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Abacus Television

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Released: February 22, 2010

Federal Communications Commission

DA 10-268

Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, D.C. 20554

In the Matter of

File Number EB-07-PA-386
Abacus Television

NAL/Acct. No. 200932400001
Licensee of UHF Translator Station WIIC-LP
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
FRN: 0010-72-4557
Facility ID # 68411



February 18, 2010


February 22, 2010
By the Regional Director, Northeast Region, Enforcement Bureau:



In this Forfeiture Order (“Order”), we issue a monetary forfeiture in the amount of three
thousand two hundred dollars ($3,200) to Abacus Television (“Abacus”), licensee of UHF translator
station WIIC-LP in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for willfully and repeatedly violating Section 1.903(a) of the
Commission's Rules (“Rules”)1 by failing to operate the station consistent with the terms of the station



The authorization for UHF Translator station WIIC-LP requires that the station operate on
Television Channel 29. On December 6, 2007, agents determined that the station was operating on
Television Channel 32. Subsequent to the inspection, Abacus provided the Philadelphia Office with an
invoice showing that station WIIC-LP had been operating on Channel 32 since April 7, 2007.
On October 15, 2008, the Commission’s Philadelphia Office issued a Notice of Apparent
Liability for Forfeiture (“NAL”) to Abacus in the amount of four thousand dollars ($4,000) for willful
and repeated violation of Section 1.903(a) of the Rules.2 In its response, Abacus does not dispute any of
the findings in the NAL, but requests a cancellation or reduction based on its inability to pay and its
history of compliance with the Commission’s Rules.

1 47 C.F.R. § 1.903(a). Although many of the rules that apply to low power TV stations are found in Part 74 (47
C.F.R. §§ 74.701-74.796), Section 1.901 provides that the purpose of the Part 1 rules “is to establish the
requirements and conditions under which entities may be licensed in the Wireless Radio Services as described in
this part and in parts 13, 20, 22, 24, 26, 27, 74, 80, 87, 90, 95, 97 and 101 of this chapter.” 47 C.F.R. § 1.901.
2 Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, NAL/Acct. No. 200932400001 (Enf. Bur., Philadelphia Office,
released October 15, 2008).

Federal Communications Commission

DA 10-268


The forfeiture amount proposed in this case was assessed in accordance with Section
503(b) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (“Act”),3 Section 1.80 of the Rules,4 and the
Commission’s Forfeiture Policy Statement and Amendment of Section 1.80 of the Rules to Incorporate
the Forfeiture Guidelines
.5 In assessing forfeitures, Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act requires that we take
into account the nature, circumstances, extent and gravity of the violation and, with respect to the
violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and such other matters as
justice may require.6
Abacus does not dispute the findings in the NAL, but asks that the forfeiture amount be
cancelled or substantially reduced because of its inability to pay. To support this claim, Abacus supplied
profit and loss statements for Abacus for the three years prior to the issuance of the NAL. When
considering an inability to pay claim, the Commission has determined that, in general, a licensee’s gross
revenues are the best indicator of its ability to pay a forfeiture.7 If gross revenues are sufficiently great,
the mere fact that a business is operating at a loss does not itself mean that it cannot afford to pay a
forfeiture.8 The Commission has also concluded that it is appropriate to take into account “income
derived from other affiliated operations. . . .”9 Because Abacus is operated as a sole proprietorship, it is
appropriate to look at the gross income of its sole proprietor, Benjamin Perez.10 Despite repeated efforts
by Commission staff to obtain documentation of Mr. Perez’s gross income, Mr. Perez has failed to
submit such documentation. We therefore are unable to assess Mr. Perez’s inability to pay claim.
6. We have examined Abacus’s response to the NAL pursuant to the statutory factors above,
and in conjunction with the Forfeiture Policy Statement. Because Abacus does not dispute any of the
findings in the NAL, we find that Abacus willfully and repeatedly violated Section 1.903(a) of the Rules
by failing to operate WIIC-LP consistent with the terms of the station’s authorization. Mr. Perez has failed
to submit documentation regarding his gross revenues in order for us to assess his request for a reduction
based on an inability to pay and therefore such request is denied. We do find, however, that a reduction is
warranted based on Abacus’s history of compliance with the Commission’s Rules and we reduce the

3 47 U.S.C. § 503(b).
4 47 C.F.R. § 1.80.
5 12 FCC Rcd 17087 (1997), recon. denied, 15 FCC Rcd 303 (1999) (“Forfeiture Policy Statement”).
6 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D).
7 PJB Communications of Virginia, Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 7 FCC Rcd 2088, 2089 (1992).
8 Id.
9 KASA Radio Hogar, Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 17 FCC Rcd 6256, 6258 (2002) (quoting Emery
Memorandum Opinion and Order, 13 FCC Rcd 23854, 23859-60 (1998), recon. denied, 15 FCC Rcd
7181 (1999)).
10 Playa del Sol Broadcasters, Memorandum Opinion and Order, 22 FCC Rcd 1073 (2007) (finding that
the gross income of the sole proprietor, when compared to the forfeiture amount, effectively negated the
financial hardship claim).

Federal Communications Commission

DA 10-268

forfeiture amount on that basis to $3,200.





that, pursuant to Section 503(b) of the Act, and Sections 0.111, 0.311
and 1.80(f)(4) of the Rules11 that Abacus Television


in the amount of three thousand two hundred dollars ($3,200) for willful and repeated violation of 47
C.F.R. § 1.903(a).
Payment of the forfeiture shall be made in the manner provided for in Section 1.80 of the
Rules within 30 days of the release of this Order. If the forfeiture is not paid within the period specified,
the case may be referred to the Department of Justice for collection pursuant to Section 504(a) of the
Act.12 Payment of the forfeiture must be made by check or similar instrument, payable to the order of the
Federal Communications Commission. The payment must include the NAL/Account Number and FRN
Number referenced above. Payment by check or money order may be mailed to Federal Communications
Commission, P.O. Box 979088, St. Louis, MO 63197-9000. Payment by overnight mail may be sent to
U.S. Bank – Government Lockbox #979088, SL-MO-C2-GL, 1005 Convention Plaza, St. Louis, MO
63101. Payment by wire transfer may be made to ABA Number 021030004, receiving bank
TREAS/NYC, and account number 27000001. For payment by credit card, an FCC Form 159
(Remittance Advice) must be submitted. When completing the FCC Form 159, enter the NAL/Account
number in block number 23A (call sign/other ID), and enter the letters “FORF” in block number 24A
(payment type code). Requests for full payment under an installment plan should be sent to: Chief
Financial Officer -- Financial Operations, 445 12th Street, S.W., Room 1-A625, Washington, D.C.
20554. Please contact the Financial Operations Group Help Desk at 1-877-480-3201 or Email: with any questions regarding payment procedures. Abacus Television shall also
send electronic notification on the date said payment is made to


that a copy of this Order shall be sent by First Class and
Certified Mail Return Receipt Requested to Abacus Television’s address of record.
G. Michael Moffitt.
Regional Director, Northeast Region
Enforcement Bureau

11 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.111, 0.311, 1.80(f).
12 47 U.S.C. § 504(a).

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