Traits of an Independent Communications Regulator: a Search for Indicators
International Bureau Working Paper 1 (June 2004) argues that a regulatory agency’s level of independence can be determined by examining its relationships to three groups (1) other government agencies, (2) the industry it regulates, and (3) the consumers it services. This paper responds to a growing international interest in how to organize independent regulatory agencies for communications markets.
While in the past government departments or ministries were often responsible for regulation, since 1990 the number of independent regulatory authorities has grown from 13 to 119. Furthermore, many states have committed to establishing independent regulators as part of their commitments under the World Trade Organization’s Basic Telecommunications Agreement.