1
94.1
91.5
93.7
92.5
94.8
93.4
94.9

MONTANA

92.8
94.5
91.0
94.0
91.4
93.9
90.9
93.7

NEBRASKA

94.0
95.3
95.7
96.8
95.3
96.6
95.6
96.8

NEVADA

89.4
91.9
90.4
92.8
91.8
93.8
92.4
93.7

NEW HAMPSHIRE

95.0
96.9
94.3
95.8
93.2
94.6
94.0
95.0

NEW JERSEY

94.1
95.1
94.8
96.1
94.9
96.2
94.9
96.1

NEW MEXICO

85.3
90.9
82.0
87.0
84.1
88.2
85.1
89.1

NEW YORK

90.8
92.2
91.8
93.6
92.1
93.6
93.2
94.3

NORTH CAROLINA

89.3
92.9
88.3
91.9
89.4
92.4
90.2
92.5

NORTH DAKOTA

95.1
97.3
94.6
96.8
95.3
96.7
96.1
97.0

OHIO

92.2
93.9
92.4
94.4
92.2
94.5
93.1
94.4

OKLAHOMA

91.5
93.7
90.3
92.5
88.8
91.7
90.4
93.0

OREGON

91.2
93.5
90.6
92.3
90.3
92.1
92.7
94.3

PENNSYLVANIA

95.1
97.1
94.9
96.5
95.3
96.6
96.3
97.4

RHODE ISLAND

93.3
94.6
93.6
94.6
94.0
95.1
95.9
96.8

SOUTH CAROLINA

81.8
84.9
83.7
87.7
86.8
90.5
86.3
90.6

SOUTH DAKOTA

92.7
95.0
93.2
94.9
92.6
94.5
92.6
94.2

TENNESSEE

87.6
92.6
88.5
92.0
89.3
92.6
89.6
93.6

TEXAS

89.0
92.6
88.4
91.6
88.1
91.6
88.9
91.9

UTAH

90.3
92.2
92.5
94.2
93.9
95.1
93.0
93.9

VERMONT

92.7
94.3
92.3
94.0
92.9
94.1
93.8
95.6

VIRGINIA

93.1
94.7
93.1
95.1
91.7
93.8
92.1
94.1

WASHINGTON

92.5
93.7
93.0
94.4
94.7
96.2
94.6
96.3

WEST VIRGINIA

88.1
91.1
87.7
91.8
87.6
91.7
88.2
91.9

WISCONSIN

94.8
96.1
95.2
96.6
94.1
95.4
95.1
95.9

WYOMING

89.7
93.3
89.9
92.8
93.4
94.9
92.1
95.1
15

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

1987
1988
1989
1990

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

92.4
94.2
92.7
94.5
93.1
94.9
93.3
95.0

ALABAMA

87.5
89.6
87.3
89.6
89.0
91.3
89.5
91.1

ALASKA

87.8
90.2
87.6
89.9
86.8
89.9
89.3
92.6

ARIZONA

88.6
90.7
90.6
92.3
91.6
93.2
93.0
95.1

ARKANSAS

86.3
90.7
86.1
90.2
87.5
91.0
88.7
91.9

CALIFORNIA

93.8
95.0
94.4
95.5
94.9
96.0
94.6
95.5

COLORADO

92.9
95.5
93.8
95.4
94.6
96.0
94.7
96.3

CONNECTICUT

97.0
98.0
96.3
98.9
98.1
98.5
97.1
97.7

DELAWARE

96.5
97.3
97.0
97.9
96.6
97.5
96.0
97.1

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

92.4
94.2
94.6
95.9
92.7
94.8
91.4
93.2

FLORIDA

91.7
93.8
92.7
94.5
92.9
94.5
93.0
94.9

GEORGIA

88.7
91.3
90.1
92.4
90.2
92.9
90.9
93.4

HAWAII

94.2
96.6
94.5
96.3
95.1
96.9
95.3
96.8

IDAHO

91.1
92.5
92.2
93.3
92.5
93.6
92.8
94.1

ILLINOIS

93.7
95.2
94.2
95.6
93.9
95.4
94.3
95.7

INDIANA

91.2
93.2
92.3
94.9
93.2
95.9
92.8
95.9

IOWA

95.1
96.3
95.4
96.9
96.3
97.5
96.1
96.9

KANSAS

95.2
96.6
94.4
95.7
94.4
95.8
95.4
96.5

KENTUCKY

86.5
90.6
87.5
90.9
88.9
92.7
89.1
93.3

LOUISIANA

87.5
90.8
87.3
91.1
88.6
91.3
89.4
92.0

MAINE

93.5
95.2
94.2
95.9
95.3
96.4
95.7
97.6

MARYLAND

95.4
96.6
95.9
97.2
95.0
96.6
95.4
96.7

MASSACHUSETTS

96.4
97.0
96.9
97.3
97.1
97.8
96.6
97.4

MICHIGAN

93.7
94.8
93.9
95.0
93.7
94.9
94.1
95.5

MINNESOTA

96.0
97.4
97.2
98.4
96.8
97.8
96.9
98.1

MISSISSIPPI

81.5
86.3
83.3
88.6
85.5
90.3
87.0
90.9

MISSOURI

93.0
95.3
93.5
95.6
91.0
93.4
92.0
95.3

MONTANA

90.9
93.9
91.7
94.2
91.7
94.3
92.0
94.2

NEBRASKA

94.6
96.1
95.4
96.1
95.2
96.3
96.2
97.1

NEVADA

92.4
93.7
92.4
93.4
92.7
93.3
92.6
93.6

NEW HAMPSHIRE

94.1
96.2
95.2
96.1
95.4
97.1
95.0
96.5

NEW JERSEY

95.0
96.3
94.4
95.9
94.8
96.1
94.7
95.9

NEW MEXICO

86.0
89.3
85.7
89.1
85.8
89.6
85.8
89.5

NEW YORK

92.7
94.2
92.4
94.0
92.3
94.0
91.1
92.8

NORTH CAROLINA

89.2
91.7
90.4
92.8
91.9
94.1
91.9
94.2

NORTH DAKOTA

96.8
97.4
96.8
97.5
97.0
98.0
97.0
97.9

OHIO

93.4
94.7
94.4
95.2
94.6
95.5
95.2
96.3

OKLAHOMA

88.7
91.8
88.9
91.6
88.2
91.2
89.5
92.7

OREGON

93.3
94.8
92.0
93.5
92.3
93.9
94.5
95.9

PENNSYLVANIA

96.4
97.3
96.2
97.1
97.0
97.5
96.9
97.6

RHODE ISLAND

95.2
96.3
95.4
96.5
95.4
96.3
95.6
96.5

SOUTH CAROLINA

87.7
90.6
88.5
91.4
87.8
90.8
90.2
93.2

SOUTH DAKOTA

92.8
95.0
92.9
95.4
93.3
95.0
93.4
95.3

TENNESSEE

89.2
92.6
90.3
93.5
91.9
95.1
91.6
94.1

TEXAS

89.5
92.2
88.5
91.3
88.8
91.6
89.4
92.0

UTAH

92.3
94.6
92.5
94.5
95.9
96.5
95.6
96.3

VERMONT

95.3
96.9
95.6
96.8
93.9
95.7
94.9
96.9

VIRGINIA

92.5
94.6
92.9
95.5
93.2
95.7
93.0
94.9

WASHINGTON

94.3
96.4
94.3
95.7
96.4
97.3
97.1
97.7

WEST VIRGINIA

87.8
91.5
87.3
91.4
86.8
90.3
87.6
91.7

WISCONSIN

96.4
97.1
97.0
98.0
97.3
98.4
96.9
97.7

WYOMING

92.3
94.1
93.0
94.4
93.6
95.5
94.1
95.9
16

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

1991
1992
1993
1994

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

93.4
95.1
93.8
95.3
94.2
95.6
93.8
95.4

ALABAMA

91.4
93.3
90.8
93.2
91.9
94.3
91.3
94.3

ALASKA

90.8
93.5
91.7
94.4
89.9
93.8
91.8
94.6

ARIZONA

93.4
94.9
93.3
94.7
93.3
94.4
93.9
95.3

ARKANSAS

87.6
91.4
87.3
91.0
87.8
91.0
90.2
93.5

CALIFORNIA

95.0
95.9
95.6
96.5
95.8
96.7
94.8
95.7

COLORADO

95.4
97.0
95.5
96.3
96.1
96.5
96.7
97.7

CONNECTICUT

96.2
97.3
96.6
97.3
96.7
97.5
96.5
97.5

DELAWARE

96.4
97.5
96.5
97.8
96.5
96.8
95.5
97.1

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

90.9
92.6
88.7
90.5
90.2
91.7
90.0
91.2

FLORIDA

93.3
95.0
93.5
95.1
93.8
95.1
93.5
94.9

GEORGIA

89.9
91.7
90.2
91.9
93.2
94.2
91.1
93.2

HAWAII

95.1
96.4
95.3
96.8
94.4
96.3
94.3
96.1

IDAHO

92.0
93.6
93.0
94.7
94.4
95.7
94.7
96.2

ILLINOIS

93.8
95.6
93.8
95.5
93.6
95.3
93.6
95.2

INDIANA

92.2
94.6
91.9
93.2
93.7
95.1
93.6
94.8

IOWA

95.6
97.4
95.4
97.4
96.4
97.4
96.8
98.0

KANSAS

94.5
95.7
95.2
96.6
95.6
96.3
94.7
96.2

KENTUCKY

88.1
92.9
89.6
92.6
89.8
93.1
91.2
93.8

LOUISIANA

91.1
93.9
91.7
93.9
90.4
92.2
91.4
93.9

MAINE

94.4
96.6
93.2
95.3
96.0
98.1
96.0
97.8

MARYLAND

96.3
97.2
96.0
97.4
96.7
97.9
95.6
96.6

MASSACHUSETTS

96.4
97.4
96.8
97.5
96.9
97.9
96.5
97.1

MICHIGAN

94.1
95.5
94.4
95.5
95.6
96.5
95.0
96.6

MINNESOTA

97.1
97.9
96.7
98.1
96.1
97.3
95.6
97.2

MISSISSIPPI

86.0
90.9
86.3
90.4
87.2
90.6
88.6
92.5

MISSOURI

93.6
95.2
94.0
96.0
93.1
95.3
93.8
96.0

MONTANA

92.5
94.4
93.2
95.7
94.6
96.3
93.9
95.5

NEBRASKA

95.9
96.4
96.4
97.1
96.6
97.2
96.7
98.0

NEVADA

93.3
94.5
93.7
94.6
95.4
95.9
93.0
93.5

NEW HAMPSHIRE

96.2
97.5
95.4
96.4
96.0
96.9
96.4
97.3

NEW JERSEY

93.6
95.2
94.4
95.3
94.3
95.1
92.9
94.1

NEW MEXICO

87.1
89.9
88.4
90.9
90.2
93.3
88.3
91.2

NEW YORK

91.9
93.4
93.4
94.5
93.5
94.8
93.1
94.4

NORTH CAROLINA

91.8
94.2
92.5
94.5
92.7
94.6
92.6
95.2

NORTH DAKOTA

96.3
97.6
95.8
97.1
97.1
98.0
96.5
97.7

OHIO

94.5
95.8
94.6
95.6
94.9
96.0
94.8
96.0

OKLAHOMA

89.3
91.9
90.9
93.1
92.1
94.0
91.8
93.6

OREGON

94.7
95.4
93.9
94.7
94.8
95.7
96.1
97.0

PENNSYLVANIA

96.8
97.8
96.9
97.7
97.3
98.0
97.0
98.0

RHODE ISLAND

94.7
96.3
94.8
96.0
95.5
96.7
95.9
97.3

SOUTH CAROLINA

90.0
93.3
89.2
92.9
89.8
91.9
89.4
92.3

SOUTH DAKOTA

93.7
95.7
94.1
95.6
93.7
95.4
94.7
96.1

TENNESSEE

92.2
94.6
93.1
95.2
92.0
93.9
93.1
95.6

TEXAS

91.1
93.6
91.5
94.2
91.6
94.3
90.8
93.2

UTAH

96.2
97.0
95.9
96.5
96.0
96.8
95.7
97.1

VERMONT

94.4
96.5
94.2
95.6
94.6
95.9
94.6
96.3

VIRGINIA

92.6
94.7
94.8
96.4
94.3
95.9
94.8
96.7

WASHINGTON

96.8
97.3
96.0
96.9
96.8
98.0
96.0
97.2

WEST VIRGINIA

89.0
93.0
89.3
92.6
90.6
93.6
90.8
94.2

WISCONSIN

96.5
97.5
97.0
97.7
96.9
97.6
96.1
97.6

WYOMING

94.6
96.3
92.7
94.9
93.9
95.7
93.5
95.5
17

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

1995
1996
1997
1998

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

93.9
95.2
93.9
95.0
93.9
95.0
94.1
95.2

ALABAMA

92.2
94.0
92.2
93.9
92.3
93.6
93.3
94.4

ALASKA

93.6
95.6
94.4
95.4
94.5
96.4
94.0
96.0

ARIZONA

93.8
95.1
93.1
94.1
91.6
93.2
91.9
93.0

ARKANSAS

89.4
92.5
86.9
89.7
89.8
91.8
88.0
89.8

CALIFORNIA

94.5
95.3
95.0
95.6
94.3
94.9
95.2
95.9

COLORADO

96.6
97.2
95.5
96.4
95.9
97.3
95.0
96.0

CONNECTICUT

96.9
98.0
97.5
98.2
94.2
94.8
95.5
96.2

DELAWARE

96.2
96.8
96.1
97.1
95.7
96.7
96.7
97.0

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

90.9
92.3
93.0
94.2
90.8
92.3
91.0
92.3

FLORIDA

93.9
94.8
93.1
94.2
92.8
94.0
92.6
93.5

GEORGIA

90.0
91.8
89.7
91.1
92.0
93.0
91.4
92.5

HAWAII

94.7
96.0
94.8
95.9
94.5
95.6
95.4
96.3

IDAHO

95.1
96.1
92.9
94.3
94.0
94.7
93.3
94.2

ILLINOIS

93.6
95.0
93.0
94.2
92.2
93.7
92.8
93.9

INDIANA

94.4
95.9
93.7
95.1
93.8
95.1
94.4
95.7

IOWA

96.4
97.6
96.6
96.9
96.7
97.5
96.7
97.5

KANSAS

93.9
95.0
93.9
95.2
94.0
95.2
94.3
95.3

KENTUCKY

92.1
94.2
92.3
93.3
93.2
94.3
93.3
95.1

LOUISIANA

92.6
95.3
91.1
93.3
91.0
93.5
92.3
93.3

MAINE

95.7
96.9
96.5
97.8
96.1
97.3
96.9
97.9

MARYLAND

96.4
96.8
96.7
97.2
95.7
96.3
96.5
97.0

MASSACHUSETTS

95.9
96.7
95.7
96.7
95.4
96.3
94.5
95.4

MICHIGAN

95.2
96.0
95.0
95.6
94.3
95.2
95.0
96.0

MINNESOTA

97.3
98.1
97.1
98.0
96.9
98.0
97.8
98.3

MISSISSIPPI

86.5
91.1
87.5
91.6
89.2
93.2
89.5
92.0

MISSOURI

94.4
95.7
95.3
96.7
95.0
96.2
94.6
95.9

MONTANA

94.2
95.3
94.3
95.5
93.7
94.8
94.1
95.0

NEBRASKA

97.1
97.8
96.0
96.9
97.1
97.8
96.2
97.0

NEVADA

92.6
93.6
93.5
94.1
94.1
94.4
92.3
93.3

NEW HAMPSHIRE

96.2
97.2
96.1
96.9
96.5
97.4
95.5
96.6

NEW JERSEY

92.3
93.2
93.6
94.8
94.9
96.0
94.5
95.3

NEW MEXICO

86.4
88.8
86.2
88.6
88.1
90.8
88.2
91.3

NEW YORK

92.9
93.9
93.4
94.3
94.2
95.1
94.8
95.7

NORTH CAROLINA

93.4
95.1
93.5
95.1
93.1
94.2
93.1
94.0

NORTH DAKOTA

97.2
97.9
96.3
96.7
95.8
97.0
96.8
97.5

OHIO

94.0
95.0
94.5
95.6
94.6
95.3
95.6
96.3

OKLAHOMA

91.5
92.9
91.3
92.6
91.4
93.1
90.6
91.7

OREGON

96.4
96.9
96.0
96.8
95.6
96.3
96.0
97.2

PENNSYLVANIA

96.8
97.5
96.9
97.5
97.1
97.6
96.8
97.4

RHODE ISLAND

96.0
97.4
95.7
96.3
94.5
95.6
95.6
96.5

SOUTH CAROLINA

90.5
92.3
91.3
93.6
92.5
93.8
92.9
94.1

SOUTH DAKOTA

94.3
95.9
93.3
94.5
93.9
95.0
90.6
91.7

TENNESSEE

93.0
95.5
94.0
96.2
94.5
96.4
94.6
96.3

TEXAS

91.3
93.3
91.0
92.6
91.3
93.0
92.2
93.7

UTAH

97.6
97.9
96.7
97.0
96.9
97.7
97.1
97.7

VERMONT

96.5
98.0
95.9
97.7
95.1
96.7
95.2
96.1

VIRGINIA

95.9
97.3
94.9
96.1
94.5
95.7
93.9
94.6

WASHINGTON

95.7
96.6
94.5
95.5
95.9
96.9
95.2
95.9

WEST VIRGINIA

92.7
94.9
92.9
95.0
93.2
94.9
93.8
95.5

WISCONSIN

97.3
97.7
97.0
97.7
96.3
97.2
95.9
96.8

WYOMING

94.1
95.5
95.0
95.7
93.4
95.0
93.7
94.6
18

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

1999
2000
2001
2002

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

94.2
95.0
94.4
95.2
94.9
95.7
95.3
96.2

ALABAMA

91.5
93.0
91.9
93.3
92.8
94.0
92.2
93.2

ALASKA

94.6
96.5
94.3
96.9
96.0
97.1
96.4
97.9

ARIZONA

93.2
93.8
93.9
94.8
94.5
95.1
94.8
96.0

ARKANSAS

88.9
90.5
88.6
89.9
91.3
92.9
92.1
93.4

CALIFORNIA

95.7
96.2
95.8
96.4
96.6
97.0
97.0
97.4

COLORADO

96.7
97.2
96.3
96.7
96.7
97.3
97.2
97.7

CONNECTICUT

96.5
96.8
96.4
96.8
96.1
96.8
97.4
97.9

DELAWARE

95.7
96.9
96.3
97.1
96.2
96.9
96.8
97.3

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

92.4
93.5
93.2
94.1
94.5
95.5
94.0
95.6

FLORIDA

92.6
93.6
92.1
92.9
93.2
94.0
94.3
95.2

GEORGIA

92.1
93.2
91.1
92.5
92.4
93.4
94.0
94.8

HAWAII

96.3
97.1
94.7
95.3
95.7
96.6
96.8
97.7

IDAHO

93.8
94.6
93.9
94.8
94.5
95.6
95.0
96.1

ILLINOIS

91.8
93.0
91.5
92.3
92.5
93.4
92.8
93.7

INDIANA

93.8
95.2
94.5
95.3
93.9
95.0
93.4
94.5

IOWA

95.8
96.5
96.2
97.1
97.1
97.8
96.9
97.8

KANSAS

93.8
94.8
94.8
95.7
94.2
95.9
95.5
96.6

KENTUCKY

92.8
94.1
93.3
94.3
93.5
94.5
95.0
96.0

LOUISIANA

91.5
93.1
92.6
93.8
93.6
94.6
92.4
93.6

MAINE

97.2
97.9
97.9
98.3
97.8
98.5
97.9
98.7

MARYLAND

95.3
95.8
95.0
96.0
96.0
96.3
96.4
97.0

MASSACHUSETTS

95.4
96.0
94.6
95.5
95.6
96.1
96.9
97.5

MICHIGAN

94.2
94.9
95.0
95.6
94.7
95.6
94.3
94.9

MINNESOTA

96.9
97.3
97.4
97.8
97.5
97.8
97.7
98.3

MISSISSIPPI

88.0
91.2
89.2
92.0
89.9
92.6
91.4
93.3

MISSOURI

95.6
96.6
95.8
96.9
96.1
96.8
96.2
97.0

MONTANA

95.3
96.2
94.6
95.1
95.0
95.7
94.8
96.0

NEBRASKA

95.9
96.6
97.3
98.0
96.6
97.4
95.8
96.7

NEVADA

93.1
93.5
94.0
94.5
95.1
95.8
95.5
96.1

NEW HAMPSHIRE

97.0
97.6
97.7
98.3
98.3
98.6
97.2
97.7

NEW JERSEY

93.9
94.3
94.6
95.0
95.8
96.4
95.9
96.9

NEW MEXICO

89.8
91.4
91.2
92.7
92.2
93.6
91.8
93.9

NEW YORK

95.3
96.1
95.1
95.7
95.1
95.9
95.8
96.3

NORTH CAROLINA

93.9
94.8
93.9
95.0
93.6
94.7
94.3
95.2

NORTH DAKOTA

97.3
97.9
95.8
96.4
94.4
95.3
94.9
95.0

OHIO

94.7
95.6
94.8
95.8
96.0
96.7
95.9
96.9

OKLAHOMA

91.2
92.5
91.2
92.3
93.2
94.3
93.1
94.6

OREGON

95.2
96.1
94.8
95.6
95.6
96.5
97.2
97.7

PENNSYLVANIA

97.1
97.4
96.6
97.1
97.0
97.5
98.0
98.2

RHODE ISLAND

94.3
94.7
94.9
95.9
96.3
96.7
96.1
96.7

SOUTH CAROLINA

92.9
94.0
93.2
94.2
94.5
95.6
94.3
95.1

SOUTH DAKOTA

92.7
93.4
94.3
95.0
95.1
95.8
95.1
95.6

TENNESSEE

94.5
96.0
95.5
96.6
93.2
94.7
93.6
94.9

TEXAS

92.4
93.5
93.5
94.4
93.8
94.9
94.2
95.5

UTAH

95.6
96.5
95.9
96.5
96.6
96.9
96.7
97.6

VERMONT

95.3
96.7
95.6
96.2
97.2
97.8
97.6
98.1

VIRGINIA

93.2
94.1
95.4
96.0
94.7
95.3
96.2
96.8

WASHINGTON

95.9
96.4
94.9
96.0
96.0
96.9
96.4
97.2

WEST VIRGINIA

92.7
94.6
94.0
95.3
93.5
95.3
94.5
95.7

WISCONSIN

95.7
96.6
94.8
96.0
95.8
96.8
96.1
97.0

WYOMING

95.0
95.6
94.7
96.0
93.8
94.8
94.0
94.8
19

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

2003
2004
2005
2006

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

95.1
96.0
93.8
94.8
93.1
94.3
93.6
94.7

ALABAMA

91.7
93.0
92.2
93.4
91.6
92.8
90.4
92.4

ALASKA

96.8
98.2
95.6
96.8
95.2
96.4
95.7
97.2

ARIZONA

95.2
96.1
91.8
92.7
92.9
93.9
92.5
93.6

ARKANSAS

91.0
92.3
88.6
90.8
87.9
90.5
90.0
91.7

CALIFORNIA

97.1
97.5
96.0
96.5
95.4
96.2
95.6
96.3

COLORADO

96.8
97.4
95.8
96.4
95.1
96.0
94.7
95.5

CONNECTICUT

96.8
97.9
95.5
96.3
93.9
95.0
95.2
96.1

DELAWARE

96.6
97.2
96.0
97.0
91.5
92.8
93.5
94.4

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

95.3
96.3
91.9
93.0
92.2
94.0
91.2
93.0

FLORIDA

94.6
95.3
93.4
94.6
91.8
93.4
92.7
94.2

GEORGIA

93.7
94.4
91.2
92.0
89.8
91.1
90.5
91.5

HAWAII

97.3
98.2
95.4
96.4
94.8
95.7
95.5
96.5

IDAHO

94.5
95.9
94.8
95.7
94.8
95.8
95.5
96.1

ILLINOIS

91.7
92.6
90.1
91.0
89.6
90.5
90.8
91.5

INDIANA

93.5
94.5
91.8
93.1
90.8
92.3
89.3
90.5

IOWA

96.8
97.5
95.4
96.6
95.4
96.1
96.1
96.8

KANSAS

95.9
97.0
94.8
96.0
94.3
95.6
94.3
95.3

KENTUCKY

94.6
95.5
91.4
92.9
91.3
93.0
91.3
92.7

LOUISIANA

93.2
94.3
90.9
92.3
91.8
93.5
93.9
95.2

MAINE

97.8
98.3
96.6
97.8
95.7
96.8
96.3
97.5

MARYLAND

97.7
98.1
93.4
94.2
94.0
94.7
95.4
96.6

MASSACHUSETTS

97.6
98.2
96.4
96.9
94.5
95.6
95.3
96.2

MICHIGAN

94.3
95.5
93.7
94.6
92.6
94.0
94.2
94.8

MINNESOTA

96.9
97.5
97.1
97.9
96.2
97.3
97.6
98.5

MISSISSIPPI

91.7
93.5
89.6
90.9
89.5
92.0
90.5
92.8

MISSOURI

95.9
96.5
93.7
94.8
94.2
95.6
94.9
96.3

MONTANA

93.2
94.3
93.5
94.4
93.0
94.9
93.3
94.8

NEBRASKA

96.0
96.5
95.7
96.8
94.3
96.3
93.5
95.6

NEVADA

94.5
95.1
92.2
92.9
91.2
92.1
93.0
93.7

NEW HAMPSHIRE

97.6
97.9
96.4
96.9
95.8
96.8
96.4
97.2

NEW JERSEY

96.3
97.2
95.1
95.9
93.8
95.0
94.9
95.6

NEW MEXICO

91.7
93.7
91.4
93.5
91.2
92.9
88.5
90.2

NEW YORK

95.2
95.8
94.5
95.2
92.1
93.6
91.6
93.0

NORTH CAROLINA

94.1
95.2
93.3
94.4
92.8
94.1
93.3
95.0

NORTH DAKOTA

94.1
94.9
95.0
95.7
96.3
97.0
96.5
97.2

OHIO

96.3
96.9
94.9
96.0
94.1
94.9
94.7
95.8

OKLAHOMA

91.6
92.7
91.0
93.1
89.2
91.2
92.2
94.0

OREGON

96.5
97.0
95.5
96.2
95.7
96.7
96.7
97.3

PENNSYLVANIA

97.0
97.5
95.6
96.1
95.6
96.4
96.3
96.9

RHODE ISLAND

96.9
97.4
95.3
95.8
95.3
96.0
94.4
95.3

SOUTH CAROLINA

93.2
94.9
93.4
95.5
93.1
94.7
92.5
93.7

SOUTH DAKOTA

94.1
95.0
93.6
94.4
95.9
96.6
96.4
97.1

TENNESSEE

94.2
95.4
92.8
94.0
92.3
93.3
92.5
93.6

TEXAS

93.6
94.8
91.8
93.4
91.1
92.5
91.5
93.1

UTAH

97.1
97.8
96.3
97.1
96.9
97.6
96.6
97.3

VERMONT

97.0
97.9
95.9
96.6
95.6
96.5
96.0
96.7

VIRGINIA

95.5
96.3
94.0
94.9
93.2
94.4
94.1
95.4

WASHINGTON

96.6
97.4
95.5
96.4
96.9
97.4
96.9
97.7

WEST VIRGINIA

94.3
95.8
93.2
94.5
92.6
94.1
93.0
94.1

WISCONSIN

96.1
96.8
95.5
96.3
94.8
95.4
95.6
96.1

WYOMING

93.8
95.0
94.6
95.3
94.8
95.8
96.1
96.6
20

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

2007

ANNUAL

MARCH

JULY

NOVEMBER

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit Avail

UNITED STATES

94.6
95.3
95.0
95.8
94.9
95.8
94.8
95.6

ALABAMA

90.7
92.3
92.6
94.1
92.1
93.0
91.8
93.1

ALASKA

96.0
96.8
96.7
98.0
96.9
97.8
96.5
97.6

ARIZONA

94.2
95.3
93.1
94.5
91.6
93.0
92.9
94.3

ARKANSAS

91.0
91.5
93.0
93.9
91.9
93.6
92.0
93.0

CALIFORNIA

96.2
96.6
96.7
97.2
96.7
97.2
96.5
97.0

COLORADO

96.1
97.0
97.4
97.6
97.0
97.3
96.8
97.3

CONNECTICUT

95.4
96.2
96.7
97.6
97.6
97.8
96.6
97.2

DELAWARE

93.7
94.0
95.0
95.4
95.9
96.7
94.9
95.4

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

92.5
93.7
90.5
91.4
92.0
93.9
91.6
93.0

FLORIDA

93.2
94.3
93.3
94.4
94.2
95.6
93.6
94.8

GEORGIA

92.7
93.3
92.2
93.9
92.8
94.0
92.6
93.7

HAWAII

96.0
96.4
96.9
97.3
95.1
96.5
96.0
96.7

IDAHO

96.5
97.4
96.8
97.1
96.0
96.3
96.4
97.0

ILLINOIS

93.4
94.0
94.1
94.6
94.7
95.5
94.1
94.7

INDIANA

91.6
92.1
91.0
92.3
88.6
89.7
90.4
91.3

IOWA

96.5
97.1
97.7
98.2
96.9
97.9
97.0
97.8

KANSAS

95.0
95.6
97.0
97.6
96.4
96.7
96.2
96.6

KENTUCKY

94.4
94.5
94.4
95.2
94.3
94.7
94.4
94.8

LOUISIANA

94.6
94.8
93.9
95.8
96.1
96.7
94.9
95.8

MAINE

97.1
97.7
97.0
98.2
95.8
96.4
96.6
97.4

MARYLAND

95.5
96.4
96.3
97.5
94.9
95.4
95.5
96.4

MASSACHUSETTS

96.1
97.0
95.9
97.4
97.0
97.8
96.3
97.4

MICHIGAN

94.1
94.8
95.6
96.5
95.2
95.6
95.0
95.6

MINNESOTA

98.1
98.6
97.8
98.5
97.8
99.0
97.9
98.7

MISSISSIPPI

91.0
91.9
89.8
91.3
90.6
92.9
90.5
92.0

MISSOURI

95.7
96.6
96.1
96.7
96.5
97.5
96.1
96.9

MONTANA

96.0
97.0
94.7
95.1
95.4
96.3
95.4
96.1

NEBRASKA

94.0
94.6
92.8
93.6
94.3
94.9
93.7
94.3

NEVADA

93.8
95.1
95.5
96.0
96.4
97.1
95.2
96.1

NEW HAMPSHIRE

96.5
96.9
96.6
98.3
97.5
98.4
96.8
97.9

NEW JERSEY

95.8
96.3
94.9
95.2
96.3
96.6
95.7
96.0

NEW MEXICO

92.5
93.5
91.1
92.7
91.3
92.9
91.6
93.0

NEW YORK

93.0
94.0
93.0
94.1
94.2
95.3
93.4
94.5

NORTH CAROLINA

93.7
94.7
94.8
95.6
95.1
96.5
94.5
95.6

NORTH DAKOTA

98.1
98.6
97.6
98.1
98.5
98.8
98.0
98.5

OHIO

94.9
95.8
96.6
97.6
96.2
97.1
95.9
96.8

OKLAHOMA

92.8
94.4
95.3
96.0
96.5
97.0
94.9
95.8

OREGON

96.8
97.6
97.7
98.3
95.8
96.6
96.7
97.5

PENNSYLVANIA

96.1
96.7
97.3
97.8
97.6
97.8
97.0
97.5

RHODE ISLAND

95.7
96.2
95.4
96.1
94.8
95.8
95.3
96.0

SOUTH CAROLINA

91.2
92.6
91.6
93.5
88.9
90.7
90.6
92.2

SOUTH DAKOTA

97.5
97.9
96.4
97.2
97.7
98.5
97.2
97.9

TENNESSEE

94.4
94.9
93.2
94.3
92.1
93.4
93.2
94.2

TEXAS

93.8
94.8
94.1
94.9
92.5
93.7
93.5
94.4

UTAH

97.7
98.1
96.6
97.6
96.1
96.9
96.8
97.5

VERMONT

97.7
98.2
98.0
98.2
96.4
97.7
97.4
98.0

VIRGINIA

94.5
95.3
95.6
96.3
95.9
96.4
95.3
96.0

WASHINGTON

98.3
98.5
95.8
96.4
96.3
97.3
96.8
97.4

WEST VIRGINIA

93.9
95.0
94.3
95.3
95.4
96.1
94.5
95.5

WISCONSIN

96.2
96.6
97.7
97.9
96.6
96.8
96.8
97.1

WYOMING

96.4
96.9
95.3
96.2
96.6
97.8
96.1
97.0
21

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

2008

ANNUAL

MARCH

JULY

NOVEMBER

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

UNITED STATES

95.2
95.9
95.4
96.1
95.0
95.7
95.2
95.9

ALABAMA

91.8
93.5
95.4
96.8
94.9
95.2
94.0
95.2

ALASKA

95.9
97.9
96.1
98.1
97.2
98.9
96.4
98.3

ARIZONA

93.7
94.1
94.6
95.5
95.4
96.6
94.6
95.4

ARKANSAS

92.5
92.9
93.6
93.9
92.4
93.1
92.9
93.3

CALIFORNIA

96.6
97.1
96.4
97.0
96.3
96.8
96.5
97.0

COLORADO

98.4
98.9
98.0
98.5
97.6
98.0
98.0
98.4

CONNECTICUT

97.4
97.6
96.9
97.1
97.1
97.5
97.1
97.4

DELAWARE

95.2
95.5
92.3
92.7
96.7
96.8
94.7
95.0

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

93.9
95.5
91.8
92.8
90.3
91.7
92.0
93.3

FLORIDA

93.8
94.3
93.1
94.1
92.1
92.9
93.0
93.8

GEORGIA

95.0
95.5
92.9
94.0
90.8
92.2
92.9
93.9

HAWAII

96.1
97.3
97.1
97.5
96.2
96.4
96.5
97.0

IDAHO

98.1
98.1
95.2
95.9
94.8
95.2
96.0
96.4

ILLINOIS

94.1
94.9
94.2
95.0
93.9
94.6
94.1
94.9

INDIANA

92.2
92.5
92.6
93.1
91.5
92.2
92.1
92.6

IOWA

97.1
97.4
98.1
98.3
97.1
97.5
97.4
97.7

KANSAS

96.5
96.7
96.7
97.3
95.9
96.6
96.4
96.9

KENTUCKY

92.4
93.2
94.7
95.6
95.1
95.9
94.1
94.9

LOUISIANA

96.7
97.5
95.9
96.6
94.5
95.6
95.7
96.6

MAINE

97.8
98.3
97.6
97.9
98.1
98.7
97.8
98.3

MARYLAND

94.7
95.5
93.3
93.8
96.0
96.7
94.7
95.3

MASSACHUSETTS

96.4
97.7
96.7
97.0
96.1
96.7
96.4
97.1

MICHIGAN

96.1
96.5
96.0
96.1
95.8
96.0
96.0
96.2

MINNESOTA

98.0
98.4
98.3
99.1
98.2
98.7
98.2
98.7

MISSISSIPPI

92.7
94.0
93.0
94.2
92.3
93.9
92.7
94.0

MISSOURI

96.5
97.0
97.0
97.4
97.0
97.8
96.8
97.4

MONTANA

95.1
95.3
94.9
96.1
93.4
94.0
94.5
95.1

NEBRASKA

95.3
96.6
95.6
97.2
93.3
95.8
94.7
96.5

NEVADA

93.8
94.4
95.8
97.0
92.5
92.8
94.0
94.7

NEW HAMPSHIRE

96.7
98.2
98.2
98.9
98.1
98.5
97.7
98.5

NEW JERSEY

94.3
94.6
94.6
94.8
95.4
95.8
94.8
95.1

NEW MEXICO

94.0
94.0
92.4
94.6
91.4
92.5
92.6
93.7

NEW YORK

94.2
95.1
94.3
95.3
94.7
95.5
94.4
95.3

NORTH CAROLINA

92.2
93.4
94.5
95.1
93.9
94.9
93.5
94.5

NORTH DAKOTA

97.7
97.9
98.8
99.3
98.5
99.0
98.3
98.7

OHIO

97.4
97.6
97.0
97.6
96.4
96.7
96.9
97.3

OKLAHOMA

95.1
96.0
95.1
95.9
95.6
96.2
95.3
96.0

OREGON

97.3
97.9
97.5
97.7
98.1
98.8
97.6
98.1

PENNSYLVANIA

97.7
98.1
97.6
98.5
98.3
98.7
97.9
98.4

RHODE ISLAND

95.9
96.4
97.3
98.0
96.0
96.5
96.4
97.0

SOUTH CAROLINA

91.0
92.3
90.1
91.0
91.4
93.0
90.8
92.1

SOUTH DAKOTA

96.1
97.4
97.8
98.1
96.4
96.8
96.8
97.5

TENNESSEE

93.0
93.2
93.1
93.7
92.9
94.2
93.0
93.7

TEXAS

93.6
95.2
95.4
96.1
93.9
94.7
94.3
95.3

UTAH

97.2
97.7
97.1
97.4
96.3
96.6
96.9
97.2

VERMONT

97.3
97.7
96.4
96.8
97.4
98.0
97.0
97.5

VIRGINIA

96.6
96.8
95.5
96.4
95.0
95.5
95.7
96.2

WASHINGTON

98.3
98.5
97.9
98.3
98.0
98.3
98.1
98.4

WEST VIRGINIA

93.8
94.4
94.2
95.3
95.4
96.2
94.5
95.3

WISCONSIN

97.0
97.3
97.7
98.1
96.8
97.5
97.2
97.6

WYOMING

95.6
97.3
95.4
96.7
96.4
96.7
95.8
96.9
22

Table 3

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by State

2009

ANNUAL

MARCH

JULY

NOVEMBER

AVERAGE

Unit Avail Unit Avail Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

UNITED STATES

95.6
96.3
95.7
96.3
95.7
96.3
95.7
96.3

ALABAMA

94.7
95.2
95.3
96.0
95.5
96.6
95.2
96.0

ALASKA

95.8
97.0
95.9
97.5
97.0
97.3
96.2
97.3

ARIZONA

93.0
93.9
93.5
94.4
94.7
95.2
93.7
94.5

ARKANSAS

93.5
94.1
92.8
93.6
92.8
93.4
93.0
93.7

CALIFORNIA

96.8
97.3
96.6
96.9
96.7
97.1
96.7
97.1

COLORADO

98.3
98.8
97.0
97.7
96.8
97.6
97.4
98.0

CONNECTICUT

97.6
97.8
98.5
98.9
97.0
97.7
97.7
98.1

DELAWARE

95.8
96.1
96.5
96.9
95.3
95.6
95.9
96.2

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

94.1
94.9
91.3
92.0
91.1
92.5
92.2
93.1

FLORIDA

92.6
93.1
92.9
93.7
93.4
93.9
93.0
93.6

GEORGIA

95.0
95.5
93.8
94.5
93.6
94.1
94.1
94.7

HAWAII

97.2
97.7
98.7
98.7
97.2
97.3
97.7
97.9

IDAHO

96.8
97.1
96.3
96.8
97.8
97.9
97.0
97.3

ILLINOIS

94.6
95.6
95.9
96.5
94.7
95.6
95.1
95.9

INDIANA

93.3
94.2
92.3
92.3
93.7
93.9
93.1
93.5

IOWA

98.4
98.8
98.3
98.6
97.7
98.7
98.1
98.7

KANSAS

96.5
97.5
97.1
97.5
96.9
97.1
96.8
97.3

KENTUCKY

93.4
94.0
94.8
95.0
92.8
93.9
93.7
94.3

LOUISIANA

95.5
96.1
94.9
95.7
97.2
98.2
95.9
96.7

MAINE

97.9
98.5
97.1
97.9
97.9
98.2
97.6
98.2

MARYLAND

95.5
96.1
95.0
95.5
95.6
96.3
95.4
96.0

MASSACHUSETTS

97.9
98.4
98.2
98.6
98.4
98.8
98.2
98.6

MICHIGAN

97.1
97.5
97.1
97.3
95.8
96.5
96.7
97.1

MINNESOTA

98.4
98.7
98.1
99.0
97.0
97.6
97.8
98.4

MISSISSIPPI

93.5
95.1
94.1
96.4
94.3
95.0
94.0
95.5

MISSOURI

97.2
98.1
95.1
96.4
96.7
97.4
96.3
97.3

MONTANA

95.7
96.1
92.3
92.7
92.0
92.4
93.3
93.7

NEBRASKA

95.9
97.8
95.9
97.2
95.3
97.0
95.7
97.3

NEVADA

94.1
95.2
94.4
94.8
94.3
94.6
94.3
94.8

NEW HAMPSHIRE

98.5
99.1
98.0
98.5
98.4
98.7
98.3
98.8

NEW JERSEY

94.8
95.3
95.1
95.6
97.0
97.6
95.6
96.1

NEW MEXICO

92.3
93.4
95.3
96.2
90.9
91.7
92.8
93.8

NEW YORK

94.7
95.6
95.4
96.0
95.0
96.0
95.0
95.9

NORTH CAROLINA

95.3
96.4
95.5
97.1
93.9
95.4
94.9
96.3

NORTH DAKOTA

98.5
99.1
98.3
98.6
97.6
98.0
98.1
98.5

OHIO

97.5
98.2
96.6
97.0
97.1
97.5
97.1
97.6

OKLAHOMA

96.0
96.5
97.3
97.9
96.5
97.4
96.6
97.3

OREGON

98.2
98.3
97.3
98.1
99.0
99.2
98.2
98.5

PENNSYLVANIA

97.6
98.0
97.9
98.3
98.6
99.0
98.0
98.4

RHODE ISLAND

96.0
96.6
97.4
97.7
96.3
97.1
96.6
97.1

SOUTH CAROLINA

94.6
95.4
95.0
95.7
92.1
92.7
93.9
94.6

SOUTH DAKOTA

96.9
97.9
97.6
98.0
96.8
97.4
97.1
97.7

TENNESSEE

92.6
93.2
93.1
93.5
93.8
94.9
93.2
93.9

TEXAS

94.7
95.5
95.2
95.8
94.8
95.4
94.9
95.6

UTAH

96.2
96.6
96.7
96.9
96.7
96.7
96.5
96.7

VERMONT

97.1
98.0
98.2
98.7
98.9
99.4
98.1
98.7

VIRGINIA

95.4
95.9
96.4
96.7
96.3
96.3
96.0
96.3

WASHINGTON

98.7
99.1
97.6
98.4
98.4
98.6
98.2
98.7

WEST VIRGINIA

94.9
95.5
95.2
95.9
95.9
96.3
95.3
95.9

WISCONSIN

96.6
97.3
97.0
97.4
98.4
98.4
97.3
97.7

WYOMING

98.4
98.7
96.3
97.2
97.1
97.6
97.2
97.8
23

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 1983
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.4
93.7
93.1
95.0
78.8
83.9
80.7
84.6

UNDER $5,000

71.7
78.4
75.7
81.9
62.7
70.4
58.3
64.6
$5,000 - $7,499
82.7
87.2
84.5
88.5
74.7
82.0
71.1
76.5
$7,500 - $9,999
88.2
90.9
89.6
92.2
80.5
83.9
72.6
77.9
$10,000 - $12,499
89.7
92.7
91.2
93.9
82.0
86.2
76.8
82.1
$12,500 - $14,999
92.1
94.6
93.4
95.2
82.5
90.7
89.8
91.7
$15,000 - $17,499
94.6
96.2
94.9
96.4
91.7
95.1
86.9
90.8
$17,500 - $19,999
95.7
97.4
96.1
97.7
91.4
95.0
88.4
91.5
$20,000 - $24,999
96.9
97.8
97.4
98.2
91.2
93.2
93.1
94.3
$25,000 - $29,999
98.0
98.9
98.2
99.0
96.1
97.2
98.3
99.0
$30,000 - $34,999
98.8
99.1
99.0
99.2
95.1
97.7
97.7
98.9
$35,000 - $39,999
99.0
99.5
99.1
99.5
98.4
98.4
92.1
98.2
$40,000 - $49,999
99.2
99.5
99.4
99.7
97.3
97.3
100.0
100.0
$50,000 - $74,999
99.4
99.7
99.5
99.7
98.5
100.0
99.6
100.0
$75,000 +
99.4
99.6
99.4
99.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
1984 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.6
93.7
93.2
94.9
79.8
84.5
80.9
84.3

UNDER $5,000

71.2
77.5
74.5
80.4
63.2
70.5
55.1
62.3
$5,000 - $7,499
83.3
86.9
85.5
88.7
74.8
80.2
69.8
73.6
$7,500 - $9,999
86.5
89.6
88.3
91.0
77.2
82.7
75.0
79.7
$10,000 - $12,499
89.7
92.6
91.1
93.6
81.1
86.3
79.7
84.6
$12,500 - $14,999
92.1
94.4
93.0
95.0
85.4
89.5
87.3
90.5
$15,000 - $17,499
93.7
95.7
94.2
96.0
88.5
92.2
88.4
90.0
$17,500 - $19,999
95.1
96.4
95.6
96.7
91.7
94.4
91.0
92.8
$20,000 - $24,999
96.8
97.8
97.1
98.0
93.3
95.8
92.5
94.5
$25,000 - $29,999
98.1
98.8
98.4
98.9
95.1
97.2
96.4
97.2
$30,000 - $34,999
98.7
99.1
98.8
99.3
96.8
97.2
98.8
99.1
$35,000 - $39,999
99.2
99.5
99.3
99.6
97.7
98.3
98.2
98.5
$40,000 - $49,999
99.3
99.6
99.4
99.7
96.6
96.9
98.9
99.3
$50,000 - $74,999
99.4
99.8
99.5
99.8
98.0
98.4
100.0
100.0
$75,000 +
98.9
99.6
98.9
99.6
96.5
100.0
98.0
100.0
1985 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.8
93.9
93.3
95.0
81.1
85.2
81.3
84.4

UNDER $5,000

71.9
78.1
75.3
81.3
63.9
70.6
61.6
67.0
$5,000 - $7,499
82.7
86.5
84.8
88.1
74.0
79.8
66.6
71.3
$7,500 - $9,999
86.8
90.0
88.1
90.9
80.3
85.0
75.0
79.4
$10,000 - $12,499
89.6
92.2
90.8
93.2
82.3
86.0
80.4
82.8
$12,500 - $14,999
91.0
93.7
92.2
94.5
82.7
87.8
82.8
85.8
$15,000 - $17,499
93.4
95.6
94.2
96.2
88.2
91.8
85.7
88.6
$17,500 - $19,999
94.7
96.2
95.1
96.6
91.5
93.4
90.4
92.8
$20,000 - $24,999
96.3
97.5
96.5
97.6
94.4
96.3
91.3
93.7
$25,000 - $29,999
97.6
98.5
97.8
98.6
95.8
97.3
93.0
95.9
$30,000 - $34,999
98.6
99.0
98.7
99.1
97.3
98.4
97.3
97.3
$35,000 - $39,999
98.8
99.2
98.9
99.4
96.9
97.8
98.2
99.4
$40,000 - $49,999
99.1
99.4
99.1
99.4
97.8
98.2
97.5
98.2
$50,000 - $74,999
99.3
99.7
99.4
99.7
97.9
98.8
99.5
99.5
$75,000 +
99.2
99.5
99.2
99.5
97.6
97.6
98.5
98.5
24

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1986 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.3
94.1
93.7
95.2
81.6
85.9
81.4
84.1

UNDER $5,000

71.6
77.4
74.9
80.1
63.9
71.0
57.5
62.9
$5,000 - $7,499
83.1
86.5
85.2
88.2
74.3
79.6
68.1
72.1
$7,500 - $9,999
86.9
90.2
88.4
91.1
78.6
85.2
72.9
75.8
$10,000 - $12,499
89.6
92.1
90.7
93.0
82.6
86.4
80.3
82.6
$12,500 - $14,999
91.2
93.8
91.9
94.4
86.4
90.3
83.9
87.8
$15,000 - $17,499
93.1
95.1
94.3
95.7
85.3
91.6
86.3
88.9
$17,500 - $19,999
94.9
96.3
95.3
96.7
92.2
94.2
87.2
90.1
$20,000 - $24,999
96.5
97.5
96.9
97.9
92.8
94.6
93.0
94.1
$25,000 - $29,999
97.7
98.4
98.0
98.7
94.5
95.9
93.9
95.2
$30,000 - $34,999
98.4
98.9
98.6
99.0
96.7
97.5
97.5
98.4
$35,000 - $39,999
98.9
99.3
99.0
99.4
97.6
97.9
98.1
99.3
$40,000 - $49,999
99.1
99.4
99.1
99.4
98.2
98.2
98.5
98.8
$50,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.8
99.6
99.8
99.4
99.4
99.4
99.7
$75,000 +
99.4
99.6
99.4
99.6
98.0
99.5
97.5
100.0
1987 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.4
94.2
93.8
95.4
81.8
85.9
83.0
85.4

UNDER $5,000

71.5
77.4
75.0
80.3
63.7
71.0
60.7
65.7
$5,000 - $7,499
83.4
86.7
85.5
88.4
74.8
80.2
69.9
72.4
$7,500 - $9,999
86.7
89.6
88.1
90.6
79.3
84.0
75.8
78.9
$10,000 - $12,499
89.5
92.3
90.4
93.1
83.2
87.5
81.0
84.1
$12,500 - $14,999
90.8
93.2
91.9
94.1
83.8
87.7
85.2
86.9
$15,000 - $17,499
92.6
94.9
93.5
95.5
86.9
90.8
85.6
88.7
$17,500 - $19,999
94.4
96.0
95.1
96.4
89.0
92.7
89.3
90.6
$20,000 - $24,999
96.4
97.6
96.8
97.9
93.5
95.1
93.1
94.9
$25,000 - $29,999
97.5
98.4
98.0
98.7
93.4
95.3
96.4
97.1
$30,000 - $34,999
98.1
98.9
98.3
99.0
96.1
97.2
96.9
97.7
$35,000 - $39,999
98.8
99.2
98.9
99.3
96.5
98.6
97.4
97.7
$40,000 - $49,999
99.4
99.7
99.5
99.7
98.7
98.7
99.7
99.8
$50,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
99.1
99.4
98.7
99.6
$75,000 +
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
98.5
99.6
98.6
100.0
1988 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.7
94.5
94.1
95.6
83.0
86.8
82.1
85.1

UNDER $5,000

72.0
78.4
74.9
80.8
65.8
73.2
58.5
64.5
$5,000 - $7,499
83.3
87.1
85.1
88.4
76.9
82.3
66.4
71.7
$7,500 - $9,999
85.6
88.7
87.2
90.3
77.7
81.4
67.3
72.8
$10,000 - $12,499
88.8
91.5
90.1
92.4
81.7
86.5
77.5
80.9
$12,500 - $14,999
91.3
93.7
92.2
94.4
85.1
88.8
81.5
84.5
$15,000 - $19,999
93.6
95.3
94.3
95.9
88.5
91.1
88.6
90.6
$20,000 - $24,999
96.2
97.4
96.5
97.6
93.5
95.7
91.1
93.1
$25,000 - $29,999
97.6
98.4
97.9
98.5
94.4
96.7
95.0
96.4
$30,000 - $34,999
98.4
99.0
98.7
99.2
95.4
96.7
98.6
99.0
$35,000 - $39,999
98.8
99.2
98.9
99.3
97.8
98.4
97.2
97.7
$40,000 - $49,999
99.3
99.6
99.4
99.7
97.3
98.5
98.7
99.7
$50,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.8
99.6
99.8
99.2
99.3
99.4
99.8
$75,000 +
99.5
99.9
99.4
99.9
100.0
100.0
97.8
100.0
25

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1989 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.1
94.9
94.5
95.9
83.2
87.1
83.0
86.0

UNDER $5,000

74.4
80.4
78.1
83.2
65.6
73.5
62.1
67.3
$5,000 - $7,499
83.7
87.4
85.7
89.1
77.4
82.0
68.8
73.8
$7,500 - $9,999
86.6
89.8
88.5
91.3
78.4
83.6
75.9
80.2
$10,000 - $12,499
88.4
91.3
90.0
92.6
79.3
84.9
73.2
76.8
$12,500 - $14,999
91.3
93.7
92.4
94.5
84.5
88.8
79.2
83.7
$15,000 - $19,999
93.2
95.0
94.2
95.8
85.9
89.2
86.3
88.8
$20,000 - $24,999
95.9
97.2
96.4
97.5
91.6
94.3
92.0
94.4
$25,000 - $29,999
97.5
98.4
97.9
98.6
94.0
96.0
93.3
96.3
$30,000 - $34,999
98.3
98.8
98.5
98.9
96.1
97.0
95.6
96.2
$35,000 - $39,999
98.7
99.3
98.9
99.4
96.7
98.0
95.8
97.5
$40,000 - $49,999
99.1
99.5
99.2
99.6
97.2
97.7
97.0
98.2
$50,000 - $59,999
99.5
99.7
99.5
99.8
98.7
99.0
98.7
99.2
$60,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.7
99.5
99.7
99.3
99.3
95.7
96.8
$75,000 +
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.5
99.7
99.7
1990 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.3
95.0
94.6
96.1
83.5
87.0
82.7
85.3

UNDER $5,000

75.4
81.0
79.1
84.2
66.1
72.8
61.1
66.1
$5,000 - $7,499
82.6
86.8
84.9
88.8
74.9
80.1
66.7
70.6
$7,500 - $9,999
86.9
89.9
89.0
91.6
77.3
82.4
74.8
77.8
$10,000 - $12,499
88.9
91.7
90.2
92.8
81.9
85.5
74.1
77.1
$12,500 - $14,999
91.7
93.9
92.7
94.7
85.9
88.7
82.0
84.3
$15,000 - $19,999
93.3
95.3
94.2
96.0
87.7
91.0
85.1
88.6
$20,000 - $24,999
95.6
97.0
96.1
97.4
91.9
93.7
89.4
91.3
$25,000 - $29,999
97.0
98.0
97.7
98.5
90.9
93.2
94.2
95.5
$30,000 - $34,999
97.9
98.6
98.4
98.9
93.3
95.4
96.0
97.0
$35,000 - $39,999
98.7
99.3
98.8
99.4
97.0
98.0
94.1
96.3
$40,000 - $49,999
99.1
99.4
99.2
99.5
98.5
98.8
97.8
97.8
$50,000 - $59,999
99.4
99.6
99.5
99.7
98.7
98.7
97.5
98.2
$60,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.7
99.6
99.8
98.3
98.8
98.8
99.1
$75,000 +
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
98.6
98.6
97.7
99.6
1991 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.4
95.1
94.8
96.2
83.5
87.2
84.1
86.7

UNDER $5,000

73.9
80.1
78.3
83.7
63.3
71.2
65.2
71.3
$5,000 - $7,499
82.9
86.8
85.2
88.8
75.0
80.3
69.6
74.7
$7,500 - $9,999
86.5
89.7
88.1
91.0
79.1
83.7
73.1
76.9
$10,000 - $12,499
88.9
91.6
90.0
92.5
82.4
86.2
76.0
79.2
$12,500 - $14,999
91.1
93.4
92.1
94.3
85.5
88.4
82.4
84.6
$15,000 - $19,999
93.4
95.2
94.3
95.9
87.1
90.7
87.0
89.8
$20,000 - $24,999
95.5
97.0
96.0
97.5
91.2
93.3
91.6
93.5
$25,000 - $29,999
96.8
97.9
97.3
98.2
93.6
96.0
90.9
92.4
$30,000 - $34,999
98.3
98.9
98.6
99.2
95.4
97.1
95.8
97.1
$35,000 - $39,999
98.7
99.1
98.8
99.3
97.0
97.7
96.2
97.3
$40,000 - $49,999
99.1
99.5
99.2
99.6
98.1
98.6
98.2
98.8
$50,000 - $59,999
99.5
99.7
99.5
99.7
98.6
99.0
97.9
98.6
$60,000 - $74,999
99.7
99.9
99.7
99.9
99.3
99.5
98.8
99.2
$75,000 +
99.7
99.9
99.7
99.9
99.6
100.0
98.5
99.6
26

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1992 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.3
95.2
96.4
84.2
87.9
85.8
88.2

UNDER $5,000

72.0
78.1
75.5
81.1
64.1
71.3
65.0
70.7
$5,000 - $7,499
83.2
86.8
85.4
88.3
76.3
82.3
72.0
75.5
$7,500 - $9,999
87.5
90.2
89.2
91.4
79.9
84.9
76.2
79.9
$10,000 - $12,499
90.5
92.9
91.6
93.9
84.6
87.9
82.1
85.3
$12,500 - $14,999
91.5
93.7
92.7
94.7
85.1
88.4
85.7
88.8
$15,000 - $19,999
93.3
95.0
94.3
95.7
86.6
90.6
86.7
89.5
$20,000 - $24,999
95.9
97.1
96.5
97.5
91.2
93.7
93.2
94.5
$25,000 - $29,999
97.1
98.0
97.6
98.5
92.6
94.6
94.8
95.6
$30,000 - $34,999
98.2
98.9
98.4
99.0
96.3
97.4
96.1
97.1
$35,000 - $39,999
98.6
99.0
98.9
99.3
96.4
97.4
96.6
97.5
$40,000 - $49,999
99.2
99.5
99.4
99.6
97.6
98.5
98.2
98.7
$50,000 - $59,999
99.4
99.7
99.4
99.7
98.9
99.6
98.3
98.5
$60,000 - $74,999
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
99.3
99.6
98.9
99.7
$75,000 +
99.4
99.7
99.5
99.8
97.7
97.9
99.1
99.1
1993 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.6
95.5
96.6
85.2
88.3
86.7
88.8

UNDER $5,000

72.9
78.9
76.4
82.0
65.5
72.7
66.3
70.7
$5,000 - $7,499
84.0
87.2
85.7
88.8
78.7
82.4
75.7
78.6
$7,500 - $9,999
87.4
90.1
89.1
91.4
80.1
84.6
79.7
82.8
$10,000 - $12,499
90.6
92.7
91.9
93.8
82.9
86.7
85.7
88.3
$12,500 - $14,999
92.0
94.1
93.2
95.1
84.8
88.7
84.0
86.2
$15,000 - $19,999
93.6
95.2
94.5
96.0
88.0
90.4
85.3
88.3
$20,000 - $24,999
96.3
97.5
96.8
97.8
92.6
94.6
91.9
94.6
$25,000 - $29,999
97.7
98.5
98.1
98.8
94.5
96.1
95.5
96.9
$30,000 - $34,999
98.3
98.9
98.6
99.1
96.3
96.9
96.2
97.3
$35,000 - $39,999
98.6
99.0
98.8
99.2
96.3
97.1
95.7
96.3
$40,000 - $49,999
99.2
99.5
99.3
99.5
98.2
98.6
96.9
97.4
$50,000 - $59,999
99.5
99.7
99.5
99.7
99.0
99.3
98.4
99.1
$60,000 - $74,999
99.6
99.8
99.6
99.8
99.3
99.3
100.0
100.0
$75,000 +
99.5
99.8
99.5
99.8
99.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
1994 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.4
95.1
96.4
85.7
89.4
86.0
88.3

UNDER $5,000

76.1
82.1
79.8
84.6
68.7
77.4
66.3
71.8
$5,000 - $7,499
82.7
87.0
84.9
88.9
77.2
82.4
73.1
77.3
$7,500 - $9,999
87.3
90.5
89.1
92.1
81.4
84.9
81.1
83.8
$10,000 - $12,499
89.6
92.2
90.9
93.1
81.5
88.6
83.3
86.2
$12,500 - $14,999
91.5
94.0
92.9
95.0
85.5
89.2
84.6
87.8
$15,000 - $19,999
93.6
95.3
94.4
95.8
86.6
92.2
87.6
89.7
$20,000 - $24,999
95.2
96.7
95.8
97.2
90.3
93.5
91.4
93.5
$25,000 - $29,999
96.6
97.6
97.0
97.9
93.9
95.8
92.1
93.3
$30,000 - $34,999
97.3
98.2
97.7
98.5
93.8
95.7
91.7
93.9
$35,000 - $39,999
97.8
98.5
98.1
98.6
94.4
97.3
95.2
96.0
$40,000 - $49,999
98.6
99.1
98.8
99.3
97.2
97.8
96.4
96.6
$50,000 - $59,999
99.0
99.3
99.2
99.4
96.3
98.1
99.5
99.7
$60,000 - $74,999
99.4
99.5
99.4
99.5
99.5
99.7
98.3
98.5
$75,000 +
99.1
99.4
99.2
99.4
98.6
99.3
98.7
98.7
27

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1995 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.2
95.2
96.2
86.2
89.2
85.9
87.8

UNDER $5,000

75.3
80.5
79.1
83.0
67.4
75.1
68.8
72.2
$5,000 - $7,499
82.8
86.3
84.8
87.7
77.9
83.0
72.6
75.5
$7,500 - $9,999
87.3
89.6
89.5
91.5
79.0
83.3
78.0
80.4
$10,000 - $12,499
89.8
92.1
91.2
93.2
83.5
87.6
84.2
86.4
$12,500 - $14,999
91.7
93.5
92.8
94.4
86.4
89.3
84.9
86.8
$15,000 - $19,999
93.1
95.0
94.1
95.6
88.5
92.4
84.9
87.6
$20,000 - $24,999
95.4
96.4
96.0
96.9
92.4
94.1
90.2
92.1
$25,000 - $29,999
96.6
97.6
97.0
97.9
93.7
95.6
92.2
94.3
$30,000 - $34,999
97.6
98.0
97.9
98.3
94.3
95.2
94.2
95.1
$35,000 - $39,999
98.3
98.7
98.5
98.8
96.9
97.5
97.3
98.4
$40,000 - $49,999
98.6
98.9
98.8
99.0
97.1
97.8
96.6
96.6
$50,000 - $59,999
98.8
99.1
99.0
99.3
97.7
98.2
95.7
97.0
$60,000 - $74,999
99.2
99.3
99.2
99.4
98.8
99.0
98.6
99.4
$75,000 +
99.0
99.2
99.0
99.2
99.1
99.5
99.0
99.0
1996 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
94.9
95.8
87.3
89.8
86.4
88.0

UNDER $5,000

75.6
80.3
78.0
81.7
70.1
76.9
68.0
71.4
$5,000 - $7,499
83.1
85.8
84.5
86.6
79.9
84.3
76.9
78.8
$7,500 - $9,999
87.2
89.8
88.6
90.7
81.9
86.7
79.7
82.3
$10,000 - $12,499
88.8
91.4
90.2
92.3
83.5
88.1
82.0
84.3
$12,500 - $14,999
91.7
93.5
92.8
94.4
86.1
89.5
85.1
87.0
$15,000 - $19,999
93.0
94.6
93.7
95.1
88.7
91.3
86.5
88.7
$20,000 - $24,999
94.5
95.6
95.1
96.0
91.3
92.6
86.5
88.6
$25,000 - $29,999
96.2
97.1
96.5
97.3
93.3
95.0
94.5
95.4
$30,000 - $34,999
97.5
98.1
97.7
98.3
96.4
97.4
95.7
96.3
$35,000 - $39,999
97.9
98.3
97.8
98.2
97.5
98.0
95.2
95.7
$40,000 - $49,999
98.5
98.9
98.7
99.0
96.7
97.0
96.1
97.5
$50,000 - $59,999
98.8
99.0
99.0
99.1
97.3
97.6
97.5
98.2
$60,000 - $74,999
98.8
99.1
99.0
99.3
97.3
97.3
97.9
99.4
$75,000 +
98.9
99.2
99.0
99.2
98.7
99.2
98.4
98.7
1997 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
95.0
95.9
86.9
89.5
86.7
88.6

UNDER $5,000

75.7
80.8
79.1
83.5
68.4
75.1
68.5
73.5
$5,000 - $7,499
82.8
85.9
84.5
87.1
78.1
82.4
74.6
77.0
$7,500 - $9,999
86.7
89.5
89.0
91.2
78.6
83.3
79.3
81.4
$10,000 - $12,499
89.9
91.9
90.9
92.7
85.3
88.1
82.4
86.0
$12,500 - $14,999
91.0
93.1
92.4
94.0
83.9
88.1
84.5
86.4
$15,000 - $19,999
93.1
94.6
94.1
95.3
88.8
91.8
86.7
88.4
$20,000 - $24,999
95.0
95.9
95.4
96.2
92.1
93.9
89.6
90.9
$25,000 - $29,999
95.8
96.8
96.2
97.1
92.6
94.7
91.8
93.7
$30,000 - $34,999
97.2
97.9
97.5
98.1
95.1
95.9
93.6
94.9
$35,000 - $39,999
97.4
97.9
97.9
98.1
94.8
96.2
94.9
96.4
$40,000 - $49,999
98.2
98.6
98.4
98.7
97.0
97.8
96.6
97.4
$50,000 - $59,999
98.4
98.8
98.5
98.9
96.9
97.3
97.7
98.6
$60,000 - $74,999
99.0
99.2
99.0
99.2
99.5
99.8
98.4
98.4
$75,000 +
99.0
99.2
99.1
99.3
98.5
98.8
98.1
98.3
28

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1998 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.1
95.2
95.1
96.0
87.9
89.7
88.4
90.0

UNDER $5,000

77.2
81.3
80.1
83.8
70.3
75.2
72.0
75.3
$5,000 - $7,499
83.0
85.9
84.9
87.6
77.6
81.0
77.0
80.6
$7,500 - $9,999
87.4
89.3
88.8
90.6
83.3
85.0
79.7
81.6
$10,000 - $12,499
89.8
91.7
90.7
92.5
85.7
88.5
84.6
86.2
$12,500 - $14,999
91.0
92.8
92.0
93.7
85.8
88.2
85.3
86.4
$15,000 - $19,999
93.0
94.2
94.0
95.2
88.3
89.6
89.6
91.0
$20,000 - $24,999
93.9
95.2
94.6
95.8
90.2
92.2
88.4
90.2
$25,000 - $29,999
95.6
96.6
95.8
96.7
94.0
95.9
91.3
93.5
$30,000 - $34,999
97.1
97.8
97.5
98.2
94.3
95.6
95.3
96.7
$35,000 - $39,999
97.5
98.0
97.8
98.3
95.4
96.4
95.9
96.8
$40,000 - $49,999
98.1
98.5
98.3
98.7
96.2
96.7
96.9
97.4
$50,000 - $59,999
98.1
98.5
98.2
98.6
96.8
97.5
95.7
96.7
$60,000 - $74,999
98.6
98.8
98.8
99.0
96.9
97.4
97.5
97.5
$75,000 +
99.0
99.2
99.0
99.2
99.1
99.1
98.6
98.8
1999 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.0
95.2
95.9
87.7
89.6
89.9
90.9

UNDER $5,000

76.0
79.8
79.0
82.6
69.5
74.2
72.8
75.6
$5,000 - $7,499
82.9
85.3
84.6
87.0
78.3
81.2
79.8
83.3
$7,500 - $9,999
88.3
90.3
89.9
91.5
81.8
85.5
85.0
85.8
$10,000 - $12,499
88.9
90.5
90.4
91.8
82.1
84.9
85.2
86.5
$12,500 - $14,999
90.3
92.0
91.0
92.4
87.1
89.8
84.8
85.9
$15,000 - $19,999
92.5
94.0
93.5
94.7
87.0
90.2
88.3
89.5
$20,000 - $24,999
94.1
95.1
94.8
95.7
90.5
92.1
91.5
92.8
$25,000 - $29,999
95.3
96.2
95.9
96.6
91.8
93.5
95.2
95.7
$30,000 - $34,999
96.7
97.4
97.2
97.7
93.9
95.5
94.7
95.2
$35,000 - $39,999
97.3
97.8
97.8
98.2
94.3
95.1
96.1
96.6
$40,000 - $49,999
98.2
98.5
98.3
98.6
97.2
97.6
95.8
96.5
$50,000 - $59,999
98.2
98.5
98.3
98.7
97.2
97.4
98.1
98.5
$60,000 - $74,999
98.6
98.8
98.6
98.9
97.6
98.4
98.2
98.4
$75,000 +
98.8
99.0
98.9
99.1
97.8
98.2
97.7
98.2
2000 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.4
95.2
95.2
95.9
89.3
90.7
90.5
91.6

UNDER $5,000

80.0
83.1
83.1
86.2
73.0
76.3
79.0
82.0
$5,000 - $7,499
84.2
86.3
85.0
87.0
81.7
84.6
82.4
84.7
$7,500 - $9,999
87.0
89.3
88.4
90.3
82.2
85.7
85.8
87.0
$10,000 - $12,499
90.0
91.5
90.9
92.5
85.9
87.5
84.0
86.0
$12,500 - $14,999
91.5
92.9
92.7
94.0
86.5
87.9
88.0
89.9
$15,000 - $19,999
91.7
93.2
92.6
94.1
86.9
89.1
87.2
88.5
$20,000 - $24,999
93.7
94.7
94.3
95.2
90.5
92.2
90.8
91.3
$25,000 - $29,999
95.5
96.3
96.0
96.8
92.5
93.8
93.0
94.3
$30,000 - $34,999
96.4
97.0
96.6
97.2
95.4
96.1
93.7
94.3
$35,000 - $39,999
97.2
97.7
97.5
98.0
95.1
95.7
95.4
95.8
$40,000 - $49,999
97.7
98.2
97.9
98.4
96.0
96.4
96.7
97.8
$50,000 - $59,999
98.0
98.3
98.1
98.4
97.0
97.5
97.6
97.8
$60,000 - $74,999
98.4
98.7
98.5
98.8
97.0
97.5
95.9
96.5
$75,000 +
98.4
98.7
98.5
98.7
97.5
97.7
96.9
97.4
29

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2001 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.9
95.7
95.6
96.4
90.0
91.4
91.3
92.4

UNDER $5,000

79.9
83.3
83.1
85.7
72.7
78.0
78.8
82.3
$5,000 - $7,499
84.0
86.3
85.4
87.5
80.6
83.8
84.4
85.7
$7,500 - $9,999
88.8
90.6
90.0
91.6
84.6
87.3
86.5
88.6
$10,000 - $12,499
90.2
92.0
91.1
92.8
86.0
88.4
85.8
87.5
$12,500 - $14,999
91.4
92.6
92.2
93.3
86.5
88.3
88.4
88.8
$15,000 - $19,999
92.9
94.4
93.5
94.9
90.0
92.0
88.8
90.6
$20,000 - $24,999
94.3
95.4
94.9
96.0
90.5
92.1
91.3
93.1
$25,000 - $29,999
96.0
96.9
96.2
97.0
94.9
96.0
92.6
93.5
$30,000 - $34,999
96.7
97.3
97.0
97.5
95.3
96.0
94.9
95.2
$35,000 - $39,999
97.2
97.8
97.3
97.9
96.1
96.8
96.0
96.7
$40,000 - $49,999
97.8
98.3
97.9
98.4
97.0
97.3
96.0
96.1
$50,000 - $59,999
98.4
98.8
98.5
98.9
97.3
97.5
97.3
98.4
$60,000 - $74,999
98.6
98.9
98.7
99.0
97.9
98.3
96.5
97.5
$75,000 +
98.8
99.1
98.8
99.1
98.3
98.6
98.2
98.7
2002 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.3
96.2
96.2
96.9
90.1
91.6
91.7
92.9

UNDER $5,000

79.9
83.1
82.5
85.2
73.8
78.1
77.8
80.7
$5,000 - $7,499
83.3
86.1
85.9
88.6
76.4
79.7
84.5
85.7
$7,500 - $9,999
89.7
91.6
91.1
92.7
85.3
87.7
88.4
90.6
$10,000 - $12,499
90.6
92.3
91.9
93.3
85.3
87.9
88.1
89.7
$12,500 - $14,999
92.7
93.9
93.4
94.6
89.9
91.0
88.6
90.2
$15,000 - $19,999
93.2
94.5
93.8
94.8
91.1
93.5
87.7
89.1
$20,000 - $24,999
94.3
95.4
95.1
96.2
90.6
92.1
92.3
93.7
$25,000 - $29,999
95.6
96.6
96.0
97.0
93.3
94.4
93.4
95.3
$30,000 - $34,999
96.9
97.5
97.4
97.9
94.7
95.5
95.2
96.0
$35,000 - $39,999
97.9
98.4
98.0
98.6
97.1
97.5
97.4
97.9
$40,000 - $49,999
98.2
98.6
98.4
98.8
96.6
97.1
96.7
97.5
$50,000 - $59,999
98.7
99.2
98.9
99.2
98.0
98.2
97.9
98.3
$60,000 - $74,999
99.1
99.4
99.2
99.5
98.3
98.8
98.3
98.9
$75,000 +
99.3
99.5
99.3
99.6
98.6
98.7
99.2
99.2
2003 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.1
96.0
95.9
96.6
90.4
91.6
91.4
92.5

UNDER $5,000

80.1
83.8
82.3
85.9
74.8
79.0
75.0
78.9
$5,000 - $7,499
85.3
87.2
85.9
87.6
82.6
85.0
80.2
82.1
$7,500 - $9,999
89.6
91.4
90.5
91.9
86.2
89.2
86.7
88.0
$10,000 - $12,499
90.3
91.9
91.0
92.7
86.6
88.4
86.3
87.6
$12,500 - $14,999
91.7
93.0
92.5
93.8
87.4
88.9
88.1
89.6
$15,000 - $19,999
92.9
94.3
93.7
95.0
88.8
90.3
89.5
91.1
$20,000 - $24,999
94.1
94.9
94.6
95.4
90.9
91.9
91.8
93.4
$25,000 - $29,999
95.6
96.6
95.9
96.8
94.4
95.4
93.5
94.0
$30,000 - $34,999
96.5
97.2
96.7
97.6
93.9
94.4
95.0
95.6
$35,000 - $39,999
97.7
98.4
97.8
98.5
97.2
97.5
97.1
97.6
$40,000 - $49,999
97.9
98.4
98.1
98.6
96.6
97.4
96.2
97.1
$50,000 - $59,999
98.5
99.0
98.6
99.1
97.8
98.2
96.8
97.9
$60,000 - $74,999
98.7
99.1
98.8
99.2
97.9
98.2
98.3
98.9
$75,000 +
99.0
99.3
99.1
99.5
97.6
97.8
99.2
99.5
30

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2004 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
94.8
94.6
95.5
88.6
90.0
90.3
91.6

UNDER $5,000

79.1
82.6
82.1
85.4
72.0
75.7
76.9
79.7
$5,000 - $7,499
84.3
86.3
84.4
86.3
84.0
86.3
80.8
82.3
$7,500 - $9,999
87.8
89.7
88.5
90.4
84.1
86.4
84.5
86.9
$10,000 - $12,499
89.7
91.2
90.8
92.1
85.6
87.2
85.7
87.4
$12,500 - $14,999
91.5
93.3
92.1
93.8
89.6
91.6
87.2
89.9
$15,000 - $19,999
91.5
93.1
92.7
94.1
86.9
89.1
88.5
90.1
$20,000 - $24,999
93.7
94.9
94.2
95.3
90.6
92.0
90.0
91.6
$25,000 - $29,999
94.5
95.9
95.0
96.1
91.9
94.2
94.1
95.6
$30,000 - $34,999
95.1
96.1
95.8
96.6
92.2
93.5
92.4
93.3
$35,000 - $39,999
95.8
96.6
96.2
96.9
93.4
94.6
95.3
96.2
$40,000 - $49,999
96.7
97.5
96.9
97.7
95.3
96.2
94.2
95.3
$50,000 - $59,999
97.3
97.8
97.5
98.0
96.7
96.9
95.7
96.2
$60,000 - $74,999
97.6
98.2
97.8
98.3
96.6
97.3
97.3
98.2
$75,000 +
98.1
98.6
98.2
98.7
98.1
98.1
97.9
98.5
2005 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.1
94.3
93.9
95.0
88.0
89.8
88.8
90.4

UNDER $5,000

79.9
83.8
82.1
85.9
75.6
79.8
73.5
77.1
$5,000 - $7,499
82.8
85.8
83.9
86.7
79.8
83.1
82.2
84.2
$7,500 - $9,999
86.7
89.1
87.9
90.0
83.4
86.3
83.4
84.9
$10,000 - $12,499
89.2
90.8
90.4
91.8
85.1
86.9
84.7
85.8
$12,500 - $14,999
90.4
92.0
91.4
92.9
86.9
89.3
85.8
87.6
$15,000 - $19,999
91.3
93.0
92.1
93.8
87.8
89.1
85.6
87.8
$20,000 - $24,999
92.8
94.0
93.4
94.5
90.9
92.7
89.1
90.6
$25,000 - $29,999
93.8
95.3
94.2
95.5
91.8
94.1
91.2
92.6
$30,000 - $34,999
94.5
95.7
95.1
96.2
90.7
92.9
91.1
92.4
$35,000 - $39,999
95.1
96.2
95.2
96.3
95.1
96.0
93.0
94.8
$40,000 - $49,999
96.0
96.8
96.3
97.2
93.5
94.5
93.3
95.0
$50,000 - $59,999
96.8
97.4
97.0
97.6
95.9
96.5
93.2
94.1
$60,000 - $74,999
97.5
98.1
97.7
98.3
96.7
97.7
96.7
97.8
$75,000 - $99,999
97.6
98.2
97.7
98.3
96.3
96.5
96.7
98.0
$100,000 - $149,999
98.0
98.5
98.1
98.7
97.7
98.1
97.3
68.0
$150,000 +
97.9
98.5
98.1
98.7
95.9
95.9
97.6
66.7
2006 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.6
94.7
94.4
95.4
88.7
90.3
89.1
90.7

UNDER $5,000

81.2
84.8
83.8
87.2
76.9
80.7
80.0
82.5
$5,000 - $7,499
83.5
86.3
85.6
88.1
79.4
82.8
78.5
81.1
$7,500 - $9,999
88.4
90.3
89.1
90.9
86.0
87.9
86.0
87.8
$10,000 - $12,499
89.4
91.3
90.9
92.6
84.6
87.3
82.5
85.5
$12,500 - $14,999
90.5
92.1
91.8
93.2
84.4
86.7
85.7
87.2
$15,000 - $19,999
91.4
93.0
92.5
93.9
87.9
89.3
85.9
88.4
$20,000 - $24,999
93.4
94.6
94.0
95.1
90.4
92.1
89.3
91.0
$25,000 - $29,999
93.6
95.2
94.0
95.5
91.9
93.5
89.6
91.5
$30,000 - $34,999
95.0
95.9
95.4
96.2
93.0
94.2
91.6
92.4
$35,000 - $39,999
95.4
96.4
95.9
96.9
93.2
94.0
91.3
93.2
$40,000 - $49,999
96.0
97.0
96.2
97.1
94.8
95.6
94.3
95.7
$50,000 - $59,999
96.8
97.7
96.9
97.9
96.3
97.2
94.4
95.5
$60,000 - $74,999
97.6
98.4
97.8
98.5
96.8
97.7
96.7
98.1
$75,000 - $99,999
97.6
98.2
97.7
98.3
96.0
97.0
96.1
96.7
$100,000 - $149,999
98.2
98.8
98.2
98.8
98.0
98.5
98.8
99.7
$150,000 +
98.0
98.6
98.0
98.6
96.3
96.4
96.9
97.0
31

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

MARCH 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.6
95.3
95.4
96.0
89.2
90.6
91.0
92.3

UNDER $5,000

84.4
87.1
87.1
89.5
76.6
80.6
79.4
82.7
$5,000 - $7,499
85.6
87.9
86.4
87.7
82.8
86.5
77.1
79.5
$7,500 - $9,999
90.2
91.0
91.8
92.3
85.9
87.0
87.8
89.0
$10,000 - $12,499
88.6
89.8
89.9
91.4
84.8
85.8
82.9
86.4
$12,500 - $14,999
91.0
91.9
91.8
92.5
87.9
90.0
89.3
89.5
$15,000 - $19,999
92.3
93.3
92.6
93.6
91.2
92.3
87.0
89.1
$20,000 - $24,999
93.5
94.3
94.2
95.0
88.9
89.4
88.2
90.3
$25,000 - $29,999
95.2
96.0
95.6
96.4
93.3
94.1
93.4
93.7
$30,000 - $34,999
95.8
96.8
95.8
96.7
95.6
97.0
93.1
93.8
$35,000 - $39,999
95.8
96.5
96.2
96.7
92.9
94.7
92.3
93.4
$40,000 - $49,999
97.0
97.5
97.4
97.7
94.1
95.7
94.3
95.4
$50,000 - $59,999
97.5
98.2
97.8
98.5
94.3
95.9
96.6
97.7
$60,000 - $74,999
97.9
98.2
98.0
98.4
95.9
96.3
97.9
98.7
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
99.1
98.6
99.1
98.3
98.6
98.0
99.2
$100,000 - $149,999
98.6
99.0
98.8
99.1
95.7
97.3
97.5
97.5
$150,000 +
98.9
99.2
99.1
99.3
98.4
98.4
100.0
100.0

JULY 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.8
95.7
96.5
90.5
91.7
91.0
92.5

UNDER $5,000

82.2
85.2
86.5
89.2
73.1
77.2
84.7
86.2
$5,000 - $7,499
85.7
87.4
86.6
89.0
83.5
84.1
79.2
80.7
$7,500 - $9,999
87.9
89.8
89.0
90.3
84.6
88.8
87.0
90.5
$10,000 - $12,499
90.9
92.3
91.7
92.6
87.9
90.5
83.9
86.0
$12,500 - $14,999
93.1
93.9
93.7
94.6
90.7
91.3
91.8
93.0
$15,000 - $19,999
93.2
94.2
93.1
94.0
94.1
95.3
85.4
87.4
$20,000 - $24,999
95.3
96.2
95.6
96.7
94.1
94.1
92.2
94.0
$25,000 - $29,999
95.6
96.3
95.9
96.7
94.0
94.9
92.4
93.3
$30,000 - $34,999
95.6
96.9
95.9
97.3
94.9
95.6
90.3
93.0
$35,000 - $39,999
95.9
96.7
96.3
97.0
92.9
94.0
91.6
93.2
$40,000 - $49,999
97.1
97.9
97.5
98.1
95.9
97.1
95.9
97.1
$50,000 - $59,999
97.8
98.4
97.9
98.5
96.8
98.4
96.7
97.6
$60,000 - $74,999
98.0
98.5
98.0
98.6
96.9
96.9
96.4
98.1
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
99.0
98.8
99.1
96.6
97.0
98.1
98.2
$100,000 - $149,999
99.0
99.2
99.2
99.4
97.6
97.6
97.8
97.8
$150,000 +
99.0
99.2
99.1
99.4
96.5
96.5
100.0
100.0

NOVEMBER 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.9
95.8
95.7
96.5
89.9
91.3
90.6
91.8

UNDER $5,000

84.4
87.5
85.9
89.1
80.8
84.5
76.3
80.8
$5,000 - $7,499
85.4
86.8
86.3
88.1
81.2
81.9
78.3
80.9
$7,500 - $9,999
88.9
90.5
90.6
92.1
83.8
85.9
82.2
84.8
$10,000 - $12,499
89.1
91.1
90.6
92.2
84.6
87.4
82.3
83.3
$12,500 - $14,999
92.2
93.1
92.6
93.6
88.5
89.5
84.3
86.0
$15,000 - $19,999
92.1
93.4
93.0
94.1
90.4
91.8
82.7
86.0
$20,000 - $24,999
93.7
94.8
94.1
95.1
90.3
92.2
89.4
91.1
$25,000 - $29,999
94.6
95.4
94.4
95.1
94.7
95.9
90.9
91.3
$30,000 - $34,999
96.3
97.2
96.9
97.5
92.4
95.2
95.4
95.7
$35,000 - $39,999
96.5
97.0
96.9
97.4
92.5
93.5
95.2
95.7
$40,000 - $49,999
97.5
98.3
97.8
98.5
95.4
96.7
94.5
95.3
$50,000 - $59,999
97.6
98.5
97.7
98.6
96.6
98.0
97.2
97.6
$60,000 - $74,999
98.6
98.9
98.7
99.0
97.5
97.8
95.5
96.6
$75,000 - $99,999
98.8
99.2
99.0
99.4
98.0
99.4
98.3
98.7
$100,000 - $149,999
98.7
99.3
99.0
99.5
96.7
97.4
98.3
98.3
$150,000 +
99.0
99.3
99.0
99.3
98.3
98.3
99.3
99.3
32

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2007 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.8
95.6
95.6
96.3
89.9
91.2
90.9
92.2

UNDER $5,000

83.6
86.6
86.5
89.2
76.8
80.8
80.1
83.2
$5,000 - $7,499
85.5
87.4
86.4
88.3
82.5
84.1
78.2
80.4
$7,500 - $9,999
89.0
90.5
90.5
91.6
84.8
87.2
85.6
88.1
$10,000 - $12,499
89.5
91.1
90.7
92.0
85.8
87.9
83.0
85.2
$12,500 - $14,999
92.1
92.9
92.7
93.6
89.0
90.3
88.5
89.5
$15,000 - $19,999
92.5
93.6
92.9
93.9
91.9
93.1
85.0
87.5
$20,000 - $24,999
94.1
95.1
94.6
95.6
91.1
91.9
89.9
91.8
$25,000 - $29,999
95.1
95.9
95.3
96.1
94.0
95.0
92.2
92.8
$30,000 - $34,999
95.9
97.0
96.2
97.1
94.3
95.9
92.9
94.2
$35,000 - $39,999
96.0
96.7
96.5
97.0
92.7
94.1
93.0
94.1
$40,000 - $49,999
97.2
97.9
97.6
98.1
95.1
96.5
94.9
95.9
$50,000 - $59,999
97.6
98.4
97.8
98.5
95.9
97.4
96.8
97.6
$60,000 - $74,999
98.1
98.6
98.3
98.7
96.7
97.0
96.6
97.8
$75,000 - $99,999
98.7
99.1
98.8
99.2
97.7
98.3
98.1
98.7
$100,000 - $149,999
98.8
99.2
99.0
99.3
96.6
97.5
97.9
97.9
$150,000 +
99.0
99.2
99.0
99.3
97.7
97.7
99.8
99.8

MARCH 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.8
96.4
91.3
92.3
91.6
92.5

UNDER $5,000

83.0
85.5
84.9
87.5
80.7
82.3
74.7
78.9
$5,000 - $7,499
86.6
88.5
87.6
89.3
83.5
86.2
83.8
86.6
$7,500 - $9,999
89.0
90.1
89.6
90.6
86.9
87.9
86.3
88.1
$10,000 - $12,499
90.8
91.9
90.7
91.8
89.0
90.8
85.7
87.8
$12,500 - $14,999
93.5
94.3
93.6
94.6
93.5
93.5
88.8
90.7
$15,000 - $19,999
94.2
94.5
94.9
95.1
91.7
92.1
91.3
91.3
$20,000 - $24,999
94.6
95.3
95.1
95.7
92.5
93.5
92.7
92.7
$25,000 - $29,999
95.0
96.2
95.4
96.4
93.1
95.5
92.4
93.2
$30,000 - $34,999
96.6
97.1
96.8
97.3
95.0
95.0
94.2
95.1
$35,000 - $39,999
96.1
97.0
96.3
97.0
93.4
96.4
91.9
93.0
$40,000 - $49,999
96.9
97.5
97.2
97.7
94.4
95.3
95.0
95.9
$50,000 - $59,999
97.7
98.3
97.9
98.4
96.5
97.2
96.1
97.3
$60,000 - $74,999
98.3
98.8
98.6
99.0
94.8
95.9
97.9
98.4
$75,000 - $99,999
98.8
99.0
99.0
99.3
97.2
97.2
97.5
98.1
$100,000 - $149,999
98.8
99.3
98.8
99.3
98.4
98.4
99.4
99.7
$150,000 +
98.9
99.4
98.8
99.3
99.9
100.0
99.9
99.9

JULY 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.4
96.1
96.1
96.7
91.0
92.0
92.0
93.1

UNDER $5,000

84.1
86.8
85.4
88.0
78.8
82.4
76.4
80.6
$5,000 - $7,499
88.0
90.2
88.4
91.0
87.1
88.3
86.5
89.6
$7,500 - $9,999
90.3
92.4
90.6
91.9
91.0
93.1
89.6
91.1
$10,000 - $12,499
92.3
93.5
93.1
94.1
90.1
91.1
86.9
89.0
$12,500 - $14,999
91.8
93.2
92.4
93.5
89.4
90.6
82.5
85.9
$15,000 - $19,999
93.9
94.4
95.0
95.5
88.3
89.0
92.3
92.7
$20,000 - $24,999
95.9
96.4
96.4
97.1
92.8
92.8
94.0
94.7
$25,000 - $29,999
94.8
95.8
94.8
96.0
94.8
95.4
89.4
91.2
$30,000 - $34,999
95.2
96.2
95.9
96.7
91.2
92.3
93.5
95.0
$35,000 - $39,999
97.4
97.8
97.6
98.1
95.7
96.1
96.9
96.9
$40,000 - $49,999
97.4
98.0
97.5
98.0
97.2
97.9
95.6
96.4
$50,000 - $59,999
98.5
98.9
98.7
99.1
96.4
96.9
95.1
96.5
$60,000 - $74,999
98.2
98.5
98.5
98.8
94.3
94.7
98.0
98.0
$75,000 - $99,999
98.9
99.1
99.2
99.4
97.3
98.2
99.7
99.7
$100,000 - $149,999
98.8
99.3
98.9
99.4
96.0
97.2
98.6
99.2
$150,000 +
98.8
99.1
98.9
99.2
98.5
98.5
97.8
99.1
33

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.7
95.8
96.4
90.6
91.6
91.4
92.4

UNDER $5,000

82.8
85.6
87.0
89.5
76.4
79.6
79.1
83.3
$5,000 - $7,499
86.8
88.0
88.7
90.3
82.4
83.1
83.5
86.6
$7,500 - $9,999
88.9
89.9
89.7
90.7
85.0
86.1
82.1
83.0
$10,000 - $12,499
90.8
92.2
91.4
92.9
88.6
89.3
83.8
86.4
$12,500 - $14,999
92.7
93.6
93.4
94.1
90.7
92.5
90.7
90.7
$15,000 - $19,999
92.9
94.0
93.5
94.7
89.6
90.9
90.7
91.8
$20,000 - $24,999
93.9
94.5
94.5
94.8
89.5
91.9
89.5
90.1
$25,000 - $29,999
95.1
95.9
95.5
96.4
92.0
92.5
90.4
91.7
$30,000 - $34,999
95.5
96.0
95.9
96.5
93.3
93.7
94.1
94.4
$35,000 - $39,999
96.8
97.5
97.2
97.9
94.2
94.7
95.0
95.6
$40,000 - $49,999
97.3
98.1
97.5
98.3
97.1
98.1
97.3
97.8
$50,000 - $59,999
97.6
98.3
97.9
98.6
95.9
96.8
94.4
95.9
$60,000 - $74,999
98.3
98.7
98.4
98.8
98.4
98.4
96.7
97.9
$75,000 - $99,999
98.2
98.6
98.5
98.9
95.5
96.0
98.1
99.0
$100,000 - $149,999
99.0
99.3
99.0
99.2
99.6
100.0
98.9
99.5
$150,000 +
99.0
99.3
99.0
99.3
97.6
97.6
98.9
99.0
2008 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.9
96.5
91.0
91.9
91.7
92.7

UNDER $5,000

83.3
86.0
85.7
88.3
78.6
81.5
76.7
80.9
$5,000 - $7,499
87.1
88.9
88.2
90.2
84.4
85.9
84.6
87.6
$7,500 - $9,999
89.4
90.8
90.0
91.1
87.6
89.0
86.0
87.4
$10,000 - $12,499
91.3
92.5
91.7
92.9
89.2
90.4
85.5
87.8
$12,500 - $14,999
92.7
93.7
93.1
94.1
91.2
92.2
87.3
89.1
$15,000 - $19,999
93.6
94.3
94.5
95.1
89.8
90.7
91.4
91.9
$20,000 - $24,999
94.8
95.4
95.3
95.9
91.6
92.7
92.1
92.5
$25,000 - $29,999
95.0
96.0
95.3
96.2
93.3
94.4
90.7
92.0
$30,000 - $34,999
95.8
96.4
96.2
96.8
93.2
93.7
93.9
94.8
$35,000 - $39,999
96.7
97.5
97.1
97.7
94.4
95.7
94.6
95.1
$40,000 - $49,999
97.2
97.9
97.4
98.0
96.2
97.1
96.0
96.7
$50,000 - $59,999
97.9
98.5
98.2
98.7
96.3
97.0
95.2
96.6
$60,000 - $74,999
98.2
98.6
98.5
98.9
95.9
96.4
97.6
98.1
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
98.9
98.9
99.2
96.7
97.1
98.4
98.9
$100,000 - $149,999
98.8
99.3
98.9
99.3
98.0
98.5
99.0
99.5
$150,000 +
98.9
99.3
98.9
99.3
98.6
98.7
98.9
99.3

MARCH 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.6
96.3
96.2
96.8
92.4
93.5
92.3
93.2

UNDER $5,000

86.1
88.4
87.9
89.6
81.0
84.5
81.9
83.2
$5,000 - $7,499
90.4
91.5
90.1
91.0
90.3
91.8
88.3
88.3
$7,500 - $9,999
91.1
92.4
92.4
93.9
87.6
88.2
89.6
91.5
$10,000 - $12,499
91.2
92.7
91.8
92.9
91.2
92.0
89.3
91.6
$12,500 - $14,999
92.7
93.9
93.4
94.5
87.9
90.2
88.5
90.1
$15,000 - $19,999
94.9
95.8
95.4
96.3
93.2
93.8
92.0
93.6
$20,000 - $24,999
95.0
95.7
95.2
95.7
94.4
95.7
89.5
89.9
$25,000 - $29,999
95.9
96.4
96.4
97.0
94.0
94.9
94.5
95.2
$30,000 - $34,999
96.3
97.2
96.6
97.2
96.1
97.2
92.4
93.4
$35,000 - $39,999
97.1
97.4
96.9
97.2
97.9
98.2
94.8
95.4
$40,000 - $49,999
98.1
98.6
98.3
98.6
96.7
98.8
97.5
97.6
$50,000 - $59,999
97.9
98.4
98.1
98.6
96.3
97.0
96.2
97.0
$60,000 - $74,999
98.3
98.6
98.4
98.7
98.3
98.3
97.7
98.1
$75,000 - $99,999
98.4
99.1
98.5
99.1
98.0
99.2
98.7
99.6
$100,000 - $149,999
99.0
99.4
99.1
99.4
97.8
98.1
99.4
100.0
$150,000 +
99.6
99.7
99.6
99.8
97.3
98.3
98.7
98.7
34

Table 4

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

JULY 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.4
96.9
92.2
93.2
92.6
93.4

UNDER $5,000

86.2
88.0
87.8
89.3
83.9
86.5
82.6
84.1
$5,000 - $7,499
85.9
87.8
87.3
88.7
84.9
87.0
82.9
84.0
$7,500 - $9,999
90.6
92.3
90.3
92.3
92.3
93.2
86.6
87.8
$10,000 - $12,499
91.8
92.6
92.3
93.0
90.7
91.5
89.1
90.0
$12,500 - $14,999
93.3
94.5
94.5
95.2
87.8
90.3
92.8
94.0
$15,000 - $19,999
94.7
95.3
96.1
96.6
88.1
89.1
92.7
94.7
$20,000 - $24,999
96.0
96.6
96.0
96.6
96.2
97.4
92.0
93.1
$25,000 - $29,999
96.3
96.7
96.3
96.7
96.0
96.4
91.9
92.6
$30,000 - $34,999
96.5
97.0
96.7
97.0
95.9
96.8
93.5
94.2
$35,000 - $39,999
97.4
98.1
97.7
98.4
95.3
96.0
96.5
97.4
$40,000 - $49,999
97.4
98.0
97.3
98.0
96.8
97.2
94.7
96.2
$50,000 - $59,999
98.5
98.8
98.9
99.1
96.7
97.8
97.5
97.7
$60,000 - $74,999
98.6
98.8
98.7
98.8
97.6
98.0
98.3
98.3
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
99.1
98.8
99.2
99.5
99.5
97.2
97.7
$100,000 - $149,999
99.1
99.4
99.3
99.5
97.5
98.1
99.1
99.1
$150,000 +
99.2
99.4
99.2
99.4
99.2
100.0
96.0
96.1

NOVEMBER 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.9
91.8
92.9
93.0
93.8

UNDER $5,000

85.5
87.5
89.2
91.0
79.0
81.4
85.4
87.3
$5,000 - $7,499
90.4
92.0
90.6
92.5
89.8
91.0
86.7
88.8
$7,500 - $9,999
90.2
92.2
92.8
94.2
82.2
85.6
92.7
94.2
$10,000 - $12,499
93.2
94.0
93.9
94.5
89.9
91.2
90.5
91.4
$12,500 - $14,999
94.0
95.3
94.7
95.7
90.1
92.7
91.5
92.5
$15,000 - $19,999
94.7
95.6
94.8
95.8
94.3
95.5
93.0
94.1
$20,000 - $24,999
95.4
95.9
95.9
96.4
92.5
92.8
92.0
93.2
$25,000 - $29,999
96.0
96.8
96.4
97.2
93.9
94.7
90.5
91.9
$30,000 - $34,999
96.9
97.6
97.4
97.9
94.6
95.9
94.7
96.1
$35,000 - $39,999
97.5
97.8
97.7
98.0
95.9
96.8
96.4
96.4
$40,000 - $49,999
97.8
98.1
97.9
98.1
96.2
97.6
96.1
96.4
$50,000 - $59,999
98.2
98.6
98.4
98.8
96.7
96.7
97.1
98.1
$60,000 - $74,999
98.7
99.1
98.7
99.1
98.1
98.4
98.5
99.2
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
98.9
98.7
99.0
97.6
97.6
97.6
97.6
$100,000 - $149,999
98.8
99.1
99.0
99.3
95.3
96.7
97.0
97.5
$150,000 +
98.7
99.2
98.7
99.1
99.8
99.8
100.0
100.0
2009 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.8
92.1
93.2
92.6
93.5

UNDER $5,000

85.9
88.0
88.3
90.0
81.3
84.1
83.3
84.9
$5,000 - $7,499
88.9
90.4
89.3
90.7
88.3
90.0
86.0
87.0
$7,500 - $9,999
90.7
92.3
91.8
93.5
87.4
89.0
89.7
91.2
$10,000 - $12,499
92.1
93.1
92.6
93.5
90.6
91.6
89.6
91.0
$12,500 - $14,999
93.3
94.5
94.2
95.2
88.6
91.0
90.9
92.2
$15,000 - $19,999
94.8
95.5
95.4
96.2
91.9
92.8
92.6
94.1
$20,000 - $24,999
95.5
96.1
95.7
96.3
94.4
95.3
91.2
92.1
$25,000 - $29,999
96.1
96.7
96.4
96.9
94.6
95.3
92.3
93.2
$30,000 - $34,999
96.6
97.2
96.9
97.4
95.5
96.6
93.5
94.6
$35,000 - $39,999
97.3
97.8
97.4
97.9
96.4
97.0
95.9
96.4
$40,000 - $49,999
97.7
98.2
97.9
98.3
96.6
97.9
96.1
96.7
$50,000 - $59,999
98.2
98.6
98.5
98.8
96.6
97.2
96.9
97.6
$60,000 - $74,999
98.5
98.8
98.6
98.9
98.0
98.2
98.2
98.5
$75,000 - $99,999
98.6
99.0
98.7
99.1
98.4
98.7
97.8
98.3
$100,000 - $149,999
99.0
99.3
99.1
99.4
96.9
97.6
98.5
98.9
$150,000 +
99.2
99.4
99.2
99.4
98.8
99.4
98.2
98.2
35

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 1983
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.4
93.7
93.1
95.0
78.8
83.9
80.7
84.6
1 PERSON
87.5
91.3
90.2
93.7
71.2
77.1
73.8
82.0
2 - 3
93.3
95.0
94.5
95.9
82.5
87.8
80.7
84.3
4 - 5
92.4
94.2
93.6
95.0
83.1
87.3
83.4
86.2
6 +
86.6
88.9
90.5
92.2
74.5
78.5
81.0
84.0
1984 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.6
93.7
93.2
94.9
79.8
84.5
80.9
84.3
1 PERSON
88.3
91.8
90.3
93.4
74.9
80.7
72.9
79.4
2 - 3
93.2
94.9
94.5
95.9
82.3
86.8
82.0
85.2
4 - 5
92.5
94.0
93.9
95.1
81.8
85.7
83.9
86.2
6 +
86.9
88.8
89.8
91.1
76.3
80.1
79.2
81.8
1985 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.8
93.9
93.3
95.0
81.1
85.2
81.3
84.4
1 PERSON
87.6
91.2
89.9
93.1
73.6
79.8
71.9
78.5
2 - 3
93.5
95.0
94.5
95.8
84.9
87.9
83.6
86.0
4 - 5
94.2
95.3
95.2
96.1
87.6
90.4
85.6
87.0
6 +
90.3
91.8
92.8
93.6
81.3
84.9
85.6
86.1
1986 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.3
94.1
93.7
95.2
81.6
85.9
81.4
84.1
1 PERSON
88.1
91.4
90.4
93.2
75.4
81.0
73.9
79.3
2 - 3
94.0
95.3
95.0
96.1
85.3
88.9
83.1
85.4
4 - 5
94.4
95.3
95.4
96.1
87.9
90.4
85.5
86.7
6 +
90.1
91.5
92.9
93.5
77.8
82.8
83.3
84.1
1987 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.4
94.2
93.8
95.4
81.8
85.9
83.0
85.4
1 PERSON
89.5
92.7
91.3
94.1
77.8
83.1
79.5
83.5
2 - 3
93.9
95.3
95.1
96.3
83.9
87.3
83.8
86.3
4 - 5
93.0
94.5
94.3
95.4
83.6
87.4
84.4
86.4
6 +
87.4
89.1
89.8
91.0
77.4
81.5
80.6
81.6
1988 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.7
94.5
94.1
95.6
83.0
86.8
82.1
85.1
1 PERSON
88.4
91.7
90.6
93.5
76.4
82.0
74.4
79.5
2 - 3
94.5
95.7
95.4
96.4
86.8
89.7
84.2
86.9
4 - 5
94.9
95.8
95.8
96.5
89.0
90.7
84.4
85.6
6 +
92.8
94.3
93.7
94.9
87.2
90.6
86.1
88.0
1989 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHO

93.1
94.9
94.5
95.9
83.2
87.1
83.0
86.0
1 PERSON
90.0
93.0
91.9
94.6
79.1
83.8
75.5
81.3
2 - 3
94.5
95.8
95.6
96.7
85.8
89.3
84.3
87.3
4 - 5
94.5
95.5
95.7
96.4
85.7
88.8
86.9
88.5
6 +
90.5
92.0
92.7
93.8
82.4
85.8
84.9
86.5
36

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1990 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.3
95.0
94.6
96.1
83.5
87.0
82.7
85.3
1 PERSON
90.9
93.7
92.5
95.1
80.2
84.8
76.2
80.5
2 - 3
94.7
96.0
95.8
96.9
86.0
89.0
84.2
86.7
4 - 5
93.6
95.0
95.0
96.1
84.0
87.1
84.6
86.8
6 +
87.8
89.6
90.2
91.5
78.5
81.8
80.6
81.8
1991 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.4
95.1
94.8
96.2
83.5
87.2
84.1
87.7
1 PERSON
91.1
93.9
92.8
95.3
79.8
84.9
77.7
83.3
2 - 3
94.9
96.2
96.0
97.1
85.8
88.9
86.2
88.4
4 - 5
93.7
95.0
95.1
96.1
84.3
87.4
85.1
87.5
6 +
88.8
90.4
90.5
91.8
81.0
83.9
82.0
83.3
1992 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.3
95.2
96.4
84.2
87.9
85.8
88.2
1 PERSON
91.8
94.1
93.4
95.4
81.4
86.1
81.3
85.4
2 - 3
95.1
96.3
96.2
97.2
86.1
89.2
86.3
88.9
4 - 5
93.9
95.2
95.3
96.2
84.4
88.0
87.4
89.2
6 +
89.9
91.4
91.7
92.7
82.8
85.4
85.7
86.6
1993 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.6
95.5
96.6
85.2
88.3
86.7
88.8
1 PERSON
92.3
94.6
93.9
95.8
82.5
86.8
81.9
86.4
2 - 3
95.3
96.4
96.3
97.2
87.1
89.6
87.3
89.1
4 - 5
94.5
95.6
95.9
96.7
85.7
88.3
88.4
90.2
6 +
89.9
91.5
92.0
93.0
81.2
84.9
85.7
87.1
1994 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.4
95.1
96.4
85.7
89.4
86.0
88.3
1 PERSON
91.8
94.2
93.4
95.4
82.2
86.7
82.1
85.9
2 - 3
95.0
96.2
96.0
97.0
87.9
91.1
86.6
88.9
4 - 5
94.2
95.6
95.5
96.6
86.6
89.9
88.1
89.5
6 +
89.4
91.7
91.3
93.1
82.3
86.9
83.4
85.9
1995 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.2
95.2
96.2
86.2
89.2
85.9
87.8
1 PERSON
91.6
93.4
93.2
94.6
82.1
85.9
80.6
82.7
2 - 3
95.2
96.1
96.2
96.9
88.2
90.7
86.4
88.2
4 - 5
94.5
95.6
95.6
96.5
87.9
90.5
88.0
89.8
6 +
90.4
92.3
92.0
93.6
84.4
87.8
85.2
87.1
1996 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
94.9
95.8
87.3
89.8
86.4
88.0
1 PERSON
91.5
93.1
92.7
94.2
83.8
86.5
80.5
83.4
2 - 3
95.2
96.1
96.1
96.7
88.9
91.5
87.5
88.9
4 - 5
94.5
95.5
95.3
96.1
88.9
91.3
87.8
89.5
6 +
89.8
91.1
91.1
92.1
84.6
87.5
85.4
86.5
37

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1997 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
95.0
95.9
86.9
89.5
86.7
88.6
1 PERSON
91.4
93.1
92.8
94.3
83.3
86.3
80.1
83.7
2 - 3
95.0
96.0
95.9
96.6
89.2
91.4
87.6
89.4
4 - 5
94.8
95.8
95.9
96.6
87.9
90.5
89.1
90.3
6 +
90.3
91.7
91.9
92.9
83.0
86.2
85.7
87.6
1998 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.1
95.2
95.1
96.0
87.9
89.7
88.4
90.0
1 PERSON
91.4
92.9
92.9
94.3
82.8
85.2
81.9
84.5
2 - 3
95.4
96.2
96.1
96.8
90.5
92.1
89.5
91.0
4 - 5
94.9
95.7
95.7
96.4
89.5
90.9
89.9
91.3
6 +
91.8
92.9
92.7
93.6
87.9
89.9
88.4
89.4
1999 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.0
95.2
95.9
87.7
89.6
89.9
90.9
1 PERSON
90.9
92.4
92.6
93.8
82.1
84.9
82.7
84.4
2 - 3
95.4
96.1
96.1
96.7
90.3
91.8
90.1
91.3
4 - 5
95.6
96.2
96.4
96.9
90.6
92.0
92.5
93.4
6 +
92.2
93.4
93.4
94.4
85.9
88.5
90.3
90.8
2000 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.4
95.2
95.2
95.9
89.3
90.7
90.5
91.6
1 PERSON
91.5
92.8
92.8
94.0
84.4
86.5
84.0
86.2
2 - 3
95.4
96.1
96.0
96.6
91.0
92.1
90.5
91.6
4 - 5
95.6
96.2
96.2
96.7
91.7
92.9
92.6
93.4
6 +
93.4
94.4
93.8
94.7
91.5
92.7
92.1
93.0
2001 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.9
95.7
95.6
96.4
90.0
91.4
91.3
92.4
1 PERSON
92.0
93.4
93.1
94.4
85.8
87.8
84.9
87.1
2 - 3
95.8
96.4
96.4
96.9
91.7
93.0
91.2
92.2
4 - 5
96.3
96.9
96.8
97.5
92.2
93.2
93.8
94.7
6 +
94.2
95.0
94.8
95.4
91.3
92.6
92.2
92.7
2002 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.3
96.2
96.2
96.9
90.1
91.6
91.7
92.9
1 PERSON
92.7
94.0
94.0
95.2
85.7
87.5
86.7
88.2
2 - 3
96.2
96.9
96.9
97.5
91.8
93.1
91.5
92.7
4 - 5
96.6
97.3
97.1
97.7
92.8
94.1
93.8
94.8
6 +
94.9
95.7
95.4
96.1
92.1
93.4
93.1
94.1
2003 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.1
96.0
95.9
96.6
90.4
91.6
91.4
92.5
1 PERSON
92.1
93.4
93.3
94.6
85.3
86.8
83.6
85.8
2 - 3
96.2
96.9
96.8
97.4
92.2
93.3
92.0
93.1
4 - 5
96.7
97.2
97.1
97.6
93.8
94.7
94.0
94.6
6 +
94.4
95.1
95.0
95.6
91.5
92.8
92.5
93.4
38

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2004 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
94.8
94.6
95.5
88.6
90.0
90.3
91.6
1 PERSON
90.2
91.8
91.6
93.1
83.1
84.8
83.0
85.4
2 - 3
95.0
95.8
95.7
96.4
90.4
91.8
90.7
92.0
4 - 5
95.7
96.3
96.2
96.7
92.0
93.4
92.9
93.7
6 +
94.3
95.0
94.5
95.2
93.1
93.8
92.4
93.2
2005 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.1
94.3
93.9
95.0
88.0
89.8
88.8
90.4
1 PERSON
89.9
91.6
91.3
92.8
83.3
85.5
83.0
85.2
2 - 3
94.2
95.2
94.8
95.8
89.9
91.4
88.7
90.3
4 - 5
94.6
95.5
95.2
96.0
91.1
92.3
91.1
92.4
6 +
93.5
94.7
94.1
95.1
90.3
92.8
91.3
92.4
2006 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.6
94.7
94.4
95.4
88.7
90.3
89.1
90.7
1 PERSON
90.4
92.0
91.6
93.1
84.3
86.3
81.9
84.7
2 - 3
94.7
95.7
95.4
96.3
90.0
91.5
89.4
91.0
4 - 5
95.2
96.0
95.6
96.4
92.5
93.6
91.4
92.5
6 +
94.2
94.9
94.6
95.3
91.9
92.4
93.0
93.9

MARCH 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.6
95.3
95.4
96.0
89.2
90.6
91.0
92.3
1 PERSON
92.0
93.0
93.1
94.1
85.8
87.2
86.2
88.1
2 - 3
95.4
96.0
96.1
96.6
90.0
91.4
90.8
92.3
4 - 5
96.1
96.8
96.6
97.2
92.8
93.8
93.0
93.9
6 +
94.8
95.8
95.5
96.4
92.0
93.3
93.2
94.6

JULY 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.8
95.7
96.5
90.5
91.7
91.0
92.5
1 PERSON
92.2
93.6
93.4
94.8
86.2
87.9
85.9
88.0
2 - 3
95.8
96.4
96.4
97.0
92.0
93.1
90.6
91.8
4 - 5
96.7
97.2
97.2
97.7
93.3
94.2
93.8
95.5
6 +
94.9
95.5
94.9
95.6
92.6
93.6
92.5
93.6

NOVEMBER 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.9
95.8
95.7
96.5
89.9
91.3
90.6
91.8
1 PERSON
91.8
93.2
93.2
94.4
84.8
86.3
82.7
84.8
2 - 3
95.9
96.6
96.5
97.1
92.3
93.7
90.9
91.9
4 - 5
96.7
97.3
97.2
97.7
93.0
94.4
93.6
94.6
6 +
95.0
95.5
95.4
95.9
91.1
92.0
93.9
94.5
2007 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.8
95.6
95.6
96.3
89.9
91.2
90.9
92.2
1 PERSON
92.0
93.3
93.2
94.4
85.6
87.1
84.9
87.0
2 - 3
95.7
96.3
96.4
96.9
91.4
92.7
90.8
92.0
4 - 5
96.5
97.1
97.0
97.5
93.0
94.1
93.5
94.7
6 +
94.9
95.6
95.3
96.0
91.9
92.9
93.2
94.2
39

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

MARCH 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.8
96.4
91.3
92.3
91.6
92.5
1 PERSON
92.7
93.7
93.5
94.5
88.1
89.1
86.7
88.0
2 - 3
96.1
96.6
96.6
97.1
93.0
93.8
91.4
92.1
4 - 5
96.5
97.1
97.1
97.6
92.7
94.0
94.1
95.0
6 +
95.4
95.9
96.0
96.5
92.6
93.1
93.2
94.2

JULY 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.4
96.1
96.1
96.7
91.0
92.0
92.0
93.1
1 PERSON
93.0
94.1
94.2
95.2
87.0
88.2
87.4
89.3
2 - 3
96.1
96.7
96.6
97.1
92.7
93.5
91.8
93.0
4 - 5
96.8
97.3
97.2
97.6
93.7
94.6
94.0
95.0
6 +
95.4
95.9
96.3
96.6
91.3
93.0
94.0
94.5

NOVEMBER 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.7
95.8
96.4
90.6
91.6
91.4
92.4
1 PERSON
92.7
93.7
93.7
94.7
87.3
88.4
85.1
86.4
2 - 3
95.8
96.4
96.4
97.0
91.9
92.7
91.6
92.9
4 - 5
96.5
97.0
97.1
97.5
93.2
94.0
94.0
94.4
6+
94.8
95.4
95.0
95.6
93.1
93.6
92.8
94.1
2008 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.9
96.5
91.0
91.9
91.7
92.7
1 PERSON
92.8
93.8
93.8
94.8
87.5
88.6
86.4
87.9
2 - 3
96.0
96.6
96.6
97.1
92.6
93.3
91.6
92.7
4 - 5
96.6
97.1
97.1
97.5
93.2
94.2
94.0
94.8
6+
95.2
95.7
95.8
96.2
92.3
93.3
93.4
94.3

MARCH 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.6
96.3
96.2
96.8
92.4
93.5
92.3
93.2
1 PERSON
93.4
94.3
94.3
95.1
89.2
90.0
86.0
87.0
2 - 3
96.3
96.9
96.7
97.2
93.2
94.7
92.6
93.6
4 - 5
97.0
97.5
97.5
97.8
95.2
95.8
94.7
95.3
6 +
96.0
96.7
96.5
96.9
94.6
96.6
94.8
95.9

JULY 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.4
96.9
92.2
93.2
92.6
93.4
1 PERSON
93.5
94.5
94.4
95.3
89.1
90.4
86.9
88.0
2 - 3
96.5
97.0
97.1
97.4
93.1
94.0
93.0
93.9
4 - 5
96.8
97.1
97.2
97.5
94.6
95.6
94.8
95.4
6 +
95.7
96.0
95.9
96.1
95.5
96.1
93.2
93.9

NOVEMBER 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.9
91.8
92.9
93.0
93.8
1 PERSON
93.6
94.5
94.6
95.4
89.3
90.5
88.3
90.0
2 - 3
96.4
96.9
96.9
97.4
93.1
94.1
92.9
93.8
4 - 5
96.8
97.2
97.5
97.7
92.3
93.6
94.9
95.4
6+
96.5
96.9
96.5
96.8
95.9
96.5
95.2
95.4
40

Table 5

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2009 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.8
92.1
93.2
92.6
93.5
1 PERSON
93.5
94.4
94.4
95.3
89.2
90.3
87.0
88.4
2 - 3
96.4
96.9
96.9
97.3
93.2
94.3
92.9
93.7
4 - 5
96.9
97.3
97.4
97.7
94.0
95.0
94.8
95.4
6+
96.1
96.5
96.3
96.6
95.3
96.4
94.4
95.1
41

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 1983
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.4
93.7
93.1
95.0
78.8
83.9
80.7
84.6
16-24 YRS OLD
76.6
84.1
80.2
86.2
49.9
68.2
64.9
71.9
25-54 YRS OLD
91.5
93.7
93.4
95.2
78.7
83.3
81.8
85.6
55-59 YRS OLD
95.0
96.1
96.1
97.0
86.3
88.5
89.3
89.3
60-64 YRS OLD
95.5
96.4
96.4
97.2
89.5
90.7
87.3
90.2
65-69 YRS OLD
95.5
96.2
96.5
97.0
87.2
89.0
90.7
90.7
70-99 YRS OLD
95.4
96.5
96.0
97.0
90.1
92.3
85.5
89.1
1984 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.6
93.7
93.2
94.9
79.8
84.5
80.9
84.3
16-24 YRS OLD
77.0
83.6
79.6
85.4
58.2
70.8
60.9
69.2
25-54 YRS OLD
91.7
93.7
93.4
95.1
79.6
84.1
83.1
85.7
55-59 YRS OLD
94.9
96.1
96.1
97.1
86.6
89.2
87.1
90.1
60-64 YRS OLD
94.9
96.0
96.0
97.0
86.6
88.8
87.1
89.1
65-69 YRS OLD
96.2
96.8
97.1
97.6
87.9
89.9
90.2
91.5
70-99 YRS OLD
95.3
96.5
96.0
97.1
88.2
90.9
84.4
87.6
1985 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

91.8
93.9
93.3
95.0
81.1
85.2
81.3
84.4
16-24 YRS OLD
77.9
83.8
80.3
85.8
60.0
69.4
64.8
70.8
25-54 YRS OLD
91.9
93.9
93.5
95.2
80.7
85.0
82.5
85.2
55-59 YRS OLD
94.9
96.0
95.8
96.8
87.8
90.0
87.4
89.2
60-64 YRS OLD
94.9
95.9
95.8
96.5
88.4
90.2
89.7
91.3
65-69 YRS OLD
95.9
96.8
96.8
97.5
88.2
90.9
89.1
91.7
70-99 YRS OLD
95.5
96.6
96.2
97.3
89.1
90.7
87.6
90.9
1986 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.3
94.1
93.7
95.2
81.6
85.9
81.4
84.1
16-24 YRS OLD
79.0
84.4
81.5
85.9
59.8
72.2
63.4
67.4
25-54 YRS OLD
92.2
94.0
93.8
95.3
81.1
85.2
82.9
85.5
55-59 YRS OLD
95.2
96.3
96.1
97.0
88.0
91.3
87.6
90.4
60-64 YRS OLD
95.4
96.2
96.2
97.0
88.9
90.4
89.1
90.3
65-69 YRS OLD
95.8
96.7
96.7
97.4
88.4
90.6
90.4
91.9
70-99 YRS OLD
96.0
97.0
96.5
97.4
91.3
92.9
87.5
89.8
1987 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.4
94.2
93.8
95.4
81.8
85.9
83.0
85.4
16-24 YRS OLD
78.9
84.4
81.4
86.1
61.8
72.3
65.2
70.8
25-54 YRS OLD
92.3
94.2
93.9
95.4
81.4
85.5
84.4
86.5
55-59 YRS OLD
95.2
96.2
96.4
97.2
87.0
89.6
89.1
90.7
60-64 YRS OLD
95.7
96.4
96.6
97.3
88.0
90.2
90.9
92.0
65-69 YRS OLD
95.9
96.7
97.0
97.5
87.1
89.3
88.8
88.8
70-99 YRS OLD
96.0
97.0
96.5
97.5
91.9
93.0
91.6
93.1
1988 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

92.7
94.5
94.1
95.6
83.0
86.8
82.1
85.1
16-24 YRS OLD
80.2
85.1
82.3
86.8
65.6
73.5
64.0
70.9
25-54 YRS OLD
92.6
94.4
94.1
95.6
82.2
86.3
83.5
86.1
55-59 YRS OLD
95.1
96.4
96.1
97.2
88.3
91.0
88.5
89.9
60-64 YRS OLD
95.3
96.2
96.3
97.0
87.6
89.9
87.3
90.0
65-69 YRS OLD
96.4
97.1
97.2
97.7
89.6
92.0
89.6
91.2
70-99 YRS OLD
96.2
97.5
96.7
97.9
92.3
93.9
92.2
94.3
42

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1989 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.1
94.9
94.5
95.9
83.2
87.1
83.0
86.0
16-24 YRS OLD
80.5
85.9
82.9
87.7
65.3
75.2
64.8
72.3
25-54 YRS OLD
92.7
94.6
94.3
95.8
82.2
86.4
83.6
86.5
55-59 YRS OLD
95.4
96.5
96.4
97.4
88.7
90.7
90.1
91.2
60-64 YRS OLD
95.7
96.7
96.6
97.3
89.2
91.6
89.8
90.0
65-69 YRS OLD
96.3
97.0
97.1
97.7
90.3
91.9
88.8
91.0
70-99 YRS OLD
96.4
97.4
97.1
97.9
91.1
92.6
89.8
92.0
1990 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.3
95.0
94.6
96.1
83.5
87.0
82.7
85.3
16-24 YRS OLD
81.2
86.5
83.6
88.2
66.4
75.3
67.8
73.5
25-54 YRS OLD
92.6
94.5
94.1
95.7
82.4
86.1
82.0
84.6
55-59 YRS OLD
95.4
96.4
96.5
97.4
87.3
89.6
89.9
90.7
60-64 YRS OLD
96.2
96.9
97.1
97.6
89.7
91.6
90.6
91.1
65-69 YRS OLD
96.3
97.1
97.0
97.8
90.7
91.7
90.7
92.5
70-99 YRS OLD
96.9
97.8
97.4
98.3
91.9
93.3
93.2
94.1
1991 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.4
95.1
94.8
96.2
83.5
87.2
84.1
86.7
16-24 YRS OLD
81.0
86.1
83.4
88.0
65.7
74.5
68.5
73.9
25-54 YRS OLD
92.7
94.6
94.3
95.8
82.3
86.3
84.1
86.7
55-59 YRS OLD
95.5
96.7
96.5
97.5
88.0
90.9
89.8
90.5
60-64 YRS OLD
95.9
96.9
96.9
97.6
88.5
90.8
88.3
90.4
65-69 YRS OLD
96.7
97.5
97.5
98.2
89.8
91.8
92.9
94.0
70-99 YRS OLD
97.3
98.1
97.8
98.6
92.8
93.5
92.1
94.0
1992 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.3
95.2
96.4
84.2
87.9
85.8
88.2
15-24 YRS OLD
82.0
87.4
85.0
89.6
64.2
74.1
72.8
80.4
25-54 YRS OLD
93.1
94.8
94.6
95.9
82.9
87.0
85.5
87.7
55-59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.8
97.0
97.5
89.6
91.9
91.5
92.3
60-64 YRS OLD
96.3
97.1
97.0
97.7
91.2
92.6
89.3
91.2
65-69 YRS OLD
96.6
97.3
97.5
98.0
89.8
92.0
92.0
92.4
70-99 YRS OLD
97.5
98.0
98.0
98.5
93.1
94.0
94.2
95.0
1993 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.6
95.5
96.6
85.2
88.3
86.7
88.8
15-24 YRS OLD
83.3
87.3
85.7
89.2
70.1
77.3
71.8
76.3
25-54 YRS OLD
93.5
95.1
95.0
96.3
83.5
87.0
86.4
88.7
55-59 YRS OLD
95.9
96.8
96.7
97.5
90.0
92.2
91.3
92.1
60-64 YRS OLD
97.0
97.6
97.7
98.3
91.9
93.3
92.5
93.7
65-69 YRS OLD
97.0
97.6
97.5
98.1
92.8
93.5
92.9
93.9
70-99 YRS OLD
97.6
98.2
98.0
98.6
93.2
94.1
94.7
95.4
1994 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
95.4
95.1
96.4
85.7
89.4
86.0
88.3
15-24 YRS OLD
84.3
89.2
86.1
90.4
74.0
83.0
71.8
77.1
25-54 YRS OLD
93.3
95.0
94.7
96.0
84.8
88.7
86.1
88.4
55-59 YRS OLD
95.6
96.6
96.3
97.2
90.7
92.9
89.4
91.1
60-64 YRS OLD
96.3
97.2
97.1
97.9
90.1
91.9
91.8
92.4
65-69 YRS OLD
96.7
97.3
97.3
97.8
91.8
93.2
93.3
93.5
70-99 YRS OLD
96.7
97.6
97.2
98.1
91.7
93.1
92.3
93.7
43

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1995 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.2
95.2
96.2
86.2
89.2
85.9
87.8
15-24 YRS OLD
84.6
88.5
87.0
90.2
73.2
80.6
74.8
78.0
25-54 YRS OLD
93.6
94.9
95.0
96.0
85.4
88.5
86.1
88.0
55-59 YRS OLD
95.7
96.4
96.2
96.8
92.5
93.9
88.6
90.0
60-64 YRS OLD
95.8
96.5
96.3
96.9
91.7
93.4
90.0
90.9
65-69 YRS OLD
96.4
96.8
96.9
97.4
92.2
93.1
91.2
92.6
70-99 YRS OLD
96.4
97.1
97.0
97.5
91.4
92.8
90.4
92.1
1996 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
94.9
95.8
87.3
89.8
86.4
88.0
15-24 YRS OLD
84.9
88.4
86.8
89.6
74.5
81.2
72.9
76.4
25-54 YRS OLD
93.5
94.8
94.6
95.6
86.6
89.4
87.1
88.8
55-59 YRS OLD
95.7
96.3
96.3
96.8
91.0
92.5
90.3
90.7
60-64 YRS OLD
95.7
96.2
96.3
96.8
92.0
93.0
88.2
88.8
65-69 YRS OLD
95.8
96.3
96.4
96.8
92.5
93.3
89.5
90.4
70-99 YRS OLD
96.5
97.0
96.8
97.3
93.5
94.3
90.9
92.3
1997 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.9
95.0
95.0
95.9
86.9
89.5
86.7
88.6
15-24 YRS OLD
84.9
88.8
86.7
90.1
74.9
81.6
75.0
79.4
25-54 YRS OLD
93.6
94.8
94.7
95.7
86.3
89.0
87.1
88.9
55-59 YRS OLD
95.4
96.1
96.4
96.9
89.2
90.8
90.1
92.2
60-64 YRS OLD
96.0
96.5
96.6
97.0
92.1
92.7
90.6
91.2
65-69 YRS OLD
96.2
96.7
96.7
97.1
92.6
93.8
90.9
92.4
70-99 YRS OLD
96.2
96.7
96.6
97.1
93.0
93.7
90.3
91.3
1998 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.1
95.2
95.1
96.0
87.9
89.7
88.4
90.0
15-24 YRS OLD
87.0
89.8
88.4
91.0
79.9
83.8
80.0
83.5
25-54 YRS OLD
93.8
94.9
94.8
95.8
87.2
89.2
88.5
89.9
55-59 YRS OLD
95.6
96.2
96.2
96.8
91.5
92.5
91.4
92.8
60-64 YRS OLD
95.8
96.3
96.5
97.0
91.8
92.8
91.2
92.6
65-69 YRS OLD
95.7
96.3
96.5
97.0
90.2
90.7
95.1
95.8
70-99 YRS OLD
96.3
96.8
96.7
97.1
93.1
93.8
91.0
91.9
1999 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.2
95.0
95.2
95.9
87.7
89.6
89.9
90.9
15-24 YRS OLD
86.4
88.9
88.2
90.2
77.5
82.3
81.0
83.1
25-54 YRS OLD
94.0
94.9
95.1
95.9
87.5
89.5
90.2
91.3
55-59 YRS OLD
95.7
96.3
96.4
96.9
90.5
91.5
93.1
94.3
60-64 YRS OLD
95.7
96.2
96.4
96.8
90.9
92.0
92.2
92.8
65-69 YRS OLD
95.9
96.3
96.6
97.0
90.0
91.1
94.1
94.8
70-99 YRS OLD
95.8
96.3
96.2
96.7
92.2
92.8
92.4
93.1
2000 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.4
95.2
95.2
95.9
89.3
90.7
90.5
91.6
15-24 YRS OLD
87.8
90.1
89.0
91.3
81.2
84.1
81.9
84.4
25-54 YRS OLD
94.2
95.1
95.1
95.9
89.2
90.7
91.1
92.1
55-59 YRS OLD
95.8
96.3
96.2
96.7
91.8
92.5
91.1
92.0
60-64 YRS OLD
95.8
96.2
96.5
96.7
91.2
92.0
92.3
93.2
65-69 YRS OLD
95.8
96.1
96.3
96.5
92.8
93.2
94.5
94.7
70-99 YRS OLD
95.7
96.1
96.1
96.5
91.6
92.4
92.1
92.7
44

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

2001 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.9
95.7
95.6
96.4
90.0
91.4
91.3
92.4
15-24 YRS OLD
88.8
91.0
89.4
91.5
85.6
88.1
83.5
85.6
25-54 YRS OLD
94.7
95.6
95.5
96.3
89.4
91.0
91.8
92.9
55-59 YRS OLD
96.4
96.9
96.8
97.2
93.1
94.3
93.3
94.3
60-64 YRS OLD
96.2
96.6
96.7
97.0
93.0
94.1
94.4
95.0
65-69 YRS OLD
96.4
96.8
97.1
97.4
92.0
92.7
94.1
94.3
70-99 YRS OLD
96.3
96.8
96.7
97.2
93.2
93.7
91.9
92.6
2002 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.3
96.2
96.2
96.9
90.1
91.6
91.7
92.9
15-24 YRS OLD
88.5
91.0
89.5
91.9
83.4
86.7
84.2
86.7
25-54 YRS OLD
95.0
95.9
95.9
96.7
89.6
91.1
92.0
93.2
55-59 YRS OLD
96.8
97.4
97.4
97.9
92.2
93.2
93.9
94.6
60-64 YRS OLD
96.9
97.4
97.2
97.7
94.8
95.4
93.0
93.5
65-69 YRS OLD
97.5
97.8
98.0
98.1
94.3
95.3
95.1
95.1
70-99 YRS OLD
97.2
97.6
97.7
98.0
93.7
94.4
94.9
95.3
2003 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.1
96.0
95.9
96.6
90.4
91.6
91.4
92.5
15-24 YRS OLD
87.9
90.4
88.9
91.0
83.6
87.0
85.0
87.3
25-54 YRS OLD
94.8
95.7
95.6
96.4
90.0
91.2
91.8
92.8
55-59 YRS OLD
96.8
97.3
97.3
97.8
93.8
94.3
92.6
93.8
60-64 YRS OLD
96.8
97.3
97.5
97.9
92.1
93.0
94.6
94.9
65-69 YRS OLD
97.0
97.4
97.6
97.9
93.2
93.3
94.3
94.6
70-99 YRS OLD
97.1
97.5
97.5
97.9
93.4
94.1
91.9
93.0
2004 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.8
94.8
94.6
95.5
88.6
90.0
90.3
91.6
15-24 YRS OLD
86.4
89.4
87.4
90.0
81.7
85.4
83.3
85.9
25-54 YRS OLD
93.5
94.6
94.4
95.4
88.3
89.8
90.8
92.0
55-59 YRS OLD
95.2
95.7
95.9
96.5
90.0
90.5
91.9
92.6
60-64 YRS OLD
95.3
95.7
96.0
96.4
89.3
89.7
93.0
93.8
65-69 YRS OLD
96.1
96.5
96.4
96.7
94.3
94.4
93.7
94.3
70-99 YRS OLD
95.9
96.3
96.3
96.7
91.8
92.7
91.8
92.2
2005 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.1
94.3
93.9
95.0
88.0
89.8
88.8
90.4
16-24 YRS OLD
86.4
89.0
87.6
89.9
80.9
85.0
80.8
82.7
25-54 YRS OLD
92.8
94.1
93.7
94.9
88.0
89.7
89.5
91.2
55-59 YRS OLD
94.4
95.2
95.0
95.7
89.8
91.2
89.4
90.9
60-64 YRS OLD
94.6
95.4
95.4
96.1
89.2
90.4
92.5
93.6
65-69 YRS OLD
95.1
95.9
95.9
96.5
90.6
91.5
90.9
91.5
70-99 YRS OLD
94.7
95.4
95.1
95.9
90.6
91.6
89.8
90.6
2006 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

93.6
94.7
94.4
95.4
88.7
90.3
89.1
90.7
16-24 YRS OLD
87.8
90.6
88.9
91.6
82.9
86.4
83.3
86.9
25-54 YRS OLD
93.3
94.5
94.1
95.2
88.4
90.1
89.4
90.8
55-59 YRS OLD
95.0
95.7
95.5
96.3
91.2
91.7
90.0
91.6
60-64 YRS OLD
95.5
96.3
96.1
96.9
91.7
92.8
92.0
92.8
65-69 YRS OLD
95.1
95.8
95.5
96.2
91.7
92.4
89.7
91.5
70-99 YRS OLD
95.0
95.6
95.6
96.2
90.5
91.2
91.3
92.3
45

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

MARCH 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

94.6
95.3
95.4
96.0
89.2
90.6
91.0
92.3
15 - 24 YRS OLD
89.3
91.3
89.5
91.4
87.3
88.9
84.3
87.1
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.2
95.1
95.1
95.8
88.9
90.5
91.1
92.3
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.1
96.5
96.8
97.1
91.1
92.4
93.7
94.6
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.3
96.7
97.2
97.6
89.1
89.4
94.5
95.5
65 - 69 YRS OLD
95.5
95.9
96.5
96.8
86.5
87.5
93.5
94.4
70 - 99 YRS OLD
95.9
96.3
96.3
96.7
92.4
92.8
92.2
93.4

JULY 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.8
95.7
96.5
90.5
91.7
91.0
92.5
15-24 YRS OLD
90.6
92.4
91.7
93.6
84.7
86.4
86.2
88.1
25-54 YRS OLD
94.5
95.4
95.2
96.1
90.2
91.5
91.0
92.5
55-59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.6
96.9
97.4
90.5
91.7
93.9
95.1
60-64 YRS OLD
96.8
97.3
97.3
97.7
93.4
94.5
92.9
94.1
65-69 YRS OLD
96.1
96.5
96.6
96.9
92.2
93.7
92.2
93.4
70-99 YRS OLD
96.6
97.2
97.1
97.7
93.8
94.1
92.8
93.7

NOVEMBER 2007
TOTAL HOUSEHOLD

94.9
95.8
95.7
96.5
89.9
91.3
90.6
91.8
15 - 24 YRS OLD
89.5
91.3
90.1
91.6
85.5
89.2
83.1
84.8
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.4
95.5
95.3
96.2
89.6
91.1
91.0
92.1
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.7
96.9
97.4
90.8
92.1
90.5
92.2
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.7
97.2
97.2
97.6
92.9
94.1
95.4
96.1
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.5
96.8
97.4
97.5
90.5
90.9
94.0
94.0
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.7
97.2
97.2
97.7
92.7
93.0
92.0
93.1
2007 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLD

94.8
95.6
95.6
96.3
89.9
91.2
90.9
92.2
15 - 24 YRS OLD
89.8
91.6
90.4
92.2
85.8
88.2
84.5
86.7
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.4
95.3
95.2
96.0
89.6
91.0
91.0
92.3
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.6
96.8
97.3
90.8
92.1
92.7
94.0
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.6
97.1
97.2
97.6
91.8
92.7
94.3
95.3
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.1
96.4
96.8
97.1
89.7
90.7
93.2
93.9
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.4
96.9
96.8
97.4
93.0
93.3
92.3
93.4

MARCH 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.8
96.4
91.3
92.3
91.6
92.5
15 - 24 YRS OLD
90.2
92.1
91.4
93.0
85.4
89.0
85.9
87.4
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.9
95.5
95.4
96.0
91.2
92.1
91.5
92.5
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.6
96.6
97.1
91.9
93.0
93.1
93.8
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.7
97.2
97.0
97.6
93.7
94.4
93.9
94.7
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.9
97.2
97.5
97.8
92.1
92.4
96.4
96.4
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.7
97.1
97.1
97.4
94.1
94.1
94.6
94.9

JULY 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.4
96.1
96.1
96.7
91.0
92.0
92.0
93.1
15-24 YRS OLD
91.7
92.7
92.3
93.2
89.3
90.3
88.4
89.4
25-54 YRS OLD
95.0
95.8
95.6
96.4
90.8
92.0
92.0
93.3
55-59 YRS OLD
96.3
96.7
96.8
97.3
92.6
92.6
93.4
93.8
60-64 YRS OLD
96.4
96.9
97.0
97.6
91.4
92.0
94.0
95.5
65-69 YRS OLD
96.3
96.7
97.0
97.4
92.7
93.0
91.6
93.1
70-99 YRS OLD
96.8
97.2
97.5
97.8
91.5
92.0
93.6
94.0
46

Table 6

Percentage of Households with a Telephone by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 2008
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.0
95.7
95.8
96.4
90.6
91.6
91.4
92.4
15 - 24 YRS OLD
90.7
92.6
91.7
93.7
84.3
86.3
88.0
90.4
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.7
95.4
95.4
96.1
90.6
91.7
91.1
92.1
55 - 59 YRS OLD
95.8
96.2
96.5
96.9
90.2
90.8
93.7
94.3
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.5
96.9
97.1
97.4
93.2
93.5
94.8
94.8
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.2
96.6
96.9
97.3
93.1
93.1
91.8
92.2
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.4
97.0
96.8
97.4
93.1
93.3
94.5
94.8
2008 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.2
95.9
95.9
96.5
91.0
91.9
91.7
92.7
15 - 24 YRS OLD
90.8
92.5
91.8
93.3
86.4
88.5
87.5
89.1
25 - 54 YRS OLD
94.8
95.6
95.5
96.2
90.9
91.9
91.5
92.6
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.0
96.5
96.7
97.1
91.6
92.1
93.4
94.0
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.5
97.0
97.1
97.5
92.8
93.3
94.2
95.0
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.5
96.9
97.1
97.5
92.6
92.8
93.3
93.9
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.6
97.1
97.1
97.5
92.9
93.2
94.2
94.6

MARCH 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.6
96.3
96.2
96.8
92.4
93.5
92.3
93.2
15 - 24 YRS OLD
91.5
93.0
92.1
93.4
87.9
89.8
86.6
88.3
25 - 54 YRS OLD
95.2
96.0
95.8
96.4
92.1
93.3
92.4
93.3
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.5
97.0
97.2
97.5
91.6
92.9
95.2
95.2
60 - 64 YRS OLD
96.5
97.1
97.4
97.8
92.7
94.2
90.5
90.5
65 - 69 YRS OLD
97.5
97.9
97.9
98.2
95.2
95.9
94.9
95.7
70 - 99 YRS OLD
97.0
97.3
97.2
97.6
95.7
95.9
96.2
96.6

JULY 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.4
96.9
92.2
93.2
92.6
93.4
15-24 YRS OLD
91.5
92.9
92.1
93.2
89.3
91.3
85.5
87.0
25-54 YRS OLD
95.2
95.9
95.8
96.4
91.8
92.8
92.7
93.6
55-59 YRS OLD
96.4
97.0
97.1
97.5
93.2
94.6
95.8
95.8
60-64 YRS OLD
97.4
97.7
97.8
98.1
94.7
94.7
95.2
95.7
65-69 YRS OLD
97.3
97.5
97.7
98.0
93.7
93.7
95.3
95.3
70-99 YRS OLD
97.2
97.7
97.7
98.1
93.5
94.7
93.9
94.6

NOVEMBER 2009
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.9
91.8
92.9
93.0
93.8
15 - 24 YRS OLD
93.1
93.9
93.6
94.4
90.9
91.6
90.4
91.4
25 - 54 YRS OLD
95.2
95.9
95.9
96.5
91.2
92.5
92.9
93.7
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.8
97.2
97.3
97.6
94.2
94.9
95.0
95.2
60 - 64 YRS OLD
97.0
97.5
97.6
98.0
92.7
93.8
95.1
96.3
65 - 69 YRS OLD
96.8
97.3
97.5
97.9
92.8
93.7
93.5
95.3
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.6
97.0
97.0
97.5
93.0
93.4
93.6
94.1
2009 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.8
92.1
93.2
92.6
93.5
15 - 24 YRS OLD
92.0
93.3
92.6
93.7
89.4
90.9
87.5
88.9
25 - 54 YRS OLD
95.2
95.9
95.8
96.4
91.7
92.9
92.6
93.5
55 - 59 YRS OLD
96.6
97.0
97.2
97.5
93.0
94.1
95.3
95.4
60 - 64 YRS OLD
97.0
97.5
97.6
98.0
93.4
94.2
93.6
94.2
65 - 69 YRS OLD
97.2
97.6
97.7
98.0
93.9
94.4
94.6
95.4
70 - 99 YRS OLD
96.9
97.3
97.3
97.7
94.1
94.6
94.6
95.1
47

Table 7

Percentage of Adults with a Telephone by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

NOVEMBER 1983
TOTAL CNP

92.8
94.5
94.1
95.6
82.7
86.6
83.4
86.5

EMPLOYED

94.1
95.9
95.0
96.6
85.7
89.8
86.3
89.6

UNEMPLOYED

82.5
86.5
84.8
88.1
74.6
81.2
76.6
79.9

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.1
93.4
93.8
94.9
80.8
83.7
80.4
83.0
1984 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

92.8
94.5
94.1
95.5
82.9
86.7
83.0
85.6

EMPLOYED

94.0
95.7
95.0
96.4
85.9
89.8
85.7
88.3

UNEMPLOYED

81.7
85.3
84.0
87.0
74.7
80.2
74.0
77.4

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.1
93.5
93.8
95.0
80.7
83.9
80.3
82.8
1985 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

93.0
94.6
94.2
95.6
84.1
87.4
83.5
85.8

EMPLOYED

94.2
95.8
95.0
96.5
87.3
90.4
85.1
87.5

UNEMPLOYED

82.3
85.8
84.2
87.3
76.3
81.1
73.8
76.9

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.2
93.6
93.8
94.9
81.5
84.5
82.6
84.6
1986 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

93.4
94.8
94.6
95.8
84.6
88.1
83.3
85.4

EMPLOYED

94.7
96.1
95.5
96.6
87.7
91.1
85.3
87.4

UNEMPLOYED

82.3
86.0
84.5
87.6
74.8
80.7
75.3
78.2

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.6
93.9
94.1
95.1
82.3
85.4
81.4
83.4
1987 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

93.5
94.9
94.7
95.9
84.7
88.1
84.5
86.4

EMPLOYED

94.6
96.1
95.4
96.7
87.9
91.0
86.3
88.3

UNEMPLOYED

82.7
86.1
85.3
88.2
74.0
79.3
77.0
79.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.7
93.9
94.2
95.2
82.2
85.5
82.5
84.1
1988 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

93.8
95.2
94.9
96.1
85.6
88.7
83.6
86.1

EMPLOYED

94.9
96.2
95.6
96.8
88.5
91.5
85.4
87.7

UNEMPLOYED

83.3
86.8
85.9
88.9
75.4
80.5
76.7
80.3

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

92.8
94.2
94.3
95.5
83.1
86.0
81.5
84.0
1989 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.1
95.5
95.3
96.4
85.8
89.0
84.7
87.0

EMPLOYED

95.2
96.5
96.0
97.1
88.8
91.7
86.6
89.0

UNEMPLOYED

83.9
87.1
86.2
88.8
77.0
82.5
75.1
78.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.1
94.4
94.7
95.7
82.8
85.9
82.6
84.6
1990 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.2
95.5
95.3
96.5
86.1
88.8
84.5
86.6

EMPLOYED

95.3
96.6
96.0
97.2
89.4
91.8
86.3
88.4

UNEMPLOYED

85.0
88.0
87.9
90.4
75.3
80.0
77.0
80.4

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.0
94.3
94.6
95.6
83.2
85.8
82.4
84.1
48

Table 7

Percentage of Adults with a Telephone by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1991 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.3
95.7
95.5
96.6
86.3
89.1
85.5
87.7

EMPLOYED

95.6
96.8
96.3
97.3
89.8
92.4
87.5
89.6

UNEMPLOYED

86.4
89.5
88.3
91.0
78.9
84.1
78.2
81.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.1
94.4
94.7
95.8
82.6
85.3
83.5
85.4
1992 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.7
95.9
95.8
96.8
86.9
89.8
87.8
89.7

EMPLOYED

95.8
97.0
96.5
97.5
90.1
92.8
89.5
91.6

UNEMPLOYED

88.1
90.3
90.0
91.8
81.2
85.0
83.4
85.8

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.6
94.8
95.2
96.1
83.6
86.5
85.8
87.4
1993 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.0
96.1
96.0
97.0
87.5
90.0
88.2
89.9

EMPLOYED

96.1
97.1
96.8
97.6
90.6
92.8
89.7
91.5

UNEMPLOYED

88.6
90.6
90.7
92.3
80.9
84.7
85.0
87.1

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.8
94.9
95.3
96.2
84.5
87.0
86.1
87.6
1994 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.5
95.9
95.6
96.7
87.9
91.0
87.3
89.2

EMPLOYED

95.6
96.8
96.3
97.3
90.4
93.2
88.5
90.4

UNEMPLOYED

87.8
90.8
89.8
92.2
81.1
86.7
84.1
86.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.4
94.8
94.8
95.9
85.4
88.5
85.7
87.6
1995 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.0
96.1
95.9
96.8
89.1
91.4
88.0
89.6

EMPLOYED

95.8
96.7
96.5
97.2
91.2
93.2
88.9
90.4

UNEMPLOYED

88.8
91.7
90.8
93.1
82.3
87.4
84.4
87.2

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.4
94.4
94.8
95.7
84.9
87.3
86.0
87.7
1996 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.9
95.8
95.6
96.4
89.7
91.8
88.4
89.7

EMPLOYED

95.6
96.4
96.2
96.9
91.4
93.0
89.6
90.8

UNEMPLOYED

88.8
91.1
90.1
91.9
85.0
89.5
84.6
86.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.4
94.4
94.5
95.3
86.4
88.8
85.6
87.0
1997 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.9
95.8
95.7
96.5
89.3
91.5
88.6
90.2

EMPLOYED

95.6
96.5
96.2
96.9
91.1
92.9
89.5
91.1

UNEMPLOYED

87.8
90.4
89.7
91.4
81.5
87.1
82.4
84.3

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.5
94.4
94.8
95.5
86.4
88.4
86.9
88.4
1998 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.1
95.9
95.7
96.5
90.4
91.9
89.9
91.3

EMPLOYED

95.6
96.4
96.1
96.8
91.9
93.3
90.4
91.8

UNEMPLOYED

89.3
91.4
91.5
93.2
82.9
85.6
85.4
88.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.9
94.7
94.9
95.6
87.8
89.1
89.0
90.2
49

Table 7

Percentage of Adults with a Telephone by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

1999 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.2
95.9
95.9
96.5
90.3
91.8
91.2
92.1

EMPLOYED

95.8
96.4
96.3
96.9
91.8
93.2
91.5
92.4

UNEMPLOYED

89.6
91.2
91.6
93.0
83.2
85.4
89.1
90.2

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.1
94.7
95.1
95.7
87.7
89.1
90.7
91.6
2000 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.1
95.8
95.7
96.3
91.0
92.1
91.7
92.6

EMPLOYED

95.7
96.4
96.1
96.8
92.6
93.6
91.9
92.8

UNEMPLOYED

90.5
92.2
92.2
93.5
85.6
88.3
89.3
90.8

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.3
94.9
95.1
95.6
89.1
90.0
91.6
92.4
2001 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.6
96.2
96.2
96.8
91.6
92.7
92.4
93.3

EMPLOYED

96.1
96.8
96.5
97.2
93.1
94.0
92.5
93.3

UNEMPLOYED

92.1
93.4
93.1
94.2
88.5
90.9
91.8
92.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.9
95.5
95.7
96.3
89.4
90.6
92.3
93.2
2002 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

96.0
96.8
96.7
97.3
92.0
93.2
92.9
93.8

EMPLOYED

96.7
97.3
97.1
97.7
93.8
94.8
93.2
94.1

UNEMPLOYED

92.1
93.5
93.0
94.3
88.3
90.5
89.8
91.0

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.4
96.1
96.3
96.9
89.7
91.0
92.8
93.6
2003 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.9
96.6
96.5
97.1
92.1
93.1
92.6
93.5

EMPLOYED

96.4
97.1
96.8
97.5
93.6
94.5
93.3
94.1

UNEMPLOYED

92.7
94.0
93.6
94.7
88.8
90.6
89.4
91.0

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.4
95.9
96.2
96.7
90.4
91.4
92.0
92.9
2004 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.7
95.5
95.3
96.1
90.6
91.8
91.8
92.8

EMPLOYED

95.2
96.1
95.7
96.5
92.1
93.3
92.2
93.2

UNEMPLOYED

91.5
93.1
93.3
94.5
86.0
88.5
90.9
92.3

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.1
94.7
94.8
95.4
89.0
90.0
91.2
91.9
2005 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

93.8
94.9
94.5
95.5
89.8
91.3
90.0
91.5

EMPLOYED

94.4
95.5
94.9
95.9
91.0
92.5
90.1
91.5

UNEMPLOYED

90.9
92.5
92.5
93.9
86.5
88.6
88.8
90.3

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.2
94.1
93.9
94.8
88.4
89.7
90.1
91.4
2006 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

94.4
95.3
95.0
95.9
90.5
91.7
90.3
91.7

EMPLOYED

95.0
95.9
95.3
96.3
92.1
93.4
90.6
92.0

UNEMPLOYED

91.0
92.7
92.6
94.0
86.3
88.5
88.5
90.1

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

93.6
94.4
94.5
95.2
88.4
89.5
90.0
91.1
50

Table 7

Percentage of Adults with a Telephone by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

MARCH 2007
TOTAL CNP

95.3
96.0
95.9
96.5
90.8
92.0
92.0
93.2

EMPLOYED

95.9
96.6
96.3
97.0
92.6
93.7
92.2
93.4

UNEMPLOYED

92.0
93.2
93.6
94.5
85.6
87.9
89.5
90.7

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.4
95.1
95.3
95.9
88.8
90.0
91.8
92.9

JULY 2007
TOTAL CNP

95.7
96.4
96.2
96.9
91.9
92.9
92.3
93.5

EMPLOYED

96.1
96.8
96.5
97.1
93.5
94.3
92.2
93.5

UNEMPLOYED

92.8
94.0
93.6
94.6
89.5
91.5
90.3
91.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.1
95.8
96.0
96.6
89.7
90.7
92.9
93.9

NOVEMBER 2007
TOTAL CNP

95.6
96.4
96.2
96.9
91.6
92.8
92.1
93.0

EMPLOYED

96.1
96.9
96.5
97.2
92.9
94.3
92.1
93.1

UNEMPLOYED

93.2
94.4
93.9
94.9
90.2
91.3
90.8
92.1

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.1
95.7
96.0
96.5
89.8
90.8
92.2
93.0
2007 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.5
96.2
96.1
96.8
91.5
92.6
92.1
93.2

EMPLOYED

96.0
96.7
96.4
97.1
93.0
94.1
92.2
93.3

UNEMPLOYED

92.7
93.9
93.7
94.7
88.4
90.2
90.2
91.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.9
95.5
95.8
96.3
89.5
90.5
92.3
93.3

MARCH 2008
TOTAL CNP

95.9
96.4
96.4
96.9
92.3
93.1
92.8
93.6

EMPLOYED

96.5
97.1
96.8
97.4
93.7
94.6
93.1
93.9

UNEMPLOYED

93.2
94.0
93.7
94.5
90.1
90.9
89.8
91.6

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.1
95.6
95.8
96.3
90.4
91.1
92.6
93.2

JULY 2008
TOTAL CNP

96.0
96.6
96.5
97.0
92.4
93.3
92.8
93.7

EMPLOYED

96.4
97.0
96.9
97.4
93.3
94.3
93.1
94.0

UNEMPLOYED

94.3
95.0
94.8
95.5
92.3
93.2
92.8
93.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.3
95.9
96.0
96.5
90.9
91.8
92.1
93.1

NOVEMBER 2008
TOTAL CNP

95.7
96.3
96.3
96.9
92.0
92.9
92.6
93.6

EMPLOYED

96.3
96.9
96.7
97.3
93.6
94.4
93.5
94.3

UNEMPLOYED

93.7
94.5
95.3
95.9
88.2
89.9
90.9
91.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

94.8
95.4
95.6
96.2
90.4
91.2
91.4
92.4
2008 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

95.8
96.4
96.4
96.9
92.3
93.1
92.7
93.6

EMPLOYED

96.4
97.0
96.8
97.3
93.5
94.4
93.2
94.1

UNEMPLOYED

93.7
94.5
94.6
95.3
90.2
91.3
91.2
92.2

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.1
95.6
95.8
96.3
90.6
91.4
92.0
92.9
51

Table 7

Percentage of Adults with a Telephone by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

Unit

Avail

MARCH 2009
TOTAL CNP

96.2
96.7
96.6
97.1
93.4
94.5
93.6
94.4

EMPLOYED

96.6
97.1
96.9
97.4
94.3
95.3
93.4
94.2

UNEMPLOYED

94.9
95.6
95.3
95.9
93.0
94.1
94.1
94.8

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.7
96.3
96.4
96.8
92.3
93.5
93.9
94.7

JULY 2009
TOTAL CNP

96.2
96.7
96.7
97.1
93.4
94.3
93.6
94.3

EMPLOYED

96.7
97.2
97.0
97.4
94.4
95.3
93.5
94.2

UNEMPLOYED

94.6
95.5
95.5
96.1
91.9
93.6
93.7
94.5

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.7
96.2
96.3
96.8
92.2
93.1
93.7
94.5

NOVEMBER 2009
TOTAL CNP

96.2
96.8
96.7
97.2
92.9
94.0
94.0
94.6

EMPLOYED

96.8
97.3
97.1
97.5
94.4
95.4
94.0
94.6

UNEMPLOYED

94.7
95.4
95.5
95.9
90.7
92.4
93.9
94.3

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.5
96.1
96.2
96.8
91.5
92.4
94.1
94.6
2009 ANNUAL AVERAGE
TOTAL CNP

96.2
96.7
96.7
97.1
93.2
94.2
93.7
94.4

EMPLOYED

96.7
97.2
97.0
97.5
94.4
95.4
93.7
94.3

UNEMPLOYED

94.6
95.5
95.5
96.0
91.5
93.2
93.8
94.4

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

95.6
96.2
96.3
96.8
92.0
92.9
93.8
94.5
52

Table 8

Critical Values for Determining Significant Differences by State

In Unit

Available

UNITED STATES

0.7%
0.7%

ALABAMA

6.4%
7.7%

ALASKA

6.0%
7.5%

ARIZONA

6.7%
6.1%

ARKANSAS

5.5%
4.7%

CALIFORNIA

2.4%
2.4%

COLORADO

4.4%
5.0%

CONNECTICUT

4.2%
4.0%

DELAWARE

5.2%
5.7%

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

6.3%
6.3%

FLORIDA

2.8%
2.9%

GEORGIA

5.7%
5.0%

HAWAII

6.2%
6.2%

IDAHO

4.9%
4.6%

ILLINOIS

4.5%
5.1%

INDIANA

5.9%
5.9%

IOWA

4.3%
4.5%

KANSAS

4.9%
5.5%

KENTUCKY

5.5%
6.7%

LOUISIANA

8.5%
7.6%

MAINE

4.4%
4.4%

MARYLAND

4.3%
4.7%

MASSACHUSETTS

5.1%
5.3%

MICHIGAN

4.1%
4.3%

MINNESOTA

4.4%
4.6%

MISSISSIPPI

6.2%
6.5%

MISSOURI

4.4%
4.6%

MONTANA

5.7%
5.9%

NEBRASKA

6.0%
7.2%

NEVADA

4.8%
5.3%

NEW HAMPSHIRE

4.1%
4.0%

NEW JERSEY

4.5%
4.7%

NEW MEXICO

8.5%
9.9%

NEW YORK

3.3%
3.6%

NORTH CAROLINA

4.6%
4.9%

NORTH DAKOTA

5.6%
5.1%

OHIO

3.9%
3.8%

OKLAHOMA

5.5%
5.3%

OREGON

5.1%
4.9%

PENNSYLVANIA

3.4%
3.6%

RHODE ISLAND

5.0%
4.9%

SOUTH CAROLINA

5.1%
6.1%

SOUTH DAKOTA

4.9%
4.9%

TENNESSEE

6.3%
5.4%

TEXAS

3.1%
3.3%

UTAH

5.4%
5.7%

VERMONT

4.8%
5.0%

VIRGINIA

4.4%
4.4%

WASHINGTON

5.6%
7.9%

WEST VIRGINIA

4.9%
5.5%

WISCONSIN

4.7%
4.4%

WYOMING

4.6%
4.4%
53

Table 9

Critical Values for Determining Significant Differences by Income

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

TOTAL

0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.8%
2.2%
2.0%
2.3%
2.4%

UNDER $5,000

8.8%
7.9%
10.5%
9.8%
14.9%
15.2%
21.9%
21.7%
$5,000 - $7,499
8.1%
7.0%
10.1%
9.0%
16.3%
16.2%
19.3%
17.7%
$7,500 - $9,999
8.8%
8.5%
10.2%
10.0%
18.5%
17.6%
23.0%
23.9%
$10,000 - $12,499
7.7%
7.8%
8.4%
8.6%
17.3%
16.0%
19.2%
21.3%
$12,500 - $14,999
7.7%
7.9%
8.9%
9.0%
19.3%
17.4%
18.0%
18.7%
$15,000 - $19,999
6.1%
5.9%
6.7%
6.5%
16.0%
14.1%
15.3%
14.6%
$20,000 - $24,999
5.9%
5.5%
6.4%
6.2%
15.2%
15.2%
15.1%
15.8%
$25,000 - $29,999
6.0%
6.3%
6.5%
6.6%
17.3%
16.5%
13.8%
13.5%
$30,000 - $34,999
5.8%
5.6%
6.3%
6.4%
16.5%
16.7%
14.5%
13.7%
$35,000 - $39,999
5.9%
6.2%
6.4%
6.5%
18.0%
18.2%
16.5%
16.4%
$40,000 - $49,999
4.7%
4.6%
4.9%
4.7%
15.4%
14.6%
14.1%
13.2%
$50,000 - $59,999
5.2%
5.8%
5.6%
6.1%
17.2%
18.6%
17.5%
18.3%
$60,000 - $74,999
4.5%
4.7%
4.9%
5.1%
17.3%
17.2%
16.0%
16.3%
$75,000 - $99,999
4.5%
4.7%
4.7%
4.9%
18.2%
18.3%
18.2%
17.6%
$100,000 - $149,999
5.0%
5.0%
5.2%
5.1%
23.7%
27.5%
22.7%
21.9%
$150,000 +
6.5%
6.6%
6.8%
7.1%
35.5%
34.7%
28.3%
31.3%

Table 10

Critical Values for Determining Significant Differences by Household Size

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

TOTAL

0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.8%
2.2%
2.0%
2.3%
2.4%
1 PERSON
2.6%
2.5%
3.0%
2.8%
7.0%
6.6%
9.4%
10.0%
2 - 3
1.4%
1.4%
1.5%
1.4%
4.8%
4.5%
5.3%
5.5%
4 - 5
2.4%
2.4%
2.6%
2.7%
8.2%
7.9%
5.6%
5.4%
6 +
6.7%
6.3%
7.8%
7.8%
18.9%
15.5%
12.7%
11.5%

Table 11

Critical Values for Determining Significant Differences by Householder's Age

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

TOTAL

0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.8%
2.2%
2.0%
2.3%
2.4%
15-24 YRS OLD
4.9%
5.1%
5.7%
5.8%
11.7%
11.6%
10.8%
10.2%
25-54 YRS OLD
1.0%
1.0%
1.1%
1.1%
3.0%
2.7%
3.1%
2.9%
55-59 YRS OLD
2.9%
2.8%
3.1%
3.2%
10.7%
11.4%
14.5%
14.8%
60-64 YRS OLD
3.3%
3.4%
3.4%
3.6%
13.8%
14.6%
15.8%
18.0%
65-69 YRS OLD
3.6%
3.6%
3.8%
4.0%
14.8%
16.1%
20.0%
21.7%
70-99 YRS OLD
2.0%
1.9%
2.0%
2.1%
8.7%
8.0%
12.4%
11.9%

Table 12

Critical Values for Determining Significant Differences by Labor Force Status

RACE

HISPANIC

TOTAL

WHITE

BLACK

ORIGIN

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

In Unit Available

TOTAL CNP

0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
1.3%
1.2%
1.6%
1.3%

EMPLOYED

0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.9%
2.8%
2.9%
3.2%
3.3%

UNEMPLOYED

5.2%
4.8%
6.2%
5.8%
12.0%
12.0%
20.3%
20.9%

NOT IN LABOR FORCE

1.3%
1.3%
1.4%
1.5%
4.0%
4.3%
5.1%
5.2%
54

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Telephone Subscribership in the United States (Data through November 2009)

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