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KAXT-CD, San Francisco-San Jose, California

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Released: July 11, 2014

Federal Communications Commission

DA 14-984

Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, D.C. 20554

In the Matter of





File No BALDTA-20130211ACT



Facility ID No. 37689





OTA Broadcasting (SFO), LLC





For Consent to Assign the License of Station


KAXT-CD, San Francisco-San Jose, California



Adopted: July 11, 2014

Released: July 11, 2014

By Chief, Video Division, Media Bureau




The Federal Communications Commission (“Commission”), by the Chief, Video

Division, Media Bureau, pursuant to delegated authority, grants the above-captioned application seeking

consent to assign the license for station KAXT-CD, San Francisco-San Jose, California (“Station”) from

KAXT, LLC (“KAXT”) to OTA Broadcasting (SFO), LLC (“OTA”) (collectively, “Applicants”). For the

reasons set forth below, we deny the Petition to Dismiss, Deny, or, in the Alternative, Hold Application in

Abeyance (“Petition”) and the Supplement to the Petition (“Informal Objection”) filed by Ravi Kapur,

Nalini Kapur, and Rishi Kapur (collectively, “Petitioners”).




The Applicants submitted, along with the above-captioned application, an Asset Purchase

Agreement (“APA”), signed by and between OTA and KAXT, executed by Warren L. Trumbly on behalf

of KAXT as LLC Managing Member.1

Trumbly is also a signatory to the Application itself on behalf of

KAXT. The Petitioners filed the Petition, arguing that Trumbly lacked authority to execute the APA and

the Application where no single member of KAXT holds a majority of the entity’s overall membership

interests, and that numerous key facts concerning the ownership and control of KAXT were in dispute.

Petitioners cite to Trumbly’s initiation of an arbitration proceeding seeking declaratory relief that the

execution and delivery of the APA was duly and validly authorized by the managers and members of

1 See File No. BALDTA-20130211ACT, Att. 5. Trumbly and OTA entered into the APA on January 28, 2013.


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DA 14-984

KAXT,2 and argue that this filing constitutes an admission that Trumbly has presented the Commission

with an Application that is not ripe for processing or grant.3


KAXT filed an Opposition to the Petition (“KAXT Opposition”) asserting that the

members of KAXT holding a majority interest properly approved the sale of the Station assets to OTA

and authorized the filing of the Application.4

KAXT points to KAXT’s acquisition of the Station in 2009,

in which Petitioners represented to the Commission that they held 42% of the member interests.5


further argues that the Commission presumes that the execution of a sales contract and filing of the

associated application is authorized by appropriate licensee action; will process and grant such application

absent a clear showing to the contrary; and will not intervene in disputes between private parties.6


OTA filed an Opposition to the Petition (“OTA Opposition”) arguing that the

Commission should follow its settled policies of leaving questions of state law to local tribunals, and of

not delaying action on assignment applications while contractual disputes are resolved elsewhere.7


also contends that under its precedent, the Commission should not defer grant of a complete assignment

application based on a pending private dispute over the signatory’s authority.8


The Petitioners filed a Consolidated Reply to Oppositions (“Reply”), arguing that both

Oppositions are procedurally flawed under the Commission’s rules because they lack declarations by

anyone with personal knowledge of the facts set forth.9

The Reply reiterates the Petition’s arguments, and

contends that the initiation of arbitration undermines KAXT’s assertion that the Application should be

entitled to any presumption that it was authorized by the appropriate licensee action.10


On September 25, 2013, KAXT filed a Supplement to Opposition, attaching the text of

the Arbitrator’s Phase 1 Award, which declared that the APA was duly authorized and validly executed

by KAXT.11

KAXT contends that this decision should resolve all outstanding issues raised in the


On October 22, 2013, the Petitioners filed a Response to the Supplement to Opposition

(“Petitioners’ Response to KAXT Supplement”), responding that the Arbitrator’s Award is merely one

step in an ongoing arbitration process which must run its course before any Commission action would be


The arbitrator issued a Final Arbitration Award on January 22, 2014, incorporating the

Phase 1 Arbitration Award.14

2 See Petition, Att. A, Demand for Arbitration.

3 Petition at 3-7.

4 KAXT Opposition at 1-2.

5 KAXT Opposition at 3 (citing BALTTA-20090820ABO).

6 KAXT Opposition at 2.

7 OTA Opposition at 3-5.

8 OTA Opposition at 5-7.

9 Reply at 2 (citing 47 C.F.R. § 73.3584(c)).

10 Reply at 5.

11 KAXT Supplement to Opposition, Att., Trumbly v. Kapur, Phase 1 Award of Arbitrator, No. 74-140-00012-13

SM, American Arbitration Association at 15-16 (dated Sep. 17, 2013).

12 KAXT Supplement to Opposition at 2.

13 Petitioners’ Response to KAXT Supplement at 2.

14 Trumbly v. Kapur, Final Award, Exh. A, at 7, No. 74-140-00012-13 S1M, American Arbitration Association

(dated Jan. 22, 2014)) (attached to OTA Supplement to Comments on Supplement to Petition, Exh. 1.)



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DA 14-984


On February 24, 2014, Petitioners filed a Supplement to their Petition (“Informal

Objection”) asserting that OTA lacks the necessary character qualifications to purchase the Station. In

support, Petitioners append a letter from OTA’s counsel to Petitioners’ counsel urging the Petitioners to

withdraw the Petition in the wake of the Phase 1 Arbitration Award, in which OTA’s counsel states that

OTA is prepared to pursue all available legal and equitable remedies against the Petitioners, including

tortious interference and malicious prosecution.15

Petitioners allege that under Commission precedent,

such threats warrant the initiation of a hearing into the character qualifications of the threatening party.16

In its response filed on March 17, 2014, OTA cites Commission precedent that broadcast applicants may

enforce their contractual rights by pursuing any and all legal remedies at their disposal.17

On April 24,

2014, OTA filed another pleading to report that a California state court confirmed the arbitrator’s

determination that the APA was validly executed and may be performed in accordance with its terms. On

May 19, 2014, Petitioners responded to these two OTA pleadings, reiterating that it is OTA’s threat to file

a lawsuit unless Petitioners’ pleadings are withdrawn that violates Commission policy and raises

character issues, and asserting that the appeal process for the arbitrator’s award is not closed.18




The Commission applies a two-step analysis when it evaluates a petition to deny under

the public interest standard.19

First, we must determine whether the informal objection contains specific

allegations of fact sufficient to show that granting the application would be prima facie inconsistent with

the public interest.20

The first step “is much like that performed by a trial judge considering a motion for

directed verdict: if all the supporting facts alleged . . . were true, could a reasonable fact finder conclude

that the ultimate fact in dispute had been established.”21

If the specific allegations make a prima facie

case, we next examine and weigh the evidence presented, to determine “whether the totality of the

evidence raises a substantial and material question of fact justifying further inquiry.”22

If no such

question is raised, the Commission will deny the petition and grant the application if it concludes that

such grant otherwise serves the public interest, convenience, and necessity. We find that no substantial

and material question of fact has been raised concerning the application and, therefore, deny the Petition

and Informal Objection.


Authority to Sign


The Commission does not adjudicate private contractual matters.23

Likewise, the

Commission has long attempted to reach a fair accommodation between its exclusive authority over

15 Informal Objection, Att. A, Letter from C. William Phillips, Counsel for OTA, to Randolph Gaw, Counsel for the

Kapurs (dated Feb. 17, 2014).

16 Informal Objection at 1-2, 5 (citing Patrick Henry, Order, 69 FCC 2d 1305 (1978)).

17 OTA Comments on Supplement to Petition (“OTA Informal Objection Comments”) at 2-6 (citing, e.g., Fort

Collins Broadcast Co., Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 38 FCC 2d 707, 711-12 (1972) (“Fort Collins”).

18 Petitioners’ Reply to OTA Comments and OTA Supplement to Comments (filed May 19, 2014) (“Informal

Objection Reply”).

19 47 U.S.C. §309(d)(1), (2); Astroline Communications Co. Ltd. Partnership v. FCC, 857 F.2d 1556, 1561 (D.C.

Cir. 1988).

20 47 U.S.C. §§309(d)(1), 310(d).

21 Gencom, Inc. v. FCC, 832 F.2d 171, 181 (D.C. Cir. 1987).

22 Citizens for Jazz on WRVR v. FCC, 775 F.2d 392, 395 (D.C. Cir. 1985).

23 Arecibo Radio Corp., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 101 FCC 2d 545, 548 (1985); John F. Runner, Receiver,

Memorandum Opinion and Order, 36 RR 2d 773, 778 (1976) (local court of competent jurisdiction, not the FCC, is

the proper forum to resolve private disputes).



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DA 14-984

licensing matters and the authority of state and local courts.24

The Arbitrator’s declaration that the APA

was validly signed and enforceable, which decision has been confirmed by a state court, moots the

Petitioners’ primary allegation.25

Our grant is permissive, and does not mandate that the parties close on

the transaction. We see no reason not to proceed with review of the Application.


Simply initiating the dispute resolution mechanism of arbitration where Trumbly

reasonably anticipated litigation does not constitute a disqualifying expression of self-doubt.26


meets all Commission rules regarding execution, and does not concede or express any doubts about his

authority to sign and file a properly executed application on behalf of KAXT. Accordingly, we find

distinguishable from the proceeding before us both of the two cases that the Petitioner cites in arguing

that it is Commission policy to dismiss without processing an application where a putative assignor is

uncertain of its legal authority.27




The Petitioners’ Supplement, which alleges a character issue months after the close of the

deadline for filing petitions to deny, was untimely filed under section 73.3584 of the Commission’s


We will, therefore, treat it as an informal objection pursuant to Section 73.3587 of the

Commission’s rules.29

Furthermore, we conclude that the Petitioners’ informal objection fails to raise a

substantial and material question of fact sufficient to show that grant of the subject application would be

inconsistent with the public interest. Accordingly, it will be denied.


We agree with OTA that all applicants may enforce their contractual rights by pursuing

all available legal relief without impermissibly infringing upon petitioners’ rights.30

In Fort Collins, the

Commission rejected a similar charge of harassment where a petitioner claimed that a broadcast license

renewal applicant threatened to file suit against the petitioner for defamation if it did not withdraw its


The Commission affirmed that licensees have the right to pursue any legal remedies they may

have at their disposal, and that an applicant’s advising a petitioner that it might file suit does not reflect

adversely on the licensee’s character qualifications.32 That decision did stress that broadcast licensees

should exercise great care and caution in any statements or threats to petitioners that if they file or

24 See, e.g., Listeners’ Guild, Inc. v. FCC, 813 F.2d 465, 469 (D.C. Cir. 1987) (“With ongoing litigation in the state

courts, the Commission reasonably adopted, as it were, a ‘wait and see’ posture.”); S.A. Dawson, Memorandum

Opinion and Order, 17 FCC Rcd. 472, 474 n.15 (WTB 2002).

25 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.743(a) (authorizing an officer, director, or duly authorized employee of a corporation to sign

applications to the Commission on behalf of the corporation); see also 47 C.F.R. § 73.3513(a) (“Applications must

be signed by the following persons: (3) Corporation. An officer, if the applicant is a corporation.”).

26 Moreover, FCC Form 314 requires applicants file in good faith and certify to the truth, completeness, and

accuracy of all applications, and Trumbly duly signed and filed the requisite certification with the Application.

27 Petition at 5-7 (citing Peace Broadcasting Corp., Letter Order, 36 FCC 2d 675 (1972)) (“Peace Broadcasting”)

and Robert L. Hoegle, Letter Order, 27 FCC Rcd. 5036 (IB 2012) (“Hoegle”). In Peace Broadcasting, an escrow

agent who questioned his own authority signed and filed an application as the assignor. In Hoegle, the Commission

dismissed an application that constituted a hostile takeover by Liberty Media of Sirius XM Radio, Inc., where Sirius

would not provide Liberty Media with its passwords, signatures and other information required to file an electronic

transfer of control application.

28 47 C.F.R. § 73.3584.

29 47 C.F.R. § 73.3587.

30 See OTA Comments on Petition Supplement at 2-6.

31 Fort Collins, 38 FCC 2d at 710.

32 Id. at 711-12.



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DA 14-984

maintain their filing, they may be subject to suit.33

However, nothing in the record before us persuades us

that OTA’s correspondence discouraged access to the Commission or participation by the public.




We have reviewed the proposed merger and related pleadings and conclude that grant of

the applications as requested will comply with our rules and Section 310(d) of the Act. We conclude that

the applicants are fully qualified and that grant of the assignment of KAXT-CD from KAXT to OTA will

serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity.




Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED, That the application seeking consent to assign license

KAXT-CD, San Francisco-San Jose, California from KAXT, LLC to OTA Broadcasting (SFO), LLC

(File No. BALDTA-20130211ACT), pursuant to Section 310(d) of the Communications Act of 1934, 47

U.S.C. § 310(d) IS GRANTED.


IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, That the Petition to Dismiss filed by Ravi Kapur, Nalini

Kapur, and Rishi Kapur, IS DENIED.


IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, That the Informal Objection filed by Ravi Kapur, Nalini

Kapur, and Rishi Kapur, IS DENIED.


These actions are taken pursuant to Section 0.61 and 0.283 of the Commission’s rules, 47

C.F.R. §§ 0.61, 0.283, and Sections 4(i) and (j), 303(r), 309, and 310(d) of the Communications Act of

1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. §§ 154(i), 154(j), 303(r), 309, 310(d).


Barbara A. Kreisman

Chief, Video Division

Media Bureau

33 Id. at 712.


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