Skip Navigation

Federal Communications Commission

English Display Options

Commission Document

FCC Releases New Data on Local Telephone Competition

Attachments & Related Documents

Download Options

Released: November 26, 2013



Local Telephone Competition:

Status as of December 31, 2012








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
November 2013


















This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site athttp://www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats"> www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.







Contents

TEXT


Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 1
Retail local telephone service ................................................................................................................. 1
Service providers .................................................................................................................................... 3
Interconnected VoIP service ................................................................................................................... 6
Switched access lines .............................................................................................................................. 9
Wholesale relationships for switched access lines .................................................................................. 9
Remainder of the report ........................................................................................................................ 11
Technical Notes .................................................................................................................................... 33
Glossary ................................................................................................................................................ 35

FIGURES


1. Retail Local Telephone Service Connections, 2009 - 2012 ............................................................. 2
2. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type ................................................................................................................................. 3
3. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status ............................................................................................................................. 4
4. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type .......................................................................................................................... 5
5. Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features ................................................ 7
6. Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP Broadband Bundles ............. 8
7. Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines .................................................................................. 9
8. Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs ................................... 10

TABLES


1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .................................................. 12
2. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type .................... 13
3. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type ............................. 14
4. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs .................... 15
5. ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions,

and UNEs ....................................................................................................................................... 16
6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers ................................................................................................................. 17
7. Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service .......................... 18
8. Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines ................................................... 19
9. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .................................... 20
10. Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ........................... 21
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 i





11. Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ............................... 22
12. Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by State ........................................................................................................................................... 23
13. Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .................. 24
14. ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State .......................... 25
15. Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State ..................................... 26
16. Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Provided to

Residential Customers by State ...................................................................................................... 27
17. Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State ...................................... 28
18. Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers ......................... 29
19. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ............................................ 30
20. Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ................... 30
21. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State ............................. 31

CHARTS

1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .................................................. 12
2. Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers........................ 13
3. VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions ........................... 14
4. Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions .......................................... 15
5. ILEC Total Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs .................................................................. 16
6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers ................................................................................................................. 17
7. Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs.................................................. 18

MAP



Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs
by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code ....................................................................................................... 32











U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 ii


Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012


Introduction.
The Commission has used FCC Form 477 to collect subscribership information from
providers of local telephone service – the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), competitive local
exchange carriers (CLECs), and mobile telephony providers – for more than a decade.1 The Commission
has required interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (“interconnected VoIP”) service providers to
report subscribership information since December 2008 because the use of VoIP technology is growing
rapidly and it increasingly is used to provide local telephone service.2

This report summarizes the information collected about telephone services as of December 31, 2012. It
demonstrates continued growth in subscribership to interconnected VoIP and mobile telephony services
and continued decline in subscribership to traditional wired telephone services.3

Retail local telephone service.

Retail local telephone service customers are served by two wireline
technologies – “end-user” switched access lines and interconnected VoIP “subscriptions” – and by
mobile wireless subscriptions.

 In December 2012, there were 96 million end-user switched access lines in service, 42 million
interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 305 million mobile subscriptions in the United States, or
443 million retail local telephone service connections in total. See Figure 1.


1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 and the meaning of terms used in this report. For an overview of program history for the telephone
services data, see Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2008 (June 2010) at pp. 1-2, available
file:///C:/Users/Ellen.Burton/Desktop/June11data/www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are interested in historical trends in the data should note the
changes in reporting requirements that were effective in 2008 and earlier, in 2005.
2 The FCC’s rules (at 47 C.F.R. § 9.3) state:
An interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service is a service that:
(1) Enables real-time, two-way voice communications;
(2) Requires a broadband connection from the user’s location;
(3) Requires Internet protocol-compatible customer premises equipment (CPE); and
(4) Permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate
calls to the public switched telephone network.
We note that the current interpretation of element (4) of the definition excludes the VoIP services that Skype offers
in the United States, and subscribers to those services are not reported on Form 477. Prior to the December 2008
data, companies such as Vonage that solely provide interconnected VoIP service did not file Form 477. Telephone
companies and cable companies that provided local exchange telephone service were required to file Form 477 but
were not required to report interconnected VoIP subscriptions. However, some of these companies chose to include
interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the number of retail (end-user) switched access lines that they reported.
3 The presentation of mobile wireless telephone subscriber counts in this report does not constitute, or imply,
Commission analysis of the extent to which wireline and mobile wireless telephone services are demand substitutes
or complements in general or in any particular situation. In the Form 477 program, commercial mobile radio service
(CMRS) carriers who own or operate wireless networks report both their retail telephone service customers and the
retail customers of mobile wireless telephone service resellers.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 1

 Over the three-year period presented in Figure 1, interconnected VoIP subscriptions increased at
a compound annual growth rate of 17%, mobile telephony subscriptions increased at a compound
annual growth rate of about 4%, and retail switched access lines declined at about 9% a year.4


Figure 1

Retail Local Telephone Service Connections, 2009 - 2012

(In Thousands)




 Of the 138 million wireline retail local telephone service connections (including both switched
access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions) in December 2012, 79 million (or 57%) were
residential connections and 59 million (or 43%) were business connections.5 See Figure 2.


4 The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a smoothed rate of growth calculated in three steps. First, divide the
ending (December 2012) value by the beginning (December 2009) value. Second, raise the result of that division to
a power equal to one divided by the number of years in the period (in this case, 3 years, so the power is 1/3). Third,
subtract the number one from the result of the second step.
5 FCC Form 477 does not distinguish between residential and business subscribers to mobile telephony service. The
information that Form 477 collects about mobile broadband service is summarized elsewhere; see Internet Access
Services: Status as of December 31, 2012
, available http://www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 2

 Cross-classified by technology and customer type, the 138 million wireline retail local telephone
service connections in December 2012 were: 32% residential switched access lines, 37%
business switched access lines, 25% residential interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 6%
business interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 2.


Figure 2

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)


Switched Access

Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP


Residential

44,577
34,315
78,892

Business

51,535
7,646
59,180
Total
96,111
41,961
138,072
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.








Service providers.

The Form 477 program – and this report – distinguishes ILEC operations from all
other operations.

 Cross-classified by customer type (residential or business) and the service retailer’s regulatory
status (ILEC or non-ILEC), the 138 million wireline retail local telephone service connections in
December 2012 were: 35% ILEC residential service, 25% ILEC business service, 23% non-ILEC
residential service, and 18% non-ILEC business service. See Figure 3.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 3

Figure 3

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)


Residential
Business
Total

ILEC

47,640
34,476
82,115

Non-ILEC

31,253
24,704
55,957
Total
78,892
59,180
138,072
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.







 Additionally cross-classified by technology, the 79 million wireline residential connections in
December 2012 were: 52.6% ILEC switched access lines, 35.7% non-ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions, 3.9% non-ILEC switched access lines, and 7.8% ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions. Similarly, the 59 million wireline business connections were: 57.0% ILEC
switched access lines, 30.1% non-ILEC switched access lines, 11.7% non-ILEC interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, and 1.2% ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 4.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 4


Figure 4

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Total

Switched Access

Interconnected

Total

Lines

VoIP


ILEC
75,251
6,864
82,115
Non-ILEC
20,860
35,097
55,957
Total
96,111
41,961
138,072

Residential




ILEC
41,505
6,134
47,640
Non-ILEC
3,072
28,181
31,253
Residential Total
44,577
34,315
78,892

Business




ILEC
33,746
730
34,476
Non-ILEC
17,789
6,916
24,704
Business Total
51,535
7,646
59,180
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.









U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 5

Interconnected VoIP service.

Form 477 identifies three types of information about retail
interconnected VoIP service.

 First, interconnected VoIP service retailers distinguish between the interconnected VoIP
subscriptions they sell to their broadband Internet access service customers (“broadband bundle”
subscriptions, in this report) and all the other interconnected VoIP subscriptions that they sell
(“standalone” subscriptions).

 Second, filers report whether or not interconnected VoIP subscriptions include, as a service
feature, the capability to use the service over any broadband connection to which the customer
has access, for example, at a hotel or vacation residence (“nomadic” functionality).

 Third, filers identify the different broadband technologies (for example, cable modem Internet
access service) in the broadband bundle.

The Form 477 data cross-classify the first two of these three sets of information. See Figure 5.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 6

Figure 5

Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Total

Broadband

Standalone

Total

Bundle

VoIP


Nomadic
769
3,432
4,201
Not nomadic
35,956
1,804
37,760
Total
36,725
5,236
41,961

ILEC




Nomadic
33
18
51
Not nomadic
6,812
2
6,814
ILEC Total
6,845
20
6,864

Non-ILEC




Nomadic
736
3,414
4,150
Not nomadic
29,144
1,802
30,947
Non-ILEC Total
29,880
5,217
35,097
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.







U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 7

Form 477 collects the third type of information about retail interconnected VoIP service – the technology
of the Internet access connection – for broadband bundles but not for standalone interconnected VoIP.
See Figure 6.6

Figure 6

Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP

Broadband Bundles as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC
Non-ILEC

Total

DSL or Other Wireline
3,556
2,822
6,378
FTTP
3,288
832
4,119
Cable Modem
1
25,968
25,969
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
#
49
49
Other
0
210
210
Total
6,845
29,880
36,725
# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.






6 Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012 discusses types of Internet access connections in greater
detail. The report is available file:///C:/Users/Ellen.Burton/Desktop/June11data/www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html">at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 8

Switched access lines.

ILECs as a group predominantly deliver retail switched access lines over
copper local loops. This appears also to be the case for those non-ILECs who report retail switched
access lines. See Figure 7.

Figure 7

Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC
Non-ILEC
Total
FTTP
6,149
1,936
8,084
Coaxial Cable
176
1,765
1,941
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
15
76
90
Copper Local Loop
68,912
17,083
85,995
Total
75,251
20,860
96,111
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.









Wholesale relationships for switched access lines.
ILECs typically own the communications facilities
over which they provide retail services. By contrast, CLECs use a range of methods: equipping ILEC
UNE loops (“UNE-L”) as CLEC switched access lines,7 reselling services (for example, reselling ILEC

7 CLECs (as opposed to non-ILECs more generally) have certain regulatory rights to obtain ILEC local loops at cost-
based UNE rates, which the CLEC may use to provide retail switched access lines or retail broadband Internet access
connections. See C.F.R. § 51.307.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 9

switched access lines obtained at wholesale rates or reselling ILEC lines obtained under commercial
agreements that replaced the UNE-Platform (“UNE-P”)), equipping leased ILEC special access circuits
as switched access lines, and equipping local loops that the CLEC owns.

 CLECs reported using several methods to provide their nearly 21 million retail switched access
lines in December 2012. They reported providing 37% of lines (or 7.7 million lines) by reselling
ILEC wholesale or retail services. They reported providing 33% of lines (or 6.9 million lines)
over ILEC facilities leased at regulated, cost-based rates (that is, as unbundled network elements,
or UNEs). And they provided the remaining 30% of lines (or 6.3 million lines) over local loops
that they owned. However, the information about wholesale relationships differs as reported by
CLECs and by ILECs, as discussed in Figure 8.

Figure 8

Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs

as of December 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

CLEC

ILEC

Difference

Retail Switched

Wholesale Switched

Access Lines

Access Lines and


provisioned over

UNEs provided to


ILEC Services

CLECs

(reported by CLECs)
(reported by ILECs)

Resold ILEC services1

7,682
4,038
3,643

UNE-P2

935
1
934

UNE-L3

5,946
2,913
3,033
Total ILEC UNEs
6,881
2,914
3,967
Total ILEC services
14,563
6,953
7,610




Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


1 Resold ILEC services include switched access lines made available to CLECs at wholesale rates, resold Centrex,
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), or other ILEC services, ILEC special access circuits channelized to
provide CLEC retail switched access lines, and ILEC switched access lines provided to CLECs under commercial
agreements that replaced UNE-P. (See note 2, below.) Filers are instructed to count the number of voice-grade
channels the retail customer purchased, not the theoretical capacity of the circuit over which the service was delivered.
ILECs generally do not know (and do not report) which ILEC leased special access circuits or other high-capacity
circuits are being used to provide CLEC retail switched access lines (which the CLECs do report).
2 UNE-P was the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE. The Commission directed
CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by UNE-P to an alternative arrangement within 12 months of the
effective data of the Triennial Review Remand Order, that is, by March 11, 2006. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).
3 ILECs report the number of UNE-L they provide to CLECs but do not convert any high-capacity UNE-L, such as
DS1 UNE loops, into voice-grade equivalents. By contrast, CLECs report the number of switched access lines their
retail customers purchase which the CLEC provisioned over UNE-L obtained from ILECs. Note, however, that a
CLEC might use UNE-L only to provide broadband Internet access connections.





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 10

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables and charts that update data
presented in earlier reports in this series. We present national data first, followed by state-specific data
and, finally, summary statistics of service-provider presence in individual ZIP Codes.8

* * * *
We invite users of this information to provide suggestions for improved analysis of data presented in this
report by using the attached customer response form or by sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov
for subject: December 2012 local telephone data. We encourage users of this information to provide
suggestions for improved data collection by participating in any formal proceedings undertaken by the
Commission to solicit comments for improvement of FCC Form 477.

8 The appropriate interpretation of the ZIP Code-based information is discussed in the Technical Notes at the end of
the report.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 11

Table 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions1

(In Thousands)

Provided by

Date

Total

Non-ILEC Share

ILEC

Non-ILEC

0
0
0
Jun 2006
142,293
29,896
172,189
17.4
Dec 2006
138,834
28,626
167,460
17.1
Jun 2007
134,640
28,729
163,369
17.6
Dec 2007
129,693
28,725
158,418
18.1
Jun 2008
124,606
30,049
154,655
19.4
Dec 2008
118,496
44,267
162,763
27.2
Jun 2009
112,748
44,351
157,098
28.2
Dec 2009
107,018
45,927
152,945
30.0
Jun 2010
102,395
49,077
151,472
32.4
Dec 2010
97,497
52,155
149,652
34.9
Jun 2011
93,394
52,820
146,214
36.1
Dec 2011
89,428
53,891
143,319
37.6
Jun 2012
85,849
55,419
141,268
39.2
Dec 2012
82,115
55,957
138,072
40.5
Some previously published data have been revised.
1 Mandatory reporting by interconnected VoIP service providers started in December 2008. Previously, individual ILECs and CLECs included
VoIP subscribers in reported switched access lines to a varying and largely unknown degree. Interconnected VoIP is distinguished from VoIP
service more generally by permitting users to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the
public switched telephone network. See 47 C.F.R. § 9.3. Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions
as the maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user’s location under the purchased service plan.

Chart 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

(In Millions)
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010 Jun 2011 Dec 2011 Jun 2012 Dec 2012
Non-ILEC
29.9
28.6
28.7
28.7
30.0
44.3
44.4
45.9
49.1
52.2
52.8
53.9
55.4
56.0
ILEC
142.3
138.8
134.6
129.7
124.6
118.5
112.7
107.0
102.4
97.5
93.4
89.4
85.8
82.1

ILEC

Non-ILEC

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 12

Table 2

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type1

(In Thousands)

Reporting ILECs

Reporting Non-ILECs

Date

Residential

Business

% Residential

Residential

Business

% Residential
0
0
0
0
Jun 2006
92,453
49,840
65.0
12,474
17,422
41.7
Dec 2006
89,167
49,667
64.2
12,211
16,415
42.7
Jun 2007
85,633
49,007
63.6
12,117
16,612
42.2
Dec 2007
81,798
47,894
63.1
12,051
16,675
42.0
Jun 2008
77,457
47,149
62.2
12,396
17,654
41.3
Dec 2008
72,786
45,711
61.4
25,049
19,218
56.6
Jun 2009
68,581
44,166
60.8
24,769
19,582
55.8
Dec 2009
64,613
42,405
60.4
26,793
19,134
58.3
Jun 2010
61,579
40,816
60.1
27,899
21,178
56.8
Dec 2010
58,194
39,303
59.7
28,851
23,304
55.3
Jun 2011
55,365
38,029
59.3
29,272
23,548
55.4
Dec 2011
52,530
36,897
58.7
30,285
23,607
56.2
Jun 2012
50,165
35,684
58.4
30,805
24,614
55.6
Dec 2012
47,640
34,476
58.0
31,253
24,704
55.9
Some previously published data have been revised.
1 The December 2008 data are the first for which comprehensive reporting of interconnected VoIP subscribers was required. See
footnote 1, Table 1.

Chart 2

Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers1

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012
ILECs
65.0%
64.2%
63.6%
63.1%
62.2%
61.4%
60.8%
60.4%
60.1%
59.7%
59.3%
58.7%
58.4%
58.0%
Non-ILECs
41.7%
42.7%
42.2%
42.0%
41.3%
56.6%
55.8%
58.3%
56.8%
55.3%
55.4%
56.2%
55.6%
55.9%

ILECs

Non-ILECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 13

Table 3

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type
(In Thousands)

End-User Switched Access Lines

VoIP Subscriptions

Total

Date

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Dec 2008
78,180
62,839
141,019
19,655
2,090
21,744
97,835
64,929
162,763
Jun 2009
73,093
60,015
133,109
20,257
3,733
23,990
93,350
63,748
157,098
Dec 2009
68,614
58,335
126,949
22,793
3,204
25,996
91,406
61,539
152,945
Jun 2010
64,463
58,152
122,615
25,015
3,842
28,857
89,478
61,994
151,472
Dec 2010
60,010
57,874
117,884
27,036
4,733
31,768
87,045
62,607
149,652
Jun 2011
56,019
56,428
112,447
28,617
5,150
33,767
84,637
61,577
146,214
Dec 2011
51,920
54,729
106,649
30,895
5,775
36,670
82,815
60,504
143,319
Jun 2012
48,337
53,495
101,832
32,633
6,802
39,435
80,970
60,298
141,268
Dec 2012
44,577
51,535
96,111
34,315
7,646
41,961
78,892
59,180
138,072
Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Chart 3

VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Dec 2008
Jun 2009
Dec 2009
Jun 2010
Dec 2010
Jun 2011
Dec 2011
Jun 2012
Dec 2012
Residential
20.1%
21.7%
24.9%
28.0%
31.1%
33.8%
37.3%
40.3%
43.5%
Business
3.2%
5.9%
5.2%
6.2%
7.6%
8.4%
9.5%
11.3%
12.9%
Total
13.4%
15.3%
17.0%
19.1%
21.2%
23.1%
25.6%
27.9%
30.4%
Residential
Business
Total
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 14

Table 4

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs1

(Lines and Subscriptions in Thousands)

End-User Switched Access

Lines

End-User

Percent

Acquired from

Reporting

Switched

other LECs

CLEC-

Date

Non-

Access Lines

VoIP

owned

CLEC-

ILECs

and VoIP

Resold

ILEC

local

Resold

ILEC

owned

Subscriptions

LEC

LEC

VoIP

UNEs 2

loops 3

UNEs

local
service
service
loops
Jun 2006
400
29,896
6,548
12,547
10,802
-
21.9
42.0
36.1
-
Dec 2006
397
28,626
5,819
11,663
11,144
-
20.3
40.7
38.9
-
Jun 2007
406
28,729
6,193
11,511
11,025
-
21.6
40.1
38.4
-
Dec 2007
443
28,725
6,430
10,582
11,713
-
22.4
36.8
40.8
-
Jun 2008
469
30,049
6,073
10,884
13,093
-
20.2
36.2
43.6
-
Dec 2008
705
44,267
7,083
9,612
6,359
21,216
16.0
21.7
14.4 47.9
Jun 2009
720
44,351
6,799
8,516
6,005
23,032
15.3
19.2
13.5 51.9
Dec 2009
758
45,927
7,100
8,029
5,993
24,802
15.5
17.5
13.0 54.0
Jun 2010
787
49,077
8,249
7,701
6,231
26,895
16.8
15.7
12.7 54.8
Dec 2010
809
52,155
8,634
7,313
7,294
28,912
16.6
14.0
14.0 55.4
Jun 2011
834
52,820
8,492
6,950
7,242
30,136
16.1
13.2
13.7 57.1
Dec 2011
872
53,891
8,201
6,769
6,937
31,978
15.2
12.6
12.9 59.3
Jun 2012
875
55,419
8,138
6,654
7,007
33,623
14.7
12.0
12.6 60.7
Dec 2012
913
55,957
7,682
6,881
6,296
35,097
13.7
12.3
11.3 62.7
Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Includes unbundled network element (UNE) loops leased from an unaffiliated ILEC on a stand-alone basis and also UNE loops leased
in combination with UNE switching or any other unbundled network element.
3 Lines provided over CLEC-owned "last-mile" facilities.

Chart 4

Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions as of December 31, 2012

Resold LEC service

13.7%

ILEC UNEs

12.3%

VoIP

62.7%

CLEC-owned local

loops
11.3%
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 15

Table 5

ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions, and UNEs1
(Lines, Subscriptions, and UNEs in Thousands)

Switched Access Lines and UNEs Provided to CLECs

End-User

ILEC

UNEs

Reporting

Total

Switched

% of

Date

Total

VoIP

Resold

UNEs &

ILECs2

Access

With

Total

Total

Lines3

Without

Lines

Resold

Lines

Switching Switching4

UNEs

Lines

Lines

Jun 2006
805
156,872
142,293
-
1,723
4,413
8,443
12,856
14,579
9.3
Dec 2006
814
151,958
138,834
-
1,613
4,408
7,103
11,511
13,124
8.6
Jun 2007
816
146,672
134,640
-
1,517
4,285
6,230
10,515
12,032
8.2
Dec 2007
805
140,808
129,693
-
1,460
4,122
5,534
9,655
11,115
7.9
Jun 2008
800
134,846
124,606
-
1,473
3,827
4,941
8,768
10,241
7.6
Dec 2008
777
128,288
117,968
529
3,209
3,844
2,740
6,583
9,792
7.6
Jun 2009
777
121,879
111,790
958
3,008
3,580
2,543
6,123
9,131
7.5
Dec 2009
766
116,070
105,824
1,194
2,988
3,668
2,396
6,063
9,051
7.8
Jun 2010
763
110,798
100,433
1,962
5,023
3,254
127
3,381
8,403
7.6
Dec 2010
754
105,386
94,641
2,856
4,712
3,124
53
3,177
7,889
7.5
Jun 2011
756
101,056
89,763
3,631
4,578
3,081
4
3,085
7,662
7.6
Dec 2011
756
96,890
84,735
4,693
4,366
3,028
68
3,097
7,463
7.7
Jun 2012
756
93,033
80,036
5,813
4,059
3,005
121
3,126
7,185
7.7
Dec 2012
753
89,068
75,251
6,864
4,038
2,913
1
2,914
6,953
7.8
Some previously published data have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Fewer ILECs were counted after mid-year 2007 primarily because FCC staff identified additional common-control relationships.
3 Sum of ILEC-reported end-user (retail) switched access lines, ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and ILEC wholesale switched
access lines and UNEs provided to CLECs.
4 ILEC loops provided with ILEC switching, including the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE,
collectively referred to as the UNE-Platform ("UNE-P"). In the Triennial Review Remand Order, which was adopted on December 15,
2004, the Commission directed CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by these methods to alternative arrangements by March 11,
2006, i.e., within 12 months of the date the order went into effect. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).

Chart 5

ILEC Total (Retail and Wholesale) Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs for Resale

180,000
14.0%
160,000
12.0%
140,000
10.0%
120,000
8.0%
100,000
80,000
6.0%
60,000
4.0%
40,000
2.0%
20,000
0
0.0%

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012

ILEC Total Lines

Percent Provided to CLECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 16

Table 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers1
(In Thousands)

Percent Coaxial

Date

Coaxial Cable2

Other Technology

Total

Cable

Jun 2006
6,070
23,826
29,896
20.3
Dec 2006
6,751
21,875
28,626
23.6
Jun 2007
7,730
21,000
28,729
26.9
Dec 2007
8,385
20,340
28,725
29.2
Jun 2008
9,352
20,697
30,049
31.1
Dec 2008
20,108
24,158
44,267
45.4
Jun 2009
21,547
22,804
44,351
48.6
Dec 2009
23,171
22,756
45,927
50.5
Jun 2010
24,339
24,738
49,077
49.6
Dec 2010
25,877
26,278
52,155
49.6
Jun 2011
26,645
26,175
52,820
50.4
Dec 2011
27,776
26,115
53,891
51.5
Jun 2012
28,541
26,878
55,419
51.5
Dec 2012
29,318
26,639
55,957
52.4
Some previously published data have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Reported end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP connections that terminate on coaxial cable at the end user's
premises. Starting, systematically, with the December 2008 data, interconnected VoIP service providers report subscriptions they sold
in a bundle with cable modem Internet access service. For December 2008 and later dates, FCC staff used other Form 477 data to
estimate the number of standalone VoIP subscriptions that terminated on coaxial cable at the end user's premises.

Chart 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers
(In Thousands)
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012

Coaxial Cable

Other Technology

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 17

Table 7

Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Jun 2007
65
86
68
Dec 2007
65
87
68
Jun 2008
66
88
69
Dec 2008
68
80
69
Jun 2009
69
80
70
Dec 2009
70
76
71
Jun 2010
70
76
71
Dec 2010
69
77
69
Jun 2011
69
78
70
Dec 2011
68
78
69
Jun 2012
66
76
66
Dec 2012
65
78
66

Business

Jun 2007
48
72
54
Dec 2007
49
70
54
Jun 2008
49
72
55
Dec 2008
44
70
51
Jun 2009
43
72
51
Dec 2009
43
71
51
Jun 2010
44
73
53
Dec 2010
50
76
59
Jun 2011
52
80
62
Dec 2011
52
75
59
Jun 2012
51
74
59
Dec 2012
51
74
59

Total

Jun 2007
59
78
62
Dec 2007
59
77
63
Jun 2008
59
79
63
Dec 2008
59
73
61
Jun 2009
59
74
61
Dec 2009
60
72
62
Jun 2010
60
74
62
Dec 2010
61
76
64
Jun 2011
62
80
66
Dec 2011
61
75
64
Jun 2012
59
75
62
Dec 2012
59
74
62
Some previously published data have been revised.

Chart 7

Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs

80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2012
2012

Residential

Business

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 18

Table 8

Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines

(In Thousands)

December 31, 2012

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
27,127
2,388
29,515
Not Presubscribed
14,378
684
15,062
All Lines
41,505
3,072
44,577
Percent Presubscribed
65%
78%
66%

Business

Presubscribed
17,281
13,090
30,372
Not Presubscribed
16,464
4,698
21,163
All Lines
33,746
17,789
51,534
Percent Presubscribed
51%
74%
59%

Total

Presubscribed
44,408
15,478
59,886
Not Presubscribed
30,843
5,382
36,225
All Lines
75,251
20,860
96,111
Percent Presubscribed
59%
74%
62%

June 30, 2012

ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
29,517
2,591
32,107
Not Presubscribed
15,429
801
16,230
All Lines
44,946
3,391
48,337
Percent Presubscribed
66%
76%
66%

Business

Presubscribed
17,858
13,667
31,525
Not Presubscribed
17,232
4,738
21,970
All Lines
35,090
18,405
53,495
Percent Presubscribed
51%
74%
59%

Total

Presubscribed
47,374
16,258
63,632
Not Presubscribed
32,661
5,539
38,200
All Lines
80,036
21,796
101,832
Percent Presubscribed
59%
75%
62%
Some previously published data have been revised. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 19

Table 9

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Non-ILEC

State

Switched

Switched

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Total

Access

Stand-

Stand-

Total

with
with

Lines

Lines

alone
alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
1,133
0
68
1,201
334
61
277
673
1,874
36
Alaska
228
0
#
228
*
2
1
*
*
*
American Samoa
9
0
0
9
0
0
0
0
9
0
Arizona
1,224
0
1
1,224
553
119
606
1,278
2,503
51
Arkansas
696
0
30
725
107
24
135
266
991
27
California
10,153
2
912
11,067
2,118
759
3,240
6,117
17,184
36
Colorado
1,207
0
0
1,207
369
100
594
1,063
2,271
47
Connecticut
930
#
130
1,060
190
69
581
840
1,900
44
Delaware
225
#
53
279
52
20
111
183
462
40
District of Columbia
543
#
18
561
233
25
105
362
924
39
Florida
4,170
2
570
4,743
1,410
477
2,165
4,052
8,795
46
Georgia
2,266
#
189
2,455
779
176
694
1,649
4,104
40
Guam
40
0
0
40
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
390
#
6
397
48
8
104
159
556
29
Idaho
375
0
0
375
71
20
77
168
544
31
Illinois
3,196
0
310
3,507
609
237
1,188
2,033
5,540
37
Indiana
1,566
2
109
1,677
214
82
478
773
2,451
32
Iowa
817
#
#
817
169
30
172
372
1,190
31
Kansas
602
0
36
638
187
38
212
437
1,075
41
Kentucky
1,087
0
24
1,111
218
25
267
510
1,621
31
Louisiana
1,079
#
68
1,147
271
61
337
669
1,816
37
Maine
367
0
#
367
139
13
146
298
666
45
Maryland
1,605
2
386
1,993
454
128
541
1,123
3,117
36
Massachusetts
1,513
1
283
1,797
818
157
1,021
1,996
3,793
53
Michigan
2,028
0
212
2,240
352
196
1,056
1,604
3,844
42
Minnesota
1,348
#
2
1,350
458
67
580
1,105
2,455
45
Mississippi
658
#
31
690
82
27
118
228
917
25
Missouri
1,559
0
152
1,711
236
61
331
629
2,340
27
Montana
282
0
#
282
42
7
101
151
433
35
Nebraska
443
0
0
443
193
24
134
351
794
44
Nevada
632
0
15
646
126
66
320
512
1,158
44
New Hampshire
278
0
1
279
109
39
248
396
675
59
New Jersey
2,018
2
476
2,496
820
198
1,567
2,585
5,081
51
New Mexico
523
0
0
523
64
21
110
195
717
27
New York
4,108
4
712
4,824
1,776
265
3,208
5,250
10,074
52
North Carolina
2,390
#
84
2,474
702
125
880
1,706
4,181
41
North Dakota
201
0
0
201
80
3
38
122
323
38
Northern Mariana Isl.
15
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
15
0
Ohio
2,791
0
165
2,957
505
109
1,032
1,646
4,602
36
Oklahoma
832
0
37
869
253
53
299
604
1,473
41
Oregon
833
0
0
833
230
67
401
699
1,532
46
Pennsylvania
3,370
2
423
3,796
1,337
251
1,287
2,875
6,671
43
Puerto Rico
583
0
0
583
105
18
115
239
822
29
Rhode Island
179
#
62
240
189
27
97
312
553
57
South Carolina
1,119
0
64
1,183
291
65
312
667
1,850
36
South Dakota
197
0
#
197
135
5
72
211
408
52
Tennessee
1,413
0
99
1,512
570
89
507
1,165
2,677
44
Texas
5,493
1
666
6,159
1,065
329
1,409
2,804
8,963
31
Utah
502
0
0
502
151
43
291
485
988
49
Vermont
218
0
#
218
42
12
74
129
346
37
Virgin Islands
49
0
0
49
0
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
2,080
1
351
2,432
708
184
678
1,570
4,002
39
Washington
1,491
#
1
1,492
370
138
825
1,334
2,826
47
West Virginia
559
0
0
559
104
16
169
289
849
34
Wisconsin
1,492
#
97
1,589
277
76
486
840
2,429
35
Wyoming
145
0
1
146
17
5
64
86
232
37
Nationwide
75,251
20
6,845
82,115
20,860
5,217
29,880
55,957
138,072
41
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 20

Table 10

Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

with
with

Lines

alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
705
0
62
768
71
52
228
351
1,119
31
Alaska
109
0
0
109
*
1
1
*
*
*
American Samoa
4
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
4
0
Arizona
703
0
0
703
252
80
374
705
1,408
50
Arkansas
414
0
27
441
12
18
103
133
574
23
California
5,169
2
785
5,955
416
487
2,336
3,238
9,194
35
Colorado
719
0
0
719
20
71
470
561
1,280
44
Connecticut
482
#
118
600
37
52
513
602
1,202
50
Delaware
112
#
51
163
3
17
105
125
288
43
District of Columbia
96
#
12
108
11
11
43
65
173
38
Florida
2,336
2
522
2,860
43
374
1,909
2,326
5,186
45
Georgia
1,235
#
161
1,396
75
138
570
783
2,179
36
Guam
22
0
0
22
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
205
0
0
205
#
6
84
91
296
31
Idaho
225
0
0
225
18
9
52
79
305
26
Illinois
1,566
0
257
1,823
54
187
999
1,240
3,063
40
Indiana
882
0
101
982
47
63
420
530
1,512
35
Iowa
520
#
#
520
64
24
108
196
717
27
Kansas
331
0
32
363
74
25
144
243
605
40
Kentucky
663
0
20
683
60
18
236
314
996
31
Louisiana
616
#
59
674
68
48
252
368
1,042
35
Maine
260
0
0
260
9
10
131
150
410
37
Maryland
745
2
371
1,118
97
90
433
620
1,738
36
Massachusetts
740
1
272
1,012
46
124
960
1,130
2,142
53
Michigan
1,020
0
180
1,200
71
168
957
1,196
2,396
50
Minnesota
904
#
#
904
87
53
379
519
1,423
36
Mississippi
378
0
27
405
19
22
104
146
550
26
Missouri
927
0
129
1,056
25
47
258
330
1,386
24
Montana
176
0
#
176
13
4
72
89
265
33
Nebraska
246
0
0
246
83
15
83
180
427
42
Nevada
358
0
13
371
2
47
242
292
663
44
New Hampshire
180
0
0
180
3
32
235
270
449
60
New Jersey
962
2
446
1,411
53
149
1,351
1,554
2,965
52
New Mexico
332
0
0
332
7
15
81
103
436
24
New York
2,134
4
657
2,795
163
158
2,655
2,976
5,771
52
North Carolina
1,437
#
74
1,511
23
96
759
878
2,389
37
North Dakota
130
0
0
130
40
2
7
50
179
28
Northern Mariana Isl.
7
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
7
0
Ohio
1,600
0
138
1,738
57
72
888
1,017
2,756
37
Oklahoma
478
0
33
511
118
33
213
365
876
42
Oregon
525
0
0
525
19
49
346
414
938
44
Pennsylvania
2,071
2
388
2,461
108
202
1,183
1,492
3,954
38
Puerto Rico
430
0
0
430
1
12
93
106
536
20
Rhode Island
101
#
61
162
68
17
66
152
314
48
South Carolina
693
0
54
747
56
41
263
359
1,107
32
South Dakota
122
0
#
122
73
4
64
141
263
54
Tennessee
855
0
86
941
59
74
431
564
1,505
37
Texas
2,829
1
574
3,403
107
236
1,121
1,465
4,868
30
Utah
293
0
0
293
17
27
171
215
508
42
Vermont
151
0
0
151
4
10
70
85
236
36
Virgin Islands
31
0
0
31
0
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
1,109
1
326
1,436
144
125
456
725
2,162
34
Washington
910
#
#
911
42
103
730
875
1,786
49
West Virginia
369
0
0
369
18
13
154
184
554
33
Wisconsin
818
0
79
897
41
58
424
522
1,419
37
Wyoming
69
0
1
70
4
3
46
53
123
43
Nationwide
41,505
18
6,116
47,640
3,072
3,791
24,390
31,253
78,892
40
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 21

Table 11

Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of December 31, 2012

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

with
with

Lines

alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
428
0
5
433
263
9
49
322
755
43%
Alaska
119
0
#
119
*
#
#
*
*
*
American Samoa
5
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5
0
Arizona
520
0
1
521
302
39
233
574
1,094
52
Arkansas
281
0
3
284
95
6
32
133
417
32
California
4,984
0
127
5,111
1,702
272
904
2,879
7,990
36
Colorado
488
0
0
488
349
30
124
503
991
51
Connecticut
448
0
12
460
153
17
68
238
698
34
Delaware
114
0
2
116
48
4
6
58
174
33
District of Columbia
447
0
5
453
221
14
62
297
750
40
Florida
1,834
0
48
1,883
1,367
104
256
1,726
3,609
48
Georgia
1,032
0
27
1,059
704
38
124
866
1,925
45
Guam
18
0
0
18
*
0
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
185
#
6
191
48
2
19
69
260
26
Idaho
150
0
0
150
54
10
24
89
239
37
Illinois
1,631
0
53
1,684
555
50
189
794
2,477
32
Indiana
685
2
9
695
167
19
58
243
938
26
Iowa
297
#
#
297
106
6
64
176
473
37
Kansas
271
0
4
275
113
13
69
195
470
41
Kentucky
424
0
5
428
158
7
31
197
625
31
Louisiana
464
0
9
473
203
13
85
301
774
39
Maine
107
0
#
107
130
3
15
149
256
58
Maryland
860
0
15
876
357
38
108
503
1,379
37
Massachusetts
773
0
12
785
771
33
62
866
1,651
52
Michigan
1,008
0
32
1,040
281
28
99
408
1,448
28
Minnesota
444
#
2
446
371
14
201
586
1,032
57
Mississippi
281
#
4
285
63
5
14
82
367
22
Missouri
632
0
23
655
211
14
73
299
953
31
Montana
106
0
0
106
30
3
29
62
167
37
Nebraska
196
0
0
196
110
9
52
171
367
47
Nevada
274
0
1
276
124
18
78
220
496
44
New Hampshire
98
0
1
99
107
7
12
126
225
56
New Jersey
1,055
0
30
1,085
767
48
216
1,031
2,116
49
New Mexico
190
0
0
190
57
6
28
91
281
32
New York
1,974
0
55
2,029
1,614
107
553
2,274
4,303
53
North Carolina
953
0
10
963
678
29
121
829
1,792
46
North Dakota
71
0
0
71
40
1
31
72
144
50
Northern Mariana Isl.
8
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
8
0
Ohio
1,191
0
27
1,218
448
37
144
629
1,847
34
Oklahoma
353
0
4
358
134
20
85
239
597
40
Oregon
309
0
0
309
211
18
55
285
594
48
Pennsylvania
1,299
0
35
1,334
1,229
49
104
1,383
2,717
51
Puerto Rico
153
0
0
153
104
6
22
133
286
46
Rhode Island
77
0
1
78
120
9
31
161
239
67
South Carolina
426
0
10
436
235
24
49
308
744
41
South Dakota
75
0
#
75
62
1
7
70
145
48
Tennessee
558
0
13
571
511
15
76
602
1,173
51
Texas
2,664
0
92
2,756
959
93
288
1,339
4,096
33
Utah
210
0
0
210
134
16
120
270
480
56
Vermont
66
0
#
66
38
2
4
43
110
40
Virgin Islands
18
0
0
18
0
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
971
0
25
996
564
59
222
845
1,841
46
Washington
581
#
#
581
328
36
95
459
1,040
44
West Virginia
190
0
0
190
86
3
15
105
295
36
Wisconsin
674
#
17
692
237
19
63
318
1,010
32
Wyoming
76
0
0
76
13
1
18
33
109
30
Nationwide
33,746
2
728
34,476
17,789
1,425
5,491
24,704
59,180
42
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 22

Table 12

Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
16 %
21 %
21 %
24 %
28 %
30 %
31 %
32 %
34 %
36 %
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
37
40
40
42
44
46
46
48
49
51
Arkansas
14
18
19
20
22
22
24
24
26
27
California
15
22
23
25
27
28
30
32
34
36
Colorado
19
31
32
34
36
39
40
42
44
47
Connecticut
15
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
44
Delaware
18
30
31
32
34
35
37
38
39
40
District of Columbia
15
20
20
21
31
32
34
35
37
39
Florida
14
27
28
31
36
39
40
42
44
46
Georgia
17
25
26
27
31
33
34
36
38
40
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
18
18
19
21
22
24
24
26
27
29
Idaho
11
17
18
19
25
28
26
27
29
31
Illinois
14
24
24
25
27
30
32
33
35
37
Indiana
11
18
19
20
23
25
27
28
30
32
Iowa
19
22
22
24
26
27
28
29
30
31
Kansas
28
31
31
32
34
36
37
38
40
41
Kentucky
18
25
27
28
29
33
32
35
31
31
Louisiana
21
23
25
27
30
32
33
34
37
37
Maine
24
30
33
36
38
39
40
42
42
45
Maryland
15
25
26
27
28
30
31
32
35
36
Massachusetts
25
39
40
42
44
49
52
53
55
53
Michigan
20
29
30
33
34
36
38
39
40
42
Minnesota
22
31
32
34
36
37
38
43
43
45
Mississippi
11
16
17
20
23
25
22
23
24
25
Missouri
15
18
18
20
22
23
24
25
26
27
Montana
19
21
22
23
24
26
29
31
33
35
Nebraska
31
34
35
38
39
42
42
42
43
44
Nevada
26
30
31
33
36
39
40
42
43
44
New Hampshire
25
42
45
49
51
54
55
56
57
59
New Jersey
18
34
36
38
40
46
47
49
50
51
New Mexico
9
14
15
17
19
21
22
24
26
27
New York
31
41
42
44
46
49
50
51
52
52
North Carolina
20
24
25
27
33
35
36
37
39
41
North Dakota
24
32
31
35
36
38
37
38
38
38
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
23
25
26
28
29
31
32
33
34
36
Oklahoma
27
30
30
34
35
38
39
40
41
41
Oregon
18
31
32
34
36
39
41
42
44
46
Pennsylvania
21
30
30
32
35
38
40
41
42
43
Puerto Rico
19
22
25
22
26
25
25
25
27
29
Rhode Island
50
52
53
54
54
58
60
59
59
57
South Carolina
19
23
24
26
30
32
32
33
35
36
South Dakota
32
36
36
44
45
47
48
50
51
52
Tennessee
18
25
25
28
33
36
37
39
41
44
Texas
18
22
22
23
24
25
27
28
30
31
Utah
21
26
32
34
36
38
39
44
45
49
Vermont
13
24
23
27
29
31
34
35
35
37
Virgin Islands
0
*
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
23
31
32
34
33
35
36
37
38
39
Washington
16
30
32
35
37
40
42
44
46
47
West Virginia
16
22
24
27
29
30
31
32
33
34
Wisconsin
24
26
26
27
27
30
31
32
33
35
Wyoming
19
21
21
22
24
26
29
33
36
37
Nationwide
19 %
27 %
28 %
30 %
32 %
35 %
36 %
38 %
39 %
41 %
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not available. Some previously published data have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 23

Table 13

Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
352
463
453
494
594
622
620
634
644
673
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
1,129
1,227
1,173
1,193
1,236
1,244
1,203
1,228
1,243
1,278
Arkansas
175
220
224
230
248
250
257
253
261
266
California
3,101
4,607
4,764
4,857
5,166
5,342
5,515
5,655
5,899
6,117
Colorado
449
847
825
837
884
929
944
967
1,011
1,063
Connecticut
291
630
644
680
706
751
782
799
826
840
Delaware
85
166
166
165
173
174
177
179
182
183
District of Columbia
136
183
180
190
300
314
337
343
347
362
Florida
1,276
2,748
2,737
2,907
3,525
3,729
3,690
3,848
3,940
4,052
Georgia
764
1,174
1,133
1,173
1,370
1,410
1,427
1,496
1,572
1,649
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
115
114
117
125
128
138
137
147
153
159
Idaho
79
123
117
123
159
177
149
150
164
168
Illinois
875
1,667
1,614
1,634
1,658
1,826
1,899
1,909
2,007
2,033
Indiana
313
565
562
592
647
691
719
750
763
773
Iowa
273
309
310
322
344
354
360
362
370
372
Kansas
375
419
413
408
429
436
440
437
443
437
Kentucky
331
497
508
521
546
621
591
636
526
510
Louisiana
449
491
507
539
602
642
640
635
701
669
Maine
181
233
250
274
282
283
285
293
294
298
Maryland
479
868
891
911
912
961
981
1,015
1,103
1,123
Massachusetts
871
1,602
1,592
1,643
1,695
1,967
2,198
2,169
2,306
1,996
Michigan
927
1,458
1,451
1,501
1,518
1,576
1,580
1,586
1,618
1,604
Minnesota
572
877
864
905
927
942
956
1,107
1,061
1,105
Mississippi
122
184
184
214
252
267
227
227
234
228
Missouri
471
523
518
553
598
611
606
611
628
629
Montana
96
101
103
104
109
117
127
137
146
151
Nebraska
274
299
302
332
330
359
348
342
349
351
Nevada
372
420
411
416
451
476
471
493
505
512
New Hampshire
167
347
351
376
388
395
397
396
404
396
New Jersey
866
1,946
1,986
2,004
2,104
2,464
2,530
2,574
2,626
2,585
New Mexico
75
123
128
138
157
168
171
177
188
195
New York
3,125
4,563
4,578
4,710
4,807
5,295
5,222
5,212
5,306
5,250
North Carolina
953
1,101
1,137
1,200
1,480
1,557
1,535
1,589
1,640
1,706
North Dakota
76
113
104
123
126
129
124
124
123
122
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
1,365
1,473
1,450
1,492
1,550
1,615
1,563
1,589
1,607
1,646
Oklahoma
474
521
504
570
572
621
619
617
627
604
Oregon
300
575
563
582
615
631
650
659
690
699
Pennsylvania
1,423
2,205
2,176
2,201
2,422
2,650
2,759
2,787
2,847
2,875
Puerto Rico
186
210
234
170
244
231
228
224
226
239
Rhode Island
301
317
311
311
308
353
383
360
356
312
South Carolina
399
478
497
535
622
645
623
640
657
667
South Dakota
124
140
136
183
188
193
199
209
211
211
Tennessee
523
756
726
791
966
1,020
1,051
1,084
1,122
1,165
Texas
1,919
2,387
2,358
2,372
2,452
2,498
2,556
2,586
2,723
2,804
Utah
211
274
342
353
362
371
375
427
439
485
Vermont
47
90
91
102
110
116
126
129
128
129
Virgin Islands
0
*
#
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
1,043
1,443
1,476
1,565
1,463
1,497
1,523
1,527
1,542
1,570
Washington
471
1,031
1,025
1,095
1,162
1,221
1,229
1,257
1,323
1,334
West Virginia
141
196
214
235
248
269
270
280
287
289
Wisconsin
744
770
755
771
728
791
794
804
814
840
Wyoming
51
54
53
54
58
62
68
79
86
86
Total
30,049
44,267
44,351
45,927
49,077
52,155
52,820
53,891
55,419
55,957
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Some previously published data have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 24

Table 14

ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
1,861
1,746
1,665
1,579
1,506
1,438
1,386
1,322
1,263
1,201
Alaska
294
289
282
273
271
260
257
247
243
228
American Samoa
11
10
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
9
Arizona
1,943
1,847
1,741
1,649
1,563
1,476
1,409
1,343
1,279
1,224
Arkansas
1,069
1,021
982
941
904
865
827
789
756
725
California
17,149
16,345
15,555
14,796
14,118
13,455
12,786
12,197
11,614
11,067
Colorado
1,973
1,873
1,758
1,656
1,569
1,473
1,409
1,329
1,270
1,207
Connecticut
1,632
1,540
1,463
1,389
1,326
1,268
1,214
1,165
1,111
1,060
Delaware
396
380
363
344
331
317
307
297
288
279
District of Columbia
788
737
714
697
680
679
644
627
595
561
Florida
7,932
7,440
6,918
6,491
6,138
5,798
5,508
5,259
4,992
4,743
Georgia
3,675
3,468
3,304
3,156
3,011
2,881
2,779
2,659
2,561
2,455
Guam
62
54
51
49
48
48
45
42
40
40
Hawaii
516
512
489
473
455
444
431
419
406
397
Idaho
609
582
550
514
486
455
433
404
395
375
Illinois
5,562
5,342
5,086
4,812
4,581
4,313
4,078
3,852
3,705
3,507
Indiana
2,665
2,547
2,434
2,300
2,186
2,064
1,945
1,894
1,780
1,677
Iowa
1,162
1,113
1,077
1,024
987
940
917
882
850
817
Kansas
977
939
899
858
820
774
737
700
669
638
Kentucky
1,542
1,458
1,387
1,352
1,317
1,272
1,238
1,195
1,155
1,111
Louisiana
1,710
1,634
1,561
1,489
1,426
1,369
1,318
1,255
1,205
1,147
Maine
579
542
519
482
463
438
428
407
401
367
Maryland
2,792
2,588
2,520
2,403
2,333
2,262
2,193
2,128
2,062
1,993
Massachusetts
2,609
2,493
2,369
2,238
2,149
2,065
1,991
1,926
1,858
1,797
Michigan
3,719
3,514
3,323
3,113
2,952
2,757
2,619
2,513
2,382
2,240
Minnesota
2,006
1,922
1,826
1,725
1,666
1,583
1,537
1,468
1,419
1,350
Mississippi
1,018
963
922
879
848
813
783
752
723
690
Missouri
2,568
2,465
2,367
2,259
2,162
2,055
1,961
1,866
1,788
1,711
Montana
406
387
371
351
342
327
318
302
295
282
Nebraska
606
584
564
543
521
501
489
474
460
443
Nevada
1,042
972
911
856
809
759
719
691
673
646
New Hampshire
507
470
435
385
366
342
326
312
304
279
New Jersey
3,936
3,734
3,519
3,288
3,112
2,937
2,807
2,700
2,587
2,496
New Mexico
783
754
713
682
651
618
595
569
546
523
New York
6,902
6,557
6,234
5,900
5,653
5,416
5,258
5,099
4,943
4,824
North Carolina
3,715
3,519
3,335
3,189
3,045
2,886
2,779
2,691
2,584
2,474
North Dakota
248
241
233
224
220
213
210
206
204
201
Northern Mariana Isl.
18
17
17
16
16
16
15
15
15
15
Ohio
4,537
4,326
4,124
3,914
3,719
3,515
3,342
3,172
3,100
2,957
Oklahoma
1,267
1,215
1,169
1,117
1,070
1,022
981
939
907
869
Oregon
1,359
1,286
1,210
1,140
1,080
1,003
949
895
881
833
Pennsylvania
5,494
5,243
5,029
4,771
4,571
4,387
4,217
4,055
3,894
3,796
Puerto Rico
786
755
698
610
706
707
689
655
625
583
Rhode Island
302
292
281
270
264
260
255
252
245
240
South Carolina
1,728
1,629
1,561
1,488
1,429
1,368
1,330
1,284
1,236
1,183
South Dakota
261
251
244
233
227
217
212
205
202
197
Tennessee
2,436
2,297
2,170
2,061
1,962
1,846
1,774
1,681
1,599
1,512
Texas
9,020
8,673
8,307
7,999
7,678
7,360
7,046
6,725
6,431
6,159
Utah
811
776
725
690
657
614
586
554
529
502
Vermont
323
289
299
280
265
253
245
237
234
218
Virgin Islands
62
61
59
57
59
58
56
53
49
49
Virginia
3,422
3,265
3,160
3,050
2,944
2,811
2,705
2,633
2,518
2,432
Washington
2,509
2,367
2,211
2,071
1,962
1,815
1,722
1,621
1,572
1,492
West Virginia
752
714
677
637
606
628
603
588
580
559
Wisconsin
2,336
2,246
2,156
2,051
1,970
1,874
1,807
1,715
1,665
1,589
Wyoming
218
209
200
190
183
175
168
160
153
146
Total
124,606
118,496
112,748
107,018
102,395
97,497
93,394
89,428
85,849
82,115
Some previously published data have been revised.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 25

Table 15

Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State

as of December 31, 2012
(In Thousands)

CLEC-owned local

VoIP

State

Resold LEC service

ILEC UNEs

Total

loops

Subscriptions1

Alabama
94
151
89
339
673
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
146
88
319
725
1,278
Arkansas
25
19
63
159
266
California
1,094
528
497
3,999
6,117
Colorado
158
142
69
694
1,063
Connecticut
58
48
85
650
840
Delaware
31
20
1
131
183
District of Columbia
155
42
35
130
362
Florida
570
574
266
2,642
4,052
Georgia
234
387
158
870
1,649
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
28
3
17
112
159
Idaho
19
25
27
97
168
Illinois
263
229
117
1,425
2,033
Indiana
66
66
83
559
773
Iowa
46
37
86
203
372
Kansas
40
35
112
250
437
Kentucky
79
72
67
292
510
Louisiana
86
102
83
398
669
Maine
23
58
59
159
298
Maryland
242
133
79
669
1,123
Massachusetts
298
197
324
1,178
1,996
Michigan
105
197
50
1,252
1,604
Minnesota
121
202
135
647
1,105
Mississippi
39
35
8
145
228
Missouri
61
121
54
392
629
Montana
7
10
25
109
151
Nebraska
69
9
115
158
351
Nevada
69
37
19
386
512
New Hampshire
37
47
25
287
396
New Jersey
352
173
296
1,765
2,585
New Mexico
32
11
21
131
195
New York
693
453
631
3,473
5,250
North Carolina
274
295
132
1,005
1,706
North Dakota
4
16
60
42
122
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
151
171
183
1,141
1,646
Oklahoma
77
52
124
351
604
Oregon
55
121
55
468
699
Pennsylvania
495
414
428
1,538
2,875
Puerto Rico
12
*
*
134
239
Rhode Island
31
17
140
124
312
South Carolina
104
115
72
377
667
South Dakota
9
6
120
77
211
Tennessee
190
244
136
595
1,165
Texas
362
439
263
1,739
2,804
Utah
53
69
29
334
485
Vermont
7
19
16
86
129
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
318
163
227
862
1,570
Washington
101
186
85
963
1,334
West Virginia
36
53
15
185
289
Wisconsin
53
176
48
563
840
Wyoming
5
7
5
69
86
Total
7,682
6,881
6,296
35,097
55,957
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 26

Table 16

Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

Provided to Residential Customers by State as of December 31, 2012

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total

Alabama
64%
52%
60%
Alaska
48
*
*
American Samoa
44
NA
44
Arizona
57
55
56
Arkansas
61
50
58
California
54
53
54
Colorado
60
53
56
Connecticut
57
72
63
Delaware
58
68
62
District of Columbia
19
18
19
Florida
60
57
59
Georgia
57
47
53
Guam
55
*
*
Hawaii
52
57
53
Idaho
60
47
56
Illinois
52
61
55
Indiana
59
69
62
Iowa
64
53
60
Kansas
57
56
56
Kentucky
61
62
61
Louisiana
59
55
57
Maine
71
50
62
Maryland
56
55
56
Massachusetts
56
57
56
Michigan
54
75
62
Minnesota
67
47
58
Mississippi
59
64
60
Missouri
62
52
59
Montana
62
59
61
Nebraska
56
51
54
Nevada
57
57
57
New Hampshire
65
68
67
New Jersey
57
60
58
New Mexico
63
53
61
New York
58
57
57
North Carolina
61
51
57
North Dakota
65
41
55
Northern Mariana Isl.
47
NA
47
Ohio
59
62
60
Oklahoma
59
60
59
Oregon
63
59
61
Pennsylvania
65
52
59
Puerto Rico
74
44
65
Rhode Island
68
49
57
South Carolina
63
54
60
South Dakota
62
67
64
Tennessee
62
48
56
Texas
55
52
54
Utah
58
44
51
Vermont
69
66
68
Virgin Islands
63
*
*
Virginia
59
46
54
Washington
61
66
63
West Virginia
66
64
65
Wisconsin
56
62
58
Wyoming
48
62
53
Nationwide
58
56
57
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not applicable.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 27

Table 17

Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State

as of December 31, 2012

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total1

VoIP Providers2

Alabama
20
130
143
105
Alaska
17
25
41
25
American Samoa
1
0
1
0
Arizona
15
128
139
112
Arkansas
20
94
110
76
California
15
185
196
157
Colorado
26
146
169
121
Connecticut
2
108
108
93
Delaware
1
86
87
72
District of Columbia
1
90
91
73
Florida
10
216
221
168
Georgia
27
180
197
141
Guam
1
6
7
5
Hawaii
2
45
46
41
Idaho
18
85
97
72
Illinois
44
186
219
144
Indiana
29
137
157
105
Iowa
134
130
235
82
Kansas
39
120
145
95
Kentucky
17
134
143
106
Louisiana
10
114
118
89
Maine
7
71
75
56
Maryland
2
146
146
119
Massachusetts
4
133
134
109
Michigan
25
138
154
110
Minnesota
47
131
163
100
Mississippi
13
103
110
81
Missouri
31
125
148
98
Montana
17
73
83
57
Nebraska
30
89
111
67
Nevada
12
103
113
92
New Hampshire
6
90
96
75
New Jersey
3
151
151
125
New Mexico
16
91
100
72
New York
26
171
185
141
North Carolina
19
155
165
122
North Dakota
23
64
80
44
Northern Mariana Isl
1
0
1
0
Ohio
33
156
179
124
Oklahoma
38
102
135
77
Oregon
23
120
139
98
Pennsylvania
22
170
183
143
Puerto Rico
1
19
19
17
Rhode Island
1
77
78
60
South Carolina
17
128
134
97
South Dakota
29
63
83
49
Tennessee
18
140
153
111
Texas
51
214
247
158
Utah
13
95
105
80
Vermont
7
69
75
59
Virgin Islands
1
4
5
4
Virginia
15
141
150
118
Washington
16
143
155
124
West Virginia
6
89
92
78
Wisconsin
40
138
162
102
Wyoming
9
77
81
61
Nationwide
753
913
1,442
591
1 Providers that report both ILEC and non-ILEC operations in a state are counted once in the ILECs column and once in the Non-ILECs column
and once in the Total column for that state. Either type of operations might report interconnected VoIP subscribers.
2 The providers reporting interconnected VoIP subscribers in a state are a subset of the ILECs and non-ILECs in that state.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 28

Table 18

Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers

Dec 2012

Subscribers (In Thousands)

State

%
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Carriers Resold 1 Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Alabama
10
16 %
3,887
3,960
4,003
4,228
4,211
4,328
4,350
4,486
4,545
4,549
Alaska
11
5
480
383
544
586
590
608
619
634
642
649
American Samoa
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Arizona
9
11
4,936
4,983
5,005
5,101
5,268
5,285
5,402
5,523
5,686
5,774
Arkansas
8
25
2,446
2,530
2,576
2,519
2,485
2,673
2,773
3,155
3,185
2,963
California
14
5
31,946
32,177
32,215
32,938
33,548
33,839
34,299
34,835
35,103
35,616
Colorado
12
9
4,066
4,311
4,357
4,503
4,647
4,687
4,705
4,759
4,817
4,878
Connecticut
8
8
2,959
3,030
3,047
3,123
3,192
3,230
3,305
3,353
3,379
3,418
Delaware
9
9
775
778
779
803
859
851
881
892
899
903
District of Columbia
7
10
1,047
1,096
1,116
1,183
1,227
1,249
1,273
1,346
1,376
1,400
Florida
11
10
15,809
16,158
16,425
16,744
16,895
17,251
17,613
17,893
18,135
18,369
Georgia
12
16
8,142
8,322
8,562
8,863
8,869
9,063
9,137
9,647
10,051
10,054
Guam
5
2
*
*
*
*
*
*
139
*
154
153
Hawaii
7
6
1,115
1,184
1,196
1,216
1,248
1,252
1,274
1,295
1,313
1,339
Idaho
12
8
1,125
1,167
1,180
1,221
1,269
1,277
1,293
1,321
1,346
1,363
Illinois
14
13
10,634
10,919
11,070
11,523
11,604
12,057
12,259
12,689
12,898
12,859
Indiana
12
13
4,824
4,956
4,983
5,205
5,289
5,410
5,496
5,572
5,670
5,786
Iowa
67
10
2,245
2,319
2,336
2,432
2,466
2,535
2,559
2,654
2,714
2,777
Kansas
12
17
2,326
2,421
2,430
2,466
2,491
2,560
2,570
2,649
2,686
2,696
Kentucky
11
15
3,343
3,445
3,439
3,631
3,654
3,726
3,754
3,810
3,879
3,976
Louisiana
12
18
3,896
4,012
4,053
3,993
3,953
4,340
4,876
5,412
5,336
4,898
Maine
7
24
972
1,012
1,006
1,065
1,040
1,124
1,090
1,176
1,192
1,204
Maryland
10
15
5,124
5,234
5,260
5,323
5,500
5,560
5,665
6,018
6,146
6,116
Massachusetts
7
10
5,624
5,749
6,027
6,171
6,367
6,316
6,419
6,522
6,626
6,703
Michigan
10
15
7,821
8,027
8,171
8,576
8,690
8,861
9,391
9,239
9,292
9,598
Minnesota
10
13
4,164
4,345
4,254
4,439
4,611
4,704
4,782
4,934
5,063
5,154
Mississippi
9
14
2,252
2,312
2,361
2,345
2,322
2,440
2,516
2,656
2,718
2,656
Missouri
11
15
4,835
4,940
4,985
5,129
5,141
5,309
5,458
5,627
5,708
5,668
Montana
9
15
723
748
707
802
783
846
803
862
880
888
Nebraska
12
9
1,451
1,496
1,508
1,515
1,566
1,523
1,542
1,646
1,668
1,675
Nevada
10
13
2,249
2,268
2,325
2,393
2,417
2,453
2,490
2,556
2,595
2,611
New Hampshire
9
14
1,045
1,080
1,075
1,125
1,141
1,170
1,171
1,204
1,212
1,225
New Jersey
9
7
7,834
8,008
8,036
8,158
8,624
8,601
8,786
8,915
8,933
9,015
New Mexico
10
8
1,555
1,536
1,550
1,624
1,668
1,689
1,662
1,687
1,716
1,737
New York
11
12
17,260
16,702
18,193
18,882
19,303
19,504
19,938
20,199
20,387
20,715
North Carolina
14
13
7,428
8,024
7,865
8,108
8,259
8,526
8,513
9,102
9,206
8,983
North Dakota
9
11
541
581
562
618
590
623
615
640
666
683
Northern Mariana Isl.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
12
13
9,357
9,565
9,456
10,059
10,236
10,511
10,936
11,118
11,381
11,549
Oklahoma
15
23
2,808
2,889
2,988
3,077
3,109
3,188
3,259
3,429
3,593
3,940
Oregon
9
9
3,007
3,084
3,112
3,235
3,297
3,340
3,355
3,420
3,456
3,519
Pennsylvania
15
13
9,895
10,214
10,455
10,867
11,070
11,424
11,401
11,576
11,704
11,956
Puerto Rico
6
9
2,502
2,624
2,706
2,807
2,879
3,014
3,004
2,989
2,969
3,047
Rhode Island
7
16
874
888
880
893
906
920
935
957
999
1,050
South Carolina
15
17
3,573
3,323
3,702
3,896
3,848
3,935
3,987
3,781
3,901
4,326
South Dakota
9
12
611
631
613
681
681
728
690
724
741
750
Tennessee
11
13
5,791
5,518
5,676
5,914
6,041
6,193
6,236
6,368
6,445
6,484
Texas
20
8
20,390
21,008
21,403
21,849
22,201
23,030
23,482
23,721
24,102
24,553
Utah
9
6
2,046
2,095
2,109
2,166
2,220
2,251
2,276
2,326
2,368
2,409
Vermont
6
18
421
435
398
463
431
485
471
507
519
518
Virgin Islands
4
13
*
*
*
*
*
*
117
117
*
113
Virginia
10
10
6,242
6,856
6,596
7,250
7,440
7,595
7,622
7,774
7,839
7,914
Washington
10
9
5,461
5,624
5,671
5,816
5,965
6,022
6,118
6,248
6,314
6,424
West Virginia
9
23
1,236
1,295
1,315
1,401
1,406
1,500
1,506
1,650
1,671
1,603
Wisconsin
14
13
3,966
4,265
4,317
4,546
4,599
4,730
4,895
4,929
4,949
5,043
Wyoming
10
11
457
484
429
517
501
526
514
532
541
545
Nationwide
180
11 %
255,729
261,284
265,332
274,283
278,918
285,118
290,318
297,268
301,521
304,881
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. December 2011 and June 2012 data have been revised to remove subscribers inappropriately reported by mobile wireless
resellers and therefore double counted in the data. Consequently, December 2012 carrier counts are somewhat lower than recently published carrier counts.
1 Percentage of mobile telephony subscribers purchasing their service subscriptions from a mobile wireless reseller.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 29

Table 19

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

Number of

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Zero
18.3 %
7.7 %
8.7 %
9.3 %
7.1 %
6.9 %
7.2 %
7.6 %
7.6 %
6.9 %
One
11.6
9.2
10.1
10.1
8.7
8.6
8.7
8.0
7.6
7.4
Two
8.6
7.8
7.9
7.6
7.4
7.6
7.6
6.5
6.6
6.3
Three
6.3
6.4
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
5.8
5.8
5.6
Four
5.0
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.5
5.5
5.3
5.1
5.0
Five
4.1
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.7
5.0
5.1
4.6
4.7
4.6
Six
3.5
4.2
4.0
3.8
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.1
4.3
Seven
3.2
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
4.0
3.6
3.7
3.8
Eight
3.0
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2
Nine
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.0
Ten or More
33.6
44.7
44.0
44.0
46.6
45.7
44.8
47.7
48.3
49.9

Table 20

Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Number of

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Zero
2.6 %
0.4 %
0.5 %
0.6 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
0.0 %
One
2.4
0.9
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.4
Two
2.4
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.1
1.1
0.8
0.8
0.6
Three
2.4
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.0
0.7
Four
2.2
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.8
Five
2.2
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.2
0.9
Six
2.1
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.0
Seven
2.3
1.8
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.7
1.3
1.3
1.2
Eight
2.8
1.7
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.3
Nine
2.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.2
Ten or More
75.9
86.6
86.2
86.1
87.9
87.4
87.6
89.4
89.5
92.0
Demographic data were created by geographically merging contemporaneous TomTom ZIP Code Boundary and Inventory Files with census block
group-level population data from Census. Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 An affiliate entity that reports both CLEC end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscribers in a state reports a single list of ZIP
Codes in which it has any such customers and is counted once in each listed ZIP Code.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 30

Table 21

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State

as of December 31, 2012

Number of Providers

State

One -

Ten or

Zero

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Three

More

Alabama
4 %
17 %
4 %
3 %
3 %
4 %
4 %
4 %
57 %
Alaska
56
29
1
2

2
1
1

0
7
Arizona
5
12
4
2

3
2
3

2
68
Arkansas
14
38
7
6

3
5
3

2
21
California
1
8
3
3

4
3
2

3
72
Colorado
8
21
6
3

2
2
2

2
55
Connecticut
0
3
3
3
2
3
3

6
76
Delaware
0
2
3
0
2
3
3

3
83
District of Columbia
0
7
14
0
0
0
0

0
79
Florida
0
2
1
2
2
2
1

2
87
Georgia
2
12
4
5
4
4
4

4
60
Hawaii
2
16
10
3
8
4
3

4
49
Idaho
7
33
8
5
5
6
4

3
30
Illinois
5
23
8
5
5
4
3

2
43
Indiana
3
16
7
7
6
5
4

4
48
Iowa
26
40
5
4
4
3
1

1
15
Kansas
15
37
6
4
5
3
3

2
26
Kentucky
6
28
6
5
7
6
5

5
33
Louisiana
2
17
5
5
4
4
2

3
57
Maine
6
21
9
8
6
7
6

7
31
Maryland
0
3
3
3
5
4
3

4
74
Massachusetts
0
3
2
1
2
2
1

2
86
Michigan
1
10
5
6
5
6
4

4
59
Minnesota
12
32
7
5
4
3
2

2
33
Mississippi
1
10
4
5
5
5
5

4
60
Missouri
17
31
6
5
4
3
3

2
29
Montana
34
38
4
3
2
2
2

1
15
Nebraska
19
46
6
5
3
2
2

2
15
Nevada
5
18
2
5
2
3
3

3
60
New Hampshire
0
3
2
5
6
6
10

3
66
New Jersey
0
0
0
0
1
1
2

2
93
New Mexico
19
32
6
6
3
2
3

2
27
New York
1
10
3
4
4
4
4

4
65
North Carolina
1
11
6
5
4
4
4

4
61
North Dakota
43
45
2
1
1
1
1

0
6
Ohio
0
6
5
5
6
6
5

4
62
Oklahoma
13
26
5
4
4
4
3

2
39
Oregon
7
22
5
6
5
5
2

3
45
Pennsylvania
1
15
6
6
6
3
5

3
55
Puerto Rico
0
7
8
6
16
20
13

16
14
Rhode Island
0
5
5
4
3
4
1

9
68
South Carolina
3
12
3
5
2
4
2

3
66
South Dakota
38
45
2
3
1
1
2

1
9
Tennessee
2
16
4
5
5
3
3

3
57
Texas
5
17
4
4
3
3
3

2
58
Utah
8
27
3
5
4
3
2

2
48
Vermont
2
32
6
10
4
8
4

6
27
Virginia
3
19
6
7
5
5
4

3
48
Washington
4
18
5
4
3
2
3

3
58
West Virginia
5
27
12
7
8
7
5

3
25
Wisconsin
6
29
7
6
6
4
3

3
37
Wyoming
13
49
4
3
4
2
3

2
19
Nationwide
7 %
19 %
5 %
5 %
4 %
4 %
3 %
3 %

50 %
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 31

Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs

by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code as of December 31, 2012

Symbology

Number of Reporting Providers

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
Zero Delivery Areas
A l a s k a
The data in this map represent the number of service providers
reporting they have at least one business or residential voice
customer in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or
interconnected VoIP (excluding ILEC connections).
Sources: FCC Form 477 and TomTom Multinet Post 2012.12.u03.
Prepared by the Federal Communications Commission,
Wireline Competition Bureau, Industry Analysis and Technology Division
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 32


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at www.fcc.gov/form477.

See Glossary for definitions of terms used in this report.

Counting lines and subscribers


 Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions as the
maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user’s location under
the purchased service plan. All VoIP subscriptions discussed in this report are interconnected
VoIP subscriptions.

 Form 477 data may not count all VoIP phone connections to Internet Protocol Private Branch
Exchange (IP PBX) equipment that is owned by business end users because of the variety of
ways the IP PBX may connect to the public switched telephone network.

Holding company-subsidiary relationships

 When counting service providers who have any retail customers in a particular geography (for
example, a state or a ZIP Code), we count a holding company or common-control entity no more
than once in any specified sub-category of total providers.

 Nationwide counts of providers are unique counts for any specified sub-category of total
providers (for example, all non-ILECs or all interconnected VoIP providers); an entity operating
in multiple states is counted only once.

ILEC-CLEC affiliations


 Lines from CLECs who have ILEC affiliates are handled at the state level in one of several ways.
We place the lines into the non-ILEC category if the affiliate is an ILEC other than AT&T or
Verizon. Lines from CLEC affiliates of AT&T and Verizon are allocated between the ILEC and
non-ILEC categories based on staff estimates if the CLEC operates in the AT&T or Verizon
ILEC service area in the state, respectively.

ZIP Code-based information



 Wireline service providers report whether they have at least one residential or business customer
in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or interconnected VoIP. This contrasts with the
census tract-based broadband reporting requirements the Commission adopted in 2008.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 33

 The report includes summary statistics of the presence of competitors to the ILEC, or ILECs, in
individual ZIP Codes. These entities are CLECs or interconnected VoIP providers who are not
affiliated with the ILEC, or ILECs, who serve end users in that ZIP Code. However, because
providers may not offer service across an entire ZIP Code and because different providers may
target different customer segments in areas where they provide service, we cannot conclude that
the number of providers identified as delivering wireline service within a ZIP Code represents the
number of options available to any specific customer within that ZIP Code. We further note that
these data on the number of providers in a ZIP Code do not indicate whether a particular provider
is offering service solely over its own last-mile facilities or is using the facilities of another carrier
or entity.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 34

Glossary


Term Definition

Broadband bundle
The purchase, from the same or affiliated retailers, of interconnected
VoIP service and broadband Internet access service, either for a single
price or for separate prices.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system at broadband speeds.
Circuit switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which a
transmission path is established for dedicated use by a communication;
the basis of the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
CLEC
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier: A new LEC that operates within
the service area of an ILEC.
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop, typically using copper
facilities, that frequently is used to offer customers access to the Internet
at broadband speeds.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities that use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Fixed wireless service
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
FTTP or FTTH
Fiber to the Premises (Home): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer’s premises (home).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ILEC
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier: A company or cooperative that was
providing telephone service in a localized area, typically on a monopoly
basis, prior to enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
Internet protocol or IP
A language and set of formal rules that govern how packets transit the
Internet.
Interconnected VoIP or
A service that enables real-time, two-way voice communications; requires
iVoIP
a broadband connection from the user’s location; requires Internet-
protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and permits users
generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone
network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
LEC
Local Exchange Carrier: A company that provides telephone service
within a localized area and access services that connect its customers to
long-distance (Interexchange Carrier) networks.
Local loop
The physical connection between the customer’s premises and the
telephone company’s local switching office, typically provided using
copper, fiber, or a combination of copper and fiber facilities.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Nomadic interconnected
A service whose terms allow use over any broadband connection
VoIP
available to the subscriber (such as at a hotel or vacation residence); by
contrast, a non-nomadic service subscription must be used over a single
predetermined broadband connection.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 35


Non-ILEC
Any provider of communications services who does not have ILEC
regulatory status.
Other ILEC
An ILEC who is not an RBOC.
Other wireline
All copper-wire based transmission technologies other than DSL
technologies; Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
OTT
Over-the-top: Interconnected VoIP service provided by entities that
neither own nor operate telecommunications facilities.
Packet switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which the
information is disassembled into discrete packets that are transmitted
independently and later reassembled; IP is an example.
PBX
Private Branch Exchange: A telephone switch that is owned or leased by
the telephone company’s customer and generally located on the
customer’s premises.
Retail local telephone
Retail switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions.
service
Retail switched access lines Switched access lines for which an end user is the customer.
Standalone interconnected
The purchase of interconnected VoIP service without the purchase of
VoIP
broadband Internet access service from the same retailer, or from an
affiliated retailer.
Special access circuit
A dedicated, non-switched circuit (connection or line) provided by an
ILEC, commonly used to connect an end user to another communications
service provider; also frequently used by wireless service providers to
connect cell towers to mobile switching centers (MSCs).
Switched access line
A service connection between an end user and the local telephone
company’s switch; the basis of plain old telephone service (POTS).
Total ILEC lines
The sum of ILEC-reported retail switched access lines, interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, wholesale switched access lines, and UNEs provided
to CLECs.
UNE
Unbundled Network Element: A physical or functional element of an
ILEC network that must be provided to a CLEC at a cost-based price, as
provide for in the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
UNE-L
UNE-Loop: An ILEC unbundled local loop provided to a CLEC at a
cost-base price.
UNE-P
UNE-Platform: The combination of ILEC unbundled local loop,
switching, and transport, provided to a CLEC at cost-based prices.
Wholesale switched access
Local telephone service provided to an unaffiliated telephone company,
lines
which resells the service to end users; typically provided by an ILEC to a
CLEC.
ZIP Code
A five-digit geographical ZIP Code.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012 36

Customer Response

Publication: Local Telephone Competition: Status as of December 31, 2012

You can help us provide the best possible information to the public by completing this form and returning it
to the Industry Analysis and Technology Division of the FCC's Wireline Competition Bureau.

1.
Please check the category that best describes you:

____
press

____
current telecommunications carrier

____
potential telecommunications carrier

____
business customer evaluating vendors/service options

____
consultant, law firm, lobbyist

____
other business customer

____
academic/student

____
residential customer

____
FCC employee

____
other federal government employee

____
state or local government employee

____
Other (please specify)

2.
Please rate the report: Excellent Good Satisfactory Poor No opinion

Data accuracy
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Data presentation
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Timeliness of data
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Completeness of data
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Text clarity

(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

Completeness of text
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

3.
Overall, how do you Excellent Good Satisfactory Poor No opinion

rate this report?
(_)
(_)
(_)
(_) (_)

4.
How can this report be improved?




5.
May we contact you to discuss possible improvements?

Name:

Telephone #:

To discuss the information in this report, contact: 202-418-0940
or for users of TTY equipment, call 202-418-0484
Fax this response to
or
Mail this response to
202-418-0520

FCC/WCB/IATD, Mail Stop 1600 F
Washington, DC 20554



5353

Note: We are currently transitioning our documents into web compatible formats for easier reading. We have done our best to supply this content to you in a presentable form, but there may be some formatting issues while we improve the technology. The original version of the document is available as a PDF, Word Document, or as plain text.

close
FCC

You are leaving the FCC website

You are about to leave the FCC website and visit a third-party, non-governmental website that the FCC does not maintain or control. The FCC does not endorse any product or service, and is not responsible for, nor can it guarantee the validity or timeliness of the content on the page you are about to visit. Additionally, the privacy policies of this third-party page may differ from those of the FCC.