Internet Protocol Relay Service Misuse
Federal Communications Commission
News Media Information 202 / 418-0500445 12th St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20554
Released: February 13, 2012
CONSUMER & GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS BUREAU SEEKS TO REFRESH THE RECORD
REGARDING MISUSE OF INTERNET PROTOCOL RELAY SERVICE
Pleading Cycle Established
CG Docket No. 12-38
CG Docket No. 03-123
Comments Due: (21 days after publication in the Federal Register)
I. BackgroundBy this Public Notice, we seek to refresh the record on several issues pertaining to misuse of
Internet Protocol (IP) Relay Service, including issues that were initially raised in the Further Notice of
Proposed Rulemaking released by the Commission on May 8, 2006.1 IP Relay is a form of text-based
telecommunications relay service (TRS) that uses the Internet to allow individuals with hearing and/or
speech disabilities to communicate with other individuals.2 We remain concerned that individuals who do
not have a hearing or speech disability may be continuing to misuse IP Relay by, for example, calling
merchants to place orders using fake, stolen, or otherwise invalid credit cards.3 Such abuse not only
1 Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech
Disabilities; Misuse of Internet Protocol (IP) Relay Service and Video Relay Service, CG Docket No. 03-123,
Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 21 FCC Rcd 5478 (2006) (2006 FNPRM). To target this rulemaking
proceeding on the reform of IP Relay service, the Commission establishes a new docket, CG Docket No. 12-38.
Comments and filings applicable to this proceeding that have heretofore been filed in CG Docket No. 03-123 will be
incorporated by reference into new CG Docket No. 12-38.
2 Provision of Improved TRS and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities,
CC Docket No. 98-67, Declaratory Ruling and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 17 FCC Rcd 7779
(2002) (IP Relay Declaratory Ruling) (recognizing IP Relay as a form of TRS). In an IP Relay call, the
communication between the caller and the provider’s communications assistant (CA) takes place via an Internet
connection, and the leg of the call between the CA and the called party typically takes place over the public switched
telephone network (PSTN). At present, the costs of providing IP Relay are reimbursed entirely from the Interstate
TRS Fund (Fund), which is overseen by the Commission. See Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-
Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities, CG Docket No. 03-123, Report and Order
and Declaratory Ruling, 22 FCC Rcd 20140, 20162 at ¶ 40 (2007).
3 The 2006 FNPM described a typical scenario involving fraudulent credit card purchases: “[A] person places an IP
Relay call, usually from outside the United States, to a business located within the United States, places an order for
goods (most often commodity items that can be quickly resold), pays with a stolen or fraudulent credit card, and
drains the TRS Fund that supports these services, but also harms legitimate consumers whose calls are
rejected by individuals and businesses that have been the victims of such misuse.4 We believe that a
refreshed record will better enable the Commission to take timely and appropriate action to address these
problems. In taking this action, we underscore the Commission’s ongoing commitment to ensuring that
the Internet-based TRS (iTRS) program provides the communication services intended by Congress in
Section 225 of the Communications Act,5 while eliminating fraud and abuse.
As the 2006 FNPRM explained, IP Relay affords users a degree of anonymity that can facilitate
fraudulent activity. The FNPRM sought comment on ways to curb fraudulent calls via IP Relay,
including requiring user registration and permitting relay providers to screen and terminate fraudulent IP
Since the 2006 FNPRM was adopted, the Commission has undertaken a number of measures to
combat misuse of the IP Relay program. Most significantly, in June 2008, the Commission adopted a
mandatory system in which users of iTRS, including IP Relay, are assigned ten-digit telephone numbers
linked to the North American Numbering Plan and iTRS users with disabilities are registered with their
provider of choice (default provider).6 The Commission expressed its expectation that the registration of
iTRS users with a default provider and the requirement for each user to provide a “Registered Location”
would reduce the misuse of IP Relay. The Commission also sought comment on whether additional steps
were needed to curtail illegitimate calls made through this service.7
In December 2008, the Commission adopted a second iTRS numbering Order addressing IP
Relay and video relay service (VRS).8 Among other things, the Commission:
Directed iTRS providers to “implement a reasonable means of verifying registration and
eligibility information,”9 including the consumer’s name and mailing address, before
issuing the consumer a ten-digit telephone number.10 The Commission provided the
following examples of what such verification could include: “(1) sending a postcard to
the mailing address provided by the consumer, for return to the default Internet-based
arranges for the goods to be shipped to a location outside the United States.” 2006 FNPRM, 21 FCC Rcd at 5481, ¶
6 (footnote omitted).
4 Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) Providers Must Make All Outbound Calls Requested by TRS Users and
May Not “Block” Calls to Certain Numbers at the Request of Consumers, Public Notice, 20 FCC Rcd 14717 (2005).
5 47 U.S.C. § 225.
6 Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech
Disabilities; E911 Requirements for IP-Enabled Service Providers, CG Docket No. 03-123, WC Docket No. 05-
196, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 23 FCC Rcd 11591 (2008) (iTRS Numbering
7 Id. at 11626-11627, ¶¶ 94-95.
8 Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech
Disabilities; E911 Requirements for IP-Enabled Service Providers, CG Docket No. 03-123, CC Docket No. 98-57,
WC Docket No. 05-196, Second Report and Order and Order on Reconsideration, 24 FCC Rcd 791 (2008) (iTRS
Numbering Order II). VRS uses video over a broadband Internet connection to allow a person who uses sign
language to communicate with another party through a CA.
9 Id. at 809, ¶ 38.
10 Id. at 809, ¶ 37.
TRS provider; (2) in-person or on-camera ID checks during registration; or (3) other
verification processes similar to those performed by voice telephone providers and other
institutions (such as banks and credit card companies).”11
Directed that such registration be accompanied by consumer education and outreach
efforts designed to inform iTRS users of the importance of providing accurate registration
information. The Commission noted its expectation that “these measures will reduce the
misuse of Internet-based TRS by those who may take advantage of the anonymity
currently afforded users, particularly IP Relay users, without unduly burdening legitimate
Internet-based TRS consumers seeking to obtain ten-digit telephone numbers.”12
Limited eligibility to receive ten-digit numbers for iTRS use to people who have a
hearing or speech disability13 and directed provider verification procedures to include a
self-certification component requiring consumers to verify that they have a medically
recognized hearing or speech disability necessitating their use of TRS.14
In April 2011, the Commission adopted several additional measures to combat relay fraud and
abuse.15 Among those measures that apply to IP Relay were a requirement for all TRS providers to
submit to Commission-directed audits,16 a mandate for iTRS providers to retain, for five years, call detail
records and other records supporting claims for payment,17 whistleblower protection rules for provider
employees and contractors,18 and a requirement that a senior executive of a TRS provider certify, under
penalty of perjury, to the validity of minutes and data submitted to the TRS Fund administrator.19
Lastly, in July 2011, the Commission adopted new certification rules applicable to iTRS
providers,20 authorized on-site visits to the premises of applicants for iTRS certification and certified
11 Id. at 809, ¶ 38 (footnotes omitted).
12 Id. at 809-810, ¶ 38. In October 2009, the Commission issued a Public Notice directing iTRS providers to take
these various measures – i.e., to register users, obtain their location information, and assign legitimate users ten-digit
numbers – by November 12, 2009. Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau Reminds Video Relay Service (VRS)
and Internet Protocol (IP) Relay Service Providers of their Outreach Obligations and Clarifies their Call Handling
Obligations for Unregistered Users after the November 12, 2009, Ten-Digit Numbering Registration Deadline, CG
Docket No. 03-123, WC Docket No. 05-196, Public Notice, 24 FCC Rcd 12877 (CGB 2009) (iTRS Numbering
Implementation Public Notice).
13 Id. at 807 ¶ 34.
14 Id. at 809, ¶ 37.
15 Structure and Practices of the Video Relay Service Program, CG Docket No. 10-51, Report and Order and
Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 26 FCC Rcd 5545 (2011) (VRS Fraud Order).
16 Id. at 5584, ¶ 84. The Commission noted that this policy would promote greater transparency and accountability
in the compensation process.
17 Id. at 5585, ¶ 87.
18 Id. at 5577-79, ¶¶ 67-71.
19 Id. at 5586-5587, ¶¶ 90-91.
20 Structure and Practices of the Video Relay Service Program, CG Docket No. 10-51, Second Report and Order
and Order, 26 FCC Rcd 10898 (2011).
iTRS providers to confirm compliance with Commission rules,21 and set forth new requirements for
providers to submit documentary evidence of their ability to comply with the Commission’s TRS rules,22
to provide annual updates to their certification application information,23 and to certify, under penalty of
perjury, as to the accuracy of their certification applications and their annual compliance filings to the
II. Refreshing the RecordTitle IV of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates the provision of TRS for
individuals with hearing and speech disabilities that is functionally equivalent to voice telephone
services.25 This functional equivalency standard has served as the touchstone for the Commission in
determining how TRS providers must provide services to consumers: the goal is to have the features,
functions, and capabilities of these services mirror voice telephone services as closely as possible. To this
end, Commission rulings have characterized CAs as “transparent conduits” to a relay call, frequently
equated the connection to a CA with accessing a dial tone,26 and mandated confidentiality protections.27
Calls that are not legitimate relay calls, however, are not entitled to these transparency and confidentiality
protections.28 Moreover, when there is concern that fraud or misuse infects a relay service, the
21 Id. at 10914-10915, ¶¶ 36-37.
22 Id. at 10909-10913, ¶¶ 23-34.
23 Id. at 10916, ¶ 40. The Commission also specified the types of information that must be filed with the
Commission within 60 days of any substantive changes. Id. at 10917-10918, ¶¶ 44-48.
24 Id. at 10923-10925, ¶¶ 62-67. The provision governing certification under penalty of perjury was adopted as an
25 See 47 U.S.C. §225(a)(3). See also S. Rep. No. 116, 101st Cong., 1st Sess. 77 (1989) (discussing the requirement
for functional equivalency).
26 See Telecommunications Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities, and the Americans with
Disabilities Act of 1990, CC Docket No. 90-571, Report and Order and Request for Comments, 6 FCC Rcd 4657,
4659 at ¶13 (1991); Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with
Hearing and Speech Disabilities, CC Docket No. 98-67, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking, 15 FCC Rcd 5140, 5166 at ¶ 60 (2000) (reaching a CA to place the relay call is equivalent to picking
up a phone and getting a dial tone; thus, this portion of the call is the first crucial step to making the TRS calling
experience functionally equivalent to placing a voice call); Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-
Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities, CC Docket No. 90-571, CC Docket No. 98-
67, CG Docket No. 03-123, Report and Order, Order on Reconsideration, and Further Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking, 19 FCC Rcd 12475, 12534 at ¶ 154 (2004 ) (“This guidepost for the provision of TRS – that the relay
service should be ‘functionally equivalent’ to voice telephone service – means, as we have stated, that the CA
‘serves as a transparent conduit between two people communicating through disparate modes,’ . . . It is because of
this limited, transparent role of the CA that we have frequently stated that completion of the initial call to the TRS
facility, and connecting to a CA, is equivalent to receiving a dial tone.”) (footnotes omitted; emphasis in original).
27 Commission’s rules require CAs to handle “any type of call normally provided by telecommunications carriers
unless the Commission determines that it is not technologically feasible to do so,” 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(a)(3)(ii), and
further prohibit CAs from disclosing the content of any related conversation, regardless of content, 47 C.F.R. §
64.604(a)(2)(i), from keeping records of the content of any conversation beyond the duration of the call, id., and
from intentionally altering a relayed conversion. 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(a)(2)(ii).
28 See Structure and Practices of the Video Relay Service Program, CG Docket No. 10-51, Declaratory Ruling, 25
FCC Rcd 1868, 1872 at ¶ 8 (“If it becomes clear that what was set up as a VRS VCO [voice carry over] call is in
fact a call between two voice telephone users, the call is no longer a TRS call compensable from the Fund.”); VRS
Fraud Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 5565 n.109 (noting that, when a CA and an American Sign Language (ASL) user
Commission has an obligation to consider actions necessary to preserve the integrity and sustainability of
Despite the Commission’s persistent efforts to combat the fraudulent use of IP Relay, we remain
concerned that such misuse may persist. For example, although the Commission directed iTRS providers
to implement reasonable methods to verify registration and eligibility information submitted by IP Relay
users, the methods that providers currently are using may not be reasonable and may not be achieving the
desired goal of ensuring that only eligible or qualified persons are using the service. Accordingly, the
Commission may need to impose additional and more specific requirements with respect to both
authenticating initial registrants and verifying users of the service in order to ensure that providers are in
fact taking reasonable steps needed to curb IP Relay misuse. Such steps are necessary to protect the
integrity of the IP Relay program so that this service remains a viable and a valuable communication tool
for Americans who wish to use it. Therefore, we believe it is necessary to refresh the record in this
proceeding to help the Commission better understand what additional tools are needed to aid the
Commission in these efforts.
To this end, we seek additional comment to refresh the 2006 FNPRM record and regarding IP
Relay generally on the following matters:
The effectiveness of current measures to verify eligibility information for registration. In
this regard, we ask commenters to provide information about methods of verification
currently in use to authenticate the identity and eligibility of an individual seeking to
obtain a ten-digit number. We specifically seek comment on the extent to which IP Relay
providers are utilizing one or more of the following verification procedures when
registering such individuals: (1) sending a postcard to the mailing address provided by
the consumer, for return to the default IP Relay provider; (2) utilizing in-person or on-
camera ID checks during registration; (3) utilizing verification processes similar to those
performed by voice telephone providers and other institutions (such as banks and credit
card companies); or (4) utilizing an alternative means of verification approved in advance
by the Commission.30 We ask providers to comment on the effectiveness of each of these
or any other verification measures that they use to screen out illegitimate IP Relay users,
as well as how they assess the effectiveness of such measures. We further ask whether
individuals outside of the U.S. have been obtaining IP Relay access numbers or otherwise
using this service unlawfully, as well as to what extent current provider practices enable
or contribute to the registration of ineligible IP Relay users. We also seek input on what
additional steps should be taken, or technology implemented, to prevent the registration
and use of IP Relay by these and other ineligible individuals?
utilize a privacy screen during a VRS call, communication is no longer possible, and therefore the call is no longer a
legitimate TRS call and should be terminated); id. at 5566 n.120 (noting that, when a call is between two hearing
parties who can utilize their own voices, the call is no longer a TRS call and should be terminated); id. at 5579, ¶ 71
(noting that, when relay calls are “made or arranged, in whole or in part, for the purpose of generating compensable
minutes of use as a source of revenue. . . these calls are not, and have never been, considered relay calls to which
TRS confidentiality protections apply.”).
29 See generally VRS Fraud Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 5546-5552, ¶¶ 1-8.
30 See iTRS Numbering Order II, 24 FCC Rcd at 807-810, ¶¶ 34-38; VRS Fraud Declaratory Ruling, 25 FCC Rcd at
1872, ¶ 9. See also 47 U.S.C. § 225(b)(1) (Making TRS available “to hearing-impaired and speech-impaired
individuals in the United States.”).
Other verification processes, such as commercial verification services, that are available
and may be appropriate to more effectively screen out ineligible individuals who attempt
to register as IP Relay users. For example, we note that the Commission has in place
verification procedures for other programs, such as those recently adopted for Lifeline
assistance.31 Specifically, in light of evidence demonstrating that “consumer self-
certification of program-based eligibility does not effectively prevent ineligible
consumers from enrolling in Lifeline,”32 the Commission amended its rules to require
providers to confirm a consumer’s eligibility for Lifeline with documentation.33 Would
utilization of similar or analogous procedures be appropriate and necessary to verify
eligibility in the IP Relay context? We seek specific comment on whether a database
would be effective in this context, and on what types of documentation would be
available and appropriate to establish the eligibility of registrants for IP Relay. Are there
other governmental programs that may serve as a model for verifying the eligibility of
individuals who seek to use IP Relay?
Although the iTRS Numbering Implementation Public Notice directed providers to verify
each caller’s registration prior to completing non-emergency calls, it also directed
providers to handle a call from a newly registered user immediately, even if the provider
had not completed the process of verifying the caller’s information, assigning the caller a
new ten-digit number, and provisioning that number to the iTRS database.34 Should the
Commission continue to permit temporary authorization for a user to place IP Relay calls
while verification of the caller is taking place, in light of the apparent misuse of IP
Relay? Or should the Commission prohibit temporary authorization for this service
(other than for the handling of emergency calls)?
To the extent the Commission adopts specific user verification procedures, should it
require IP Relay providers to revalidate all of their currently registered users?
Whether IP Relay providers and their CAs should be given the discretion to determine,
on a case-by-case basis, that a call is not a legitimate TRS call, and to block, terminate, or
refuse to handle the non-TRS call.35 Are there ways for an IP Relay provider and its CAs
to determine when an IP Relay call is fraudulent through identifiable indicia?36 If an
31 To eliminate waste, fraud, and abuse, the Commission established national criteria for determining Lifeline
eligibility and adopted rules for Lifeline enrollment, including enhanced initial and annual certification
requirements. Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization, WC Docket No. 11-42 et al., Report and Order and
Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, FCC 12-11, ¶¶ 97-148 (rel. Feb. 6, 2012).
32 Id. at ¶ 98.
33 Id. at ¶¶ 98-101 (requiring providers to confirm eligibility by accessing documentation in state or federal social
services eligibility databases, where available, or by obtaining documentation from consumers demonstrating their
participation in a qualifying federal program).
34 iTRS Numbering Implementation Public Notice, 24 FCC Rcd at 12878-12879, citing iTRS Numbering Order I, 23
FCC Rcd at 11610, 11615-11616, ¶¶ 44, 60-63; iTRS Numbering Order II, 24 FCC Rcd at 803, 808-810, ¶¶ 25, 36-
35 See 2006 FNPRM, 21 FCC Rcd at 5483, ¶ 12.
36 In the 2006 FNPRM, we noted the following indicia: “that the caller will only pay via credit card; offers more
than one credit card number for payment; will not identify him or herself or provide a company name; uses names in
reverse (last name as first, first as last); does not negotiate price; will not agree to pay in advance via a check, bank
wire, or bank draft; has few questions about the product and lacks knowledge about the product; refuses to call back
illegitimate call (i.e., one that the CA has determined is not a TRS call) has been placed
to a merchant, should the provider or CA be permitted to alert the merchant that the call
is believed to be fraudulent, or take other steps to prevent the misuse of IP Relay?
Whether advanced call tracking mechanisms – e.g., geolocation systems – are available
for the purpose of accurately determining whether a particular IP Relay call is originating
from or terminating to an international location.37 If available, can such call-tracking
mechanisms identify international IP Relay calls, even when a party to the IP Relay call
is attempting to disguise the IP Relay call as a domestic U.S. call by, for example, re-
directing the call through a domestic IP address? We also seek comment on the extent to
which providers are using tracking mechanisms to determine where IP Relay calls
At present, Commission rules require providers to maintain and submit various records of
the relay calls for which they seek reimbursement.38 However, the Commission’s rules
also prohibit CAs from keeping records of the content of any conversation beyond the
duration of a call.39 For calls placed with IP Relay providers that are determined by a
provider to be illegitimate, what documentation, if any, should the provider be required to
maintain and submit to the Commission regarding such calls to facilitate better program
Whether more rigorous user authentication on a per-call basis should be employed to
combat misuse of IP Relay. If so, what form would this take? Would such an approach
enable providers to authenticate callers who dial-around to a different IP Relay provider
more effectively? Would the use of a common resource, such as a third-party database or
service, enable providers to authenticate dial-around callers more effectively? Would
more rigorous user authentication on a per-call basis address current vulnerabilities to IP
address spoofing? How could such an approach be extended to popular messaging
services, such as AIM and Google Talk, that callers might use to access IP Relay?
Under the Commission’s iTRS registration process, IP Relay users select a default relay
provider for the handling of their IP Relay calls, but are permitted to dial-around to a
different IP Relay provider at any time.41 To what extent is this dial-around feature used
or desirable for IP Relay calls? Under the Commission’s rules, IP Relay providers must
using the state’s relay service; and changes the payment or delivery arrangements after an order has been approved.”
Id. at 5483, ¶ 13. We request comment on the extent to whether these indicia are still useful for determining
whether IP Relay misuse is occurring, or whether other indicia may exist for this purpose.
37 Since 2003, the Fund administrator has been directed to suspend payment to TRS providers for reimbursement of
international IP Relay minutes. See Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for
Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities, CC Docket No. 98-67, Order, 18 FCC Rcd 12823, 12837 at ¶¶
41-42 (CGB 2003) (confirming suspension of payment to TRS providers for reimbursement of international IP
38 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(c)(5)(iii)(D). See also VRS Fraud Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 5579-5582, ¶¶ 72-79.
39 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(a)(2)(i).
40 See 2006 FNPRM, 21 FCC Rcd at 5484, ¶ 15.
41 See iTRS Numbering Order I, 23 FCC Rcd at 11609-11610, ¶ 43.
answer 85 percent of all calls within 10 seconds, averaged daily.42 Does this rapid
response time negate the need for a dial-around feature? To what extent is the dial-
around feature contributing to relay misuse? If the Commission discontinues allowing
the dial-around feature, should an exception be made for emergency calls?
Whether providers maintain lists of illegitimate users whose numbers are blocked from
using IP relay, and, if so, the approximate number of such users and the extent to which
providers share this information with one another. Should the Commission require
providers to share such information or to take additional measures to ensure that all
providers have the same information, e.g., by creating a central database of barred users
and/or blocked numbers/addresses?
The extent to which IP Relay fraud or misuse exists, and specifically, the extent to which
it has worsened (or has been ameliorated) since the Commission adopted its iTRS
numbering and user registration requirements. We also seek updated information on any
patterns associated with such misuse – for example, whether it is more prevalent at
specific times of the day, week, month, and year – as well as the nature of this misuse.
Whether specific audit procedures, in addition to those that the Commission has already
authorized,43 are needed to identify and curb IP Relay misuse.
The extent to which IP Relay is currently being used by consumers with and without
disabilities, and whether it is meeting a need that is not fulfilled by other forms of relay,
or other text-based services. When IP Relay was approved in 2002, IP-based captioned
telephone relay service was not available to consumers and VRS was typically available
in community settings only (e.g., libraries, consumer organizations). In addition, purely
text-based services such as on-line ordering and text messaging were not as commonly
used as they are today. To what extent do other forms of relay services, as well as text
messaging and other electronic messaging services, now serve as adequate or preferred
alternatives to IP Relay?
Procedural MattersComments. Pursuant to sections 1.415 and 1.419 of the Commission’s rules,44 interested parties
may file comments on or before the date indicated on the first page of this document. Comments may be
filed using: (1) the Commission’s Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS); or (2) by filing paper
copies. All filings should reference the docket numbers of this proceeding,
CG Docket No. 12-38 and
CG Docket No. 03-123
Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed electronically using the Internet by accessing the
ECFS: http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/ecfs2/. Filers should follow the instructions provided on the
website for submitting comments. In completing the transmittal screen, ECFS filers should
include their full name, U.S. Postal Service mailing address, and CG Docket No. 12-38 and CG
Docket No. 03-123.
Paper Filers: Parties who choose to file by paper must file an original and one copy of each
filing. Filings can be sent by hand or messenger delivery, by commercial overnight courier, or by
42 See 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(b)(2)(ii).
43 See 47 C.F.R. § 64.604(c)(5)(iii)(D)(6). See also VRS Fraud Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 5584, ¶ 84.
44 47 C.F.R. §§ 1.415, 1.419.
first class or overnight U.S. Postal Service mail. All filings must be addressed to the
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45 See 47 C.F.R. §§ 1.1200.
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Governmental Affairs Bureau, Disability Rights Office, at (202) 418-2235, (202) 418-2922 (TTY), or e-
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By the Chief, Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau
- FCC -
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