Skip Navigation

Federal Communications Commission

English Display Options

Commission Document

West Carolina Telephone LMDS Construction Extension Denial Order

Download Options

Released: November 8, 2012

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, D.C. 20554

In re Matter of
)
)

WEST CAROLINA RURAL TELEPHONE
)
File Nos. 0005234243, 0005234239
COOPERATIVE, INC.
)
)

Requests for Extension of Time, or in the
)
alternative, Limited Waiver of Substantial Service )
Requirements for Local Multipoint Distribution
)
Service Stations WPOK279 and WPOK280
)
)

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Adopted: November 7, 2012

Released: November 8, 2012

By the Deputy Chief, Broadband Division, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau:

I.

INTRODUCTION

1.
In this Memorandum Opinion and Order, we deny West Carolina Rural Telephone
Cooperative Inc.’s (“West Carolina”) requests for extension of time to demonstrate compliance with the
substantial service requirements for its two Local Multipoint Distribution Service (“LMDS”) licenses for
Stations WPOK279 and WPOK280 (collectively ‘the Licenses”), as well as its associated requests for
waiver of the June 1, 2012 substantial service deadline. Given our denial of these requests, these licenses
automatically terminated, by operation of Commission rule, as of June 1, 2012.

II.

BACKGROUND

2.
In 1997, the Commission allocated 1,300 megahertz of LMDS spectrum in each basic
trading area (“BTA”) across the United States.1 Specifically, the Commission allocated two LMDS


1 See Rulemaking to Amend Parts 1, 2, 21, and 25 of the Commission’s Rules to Redesignate the 27.5 GHz
Frequency Band, to Reallocate the 29.5-30.0 GHz Frequency Band, to Establish Rules and Policies For Local
Multipoint Distribution Service and For Fixed Satellite Services, CC Docket No. 92-297, Second Report and Order,
Order on Reconsideration and Fifth Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
, 12 FCC Rcd 12545, 12605 ¶ 136 (1997)
(”Second LMDS Report and Order”); see also Rand McNally Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide 36-39 (123rd
ed. 1992). Rand McNally is the copyright owner of the Major Trading Area (MTA) and BTA Listings, which list
the BTAs contained in each MTA and the counties within each BTA, as embodied in Rand McNally’s Trading Area
System MTA/BTA Diskette, and geographically represented in the map contained in Rand McNally’s Commercial
Atlas & Marketing Guide. The conditional use of Rand McNally copyrighted material by interested persons is
authorized under a blanket license agreement dated February 10, 1994 and covers use by LMDS applicants. This
agreement requires authorized users of the material to include a legend on reproductions (as specified in the license
agreement) indicating Rand McNally ownership. The Commission has allocated the LMDS for operations in a total
of 493 BTAs throughout the nation.

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

licenses per BTA – an “A Block” and a “B Block” license in each.2 The A Block license is comprised of
1,150 megahertz of total bandwidth, and the B Block license is comprised of 150 megahertz of total
bandwidth.3 The A Block consists of the sub bands 27.50-28.35 GHz (the A1 Band); 29.10-29.25 GHz
(the A2 Band); and 31.075-31.225 GHz (the A3 Band).4 The B Block consists of the sub bands 31.00-
31.075 (the B1 Band) and 31.225-31.30 GHz (the B2 Band).5 The same entity may hold the licenses for
both the A and B Blocks of spectrum in an individual BTA, but each license is auctioned and licensed
separately.
3.
LMDS licensees are regulated under Part 101, which generally governs terrestrial
microwave operations, and may provide any service consistent with the Commission’s rules and the
licensee’s regulatory status,6 subject to a ten-year term from the initial license grant date.7 At the end of
the ten-year period, licensees are required to submit an acceptable showing to the Commission
demonstrating that they are providing “substantial service” in each licensed area.8 Failure by any licensee
to meet this requirement will result in forfeiture of the license and the licensee will be ineligible to regain
it.9
4.
The final LMDS band allocation was adopted by the Commission on March 20, 1997.10
Since allocating the LMDS spectrum, the Commission has thus far held two LMDS auctions: Auction 17
and Auction 23.11 Auction No. 17, the first LMDS auction, began on February 18, 1998, and closed on
March 25, 1998.12 Auction No. 23, the second LMDS auction, began on April 27, 1999, and closed on


2 See Second LMDS Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd at 12556 ¶ 12.
3 See id.
4 See 47 C.F.R. § 101.1005.
5 See id.
6 See 47 C.F.R. § 101.1013(b).
7 See Second LMDS Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd at 12657 ¶ 259. Pursuant to 47 C.F.R. § 101.67, LMDS
licenses are issued for a period not to exceed ten years, subject to renewal upon demonstration of substantial service.
8 See 47 C.F.R. § 101.1011(a); see also Second LMDS Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd at 12658 ¶¶ 261-262.
9 See 47 C.F.R. § 101.1011(a).
10 See Second LMDS Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd at 12556 ¶ 13; see also Rulemaking to Amend Parts 1, 2, 21,
and 25 of the Commission’s Rules to Redesignate the 27.5 GHz Frequency Band, to Reallocate the 29.5-30.0 GHz
Frequency Band, to Establish Rules and Policies For Local Multipoint Distribution Service and For Fixed Satellite
Services, CC Docket No. 92-297, First Report and Order and Fourth Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 11 FCC Rcd
19005, 19025 ¶ 45 (1996) (allocating the initial 1 gigahertz of spectrum for LMDS and seeking comment on the
allocation of an additional 300 megahertz of spectrum at 31.0-31.3 GHz).
11 See, e.g., LMDS Auction Closes, Public Notice, 13 FCC Rcd 18217 (1998) (Auction 17 Closing PN); Local
Multipoint Distribution Service Auction Closes, Public Notice, 14 FCC Rcd 8543 (1999) (Auction 23 Closing PN).
12 See FCC Announces Spectrum Auction Schedule for 1998, Public Notice, 12 FCC Rcd 19726 (1997); Auction 17
Closing PN,
13 FCC Rcd at 18217.

2

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

May 12, 1999.13 West Carolina won the Licenses in Auction No. 23.14 The licenses for these stations
were granted on August 6, 1999.15
5.
West Carolina was originally required to demonstrate substantial service by August 6,
2009, or 10 years after the initial license grant date.16 On June 13, 2007, West Carolina filed applications
for an extension of time to demonstrate substantial service for its LMDS licenses.17 On April 11, 2008,
the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (the “Bureau”) granted the requests for extension of the
construction deadlines filed by a large group of LMDS licensees – including West Carolina – to extend
their deadlines to meet the substantial service requirements to June 1, 2012, resulting in a nearly four-year
construction extension for each of these licensees.18 The Bureau found that these LMDS licensees faced
factors beyond their control, including difficulties in obtaining viable and affordable equipment, that
warranted an extension.19 In making this finding, the Bureau noted that the licensees seeking relief from
the construction deadlines represented a majority of LMDS licensees for whom buildout requirements
were approaching, and that they all faced these same basic obstacles to timely construction.20 Thus, these
obstacles were not a product of an individual licensee’s short-sightedness or its unfortunate business
decisions; rather, the difficulties in procuring the basic equipment necessary for LMDS operations were
widespread, stemming from the state of the market. Based on the record evidence, the Bureau anticipated
that various developments in the market – arising in large part from the rollout of new services that could
provide opportunities for LMDS operations – would help rectify these difficulties. Thus, the Bureau
found that West Carolina and others could potentially use their LMDS licenses to provide wireless
backhaul services to licensees in the 700 MHz band, the Advanced Wireless Services-1 (“AWS-1”) band,
and other bands suitable for mobile broadband service, all of which at that time had recently been
auctioned, licensed, or put into use.21 The Bureau anticipated that these bands would develop robustly,
along with other mobile and fixed wireless services, and that resulting opportunities for associated LMDS
service (such as wireless backhaul) would help spur production of equipment designed for LMDS use and
thus facilitate timely construction by West Carolina and the other LMDS licensees, under the extended
buildout deadline set by the Bureau.22
6. On May 15, 2012, West Carolina filed applications pursuant to Section 1.946(e) of the
Commission’s Rules seeking a further eighteen month extension of time until December 1, 2013, to


13 See Local Multipoint Distribution Service Spectrum Re-Auction of 168 Licenses Scheduled for April 27, 1999;
Application Filing Deadline, Public Notice, 13 FCC Rcd 22523 (1998).

14 Local Multipoint Distribution Service Auction Closes, Public Notice, 14 FCC Rcd 8543 (1999) (Auction 23
Closing PN
).
15 File No. 0000014558 (granted Aug. 6, 1999); see also FCC Announces the Conditional Grant of 127 Local
Multipoint Distribution Service Licenses, Public Notice, 14 FCC Rcd 13200 (WTB 1999). The licenses in question
are WPOK279 (Anderson, SC), and WPOK280 (Greenwood, SC).
16 See Second LMDS Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd at 12657 ¶ 259.
17 File Nos. 0003068176, 0003068177 (filed Jun. 13, 2007).
18 Applications filed by Licensees in the Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS) Seeking Waivers of Section
101.1011 of the Commission’s Rules and Extensions of Time to Construct and Demonstrate Substantial Service,
Memorandum Opinion and Order, 23 FCC Rcd 5894 (WTB 2008) (LMDS Order).
19 LMDS Order, 23 FCC Rcd at 5905 ¶ 24.
20 Id.
21 Id. at 5905 ¶ 25.
22 Id.
3

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

construct the Licenses.23 Invoking the Commission’s general waiver authority under Section 1.925 of the
Commission’s Rules, West Carolina alternatively seeks a waiver of Section 101.1011(a) of the
Commission’s Rules, as a means of extending the construction deadline applicable to the licenses until
December 1, 2013.24 West Carolina argues that its ability to deploy point-to-point backhaul links has
been hindered by difficulties in obtaining viable, affordable equipment and by the lack of demand for
such services in West Carolina’s rural LMDS areas.25 West Carolina further argues that “while it could
use precious resources to construct a system only to ‘save’ the Licenses, such an action would be wasteful
and inefficient as the availability and effectiveness of LMDS equipment continues to evolve.”26

III.

DISCUSSION

7.
We find that West Carolina has not justified a grant of an extension of time, or a waiver
of the construction deadline, for its LMDS licenses. And without such extension or waiver, West
Carolina’s LMDS licenses have automatically cancelled, by operation of Sections 1.946(c) and
1.955(a)(2) of the Commission’s Rules, as of June 1, 2012.27 We discuss these findings in detail below.

A.

Extension Requests

8.
West Carolina requests a further eighteen month extension of time, until December 1,
2013, to demonstrate substantial service.28 As noted above, this is the second extension that West
Carolina has requested for constructing these licenses. To be eligible for an extension of time to
construct, West Carolina must show that its “failure to meet the construction deadline is due to
involuntary loss of site or other causes beyond its control.” 29 We conclude that West Carolina has not
met this threshold.
9.
Although West Carolina argues that it has not constructed because its ability to deploy
point-to-point backhaul links has been hindered by difficulties in obtaining viable, affordable equipment
and by the lack of demand for such services in West Carolina’s rural LMDS areas, it nevertheless
indicates that it could have built out, but chose not to.30 West Carolina explains that it chose not to use its
“precious resources to construct a system only to ‘save’ the Licenses,” which would be wasteful and
inefficient as the availability and effectiveness of LMDS equipment continues to evolve.31 This choice,


23 See File Nos. 0005234239, 0005234243 (filed May 25, 2012) (Extension Applications). With each Extension
Application, West Carolina filed an exhibit entitled “Request for Limited Waiver and Extension” (Extension and
Waiver Request).
24 Extension and Waiver Request at 1.
25 Extension and Waiver Request at 2.
26 Extension and Waiver Request at 2.
27 47 C.F.R. §§ 1.946(c) (providing that if a licensee in the Wireless Radio Services fails to commence service or
operations by the expiration of its construction period or to meet its coverage or substantial service obligations by
the expiration of its coverage period, its authorization terminates automatically, without specific Commission action,
on the date the construction or coverage period expires) and 1.955(a)(2) (cross-referencing Section 1.946(c) and
reiterating that authorizations in the Wireless Radio Services automatically terminate without specific Commission
action, if the licensee fails to meet applicable construction or coverage requirements).
28 Extension and Waiver Request at 1.
29 47 C.F.R. § 1.946(e)(1).
30 Extension and Waiver Request at 2.
31 Extension and Waiver Request at 2.
4

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

however, constitutes a business decision, which the Commission has consistently found are not
circumstances beyond the licensee’s control and are therefore not an appropriate basis for regulatory
relief.32 In view of this precedent, we find that none of the factors cited by West Carolina demonstrate
that its failure to construct was caused by circumstances beyond its control.
10.
First, we find that the pace of the development of the market for LMDS equipment
wireless backhaul, by itself, does not justify granting an extension, because West Carolina has had other
ways to develop its service independent of the backhaul market. Thus, its decision to put its LMDS
spectrum on the shelf until the market for wireless backhaul improved constituted a business decision
voluntarily made by West Carolina, not an inevitable result of circumstances beyond its control.
Moreover, even if wireless backhaul presented the only feasible use of LMDS spectrum, West Carolina’s
justification for additional construction time would fail, insofar as the market for wireless backhaul has
been developing steadily. In 2005, 8.7 percent of backhaul traffic was sent by fixed wireless.33 By 2009,
that figure increased to 12.3 percent.34 West Carolina does not attempt to show that it made any active
attempt to develop LMDS equipment, either through its own efforts or by working with equipment
suppliers. Finally, we note that many LMDS licensees did meet the June 1, 2012 deadline and built
facilities.35 Under those circumstances, we conclude that West Carolina made a voluntary decision not to
actively pursue development of LMDS facilities.
11.
We find that West Carolina, which made no attempt to commence construction of its
LMDS licenses in advance of the construction deadline, is readily distinguishable from other licensees
that attempted to build out their licenses prior to the deadline and that ordered equipment but failed to
receive timely delivery of that equipment. West Carolina chose not to build facilities in advance of the
deadline. Thus, its failure to construct its licenses was the result of its own business decision.
Furthermore, these licensees requested extensions of six months or less, while West Carolina is
requesting an 18 month extension.
12.
As noted above, when the Bureau granted an extension to LMDS licensees in 2008, it
anticipated that licensees could potentially provide wireless backhaul services to licensees in bands that


32 See, e.g., Redwood Wireless Minnesota, LLC, Order, 17 FCC Rcd 22416 (WTB CWD 2002) (construction delays
resulting from business disputes were exercises of business judgment and were not outside Petitioner’s control);
Eldorado Communications LLC, Order, 17 FCC Rcd 24613 (WTB CWD 2002) (licensee’s determination to initially
deploy TDMA system and subsequently to adopt GSM with months remaining before construction deadline was
business decision within its control); Bristol MAS Partners, Order, 14 FCC Rcd 5007 (WTB PSPWD 1999)
(equipment installation or delivery not delayed for some unique reason and licensee failing to obtain equipment was
business decision); AAT Electronics Corporation, 93 FCC 2d 1034 (1983) (decision not to market service
aggressively because of equipment uncertainties was within licensee’s control); Business Radio Communications
Systems, Inc., 102 FCC 2d 714 (1985) (construction delay caused by zoning challenge not a circumstance beyond
licensee’s control); Texas Two-Way, Inc., 98 FCC 2d 1300 (1984), aff'd sub nom., Texas Two-Way, Inc. v. FCC,
762 F.2d 138 (D.C. Cir. 1985) (licensee is responsible for delay resulting from interference caused by construction
adjacent to construction site because site selection was an independent business decision).
33 See Implementation of Section 6002(b) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 Annual Report and
Analysis of Competitive Market Conditions With Respect to Mobile Wireless, Including Commercial Mobile
Services, WT Docket No. 10-133, Fifteenth Report, 26 FCC Rcd 9664, 9845 ¶ 320 (2011).
34 Id. In a separate proceeding, Clearwire Corporation has indicated that it uses wireless for over 90 percent of its
backhaul needs, including almost 13,000 licenses with over 48,000 paths. See Comments of Clearwire Corporation,
WT Docket No. 12-156 (filed July 19, 2012) at 2.
35 As of October 3, 2012, the Broadband Division had accepted 67 LMDS buildout notifications from at least 18
different licensees. Another 221 showings were pending and undergoing review.
5

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

had recently been auctioned, licensed, or put into use.36 In the years since the Bureau originally extended
the construction deadline for these licenses, there has been considerable deployment of wireless
broadband service in the 700 MHz, AWS-1, and BRS/EBS bands. Thus, the validity of one of the factors
supporting the Bureau’s earlier extension of the construction deadline – that with some additional time,
productive opportunities for using LMDS licenses would develop as these emerging wireless broadband
services create a need for supporting backhaul service – has been substantially confirmed.

Notwithstanding that progress, West Carolina made no attempt to develop its LMDS spectrum. We
therefore conclude that the decision to grant an extension to LMDS licensees in 2008 does not support
West Carolina’s request for yet more time.

B.

Waiver Request

13.
To be granted a waiver of the June 1, 2012 construction deadline, West Carolina must
show that either (1) the underlying purpose of the rule(s) would not be served or would be frustrated by
application to the instant case, and that a grant of the requested waiver would be in the public interest; or
(2) in view of the unique or unusual circumstances of the instant case, application of the rule(s) would be
inequitable, unduly burdensome or contrary to the public interest, or the applicant has no reasonable
alternative.37 As is discussed more fully below, we conclude that West Carolina has failed to make the
requisite showing, and we therefore deny its waiver request.
14.
First, we conclude that an extension would be inconsistent with the underlying purpose of
the substantial service standard, which, as the Commission has said, is to provide “a clear and expeditious
accounting of spectrum use by licensees to ensure that service is being provided to the public.” 38 West
Carolina indicates that it plans to use the Licenses to provide point-to-point backhaul services to rural
areas as soon as practicable and that it actively continues to explore investing in the deployment of new
technologies and services.39
Yet, many other licensees built their facilities prior to the deadline.
Granting West Carolina a further extension despite its lack of effort in attempting to develop its LMDS
spectrum would be inconsistent with the underlying purpose of the substantial service requirement.


36 LMDS Order, 23 FCC Rcd at 5905 ¶ 25.
37 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.925(b)(3); see also 47 C.F.R. § 1.3; Northeast Cellular Telephone Co. v. FCC, 897 F.2d 1164,
1166 (D.C. Cir. 1990); WAIT Radio v. FCC, 418 F.2d 1153 (D.C. Cir. 1969), aff'd, 459 F.2d 1203 (1972), cert.
denied
, 409 U.S. 1027 (1972).
38 See Amendment of Part 101 of the Commission’s Rules to Facilitate the Use of Microwave for Wireless Backhaul
and Other Uses and to Provide Additional Flexibility to Broadcast Auxiliary Service and Operational Fixed
Microwave Licensees, WT Docket No. 10-153, Second Report and Order, Second Further Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking, Second Notice of Inquiry, Order on Reconsideration, and Memorandum Opinion and Order
, 27 FCC
Rcd 9735, 9773-9774 ¶ 104 (WTB 2012) (“Wireless Backhaul 2nd R&O”), citing 39 GHz R&O, 12 FCC Rcd at
18623 ¶ 42; see also 39 GHz R&O, 12 FCC Rcd at 18625 ¶ 46 (“This approach will permit flexibility in system
design and market development, while ensuring that service is being provided to the public.”);39 GHz R&O, 12
FCC Rcd at 18626 ¶ 46 (“This revised performance standard should ensure that meaningful service will be provided
without unduly restricting service offerings.”); 39 GHz R&O, 12 FCC Rcd at 18625 ¶ 47 (“[A]pplying a similar
performance requirement to all licensees at the license renewal point will help establish a level playing field without
compromising the goals of ensuring efficient spectrum use and expeditious provision of service to the public.”); 39
GHz Renewal Order
, 17 FCC Rcd at 4407 ¶ 11 (“The Commission’s overarching purpose behind adopting the
substantial service standard for renewal was to ensure that the spectrum was being used to provide service to the
public.”).
39 Extension and Waiver Requests at 2-3.
6

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

15.
We also conclude that West Carolina has not shown requiring compliance with the
substantial service rules is contrary to the public interest. As we have previously discussed, West
Carolina’s decision not to construct its LMDS licenses was a business decision. Other licensees made
other business decisions that led them to build out their licenses.40
16.
West Carolina argues that cancelling the licenses and reauctioning the spectrum would
not be in the public interest because it would “substantially delay utilization of the Licenses as it would
take many years for the Commission to relicense this spectrum and even longer for a new licensee to
prepare for deployment.”41 Because this argument could be used to justify virtually every failure to
construct, granting an extension of the construction deadlines on this basis would undermine the efficacy
of construction deadlines generally, eliminating the incentive for timely construction and the expeditious
provision of service to the public. Thus, West Carolina ignores the broader ramifications of its position:
that grant of its request for an extension of time to construct would ultimately serve to defeat the
fundamental public interest of ensuring licensee compliance with public interest obligations, including the
duty to follow rules designed to bring service to the public as expeditiously as possible.42 West Carolina
has had these licenses for thirteen years and has done nothing with them. We agree with West Carolina
that the licenses in question could play an important role in providing wireless backhaul to support 4G
services and should not lay fallow. The Bureau will expeditiously take action to relicense the spectrum in
an appropriate fashion so that another operator could promptly place the spectrum in use.
17.
Authorizations for LMDS licenses automatically terminate if the licensee fails to meet
construction or coverage requirements.43 In light of our decision to deny West Carolina’s request for an
extension or waiver of the construction requirements on the ground that grant of such request is not in the
public interest, West Carolina’s licenses automatically terminated, by operation of Sections 1.946(c) and
1.955(a)(2) of the Commission’s Rules,44 as of June 1, 2012.

IV.

CONCLUSION AND ORDERING CLAUSES

18.
West Carolina has failed to justify an extension of time to meet the substantial service
deadline for its LMDS stations or to justify a waiver of the June 1, 2012 deadline for establishing
substantial service. We therefore deny the Extension and Waiver Request. Accordingly, West Carolina’s
licenses to operate LMDS stations have automatically terminated, by operation of Commission rule, as of
June 1, 2012.
19.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED, pursuant to Sections 4(i) and 309 of the Communications
Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. §§ 154(i), 309, and Sections 1.925 and 1.946 of the Commission’s
Rules, 47 C.F.R. §§ 1.925, 1.946, that the request for waivers and the applications for extension of time to
demonstrate substantial service (File Nos. 0005234243, 0005234239) filed by West Carolina Rural
Telephone Cooperative, Inc. on May 25, 2012 ARE DENIED.
20.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pursuant to Sections 4(i) and 303(r) of the
Communications Act, as amended, 47 U.S.C. §§ 154(i), 303(r), and Section 1.955(a)(2) of the
Commission’s Rules, 47 C.F.R. § 1.955(a)(2), that the Universal Licensing System SHALL BE


40 See note 32, supra.
41 Extension and Waiver Request at 3.
42 See Wireless Backhaul 2nd R&O, 27 FCC Rcd at 9773-9774 ¶ 104.
43 47 C.F.R. §§ 1.946(c) and 1.955(a)(2).
44 Id.
7

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1800

UPDATED to reflect that the licenses issued to West Carolina Rural Telephone Cooperative, Inc. for
Local Multipoint Distribution Service Stations WPOK279 and WPOK280 TERMINATED as of June 1,
2012.
21.
These actions are taken under delegated authority pursuant to Sections 0.131 and 0.331 of
the Commission’s Rules, 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.131, 0.331.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
John J. Schauble
Deputy Chief, Broadband Division
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau
8

Note: We are currently transitioning our documents into web compatible formats for easier reading. We have done our best to supply this content to you in a presentable form, but there may be some formatting issues while we improve the technology. The original version of the document is available as a PDF, Word Document, or as plain text.

close
FCC

You are leaving the FCC website

You are about to leave the FCC website and visit a third-party, non-governmental website that the FCC does not maintain or control. The FCC does not endorse any product or service, and is not responsible for, nor can it guarantee the validity or timeliness of the content on the page you are about to visit. Additionally, the privacy policies of this third-party page may differ from those of the FCC.