Gray Television Licensee, LLC
Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
August 15, 2014
Released: August 15, 2014
Gray Television Licensee, LLC
3501 Farnam Street
Omaha, NE 68131-3356
Facility ID No. 65528
This letter refers to your license renewal application for WOWT(TV), Omaha, Nebraska (the
“Station”)1 and hereby admonishes the Station for its failure to comply with the limits on commercial
matter in children’s programming.
In the Children's Television Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-437, 104 Stat. 996-1000, codified at 47
U.S.C. Sections 303a, 303b and 394, Congress directed the Commission to adopt rules, inter alia, limiting
the amount of commercial matter that commercial television stations may air during children's
programming, and to consider in its review of television license renewals the extent to which the licensee
has complied with such commercial limits. Pursuant to this statutory mandate, the Commission adopted
Section 73.670 of the Rules, 47 C.F.R. § 73.670, which limits the amount of commercial matter which
may be aired during children's programming to 10.5 minutes per hour on weekends and 12 minutes per
hour on weekdays.2
These commercial limitations became effective on January 1, 1992.3
In furtherance of the CTA’s underlying purpose to protect children from excessive and
inappropriate commercial messages, the Commission adopted the website address rules.4
address rules restrict the display of Internet web addresses during children’s programming directed at
1 File No. BRCDT-20140203AFN (“WOWT Renewal”).
2 See Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming, MM Docket Nos. 90-570 and 83-670,
Report and Order, 6 FCC Rcd 2111 (1991), recon. granted in part, Memorandum Opinion and Order, 6 FCC Rcd
3 See Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming, MM Docket Nos. 90-570 and 83-670,
Order, 6 FCC Rcd 5529 (1991).
4 See Children’s Television Obligations of Digital Television Broadcasters, MM Docket No 00-167, Report and
Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 19 FCC Rcd 22943, 22961-62, ¶¶ 50-52 (2004) (“2004 Report
and Order”), aff’d in part, amended in part, Second Order on Reconsideration and Second Report and Order, 21
FCC Rcd 11065, 11077-78, ¶¶ 29-32 (2006) (“2006 Order on Reconsideration”); see also 47 C.F.R. §73.670(b), (c),
children ages 12 and under.5
Specifically, Section 73.670(b) permits the display of Internet website
addresses during program material or promotional material not counted as commercial time only if: (1)
the website offers a substantial amount of bona fide program-related or other noncommercial content; (2)
the website is not primarily intended for commercial purposes, including either e-commerce or
advertising; (3) the website's home page and other menu pages are clearly labeled to distinguish the
noncommercial from the commercial sections; and (4) the page of the website to which viewers are
directed by the website address is not used for e-commerce, advertising, or other commercial purposes
(e.g., contains no links labeled “store” and no links to another page with commercial material).6
On February 3, 2014, you filed the above-referenced license renewal application for the Station.
In response to Section IV, Question 5 of that application, you attached an exhibit which admitted that on
October 12, 2013, the Station aired the URL address for the website “www.lazytown.com,” (last visited
Jul. 2, 2014) which appeared during the closing credits of the NBC Network supplied children’s program
“LazyTown.” You state that NBC Network “inadvertently included a fleeting (one-half second) display”
of the URL. ”7 Even though the website address was shown for only a short duration, the display of a
website address during program material, for any period of time, that does not comply with the four-prong
test is a violation of Section 73.670(b).
No evidence has been provided demonstrating that the website complies with the four-prong test
set forth in Section 73.670(b) and upon examination of the website we conclude that it does not comply.
In particular, the website does not meet the fourth prong of the test because the top of the homepage of
the website contains content of a commercial nature in the form of a link labeled “shop.” Furthermore,
while you state that the website address was only displayed during the closing credits, the Commission
has specifically stated that
closing credits are considered to be part of the television programming
material and are subject to the website address rule.8
We note that while the commercial matter may have been inserted into the program by the
Station’s television network, this does not relieve the Station of responsibility for the violations. In this
regard, the Commission has consistently held that reliance on a program’s source or producer for
compliance with our children's television rules and policies will not excuse or mitigate violations which
Although corrective actions may have been taken to prevent future violations, this does not
relieve the Station from liability for violations which have already occurred.10
5 See 2004 Report and Order, 19 FCC Rcd at 22961, ¶ 50; 47 C.F.R. § 73.670, note 2.
6 See 47 C.F.R. § 73.670(b). In 2006, on reconsideration, the Commission retained the original text of Section
73.670(b) concluding that “the website address rule fairly balances the interest of broadcasters in exploring the
potential uses of the Internet with our mandate to protect children from over-commercialization.” The Commission
went on to clarify that “broadcasters are free to display the addresses of website that do not comply with the [four-
prong] test during allowable commercial time, as long as it is adequately separated from the program material.”
2006 Order on Reconsideration, 21 FCC Rcd at 11078, ¶ 32.
7 WOWT Renewal, Exhibit 22.
8 2006 Order on Reconsideration, 21 FCC Rcd at 11080, ¶ 36.
9 See, e.g., WTXX, Inc., Admonishment Letter, 22 FCC Rcd 11968 (Vid. Div. 2007); Max Television of Syracuse,
L.P., Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, 10 FCC Rcd 8905 (MMB 1995).
10 See International Broadcasting Corp., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 19 FCC 2d 793, 794 (1969) (permitting
mitigation as an excuse based upon corrective action following a violation would “tend to encourage remedial rather
than preventive action”).
Although we consider any violation of our rules limiting the amount of commercial matter in
children’s programming to be significant, the violation described in your license renewal application
appears to have been an isolated occurrence. While we do not rule out more severe sanctions for a similar
violation of this nature in the future, we have determined that an admonition is appropriate at this time.
Therefore, based upon the facts and circumstances before us, we ADMONISH you for the violation of
Section 73.670(b) of the Commission’s rules. We remind you that the Commission expects all
commercial television licensees to comply with the limits on commercial matter, including the display of
website addresses, during children’s programming.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that, a copy of this Letter shall be sent by First Class and
Certified Mail, Return Receipt Requested to the licensee at the address listed above.
Barbara A. Kreisman
Chief, Video Division
Joan Stewart, Esq.
Wiley Rein LLP
1776 K Street, N.W.
Washington D.C. 20006
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