Affiliated Company means a company, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or other business entity that is affiliated with an entity that provides and/or purchases Dedicated Service. Two entities are affiliated if one of them, or an entity that controls one of them, directly or indirectly holds a greater than 10 percent ownership interest in, or controls, the other one.
Best Efforts Business Broadband Internet Access Service means a best efforts Internet access data service with a minimum advertised bandwidth connection of at least 1.5 megabits per second (Mbps) in both directions (upstream/downstream) that is marketed to enterprise customers (including small, medium, and large businesses). For purposes of this data collection, Best Efforts Business Broadband Internet Access Services do not include mobile wireless services, as that term is used in the 16th Annual Mobile Wireless Competition Report.
Circuit-Based Dedicated Service (CBDS) means a Dedicated Service that is circuit-based. Examples of CBDS include time-division multiplexing-based, DS1 and DS3 services.
Competitive Provider means a competitive local exchange carrier (CLEC), interexchange carrier, cable operator, wireless provider or any other entity that is subject to the Commission’s jurisdiction under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and either provides a Dedicated Service or provides a Connection over which a Dedicated Service could be provided. A Competitive Provider does not include an ILEC operating within its incumbent service territory.
Connection means a wired “line” or wireless “channel” that provides a dedicated communication path between a Location and the first Node on a Provider’s network. Multiple dedicated communication paths serving one or more End Users at the same Location should be counted as a single Connection. A Connection may be a UNE, including an Unbundled Copper Loop if modified to provide a Dedicated Service. A Connection must have the capability of being used to provide one or more Dedicated Services; however, a Connection can be used to provide other services as well. For example, a dedicated communication path that is currently being used to provide a mass market broadband service but has the capability to provide a Dedicated Service is considered a Connection for the purpose of this data collection.
Contract-Based Tariff means a Tariff, other than a Tariff Plan, that is based on a service contract entered into between a customer and an ILEC which has obtained permission to offer contract-based tariff services pursuant to 47 C.F.R. § 69.701 et seq. of the Commission’s pricing flexibility rules or a comparable tariffed intrastate service contract between a customer and an ILEC.
Dedicated Service transports data between two or more designated points, e.g., between an End User’s premises and a point-of-presence, between the central office of a local exchange carrier (LEC) and a point-of-presence, or between two End User premises, at a rate of at least 1.5 Mbps in both directions (upstream/downstream) with prescribed performance requirements that include bandwidth-, latency-, or error-rate guarantees or other parameters that define delivery under a Tariff or in a service-level agreement. Dedicated Service includes, but is not limited to, CBDS and PBDS. For the purpose of this data collection, Dedicated Service does not include “best effort” services, e.g., mass market broadband services such as DSL and cable modem broadband access.
Disconnection means the process by which a Provider, per a customer request, terminates billing on one or more of a customer’s Dedicated Service circuits.
DS1 and DS3, except where specified, refer to DS1s and DS3s that are not UNEs. DS1s and DS3s are Dedicated Services.
End User means a business, institutional, or government entity that purchases a communications service for its own purposes and does not resell such service. A mobile wireless service provider is considered an End User when it purchases communications services to make connections within its own network, e.g., backhaul to a cell site.
End User Channel Termination means, as defined in 47 C.F.R. § 69.703(a)(2), a dedicated channel connecting a LEC end office and a customer premises, offered for purposes of carrying special access traffic.
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier (ILEC) means, for the purpose of this data collection, a LEC that provides a Dedicated Service in study areas where it is subject to price cap regulation under sections 61.41-61.49 of the Commission’s rules, 47 C.F.R. §§ 61.41-61.49.
Indefeasible Right of Use (IRU) means an indefeasible long-term leasehold interest for a minimum total duration of ten years that gives the grantee the right to access and exclusively use specified strands of fiber or allocated bandwidth to provide a service as determined by the grantee. An IRU confers on the grantee substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership. IRUs typically include the following elements: (i) payment of a substantial fee up front to enter into the IRU contract; (ii) conveyance of tax obligations commensurate with the risks and rewards of ownership to the grantee (e.g. as opposed to the lesser tax burdens associated with other forms of leases); (iii) terms for payment to the grantor for ancillary services, such as maintenance fees; (iv) all additional rights and interests necessary to enable the IRU to be used by the grantee in the manner agreed to; and (v) no unreasonable limit on the right of the grantee to use the asset as it wishes (e.g., the grantee shall be permitted to splice into the IRU fiber, though such splice points must be mutually agreed upon by grantor and the grantee of the IRU).
Location means a building, other man-made structure, a cell site on a building, a free-standing cell site, or a cell site on some other man-made structure where the End User is connected. A Node is not a Location. For the purposes of this data collection, cell sites are to be treated as Locations and not as Nodes.
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is a geographic area as defined by 47 C.F.R. §§ 22.909(a), 69.703(b).
Node is an aggregation point, a branch point, or a point of interconnection on a Provider’s network, including a point of interconnection to other Provider networks. Examples include LEC central offices, remote terminal locations, splice points (including, for example, at manholes), controlled environmental vaults, cable system headends, cable modem termination system (CMTS) locations, and facility hubs.
Non-MSA is the portion of an ILEC’s study area that falls outside the boundaries of an MSA.
Non-Rate Benefit means a benefit to the customer other than a discount on the One Month Term Only Rate, e.g., a credit towards penalties or non-recurring charges or the ability to move circuits without incurring a penalty.
One Month Term Only Rate means, for purposes of this data collection, the non-discounted monthly recurring tariffed rate for DS1, DS3 and/or PBDS services.
Packet-Based Dedicated Service (PBDS) means a Dedicated Service that is packet-based. Examples of PBDS include Multi-Protocol Label Switched (MPLS) services; permanent virtual circuits, virtual private lines and similar services; ATM and Frame Relay service; (Gigabit) Ethernet Services and Metro Ethernet Virtual Connections; and Virtual Private Networks (VPN). PBDS includes those categories of packet-based and optical transmission services for which the Commission has granted forbearance relief from dominant carrier regulation.
Phase I Pricing Flexibility means regulatory relief for the pricing of End User Channel Terminations pursuant to 47 C.F.R. §§ 69.711(b), 69.727(a) of the Commission’s rules.
Phase II Pricing Flexibility means regulatory relief for the pricing of End User Channel Terminations pursuant to 47 C.F.R. §§ 69.711(c), 69.727(b) of the Commission’s rules.
Prior Purchase-Based Commitment means a type of Volume Commitment where the commitment is based on either: (i) a certain percentage or number of the customer’s purchased in-service circuits or lines as measured at the time of making the Volume Commitment or measured during a period of time prior to making the Volume Commitment, e.g., based on the customer’s billing records for the current month or prior month(s); or (ii) a certain percentage or dollar amount of Revenues generated by the customer’s purchases as measured at the time of making the Volume Commitment or during a period of time prior to making the Volume Commitment.
Providers collectively refers to both ILECs and Competitive Providers.
Purchasers means Competitive Providers and End Users that are subject to the Commission’s jurisdiction under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and that purchased Dedicated Services of $5 million or more in 2013 in areas where the ILEC is subject to price cap regulation.
Revenues means intrastate and interstate billed amounts without any allowance for uncollectibles, commissions or settlements.
Tariff Plan means a Tariff, other than a Contract-Based Tariff, that provides a customer with either a discount from any One Month Term Only Rate for the purchase of DS1 and/or DS3 services or a Non-Rate Benefit that could be applied to these services.
Term Commitment means a commitment to purchase a Dedicated Service for a period of time, greater than a month, in exchange for a circuit-specific discount and/or a Non-Rate Benefit.
Transport Service means a dedicated circuit that connects a designated Competitive Provider’s premises to the wire center that serves the Competitive Provider’s customer. Such an arrangement may or may not include channel mileage. See 47 C.F.R. § 69.709(a).
Transport Provider means a Provider that supplies Transport Service.
Unbundled Copper Loop means a copper wire local loop provided by ILECs to requesting telecommunications carriers on a non-discriminatory basis pursuant to 47 C.F.R. § 51.319(a)(1) that can be used by a Competitive Provider to provide a Dedicated Service, e.g., Ethernet over Copper. An Unbundled Copper Loop is typically a 2- or 4- wire loop that the ILEC has conditioned to remove intervening equipment such as bridge taps, load coils, repeaters, low pass filters, range extenders, etc. between a Location and the serving wire center to allow for the provision of advanced digital services by a Competitive Provider. These loops are commonly referred to as dry copper, bare copper, or xDSL-compatible loops. An Unbundled Copper Loop is a type of UNE.
Unbundled Network Element (UNE) means a local loop provided by an ILEC to a requesting telecommunications carrier on a non-discriminatory basis pursuant to 47 C.F.R. § 51.319(a).
Upgrade means that a customer transitions one or more circuits to a higher capacity circuit.
Volume Commitment means a commitment to purchase a specified volume, e.g., a certain number of circuits or Revenues, to receive a discount on Dedicated Services and/or a Non-Rate Benefit.