Federal Communications Commission
News Media Information 202 / 418-0500
445 12th St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20554
September 27, 2012
Enforcement Advisory No. 2012-07
FCC ENFORCEMENT ADVISORY
TDWR and U-NII DEVICES
Enforcement Bureau Takes Action to Prevent Interference to
FAA-Operated Terminal Doppler Weather Radars Critical to Flight Safety
The Enforcement Bureau recently took action against several companies for operating devices that caused interference to
Terminal Doppler Weather Radars (TDWRs) maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).1 TDWR systems
operating in the 5600-5650 MHz band are used by the FAA to obtain quantitative measurements for gust fronts, wind
shear, microbursts, and similar information.
Investigations conducted by the FCC, the FAA, and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration
(NTIA) in several areas of the United States and Puerto Rico revealed that much of the interference stems from wireless
devices sharing the same band as TDWR systems, and operating outdoors in the vicinity of airports at high elevations that
are line-of-sight to the TDWR installations and most are operating inconsistent with the FCC Part 15 Rules.2 The
Enforcement Bureau and the FAA continue to investigate additional areas where interference is reported to TDWR
systems, and will continue to take appropriate enforcement action as necessary.
What do the rules require?
Manufacturers, marketers, and users of U-NII devices are hereby cautioned that only devices certified under FCC Part 15, Subpart E
of the Rules may be operated as U-NII devices. For those U-NII devices operating as a master device in the 5.25 GHz – 5.35 GHz
and 5.47 GHz – 5.725 GHz bands, a Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) radar detection mechanism must be enabled
.3 A piece
of equipment is no longer certified as required under the FCC rules if it is installed or configured to defeat DFS, to utilize
1 VPNet, Inc.
, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture and Order, 27 FCC Rcd 2879 (Enf. Bur. 2012); Argos Net, Inc.
, Notice of
Apparent Liability for Forfeiture and Order, 27 FCC Rcd 2786 (Enf. Bur. 2012); Insight Consulting Group of Kansas City, LLC
of Apparent Liability of Forfeiture and Order, 26 FCC Rcd 10699 (Enf. Bur. 2011); Ayustar Corp.,
Notice of Apparent Liability for
Forfeiture and Order, 26 FCC Rcd 10693 (Enf. Bur. 2011); Rapidwave, LLC
, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture and Order,
26 FCC Rcd 10678 (Enf. Bur. 2011); AT&T, Inc.,
Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, 26 FCC Rcd 1894 (Enf. Bur. 2011); Utah Broadband
, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, 26 FCC Rcd 1419 (Enf. Bur. 2011) (forfeiture paid). See also Ayustar
, Memorandum Opinion and Order, 25 FCC Rcd 16,249 (Enf. Bur. 2010); Sling Broadband, LLC
, Forfeiture Order, 26 FCC
Rcd 13062 (Enf. Bur. 2011).
2 47 C.F.R. §§ 15.1 et seq
47 C.F.R. §§ 15.401 – 15.407. See also Memorandum
from Julius Knapp, Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology, FCC,
and P. Michele Ellison, Chief, Enforcement Bureau, FCC, to Manufacturers and Operators of Unlicensed 5 GHz Outdoor
Network Equipment Re: Elimination of Interference to Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) (dated July 27, 2010), available at https://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/weather-radar-interference-enforcement
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antennas other than those certified for the device, or to make other changes that modify the equipment beyond the
configuration that has been certified. Using uncertified U-NII devices, or certified U-NII devices in an unauthorized
manner, violates the FCC Part 15 Rules and may result in interference to radio communications services critical to public
Users are also cautioned that operation of the U-NII device must not cause harmful interference, and if harmful interference occurs,
the operation must cease immediately.
4 Furthermore, federal law prohibits willful or malicious interference to authorized
What Should U-NII Operators Do to Comply?
Users of U-NII devices must ensure certified devices are installed and configured properly. Additionally, if the U-NII
devices are installed and operating within 35 km of a TDWR system, users are required to take special precautions on the
frequency of operation as described in the OET Guidance 443999.6 We caution users of U-NII devices, however, that a
U-NII device must not cause interference to a TDWR system, regardless of the distance between the U-NII device and the
In fact, operators of U-NII devices under FCC Part 15 Rules must not only refrain from causing interference but also must
accept interference from licensed devices such as the TDWR systems. Any user causing interference may be required to
cease operating the U-NII device, even if the device in use was properly certified and configured, and will not be permitted
to resume operation until the condition causing the interference has been corrected.7 Even if they avoid or fix any
interference problems, however, U-NII operators may only operate those devices within authorized frequencies, power
limitations, and other technical requirements.
Finally, the FCC encourages users of U-NII devices near the TDWR systems to register in the voluntary database system
discussed in the Guidance.
What Should Manufacturers and Retailers Do to Comply?
As noted above, manufacturers must ensure that U-NII devices capable of operating in certain bands have a DFS radar
detection mechanism and must not have software configurations that allow users to disable the features.8 We also require
manufacturers of U-NII devices to remind their customers to ensure that the U-NII devices are properly configured and
used in an authorized manner and that they do not cause interference to TDWRs as described in the various guidance
documents. Moreover, retailers must ensure that the equipment they are marketing complies with FCC rules. We will
continue to work with manufacturers and retailers to adopt tools to better educate their customers and other parties
about the rules governing U-NII devices.
What Are the Penalties that Apply?
Violations of the FCC Part 15 Rules may subject the responsible party to enforcement action, including substantial
monetary forfeitures, seizure of the equipment, and criminal sanctions, including imprisonment. Therefore, this advisory
emphasizes the importance of complying strictly with these important legal requirements.
Need more information?
4 See 4
7 C.F.R. § 15.5. Harmful interference is defined as “[a]ny emission, radiation or induction that endangers the functioning
of a radio navigation service or of other safety services or seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts a radio
communications service.” 47 C.F.R. § 15.3(m).
47 U.S.C. § 333.
OET KDB Publication 443999 available at http://apps.fcc.gov/oetcf/kdb/forms/FTSSearchResultPage.cfm?id=41732&switch=P
47 C.F.R. § 15.5.
8 See OET Guidance
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To file a complaint regarding noncompliant U-NII devices, visit http://esupport.fcc.gov/complaints.htm
. For additional
information regarding compliance with and enforcement of the rules governing U-NII devices and TDWR systems
interference, please contact the Enforcement Bureau at (202) 418-7450. For general information on U-NII devices and
TDWR systems, please visit https://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/weather-radar-interference-enforcement
or e-mail TDWRIX@fcc.gov
To request materials in accessible formats for people with disabilities (Braille, large print, electronic files, audio format),
send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
or call the Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau at 202-418-0530 (voice), (202)
418-0432 (TTY). You may also contact the Enforcement Bureau on its TTY line at (202) 418-1148 for further information
about this Enforcement Advisory, or the FCC on its TTY line at 1-888-Tell-FCC (1-888-835-5322) for further information
about the rules governing U-NII devices.
Media inquiries should be directed to William Davenport, William.Davenport@fcc.gov
, (202) 418-1034.
Issued by: Chief, Enforcement Bureau
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