||Anonymous Use of SS7 Services or Services Controlled by SS7: Network Operators should have defined policies and process for addition and configuration of SS7 elements to the various tables. Process should include the following: personal verification of the request (e.g., one should not simply go forward on a faxed or emailed request without verifying that it was submitted legitimately), approval process for additions and changes to SS7 configuration tables (screening tables, call tables, trusted hosts, calling card tables, etc.) to ensure unauthorized elements are not introduced into the network. Companies should also avoid global, non-specific rules that would allow unauthorized elements to connect to the network. Screening rules should be provisioned with the greatest practical depth and finest practical granularity in order to minimize the possibility of receiving inappropriate messages. Network operators should log translation changes made to network elements and record the user login associated with each change. These practices do not mitigate against the second threat mentioned below, the insertion of inappropriate data within otherwise legitimate signaling messages. To do so requires the development of new capabilities, not available in today's network elements.