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FCC Releases Data on High-Speed Services for Internet Access

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Released: December 31, 1969



High-Speed Services for Internet Access:

Status as of December 31, 2007









Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
January 2009

















This report is available for reference in the FCC's Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.



High-Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of December 31, 2007


Congress directed the Commission and the states, in section 706 of the Telecommunications Act
of 1996, to encourage deployment of advanced telecommunications capability in the United
States on a reasonable and timely basis.1 To assist in its evaluation of such deployment, the
Commission instituted a formal data collection program (FCC Form 477) to gather standardized
information about subscribership to high-speed services, including advanced services, from
wireline telephone companies, cable system operators, terrestrial wireless service providers,
satellite service providers, and any other facilities-based providers of advanced
telecommunications capability.2

We summarize here information from the seventeenth semi-annual data collection, thereby
presenting a snapshot of subscribership as of December 31, 2007.3 High-speed lines connecting
homes and businesses to the Internet increased by 20% during the second half of 2007, from
101.0 million to 121.2 million lines in service, following a 22% increase, from 82.8 million to
101.0 million lines, during the first half of 2007. For the full twelve-month period ending
December 31, 2007, high-speed lines increased by 46% (or 38.4 million lines). The presence of
high-speed service subscribers was reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, American
Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, and in nearly
100% of the Zip Codes in the United States.

Twice a year, all facilities-based providers of high-speed connections to end users are required to
report to the Commission basic information about their service offerings and types of
customers.4 Prior to June 2005, providers with fewer than 250 high-speed lines (or wireless

1 See 706, Pub.L. 104-104, Title VII, Feb. 8, 1996, 110 Stat. 153, reproduced in the notes under 47 U.S.C. 157.
We use the term "high-speed" to describe services that provide the subscriber with transmissions at a speed in
excess of 200 kilobits per second (kbps) in at least one direction. "Advanced services," which provide the
subscriber with transmission speeds in excess of 200 kbps in each direction, are a subset of high-speed services.
2 Local Competition and Broadband Reporting, CC Docket No. 99-301, Report and Order, 15 FCC Rcd 7717
(2000); Local Telephone Competition and Broadband Reporting, WC Docket No. 04-141, Report and Order, 19
FCC Rcd 22340 (2004). During this data gathering program, qualifying entities file FCC Form 477 each year on
March 1 (reporting data for the preceding December 31) and September 1 (reporting data for June 30 of the same
year). The first data collected by Form 477 were data as of December 31, 1999. An updated Form 477, and
instructions for that particular form, for each specific round of the data collection may be downloaded from the FCC
Forms website at www.fcc.gov/formpage.html.
3 Statistical summaries of the earlier Form 477 data collections appeared in Deployment of Advanced
Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion
, CC Docket No. 98-146,
Second Report, 15 FCC Rcd 20913 (2000) (Second 706 Report), available at www.fcc.gov/broadband/706.html,
and in previous releases of the High-Speed Services for Internet Access report, available at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.
4 The terms "broadband connections" (which is used as a synonym for "high-speed connections" in the Form 477
program) and "facilities-based provider" are defined on the first page of the Form 477 instructions that are available
at www.fcc.gov/formpage.html, and the term "end users" is defined on the third page. Facilities-based providers
report information about high-speed connections they provide directly to their own end-user customers and also
high-speed connections they provide to Internet Service Providers for resale to end users.

1

channels) in service in a particular state were not required to report data for that state.5 Small
providers of high-speed connections, many of whom serve rural areas with relatively small
populations, were therefore underrepresented in the earlier data. Including these providers
resulted in a substantial one-time increase in the number of holding companies and unaffiliated
entities reporting information about high-speed connections from December 31, 2004 to June 30,
2005.6

The data reported for December 31, 2007 include detail about the information transfer rates
("speeds") of the reported connections and a breakdown of high-speed connections by type of
technology.7 The reported data also enable us to estimate, for individual states, the extent to
which Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) high-speed connections provided by incumbent local
exchange carriers (incumbent LECs), and cable modem high-speed service provided by cable
system operators, are available to households residing in the areas these companies serve.

Readers can draw the following broad conclusions from the data summarized in this report:

High-speed lines (or wireless channels) connecting homes and businesses to the Internet at
speeds that exceed 200 kbps in at least one direction increased from 101.0 million lines to
121.2 million lines during the second half of 2007. For the full twelve-month period ending
December 31, 2007, high-speed lines increased by 38.4 million, from 82.8 million lines to
121.2 million lines. See Table 1 and Chart 1.

ADSL lines increased by 1.9 million lines during the second half of 2007, fiber connections
increased by 0.4 million lines, and cable modem service increased by 2.1 million lines. For
the full twelve-month period ending December 31, 2007, ADSL increased by 4.0 million
lines, fiber connections increased by 0.8 million lines, and cable modem service increased by
4.5 million lines. See Table 1.

Of the 121.2 million total high-speed lines, 30.1% were cable modem, 24.3% were ADSL,
0.7% were symmetric DSL (SDSL) or traditional wireline, 1.5% were fiber to the end user
premises, and 43.3% used other technologies.8 See Chart 2.

5 High-speed lines reported in voluntary submissions of data prior to June 2005 represented less than 0.05% of total
reported high-speed lines. As of June 30, 2005, filers with fewer than 250 lines in a state (including some entities
that previously made voluntary submissions) represented about 0.2% of total reported high-speed lines.
6 The nationwide number of holding companies and unaffiliated entities reporting high-speed lines increased from
552 as of December 31, 2004 to 1,270 as of June 30, 2005. See Table 7.
7 Some Internet-access connections that telephone companies, cable system operators, and wireless service
providers offer do not meet the 200 kbps criterion for reporting high-speed connections to the Commission, but may
nevertheless meet the needs of the subscribers who select them over a more expensive service option.
8 Providers are instructed to report a high-speed connection in the (mutually exclusive) technology category that
characterizes the last few feet of distribution plant to the subscriber's premises. In addition to cable modem, ADSL,
SDSL, traditional wireline when used for Internet access, and optical carrier (fiber to the end user) connections,
reporting entities specify satellite, terrestrial fixed wireless (licensed or unlicensed), terrestrial mobile wireless
(licensed or unlicensed), electric power line, or "all other" technology. See additional notes following Chart 10.

2


Lines connecting homes and businesses to the Internet at transmission speeds that exceed
200 kbps in both directions increased from 69.6 million lines to 80.2 million lines during the
second half of 2007. For the full twelve-month period ending December 31, 2007, they
increased by 20.4 million, from 59.8 million lines to 80.2 million lines. See Table 2 and
Chart 3.

Of the 80.2 million lines which were faster than 200 kbps in both directions, 45.1% were
cable modem, 31.5% were ADSL, 1.1% were SDSL or traditional wireline, 2.3% were fiber
to the end user premises, and 20.1% used other technologies. See Chart 4.

Of the 121.2 million total high-speed lines, 74.0 million were designed to serve primarily
residential end users. Cable modem represented 47.8% of these lines while 35.8% were
ADSL, 0.1% were SDSL or traditional wireline connections, 2.3% were fiber to the end user
premises, and 14.0% used other technologies. See Table 3 and Chart 6. For state-specific
data, see Table 13.

Of the 80.2 million lines that were faster than 200 kbps in both directions, 69.1 million lines
were designed to serve primarily residential end users. Of these, cable modem represented
50.7% while 32.6% were ADSL, 0.1% were SDSL or traditional wireline, 2.4% were fiber to
the end user premises, and 14.1% used other technologies. See Table 4 and Chart 8.

Of the 80.2 million reported high-speed lines that were faster than 200 kbps in both
directions as of December 31, 2007, 56.4% were at least 2.5 mbps in the faster direction and
43.5% were slower than 2.5 mbps in the faster direction. See Table 5.

Incumbent LECs or their affiliates reported 97.1% of ADSL connections, 90.9% of fiber-to-
the-premises connections, 81.5% of the mobile service subscribers whose wireless device is
capable of operating on a high-speed mobile wireless network, and 34.2% of traditional
wireline connections. When all technologies are considered, incumbent LECs reported
59.6% of total high-speed connections. See Table 6.

High-speed lines were reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa,
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. See Table 9 and, for
historical data, Tables 10 - 12.

As a nationwide average, we estimate that high-speed DSL connections were available to
82% of the households to whom incumbent LECs could provide local telephone service, and
that high-speed cable modem service was available to 96% of the households to whom cable
system operators could provide cable TV service. See Table 14.


3

The Commission's data collection program requires providers to list the Zip Codes in which
the provider has at least one high-speed connection in service to an end user, and over 99%
of Zip Codes were listed by at least one provider.9 The most widely reported technologies by
this measure were high-speed mobile wireless (with at least some presence reported in 94%
of Zip Codes), satellite (in 93% of Zip Codes), ADSL (in 87% of Zip Codes), and cable
modem service (in 66% of Zip Codes). ADSL and/or cable modem connections were
reported to be present in 91% of Zip Codes.10 See Tables 15 and 16. For state-specific data,
see Table 17.

Our analysis indicates that more than 99% of the country's population lives in the more than
99% of Zip Codes where a provider reports having at least one high-speed service subscriber.
Moreover, numerous competing providers report serving high-speed subscribers in the major
population centers of the country. See the map that follows Table 16.

High population density has a positive association with reports that high-speed subscribers
are present, and low population density has an inverse association. For example, high-speed
subscribers were reported to be present in more than 99% of the most densely populated Zip
Codes and in 90% of Zip Codes with the lowest population densities.11 See Table 18.

High median household income also has a positive association with reports that high-speed
subscribers are present. In the top one-tenth of Zip Codes ranked by median household
income, high-speed subscribers are reported in 99% of Zip Codes. By contrast, high-speed
subscribers are reported in 92% of Zip Codes with the lowest median household income. See
Table 19.

As other information from the Commission's data collection program (FCC Form 477) becomes
available, it will be included in future reports on the deployment of advanced
telecommunications capability and in publications such as this one. Note that, on June 12, 2008,
the Commission adopted a Report and Order (FCC 08-89) and Order on Reconsideration (FCC
08-148) that together revise the Form 477 reporting requirements.12 The changes will become

9 Lists of Zip Codes with number of service providers as reported in the FCC Form 477 filings are made available
at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats in a format that honors requests for nondisclosure of information the reporting entities
assert is competitively sensitive.
10 The 91.0% figure includes Zip Codes with either ADSL subscribers reported, cable modem subscribers reported,
or both. In 61.0% of Zip Codes, both ADSL and cable modem subscribers have been reported. In 25.6% of Zip
Codes, there are ADSL subscribers reported but no cable modem subscribers, and in 4.4% of Zip Codes there are
cable modem subscribers reported but no ADSL subscribers reported.
11 For this comparison, we consider the most densely populated Zip Codes to be those with more than 3,147
persons per square mile (the top decile of Zip Codes) and the least densely populated Zip Codes to be those with
fewer than 6 persons per square mile (the bottom decile).
12 Development of Nationwide Broadband Data to Evaluate Reasonable and Timely Deployment of Advanced
Services to All Americans, Improvement of Wireless Broadband Subscribership Data, and Development of Data on
Interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Subscribership, WC Docket No. 07-38, Report and Order, 23
FCC Rcd 9691 (2008); Order on Reconsideration, 23 FCC Rcd 9800 (2008).

4

effective upon review and approval by the Office of Management and Budget.

We invite users of this information to provide suggestions for improved data collection and
analysis by:

Using the attached customer response form,
E-mailing comments to James.Eisner@fcc.gov or Suzanne.Mendez@fcc.gov,
Calling the Industry Analysis and Technology Division of the Wireline Competition Bureau
at (202) 418-0940, or
Participating in any formal proceedings undertaken by the Commission to solicit comments
for improvement of FCC Form 477.

5

Table 1

High-Speed Lines 1

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Technology 2

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

ADSL
1,977,101
3,947,808
6,471,716
9,509,442
13,817,280
19,515,483
22,584,255
25,412,883 27,561,867 29,451,719
SDSL and Traditional Wireline
1,021,291
1,078,597
1,216,208
1,305,070
1,468,566
878,973
948,134
1,030,698
1,071,996
886,269
SDSL
-
-
-
-
-
368,782
337,412
344,759
319,987
293,974
Traditional Wireline
-
-
-
-
-
510,191
610,722
685,939
752,009
592,295
Cable Modem
3,582,874
7,059,598 11,369,087 16,446,322
21,357,400
26,558,206
29,174,494
31,981,705 34,404,368 36,497,284
Fiber 3
63,206
91,921
108,541
116,390
159,653
448,257
685,823
1,035,677
1,403,729
1,850,695
Satellite and Wireless
112,405
212,610
276,067
367,118
549,621
3,812,029
11,872,998
23,344,106 36,560,869 52,474,070
Satellite
-
-
-
-
-
426,928
495,365
571,980
668,803
791,142
Fixed Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
257,431
361,113
484,377
586,813
705,014
Mobile Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
3,127,670
11,016,520
22,287,749 35,305,253 50,977,914
Power Line and Other
-
-
-
-
-
4,571
5,208
4,776
5,420
5,274
Total Lines
6,756,877 12,390,534 19,441,619 27,744,342
37,352,520
51,217,519
65,270,912
82,809,845 101,008,249 121,165,311
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file.
Some historical data have been revised. See additional notes following Chart 10.

Chart 1

Total High-Speed Lines

130,000,000
120,000,000
110,000,000
100,000,000

90,000,000
80,000,000
70,000,000
60,000,000
50,000,000



40,000,000
30,000,000
20,000,000
10,000,000

0

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Chart 2

High-Speed Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

ADSL

24.3%

All Other

43.3%

SDSL and Traditional

Wireline

0.7%

Fiber

Cable Modem

1.5%
30.1%

Table 2

Advanced Services Lines 1

(Over 200 kbps in both directions)
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Technology 2

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

ADSL
675,366 1,369,143
2,178,394
3,037,474
5,695,548 15,921,336 18,310,957
21,144,159 23,426,407 25,244,128
SDSL and Traditional Wireline
1,021,291 1,078,597
1,216,208
1,305,070
1,468,566
874,261
946,874
1,029,782 1,071,280
886,188
SDSL
-
-
-
-
-
368,736
336,586
344,739
319,348
293,974
Traditional Wireline
-
-
-
-
-
505,525
610,288
685,043
751,932
592,214
Cable Modem
2,193,609 4,394,778
8,342,234 15,327,247 20,891,624 26,293,596 28,878,587
31,594,111 33,935,733 36,155,563
Fiber 3
63,200
84,206
108,192
115,633
157,127
447,235
684,729
1,034,317 1,401,641
1,847,181
Satellite and Wireless
26,906
75,341
65,929
73,222
106,616
338,635
2,275,154
4,982,675 9,801,378 16,094,910
Satellite
-
-
-
-
-
36,331
27,489
36,026
57,202
73,747
Fixed Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
220,268
333,209
455,741
554,316
673,951
Mobile Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
82,036
1,914,456
4,490,908 9,189,860 15,347,212
Power Line and Other
-
-
-
-
-
4,501
5,209
4,776
5,420
5,274
Total Lines
3,980,372 7,002,065
11,910,957 19,858,646 28,319,482
43,879,564
51,101,510
59,789,820 69,641,859 80,233,244
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file.
Some historical data have been revised. See additional notes following Chart 10.

Chart 3

Advanced Services Lines

Total High-Speed Lines

90,000,000
80,000,000
70,000,000
60,000,000
50,000,000
40,000,000
30,000,000
20,000,000
10,000,000

0

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Chart 4

Advanced Services Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

All Other

20.1%

ADSL

31.5%

Fiber

2.3%

SDSL and Traditional

Wireline

Cable Modem

1.1%
45.1%

Table 3

Residential High-Speed Lines 1

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
2003
2004
2005
2007

Technology 2

2000
2001
2002
2006

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

ADSL
1,594,879
3,615,989
5,529,241
8,909,027
13,119,326
17,370,508
20,152,290
22,768,500 24,731,180 26,477,656
SDSL and Traditional Wireline
176,520
139,660
213,489
289,764
419,215
129,444
112,017
117,708
117,522
99,953
SDSL
-
-
-
-
-
122,220
102,605
105,012
105,029
82,659
Traditional Wireline
-
-
-
-
-
7,224
9,412
12,696
12,493
17,294
Cable Modem
3,294,546
7,050,709
11,342,512
16,416,364
21,270,158
25,714,461
28,365,648
31,118,079 33,336,493 35,332,613
Fiber 3
1,994
4,139
14,692
19,830
34,959
213,479
442,027
763,394
1,153,058
1,684,136
Satellite and Wireless
102,432
194,897
256,978
341,864
422,623
532,391
1,840,060
3,572,231
6,598,757 10,376,966
Satellite
-
-
-
-
-
320,142
382,047
455,936
530,357
626,466
Fixed Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
203,179
301,293
424,374
523,180
642,641
Mobile Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
9,071
1,156,720
2,691,921
5,545,220
9,107,859
Power Line and Other
-
-
-
-
-
4,550
5,093
4,711
5,347
5,159
Total Lines
5,170,371 11,005,396 17,356,912 25,976,850
35,266,281
43,964,834
50,917,135
58,344,623 65,942,357 73,976,483
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file.
Small business lines were included in totals through December 2004.
Some historical data have been revised. See additional notes following Chart 10.

Chart 5

Residential High-Speed Lines

80,000,000
70,000,000
60,000,000
50,000,000
40,000,000
30,000,000
20,000,000
10,000,000
0

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Chart 6

Residential High-Speed Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

All Other

14.0%

ADSL

35.8%

Fiber

2.3%

SDSL and Traditional

Wireline

Cable Modem

0.1%
47.8%

Table 4

Residential Advanced Services Lines 1

(Over 200 kbps in both directions)
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Technology 2

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

ADSL
393,246
1,243,996
1,827,547
2,437,059
5,026,367
14,242,291 16,416,522
18,878,873 20,875,941 22,555,758
SDSL and Traditional Wireline
176,520
139,660
213,489
289,764
419,215
125,116
111,935
117,652
116,966
99,925
SDSL
-
-
-
-
-
122,220
102,580
105,002
104,517
82,659
Traditional Wireline
-
-
-
-
-
2,895
9,355
12,650
12,449
17,266
Cable Modem
2,177,328
4,388,967
8,322,157
15,297,289
20,811,704
25,533,423 28,121,912
30,770,517 32,916,212 35,026,467
Fiber 3
1,992
3,523
14,408
19,074
33,189
212,862
441,128
762,083 1,151,109
1,681,895
Satellite and Wireless
17,043
58,113
47,903
51,944
84,465
204,703
1,449,299
3,114,987 6,074,880
9,770,874
Satellite
-
-
-
-
-
25,117
15,055
23,334
35,319
47,743
Fixed Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
170,515
277,524
399,732
494,341
615,272
Mobile Wireless
-
-
-
-
-
9,071
1,156,720
2,691,921 5,545,220
9,107,859
Power Line and Other
-
-
-
-
-
4,481
5,093
4,711
5,347
5,159
Total Lines
2,766,130
5,834,258 10,425,505 18,095,131 26,374,940 40,322,876 46,545,889
53,648,823 61,140,455 69,140,078
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file.
Small business lines were included in totals through December 2004.
Some historical data have been revised. See additional notes following Chart 10.

Chart 7

Residential Advanced Services Lines

80,000,000
70,000,000
60,000,000
50,000,000
40,000,000
30,000,000
20,000,000
10,000,000
0

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

Dec.

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Chart 8

Residential Advanced Services Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

All

Other

14.1%

ADSL

32.6%

Fiber

2.4%

SDSL and Traditional

Wireline

Cable Modem

0.1%
50.7%

Table 5

High-Speed Lines by Information Transfer Rates 1

As of December 31, 2007

Exceeding 200 kbps in both directions, and:

Exceeding

200 kbps in

Greater than Greater than

Greater than Greater than

Technology 2

only one
or equal to or equal to Greater than
200 kbps and or equal to 2.5
direction
10 mbps and 25 mbps and
or equal to
less than 2.5 mbps and less less than 25
less than 100 mbps in
mbps in the than 10 mbps mbps in the 100 mbps in the faster
faster
in the faster
faster
the faster
direction
direction
direction
direction
direction
ADSL
4,207,591
14,023,169
11,192,006
24,613
*
*
SDSL
0
292,566
1,251
*
*
0
Traditional Wireline
81
536,571
32,241
7,680
8,051
7,671
Cable Modem
341,721
3,879,526
28,315,879
*
*
0
Fiber
3,514
139,420
812,666
866,994
14,448
13,653
Satellite
717,395
*
*
0
0
0
Fixed Wireless
31,063
636,396
36,836
473
*
*
Mobile Wireless
35,630,702
*
0
*
0
0
Power Line and Other
0
*
*
0
*
0
Total Lines
40,932,067
34,930,315
40,394,418
4,765,239
121,870
21,412
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.



See notes following Chart 10.


Chart 9

Lines by Information Transfer Rates in the Faster Directions as of December 31, 2007

(Includes only lines exceeding 200 kbps in both directions)
6.1%
43.5%
> 200 kbps, < 2.5 mbps
2.5 mbps, < 10 mbps
10 mbps

50.3%


Table 6

High-Speed Lines by Type of Provider as of December 31, 2007 1

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Lines

Percent of Lines

Technology 2

Other

Non-

Other

Non-

RBOC 4

Total

RBOC 4

ILEC

ILEC 5

ILEC

ILEC 5

ADSL
23,511,357
5,072,800
867,562 29,451,719
79.8 %
17.2 %
2.9 %
SDSL
*
*
205,423
293,974
*
*
69.9
Traditional Wireline
182,876
19,630
389,789
592,295
30.9
3.3
65.8
Cable Modem
*
* 36,401,489 36,497,284
*
*
99.7
Fiber
1,616,587
64,827
169,281
1,850,695
87.4
3.5
9.1
Satellite
0
0
791,142
791,142
0.0
0.0
100.0
Fixed Wireless
*
*
679,952
705,014
*
*
96.4
Mobile Wireless
*
*
9,436,498 50,977,914
*
*
18.5
Power Line and Other
0
0
5,274
5,274
0.0
0.0
100.0
Total Lines
66,858,578
5,360,323 48,946,410 121,165,311
55.2 %
4.4 %
40.4 %

* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
See notes following Chart 10.

Chart 10

Share of High-Speed Lines by Type of Provider as of December 31, 2007

RBOC

55.2%

Non-ILEC

40.4%

Other ILEC

4.4%


Notes for Tables 1 - 6 and Charts 1 - 10.

Advanced services lines, residential high-speed lines, and residential advanced services lines are
estimated based on data reported on FCC Form 477. Therefore, figures may not add to totals due to
rounding.
1 High-speed lines are connections to end-user locations that deliver services at speeds exceeding 200
kbps in at least one direction. Advanced services lines, which are a subset of high-speed lines, are
connections that deliver services at speeds exceeding 200 kbps in both directions. In Tables 2 and 4, we
enumerate those reported high-speed lines that also qualify as advanced services lines. More detailed
information about connection speeds is presented in Table 5. Line counts presented in this report are
not adjusted for the number of persons at a single end-user location who have access to, or who use, the
Internet-access services that are delivered over the high-speed connection to that location.
2 The mutually exclusive types of technology are, respectively: Asymmetric digital subscriber line
(ADSL) technologies, which provide speeds in one direction greater than speeds in the other direction;
symmetric digital subscriber line (SDSL) technologies; traditional wireline technologies when used to
provide equivalent Internet access functionality, including Ethernet service if delivered to the
subscriber's location over copper (as opposed to optical fiber) plant; cable modem, including the typical
hybrid fiber-coax (HFC) architecture of upgraded cable TV systems; optical fiber to the subscriber's
premises (e.g., Fiber-to-the-Home, or FTTH); satellite and fixed and mobile terrestrial wireless systems,
which use radio spectrum to communicate with a radio transmitter; electric power line; and other.
3 Fiber lines included electric power line through December 2004.
4 RBOC lines include lines owned by AT&T, Qwest and Verizon, and their affiliates.
5 High-speed lines reported by non-ILEC affiliates of RBOCs are reported in the column for RBOC
lines and are excluded from the column for non-ILEC lines. Lines reported by non-ILEC affiliates of
ILECs other than the RBOCs are reported in the column for non-ILEC lines.


Table 7

Nationwide Number of Providers of High-Speed Lines by Technology

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

ADSL

Cable Modem

All Other 1

Total

Dec 1999
28
43
65
105
Jun 2000
47
36
75
116
Dec 2000
68
39
87
136
Jun 2001
86
47
98
160
Dec 2001
117
59
122
203
Jun 2002
142
68
138
237
Dec 2002
178
87
169
299
Jun 2003
235
98
217
378
Dec 2003
274
110
246
432
Jun 2004
298
129
281
485
Dec 2004
352
147
312
552
Jun 2005
758
227
779
1,270
Dec 2005
820
242
835
1,347
Jun 2006
833
254
814
1,326
Dec 2006
857
279
880
1,394
Jun 2007
861
282
872
1,371
Dec 2007
854
290
901
1,393
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file. Some
historical data have been revised.
1 All other includes SDSL, traditional wireline, fiber, satellite, fixed and mobile wireless, and power line.

Chart 11

Historical Number of Reporting Providers of High-Speed Lines by Technology

1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

June

Dec.

1999
2000
2000
2001
2001
2002
2002
2003
2003
2004
2004
2005
2005
2006
2006
2007
2007

ADSL

Cable Modem

Total



Table 8

Providers of High-Speed Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Traditional

Cable Fixed

Mobile

Power

Line

Total

State

ADSL

SDSL

Fiber

Satellite

Wireline

Modem

Wireless

Wireless

and Other (Unduplicated)
Alabama
32
9
19
20
11
*
6
4
*
73
Alaska
10
5
5
*
*
*
7
*
0
20
American Samoa
*
*
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
25
8
15
9
11
*
13
5
0
55
Arkansas
22
7
9
10
6
*
5
4
0
47
California
28
16
35
17
16
*
22
*
0
84
Colorado
29
13
18
12
10
*
17
7
0
67
Connecticut
9
8
12
6
6
*
0
4
0
30
Delaware
9
6
15
*
*
*
0
*
0
29
District of Columbia
13
8
15
*
5
*
*
*
0
30
Florida
30
14
34
15
20
*
11
4
*
78
Georgia
41
14
24
26
23
*
8
4
0
84
Guam
*
0
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
*
Hawaii
*
*
5
*
4
*
*
*
0
14
Idaho
24
8
13
7
12
*
14
4
0
49
Illinois
61
21
38
18
11
*
39
4
*
126
Indiana
43
12
26
13
19
*
28
*
*
89
Iowa
130
40
26
35
28
*
54
6
0
192
Kansas
40
15
14
26
18
*
24
4
0
82
Kentucky
31
10
14
19
11
*
13
4
0
73
Louisiana
21
8
15
10
11
*
6
5
*
50
Maine
15
10
11
4
6
*
*
*
0
29
Maryland
15
10
17
12
7
*
*
*
0
44
Massachusetts
16
11
22
7
7
*
*
*
0
46
Michigan
43
12
25
13
14
*
20
5
*
82
Minnesota
70
24
20
13
25
*
16
*
0
101
Mississippi
20
4
16
13
8
*
*
5
0
51
Missouri
45
21
19
17
12
4
26
4
*
95
Montana
17
7
9
4
7
*
10
*
0
36
Nebraska
35
14
13
15
4
*
22
4
0
68
Nevada
17
10
15
*
6
*
7
4
0
37
New Hampshire
19
9
14
5
5
*
*
*
0
37
New Jersey
21
14
32
7
9
*
*
*
0
51
New Mexico
22
8
9
6
4
*
6
4
0
39
New York
44
16
32
12
13
*
8
4
0
80
North Carolina
32
19
22
14
11
*
8
5
0
69
North Dakota
23
15
10
7
10
*
11
*
0
41
Northern Mariana Islands
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Ohio
44
18
27
19
19
*
16
4
*
88
Oklahoma
40
8
21
10
9
*
16
4
0
74
Oregon
40
8
14
9
13
*
12
*
0
62
Pennsylvania
45
19
33
19
16
*
9
4
0
80
Puerto Rico
*
0
6
*
*
*
4
*
0
14
Rhode Island
10
6
11
*
5
*
0
*
0
23
South Carolina
24
7
19
14
11
*
4
4
0
46
South Dakota
24
9
10
7
11
4
9
*
0
44
Tennessee
29
13
16
12
10
*
6
5
0
68
Texas
65
22
35
26
21
*
48
6
0
138
Utah
14
10
11
*
8
*
10
5
0
39
Vermont
13
5
10
*
4
*
*
*
0
26
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
6
Virginia
26
11
26
14
13
*
12
4
*
67
Washington
30
10
23
14
18
*
21
*
*
72
West Virginia
13
4
10
7
*
*
4
*
0
32
Wisconsin
55
14
16
12
12
*
21
4
*
87
Wyoming
13
6
7
*
5
*
8
4
0
33
Nationwide
854
233
250
290
275
5
511
20
7
1,393
* Indicates one to three providers.


Table 9

High-Speed Lines by Technology as of December 31, 2007

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Traditional

Cable Fixed

Mobile

Power

Line

State

ADSL

SDSL

Fiber

Satellite

Total

Wireline

Modem

Wireless

Wireless

and Other
Alabama
402,603
4,687
7,276
398,840
4,670
*
1,025
*
*
1,353,724
Alaska
67,386
7,555
472
*
*
*
9,683
*
0
171,257
American Samoa
*
*
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
*
Arizona
436,857
1,970
12,217
896,746
2,407
*
18,594
*
0
2,578,548
Arkansas
248,908
270
2,552
209,163
1,037
*
1,014
*
0
653,977
California
4,780,051
32,058
87,833
3,603,105
189,924
*
69,274
*
0
17,158,292
Colorado
573,387
2,662
16,787
604,247
2,539
*
25,186
*
0
2,269,027
Connecticut
*
3,120
4,896
550,019
2,385
*
0
*
0
1,837,729
Delaware
*
192
3,121
*
*
*
0
*
0
438,935
District of Columbia
*
2,142
2,900
*
918
*
*
*
0
420,251
Florida
2,046,084
7,681
56,426
2,543,384
168,491
*
39,328
*
*
7,415,862
Georgia
1,307,237
6,389
28,631
862,212
5,788
*
699
*
0
3,737,640
Guam
*
0
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
*
Hawaii
*
*
803
*
445
*
*
*
0
584,101
Idaho
142,440
379
1,617
123,067
972
*
40,949
*
0
613,110
Illinois
1,381,374
14,102
21,891
1,570,281
4,769
*
24,661
*
*
5,083,949
Indiana
635,507
3,932
8,931
439,417
41,861
*
11,965
*
*
2,267,037
Iowa
298,322
4,477
1,865
287,011
6,992
*
14,707
*
0
990,838
Kansas
235,919
4,558
5,782
366,557
4,202
*
16,327
*
0
987,350
Kentucky
367,452
4,860
4,864
434,900
2,895
*
3,094
*
0
1,161,667
Louisiana
333,076
1,289
4,990
485,349
19,031
*
2,516
*
*
1,286,450
Maine
117,393
3,595
5,061
179,398
2,980
*
*
*
0
396,074
Maryland
513,529
8,898
17,133
864,763
*
*
*
*
0
2,535,585
Massachusetts
*
5,803
17,457
1,135,807
*
*
*
*
0
3,140,383
Michigan
732,950
4,164
13,331
1,265,384
2,412
*
9,510
*
*
3,557,139
Minnesota
496,317
16,178
7,014
607,269
9,570
*
30,282
*
0
1,960,710
Mississippi
202,262
168
2,267
166,092
781
*
*
*
0
489,413
Missouri
682,572
5,727
11,367
497,878
3,569
*
8,157
*
*
1,865,899
Montana
103,798
2,974
884
83,006
443
*
8,234
*
0
433,903
Nebraska
135,305
3,707
1,021
251,699
565
*
11,929
*
0
633,593
Nevada
220,409
3,710
5,340
*
916
*
13,303
*
0
1,159,167
New Hampshire
99,602
2,222
5,300
239,605
*
*
*
*
0
637,954
New Jersey
734,903
4,798
21,009
1,538,490
*
*
*
*
0
4,923,248
New Mexico
200,497
360
1,946
126,692
874
*
2,729
*
0
661,684
New York
1,184,011
20,364
32,794
3,341,913
*
*
3,832
*
0
8,096,486
North Carolina
820,334
3,398
18,351
1,195,757
7,606
*
*
*
0
3,484,666
North Dakota
55,635
3,269
347
79,755
7,213
*
5,319
*
0
292,054
Northern Mariana Isl.
*
0
*
*
*
0
*
0
0
*
Ohio
1,024,412
4,415
14,368
1,498,317
7,349
*
19,417
*
*
4,612,073
Oklahoma
324,322
1,394
3,917
372,867
2,817
*
4,125
*
0
971,862
Oregon
355,563
12,644
5,946
531,258
*
*
25,988
*
0
1,566,567
Pennsylvania
1,191,348
17,049
21,628
1,398,950
*
*
8,369
*
0
5,148,613
Puerto Rico
*
0
1,151
*
*
*
5,027
*
0
470,663
Rhode Island
*
1,025
1,772
*
*
*
0
*
0
490,634
South Carolina
359,439
328
10,657
496,188
10,685
*
104
*
0
1,586,036
South Dakota
48,750
4,313
200
111,009
6,385
*
5,175
*
0
185,017
Tennessee
499,164
834
11,097
702,891
20,742
*
3,809
*
0
2,518,783
Texas
2,463,911
13,168
42,540
2,183,062
210,468
*
88,520
*
0
8,336,432
Utah
269,785
6,088
4,087
*
2,307
*
23,387
*
0
996,589
Vermont
72,006
*
2,336
*
457
*
*
*
0
240,251
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
0
0
*
*
*
0
18,996
Virginia
568,284
4,258
16,580
921,438
151,030
*
11,884
*
*
3,279,536
Washington
592,133
9,884
10,347
909,108
27,525
*
67,236
*
*
3,114,392
West Virginia
137,948
*
3,271
158,921
*
*
1,046
*
0
336,283
Wisconsin
528,196
14,626
7,640
675,737
5,325
*
11,640
*
*
1,729,165
Wyoming
52,602
1,729
157
*
338
*
3,742
*
0
260,191
Nationwide
29,451,719
293,974
592,295
36,497,284
1,850,695
791,142
705,014
50,977,914
5,274
121,165,311
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Table 10

High-Speed Lines by State

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

State

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
138,979 227,888 352,215 410,054 531,350
615,510
898,850
1,118,302
1,353,724
Alaska
50,277 55,975 71,778 110,416 109,484
125,005
145,008
156,187
171,257
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
248,172 367,322 532,161 745,957
1,039,445
1,392,711
1,832,564
2,192,644
2,578,548
Arkansas
66,377 100,089 157,959 220,051 302,881
363,933
431,530
529,530
653,977
California
1,971,228 2,960,664 4,084,382 5,294,566 7,337,217
9,395,265
11,894,864
14,458,874
17,158,292
Colorado
171,992 292,697 418,866 615,101 882,669
1,165,853
1,489,091
1,827,962
2,269,027
Connecticut
188,164 304,338 440,480 598,582 807,796
1,024,053
1,262,569
1,547,949
1,837,729
Delaware
25,955 50,380 68,210 91,975 132,399
157,648
273,734
353,763
438,935
District of Columbia
32,521 52,873 76,275 101,638 139,594
200,221
268,008
337,897
420,251
Florida
893,473 1,388,166 1,966,835 2,659,862 3,537,720
4,408,427
5,346,321
6,349,093
7,415,862
Georgia
402,259 635,776 906,217
1,205,282
1,610,750
2,054,171
2,547,165
3,087,975
3,737,640
Guam
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
* * * * *
294,612
417,674
486,337
584,101
Idaho
18,445 54,963 80,455 126,121 167,926
202,521
381,283
483,049
613,110
Illinois
395,843 704,780 1,056,170 1,497,803 2,159,932
2,666,304
3,538,857
4,310,744
5,083,949
Indiana
120,794 202,760 415,603 637,696 922,569
1,191,752
1,417,112
1,812,488
2,267,037
Iowa
82,024 121,053 191,464 266,794 394,359
446,187
657,102
826,217
990,838
Kansas
125,685 193,212 284,467 386,747 470,287
595,979
728,569
870,843
987,350
Kentucky
67,870 99,265 243,005 360,903 508,198
629,538
774,736
959,771
1,161,667
Louisiana
164,760 262,093 368,528 486,077 508,009
730,203
892,835
1,088,803
1,286,450
Maine
49,220 72,683 98,768 142,246 214,599
248,440
306,006
358,986
396,074
Maryland
250,580 380,538 565,857 782,757
1,120,826
1,492,484
1,813,960
2,172,522
2,535,585
Massachusetts
489,429 661,471 900,025
1,122,230
1,431,925
1,811,845
2,243,742
2,660,501
3,140,383
Michigan
427,110 633,490 840,855
1,088,090
1,557,918
1,917,892
2,430,869
2,969,105
3,557,139
Minnesota
195,327 330,635 480,122 645,505 855,752
1,057,576
1,312,900
1,579,346
1,960,710
Mississippi
35,203 80,452 115,973 168,393 219,552
262,671
332,307
399,571
489,413
Missouri
178,469 256,492 433,714 584,743 811,837
1,016,732
1,275,123
1,566,595
1,865,899
Montana
13,037 20,090 39,240 72,880 112,662
139,946
264,121
346,230
433,903
Nebraska
71,451 117,219 173,524 216,780 305,120
355,013
470,118
537,693
633,593
Nevada
109,300 158,508 246,714 343,111 474,019
614,151
792,950
1,060,542
1,159,167
New Hampshire
70,735 102,057 148,574 215,168 268,128
302,957
443,207
539,686
637,954
New Jersey
553,308 798,410 1,061,722 1,423,698 1,989,803
2,654,674
3,392,607
4,153,343
4,923,248
New Mexico
31,507 57,430 91,066 145,125 204,054
252,361
422,964
544,706
661,684
New York
1,109,662 1,623,989 2,152,711 2,688,731 3,660,500
4,854,803
5,669,523
6,800,348
8,096,486
North Carolina
357,380 593,609 841,572
1,119,805
1,482,930
1,914,822
2,366,079
2,893,582
3,484,666
North Dakota
6,082 20,024 31,571 47,957 96,314
108,476
131,348
144,994
292,054
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
432,338 705,739 972,686
1,340,976
1,932,269
2,461,379
3,200,543
3,960,289
4,612,073
Oklahoma
111,918 193,123 282,596 387,456 502,984
569,398
657,940
781,549
971,862
Oregon
156,147 273,433 378,226 508,068 688,487
860,385
1,060,386
1,285,947
1,566,567
Pennsylvania
361,383 616,407 954,083
1,386,259
1,999,118
2,646,898
3,374,313
4,121,608
5,148,613
Puerto Rico
* 22,732 31,100 61,554 118,268
169,917
251,163
332,671
470,663
Rhode Island
63,284 88,701 121,027 164,034 221,901
276,141
349,994
416,053
490,634
South Carolina
135,165 222,980 310,906 415,844 549,019
646,344
1,041,762
1,308,281
1,586,036
South Dakota
9,585 18,060 28,557 40,286 124,243
138,621
154,738
164,627
185,017
Tennessee
236,514 368,242 470,092 628,846 847,025
1,153,432
1,574,022
2,036,625
2,518,783
Texas
806,853 1,312,096 1,883,228 2,551,963 3,467,504
4,357,437
5,554,547
6,863,269
8,336,432
Utah
71,804 120,313 161,283 236,287 313,854
471,137
638,618
818,665
996,589
Vermont
21,795 32,814 44,724 72,400 95,901
108,622
170,245
193,151
240,251
Virgin
Islands

* * * *
2,967
7,226
11,139
16,014
18,996
Virginia
281,793 450,389 702,245 981,832
1,367,465
1,792,817
2,197,693
2,689,907
3,279,536
Washington
335,667 485,063 672,247 889,368
1,219,631
1,575,375
2,015,564
2,481,537
3,114,392
West Virginia
32,848 78,980 100,937 155,397 205,984
245,669
268,746
306,449
336,283
Wisconsin
181,915 335,593 488,155 649,091 859,114
1,034,646
1,253,335
1,491,887
1,729,165
Wyoming
7,856 14,696 24,818 45,602 70,574
83,086
156,940
205,711
260,191


Nationwide
12,390,534 19,441,619 27,744,342 37,352,520 51,217,519

65,270,912
82,809,845
101,008,249
121,165,311
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Some historical data have been revised.


Table 11

ADSL High-Speed Lines by State

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

State

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
34,785
56,860
112,274
135,282
220,657
268,970
314,640
356,830
402,603
Alaska
7,975
14,295
17,184
33,690
43,249
53,687
60,055
63,708
67,386
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
53,489
72,324
87,263
136,260
207,727
276,261
365,228
405,724
436,857
Arkansas
22,240
35,594
60,435
100,987
149,878
180,883
200,129
226,842
248,908
California
928,345 1,485,309 2,065,780 2,700,380
3,592,220
4,001,529
4,342,556
4,582,000
4,780,051
Colorado
70,615
113,040
155,137
248,285
333,313
404,989
473,148
529,504
573,387
Connecticut
41,261
100,722
167,439
244,509
*
*
*
*
*
Delaware
*
*
*
16,490
*
*
*
*
*
District of Columbia
*
35,466
44,440
51,127
*
*
*
*
*
Florida
306,015
521,623
786,275 1,110,846
1,509,104
1,722,888
1,873,271
1,960,025
2,046,084
Georgia
172,556
305,004
452,567
636,170
890,128
1,008,705
1,126,082
1,218,885
1,307,237
Guam
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Idaho
13,643
17,930
24,503
48,500
81,520
97,662
113,001
129,188
142,440
Illinois
110,448
300,497
466,052
707,771
979,709
1,094,088
1,211,763
1,299,358
1,381,374
Indiana
22,385
63,463
129,341
239,454
379,465
443,473
515,054
566,103
635,507
Iowa
13,193
29,161
48,226
88,707
150,890
189,178
233,039
270,222
298,322
Kansas
23,564
39,315
68,044
112,063
159,996
179,430
202,751
217,231
235,919
Kentucky
43,191
55,254
94,126
148,963
213,131
250,715
303,296
340,350
367,452
Louisiana
58,019
86,359
116,047
163,021
207,488
235,750
270,811
306,283
333,076
Maine
*
8,432
17,785
41,000
72,709
89,964
104,780
115,138
117,393
Maryland
79,997
115,687
152,906
249,379
379,316
450,019
489,553
512,156
513,529
Massachusetts
125,630
181,426
230,333
302,537
*
*
*
*
*
Michigan
52,505
111,182
175,202
299,861
463,373
533,835
606,616
668,725
732,950
Minnesota
67,527
98,316
134,914
188,181
276,439
330,736
394,686
449,452
496,317
Mississippi
*
*
41,740
71,993
105,874
128,585
154,179
180,281
202,262
Missouri
68,186
114,861
182,119
282,904
398,671
468,334
545,679
618,302
682,572
Montana
4,272
6,549
19,417
36,183
57,300
70,471
82,876
95,790
103,798
Nebraska
13,637
16,117
25,599
46,283
81,188
95,404
112,032
124,126
135,305
Nevada
17,598
36,662
61,014
93,145
139,938
168,086
190,202
207,051
220,409
New Hampshire
9,618
14,630
23,555
42,835
71,689
85,247
93,589
98,283
99,602
New Jersey
151,829
197,615
251,754
372,949
540,382
638,293
703,950
734,700
734,903
New Mexico
*
22,607
36,546
68,359
105,210
130,998
156,620
179,856
200,497
New York
285,814
391,686
497,071
641,321
861,452
1,002,972
1,103,960
1,181,851
1,184,011
North Carolina
65,582
124,031
210,958
340,520
488,533
561,102
648,001
724,936
820,334
North Dakota
4,849
8,826
14,034
23,874
32,000
38,729
46,346
51,096
55,635
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
112,527
205,140
303,969
455,336
663,011
752,633
858,846
945,096
1,024,412
Oklahoma
39,978
65,378
106,031
158,490
222,048
246,899
277,282
301,523
324,322
Oregon
57,899
82,555
117,253
171,861
244,694
280,286
311,604
338,765
355,563
Pennsylvania
136,829
200,501
284,870
436,503
692,079
871,164
1,012,845
1,125,794
1,191,348
Puerto Rico
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
South Carolina
18,686
38,293
77,599
128,042
205,529
242,548
284,892
322,858
359,439
South Dakota
2,869
6,308
11,635
18,357
26,168
32,763
39,684
45,772
48,750
Tennessee
42,571
74,034
116,785
193,879
293,915
348,344
396,928
446,551
499,164
Texas
300,752
486,833
772,697 1,104,776
1,513,639
1,733,423
1,997,483
2,180,136
2,463,911
Utah
33,306
57,025
76,466
113,033
160,313
189,240
222,307
249,683
269,785
Vermont
*
12,062
18,646
28,524
43,934
51,382
61,441
68,041
72,006
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
65,298
96,805
144,584
254,355
384,243
446,448
505,285
547,941
568,284
Washington
140,273
200,189
262,149
338,321
427,451
491,409
533,668
569,397
592,133
West Virginia
*
*
*
39,566
69,390
86,507
104,637
123,645
137,948
Wisconsin
28,233
64,521
120,236
202,882
298,111
359,530
417,510
473,795
528,196
Wyoming
*
*
8,467
20,402
33,030
38,541
44,347
49,933
52,602
Nationwide
3,947,808 6,471,716 9,509,442 13,817,280 19,515,483
22,584,255
25,412,883
27,561,867
29,451,719
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Some historical data have been revised.


Table 12

Coaxial Cable High-Speed Lines by State

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

State

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
83,933
144,259
207,397
233,004
285,177
310,548
342,340
374,029
398,840
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
151,916
251,373
396,960
549,613
679,284
761,419
838,455
850,307
896,746
Arkansas
*
*
86,441
106,055
137,105
148,940
183,503
205,349
209,163
California
786,789 1,179,204 1,706,217 2,213,138
2,734,659
2,956,932
3,155,718
3,410,983
3,603,105
Colorado
*
*
231,075
332,927
433,184
476,463
523,159
560,557
604,247
Connecticut
137,003
192,155
260,415
341,146
403,723
441,092
454,348
513,211
550,019
Delaware
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
District of Columbia
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Florida
486,977
741,426 1,050,062 1,384,059
1,757,875
1,939,409
2,178,484
2,344,445
2,543,384
Georgia
156,142
243,142
361,127
468,027
583,884
649,583
742,552
802,047
862,212
Guam
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
Hawaii
0
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Idaho
*
*
*
*
73,528
75,185
108,595
116,273
123,067
Illinois
204,202
316,169
494,110
691,214
955,518
1,042,272
1,332,023
1,465,869
1,570,281
Indiana
78,837
114,237
257,023
364,887
445,420
490,020
370,200
410,438
439,417
Iowa
63,788
83,994
131,073
163,293
219,803
225,190
234,266
267,712
287,011
Kansas
94,047
142,563
199,369
246,185
272,660
316,866
320,638
351,371
366,557
Kentucky
*
22,113
124,535
183,726
269,274
306,487
333,339
383,593
434,900
Louisiana
88,851
*
227,047
291,857
254,819
378,613
419,735
446,485
485,349
Maine
*
*
*
95,182
132,075
145,831
152,291
169,458
179,398
Maryland
143,174
241,264
385,408
501,144
592,283
637,405
781,120
829,473
864,763
Massachusetts
339,244
453,473
638,441
778,595
885,578
954,812
1,044,333
1,088,170
1,135,807
Michigan
329,697
472,405
611,131
733,511
953,786
1,019,338
1,103,040
1,197,105
1,265,384
Minnesota
113,900
212,126
317,853
404,135
493,783
518,063
541,116
570,874
607,269
Mississippi
12,998
40,276
61,163
80,210
104,363
114,140
135,965
151,539
166,092
Missouri
89,370
117,403
221,917
264,917
353,331
400,808
444,118
473,449
497,878
Montana
*
*
*
29,278
45,442
54,056
65,238
74,246
83,006
Nebraska
49,939
92,261
130,319
155,796
200,600
218,335
239,465
238,019
251,699
Nevada
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
New Hampshire
*
*
118,456
165,188
188,212
201,873
209,781
229,855
239,605
New Jersey
375,362
578,337
781,898 1,015,944
1,205,182
1,312,433
1,385,953
1,473,709
1,538,490
New Mexico
*
*
47,721
68,143
89,003
100,157
108,906
117,336
126,692
New York
780,473 1,185,233 1,597,556 1,976,663
2,444,565
2,765,476
2,967,028
3,164,178
3,341,913
North Carolina
239,107
406,024
559,276
691,904
861,990
963,651
1,040,513
1,134,075
1,195,757
North Dakota
*
*
13,030
17,307
54,772
57,722
70,878
76,353
79,755
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
Ohio
264,031
435,404
597,442
804,712
1,064,948
1,184,924
1,303,470
1,405,899
1,498,317
Oklahoma
*
*
*
*
261,585
284,184
312,500
347,813
372,867
Oregon
*
165,343
233,737
301,586
375,351
407,195
452,517
489,902
531,258
Pennsylvania
190,915
376,611
621,381
885,925
1,074,912
1,164,080
1,255,720
1,271,157
1,398,950
Puerto Rico
0
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Rhode Island
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
South Carolina
96,559
159,944
209,889
252,646
326,370
368,338
417,584
459,110
496,188
South Dakota
*
7,916
11,042
14,103
88,812
92,860
100,155
100,903
111,009
Tennessee
158,120
252,596
308,630
386,258
460,235
506,143
601,889
662,520
702,891
Texas
427,324
740,469 1,019,623 1,320,225
1,617,513
1,692,433
1,944,069
2,081,963
2,183,062
Utah
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Vermont
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Virginia
182,591
320,154
517,924
681,914
817,100
892,955
877,235
906,252
921,438
Washington
*
246,627
367,321
498,934
660,159
725,832
806,126
862,049
909,108
West Virginia
*
65,542
78,018
108,585
128,133
145,450
144,569
155,867
158,921
Wisconsin
*
243,043
334,394
408,512
497,262
542,881
591,981
636,675
675,737
Wyoming
*
*
*
*
*
*
* *
*
Nationwide
7,059,598 11,369,087 16,446,322 21,357,400
26,558,206
29,174,494
31,981,705
34,404,368
36,497,284
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
Some historical data have been revised.


Table 13

High-Speed Lines by Type of End User as of December 31, 2007

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

State

Residential

Business

Total

Alabama
808,291
545,433
1,353,724
Alaska
148,121
23,136
171,257
American Samoa
*
*
*
Arizona
1,451,169
1,127,379
2,578,548
Arkansas
532,171
121,806
653,977
California
9,843,965
7,314,327
17,158,292
Colorado
1,330,093
938,934
2,269,027
Connecticut
1,064,363
773,366
1,837,729
Delaware
223,672
215,263
438,935
District of Columbia
181,016
239,235
420,251
Florida
5,097,432
2,318,430
7,415,862
Georgia
2,296,983
1,440,657
3,737,640
Guam
*
*
*
Hawaii
338,668
245,433
584,101
Idaho
314,069
299,041
613,110
Illinois
3,274,074
1,809,875
5,083,949
Indiana
1,206,274
1,060,763
2,267,037
Iowa
581,263
409,575
990,838
Kansas
680,270
307,080
987,350
Kentucky
843,641
318,026
1,161,667
Louisiana
931,017
355,433
1,286,450
Maine
288,491
107,583
396,074
Maryland
1,672,064
863,521
2,535,585
Massachusetts
1,852,275
1,288,108
3,140,383
Michigan
2,160,962
1,396,177
3,557,139
Minnesota
1,210,079
750,631
1,960,710
Mississippi
384,772
104,641
489,413
Missouri
1,366,311
499,588
1,865,899
Montana
185,251
248,652
433,903
Nebraska
406,674
226,919
633,593
Nevada
730,495
428,672
1,159,167
New Hampshire
354,559
283,395
637,954
New Jersey
2,562,919
2,360,329
4,923,248
New Mexico
343,568
318,116
661,684
New York
5,059,401
3,037,085
8,096,486
North Carolina
2,081,708
1,402,958
3,484,666
North Dakota
137,207
154,847
292,054
Northern Mariana Islands
*
*
*
Ohio
2,634,429
1,977,644
4,612,073
Oklahoma
815,765
156,097
971,862
Oregon
1,006,057
560,510
1,566,567
Pennsylvania
2,852,177
2,296,436
5,148,613
Puerto Rico
413,322
57,341
470,663
Rhode Island
282,557
208,077
490,634
South Carolina
844,013
742,023
1,586,036
South Dakota
160,821
24,196
185,017
Tennessee
1,263,139
1,255,644
2,518,783
Texas
5,819,303
2,517,129
8,336,432
Utah
502,786
493,803
996,589
Vermont
133,503
106,748
240,251
Virgin Islands
16,977
2,019
18,996
Virginia
1,790,773
1,488,763
3,279,536
Washington
1,783,479
1,330,913
3,114,392
West Virginia
297,852
38,431
336,283
Wisconsin
1,285,065
444,100
1,729,165
Wyoming
109,748
150,443
260,191
Nationwide
73,976,483
47,188,828
121,165,311
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.


Table 14

Percentage of Residential End-User Premises with Access to High-Speed Services as of December 31, 2007

xDSL Availability Where ILECs

Cable Modem Availability Where Cable

State

Can Provide Telephone Service

Systems Can Provide Cable TV Service

Alabama
77%
92%
Alaska
77%
*
American Samoa
*
0%
Arizona
83%
99%
Arkansas
75%
73%
California
90%
99%
Colorado
88%
96%
Connecticut
*
100%
Delaware
*
*
District of Columbia
*
*
Florida
89%
97%
Georgia
92%
90%
Guam
*
0%
Hawaii
*
*
Idaho
80%
99%
Illinois
85%
98%
Indiana
80%
92%
Iowa
85%
90%
Kansas
83%
91%
Kentucky
86%
91%
Louisiana
81%
96%
Maine
69%
93%
Maryland
75%
99%
Massachusetts
*
100%
Michigan
71%
98%
Minnesota
86%
96%
Mississippi
72%
91%
Missouri
79%
97%
Montana
78%
88%
Nebraska
86%
93%
Nevada
89%
*
New Hampshire
62%
98%
New Jersey
86%
96%
New Mexico
82%
77%
New York
76%
99%
North Carolina
85%
96%
North Dakota
88%
82%
Northern Mariana Isl.
*
0%
Ohio
84%
98%
Oklahoma
80%
91%
Oregon
82%
95%
Pennsylvania
83%
93%
Puerto Rico
*
*
Rhode Island
*
*
South Carolina
82%
92%
South Dakota
80%
80%
Tennessee
82%
96%
Texas
80%
96%
Utah
87%
*
Vermont
69%
*
Virgin Islands
*
0%
Virginia
65%
97%
Washington
82%
98%
West Virginia
74%
84%
Wisconsin
81%
96%
Wyoming
81%
*
Nationwide
82%
96%
* Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
xDSL includes both asymmetric and symmetric DSL. Each state-specific estimate is a weighted average of the availability percentages that ILECs or
cable system operators report for the areas they serve. Reported xDSL availability is weighted by ILEC end-user switched access lines. Reported cable
modem availability is weighted by cable TV subscribers. The weighted averages include ILECs or cable system operators that report no availability.


Table 15

Percentage of Zip Codes with High-Speed Lines in Service

Number of

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Providers

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Zero
26.8 %
22.2 % 20.6 %
16.1 % 12.0 %
9.0 %
6.8 %
5.7 %
4.6 %
2.0 %
1.0 %
0.7 %
0.4 %
0.1 %
0.2 %
One
22.7
20.3
19.3
18.4
17.3
16.4
14.9
13.8
12.5
9.3
5.6
3.7
2.4
0.9
1.3
Two
18.4
16.7
15.7
16.2
16.8
16.9
17.1
16.8
16.3
14.1
11.9
8.2
5.7
3.6
3.8
Three
10.9
13.2
13.1
13.3
14.4
14.0
14.9
14.9
15.1
15.0
14.8
11.3
8.9
7.0
6.7
Four
6.1
8.2
9.1
9.6
10.3
10.6
11.2
11.6
12.2
12.6
13.5
12.9
11.4
11.1
10.3
Five
4.0
4.9
6.1
6.9
7.3
7.7
7.8
8.4
8.9
9.7
10.3
12.2
12.5
13.6
12.8
Six
3.0
3.6
4.2
4.6
5.0
5.3
5.8
6.1
6.3
6.8
7.8
10.4
11.7
13.0
13.4
Seven
2.3
2.8
3.2
3.2
3.9
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
5.3
5.7
8.7
10.0
11.6
11.2
Eight
2.0
2.2
2.5
2.8
2.7
3.1
3.3
3.6
3.6
4.0
4.6
7.1
8.3
9.1
9.0
Nine
1.6
1.9
2.0
2.4
2.2
2.5
2.6
2.8
3.1
3.8
4.0
5.8
6.7
7.4
7.4
Ten or More
2.4
3.9
4.0
6.4
8.0
10.5
11.4
11.8
12.8
17.5
20.7
19.1
22.0
22.7
23.8
For data through December 2004, only those providers with at least 250 lines per state were required to file. Figures may not add up to 100% due to rounding.






Chart 12

Percent of Zip Codes with High-Speed Providers

100%
1
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
. 199
. 200
. 200
. 200
. 200
. 200
. 200
. 200
. 200
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
One or More Providers
Four or More Providers


Table 16

Percentage of Zip Codes with High-Speed Lines in Service by Technology as of December 31, 2007



Number of Providers

Technology

Ten or

Zero

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six Seven

Eight

Nine


More

ADSL
13.4
37.5
20.4
10.9
7.2
5.0
2.8
1.5
0.9
0.3
0.2
SDSL
60.9
20.0
7.0
5.0
3.7
2.0
0.9
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
Cable Modem
34.2
56.5
8.6
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fiber
63.2
19.4
10.6
4.6
1.6
0.5
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Satellite
7.0
22.4
50.1
20.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Fixed Wireless
74.0
20.0
4.9
1.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Mobile Wireless
6.0
27.5
31.8
29.6
4.9
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Power Line and/or Other 1
85.1
12.0
2.6
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ADSL and/or Cable Modem
9.0
23.7
21.6
15.9
10.4
7.3
5.2
3.3
1.8
1.1
0.7
All Technologies
0.2
1.3
3.8
6.7
10.3
12.8
13.4
11.2
9.0
7.4
23.8
Figures may not add up to 100% due to rounding.
1 Other includes high-speed lines provided over traditional wireline facilities such as T-carrier and also lines provided over any technology that is not
specified in the table.




Table 17

Percentage of Zip Codes with High-Speed Lines in Service as of December 31, 2007

(Over 200 kbps in at least one direction)

Number of Providers


Ten or

Zero

One Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

More

Alabama
0 %
1 %
1 %
3 %
7 %
12 %
15 %
15 %
12 %
10 %
24 %
Alaska
0
15
35
22
15
6
1
1
4
0
0
Arizona
0
0
1
1
6
9
10
10
6
10
46
Arkansas
0
2
8
10
18
21
15
10
5
7
3
California
0
0
3
5
10
9
8
7
7
8
43
Colorado
0
0
2
4
7
8
9
10
12
8
40
Connecticut
0
0
0
3
7
14
17
14
13
9
25
Delaware
0
0
2
2
3
12
21
9
17
5
29
District of Columbia
0
0
0
4
4
0
4
0
0
0
88
Florida
0
0
0
0
1
4
7
9
9
11
58
Georgia
0
0
1
3
6
12
14
13
9
7
33
Hawaii
0
1
4
9
16
18
16
10
17
9
1
Idaho
0
1
4
10
10
16
18
9
10
6
17
Illinois
0
2
4
9
12
15
12
9
8
7
21
Indiana
0
1
3
5
11
15
14
13
10
9
18
Iowa
0
1
3
8
12
15
17
13
10
8
14
Kansas
0
1
6
10
12
13
13
10
9
9
17
Kentucky
4
10
10
13
11
14
12
8
7
3
8
Louisiana
0
1
1
3
8
15
22
12
7
7
24
Maine
2
3
8
11
18
14
16
12
7
4
5
Maryland
0
0
2
5
8
16
13
10
7
5
34
Massachusetts
0
0
0
2
3
11
16
14
11
9
33
Michigan
0
0
0
2
6
10
15
16
12
9
28
Minnesota
0
3
8
12
14
13
12
9
7
4
18
Mississippi
0
0
1
3
11
18
16
12
9
7
22
Missouri
0
2
5
10
13
16
15
10
8
7
14
Montana
0
2
6
19
27
16
10
4
7
3
6
Nebraska
0
1
4
9
17
16
20
12
8
5
8
Nevada
0
0
1
5
13
12
12
10
5
12
31
New Hampshire
0
0
0
2
4
15
24
20
13
8
13
New Jersey
0
0
0
1
2
4
8
9
11
12
52
New Mexico
0
2
3
10
15
21
16
10
5
5
14
New York
0
0
2
5
10
12
13
12
9
7
29
North Carolina
0
0
1
2
4
11
17
17
13
9
25
North Dakota
0
2
19
27
23
15
6
2
3
1
2
Ohio
0
0
0
1
2
8
16
17
16
12
28
Oklahoma
0
1
6
10
18
16
11
8
11
8
11
Oregon
0
2
4
13
16
13
10
9
6
4
22
Pennsylvania
1
2
7
8
11
14
12
10
7
6
22
Puerto Rico
0
0
0
2
2
7
21
34
21
13
1
Rhode Island
0
0
1
1
8
8
12
15
15
15
24
South Carolina
0
0
1
3
7
10
16
12
11
12
28
South Dakota
0
3
16
24
19
14
9
6
3
1
4
Tennessee
0
1
2
6
10
15
15
11
8
7
24
Texas
0
0
1
4
7
10
12
13
12
10
29
Utah
0
1
4
3
14
15
10
10
5
5
32
Vermont
0
0
3
9
19
17
19
14
9
5
4
Virginia
0
1
2
6
12
15
16
14
7
5
22
Washington
0
0
4
6
10
12
10
10
7
8
33
West Virginia
1
6
13
17
20
15
13
6
3
4
2
Wisconsin
0
1
1
5
8
20
19
14
8
6
18
Wyoming
0
0
1
7
14
15
20
13
9
4
16
Nationwide
0 %
1 %
4 %
7 %
10 %
13 %
13 %
11 %
9 %
7 %
24 %


Table 18

High-Speed Subscribership

Ranked by Population Density

Percentage of Zip Codes with at Least One High-Speed Subscriber

Percentage of Population that Resides in Zip Codes with High-Speed Service

Persons per Square

Mile 1

Dec 2001

Dec 2002

Dec 2003

Dec 2004

Dec 2005

Dec 2006

Dec 2007

Dec 2001

Dec 2002

Dec 2003

Dec 2004

Dec 2005

Dec 2006

Dec 2007

More Than 3,147
98.1 %
98.7 %
98.9 %
99.1 %
99.2 %
99.5 %
99.6 %
99.8 %
100.0 %
100.0 %
100.0 %
99.9 %
99.9 %
99.9 %
947-3,147
97.3
98.2
98.5
98.7
99.3
99.7
99.7
99.7
100.0
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
268-947
95.8
97.9
98.8
99.1
99.3
99.5
99.6
99.5
99.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
118-268
93.3
96.7
97.9
98.2
99.2
99.3
99.2
99.1
99.7
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.9
67-118
89.3
95.0
97.5
98.0
98.8
99.0
98.9
97.1
99.1
99.7
99.7
99.8
99.8
99.7
41-67
83.3
91.5
96.0
97.5
98.8
99.1
99.3
94.4
97.8
99.0
99.3
99.5
99.5
99.6
25-41
73.1
87.6
92.6
95.5
98.1
98.6
98.7
87.6
95.6
97.7
98.5
99.3
99.5
99.4
15-25
61.2
77.8
88.0
91.4
96.6
97.8
97.8
80.4
90.8
95.7
96.8
98.9
99.1
99.2
6-15
52.1
69.4
82.7
86.2
95.8
97.2
97.5
76.2
86.4
93.2
95.0
98.4
98.7
98.8
Fewer Than 6
43.3
59.7
73.5
74.8
88.3
89.8
90.3
67.9
80.9
88.9
91.8
96.2
96.8
96.9

Table 19

High-Speed Subscribership

Ranked by Household Income

Percentage of Zip Codes with at Least One High-Speed Subscriber

Percentage of Population that Resides in Zip Codes with High-Speed Service

Median Household

Income 1

Dec 2001

Dec 2002

Dec 2003

Dec 2004

Dec 2005

Dec 2006

Dec 2007

Dec 2001

Dec 2002

Dec 2003

Dec 2004

Dec 2005

Dec 2006

Dec 2007

$53,494 to $291,938
96.8 %
98.3 %
98.7 %
98.8 %
99.1 %
99.4 %
99.4 %
99.6 %
99.9 %
99.9 %
99.8 %
99.8 %
99.8 %
99.8 %
$43,617 to $53,478
91.7
95.3
97.4
97.6
98.7
99.0
99.0
99.3
99.8
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
$38,396 to $43,614
84.9
92.1
96.0
96.7
98.6
99.0
99.1
98.6
99.5
99.8
99.8
99.9
99.9
99.9
$34,744 to $38,395
79.9
88.2
94.0
95.0
98.2
98.7
98.7
97.6
99.1
99.6
99.7
99.8
99.9
99.9
$32,122 to $34,743
78.2
87.1
92.5
94.3
97.9
98.7
98.8
97.6
98.9
99.4
99.6
99.9
99.9
99.9
$29,893 to $32,121
75.5
85.6
91.8
93.8
98.2
98.6
98.8
96.8
98.5
99.3
99.4
99.8
99.8
99.8
$27,542 to $29,892
75.2
85.4
91.8
93.6
97.7
98.4
98.5
96.5
98.3
99.2
99.4
99.7
99.8
99.8
$24,855 to $27,541
71.8
83.2
89.8
92.6
97.6
98.2
98.3
95.6
98.1
98.9
99.2
99.6
99.6
99.7
$21,645 to $24,855
70.0
83.1
90.1
92.9
97.2
98.2
98.4
95.0
97.9
99.0
99.3
99.7
99.8
99.7
$0 to $21,644
62.7
74.5
81.9
83.3
90.1
91.3
91.6
95.1
97.5
98.6
99.0
99.4
99.5
99.5

1 Persons per square mile and median household income are presented in decile groups. Each decile group contains 10% of the reported geographic Zip Codes for which the demographic
information, as of the year 2000, is available in Demographic Power Pack, Current Year Update (2000), MapInfo Corporation.

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