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Procedures for Dec. 19 Auction of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Support

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Released: August 7, 2013
PUBLIC NOTICE

Federal Communications Commission

News Media Information 202 / 418-0500

445 12th St., S.W.

Internet: https://www.fcc.gov

Washington, D.C. 20554

TTY: 1-888-835-5322

DA 13-1672
August 7, 2013

TRIBAL MOBILITY FUND PHASE I AUCTION RESCHEDULED FOR DECEMBER 19, 2013

NOTICE AND FILING REQUIREMENTS AND OTHER PROCEDURES FOR AUCTION 902

AU Docket No. 13-53

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Heading
Paragraph #
I. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY................................................................................................... 1
II. GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................................ 7
A. Overview of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I...................................................................................... 7
1. Background ............................................................................................................................... 7
2. Identification of Census Blocks Eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Support........................... 11
3. Establishing Eligible Units...................................................................................................... 32
4. Public Interest Obligations ...................................................................................................... 37
5. Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Eligibility Requirements .......................................................... 43
6. Annual Reporting and Record Retention Requirements ......................................................... 45
B. Auction Specifics ........................................................................................................................... 46
1. Auction Start Date ................................................................................................................... 46
2. Auction Title............................................................................................................................ 48
3. Bidding Methodology.............................................................................................................. 49
4. Pre-Auction Dates and Deadlines............................................................................................ 50
5. Requirements for Participation................................................................................................ 51
C. Rules and Disclaimers.................................................................................................................... 52
1. Relevant Authority .................................................................................................................. 52
2. Prohibited Communications and Compliance with Antitrust Laws ........................................ 56
3. Due Diligence.......................................................................................................................... 81
4. Use of FCC Auction System ................................................................................................... 88
5. Fraud Alert .............................................................................................................................. 89
6. Environmental Review Requirements..................................................................................... 91
III. SHORT-FORM APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................... 92
A. General Information Regarding Short-Form Applications ............................................................ 92
B. SAC Identification ......................................................................................................................... 97
C. Disclosure of Bidding Arrangements............................................................................................. 98
D. Ownership Disclosure Requirements........................................................................................... 101
E. Specific Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Eligibility Requirements and Certifications ................... 103
1. ETC Designation Certification .............................................................................................. 103
2. Access to Spectrum Description and Certification................................................................ 109
3. Financial and Technical Capability Certification.................................................................. 113

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4. Certification that Applicant Will Not Seek Support for Areas in Which It Has Made a
Public Commitment to Deploy 3G or Better Service by December 31, 2012....................... 114
F. Tribally-Owned or -Controlled Providers 25% Reverse Bidding Credit.................................. 115
G. Commission Red Light Rules ...................................................................................................... 120
H. USF Debarment ........................................................................................................................... 121
I. Minor Modifications to Short-Form Applications ....................................................................... 122
J. Maintaining Current Information in Short-Form Applications.................................................... 128
IV. PRE-AUCTION PROCEDURES ...................................................................................................... 129
A. Online Auction Tutorial Available September 25, 2013 .......................................................... 129
B. Short-Form Applications Due Prior to 6:00 p.m. ET on October 9, 2013................................ 132
C. Application Processing and Minor Corrections........................................................................... 135
D. Auction Registration .................................................................................................................... 138
E. Remote Electronic Bidding.......................................................................................................... 142
F. Mock Auction December 16, 2013........................................................................................... 144
V. AUCTION EVENT............................................................................................................................ 145
A. Auction Structure Reverse Auction Mechanism....................................................................... 145
1. Single-Round Sealed-Bid Reverse Auction Format.............................................................. 146
2. Aggregation Method Predefined Aggregation ................................................................... 148
3. Winner Selection Process...................................................................................................... 157
4. Limited Information Disclosure Procedures: Information Available to Bidders
Before and During the Auction ............................................................................................. 163
5. Auction Delay, Suspension, or Cancellation......................................................................... 164
B. Bidding Procedures...................................................................................................................... 166
1. Bidding.................................................................................................................................. 166
2. Reserve Prices ....................................................................................................................... 168
3. Bid Removal.......................................................................................................................... 170
4. Auction Announcements ....................................................................................................... 172
5. Auction Results ..................................................................................................................... 173
VI. POST-AUCTION PROCEDURES .................................................................................................... 174
A. General Information Regarding Long-Form Applications .......................................................... 174
B. Long-Form Application: Disclosures and Certifications ............................................................. 177
1. Ownership Disclosure ........................................................................................................... 178
2. Documentation of ETC Designation ..................................................................................... 180
3. Financial and Technical Capability Certification.................................................................. 182
4. Project Construction Schedule/Specifications....................................................................... 183
5. Spectrum Access ................................................................................................................... 185
6. Letter of Credit Commitment Letter...................................................................................... 187
7. Letter of Credit and Bankruptcy Code Opinion Letter.......................................................... 188
8. Certification as to Program Requirements ............................................................................ 192
9. Reasonably Comparable Rate Certification .......................................................................... 193
10. Tribal Engagement Requirements: Certification and Summary of Engagement .................. 199
C. Coverage Requirements, Reporting Obligations, and Payment Disbursements .......................... 204
1. Coverage Requirements ........................................................................................................ 204
2. Annual Reporting and Record Retention Requirements ....................................................... 209
3. Disbursement of Payments.................................................................................................... 210
D. Default Payment Requirements ................................................................................................... 211
1. Auction Default Payment ...................................................................................................... 212
2. Performance Default Payment............................................................................................... 216
VII. CONTACT INFORMATION ........................................................................................................... 220
ATTACHMENT A-1: Summary of Eligible Census Blocks by State
ATTACHMENT A-2: Bidding Areas
ATTACHMENT B: Top 100 CMAs by Population
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ATTACHMENT C: List of Parties
ATTACHMENT D: Short-Form Application (FCC Form 180) Filing Instructions
ATTACHMENT E: Summary Listing of Judicial, Commission, and Bureau Documents Addressing
Application of Section 1.2105(c)'s Prohibition of Certain Communications Between Auction Applicants

I.

INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY

1.
By this Public Notice, the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (Wireless Bureau) and
the Wireline Competition Bureau (Wireline Bureau) (collectively, the Bureaus) establish the procedures
that will apply to the reverse auction that will award up to $50 million in one-time Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I support.1 This auction, which is designated as Auction 902, is rescheduled to be held on
December 19, 2013. This Public Notice establishes the procedures, terms, and conditions governing
Auction 902, including the pre- and post-auction application processes, and provides other important
information for parties that wish to seek Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.
2.
Auction 902 will award one-time support to carriers that commit to provide 3G or better
mobile voice and broadband services to Tribal lands that lack such services.2 Support will be allocated to
maximize the population covered by new mobile services without exceeding the budget of $50 million.
Winning bidders will be obligated to choose whether to deploy 3G service within two years or 4G service
within three years after the award of support.
3.
Auction 902 will award high-cost universal service support through reverse competitive
bidding.3 The USF/ICC Transformation Order established the Mobility Fund as a universal service
support mechanism dedicated expressly to mobile services and adopted rules for distribution of the $50
million budget for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I.4 In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the
Commission delegated authority to the Bureaus to implement Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, including the
authority to prepare for and conduct an auction and administer program details.5 On March 29, 2013, the

1 Connect America Fund, WC Docket No. 10-90, A National Broadband Plan for Our Future, GN Docket No. 09-51,
Establishing Just and Reasonable Rates for Local Exchange Carriers, WC Docket No. 07-135, High-Cost Universal
Service Support, WC Docket No. 05-337, Developing an Unified Intercarrier Compensation Regime, CC Docket
No. 01-92, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, CC Docket No. 96-45, Lifeline and Link-Up, WC
Docket No. 03-109, Universal Service Reform Mobility Fund, WT Docket No. 10-208, Report and Order and
Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
, FCC 11-161, 26 FCC Rcd 17663, 17819-20, para. 481 (2011) (USF/ICC
Transformation Order
), pets. for review pending sub nom. In re: FCC 11-161, No. 11-9900 (10th Cir. filed Dec. 8,
2011). The USF/ICC Transformation Order contains a definition of "Tribal lands." Id. at 17711, para. 126 n.197.
That definition, as applied to the eligible areas for Auction 902, is discussed below. See section II.A.2 below.
2 We use the terms "3G" to refer to third generation wireless networks, and "4G" to refer to fourth generation
wireless networks. We use the terms "3G," "3G or better," "current generation," and "advanced" interchangeably to
refer to mobile wireless services that provide voice telephony service on networks that also provide services such as
Internet access and e-mail. We refer throughout this Public Notice to "awarding" or "selecting awardees" by
auction for simplicity of expression. As provided by the Commission's rules, see 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b) and
54.1008(a), and discussed further below, each party that becomes a winning bidder in the auction must file an
application for support. Only after review of the application to confirm compliance with all of the applicable
requirements will a winning bidder become authorized to receive support.
3 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17818-23, paras. 479-91.
4 Id. at 17822, para. 488 (concluding that a population-based metric is appropriate for the Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I auction).
5 Id. at 17783, 17785, 17803, 17819-20, paras. 329, 337, 411, 481.
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Bureaus released the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, which provided a summary of census blocks
potentially eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, announced the availability on the web of the
complete list of potentially eligible census blocks, and sought comment on whether census blocks should
be added to or removed from the list of potentially eligible blocks on Tribal lands, on the details of
auction procedures, and on certain related program requirements for Auction 902.6
4.
After considering the record encompassing 44 separate filings in response to the Auction
902 Comment Public Notice,7 in this Public Notice the Bureaus, among other things:
Provide an updated summary of census blocks eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
support in Auction 902, with the complete list available on the web;
Conclude that we will conduct Auction 902 as a single-round, sealed bid auction;
Provide for bidding on predefined bidding areas consisting of eligible census blocks
aggregated by Tribal lands and census tracts, and in some cases consisting of individual
census blocks in Alaska;
Establish bidding procedures, including stopping procedures to help assure that winning bids
make cost-effective use of limited available funds and implement the Commission's
commitment to fiscal responsibility;
Permit winning bidders to demonstrate that they offer supported services at rates comparable
to those in urban areas by offering one stand-alone voice and one data plan in supported areas
that match plans in urban areas and cost no more than the matching plans; and
Require that each winning bidder provide coverage, consistent with the performance
requirements of the rules adopted in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, to 75 percent or
more of the population associated with the eligible blocks in each bidding area for which it
receives support and describe acceptable methods for demonstrating such coverage.
5.
In addition, this Public Notice reviews important Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I program
requirements, including eligibility requirements for participation in Auction 902 and the public interest
obligations of winning bidders; describes in detail pre-auction procedures and auction application
requirements; explains requirements and details related to the structure and procedures for bidding; and
provides an overview of the post-auction procedures, requirements, and deadlines, including information
on the post-auction application and on default payment requirements that will be used to enforce carriers'
obligations.
6.
Further, with this Public Notice we announce a new auction date. The auction was
originally scheduled to be held on October 24, 2013.8 In order to provide interested parties ample time to
analyze the updated lists of eligible census blocks released concurrently with this Public Notice and to

6 Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Scheduled for October 24, 2013; Comment Sought on Competitive Bidding
Procedures for Auction 902 and Certain Program Requirements, Public Notice, AU Docket No. 13-53, DA 13-323,
28 FCC Rcd 2764 (2013) (Auction 902 Comment Public Notice). A listing of parties that filed comments, reply
comments, and ex parte notices or other filings may be found in Attachment C. Filings and commenters are
identified in this Public Notice by the abbreviated names shown in Attachment C.
7 We have exercised our discretion to fully consider all filings, including late-filed comments and reply comments.
See, e.g., Bad River Tribe Supplement to Comments (asking the Commission to accept its supplemental comments
filed after the May 10 comment deadline).
8 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2765, para. 1.
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take any further steps required to establish eligibility for participation in Auction 902, we delay the
auction date until December 19, 2013. We provide below additional information regarding other dates
related to Auction 902, including the short-form application deadline.

II.

GENERAL INFORMATION

A.

Overview of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I

1.

Background

7.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission comprehensively reformed and
modernized the high-cost component of the Universal Service Fund (USF) to help ensure the universal
availability of fixed and mobile communication networks capable of providing voice and broadband
services where people live, work, and travel. The Commission's universal service reforms include a
commitment to fiscal responsibility, accountability, and the use of market-based mechanisms, such as
competitive bidding, to provide more targeted and efficient support than in the past. For the first time, the
Commission established a universal service support mechanism dedicated exclusively to mobile
services--the Mobility Fund.
8.
Pursuant to the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission conducted the first
Mobility Fund Phase I auction, Auction 901, on September 27, 2012. Auction 901 offered $300 million
in one-time high-cost universal service support to carriers that committed to provide 3G or better mobile
voice and broadband services in areas nationwide where such services were unavailable.9 There were 33
winning bidders that submitted winning bids for a total of $299,998,632 in one-time Mobility Fund
Phase I universal service support to provide 3G or better mobile voice and broadband services covering
up to 83,494 road miles located in 31 states and one territory.10
9.
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I will provide up to $50 million in one-time support to
address gaps in mobile services availability by supporting the buildout of current- and next-generation
mobile networks on Tribal lands where these networks are unavailable.11 The support offered under
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I is in addition to any ongoing support provided under existing high-cost
universal service program mechanisms. Phase II of the Mobility Fund will provide up to $500 million
annually for ongoing support of mobile services, including up to $100 million annually for a separate
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase II.12 The Commission sought comment on the details for Mobility Fund
Phase II, including Tribal Mobility Fund Phase II, in the Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking adopted
in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, and the Bureaus sought further comment in a subsequent Public
Notice.13
10.
The goal for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I is to extend the availability of mobile voice
and broadband service on networks that provide 3G or better performance and to accelerate the
deployment of 4G wireless networks in areas where it is cost effective to do so with one-time support.14

9 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17773, para. 299.
10 Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Closes; Winning Bidders Announced for Auction 901, Public Notice, AU Docket
No. 12-25, DA 12-1566, 27 FCC Rcd 12031 (2012) (Auction 901 Closing Public Notice).
11 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17819-22, paras. 481-88.
12 Id. at 17824, para. 494.
13 Id. at 18069-85, paras. 1121-88; Further Inquiry Into Issues Related to Mobility Fund Phase II, Public Notice, WC
Docket No. 10-90, WT Docket No. 10-208, DA 12-1853, 27 FCC Rcd 14798 (2012).
14 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17781, para. 322; see also id. at 17821-22, paras. 486-87.
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To maximize the population covered in eligible areas on Tribal lands within the established budget of $50
million, the USF/ICC Transformation Order established general rules for a reverse auction to identify
those areas where additional investment can make as large a difference as possible in a transparent,
simple, speedy, and effective way.15 In this reverse auction, bidders will indicate the amount of one-time
support they require to deploy service meeting the defined performance standard in given eligible areas.
Because the auction generally will award support based on the lowest per-pop bid amount irrespective of
geographic area, bidders will compete not only against other carriers that may be seeking support in the
same areas, but also against carriers bidding for support in other areas nationwide.16 Support will be
awarded based on the lowest per-pop bid amounts submitted, but will not be awarded to more than one
provider per area.17
2.

Identification of Census Blocks Eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Support

11.
In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus sought comment on a list of
census blocks identified as potentially eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.18 We received
numerous comments addressing census block eligibility. Here we discuss the procedures used to identify
potentially eligible census blocks, the comments received on this topic, and the conclusions we reach in
response, resulting in the updated list of unserved census blocks eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
support.
12.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission decided to target Mobility Fund
Phase I support, including Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, to census blocks without 3G or better
service at the geometric center of the block, referred to as the centroid,19 and concluded that Mosaik
Solutions (Mosaik) data is the best available data source for determining the availability of such service.20
More specifically, the Commission concluded that it would consider any census block in the 2010 Census

15 Id. at 17781-83, 17821-22, paras. 322-28, 486-87. We refer to areas without 3G or better services and the
population within them as "unserved," even though there may be existing service at a lower level. The unserved
areas eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I are determined as described in sections II.A.2 and II.A.3 below.
16 Throughout this Public Notice, the term "per-pop" means per population (or per person) within a given
geographic area.
17 The Commission also provides for a 25 percent bidding credit for Tribally-owned or -controlled providers that
participate in Auction 902. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 490; 47 C.F.R.
54.1004(c).
18 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2772, para. 21. We note that contrary to ARC's suggestion
in its comments, the Bureaus released both a list and a map of potentially eligible areas along with the Auction 902
Comment Public Notice
. See ARC Comments at 9-10. These materials are available on the Auction 902 web page
at http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902. See also Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd 2764, 2785-97
(Attachments A-1 and A-2).
19 We use the term "centroid" to refer to the internal point latitude/longitude of a census block polygon. For more
information, see the definition of "internal point" in the Census Geographic Terms and Concepts at
http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_area_attr.html#ip (visited Aug. 6, 2013).
20 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17783-84, 17787, paras. 332, 334, 344; see also Mobility Fund
Phase I Auction Scheduled for September 27, 2012; Notice and Filing Requirements and Other Procedures for
Auction 901, Public Notice, AU Docket No. 12-25, DA 12-641, 27 FCC Rcd 4725, 4729-30, para. 9 (2012) (Auction
901 Procedures Public Notice
). The Order identified American Roamer data as the best available source. In
February 2012, subsequent to the release of the USF/ICC Transformation Order, American Roamer changed its
company name to Mosaik Solutions. See http://www.mosaik.com (visited Aug. 6, 2013). Accordingly, we refer to
Mosaik data here.
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as unserved, and thus eligible for support, if an analysis of the Mosaik data indicated that the centroid is
not covered by networks using EV-DO, EV-DO Rev A, or UMTS/HSPA or better.21 In the Auction 902
Comment Public Notice
, the Bureaus concluded that January 2013 Mosaik data was the most recently
available for the purpose of doing an analysis to identify eligible census blocks within Tribal lands22 and
described the methodology for identifying potentially eligible blocks.23
13.
The USF/ICC Transformation Order also concluded that population should be the basis
for calculating the number of units in each eligible census block for purposes of comparing bids and
measuring the performance of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support recipients.24 In particular, the
Commission concluded, based on concerns raised by Tribes, that using a population-based metric would
provide greater assurance that mobile deployment supported by Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I would focus
more directly on population centers.25
14.
The Bureaus first identified census blocks within Tribal lands using 2010 Census data.
The Bureaus proposed to identify Tribal lands in Alaska using Census data boundaries for the Annette
Island Reserve and Alaska Native village statistical areas.26 Alaska Native village statistical areas
represent the more densely settled portions of Alaska Native villages, which are the associations, bands,
clans, communities, groups, Tribes, or villages recognized pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims
Settlement Act.27
15.
The Bureaus used geographic information system (GIS) software to determine whether
the Mosaik data showed 3G or better wireless coverage at the centroid of each block.28 If the Mosaik data
did not show such coverage, the Bureaus determined the block to be potentially eligible. Because Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I support will be awarded based on the bid amounts that will maximize the
population covered by new mobile services, the Bureaus excluded any of these census blocks without
population. The Bureaus then excluded any blocks that, during the Auction 901 challenge process, we
determined to be served or to be ineligible for Mobility Fund Phase I support because a provider had
made a regulatory commitment to provide 3G or better wireless service or had received a funding
commitment from a federal executive department or agency in response to the provider's commitment to

21 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17786-87, paras. 343-44.
22 "Tribal lands" include any federally recognized Indian Tribe's reservation, pueblo or colony, including former
reservations in Oklahoma, Alaska Native regions established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act
(85 Stat. 688), and Indian Allotments, see 47 C.F.R. 54.400(e), as well as Hawaiian Home Lands--areas held in
trust for native Hawaiians by the state of Hawaii, pursuant to the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, 1920, Act July
9, 1921, 42 Stat. 108, et seq., as amended. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17711, para. 126 n.197.
23 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2770-72, paras. 17-20.
24 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488.
25 Id.
26 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2771, para. 18 n.38.
27 For more information regarding Alaska Native village statistical areas, see
http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_aiannha.html#anvsa (visited Aug. 6, 2013).
28 Specifically, the Bureaus used ArcGIS software from Esri to determine whether the Mosaik data showed 3G or
better coverage at each block's centroid. The following technologies were considered 3G or better: EV-DO, EV-
DO Rev A, UMTS/HSPA, HSPA+, WiMAX, and LTE.
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provide 3G or better wireless service in that area.29 In addition, the Bureaus identified those census
blocks that were the subject of winning bids in Auction 901.30 The Bureaus noted that any census block
that was the subject of a winning bid in Auction 901 and for which support is authorized at the conclusion
of the Auction 901 long-form application review will not be eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
support. If prior to Auction 902 the Bureaus determine that any of the identified winning bids from
Auction 901 cannot be authorized, but would otherwise be eligible for Auction 902, then such eligible
blocks will be included in Auction 902.
16.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission, responding to concerns about
potential errors in determining coverage of a particular area, stated that it would "make public a list of
unserved areas as part of the pre-auction process and afford parties a reasonable opportunity to respond by
demonstrating that specific areas identified as unserved are actually served and/or that additional
unserved areas should be included."31 In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus therefore
asked commenters identifying census blocks for removal and/or addition to our list of potentially eligible
census blocks to provide detailed information in support of their views.32 The Bureaus noted that in
making such determinations for Auction 901, we found demonstrations of coverage to be more credible
and convincing where they were supported by maps, discussions of drive tests, explanation of
methodologies for determining coverage, and certifications by one or more individuals as to the veracity
of the material provided.33 For Auction 901, the Bureaus did not make changes to potentially eligible
areas based on submissions making assertions of coverage without any supporting evidence.34
17.
Comments challenging our list of potentially eligible census blocks raise two general
points. First, eight commenters, both wireless service providers and Tribal entities, challenge our use of

29 Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4731-35, paras. 13-22. See American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), P.L. 111-5, 123 Stat. 115 (2009) (authorizing the Broadband Technology
Opportunities Program (BTOP) and Broadband Initiatives Program (BIP)). The Bureaus sought comment on
whether there were any additional census blocks not identified during the Auction 901 challenge process for which,
notwithstanding the absence of 3G service, any provider had made a regulatory commitment to provide 3G or better
wireless service, or had received a funding commitment from a federal executive department or agency in response
to the provider's commitment to provide 3G or better wireless service. Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28
FCC Rcd at 2771, para. 19; see USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17786, paras. 341-42. We did not
receive any comments addressing this issue.
30 See Auction 901 Closing Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd 12031.
31 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17785, para. 337.
32 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2772, para. 21.
33 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2772-73, para. 21; see also Auction 901 Procedures Public
Notice
, 27 FCC Rcd at 4734-35, para. 20. The Bureaus noted that in light of the population-based metric used to
determine the number of unserved units for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, "drive tests" used to demonstrate
coverage may be conducted by means other than automobiles on roads. Providers may demonstrate coverage of an
area with a statistically significant number of tests in the vicinity of residences being covered. Auction 902
Comment Public Notice
, 28 FCC Rcd at 2773, para. 21 n.50; see USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at
17822, para. 488 n.806.
34 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2773, para. 21; see also Auction 901 Procedures Public
Notice
, 27 FCC Rcd at 4735, para. 21.
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Census data to establish the boundaries of Tribal lands in certain areas.35 Second, fourteen commenters,
both wireless service providers and Tribal entities, challenge our initial determination based on Mosaik
data that certain areas are either served or unserved.36
18.
In response to the comments we received regarding our list of potentially eligible census
blocks, we add certain eligible census blocks, for purposes of Auction 902, based on the Commission's
definition of "Tribal lands." Specifically, we add populated, unserved census blocks in Alaska and in the
Navajo Eastern Agency. We conclude, however, that other areas that were ceded to the United States by
treaty are not eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support because they do not fall within the
applicable definition of "Tribal lands." We remove all state designated Tribal statistical areas (SDTSAs)
from the list of eligible census blocks for purposes of Auction 902 because they do not qualify as "Tribal
lands" under the Commission's definition. Separately, we also remove certain Tribal designated
statistical areas (TDSAs), as defined by the 2010 Census data, that do not qualify as "Tribal lands" under
the Commission's definition. In addition, we add and remove census blocks based on credible and
convincing demonstrations by commenters regarding service coverage, or the lack thereof.
19. We add populated, unserved census blocks in the Alaska Native regions to the attached
updated list of bidding areas and the corresponding list of eligible census blocks that is available on the
Auction 902 website (http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902/). We agree with GCI and ARC that limiting
eligible Tribal lands to the Annette Island Reserve and Alaska Native village statistical areas would be too
narrow and would not comport with the Commission's definition of "Tribal lands,"37 which includes
"Alaska Native regions established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act."38 We instead
identify the eligible Tribal lands in Alaska using the boundaries of the twelve geographic Alaska Native
regional corporations and the Annette Island Reserve, which together cover the entire state of Alaska.39
20.
Given that all of Alaska is Tribal land that is potentially eligible for inclusion in Auction
902, not just the Alaska Native village statistical areas originally proposed, we clarify how certain
Mobility Fund Phase I provisions apply to the federally-recognized Alaska Native villages. The
Commission adopted a 25 percent bidding credit and special ETC provisions for Tribally-owned
or -controlled providers to promote Tribal self-provisioning of mobile services with Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I support.40 These provisions were adopted to reflect the Commission's unique government-to-

35 See ARC Reply Comments at 5; ARC Legal Advisors Ex Parte at 2; ARC WTB Ex Parte at 1-2; ATA Ex Parte at
1-2; Bad River Tribe Comments at 6-9; GCI Comments at 1-3; Lac du Flambeau Reply Comments; NNTRC
Comments at 4-5; Windy City Ex Parte at 2-3; see also SBI Comments at 2.
36 See ASTAC Comments at 2-3; AT&T Comments at 1-2; Bad River Tribe Comments at Exhibit B; Bad River
Tribe Supplement to Comments; Commnet Reply Comments at 1-4; Copper Valley Comments at 1-3; Lac du
Flambeau Reply Comments; LLBO Comments at 3-5; NNTRC Comments at 6; NTTA Comments at 6-7; Oglala
Sioux Tribe Comments at 2-3; Rosebud Sioux Tribe Comments at 2-4; SBI Comments at 2-5; SIW Comments at 6-
7; WST Comments at 3-5.
37 ARC Reply Comments at 5; ARC Legal Advisors Ex Parte at 2; ARC WTB Ex Parte at 1-2; GCI Comments at 1-
3; see also Windy City Ex Parte at 2; ATA Ex Parte at 1-2.
38 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17711, para. 126 n.197.
39 See http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_aiannha.html#anrc (visited Aug. 6, 2013) (describing the
geographic area covered by the Alaska Native regional corporations and the Annette Island Reserve); see also Letter
from Deputy Commissioner of Indian Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, to Juneau
Area Director, Mar. 31 1999, at 1 ("[R]ealities in Alaska require the BIA to expand the scope of its activities to
include all [of] Alaska and to treat all of Alaska as a `reservation.'").
40 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, paras. 490-91; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a), (c).
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government relationship with Tribes.41 The Commission also stated that "these measures should provide
meaningful support to expand service to unserved areas in a way that acknowledges the unique
characteristics of Tribal lands and reflects and respects Tribal sovereignty."42 The Tribal bidding credit
and special ETC provisions are available to entities that are owned or controlled by federally-recognized
Alaska Native villages.43 Specifically, a Tribal entity that is owned or controlled by an Alaska Native
village may receive these benefits in eligible areas that are within the boundaries of the Alaska Native
village statistical area associated with that village, as well as in eligible areas that are not within any
Alaska Native village statistical area but are within the same Alaska Native region as that village. In
addition, we note that the Office of Native Affairs and Policy, in coordination with the Bureaus, has
provided guidance on the Tribal engagement requirements that apply to providers serving Tribal lands,
including Alaska.44 In order to facilitate engagement with appropriate Tribal government officials in
Alaska, our list of eligible areas identifies the Alaska Native village statistical areas, which indicate where
the Alaska Native villages are more densely settled.45
21.
We also add populated, unserved census blocks in the Navajo Eastern Agency. As
NNTRC points out, Census data identifies a scattered "checkerboard" of census blocks within the Eastern
Agency as Tribal land.46 However, the Navajo Nation recognizes everything within the external borders
of the reservation, including the Eastern Agency, to be part of its sovereign territory and subject to its
territorial jurisdiction.47 Further, the Commission has previously determined that special circumstances
warrant provision of universal service support throughout the entirety of the Eastern Agency.48 Thus, we
conclude that all of the populated, unserved census blocks in the Navajo Eastern Agency should be
included in the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction.

41 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17818-19, paras. 479, 484; see also Statement of Policy on
Establishing a Government-to-Government Relationship with Indian Tribes, Policy Statement, 16 FCC Rcd 4078,
4080-81 (2000) (recognizing the Commission's general trust relationship with, and responsibility to, federally
recognized Tribes).
42 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17819, para. 484.
43 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a), (c).
44 Office of Native Affairs and Policy, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, and Wireline Competition Bureau
Issue Further Guidance on Tribal Government Engagement Obligation Provisions of the Connect America Fund,
Public Notice, WC Docket Nos. 10-90, 07-135, 05-337, 03-109, CC Docket Nos. 01-92, 96-45, WT Docket No. 10-
208, GN Docket No. 09-51, DA 12-1165, 27 FCC Rcd 8176 (2012), pets. for recon. pending (Tribal Engagement
Further Guidance
).
45 See http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_aiannha.html#anvsa (visited Aug. 6, 2013). Appropriate Tribal
government officials are elected or duly authorized government officials of federally recognized American Indian
Tribes and Alaska Native Villages. See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17869, para. 637 n.1053.
46 NNTRC Comments at 4.
47 Id. at 5.
48 Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service; Smith Bagley, Inc. Petition for Waiver of Section 54.400(e) of the
Commission's Rules, Memorandum Opinion and Order, WC Docket No. 03-109, FCC 05-77, 20 FCC Rcd 7701
(2005) (granting a waiver of the Commission's Lifeline and Link Up eligibility rules to enable eligible residents of
the Navajo Eastern Agency to receive enhanced Lifeline and Link Up support); see also SBI Comments at 2
(commending the FCC for defining Tribal lands in New Mexico broadly to include the Navajo Eastern Agency).
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22.
We decline to include certain areas that Tribes previously ceded to the United States by
treaty.49 As the Bad River Tribe explains, treaties ceding Chippewa land to the United States granted the
Bad River Tribe and other Chippewa groups hunting, fishing, and harvesting rights throughout ceded
territories that now span portions of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.50 Bad River Tribe considers
certain ceded territory in Wisconsin to be an important economic resource for the Tribe that is critical to
maintaining Tribal practices and culture, including hunting, trapping, fishing, wild rice harvesting, maple
sugaring, harvesting birch bark and balsam, and canoe building.51 Bad River Tribe and Lac du Flambeau
both indicate that a substantial number of Tribal members live in rural ceded lands outside reservation
boundaries.52 Although Tribal organizations regulate hunting, fishing, and harvesting activities conducted
throughout the ceded territories, these areas do not fall within the Commission's definition of "Tribal
lands."53 Thus, these areas are not eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.
23.
The lists of potentially eligible blocks and proposed bidding areas released with the
Auction 902 Comment Public Notice included certain SDTSAs and TDSAs.54 We remove all SDTSAs
from the updated list of eligible census blocks because they do not qualify as "Tribal lands" under the
Commission's definition. Separately, we also remove certain TDSAs, as defined by the 2010 Census
data, that do not qualify as "Tribal lands" under the Commission's definition.55
24.
We also received several challenges to our initial determination based on Mosaik data
that certain census blocks are either served or unserved. We received comments from four carriers
identifying census blocks for addition and/or removal from our list of potentially eligible census blocks
based on sufficiently verifiable demonstrations of current coverage at the centroid, or lack thereof. These
commenters provide maps, explanations of methodologies for determining coverage, and in numerous
cases, certifications by one or more qualified individuals as to the veracity of the material provided.56 We
find these demonstrations to be sufficiently credible and convincing to meet the requirements of the
USF/ICC Transformation Order and incorporate the requested changes into the updated list of eligible
census blocks.57
25.
Ten commenters, including Tribal entities and a wireless carrier, request additions to our
list of potentially eligible blocks based on assertions that certain areas not listed as potentially eligible

49 See Bad River Tribe Comments at 6-9; Lac du Flambeau Reply Comments.
50 Bad River Tribe Comments at 6.
51 Id.
52 Id. at 1-2; Lac du Flambeau Reply Comments.
53 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17711, para. 126 n.197.
54 See http://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_aiannha.html (visited Aug. 6, 2013).
55 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17711, para. 126 n.197.
56 ASTAC Comments at 2-3; AT&T Comments at 1-2; Commnet Reply Comments at 1-4; Copper Valley
Comments at 1-3.
57 See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4734-35, para. 20 (finding demonstrations of current
coverage at the centroid, or the lack thereof, to be sufficiently credible and convincing where they provided maps,
discussions of drive tests, explanations of methodologies for determining coverage, and in numerous cases,
certifications by one or more individuals as to the veracity of the material provided). Based on staff analysis of the
coverage data provided by Copper Valley overlaid on census block centroids, we remove two of the six census
blocks requested by Copper Valley.
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actually lack 3G or better service.58 In contrast to the submissions of the commenters discussed
immediately above, we find that these commenters either fail to provide sufficient information or fail to
provide information that is sufficiently verifiable regarding the basis for their assertions. We conclude
that these commenters do not demonstrate actual lack of service, as envisioned by the USF/ICC
Transformation Order
, and therefore do not provide a basis for us to depart from our initial determination
of potentially eligible census blocks.
26.
In particular, we conclude that the drive test data submitted by SBI is not sufficiently
verifiable to justify the addition of the census blocks requested.59 SBI does not sufficiently explain the
methodology or the baseline used to conduct its drive tests,60 and it does not identify the census blocks in
which it conducted the tests.61 AT&T and Commnet have provided credible and convincing evidence,
supported by maps, certifications, and explanations of methodologies for determining coverage, that
many of the census blocks identified by SBI as unserved are actually served.62 Further, we note that
although Bad River Tribe, Lac du Flambeau, LLBO, and the Rosebud Sioux Tribe make a good faith
effort to demonstrate the absence of 3G or better service in certain areas, the information that they provide
is not sufficient to allow the Commission or third parties to verify the accuracy of the asserted lack of
coverage.63 Finally, five commenters do not provide evidence to support their assertions regarding the
absence of 3G or better service in certain areas.64
27.
In addition, several commenters generally question the reliability of Mosaik data without
providing specific evidence to contradict the Mosaik data.65 These assertions, without supporting
evidence and without any reference to particular census blocks, do not provide a basis for us to depart
from our initial determination of potentially eligible census blocks.66

58 Bad River Tribe Comments at Exhibit B; Bad River Tribe Supplement to Comments; Lac du Flambeau Reply
Comments; LLBO Comments at 3-5; NNTRC Comments at 6; NTTA Comments at 6-7; Oglala Sioux Tribe
Comments at 2-3; Rosebud Sioux Tribe Comments at 2-4; SBI Comments at 2-5; SIW Comments at 6-7; WST
Comments at 3-5.
59 SBI Comments at 2-5; see also SBI June Ex Parte; NNTRC Comments at 6.
60 We note that SBI does not provide sufficient details on test setup (e.g., descriptions, diagrams, and/or photos of
the test equipment used), or sufficient descriptions of the test methodology and post-processing procedures. We also
note that SBI does not provide evidence that the test equipment produced expected results in a known environment,
or other verification that the test equipment was functioning properly.
61 See SBI Comments, Declaration of Ali Kuzehkanani (indicating that SBI's list of proposed census blocks includes
the census blocks where the drive test was conducted as well as the neighboring census blocks).
62 AT&T Reply Comments; Commnet Reply Comments.
63 Bad River Tribe Comments at Exhibit B; Bad River Tribe Supplement to Comments; Lac du Flambeau Reply
Comments; LLBO Comments at 3-5; Rosebud Sioux Tribe Comments at 2-4, Attachment A.
64 NNTRC Comments at 6; NTTA Comments at 6-7; Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments at 2-3; SIW Comments at 6-7;
WST Comments at 3-5.
65 See ARC Comments at 8; GRIC/GRTI Comments at 8; MATI Reply Comments at 2, 4; NPM/NCAI Reply
Comments at 2-3.
66 See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4735, para. 21 (concluding that assertions without
supporting evidence did not provide a basis for the Bureaus to depart from their determination of potentially eligible
census blocks).
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28.
The list of census blocks on Tribal lands released concurrently with this Public Notice
now includes all of the eligible census blocks that were identified by analyzing 2010 Census data, January
2013 Mosaik data, and information submitted by third parties. The differences between this list and the
list provided with the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice are as follows: (1) we have added blocks based
on comments received regarding our application of the definition of "Tribal lands" to Alaska and the
Navajo Eastern Agency,67 (2) we have removed all SDTSAs and certain TDSAs, (3) we have added
blocks based on the comments of one carrier that provided a sufficiently credible and convincing
demonstration regarding the absence of 3G or better coverage,68 (4) we have removed blocks based on the
comments of three carriers that provided sufficiently credible and convincing demonstrations regarding
the presence of 3G or better coverage,69 and (5) we have removed blocks for which Auction 901 support
has been authorized, and have added blocks (i.e., removed the asterisks next to blocks) for which Auction
901 defaults have been determined. In this list, we continue to identify census blocks that were covered
by winning bids in Auction 901 for which the relevant long-form applications remain pending. If we
determine prior to Auction 902 that any winning bids from Auction 901 cannot be authorized, and any of
those bids cover census blocks that would otherwise be eligible for Auction 902, then such eligible blocks
will be available in the auction. Similarly, if support is authorized prior to Auction 902 for any of the
census blocks covered by Auction 901 winning bids, those census blocks will be excluded from Auction
902. We will announce by public notice the removal of any census blocks for which support is authorized
for Auction 901 winning bids.
29.
We are mindful of the Commission's goal of moving quickly to expand the availability of
advanced mobile services by providing one-time support with the limited funds budgeted for this purpose.
We also heed the Commission's warning that more extended dialog and pre-auction review of these
issues might risk undue delay in the award of this support.70 Accordingly, the list of census blocks on
Tribal lands that we release today contains our determinations with respect to the areas eligible for Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I support, with the exception of census blocks covered by Auction 901 winning
bids, which may be removed from this list by public notice at the conclusion of the Auction 901 long-
form application review. As discussed below, the eligible census blocks will, in most cases, be
aggregated into predefined bidding areas by Tribal lands and census tracts.71
30.
We remind those interested in seeking Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support that
applicants for Auction 902 are required to certify that they will not seek support for any areas in which
they made a public commitment to deploy 3G or better service by December 31, 2012.72 We discuss this
requirement in greater detail in section III.E, where we describe the disclosures and certifications required
in the short-form application for Auction 902.

67 See ARC Reply Comments at 5; ARC Legal Advisors Ex Parte at 2; ARC WTB Ex Parte at 1-2; ATA Ex Parte at
1-2; GCI Comments at 1-3; Windy City Ex Parte at 2-3; see also NNTRC Comments at 4-5; SBI Comments at 2.
68 ASTAC Comments at 2-3.
69 AT&T Comments at 1-2; Commnet Reply Comments at 1-4; Copper Valley Comments at 1-3.
70 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17785, para 337. As was true for the list of eligible areas for
Auction 901, we recognize that no such list will be perfect or perfectly up-to-date. Auction 901 Procedures Public
Notice
, 27 FCC Rcd at 4735, para. 22.
71 Eligible census blocks in Alaska will be aggregated by Alaska Native village statistical areas and census tracts,
and where there are not Alaska Native village statistical areas, bidding will be conducted on a census block basis.
See section V.A.2 below.
72 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17802-03, para 410; 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(a)(5).
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31. Attachment A-1 released with this Public Notice provides a summary of the list of eligible
census blocks. For each state and territory, Attachment A-1 provides the total number of eligible census
blocks and the total number of tracts, counties, Tribal lands, and bidding areas. For each state and
territory, Attachment A-1 also provides the total population, area, and road miles of the eligible blocks.
Attachment A-2 released with this Public Notice provides a list of the bidding areas. For each area,
Attachment A-2 provides the state, county, and Tribal land; the number of eligible blocks; and the total
population, area, and road miles of those blocks. Due to the large number of eligible blocks, the complete
list of the individual blocks will be provided in electronic format only, available as a separate
"Attachment A" file at http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902/.73 For each eligible block, the "Attachment
A" file provides the population, area, and road miles of the block; and the associated state, county, tract,
Tribe, Tribal land, and bidding area. In addition to these attachments and files, the Bureaus will provide
an interactive map for this information on the Commission website.74 We note that the names assigned to
the bidding areas listed in the Attachment A files have been changed since the release of the Auction 902
Comment Public Notice
in order to conform to the requirements of the FCC Auction System. A
crosswalk between the names used in the Attachment A files released with this Public Notice and the
names used in the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice will be provided on the Commission website.75
3.

Establishing Eligible Units

32.
As discussed above, pursuant to the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the updated list of
eligible areas released concurrently with this Public Notice excludes unserved census blocks that lack
population. In this section, we address comments suggesting that we should use road miles as the bidding
units for Auction 902, or that we should include unserved census blocks without population in the list of
eligible areas.
33.
We conclude, based on the USF/ICC Transformation Order, that we must use population
to determine units in Auction 902, as supported by Commnet and RTG,76 and that we cannot deviate from
our proposal to use Census data to determine which census blocks are populated.
34.
The Commission decided that population is a better unit than road miles for comparing
bids and assessing coverage in Tribal areas.77 Therefore, we lack delegated authority to revise this rule to
use road miles as SRTI and the Rosebud Sioux Tribe suggest, or any other metric other than population.78

73 A copy of Attachment A and any other documents relating to Auction 902 may be purchased from the
Commission's duplicating contractor, Best Copy and Printing, Inc. (BCPI), 445 12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402,
Washington, DC 20554, 800-378-3160 or at http://www.bcpiweb.com. When ordering documents from BCPI,
please provide the appropriate FCC document number (for example, DA 13-1672 for this Public Notice).
74 The interactive map will be similar to the potentially eligible areas map that was made available on the Auction
902 website (http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902/) concurrent with the release of the Auction 902 Comment Public
Notice
.
75 See http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902/.
76 Commnet Comments at 4-5 (noting that especially where population on Tribal lands is "widely dispersed,"
covering a road mile would not necessarily result in service to unserved populations); RTG Comments at 2.
77 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(b).
78 SRTI Comments at 6-7 (arguing that the inclusion of road miles in the Mobility Fund Phase I auction allocation
methodology "properly recognized that much of Indian country is sparsely populated and that unserved Indian lands
need telecommunications services where distances are great"); Rosebud Sioux Tribe Comments at 3 (claiming it is
not only arbitrary and unreasonable, but dangerous, to assume that service is not needed on roads across unpopulated
areas); see also ARC Comments at 9 (arguing that a population-based metric will undervalue the need for terrestrial
(continued....)
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35.
We conclude that the population-based metric that the Commission established in the
USF/ICC Transformation Order for comparing bids and assessing coverage for Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I requires that we must exclude census blocks without population from Auction 902 eligibility.79
We recognize that winning bidders may need to extend their networks to or through unpopulated blocks
that are not eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support in order to meet their Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I performance requirements.80 Our rules with respect to how winning bidders can use Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I funds to meet their performance requirements do not preclude this. Therefore, we
decline to accept the suggestion of NPM/NCAI that all census blocks should be scored with a minimum
population of one.81
36.
We further conclude that we should not deviate from our proposal to use Census data as
the basis for limiting eligible blocks to those where there is a population greater than zero. Given the
Commission's decision to use population as the bidding comparison unit,82 we must use reliable data on
population in order to conduct the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction. While we received comments
generally objecting to the accuracy of the population figures for certain blocks, none of the comments
received offer persuasive evidence that blocks deemed unpopulated by the Census Bureau are, in fact,
populated, or otherwise provide evidence that would dissuade us from using available Census data to
determine whether or not a block is populated.83
4.

Public Interest Obligations

37.
Voice and Broadband Service. All Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I recipients must satisfy
specified public interest obligations in exchange for the support they receive, as must all recipients of any
Connect America Fund support. Specifically, all Connect America Fund recipients, including Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I recipients, must offer stand-alone voice service to the public.84 Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I recipients must offer voice service with coverage of at least 75 percent or more of the
population within the area for which support is provided.85 As we describe in more detail below,86 if an
(Continued from previous page)
telecommunications infrastructure in large remote areas); Lac du Flambeau Reply Comments (arguing that a
population-based metric will result in many Tribal communities being underserved).
79 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488.
80 See ARC Comments at 9 (requesting that the Commission account for how Alaska's populated remote areas will
connect to the grid without at least some buildout in areas lacking population).
81 NPM/NCAI Comments at 6-7.
82 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488.
83 See LLBO Comments at 3-4, 6 (arguing that certain census blocks listed in Exhibits B, C, and D are used for
cultural activities including hunting, fishing, and gathering, but not arguing that those blocks are populated; and
arguing that a housing development has been built that may affect some census blocks listed in Exhibit E, but not
specifying which census blocks or to what extent the population numbers should be amended); see also LLBO
Reply Comments at 2; Coeur d'Alene Tribe Reply Comments at 1 (asserting that the data does not consider areas
where communications are necessary for public safety and economic development); NPM/NCAI Comments at 6-7
(suggesting that the Bureaus add a minimum population of one to unpopulated Census blocks, but not asserting or
providing evidence that blocks listed as having zero population in the 2010 Census are in fact populated).
84 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17693, 17791, paras. 80, 359; see 47 C.F.R. 54.101(b).
85 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792, para. 365; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a), (b). As
discussed below, support will be available to any recipient that covers a larger percentage of the eligible population
by the applicable construction deadline, up to 100 percent.
86 See section VI.C.1 below (addressing comments received on this issue).
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awardee can prove coverage of at least 75 percent of the actual population associated with the eligible
census blocks within a winning bid area, it may provide and prove coverage in any combination across
eligible census blocks within that single bidding area, including providing coverage to more than 75
percent of the population in one eligible census block and less than 75 percent of the population in
another eligible census block in the same bidding area. In the alternative, we will also permit proof of
coverage by relying on a geographic area safe harbor, by which an awardee may show that it is providing
coverage to at least 75 percent of the geographic area in a census block as a proxy for providing service to
at least 75 percent of the population within that census block. If a winning bidder relies on the geographic
area safe harbor for a particular winning bid area, it must provide and prove coverage to at least 75
percent of the geographic area of each eligible census block within that winning bid area. Furthermore,
receipt of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support is conditioned upon the recipient providing service over a
network that achieves particular data rates under particular conditions, which the Commission, for this
purpose, refers to as 3G networks or better.87
38.
Data Rates. For purposes of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, the Commission refers to a
network as a 3G network if it achieves outdoor minimum data transmission rates of 50 kilobits per second
(kbps) uplink and 200 kbps downlink at vehicle speeds appropriate for the areas covered.88 Also for
purposes of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, the Commission refers to a network as a 4G network if it
achieves outdoor minimum data transmissions rates of 200 kbps uplink and 768 kbps downlink at vehicle
speeds appropriate for the area covered.89 With respect to both 3G and 4G networks, transmission latency
must be low enough to enable the use of real-time applications, such as Voice over Internet Protocol
(VoIP).90
39.
Performance Deadlines. Winning bidders in Auction 902 will commit to provide service
over either a 3G or a 4G network, as those terms are used with respect to Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, in
their post-auction long-form applications for support.91 Those parties committing to provide service over
a 3G network must do so for at least 75 percent or more of the population within the winning bidding area
within two years of being authorized to receive support.92 Winning bidders committing to provide service
over a 4G network must do so for at least 75 percent or more of the population within the winning
bidding area within three years of being authorized to receive support.93 To the extent that a recipient
covers population in excess of the minimum, support will be available for up to 100 percent of the eligible

87 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17791, para. 360; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a), (b). In addition,
the Commission expects "that ETCs that offer standalone broadband service in any portion of their service territory
will also offer such service in all areas that receive Connect American Fund support." USF/ICC Transformation
Order
, 26 FCC Rcd at 17695, para. 86 n.127.
88 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17791-92, para. 361; 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a)(1).
89 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792, para. 362; 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(b)(1).
90 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a)(2), (b)(2).
91 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17791, para. 360; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(v).
92 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a).
93 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(b). We note that GRIC/GRTI and NTTA suggest that we consider extending the coverage
timeframe to four years for 3G and five years for 4G networks. See GRIC/GRTI Comments at 9; NTTA Comments
at 5. However, we cannot amend the Commission's rules regarding the performance deadlines in the context of
establishing auction procedures in this proceeding.
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population for which the recipient demonstrates coverage within the timeframe required for the
technology deployed.94
40.
Reasonably Comparable Rates. Recipients of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support must
certify annually that they offer service in supported areas at rates that are within a reasonable range of
rates for similar service plans offered by mobile wireless providers in urban areas.95 This requirement
extends for a period ending five years after the date of award of support.96 We describe this requirement
in more detail below in our explanation of post-auction application requirements.97
41.
Collocation. In exchange for the support provided, Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support
recipients shall allow for reasonable collocation by other providers of services that would meet the voice
and data requirements of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I on newly-constructed towers that the recipient
owns or manages in the area for which it receives support.98 Consistent with this requirement, a recipient
may not enter into facilities access arrangements regarding relevant facilities that restrict any party to the
arrangement from allowing others to collocate on the facilities.
42.
Voice and Data Roaming. Recipients of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support must
provide voice and data roaming on networks built with the support, consistent with the requirements of
section 20.12 of the Commission's rules, as those rules were in effect on the date the Commission
adopted the USF/ICC Transformation Order.99 This condition of support is independent of subsequent
changes to the Commission's rules on voice and data roaming. In other words, even if section 20.12 is
amended, support recipients must continue to meet the requirements of section 20.12 as that rule existed
as of October 27, 2011.100 To the extent the Commission adopts any new rules regarding voice and data
roaming that are generally applicable, recipients of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support may be subject
to those new rules as well. As these requirements, and all of the other public interest obligations, are a
condition of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, violations may result in the withholding or clawing
back, i.e., return, of universal service support in addition to any other applicable sanctions.101
5.

Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Eligibility Requirements

43. In order to participate in Auction 902 and receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, an
applicant must be designated as an eligible telecommunications carrier (ETC) for the areas on which it
wishes to bid or, if it is a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity, have a pending application for ETC
designation for the relevant areas within the boundaries of the Tribal land associated with the Tribe that

94 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792-93, paras. 365, 367; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a), (b).
95 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17797, para. 385; 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(viii),
54.1009(a)(4).
96 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17797, para. 385; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1009. In the Auction 902
Comment Public Notice
, the Bureaus proposed and sought comment on a standard for assessing compliance with
this requirement. Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781-83, paras. 54-60. Below we discuss
the comments received in response to the proposal, and we set forth the standard that will apply to recipients of
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.
97 See section VI.B.9 (addressing comments received on this issue).
98 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17794-95, para. 376; 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(d).
99 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(e).
100 Id.
101 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17796, para. 380. See section VI.D.2 below.
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owns or controls the entity.102 The ETC designation must cover a sufficient portion of the bidding area to
allow the applicant to satisfy the applicable performance requirements.103 A Tribal entity that wins
support in Auction 902 while its ETC petition is pending must receive an ETC designation prior to
support being authorized.104 Because of the lead time necessary to receive designation as an ETC,
prospective applicants that need to do so are strongly encouraged to initiate the process as soon as
possible in order to increase the likelihood that they will be eligible to participate in Auction 902.
Carriers subject to the jurisdiction of a state in which they seek designation should petition that state's
commission for designation as an ETC to provide voice service. Carriers not subject to the jurisdiction of
the relevant state commission should petition the Commission for designation as an ETC.105 The Bureaus
have provided guidance on existing requirements for filing an ETC application with the Commission in a
separate public notice.106
44.
An applicant for Auction 902 must also demonstrate that it has access to the spectrum
necessary to satisfy the applicable performance requirements.107 In addition, an applicant must certify
that it is financially and technically capable of providing 3G or better service.108 Below, in our discussion
of the short- and long-form application requirements, we describe in detail how applicants must
demonstrate that they meet all of these eligibility requirements.

102 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a), 54.1005(a)(3). A
Tribally-owned or -controlled entity must have its application for ETC designation pending at the relevant short-
form application deadline. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491.
103 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17798-99, paras. 388-92; 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(a),
54.1004(a), 54.1006.
104 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491 (noting that allowing a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity to participate at auction while its ETC petition is pending in no way prejudges the ultimate
decision on its pending ETC petition and that support will be disbursed only after it receives ETC designation); see
also
47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a).
105 The Commission has established a framework for determining whether a state commission or the Commission
itself has jurisdiction to designate ETCs on Tribal lands. First, a carrier serving Tribal lands must petition the
Commission for a determination on whether the state has jurisdiction over the carrier. The Commission then
determines whether the carrier is subject to the jurisdiction of a state commission or whether it is subject to a Tribal
authority given the Tribal interests involved. In the latter case, the Commission has jurisdiction to designate the
carrier as an ETC and will proceed to consider the merits of the carrier's petition for designation. See
Telecommunications Carriers Eligible for Universal Service Support; Standing Rock Telecommunications, Inc.
Petition for Designation as an Eligible Telecommunications Carrier, Memorandum Opinion and Order on
Reconsideration
, WC Docket No. 09-197, FCC 11-102, 26 FCC Rcd 9160, 9161, para. 4 (2011).
106 See Eligible Telecommunications Carrier Designation for Participation in Mobility Fund Phase I, Public Notice,
WC Docket No. 09-197, WT Docket No. 10-208, AU Docket No. 12-25, DA 12-271, 27 FCC Rcd 2054 (2012).
Petitions for designation as an ETC should be filed in WC Docket No. 09-197 and WT Docket No. 10-208, and
should not be filed in the docket for Auction 902, AU Docket No. 13-53. The Bureaus adopted a protective order
limiting access to proprietary and confidential information that may be filed in WC Docket No. 09-197 and WT
Docket No. 10-208 in connection with petitions filed for designation as an ETC for purposes of participation in any
Mobility Fund auction. See Petitions For Designation As An Eligible Telecommunications Carrier For Purposes of
Participation in Mobility Fund Auctions, Protective Order, WC Docket No. 09-197, WT Docket No. 10-208, DA
13-81, 28 FCC Rcd 318 (2013).
107 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17799-801, paras. 393-99; 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(b). The
requirement that parties have access to spectrum applies equally to all parties, including Tribal entities.
108 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17801-02, paras. 400-05; 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(c).
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6.

Annual Reporting and Record Retention Requirements

45.
Winning bidders that are authorized to receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support are
required to submit to the Commission an annual report each year for the five years after being so
authorized. In addition, authorized winning bidders are required to submit certain reports before
receiving disbursements of support.109 As described further below, Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support
will be available for disbursement to authorized winning bidders in three stages, with the first
disbursement made when the winning bidder is authorized to receive support.110 A winning bidder
authorized to receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support and all of its agents are required to retain any
documentation prepared for, or in connection with, the award of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support for
a period of not less than ten years after the date on which the winning bidder receives its final
disbursement of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.111

B.

Auction Specifics

1.

Auction Start Date

46.
Bidding in Auction 902 will be held on

Thursday, December 19, 2013

. Unless
otherwise announced, bidding for all eligible census blocks will be offered at the same time.
47.
The start and finish time of bidding will be announced by public notice approximately
one week before the start of the auction.
2.

Auction Title

48.
Auction 902 Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
3.

Bidding Methodology

49.
As discussed in more detail below, the bidding methodology for Auction 902 will be a
single-round reverse auction format.112 The Commission will conduct this auction over the Internet using
the FCC Auction System. Qualified bidders must bid electronically via the Internet. Telephonic bidding
will not be available for Auction 902 because it will not be feasible given the number of eligible
geographic areas and the manner in which bids will be uploaded.113
4.

Pre-Auction Dates and Deadlines

50.
The following dates and deadlines apply:
Auction Tutorial Available (via Internet) .........................September 25, 2013
Short-Form Application (FCC Form 180)
Filing Window Opens.......................................................September 25, 2013; 12:00 noon ET
Short-Form Application (FCC Form 180)
Filing Window Deadline ..................................................October 9, 2013; 6:00 p.m. ET

109 47 C.F.R. 54.1008. See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17815-16, paras. 464-69.
110 47 C.F.R. 54.1008(b)(1).
111 47 C.F.R. 54.1010.
112 See section V.A.1 below.
113 See section V.B.1 below. The Bureaus sought comment on whether telephonic bidding should be available in
Auction 902. Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2777, para. 42. We did not receive any
comments addressing this issue.
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Mock Auction ..................................................................December 16, 2013
Auction Begins..................................................................December 19, 2013
5.

Requirements for Participation

51.
Those wishing to participate in this auction must:
Submit a short-form application (FCC Form 180) electronically prior to 6:00 p.m. ET,
October 9, 2013, following the electronic filing procedures described in Attachment D; and
Comply with all provisions outlined in this Public Notice and applicable Commission rules.

C.

Rules and Disclaimers

1.

Relevant Authority

52.
Prospective applicants in Auction 902 must familiarize themselves with the
Commission's general universal service rules, contained in 47 C.F.R. Part 54, and the Mobility Fund
specifically, 47 C.F.R. 54.1001 - 54.1010. They should also familiarize themselves with the
Commission's decision in the USF/ICC Transformation Order to implement the Mobility Fund Phase I,
including Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I.114
53.
Prospective bidders in Auction 902 must be familiar with the specific competitive
bidding rules for universal service support contained in 47 C.F.R. 1.21000 - 1.21004, as well as the
procedures, terms, and conditions contained in this Public Notice and all other public notices related to
Auction 902 (AU Docket No. 13-53). Additionally, prospective Auction 902 bidders will find it helpful
to familiarize themselves with the processes established for the Commission's first auction of Mobility
Fund Phase I support (Auction 901)115 and with the Commission's general competitive bidding rules,
including recent amendments and clarifications; and Commission decisions in proceedings regarding
competitive bidding procedures, application requirements, and obligations of Commission licensees.116
54.
The terms contained in the Commission's rules, relevant orders, and public notices are
not negotiable. The Commission may amend or supplement the information contained in its public
notices at any time, and will issue public notices to convey any new or supplemental information to
applicants. It is the responsibility of all applicants to remain current with all Commission rules and with
all public notices pertaining to this auction.
55.
Copies of most auction-related Commission documents, including public notices, can be
retrieved from the FCC Auctions website at http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions. Additionally, documents are

114 See generally, USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd 17663.
115 See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd 4725; see also AU Docket No. 12-25. Information on
Auction 901, including copies of all Auction 901 Public Notices and auction results, may be found on the
Commission's Auction 901 web page at http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/901.
116 See, e.g., Amendment of Part 1 of the Commission's Rules Competitive Bidding Procedures, WT Docket No.
97-82, Order on Reconsideration of the Third Report and Order, Fifth Report and Order, and Fourth Further
Notice of Proposed Rule Making
, FCC 00-274, 15 FCC Rcd 15293 (2000) (modified by Erratum, DA 00-2475 (rel.
Nov. 3, 2000)); Seventh Report and Order, FCC 01-270, 16 FCC Rcd 17546 (2001) (Part 1 Seventh Report and
Order
); Eighth Report and Order, FCC 02-34, 17 FCC Rcd 2962 (2002); Second Order on Reconsideration of the
Third Report and Order and Order on Reconsideration of the Fifth Report and Order
, FCC 03-98, 18 FCC Rcd
10180 (2003); Second Order on Reconsideration of the Fifth Report and Order, FCC 04-295, 20 FCC Rcd 1942
(2005).
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available for public inspection and copying between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) Monday
through Thursday or 8:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. ET Fridays at the FCC Reference Information Center, 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. Documents may also be purchased from the
Commission's duplicating contractor, Best Copy and Printing, Inc. (BCPI), 445 12th Street, SW, Room
CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, 800-378-3160, or at http://www.bcpiweb.com.117
2.

Prohibited Communications and Compliance with Antitrust Laws

56.
To ensure the competitiveness of the auction process, section 1.21002 of the
Commission's rules prohibits an applicant in a Mobility Fund auction from cooperating or collaborating
with any other applicant with respect to its own, or one another's, or any other competing applicant's bids
or bidding strategies, and from communicating with any other applicant in any manner the substance of
its own, or one another's, or any other competing applicant's bids or bidding strategies, until after the
post-auction deadline for winning bidders to submit applications for support, unless such applicants are
members of a joint bidding arrangement identified on the short-form application(s) pursuant to sections
1.21001(b)(3) and (b)(4).118
57.
Section 1.21002 is based on a similar rule used in competitive bidding for spectrum
licenses, section 1.2105(c) of the Commission's rules.119 Potential bidders should familiarize themselves
with sections 1.2105(c) and 1.21002, and with the judicial, Commission, and Wireless Bureau decisions
addressing application of the rule prohibiting certain communications listed in Attachment E.120
a.

Entities Subject to Section 1.21002, the Rule Prohibiting Certain
Communications

58.
Section 1.21002's prohibition of certain communications will apply to any applicant that
submits a short-form application to participate in Auction 902. Thus, unless they have identified each
other on their short-form applications as parties with whom they have entered into agreements under
section 1.21001(b)(3), applicants in Auction 902 must affirmatively avoid all communications with or
disclosures to each other that affect or have the potential to affect bids or bidding strategy.121 In some
instances, this prohibition extends to communications regarding the post-auction market structure.

This
prohibition applies to all applicants regardless of whether such applicants become qualified bidders
or actually bid.

122

117 When ordering documents from BCPI, please provide the appropriate FCC document number (for example, DA
12-641 for the Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice).
118 See 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3)-(4), 1.21002; see also USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17807,
para. 431.
119 47 C.F.R. 1.2105(c).
120 Because section 1.21002 was adopted for Mobility Fund competitive bidding relatively recently, the
Commission's prior experience in this area is in the context of section 1.2105(c). Applicants should review
information regarding the interpretation of section 1.2105(c) to gain insight into the Commission's views on
prohibited communications during competitive bidding for Mobility Fund support.
121 Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Provides Guidance on the Anti-Collusion Rule for D, E and F Block
Bidders, Public Notice, DA 96-1460, 11 FCC Rcd 10134 (1996).
122 See, e.g., Star Wireless, LLC, Forfeiture Order, DA 04-3026, 19 FCC Rcd 18626, 18628, para. 4 & n.19 (2004)
(emphasizing that section 1.2105(c) applies to applicants regardless of whether they are qualified to bid), order
granted in part sub nom
, Star Wireless, LLC and Northeast Communications of Wisconsin, Inc., Order on Review,
FCC 07-80, 22 FCC Rcd 8943 (2007), petition for review denied, Star Wireless, LLC v. FCC, 522 F.3d 469 (D.C.
(continued....)
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59.
All bidders will compete for support with all other bidders in Auction 902, regardless of
the geographic areas they seek to serve with Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support. Therefore, applicants
will be prohibited from making certain communications with all other applicants in Auction 902
regardless of the eligible areas for which they seek support, unless the parties disclose agreements reached
between them on their short-form applications.
60.
For purposes of the prohibition of certain communications, section 1.21002 defines
"applicant" broadly to include the applicant, each party capable of controlling the applicant, including all
officers and directors, and each party that may be controlled by the applicant or by a party capable of
controlling the applicant.123
61.
Individuals and entities subject to section 1.21002 should take special care in
circumstances where their officers, directors, and employees may receive information directly or
indirectly relating to any competing applicant's bids or bidding strategies. For example, the Wireless
Bureau has found that when an individual serves as an officer for two or more applicants, the bids and
bidding strategies of one applicant are conveyed to the other applicant, and, absent a disclosed bidding
agreement, an apparent violation of the rule prohibiting certain communications occurs.124 The Wireless
Bureau has not addressed a situation where non-principals (i.e., those who are not officers or directors,
and thus not considered to be the applicant) receive information regarding a competing applicant's bids or
bidding strategies and whether that information should be presumed to be communicated to the applicant.
62.
Moreover, we encourage Auction 902 applicants not to use the same individual
authorized bidder as is used by another applicant. A violation of section 1.21002 could occur if an
individual acts as the authorized bidder for two or more competing applicants, and conveys information
concerning the substance of bids or bidding strategies between such applicants. Also, if the authorized
bidders are different individuals employed by the same organization (e.g., a law firm, engineering firm, or
consulting firm), a violation similarly could occur.125 In such a case, at a minimum, applicants should
certify on their applications that precautionary steps have been taken to prevent communication between
authorized bidders, and that the applicant and its bidders will comply with section 1.21002.126
(Continued from previous page)
Cir. 2008); Letter to Robert Pettit, [Esq.], from Margaret W. Wiener, Chief, Auctions and Industry Analysis
Division, DA 00-2905, 16 FCC Rcd 10080 (2000) (declining to exempt an applicant's controlling interest from
coverage by the communication prohibitions of section 1.2105(c), even though the applicant never made an upfront
payment for the auction and was not listed as a qualified bidder).
123 47 C.F.R. 1.21002(a).
124 See, e.g., Letter to Colby M. May, TCCSA, Inc., d/b/a Trinity Broadcasting Network, from Barbara A. Kreisman,
Chief, Video Division, Media Bureau, and Margaret W. Wiener, Chief, Auctions and Spectrum Access Division,
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, DA 05-2445, 20 FCC Rcd 14648 (2005) (finding apparent violation of
communication prohibitions of section 1.2105(c) where applicants with mutually exclusive applications reported
sharing same individual as an officer and director and reported having no bidding agreement).
125 See Application of Nevada Wireless, Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 98-1137, 13 FCC Rcd 11973,
11977-78, paras. 11-12 (1998) (Nevada Wireless Order).
126 Id.
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b.

Prohibition Applies Until Long-Form Application Deadline

63.
The section 1.21002 prohibition of certain communications begins at the short-form
application filing deadline and ends at the long-form application deadline after the auction closes, which
will be announced in a future public notice.127
c.

Prohibited Communications

64.
Applicants must not communicate directly or indirectly about bids or bidding strategy to
other applicants in this auction (as described above).128 Section 1.21002 prohibits not only
communication about an applicant's own bids or bidding strategy, but also communications about another
applicant's bids or bidding strategy.129 While section 1.21002 does not prohibit non-auction-related
business negotiations among auction applicants, each applicant must remain vigilant so as not to directly
or indirectly communicate information that affects, or could affect, bids or bidding strategies.
65.
Applicants are cautioned that the Commission remains vigilant about prohibited
communications taking place outside of the auction itself. For example, the Commission has warned that
prohibited "communications concerning bids and bidding strategies may include communications
regarding capital calls or requests for additional funds in support of bids or bidding strategies to the extent
such communications convey information concerning the bids and bidding strategies directly or
indirectly."130 Moreover, the Commission has found a violation of the rule against prohibited
communications where an applicant used the Commission's bidding system to disclose "its bidding
strategy in a manner that explicitly invited other auction participants to cooperate and collaborate in
specific markets,"131 and has placed auction participants on notice that the use of its bidding system "to
disclose market information to competitors will not be tolerated and will subject bidders to sanctions."132
Applicants also should use caution in their dealings with other parties, such as members of the press,
financial analysts, or others who might become conduits for the communication of prohibited bidding
information. For example, an applicant's statement to the press that it intends to stop bidding in the
auction could give rise to a finding of a section 1.21002 violation.133 Similarly, an applicant's public

127 47 C.F.R. 1.21002(b). Unless otherwise provided by public notice, winning bidders for Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I support must file an application for support (also known as the long-form application) no later than 10
business days after the public notice identifying them as winning bidders. 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(1). See section
VI.A below for additional information regarding the timing of the long-form application deadline.
128 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17807, para. 431. See also Part 1 Seventh Report and Order,
16 FCC Rcd at 17553-54, para. 12. For a discussion of the term "applicant" within the meaning of section 1.21002,
see section II.C.2.a above.
129 See 47 C.F.R. 1.21002(b). See also Notice of Apparent [L]iability for Forfeiture of Western PCS BTA 1 Corp.,
Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 99-385, 14 FCC Rcd 21571, 21574, para. 8 (1999).
130 Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No. 93-253,
Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 94-295, 9 FCC Rcd 7684, 7689, para. 12 (1994) (Competitive Bidding
Memorandum Opinion and Order
).
131 Mercury PCS II, LLC, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC 97-388, 12 FCC Rcd 17970, 17974,
17976, paras. 12, 17 (1997).
132 Mercury PCS II, LLC, Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 98-203, 13 FCC Rcd 23755, 23760, para. 11
(1998).
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statement of intent not to participate in Auction 902 bidding could also violate the rule. Applicants are
hereby placed on notice that public disclosure of information relating to bids, bidding strategies, or post-
auction market structures may violate section 1.21002.
d.

Disclosure of Bidding Agreements and Arrangements

66.
The Commission's rules do not prohibit applicants from entering into otherwise lawful
bidding agreements before filing their short-form applications, as long as they disclose the existence of
the agreements in their short-form applications.134 Applicants must identify in their short-form
applications all parties with whom they have entered into any agreements, arrangements, or
understandings of any kind relating to the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support they seek, including any
agreements relating to post-auction market structure.135
67.
If parties agree in principle on all material terms prior to the short-form application filing
deadline, each party to the agreement must identify the other party or parties to the agreement on its short-
form application under section 1.21001(b)(3), even if the agreement has not been reduced to writing.136 If
the parties have not agreed in principle by the short-form filing deadline, they should not include the
names of parties to discussions on their applications, and they may not continue negotiation, discussion or
communication with any other applicants after the short-form application filing deadline.137
68.
Section 1.21002 of the Commission's rules does not prohibit non-auction-related
business negotiations among auction applicants.138 However, certain discussions or exchanges could
touch upon impermissible subject matters because they may convey pricing information and bidding
strategies. Such subject areas include, but are not limited to, issues such as management, sales, local
marketing agreements, and other transactional agreements.139
e.

Section 1.21001(b)(4)-(5) Applicant Certifications

69.
By electronically submitting a short-form application, each applicant in Auction 902
certifies its compliance with sections 1.21001(b)(3) and 1.21002.140 In particular, an applicant must
certify under penalty of perjury that the application discloses all real parties in interest to any agreements
involving the applicant's participation in the competitive bidding for Tribal Mobility Fund support.141
(Continued from previous page)
133 Compare Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Responds to Questions About the Local Multipoint Distribution
Service Auction, Public Notice, DA 98-37, 13 FCC Rcd 341, 347-48 (1998) ("Public statements can give rise to
collusion concerns. This has occurred in the antitrust context, where certain public statements can support other
evidence which tends to indicate the existence of a conspiracy.").
134 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3)-(4).
135 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3)-(4), 1.21002.
136 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3).
137 See Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Clarifies Spectrum Auction Anti-Collusion Rules, Public Notice, DA
95-2244, 11 FCC Rcd 9645, 9646 (1995) (Anti-Collusion Public Notice).
138 See, e.g., Todd Stuart Noordyk, Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 01-275, 16 FCC Rcd 18113, 18116-17,
para. 12 (2001).
139 See Amendment of Part 1 of the Commission's Rules Competitive Bidding Procedures, WT Docket No. 97-82,
Third Report and Order and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making, FCC 97-413, 13 FCC Rcd 374, 467-
68, para. 163 (1997).
140 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3), 1.21002.
141 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(4).
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Also, the applicant must certify that it and all applicable parties have complied with and will continue to
comply with 47 C.F.R. 1.21002.142
70.
The Bureaus caution, however, that merely filing a certifying statement as part of an
application will not outweigh specific evidence that a prohibited communication has occurred, nor will it
preclude the initiation of an investigation when warranted.143 The Commission has stated that it
"intend[s] to scrutinize carefully any instances in which bidding patterns suggest that collusion may be
occurring."144 Any applicant found to have violated section 1.21001(b)(4) or (b)(5) may be subject to
sanctions.145
f.

Duty to Report Prohibited Communications

71.
Section 1.21002(c) provides that any applicant that makes or receives a communication
that appears to violate section 1.21002 must report such communication in writing to the Commission
immediately, and in no case later than five business days after the communication occurs.146 An
applicant's obligation to make such a report continues until the report has been made.147
72.
In addition, section 1.65 of the Commission's rules requires an applicant to maintain the
accuracy and completeness of information furnished in its pending application and to notify the
Commission of any substantial change that may be of decisional significance to that application.148 Thus,
section 1.65 requires an Auction 902 applicant to notify the Commission of any substantial change to the
information or certifications included in its pending short-form application. An applicant is therefore
required by section 1.65 to report to the Commission any communication the applicant has made to or
received from another applicant after the short-form application filing deadline that affects or has the
potential to affect bids or bidding strategy, unless such communication is made to or received from a
party to an agreement identified under sections 1.21001(b)(3) and (b)(4).149
73.
Sections 1.65(a) and 1.21002 of the Commission's rules require each applicant in
competitive bidding proceedings to furnish additional or corrected information within five days of a
significant occurrence, or to amend its short-form application no more than five days after the applicant
becomes aware of the need for amendment.150 These rules are intended to facilitate the auction process
by making the information available promptly to all participants and to enable the Bureaus to act
expeditiously on those changes when such action is necessary.151

142 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(5), 1.21002.
143 Nevada Wireless Order, 13 FCC Rcd at 11978, para. 13.
144 Competitive Bidding Memorandum Opinion and Order, 9 FCC Rcd at 7689, para. 12.
145 See, e.g., 47 C.F.R. 1.2109(d).
146 47 C.F.R. 1.21002(c); see also Part 1 Seventh Report and Order, 16 FCC Rcd at 17552-55, paras. 12-18. This
reporting requirement applies even if the communication of bids or bidding strategies does not result in a bidding
arrangement, agreement, or understanding. Id. at 17552, para. 12.
147 47 C.F.R. 1.21002(c).
148 47 C.F.R. 1.65; see also Part 1 Seventh Report and Order, 16 FCC Rcd at 17550-51, para. 9.
149 See Part 1 Seventh Report and Order, 16 FCC Rcd at 17550-51, para. 9.
150 Procedural Amendments to Commission Part 1 Competitive Bidding Rules, WT Docket No. 10-18, Order, FCC
10-4, 25 FCC Rcd 521, 523, para. 8 (2010) (Part 1 Procedural Amendments Order).
151 Id.
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g.

Procedure for Reporting Prohibited Communications

74.
A party reporting any prohibited communication pursuant to sections 1.65, 1.21001(b), or
1.21002(c) must take care to ensure that any report of the prohibited communication does not itself give
rise to a violation of section 1.21002.152 For example, a party's report of a prohibited communication
could violate the rule by communicating prohibited information to other applicants through the use of
Commission filing procedures that would allow such materials to be made available for public inspection.
75.
Parties must file only a single report concerning a prohibited communication and must
file that report with Commission personnel expressly charged with administering the Commission's
auctions.153 This rule is designed to minimize the risk of inadvertent dissemination of information in such
reports. Any reports required by section 1.21002(c) must be filed consistent with the instructions set forth
in this Public Notice. For Auction 902, such reports must be filed with the Chief of the Auctions and
Spectrum Access Division, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, by the most expeditious means
available. Any such report should be submitted by e-mail to the following e-mail address:
auction902@fcc.gov. If you choose instead to submit a report in hard copy, any such report must be
delivered only to Margaret W. Wiener, Chief, Auctions and Spectrum Access Division, Wireless
Telecommunications Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th Street, SW, Room 6423,
Washington, DC 20554.
76.
A party seeking to report such a prohibited communication should consider submitting its
report with a request that the report or portions of the submission be withheld from public inspection by
following the procedures specified in section 0.459 of the Commission's rules.154 We encourage such
parties to coordinate with the Auctions and Spectrum Access Division staff about the procedures for
submitting such reports.155 This Public Notice provides additional guidance on procedures for submitting
application-related information below.156
h.

Winning Bidders May Need to Disclose Terms of Agreements

77.
Each applicant that is a winning bidder may be required to disclose in its long-form
application the specific terms, conditions, and parties involved in any agreement it has entered into.157
This may apply to any bidding consortium, joint venture, partnership, or agreement, understanding, or

152 47 C.F.R. 1.65, 1.21001(b)(3)-(5), 1.21002.
153 Part 1 Procedural Amendments Order, 25 FCC Rcd at 522, para. 4. This process differs from filing procedures
used in connection with other Commission rules and processes which may call for submission of filings to the
Commission's Office of the Secretary or via the Commission's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS). Filing
through the Office of the Secretary or ECFS could allow the report to become publicly available and might result in
the communication of prohibited information to other auction applicants.
154 See 47 C.F.R. 0.459 (specifying the procedures for requests that materials or information submitted to the
Commission be withheld from public inspection). Filers requesting confidential treatment of documents must be
sure that the cover page of the filing prominently displays that the documents seek confidential treatment. For
example, a filing might include a cover page stamped with "Request for Confidential Treatment Attached" or "Not
for Public Inspection." Any such request must cover all of the material to which the request applies. See 47 C.F.R.
0.459(a).
155 See section VII below.
156 See sections III.I and III. J below.
157 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(xi) (indicating that applicants for Mobility Fund Phase I support will need to
provide such additional information as the Commission may require).
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other arrangement entered into relating to the competitive bidding process, including any agreement
relating to the post-auction market structure. Failure to comply with the Commission's rules can result in
enforcement action.
i.

Additional Information Concerning Rule Prohibiting Certain
Communications

78.
A summary listing of documents issued by the Commission and the Wireless Bureau
addressing the application of the rule prohibiting certain communications may be found in Attachment
E.158 These documents are available on the Commission's auction web page at
http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/prohibited_communications.
j.

Antitrust Laws

79.
We also remind applicants that, regardless of compliance with the Commission's rules,
they remain subject to the antitrust laws, which are designed to prevent anticompetitive behavior in the
marketplace.159 Compliance with the disclosure requirements of section 1.21002 will not insulate a party
from enforcement of the antitrust laws.160 For instance, a violation of the antitrust laws could arise out of
actions taking place well before any party submitted a short-form application.161 Similarly, the Wireless
Bureau previously reminded potential applicants and others that "[e]ven where the applicant discloses
parties with whom it has reached an agreement on the short-form application, thereby permitting
discussions with those parties, the applicant is nevertheless subject to existing antitrust laws."162
80.
To the extent the Commission becomes aware of specific allegations that suggest that
violations of the federal antitrust laws may have occurred, the Commission may refer such allegations to
the United States Department of Justice for investigation.163 If an applicant is found to have violated the

158 As noted above, these documents discuss the rule prohibiting certain communications in the context of
competitive bidding for spectrum licenses or broadcast permits, section 1.2105(c). Applicants will find this
information helpful to understanding the similar prohibition in the context of competitive bidding for Tribal
Mobility Fund support.
159 See Amendment of Part 1 of the Commission's Rules Competitive Bidding Procedures, WT Docket No. 97-82,
Third Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, FCC 99-384, 14 FCC Rcd 21558, 21560-61, para. 4 & n.17 (1999)
quoting Competitive Bidding Memorandum Opinion and Order, 9 FCC Rcd at 7689, para. 12 ("[W]e wish to
emphasize that all applicants and their owners continue to be subject to existing antitrust laws. Applicants should
note that conduct that is permissible under the Commission's Rules may be prohibited by the antitrust laws.");
Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No. 93-253,
Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 94-264, 9 FCC Rcd 6858, 6869 n.134 (1994) (Fourth Memorandum
Opinion and Order
) ("[A]pplicants will also be subject to existing antitrust laws.").
160 See Competitive Bidding Memorandum Opinion and Order, 9 FCC Rcd at 7689, para. 12. See also Justice
Department Sues Three Firms Over FCC Auction Practices, Press Release 98-536 (DOJ Nov. 10, 1998).
161 See, e.g., Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, 9 FCC Rcd at 6869 n.134. The Commission has cited a
number of examples of potentially anticompetitive actions that would be prohibited under antitrust laws: for
example, actual or potential competitors may not agree to divide territories in order to minimize competition,
regardless of whether they split a market in which they both do business, or whether they merely reserve one market
for one and another market for the other. Id.
162 Anti-Collusion Public Notice, 11 FCC Rcd at 9646.
163 Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No. 93-253,
Second Report and Order, FCC 94-61, 9 FCC Rcd 2348, 2388, para. 226 (1994) (Competitive Bidding Second
Report and Order
).
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antitrust laws or the Commission's rules in connection with its participation in the competitive bidding
process, it may be subject to a forfeiture and may be prohibited from participating in future auctions,
among other sanctions.164
3.

Due Diligence

81.
The Bureaus remind each potential bidder that it has sole responsibility for investigating
and evaluating all technical and marketplace factors that may have a bearing on the level of Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I support it submits as a bid in Auction 902. Each bidder is responsible for assuring
that, if it wins the support, it will be able to build and operate facilities in accordance with the Mobility
Fund obligations and the Commission's rules generally.
82.

Applicants should be aware that Auction 902 represents an opportunity to apply for

Mobility Fund support, subject to certain conditions and regulations. Auction 902 does not
constitute an endorsement by the FCC of any particular service, technology, or product, nor does
Mobility Fund support constitute a guarantee of business success.


83.
An applicant should perform its due diligence research and analysis before proceeding, as
it would with any new business venture. In particular, the Bureaus strongly encourage each potential
bidder to review all underlying Commission orders, including the USF/ICC Transformation Order.165
Each potential bidder should perform technical analyses or refresh its previous analyses to assure itself
that, should it become a winning bidder for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, it will be able to build
and operate facilities that will fully comply with all applicable technical and legal requirements. The
Bureaus strongly encourage each applicant to inspect any prospective transmitter sites located in, or near,
the service area for which it plans to construct transmitters with Mobility Fund support, to confirm the
availability of such sites, and to familiarize itself with the Commission's rules regarding environmental
compliance.166
84.
The Bureaus strongly encourage each applicant to conduct its own research prior to
Auction 902 in order to determine the existence of pending administrative or judicial proceedings that
might affect its decision to participate in the auction. The due diligence considerations mentioned in this
Public Notice do not comprise an exhaustive list of steps that should be undertaken prior to participating
in this auction. As always, the burden is on the potential bidder to determine how much research to
undertake, depending upon specific facts and circumstances related to its interests.
85.
The Bureaus also remind each applicant that pending and future judicial proceedings, as
well as certain pending and future proceedings before the Commission--including applications for
modification, petitions for rulemaking, requests for special temporary authority, waiver requests, petitions
to deny, petitions for reconsideration, informal objections, and applications for review--may relate to
particular licensees or applicants for support in Auction 902. Each prospective applicant is responsible
for assessing the likelihood of the various possible outcomes and for considering the potential impact on
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support available through this auction.
86.

Each applicant is solely responsible for identifying associated risks and for

investigating and evaluating the degree to which such matters may affect its ability to bid on or
otherwise receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.
Each potential bidder is responsible for

164 See, e.g., 47 C.F.R. 1.2109(d); see also Competitive Bidding Second Report and Order, 9 FCC Rcd at 2388,
para. 226.
165 See generally, USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd 17663.
166 47 C.F.R. Part 1, Subpart I.
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undertaking research to ensure that any support won in this auction will be suitable for its business plans
and needs. Each potential bidder must undertake its own assessment of the relevance and importance of
information gathered as part of its due diligence efforts.
87.
The Commission makes no representations or guarantees regarding the accuracy or
completeness of information in its databases or any third party databases, including, for example, court
docketing systems. To the extent the Commission's databases may not include all information deemed
necessary or desirable by an applicant, it must obtain or verify such information from independent sources
or assume the risk of any incompleteness or inaccuracy in said databases. Furthermore, the Commission
makes no representations or guarantees regarding the accuracy or completeness of information that has
been provided by incumbent licensees and incorporated into its databases.
4.

Use of FCC Auction System

88.
Bidders will be able to participate in Auction 902 over the Internet using the FCC
Auction System. The Commission makes no warranty whatsoever with respect to the FCC Auction
System. In no event shall the Commission, or any of its officers, employees, or agents, be liable for any
damages whatsoever (including, but not limited to, loss of business profits, business interruption, loss of
business information, or any other loss) arising out of or relating to the existence, furnishing, functioning,
or use of the FCC Auction System that is accessible to qualified bidders in connection with this auction.
Moreover, no obligation or liability will arise out of the Commission's technical, programming, or other
advice or service provided in connection with the FCC Auction System.
5.

Fraud Alert

89.
As is the case with many business investment opportunities, some unscrupulous
entrepreneurs may attempt to use Auction 902 to deceive and defraud unsuspecting investors. Common
warning signals of fraud include the following:
The first contact is a "cold call" from a telemarketer, or is made in response to an inquiry
prompted by a radio or television infomercial.
The offering materials used to invest in the venture appear to be targeted at IRA funds, for
example, by including all documents and papers needed for the transfer of funds maintained
in IRA accounts.
The amount of investment is less than $25,000.
The sales representative makes verbal representations that (a) the Internal Revenue Service,
Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), FCC, or
other government agency has approved the investment; (b) the investment is not subject to
state or federal securities laws; or (c) the investment will yield unrealistically high short-term
profits. In addition, the offering materials often include copies of actual FCC releases, or
quotes from FCC personnel, giving the appearance of FCC knowledge or approval of the
solicitation.
90.
Information about deceptive telemarketing investment schemes is available from the FCC
as well as the FTC and SEC. Additional sources of information for potential bidders and investors may
be obtained from the following sources:
the FCC's Consumer Call Center at (888) 225-5322 or by visiting
http://wireless.fcc.gov/csinfo#fraud
the FTC at (877) FTC-HELP ((877) 382-4357) or by visiting
http://ftc.gov/bcp/edu/pubs/consumer/invest/inv03.shtm
the SEC at (202) 942-7040 or by visiting
http://www.sec.gov/complaint/select.shtml.
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Complaints about specific deceptive telemarketing investment schemes should be directed to the FTC, the
SEC, or the National Fraud Information Center at (800) 876-7060.
6.

Environmental Review Requirements

91.
Recipients of Mobility Fund support, like all licensees, must comply with the
Commission's rules regarding implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act and other federal
environmental statutes.167 The construction of a wireless antenna facility is a federal action, and any
entity constructing a wireless antenna facility must comply with the Commission's environmental rules
for each such facility.168 The Commission's environmental rules require, among other things, that the
entity constructing the facility consult with expert agencies having environmental responsibilities,
including the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the State Historic Preservation Office, the Army Corps of
Engineers, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (through the local authority with jurisdiction
over floodplains). If the facility will not be located on Tribal lands as defined in the Nationwide
Programmatic Agreement Regarding the Section 106 National Historic Preservation Act Review Process
(NPA),169 the entity constructing the facility must follow the provisions of the NPA in assessing the effect
of facilities construction on historic properties. However, if the facility will be located on Tribal lands as
defined in the NPA, the entity must follow the procedures set forth in the rules of the Advisory Council
on Historic Preservation.170 The entity must prepare environmental assessments for facilities that may
have a significant impact in or on wilderness areas, wildlife preserves, threatened or endangered species
or designated critical habitats, historical or archaeological sites, Indian religious sites, floodplains, and
surface features. The entity also must prepare environmental assessments for facilities that include high
intensity white lights in residential neighborhoods or excessive radio frequency emission, or that are over
450 feet in height.171 Facilities that require antenna registration will also be required to complete an
environmental notification process.172

III.

SHORT-FORM APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS

A.

General Information Regarding Short-Form Applications

92.
An application to participate in Auction 902, referred to as a short-form application or
FCC Form 180, provides information used to determine whether the applicant is legally, technically, and
financially qualified to participate in Commission auctions for universal service funding support.173 The
short-form application is the first part of the Commission's two-phased auction application process. In
the first phase, each party desiring to participate in the auction must file a streamlined, short-form
application in which it certifies under penalty of perjury as to its qualifications.174 Each applicant must

167 47 C.F.R. Part 1, Subpart I.
168 47 C.F.R. 1.1301-1.1319.
169 47 C.F.R. Part 1, Appendix C.
170 See NPA I.D (providing that the NPA does not apply on Tribal lands unless a Tribe adopts its provisions). The
NPA defines Tribal lands as "all lands within the exterior boundaries of any Indian reservation and all dependent
Indian communities," and does not include Native Hawaiian Home Lands. Id. The rules of the Advisory Council
on Historic Preservation are set forth at 36 C.F.R. Part 800.
171 47 C.F.R. 1.1307(a), (b), (d) Note.
172 See 47 C.F.R. 17.4(c).
173 47 C.F.R. 1.21001.
174 Id.
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take seriously its duties and responsibilities and carefully determine before filing an application that it has
the legal, technical, and financial resources to participate in the auction and to meet the public interest
obligations associated with Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support. Eligibility to participate in bidding is
based on the applicant's short-form application and certifications, as explained below. In the second
phase of the process, each winning bidder must file a more comprehensive long-form application (FCC
Form 680).
93.
Every entity seeking support available in Auction 902 must file a short-form application
electronically via the FCC Auction System prior to 6:00 p.m. ET on October 9, 2013, following the
procedures prescribed in Attachment D to this Public Notice. The short-form application requires each
applicant to establish its eligibility for bidding for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support. Among other
things, to establish eligibility at the short-form stage, an applicant must certify that it is a designated ETC
in any geographic area for which it will seek support, or that it is a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity
with a pending application for ETC designation, and provide the Study Area Codes (SACs) associated
with its ETC designation and/or provide the names of its corresponding Tribal lands in lieu of SACs.
Each applicant will also be required to provide a general narrative description of its access to the
spectrum it plans to use to meet Mobility Fund obligations in the particular areas for which it plans to bid
and certify that it will retain its access to the spectrum for at least five years from the date of award of
support. If an applicant claims eligibility for a bidding credit as a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity,175
the information provided in its FCC Form 180 will be used in determining whether the applicant is
eligible for the claimed bidding credit. Below we describe more fully the information disclosures and
certifications required in the short-form application. Each applicant filing a short-form application is
subject to the Commission's rule prohibiting certain communications beginning on the deadline for filing,
as described above.176
94.
Each applicant bears full responsibility for submitting an accurate, complete, and timely
short-form application. Each applicant must certify on its short-form application under penalty of perjury
that it is legally, technically, financially, and otherwise qualified to receive universal service support
funding.177 Each applicant should read carefully the instructions set forth in Attachment D to this Public
Notice and should consult the Commission's rules to ensure that, in addition to the materials described
below, all of the information required is included in its short-form application.
95.
A party may not submit more than one short-form application for Auction 902. If a party
submits multiple short-form applications, only one application may be accepted for filing.
96.
Each applicant also should note that submission of a short-form application (and any
amendments thereto) constitutes a representation by the certifying official that he or she is an authorized
representative of the applicant, that he or she has read the form's instructions and certifications, and that
the contents of the application, its certifications, and any attachments are true and correct. An applicant is
not permitted to make major modifications to its application; such impermissible changes include a
change of the certifying official to the application.178 Submission of a false certification to the
Commission may result in penalties, including monetary forfeitures, the forfeiture of universal service
support, license forfeitures, ineligibility to participate in future auctions, and/or criminal prosecution.

175 See section III.F below.
176 See section II.C.2 above.
177 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(6).
178 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(d)(4).
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B.

SAC Identification

97.
An applicant will not be required to select the specific census blocks on which it wishes
to bid when submitting its short-form application. Based on the SACs or Tribal lands information entered
by an applicant, the FCC Auction System will identify during the application process bidding areas for
which the applicant may be eligible.179 Additional information regarding the short-form application
process is available in Attachment D.

C.

Disclosure of Bidding Arrangements

98.
An applicant will be required to identify in its short-form application all real parties in
interest to any agreements relating to the participation of the applicant in the competitive bidding for
Tribal Mobility Fund support.180
99.
Each applicant will also be required to certify under penalty of perjury in its short-form
application that it has disclosed all real parties in interest to any agreements involving the applicant's
participation in the competitive bidding for Tribal Mobility Fund support.181 If an applicant has had
discussions, but has not reached an agreement by the short-form application filing deadline, it should not
include the names of parties to the discussions on its application and may not continue such discussions
with any other applicant after the deadline.182
100.
Moreover, each applicant will also be required to certify under penalty of perjury in its
short-form application that it and all applicable parties have complied with and will continue to comply
with section 1.21002 of the Commission's rules, the rule prohibiting certain communications.183 While
section 1.21002 does not prohibit non-auction-related business negotiations among auction applicants, we
remind applicants that certain discussions or exchanges could touch upon impermissible subject matters
because they may convey pricing information and bidding strategies.184 Further, as discussed above,
compliance with the disclosure requirements of section 1.21002 of the Commission's rules will not
insulate a party from enforcement of the antitrust laws.185

179 The FCC Auction System will identify the bidding areas on which the applicant is potentially eligible to bid
based on information provided in the applicant's FCC Form 180. Applicants are reminded that this is not a
determination of eligibility under the Commission's rules. The identification of an area as one in which the
applicant is potentially eligible to bid does not mean that the applicant is actually eligible to bid for support in that
area. Some of the areas may be outside the areas for which a bidder is actually eligible to bid pursuant to the
Commission's rules--i.e., the areas in which it is designated as an ETC or, in the case of a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity, areas in its Tribal lands for which it has a pending petition for designation as an ETC.
180 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3).
181 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(4).
182 See section II.C.2 above.
183 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(5), 1.21002.
184 See section II.C.2 above.
185 Id.
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D.

Ownership Disclosure Requirements

101.
Each applicant must comply with the uniform Part 1 ownership disclosure standards and
provide information required by sections 54.1005(a)(1) and 1.2112(a) of the Commission's rules.186
Specifically, in completing the short-form application, an applicant will be required to fully disclose
information on the real party- or parties-in-interest and the ownership structure of the applicant, including
both direct and indirect ownership interests of 10 percent or more, as prescribed in section 1.2112(a) of
the Commission's rules.187 Each applicant is responsible for ensuring that information submitted in its
short-form application is complete and accurate.
102.
In certain circumstances, an applicant's most current ownership information on file with
the Commission, if in an electronic format compatible with the short-form application (such as
information submitted in an FCC Form 602 or in an FCC Form 175 filed for a previous Commission
spectrum license auction, or FCC Form 180 for a previous Mobility Fund auction using the FCC Auction
System), will automatically be entered into the applicant's short-form application (FCC Form 180). Each
applicant must carefully review any information automatically entered to confirm that it is complete and
accurate as of the deadline for filing the short-form application for Auction 902. Any information that
needs to be corrected or updated must be changed directly in the short-form application.

E.

Specific Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Eligibility Requirements and Certifications

1.

ETC Designation Certification

103.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission concluded that, in order to apply
to participate in an auction offering Mobility Fund support, any entity first had to be designated as an
ETC pursuant to Section 214 of the Communications Act in any geographic area for which it seeks
support, with one narrow exception for Tribally-owned or -controlled entities.188 An applicant must be
the entity designated by a state or the Commission as an ETC in that geographic area. For example, if a
designated ETC is a subsidiary of a parent holding company, only the subsidiary that is designated an
ETC, and not the holding company, would be eligible to participate in the auction. For purposes of
participation in the Mobility Fund, a party's ETC designation may not be limited in any way.
Accordingly, a party designated as an ETC solely for purposes of the Low Income Program cannot satisfy
the ETC eligibility requirement for the Mobility Fund on that basis.189 Of course, nothing prohibits such a
party from seeking a general designation as an ETC and then, if it receives such a designation,
participating in the Mobility Fund.

186 See 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a), 1.21001(b)(1), 54.1005(a)(1). See also USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC
Rcd at 17804, para. 418. Section 54.1005(a)(1) requires the disclosure on the short-form application of the
applicant's ownership information as set forth in 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a).
187 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a), 54.1005(a)(1).
188 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17769, para. 289; see also 47 U.S.C. 214.
189 Connect America Fund, WC Docket No. 10-90, A National Broadband Plan for Our Future, GN Docket No. 09-
51, Establishing Just and Reasonable Rates for Local Exchange Carriers, WC Docket No. 07-135, High-Cost
Universal Service Support, WC Docket No. 05-337, Developing an Unified Intercarrier Compensation Regime, CC
Docket No. 01-92, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, CC Docket No. 96-45, Lifeline and Link-Up,
WC Docket No. 03-109, Universal Service Reform Mobility Fund, WT Docket No. 10-208, Fourth Order on
Reconsideration
, FCC 12-82, 27 FCC Rcd 8814, 8821, para. 20 (2012) (Fourth Order on Reconsideration) (denying
petition filed by NTCH seeking clarification or reconsideration regarding whether Lifeline only ETCs could
participate in the Mobility Fund).
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104.
ETC status carries with it certain obligations. So that a party might obtain the required
ETC designation but not be subject to those obligations unless and until it wins any Mobility Fund
support, the Commission further determined that a party might participate with an ETC designation
conditioned upon the party winning support in the auction.190 We note that prior to Auction 901, where
the Commission granted a conditional designation, it did so contingent only on the applicant winning
Mobility Fund Phase I support, thus requiring no additional substantive determinations post-
auction.191 We anticipate that the Commission will grant any request for conditional designation in the
same manner for Auction 902, and we suggest that an applicant be mindful of this approach when
requesting a similar determination from its state's designating authority. At the short-form application
stage, an applicant will be required to state that it is designated as an ETC in any area for which it will
seek support or is a Tribal entity with a pending application to become an ETC in any such area, and
certify that the disclosure is accurate. A winning bidder will be required to provide proof of its ETC
designation in all of the areas in which it will receive support before it may receive support.
105.
The Commission further decided to permit participation by a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity192 that at the short-form application deadline has an application for ETC designation
pending for the provision of service within the boundaries of the associated Tribal land.193 The
Commission did so to afford Tribes an increased opportunity to participate at auction, in recognition of
their interest in self-government and self-provisioning on their own lands.194 A Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity whose application for ETC designation remains pending at the short-form application
deadline should provide the date the application was filed, with whom (i.e., the Commission or relevant
state regulatory agency), any file or case number associated with the application, and its current status.
106.
GRIC/GRTI supports the Commission's rule requiring an applicant to state on its short-
form application that it is designated as an ETC in any area for which it will seek support or is a Tribal
entity with a pending application to become an ETC in any such area, and to certify that the disclosure is
accurate.195 Bad River Tribe, however, argues that the Commission should only impose this requirement
as a post-auction condition of funding.196 NTUA notes with concern that the lengthy timeframe that can
be associated with resolving ETC applications may create a chilling effect on Tribal participation in the
auction.197

190 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17809, para. 439; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(a).
191 Petition of T-Mobile for FCC Designation as an Eligible Telecommunications Carrier for Mobility Fund Phase I
(Auction 901), Order, 27 FCC Rcd 7247, 7247-48, para. 1 (2012).
192 The following entities may be designated as qualifying Tribal entities: (1) Tribes, which are federally-recognized
American Indian Tribes and Alaska Native Villages; (2) Tribal consortia; and (3) entities that are more than 50
percent owned and controlled by a Tribe or Tribes. See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at
4754, para. 95 n.158
193 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a).
194 However, allowing such participation at auction in no way prejudges the ultimate decision on a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity's petition for ETC designation. Moreover, support will be disbursed only after an applicant
receives such designation. A Tribally-owned or -controlled entity that does not obtain and provide the required ETC
designation will not be entitled to any support payments and may ultimately be in default in accordance with the
rules. See 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(3)(v); 47 C.F.R. 1.21004.
195 GRIC/GRTI Comments at 8.
196 Bad River Tribe Comments at 11.
197 NTUA Comments at 5-6.
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107.
The Commission adopted the requirement that, at the time of the short-form filing
deadline, an Auction 902 applicant must be designated as an ETC for the areas on which it wishes to bid
or, if it is a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity, have a pending application for ETC designation for the
relevant areas within the boundaries of the Tribal land associated with the Tribe that owns or controls the
entity.198 These ETC designation rules cannot be amended in the context of establishing procedures for
Auction 902.
108.
Pursuant to the rules, an applicant's ETC designation must cover a sufficient portion of
the bidding area to allow it to satisfy the applicable performance requirements.199 Additionally, as
explained in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, a Tribal entity that wins support in Auction 902 while
its ETC petition is pending must receive an ETC designation prior to support being authorized.200
Although we realize that in some limited situations the ETC designation process can be arduous, the
Commission takes significant efforts to resolve pending filings before it in an expeditious manner.
2.

Access to Spectrum Description and Certification

109.
Pursuant to the rules adopted in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, and as explained in
the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, any applicant for Auction 902 must have access to the necessary
spectrum to fulfill any obligations related to support.201 In an application to participate in Auction 902,
each applicant must describe its required spectrum access and certify that the description is accurate and
that the applicant will retain such access for at least five years from the date on which it is authorized to
receive support.202 Specifically, an applicant will be required to disclose whether it currently holds,
leases, or has otherwise contracted for access to spectrum consistent with Commission rules and whether
such spectrum access is contingent on obtaining support in Auction 902. For the described spectrum
access to be sufficient as of the date of the short-form application, the applicant must obtain any necessary
approvals from the Commission for the spectrum access prior to filing the application.203 A pending
request for such an approval is not sufficient to satisfy this requirement. Furthermore, only assured access
is sufficient, which means that the access must be to licensed spectrum subject to limited access.204

198 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a), 54.1005(a)(3). A
Tribally-owned or -controlled entity must have its application for ETC designation pending at the relevant short-
form application deadline. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491.
199 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17798-99, paras. 388-92; 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(a),
54.1004(a), 54.1006.
200 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 491 (noting that allowing a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity to participate at auction while its ETC petition is pending in no way prejudges the ultimate
decision on its pending ETC petition and that support will be disbursed only after it receives ETC designation); see
also Auction 902 Comment Public Notice
, 28 FCC Rcd at 2767, para. 8; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a).
201 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17799, para. 394. The requirement that parties have access to
spectrum applies equally to all parties, including Tribally-owned or -controlled entities.
202 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(a)(4).
203 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(b) (as amended by Connect America Fund et al., WC Docket No. 10-90 et al., Order, DA
12-147, 27 FCC Rcd 605 (2012) (USF/ICC Clarification Order)).
204 Fourth Order on Reconsideration, 27 FCC Rcd at 8822-23, para. 23 (denying Townes Telecommunications'
petition for reconsideration seeking a determination that access to unlicensed spectrum would be sufficient to meet
the requirement for access to spectrum).
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110.
Tribal entities responding to the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice reiterated policy
concerns that have been raised in another rulemaking proceeding concerning the use of spectrum over
Tribal lands and the difficulties Tribes face in acquiring spectrum in the secondary market.205 Several
Tribal entities contend that requiring auction participants to have spectrum access as of the date they file
their short-form applications for Auction 902 may preclude many Tribes from participating.206 Other
Tribal entities urge the Commission to delay an applicant's certification regarding access to spectrum in
the pre-auction phase of Auction 902, and to instead impose the rule on winning bidders as a condition of
funding.207
111.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission rejected the suggestion of some
commenters to apply a more relaxed standard that might allow entities to seek to acquire access to
spectrum only after becoming a winning bidder.208 The Commission instead concluded that "failing to
ensure spectrum access, on at least a conditional basis, prior to entering a Mobility Fund Auction would
be inconsistent with the serious undertaking implicit in bidding for support."209
112.
The requirement for an applicant to obtain access to spectrum as of the date of the short-
form application was adopted by the Commission as a rule and cannot be amended in the context of
establishing procedures for Auction 902. We recognize the challenges all applicants may face in
negotiating access to spectrum over Tribal lands. The Mobility Fund rules afford entities the flexibility to
consider whatever spectrum arrangements might meet their individual needs, as long as those
arrangements comply with all Mobility Fund Phase I and other regulatory requirements. Accordingly, an
applicant for Auction 902 should identify the license applicable to the spectrum to be accessed, the
licensee, and, if the licensee is a different party than the applicant, the relationship between the applicant
and the licensee that provides the applicant with the required access sufficient to fulfill its obligations
related to the support. With the exception of the certification, the terms of which are set forth in FCC
Form 180, an applicant must provide all required information relating to spectrum access in an attachment
to FCC Form 180, designated as a "Spectrum Access" attachment.
3.

Financial and Technical Capability Certification

113.
The Commission requires that an applicant certify in the pre-auction short-form
application that it is financially and technically capable of providing 3G or better service within the
specified timeframe in the geographic areas for which it seeks support.210 This certification indicates that

205 See generally, Improving Communications Services for Native Nations by Promoting Greater Utilization of
Spectrum over Tribal Lands, WT Docket No. 11-40, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, FCC 11-29, 26 FCC Rcd 2623
(2011). See, e.g., GRIC/GRTI Comments at 6; NTTA Comments at 3 (asserting that the proceeding regarding
spectrum over Tribal lands has "for all intents and purposes stalled"); NPM/NCAI Comments at 4; LLBO Reply
Comments at 2; Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments at 4.
206 GRIC/GRTI Comments at 5; GRTI/MATI Ex Parte at 2; MATI Reply Comments at 2-3; NNTRC Comments at
8; NPM/NCAI Comments at 3 (noting that it is unclear how many Tribally-owned and operated carriers will be able
to participate in Auction 902, given their lack of access to spectrum licenses).
207 Bad River Tribe Comments at 11 (noting that pre-auction spectrum access requirements are an unnecessary
roadblock to Tribal entities seeking to provide telecommunication services to unserved Tribal lands); see also Lac
du Flambeau Reply Comments; GRIC/GRTI Comments at 6; NTTA Comments at 3 & n.8.
208 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17799-800, para. 396.
209 Id.
210 Id. at 17801, para. 401; 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(a)(2).
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an applicant for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I funds can provide the requisite service without any
assurance of ongoing support for the areas in question after Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support has
been exhausted. An applicant should be aware that in making a certification to the Commission it
exposes itself to liability for a false certification. An applicant should take care to review its resources
and its plans before making the required certification and be prepared to document its review, if
necessary.
4.

Certification that Applicant Will Not Seek Support for Areas in Which It
Has Made a Public Commitment to Deploy 3G or Better Service by
December 31, 2012

114.
The Commission requires each applicant for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support to
certify that the applicant will not seek support for any areas for which it made a public commitment to
deploy 3G or better wireless service by December 31, 2012.211 In determining whether an applicant made
such a public commitment, we would consider any public statement made with some specificity as to
geographic area, time period, and level of service. This requirement helps to assure that Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I support will not go to finance coverage that carriers would have provided in the near term
without any subsidy. Furthermore, the requirement may conserve funds and avoid displacing private
investment by making a carrier that made such a commitment ineligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
support with respect to the relevant geographic area. Because circumstances are more likely to change
over a longer term, we do not hold providers to any statements for any time period beyond December 31,
2012. Applicants should note that this restriction does not prevent a party from seeking and receiving
support for an eligible geographic area where another provider has announced such a commitment to
deploy 3G or better wireless service.212

F.

Tribally-Owned or -Controlled Providers 25% Reverse Bidding Credit

115.
The Commission adopted a 25 percent "reverse" bidding credit for Tribally-owned
or -controlled providers seeking either general or Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.213 In order to be
eligible for the bidding credit, a qualifying Tribally-owned or -controlled provider must certify in its
short-form application that it is qualified and identify the applicable Tribe and Tribal lands.214
116.
The bidding credit will effectively reduce the Tribal entity's bid amount by 25 percent for
the purpose of comparing it to other bids, thus increasing the likelihood that Tribally-owned
and -controlled entities will receive funding. If the Tribally-owned or -controlled entity were to win,
support would be calculated at the full, undiscounted bid amount. The preference is available with
respect to the eligible census blocks located within the geographic area defined by the boundaries of the
Tribal land associated with the Tribally-owned or -controlled provider seeking support.
117.
In response to the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, ARC and NNTRC ask us to
interpret broadly the types of entities that may qualify for the bidding credit.215 NTUA asserts that either

211 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17802-03, para. 410; 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(a)(5).
212 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17802-03, para. 410.
213 See id. at 17823, para. 490; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(c); see also Further Inquiry into Tribal Issues Relating to
Establishment of a Mobility Fund, WT Docket No. 10-208, Public Notice, DA 11-702, 26 FCC Rcd 5997 (2011).
214 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(c).
215 ARC Comments at 13 & n.35 (suggesting adoption of a broad view of what constitutes a Tribally-owned
or -controlled entity and recommending that the 25 percent bidding credit should be available to companies that are
locally owned and serving Native Lands in Alaska); NNTRC Comments at 8-9 (urging consideration of innovative
(continued....)
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Tribal ownership or Tribal control is sufficient for an entity to be eligible to receive the 25 percent
bidding credit.216 SRTI suggests that a Tribe that does not own an ETC should be able to designate a
Tribally-owned ETC from another Tribe to bid to serve its lands on a preferential basis.217 Commenters
also suggest that we create additional types of bidding credits for Auction 902.218
118.
As described above, the bidding credit adopted by the Commission applies only to
Tribally-owned or -controlled entities with respect to bids for support within the boundaries of associated
Tribal lands.219 In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission declined to adopt other types of
bidding credits or prioritization mechanisms.220 The rule cannot be amended in the context of
establishing procedures for Auction 902, and thus cannot be extended to apply to any entities that are not
in fact owned or controlled by the Tribe or to areas outside of the Tribe's own Tribal lands.
119.
We note that although the bidding credit applies to Tribally-owned or -controlled entities,
it was adopted in recognition of Tribes' interest in self-government and self-provisioning on their own
lands, and with the Commission's unique government-to-government relationship with Tribes in mind.221
As such, we retain discretion to look behind assertions of Tribal ownership and assertions of Tribal
control to ensure that the Tribe is the true beneficiary of the bidding credit. This standard would be
satisfied by the following entities: (1) Tribes (federally-recognized American Indian Tribes and Alaska
Native Villages); (2) Tribal consortia; and (3) entities that are more than 50 percent owned and controlled
by a Tribe or Tribes.222

G.

Commission Red Light Rules

120.
Applications to participate in Auction 902 are subject to the Commission's rules
regarding an applicant with delinquent debts, often referred to as the Commission's Red Light Rules.223
Pursuant to the Red Light Rules, unless otherwise expressly provided for, the Commission will withhold
(Continued from previous page)
arrangements whereby carriers that are not Tribally-owned, but have rights to spectrum over Tribal lands, might
have access to the Tribal bidding credit).
216 NTUA Comments at 4.
217 SRTI Comments at 8 (claiming that this approach would enhance competition and more broadly distribute the
benefits of the Tribal Mobility Fund by enabling Tribes to participate that would otherwise be left out).
218 ARC Comments at 7 (suggesting creation of a bidding credit for Alaska carriers, or some other mechanism
designed to level the playing field between Alaska and the contiguous United States, in order to ensure that at least
some Tribal Mobility support is awarded to carriers in Alaska); see also ARC Reply Comments at 5-6; NPM/NCAI
Comments at 7-8 (proposing a bidding credit of 5 percent for any bidder that proposes to serve all eligible Tribal
lands, rather than the portion regarded as the most economically desirable for the bidder).
219 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17823, para. 490; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(c).
220 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17789-90, paras. 355-57.
221 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17818-23, paras. 479, 484, 490-91; see also Statement of
Policy on Establishing a Government-to-Government Relationship with Indian Tribes, Policy Statement, 16 FCC
Rcd 4078, 4080-81 (2000) (recognizing the Commission's general trust relationship with, and responsibility to,
federally recognized Tribes).
222 Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4754, para. 95 n.158; see also section III.E.1 above.
223 Parties familiar with spectrum license auctions should note that the stricter spectrum license application rules
supersede the Commission's Red Light Rules in the context of a spectrum license auction. See 47 C.F.R.
1.1902(f). No corresponding provision applies with respect to Auction 902, however. Accordingly, the
Commission's standard Red Light Rules will apply.
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action on an application by any entity found to be delinquent in its debt to the Commission for purposes
of the Red Light Rule.224 Accordingly, parties interested in filing applications to participate in
Auction 902 should review the status of any debts that they owe the Commission before submitting their
application and resolve any delinquent debts. The Commission maintains a Red Light Display System
(RLD) to enable entities doing business with the FCC to determine if they have any outstanding
delinquent debt. The RLD enables a party to check the status of its account by individual FCC
Registration Numbers (FRNs), and links other FRNs sharing the same Tax Identification Number (TIN)
when determining whether there are outstanding delinquent debts. The RLD is available at
https://www.fcc.gov/redlight/. Additional information is available at
https://transition.fcc.gov/debt_collection/.

H.

USF Debarment

121.
The Commission's rules provide for the debarment of those convicted of or found civilly
liable for defrauding the high-cost support program.225 Applicants are reminded that those rules apply
with equal force to the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I.

I.

Minor Modifications to Short-Form Applications

122.
After the deadline for filing short-form applications, an Auction 902 applicant is
permitted to make only minor changes to its application. Permissible minor changes include, among
other things, deletion and addition of authorized bidders (to a maximum of three) and revision of the
addresses and telephone numbers of the applicant and its contact person.226 An applicant is not permitted
to make a major modification to its application (e.g., change in control of the applicant or change of the
certifying official) after the initial application filing deadline.227 Thus, any change in control of an
applicant, resulting from a merger, for example, will be considered a major modification, and the
application will consequently be dismissed.228
123.
If an applicant wishes to make permissible minor changes to its short-form application,
such changes should be made electronically to its short-form application using the FCC Auction System
whenever possible. For the change to be submitted and considered by the Commission, be sure to click
on the SUBMIT button. After the revised application has been submitted, a confirmation page will be
displayed that states the submission time, submission date, and a unique file number.229
124.
An applicant cannot use the FCC Auction System outside of the initial and resubmission
filing windows to make changes to its short-form application other than administrative changes (e.g.,
changing certain contact information or the name of an authorized bidder). If permissible minor changes
need to be made outside of these windows, the applicant must submit a letter briefly summarizing the
changes and subsequently update its short-form application in the FCC Auction System once it is

224 47 C.F.R. 1.1910(b)(2).
225 47 C.F.R. 54.8.
226 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(d)(5).
227 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(d)(4).
228 We reiterate that even if an applicant's short-form application is dismissed, the applicant would remain subject to
the communication prohibitions of 47 C.F.R. 1.21002 until the long-form application deadline after the auction
closes.
229 The Bureaus advise applicants to print and retain a copy of this confirmation page.
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available. Moreover, after the filing window has closed, the system will not permit applicants to make
certain changes, such as the applicant's legal classification.
125.
Any letter describing changes to an applicant's short-form application must be submitted
by e-mail to auction902@fcc.gov. The e-mail summarizing the changes must include a subject or caption
referring to Auction 902 and the name of the applicant, for example, "RE: Changes to Auction 902 Short-
Form Application of ABC Corp." The Bureaus request that parties format any attachments to e-mail as
Adobe Acrobat (pdf) or Microsoft Word documents. Questions about short-form application
amendments should be directed to the Auctions and Spectrum Access Division at (202) 418-0660.
126.
Any application amendment and related statements of fact must be certified by an
appropriate party. Appropriate parties include one of the partners if the applicant is a partnership; an
officer, director, or duly authorized employee, if the applicant is a corporation; or a member who is an
officer, if the applicant is an unincorporated association.230
127.
Applicants must not submit application-specific material through the Commission's
Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS), which was used for submitting comments regarding Auction
902. Further, parties submitting information related to their applications should use caution to ensure that
their submissions do not contain confidential information or communicate information that would violate
section 1.21002 or the limited information procedures adopted for Auction 902.231 A party seeking to
submit information that might reflect non-public information should consider submitting any such
information along with a request that the filing or portions of the filing be withheld from public inspection
until the end of the prohibition of certain communications pursuant to section 1.21002.232

J.

Maintaining Current Information in Short-Form Applications

128.
Section 1.65 of the Commission's rules requires an applicant to maintain the accuracy
and completeness of information furnished in its pending application.233 If an amendment reporting
changes is a "major amendment," as defined by section 1.21001(d)(4), the major amendment will not be
accepted and may result in the dismissal of the application.234 As noted above, after the application filing
deadline, applicants may make only minor changes to their applications. Such changes must be made in
the manner described in section III.I above.

IV.

PRE-AUCTION PROCEDURES

A.

Online Auction Tutorial Available September 25, 2013

129.
No later than Wednesday, September 25, 2013, the Commission will post an educational
auction tutorial on the Auction 902 web page for prospective bidders to familiarize themselves with the
auction process. This online tutorial will provide information about pre-auction procedures, completing
short-form applications, auction conduct, the FCC Auction System, auction rules, and Mobility Fund
rules. The tutorial will also provide an avenue to ask FCC staff questions about the auction, auction
procedures, filing requirements, and other matters related to this auction.

230 See 47 C.F.R. 1.917.
231 See section II.C.2 above; see also section V.A.4 below.
232 See 47 C.F.R. 0.459.
233 47 C.F.R. 1.65.
234 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(d)(4).
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130.
This interactive, online tutorial should provide an efficient and effective way for
interested parties to further their understanding of the auction process. The Auction 902 online tutorial
will allow viewers to navigate the presentation outline, review written notes, listen to audio of the notes,
and search for topics using a text search function. Additional features of this web-based tool include links
to auction-specific Commission releases, e-mail links for contacting Commission staff, and a timeline
with deadlines for auction preparation. The online tutorial will be accessible through a web browser with
Adobe Flash Player.235 As always, Commission staff will be available to promptly answer questions
posed by telephone and e-mail throughout the auction process.236
131.
The auction tutorial will be accessible from the FCC's Auction 902 web page at
http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/902/ through an "Auction Tutorial" link. Once posted, this tutorial will
remain available for reference in connection with the procedures outlined in this Public Notice and
accessible anytime.

B.

Short-Form Applications Due Prior to 6:00 p.m. ET on October 9, 2013

132.
In order to be eligible to bid in this auction, applicants must first follow the procedures
set forth in Attachment D to this Public Notice to submit a short-form application (FCC Form 180)
electronically via the FCC Auction System. This short-form application must be submitted prior to 6:00
p.m. ET on October 9, 2013.

Late applications will not be accepted.

No application fee is required.
133.
Applications may generally be filed at any time beginning at noon ET on September 25,
2013, until the filing window closes at 6:00 p.m. ET on October 9, 2013. We strongly encourage
applicants to file early and allow for adequate time for the filing process. Applications can be updated or
amended multiple times until the filing deadline on October 9, 2013.
134.
An applicant must always click on the SUBMIT button on the "Certify & Submit" screen
to successfully submit its FCC Form 180 and any modifications; otherwise the application or changes to
the application will not be received or reviewed by Commission staff. Additional information about
accessing, completing, and viewing the FCC Form 180 is included in Attachment D. FCC Auctions
Technical Support is available at (877) 480-3201, option nine; (202) 414-1250; or (202) 414-1255 (text
telephone (TTY)); hours of service are Monday through Friday, from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. ET. In order
to provide better service to the public, all calls to Technical Support are recorded.

C.

Application Processing and Minor Corrections

135.
After the deadline for filing FCC Form 180 applications, Commission staff will process
all timely submitted applications to determine which are complete, and subsequently will issue a public
notice identifying (1) those that are complete; (2) those that are rejected; and (3) those that are incomplete
or deficient because of minor defects that may be corrected. The public notice will include the deadline
for resubmitting corrected applications.
136.
As described above, after the application filing deadline on October 9, 2013, applicants
can make only minor corrections to their applications.237 They will not be permitted to make major
modifications (e.g., change control of the applicant or change of the certifying official).238

235 Most users will already have the Flash Player browser plug-in, which can be downloaded from
http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/.
236 Contact information for subject matter experts may be found in section VII of this Public Notice, below.
237 See section III.I above.
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137.
Commission staff will communicate only with an applicant's contact person or certifying
official, as designated on the short-form application, unless the applicant's certifying official or contact
person notifies the Commission in writing that applicant's counsel or other representative is authorized to
speak on its behalf.239 Authorizations may be sent by e-mail to auction902@fcc.gov.

D.

Auction Registration

138.
Approximately ten days before the auction, the Bureaus will issue a public notice
announcing all qualified bidders for the auction. Qualified bidders are those applicants with submitted
FCC Form 180 applications that are deemed timely-filed, accurate, and complete.
139.
All qualified bidders are automatically registered for the auction. Registration materials
will be distributed prior to the auction by overnight mail. The mailing will be sent only to the contact
person at the contact address listed in the FCC Form 180 and will include the SecurID tokens that will
be required to place bids, the "FCC Auction System Bidder's Guide," and the Auction Bidder Line
telephone number for bidding questions.
140.
Qualified bidders that do not receive this registration mailing will not be able to submit
bids. Therefore, any qualified bidder that has not received this mailing by noon on Wednesday,
December 11, 2013, should call the Auctions Hotline at (717) 338-2868. Receipt of this registration
mailing is critical to participating in the auction, and each applicant is responsible for ensuring it has
received all of the registration material.
141.
In the event that SecurID tokens are lost or damaged, only a person who has been
designated as an authorized bidder, the contact person, or the certifying official on the applicant's short-
form application may request replacements. To request replacement of these items, call Technical
Support at (877) 480-3201, option nine; (202) 414-1250; or (202) 414-1255 (TTY).

E.

Remote Electronic Bidding

142.
The Commission will conduct this auction over the Internet. Only qualified bidders are
permitted to bid. Each authorized bidder must have its own SecurID token, which the Commission will
provide at no charge. Each applicant with one authorized bidder will be issued two SecurID tokens,
while applicants with two or three authorized bidders will be issued three tokens. Bidders cannot bid
without their SecurID tokens.

For security purposes, the SecurID

tokens, a telephone number for
bidding questions, and the "FCC Auction System Bidder's Guide" are only mailed to the contact
person at the contact address listed on the FCC Form 180.
Each SecurID token is tailored to a
specific auction. SecurID tokens issued for other auctions or obtained from a source other than the FCC
will not work for Auction 902.
143.
The SecurID tokens can be recycled and the Bureaus encourage bidders to return the
tokens to the FCC. Pre-addressed envelopes will be provided to return the tokens once the auction has
ended.
(Continued from previous page)
238 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(d)(4); see also Two Way Radio of North Carolina, Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order,
FCC 99-189, 14 FCC Rcd 12035 (1999).
239 In no event, however, will the Commission send auction registration materials to anyone other than the contact
person listed on the applicant's FCC Form 180 or respond to a request for replacement registration materials from
anyone other than the authorized bidder, contact person, or certifying official listed on the applicant's FCC Form
180. See section IV.D below.
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F.

Mock Auction December 16, 2013

144.
All qualified bidders will be eligible to participate in a mock auction on Monday,
December 16, 2013. The mock auction will enable qualified bidders to become familiar with the FCC
Auction System and to practice submitting bids prior to the auction. We strongly recommend that all
qualified bidders participate to gain experience with the bidding procedures. Details will be announced
by public notice.

V.

AUCTION EVENT

A.

Auction Structure Reverse Auction Mechanism

145.
Auction 902 will be held on Thursday, December 19, 2013.240 The start and finish time
of the bidding round will be announced in a public notice listing the qualified bidders, which will be
released approximately 10 days before the start of the auction. Our choice of auction design for Auction
902--a single-round format with other design characteristics described below--is specific to the
particular context of the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction.241 The choices we make here do not
prejudge our future auction design choices for other phases of the Mobility Fund or other competitive
bidding mechanisms related to the USF.
1.

Single-Round Sealed-Bid Reverse Auction Format

146.
We will conduct Auction 902 using a single round of bidding.242 All commenters
addressing auction format issues support a single-round auction. Numerous commenters believe this
format will keep the auction streamlined and efficient.243 Several commenters note that a multiple-round
bidding format would complicate the auction process and may not allow for full participation.244
147.
We conclude that a multiple-round auction would not be appropriate in the context of the
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction. We recognize that multiple-round auctions can have important
advantages, and in fact, the Commission generally uses a multiple-round format for its spectrum license
auctions. However, we do not believe that the circumstances favoring a multiple-round auction--i.e.,
when there are strong interactions among items and when bidders are unsure as to the market value of the
item--are significant enough here to outweigh our concerns about the complexity it would add to the
auction.245 We also give particular weight on this issue to comments on behalf of a Tribe and a Tribal

240 See para. 6 above.
241 Two commenters question whether a reverse auction represents the best method of distributing support to Tribal
lands. ARC Comments at 10; SRTI Comments at 2. The Commission decided to use a reverse auction for Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, and that decision is not subject to review here by the
Bureaus. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17821-22, paras. 486-87; see also Fourth Order on
Reconsideration
, 27 FCC Rcd at 8817, para. 6 (denying Blooston Rural Carriers' claim that the Commission's
adoption of the reverse auction format was arbitrary or capricious, and affirming the Commission's conclusion that
the auction mechanism adopted in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, coupled with eligibility and performance
requirements, best ensures that mobile broadband is deployed quickly to unserved areas by well-qualified carriers).
242 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2774-75, paras. 27-29 (seeking comment on which
reverse auction design would be the most appropriate for the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction).
243 CCA Comments at 6; Commnet Comments at 3, 5; RTG Comments at 4; SIW Comments at 7.
244 Bad River Tribe Comments at 12; Commnet Comments at 6, 11; RTG Comments at 4.
245 See CCA Comments at 6; Commnet Comments at 5-6; see also Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC
Rcd at 4761, para. 129 (deciding to implement a single-round auction format for Auction 901 because the
(continued....)
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entity, which argue, respectively, that a single-round process would place less of a burden on Tribal
entities and would facilitate the process of gaining Tribal leadership approval, where required.246 As a
result, we will conduct Auction 902 using a single round of bidding.
2.

Aggregation Method Predefined Aggregation

148.
The Commission determined that the census block should be the minimum geographic
building block for which support is provided, but left to the Bureaus the task of deciding how to facilitate
bidding on aggregations of eligible census blocks.247 The Commission recognized that some aggregation
of census blocks may be necessary because census blocks are numerous and can be quite small, but
encouraged the Bureaus to consider permitting bidding on individual census blocks in Alaska because
they are so much larger on average than census blocks elsewhere.248
149.
Aggregation of census blocks by Tribal lands and census tracts. In the Auction 902
Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus proposed aggregating eligible census blocks by Tribal land, and
subdividing the aggregation by census tract where applicable. That is, for any Tribal land covering more
than one census tract, the eligible census blocks would be aggregated into one bidding area for each
tract.249 A bidder would bid on these bidding areas, not on individual census blocks.250 The Bureaus
proposed that while census blocks in Alaska are larger than those in other parts of the country,
aggregations by Tribal land and census tract--due to many instances of census tracts in Alaska covering
multiple Tribal lands--would result in Alaska aggregations being closer in size to the aggregations in
other parts of the country. The Bureaus therefore sought comment on using the same aggregation process
in Alaska as elsewhere.251 The commenters generally support the Bureaus' proposal to aggregate census
blocks,252 with certain caveats for Alaska, as noted below.
150.
In all eligible areas other than in Alaska, we adopt our original proposal to establish
bidding areas consisting of predefined aggregations of eligible census blocks. Under this approach,
eligible census blocks will be grouped by the Tribal land in which they are located, and bidders will be
able to bid for support for these bidding areas. Bidders will not bid on individual blocks, except for some
blocks in Alaska as described below. If a single Tribal land includes more than one census tract, then the
Tribal land will be subdivided by tract for bidding area purposes; there will be one bidding area for each
tract in the Tribal land. For each bidding area on which a bidder bids, the bidder will indicate a per-pop
(Continued from previous page)
circumstances favoring a multiple-round auction were not significant enough to outweigh concerns about added
complexity).
246 Bad River Tribe Comments at 12; SIW Comments at 7.
247 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17787-88, para. 346; 47 C.F.R. 54.1002(a).
248 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17787-88, paras. 346-47.
249 Aggregating by Tribal lands may also create--for any census tract with more than one Tribal land--more than
one bidding area for the tract.
250 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2775, para. 31.
251 Id. at 2775, para. 34.
252 GRIC/GRTI Comments at 8-9 (supporting the Bureaus' proposal to aggregate census blocks by Tribal lands and
census tracts, and arguing that if aggregation of census blocks were to result in aggregated areas covering multiple
Tribal lands, Tribal bidders should retain the important benefits of the Tribal bidding credit and remaining eligible to
participate in Auction 902 with a pending ETC petition); RTG Comments at 3-4 (supporting the proposed
aggregation approach as "administratively efficient" and noting that it would facilitate the Tribal engagement
process); LLBO Comments at 6; see also Bad River Tribe Comments at 9 n.6.
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price to cover the population in the bidding area. The auction will assign support to an awardee equal to
the per-pop rate of its bid multiplied by the population associated with the eligible census blocks within
the bidding area as shown in the files provided by the Bureaus. A bidder may bid on multiple bidding
areas and win support for any or all of them.253 An awardee will be required to cover a given percentage
of the total population of the eligible census blocks in the bidding area.
151.
As discussed above, for Alaska the eligible Tribal lands will be identified using not only
the Alaska Native village statistical areas (ANVSAs) that were originally proposed for inclusion in
Auction 902, but also the boundaries of the twelve geographic Alaska Native regional corporations and
the Annette Island Reserve, which together cover the entire state of Alaska. This requires that we
establish bidding areas that are different from those originally proposed for Alaska. The eligible census
blocks in ANVSAs will be aggregated as proposed. That is, eligible census blocks will be aggregated by
Alaska Native village statistical areas, and if an ANVSA covers more than one tract, there will be a
bidding area for each tract in that ANVSA.
152.
For areas outside of ANVSAs, aggregation of all eligible blocks within a tract within an
Alaskan Native regional corporation could result in bidding areas so vast that it could dampen
participation in Auction 902 and thwart expansion of services to currently unserved populations. GCI
suggests that the Bureaus allow bidders in Alaska to aggregate one or more contiguous census blocks
within a census tract to create a smaller geographic bidding area.254
153.
We conclude that for eligible census blocks in Alaska outside of ANVSAs, each block
will be a single bidding area, and we will not aggregate census blocks. As with other bidding areas,
bidders will indicate a per-pop price to cover the population in the block. The auction will assign support
to an awardee equal to the per-pop rate of its bid multiplied by the population associated with the eligible
census block, as shown in the files provided by the Bureaus. A bidder may bid on multiple bidding
areas--be they individual blocks and/or predefined aggregations of blocks--and may win support for any
or all of them.
154.
The Bureaus conclude that aggregating census blocks into ANVSAs and tracts for
bidding, except for blocks outside of ANVSAs, will provide a manageable bidding process, both for
participants and the Commission, particularly in light of the speed with which we want to proceed in
distributing this one-time support.255
155.
The aggregation option that we adopt does not permit package bidding--that is, it does
not permit bidders to create their own groupings of census blocks on which to submit all-or-nothing bids.
We therefore reject the suggestions of GCI and WST for bidder-customized bidding areas.256 The

253 As discussed below in section V.B.1, this approach requires separate bids on individual bidding areas.
254 GCI Comments at 3-4 (arguing that this would facilitate bidders' "natural incentive to bid on a grouping of
census blocks that corresponds to a typical built-out area").
255 In addition to providing a manageable bidding process, aggregating by ANVSAs and census tracts will facilitate
application of the special ETC designation provisions and bidding credits available to Tribally-owned
and -controlled entities, and will also help bidders identify the appropriate Tribal government officials for Tribal
engagement in Alaska. See section II.A.2 above.
256 GCI Comments at 3-4 & n.8 (recognizing, however, "that such a mechanism would lack the benefits of speed
and simplicity achieved by the Bureaus' proposed procedures"); WST Comments at 5; see also Bad River Tribe
Comments at 9 n.6 (requesting that its proposed Tribal Service Area be regarded as a single eligible area for
purposes of bidding).
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aggregation option we adopt allows a bidder to bid on as many bidding areas, including blocks in Alaska
outside of the ANVSAs, as they wish, and to win support for any or all of those bidding areas.
156.
Coverage requirement. Under the aggregation approach we adopt as described above,
each awardee will be required to provide voice and broadband service meeting the established minimum
standards over at least 75 percent of the population associated with each bidding area for which it receives
support--that is, at least 75 percent of the total population of the eligible blocks that comprise the bidding
area.257 If a winning bidder covers more than 75 percent of the population within the required timeframe,
it may collect support for up to 100 percent of the population in the bidding area.258
3.

Winner Selection Process

157.
Under the auction format that we adopt, during the single bidding round, bidders will be
able to submit bids that indicate a per-pop support price at which they are willing to meet our
requirements to cover the population in the eligible census blocks of the bidding areas covered by the
bids. The population of each bidding area can be found in Attachment A.
158.
In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus proposed that, in general, the
auction system would rank all bids from lowest to highest based on the per-pop bid amount, and assign
support first to the lowest per-pop bid.259 We sought comment on various issues relating to implementing
this proposal.260 Commenters generally do not address this issue.261
159.
After the single bidding round closes, the FCC Auction System will rank bids from
lowest to highest per-pop bid amount and assign support first to the lowest per-pop bid.262 An amount
equal to the per-pop bid times the population in the bidding area will be deducted from the total available
funds. The auction system will continue to assign support to the next lowest per-pop bid in turn, as long
as support has not already been assigned for that geographic area, deducting assigned support funds from
the remaining available funds. The auction system will stop assigning support when the next ranked per-
pop bid implies a support amount exceeding the remaining funds available.263 This procedure will help to

257 See section VI.C.1 below (addressing comments received on this issue). The required minimum standards for
service will depend on whether a winning bidder elects to deploy 3G or 4G service. USF/ICC Transformation
Order
, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792-93, paras. 365, 367; 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a)-(b). Pursuant to the USF/ICC
Transformation Order,
awardees meeting the minimum coverage requirement could receive their winning bid
amount for that population and for any additional population covered in excess of the 75 percent minimum, up to
100 percent of the population associated with the eligible blocks, subject to the rules on disbursement of support.
See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17793, para. 367; 47 U.S.C. 54.1008.
258 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792-93, paras. 365, 367.
259 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2776, para. 37; see also 47 U.S.C. 1.21003(b)(9)
(specifying that a public notice detailing competitive bidding procedures may establish the process for reviewing
bids and determining the winning bidders).
260 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2776-77, para. 38 (seeking comment on details with
respect to determining awardees in a single-round auction).
261 We address elsewhere comments on issues that will affect the relative position of particular bids in the rank
order, e.g., the bidding credits available to some bidders. See section III.F above.
262 For bidders claiming eligibility for a Tribal entity bidding credit, the auction system will reduce those bid
amounts by 25 percent for the purpose of comparing them to other bids, thus increasing the likelihood that Tribally-
owned and -controlled entities will receive funding. See section III.F above.
263 This method of identifying winning bidders will likely result in monies remaining in the fund after identifying
the last lowest per-pop bid that does not exceed the funds available. In Auction 901, bids that would have required
(continued....)
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avoid assigning funds only to very small components of larger areas that bidders may have tried to
aggregate. A bidder will be eligible to receive support for each of its winning bids equal to the per-pop
rate of the bid multiplied by the population in the eligible census blocks covered by the bid, subject to
meeting the obligations associated with receiving support.
160.
We implement this procedure here, which is different from the procedure used in Auction
901, consistent with the Commission's commitment to fiscal responsibility,264 to help address the
possibility that this auction may elicit less robust competition than Auction 901, because there are fewer
eligible areas available for support. Though we decline to set a reserve price for this auction,265 we
establish an alternative safeguard against unreasonably high bids, because we seek to ensure that the finite
resource of universal service support is used to extend mobile voice and broadband services to as many
people on Tribal lands as possible. Specifically, the Bureaus may, in their sole discretion, stop assigning
support in the rank order of per-pop bids immediately prior to a bid even though funds remain available.
In determining when to exercise this authority, the Bureaus will carefully consider the costs and benefits
given the unique challenges associated with deploying mobile broadband on Tribal lands,266 as well as
whether dedication of the funds to other programs for eligible Tribal lands could help bring broadband to
a greater number of people in those lands. We conclude that these steps will reduce incentives to submit
extremely high per-pop bids in an attempt to take advantage of the potential for reduced competition
relative to Auction 901 and help assure that winning bids will make cost-effective use of our limited
funds.267
161.
Bids will be assigned a random selection number that will be used to determine the
ranking of tied bids. If there are any identical bids--in the same per-pop amounts to cover the same
block, submitted by different bidders--only the bid with the highest random selection number will be
considered in the ranking. Tied bids for different areas, submitted by the same or different bidders, will
be considered for support in the order of the random number.268
162.
Commenters generally do not address the winner determination process. While some
commenters are concerned that the proposed auction format favors areas with higher population densities
and companies with more efficient cost structures,269 the Commission has determined that these efficiency
implications of the auction format will facilitate an allocation of funds that achieves the goal of
(Continued from previous page)
more support than what was available were skipped until the ranking reached a bid that implied a support amount
that did not exceed the support available. See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4766, para.
145.
264 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17670, para. 11 (describing the Commission's goal of
reducing waste and inefficiency and recognizing that American consumers and businesses ultimately pay for USF);
see also id. at 17821, para. 485 (establishing a $50 million budget for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I consistent with
the Commission's commitment to fiscal responsibility).
265 See para. 169 below.
266 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17820, para. 482.
267 See id. at 17772-73, para. 298.
268 Bidders that submit multiple bids for the same per-pop amount for different areas, but that have a preference for
the order in which we consider such bids, may wish to vary the per-pop bid by some small amount in order to
indicate a preferential ranking of the tied bids that otherwise will be ranked randomly.
269 See ARC Comments at 7; NPRM/NCAI Comments at 7; SRTI Comments at 2-3, 6.
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maximizing the population covered by new mobile services to Tribal lands without exceeding the budget
of $50 million.270
4.

Limited Information Disclosure Procedures: Information Available to
Bidders Before and During the Auction

163.
We will conduct Auction 902 using procedures for limited information disclosure, as we
proposed, and as we have discretion to do under the rules adopted in the USF/ICC Transformation
Order
.271 That is, for Auction 902, the Bureaus will withhold, until after the close of bidding and
announcement of auction results, the public release of (1) information from applicants' short-form
applications regarding their interests in bidding areas in particular Tribal lands and (2) information that
may reveal the identities of bidders placing bids and taking other bidding-related actions.272 Because we
will conduct Auction 902 using a single round of bidding, we do not anticipate a need to release bidding-
related actions during the auction as we would in a multiple-round auction. If such circumstances arise
prior to the release of non-public information and auction results, however, we will not indicate the
identity of any bidders taking such actions. After the close of bidding, information regarding applicants'
interests in eligible areas in particular Tribal lands, their bids, and any other bidding-related actions and
information will be made publicly available.
5.

Auction Delay, Suspension, or Cancellation

164.
In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus proposed that, by public notice
or by announcement during the auction, we may delay, suspend, or cancel the auction in the event of
natural disaster, technical obstacle, administrative or weather necessity, evidence of an auction security
breach or unlawful bidding activity, or for any other reason that affects the fair and efficient conduct of
competitive bidding.273 We received no comments on this issue.
165.
Because this approach has proven effective in resolving exigent circumstances in
previous auctions, the Bureaus adopt these proposals regarding auction delay, suspension, or cancellation.
By public notice or by announcement during the auction, we may delay, suspend, or cancel the auction in
the event of natural disaster, technical obstacle, administrative or weather necessity, evidence of an
auction security breach or unlawful bidding activity, or for any other reason that affects the fair and
efficient conduct of competitive bidding. In such cases, the Bureaus, in their sole discretion, may elect to
resume the auction starting from the point at which the auction was suspended, or cancel the auction in its
entirety. Network interruption may cause the Bureaus to delay or suspend the auction. We emphasize
that we will exercise this authority solely at our discretion.

270 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17821-22, paras. 486-88.
271 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2777, para. 41; USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC
Rcd at 17807, para. 431; see 47 C.F.R. 1.21003(b)(1); see also, e.g., Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27
FCC Rcd at 4766-67, para. 147; Auction of 700 MHz Band Licenses Scheduled for January 24, 2008; Notice and
Filing Requirements, Minimum Opening Bids, Reserve Prices, Upfront Payments, and Other Procedures for
Auctions 73 and 76, Public Notice, DA 07-4171, 22 FCC Rcd 18141, 18181-85, paras. 145-56 (2007); Auction of
Advanced Wireless Services Licenses Scheduled for June 29, 2006; Notice and Filing Requirements, Minimum
Opening Bids, Upfront Payments and Other Procedures for Auction No. 66, Public Notice, FCC 06-47, 21 FCC Rcd
4562, 4600-05, paras. 140-57 (2006).
272 We did not receive any comments addressing this proposal. See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC
Rcd at 2777, para. 41.
273 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2778, para. 44.
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B.

Bidding Procedures

1.

Bidding

166.
All bidding will take place through the web-based FCC Auction System. To place bids a
bidder will upload a text file that includes, for each bid, the bidding area name and the bid amount,
expressed in a dollars per-pop price to cover the population in the eligible census blocks of that bidding
area. When a bidder uploads a bid file, the FCC Auction System will provide a verification that includes
the bidding area names, the dollars per-pop bid for each bidding area, the population in each bidding area,
the total bid amount for each bidding area, and the county, state, and Tribal land for each bidding area.
The bidder then submits the bids, or the bidder can cancel the bids if it wishes to make changes.
167.
Bidders must submit their bids before the finish time of the bidding round, which will be
announced in a public notice listing the qualified bidders, and which will be released approximately 10
days before the start of the auction.274
2.

Reserve Prices

168.
In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, we sought comment on whether any
maximum acceptable per-pop bid amounts, reserve amounts, or maximum opening bid amounts would be
appropriate for Auction 902.275 One commenter suggests that we may want to consider some sort of
reserve price or maximum acceptable bid amount.276 Bad River Tribe and CCA oppose adoption of
maximum acceptable bid amounts or reserve prices.277 CCA argues that an adequate amount of
competition exists to constrain bid amounts, especially in light of the finite amount of funding allocated
for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I.278
169.
We conclude that a reserve price is not needed to ensure the commitment to fiscal
responsibility made in the USF/ICC Transformation Order.279 We agree with CCA that cross-area
competition for support from a budget that is not likely to cover support for all of the areas receiving bids
will constrain the bid amounts, and that a reserve price is not needed to guard against any unreasonably
high winning bids.280 We note that the stopping procedures we adopt will also help to guard against the
possibility that funds will be assigned at very high per-pop bid amounts. As discussed above, we will
stop assigning support at the point at which remaining funds are insufficient to satisfy the next ranked

274 We did not receive any comments addressing our proposal to announce the start time for bidding in a public
notice to be released at least one week before the start of the auction. See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28
FCC Rcd at 2778, para. 43.
275 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2778, para. 46. See also USF/ICC Transformation Order,
26 FCC Rcd at 17806, para. 423-24; 47 C.F.R. 1.21003(b)(4).
276 LLBO Comments at 6.
277 Bad River Tribe Comments at 12; CCA Comments at 7.
278 CCA Comments at 7.
279 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17670, para. 11 (describing the Commission's goal of
reducing waste and inefficiency and recognizing that American consumers and businesses ultimately pay for USF);
see also id. at 17821, para. 485 (establishing a $50 million budget for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I consistent with
the Commission's commitment to fiscal responsibility).
280 CCA Comments at 7; see also Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4767-68, para. 152.
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per-pop bid.281 In addition, as also discussed above, we retain the authority to stop the assignment of
support to unreasonably high per-pop bids.282
3.

Bid Removal

170.
For Auction 902, before the end of the single round of bidding, a bidder will have the
option of removing any bid it has placed. By removing a selected bid, a bidder may effectively "undo" a
bid placed within the single round of bidding. Once the single round of bidding ends, a bidder may no
longer remove any of its bids.
171.
To remove bids a bidder will upload a text file that includes the bidding area name for
each bid it wants to remove. When a bidder uploads such a file, the FCC Auction System will provide a
verification that includes the bidding area names, and the county, state, and Tribal land for each bidding
area. This decision on bid removal is consistent with our proposal.283 We received no comments on this
issue. We thus find this approach reasonable to use here.
4.

Auction Announcements

172.
The Bureaus will use auction announcements to report necessary information. All
auction announcements will be available by clicking a link in the FCC Auction System.
5.

Auction Results

173.
The Bureaus will determine the winning bids based on the lowest per-pop bids, as
described elsewhere in this Public Notice.284 After the Bureaus announce the auction results, we will
provide downloadable files of the bidding and results data.

VI.

POST-AUCTION PROCEDURES

A.

General Information Regarding Long-Form Applications

174.
After the conclusion of Auction 902, each winning bidder will be required to file a long-
form application to demonstrate that it qualifies for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.285 Shortly after
bidding has ended, the Commission will issue a public notice declaring the auction closed, identifying the
winning bidders, and establishing the deadline for the long-form application. Winning bidders will use
FCC Form 680 and the FCC Auction System to submit the long-form application. The public notice
announcing the close of the auction will provide details regarding the submission and processing of the
long-form application. Unless otherwise provided by public notice, as was the case for Auction 901, a
winning bidder must file its long-form application no later than 10 business days after being identified by
public notice as such a winning bidder.286 We note that in Auction 901, winning bidders initially had 21
business days to file long-form applications,287 and this deadline was later extended to 23 business

281 Thus, in Auction 902, we will not award support at higher per-pop bid amounts but for lower total support
amounts in order to use as much of the budget as possible.
282 See section V.A.3 above.
283 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2778, para. 47.
284 See section V.A.3 above.
285 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2769, para. 15.
286 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b).
287 The public notice released on October 3, 2012, announced the long-form application deadline as November 1,
2012. See Auction 901 Closing Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 12033, para. 6.
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days.288 We anticipate that we will provide at least a similar time period before the long-form application
deadline for Auction 902.
175.
We received comments from Commnet regarding the time allotted for a winning bidder
to file its long-form application. Commnet urges the Bureaus to allow a winning bidder more time to
prepare long-form applications, noting that certain requirements of the long-form application, such as
letters of credit or commitment letters, require carriers to conduct due diligence, negotiate, and engage in
financial transactions that require substantial time and resources.289 In establishing the long-form
application deadline for Auction 902, we will give due consideration to Commnet's comments regarding
this issue.
176.
In addition to the long-form application process described below, any bidder winning
support in Auction 902 must notify the relevant Tribal government(s) no later than five business days
after being identified by public notice as such a winning bidder.290 The Office of Native Affairs and
Policy (ONAP), in coordination with the Bureaus, has provided guidance regarding the appropriate points
of contact for Tribal governments.291

B.

Long-Form Application: Disclosures and Certifications

177.
By the due date specified in the auction closing public notice, a winning bidder must
electronically submit a properly-completed long-form application (FCC Form 680) for the bidding areas
of its winning bids. A Tribally-owned or -controlled provider claiming eligibility for a Tribal entity
bidding credit must certify as to its eligibility for the bidding credit. Further filing instructions will be
provided to winning bidders in the auction closing public notice.
1.

Ownership Disclosure

178.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission adopted for Mobility Fund
Phase I auctions the existing Part 1 ownership disclosure requirements that already apply to short-form
applicants to participate in spectrum license auctions and long-form applicants for licenses in wireless
services.292 Under these requirements, an applicant for Mobility Fund support must fully disclose its
ownership structure as well as information regarding the real party- or parties-in-interest of the applicant
or application.
179.
As the Commission has previously noted, wireless providers that have participated in
spectrum license auctions will already have ownership disclosure reports (in the short-form application)
on file with the Commission, which may simply need to be updated. To minimize the reporting burden
on winning bidders, we will allow them to use ownership information stored in existing Commission
databases and update that information as necessary.293

288 The long-form application deadline was extended from November 1, 2012, to November 5, 2012, in the
aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. See Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Long-Form Application Deadline Extended,
Public Notice, AU Docket No. 12-25, DA 12-1736, 27 FCC Rcd 13424, 13424, para. 1 (2012).
289 Commnet Comments at 7-8.
290 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822-23, para. 489; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(d)(2).
291 See Tribal Engagement Further Guidance, 27 FCC Rcd at 8180, para. 14.
292 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17808-09, para. 438.
293 Id.
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2.

Documentation of ETC Designation

180.
A winning bidder must submit with its long-form application appropriate documentation
of its ETC designation in all of the areas for which it will receive support and certify that its proof is
accurate.294 Appropriate documentation should include the original designation orders, any relevant
modifications, e.g., expansion of service area or inclusion of wireless services, and any relevant name-
change orders. Any ETC designation documentation provided as an attachment to the long-form
application must be designated as an "Eligible Telecommunications Carrier" attachment.
181.
Each winning bidder should connect the designated areas (e.g., wire centers, exchanges,
and study areas) to its winning bid areas so that it is clear that the applicant has ETC status in each
winning bid area. This obligation may be satisfied by providing maps of the recipient's ETC designation
area, map overlays of the winning bid areas, charts listing designated areas and associated winning bid
areas, and narrative descriptions explaining the connections between the ETC designations and the
winning bid areas. An applicant must demonstrate that it has been designated as an ETC throughout a
sufficient portion of each winning bid area to satisfy the applicable performance requirements.295
3.

Financial and Technical Capability Certification

182.
As in the pre-auction short-form application stage, a long-form applicant must certify that
it is financially and technically capable of providing 3G or better service within the specified timeframe in
the geographic areas in which it seeks support.296 This certification indicates that an applicant for Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I funds can provide the requisite service without any assurance of ongoing support
for the areas in question after Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support has been exhausted. An applicant
should be aware that in making a certification to the Commission it exposes itself to liability for a false
certification. An applicant should take care to review its resources and its plans before making the
required certification and be prepared to document its review, if necessary.
4.

Project Construction Schedule/Specifications

183.
Applicants are required to provide in their long-form application a "Project Description"
attachment for each winning bid with a detailed project description that describes the network, identifies
the proposed technology, demonstrates that the project is technically feasible, discloses the complete
project budget, and describes each specific phase of the project, e.g., network design, construction,
deployment, and maintenance, as those details pertain to each winning bid.297 Applicants are urged to
include an initial summary paragraph in layman's terms that describes the project for each winning bid.
A complete project schedule, including timelines, milestones, and costs, also must be provided in detail
for each winning bid. Milestones should include the start and end date for network design, start and end
date for drafting and posting requests for proposal (RFPs), start and end date for selecting vendors and
negotiating contracts, start date for commencing construction and end date for completing construction,
and the dates by which the applicant will meet applicable requirements to receive the

294 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(iii). Although, as discussed above, a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity may
participate in Auction 902 so long as it has an application to be designated as an ETC pending at the relevant short-
form application deadline, a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity may receive Tribal Mobility Fund support only
after it has become an ETC and has provided the appropriate documentation. See 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(a).
295 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17798-99, paras. 388-92; 47 C.F.R. 54.1003(a),
54.1004(a), 54.1006.
296 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(ii).
297 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(v).
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installments of Mobility Fund support.298 To the extent an applicant has one project description for
multiple winning bids, it still must provide all of the specific details described herein as those details
correspond to each winning bid. Additionally, applicants need to ensure that each winning bid's project
description corresponds with the applicant's access to spectrum certification for each winning bid, and
that all prior Commission approvals have been obtained.299
184.
Applicants will indicate for each winning bid whether the supported network will provide
3G mobile service within the period prescribed by section 54.1006(a) or 4G mobile service within the
period prescribed by section 54.1006(b).300 The description of the proposed technology should include
information on whether the network will qualify as either a 3G or 4G network.
5.

Spectrum Access

185.
Applicants are required to provide a description of the spectrum access that the applicant
will use to meet its obligations in areas for which it is the winning bidder, including whether the applicant
currently holds a license for, leases, or otherwise has contracted for access to the spectrum consistent with
Commission rules.301 The description should identify the license applicable to the spectrum to be
accessed. The description of the license must include the type of service (e.g., AWS, 700 MHz, BRS,
PCS), the particular frequency bands, and the call sign. If the licensee is a different party than the
applicant, the licensee name and the relationship and type of agreement between the applicant and the
licensee that provides the applicant with the required access should be described. If the applicant is
leasing spectrum, the lease number should be provided along with the license information. An applicant
must provide this required information relating to spectrum access in an attachment to the long-form
application that is designated as a "Spectrum Access" attachment.
186.
Applicants must also certify that the description of the spectrum access is accurate and
that the applicant will retain such access for at least five years after the date on which it is authorized to
receive support.302 Applications will be reviewed to assess the reasonableness of the certification.
6.

Letter of Credit Commitment Letter

187.
A winning bidder must submit with its long-form application either a Letter of Credit
(LOC) for each winning bid or a written commitment letter from an acceptable bank to issue such an
LOC.303 If the applicant submits a commitment letter, the letter must at a minimum provide the dollar
amount of the LOC and the issuing bank's agreement to follow the terms and conditions of the

298 See Universal Service Reform: Mobility Fund, WT Docket No. 10-208, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, FCC
10-182, 25 FCC Rcd 14716, 14740, para. 84 (2010).
299 In order to demonstrate eligibility for Auction 902, applicants relying on Cellular Geographic Service Area
(CGSA) expansion to demonstrate spectrum access must have prior approvals in place or alternative access to
spectrum until such approvals are obtained.
300 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a)-(b).
301 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(iv).
302 Id.
303 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(vii), 54.1007.
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Commission's model LOC, set forth in Appendix N of the USF/ICC Transformation Order.304 The
commitment letter must be from an acceptable bank, as defined in section 54.1007(a)(1).305
7.

Letter of Credit and Bankruptcy Code Opinion Letter

188.
After receipt and review of the long-form applications, the Commission will issue a
public notice identifying each winning bidder and bid that may be authorized to receive Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I support. Upon notice from the Commission, a winning bidder for Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I support must submit an irrevocable stand-by LOC, issued in substantially the same form as set
forth in the model LOC provided in Appendix N of the USF/ICC Transformation Order,306 by a bank that
is acceptable to the Commission.307 An LOC must be submitted for each winning bid in an amount equal
to one-third of the winning bid amount plus an additional 10 percent of the winning bid amount which
shall serve as a performance default payment.308 The Commission's rules provide specific requirements,
as defined in section 54.1007(a)(1), for a bank to be acceptable to the Commission to issue the LOC.
Those requirements vary for U.S. banks and non-U.S. banks.
189.
In addition, a winning bidder will be required to provide with the LOC an opinion letter
from legal counsel clearly stating, subject only to customary assumptions, limitations, and qualifications,
that in a proceeding under the Bankruptcy Code, the bankruptcy court would not treat the LOC or
proceeds of the LOC as property of the winning bidder's bankruptcy estate, or the bankruptcy estate of
any other bidder-related entity requesting issuance of the LOC, under section 541 of the Bankruptcy
Code.309
190.
We received comments and reply comments from Tribal entities objecting to the
requirement that winning bidders for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support provide an irrevocable stand-
by LOC because they argue an LOC is difficult and costly to obtain.310 Some commenters assert that the
LOC requirement should be eliminated entirely for Tribally-owned entities because Tribally-owned assets
are generally held in trust by the federal government for federally-recognized Tribes and often cannot be
used as collateral with private banking institutions to obtain an irrevocable LOC for participation in the

304 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 18319-23, Appendix N.
305 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(a)(1). The Bureaus waived section 54.1007(a)(1) on our own motion to allow Auction 901
winning bidders seeking authorization for Mobility Fund Phase I support to use CoBank, ACB as an issuing bank
for the required LOC, in addition to the acceptable banks described in section 54.1007(a)(1). Mobility Fund Phase I;
Waiver of Section 54.1007(a)(1) of the Commission's Rules, WC Docket No. 10-90, WT Docket No. 10-208, AU
Docket No. 12-25, Order, DA 12-1747, 27 FCC Rcd 13457, 13457, para. 1 (2012).
306 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 18319-23, Appendix N.
307 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(a)(1).
308 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(a), 54.1006(f).
309 11 U.S.C. 541; see 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(b).
310 ARC Comments at 11; see also ARC Reply Comments at 7-8; Bad River Tribe Comments at 11; GRIC/GRTI
Comments at 4; GRTI/MATI Ex Parte at 1; LLBO Comments at 5; MATI Reply Comments at 2; NNTRC
Comments at 6-7; NPM/NCAI Comments at 5; NTTA Comments at 4; Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments at 4; SIW
Comments at 3-4.
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auction.311 Wireless carriers argue that if the Commission requires LOCs for Auction 902, it should allow
for a single LOC to cover multiple winning bids.312
191.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission, after considering comments
raising similar concerns, adopted the rule requiring an applicant to secure an LOC.313 The requirement
for winning bidders to provide an irrevocable stand-by LOC is a Commission rule, which cannot be
amended in the context of establishing procedures for Auction 902. Generally the best course of action is
to apply the LOC requirement consistently so that all applicants are subject to the same requirements and
calculate their bids accordingly. In addition, Commenters have not provided sufficient support in the
record for us to conclude that the requirement to provide an LOC for each winning bid would be cost
prohibitive or that we should depart from the approach implemented in Auction 901.314 Because,
however, the underlying legal nature of Tribal lands and other trust assets varies greatly from one Tribal
Nation to another, and from one region to another, we conclude that the specific concerns of Tribal
entities that apply to participate in Auction 902 would be best addressed on a case-by-case basis though
the Commission's waiver process.
8.

Certification as to Program Requirements

192.
The long-form application contains certifications that the applicant has available funds
for all project costs that exceed the amount of support to be received and will comply with all program
requirements.315 The program requirements include the public interest obligations contained in the
Commission's rules and set forth above in section II.A.4.316 Also, an applicant must certify that it will
meet the applicable deadline for construction of a network meeting the coverage and performance
requirements set forth in the rules, that it will comply with the Mobility Fund collocation obligations
specified in the rules, and that it will comply with the voice and data roaming obligations that the
Commission has established with respect to Phase I of the Mobility Fund.
9.

Reasonably Comparable Rate Certification

193.
The Commission's rules require a recipient of Mobility Fund Phase I support--including
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support--to certify on its long-form application that it will offer service in
supported areas at consumer rates that are within a reasonable range of rates for similar service plans
offered by mobile wireless providers in urban areas.317 As noted in the Auction 902 Comment Public
Notice
, the Commission delegated authority to the Bureaus to specify how support recipients could

311 Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments at 4; GRIC/GRTI Comments at 4; NNTRC Comments at 7; ARC Reply
Comments at 8; GRTI/MATI Ex Parte at 1.
312 See, e.g., CCA Comments at 7; Commnet Comments at 8-9; GCI Comments at 4 n.9.
313 See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17810-13, paras. 443-51; 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(a)(1).
314 See Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4771, para. 170 (specifying that an LOC must be
submitted for each winning bid).
315 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(vi).
316 47 C.F.R. 54.1006.
317 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(2)(viii). Recipients will be subject to this requirement for five years after the date of the
award of support. Id.; see also USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17797, para. 385. Recipients must
offer service plans in supported areas that meet the public interest obligations specified in the Commission's
Mobility Fund rules and that include a stand-alone voice service plan. See 47 C.F.R. 54.1006.
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demonstrate compliance with this rate certification.318 The Commission directed the Bureaus to develop
surveys of voice and broadband rates generally that should be completed before the later phases of the
Connect America Fund and the Mobility Fund.319 In order to offer Mobility Fund Phase I support at the
earliest time feasible, however, the Commission recognized that the Bureaus might have to implement an
approach to the reasonably comparable rates requirement without being able to rely upon the information
that will be collected through the surveys.320 We adopt this approach in implementing Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I. We note that the Bureaus' use of this approach for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I in no way
prejudges the approach to be taken with respect to Phase II of the Mobility Fund (including Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase II) or the Connect America Fund generally. The appropriate approach for purposes
of later phases of the Mobility Fund or other components of the Connect America Fund will be
determined after review of the record developed in response to the Further Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking portion of the USF/ICC Transformation Order.
194.
In the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus proposed to permit a recipient of
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support to demonstrate compliance with the reasonably comparable rates
requirement in the same manner as recipients of general Mobility Fund Phase I support.321 For purposes
of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I, the Bureaus proposed to treat any rate equal to or less than the highest
rate for a matching service charged in an urban area as reasonably comparable to, i.e., within a reasonable
range of, rates for similar service in urban areas.322 As noted in the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice,
urban areas are generally served by multiple and diverse providers offering a range of rates and service
offerings in competition with one another.323 Consequently, even the highest rate might be considered as

318 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781, para. 54, citing USF/ICC Transformation Order,
26 FCC Rcd at 17797, para. 385.
319 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17694, 17708-09, paras. 85, 114.
320 See id. at 17797, para. 385.
321 This would require a supported provider to demonstrate that its required stand-alone voice plan, and one service
plan that offers data services, if it offers such plans, are (1) substantially similar to a service plan offered by at least
one mobile wireless service provider in an urban area, and (2) offered for the same or a lower rate than the matching
urban service plan. See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781, para. 55 n.91, citing Auction 901
Procedures Public Notice
, 27 FCC Rcd at 4774-75, para. 180. We note that any provider that itself offers the same
service plan for the same rate in a supported area and in an urban area would be able to meet this requirement. See
Auction 902 Comment Public Notice
, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781, para. 55 n.91.
322 As noted in the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, adopting this approach for purposes of Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I does not prejudge the approach to be taken with respect to Phase II of the Mobility Fund (including
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase II) or the Connect America Fund generally. We note that in line with the approach taken
in Auction 901, we did not propose to adopt an urban rate floor for recipients of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I
support. See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781-82, para. 56 n.92; Mobility Fund Phase I
Auction Scheduled for September 27, 2012; Comment Sought on Competitive Bidding Procedures for Auction 901
and Certain Program Requirements, Public Notice, AU Docket No. 12-25, DA 12-121, 27 FCC Rcd 530, 547-48,
para. 67 n.75 (2012); cf. USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17749-51, paras. 235-38 (limiting high-
cost support where local end-user rates plus state regulated fees do not meet an urban rate floor representing the
national average of local rates plus such state regulated fees).
323 See Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2781-82, para. 56. Most consumers in the 100 most
populated CMAs in the country are covered by between four to six mobile wireless providers. Commission analysis
of October 2011 Mosaik (then American Roamer) coverage maps and Census 2010 block data.
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"being within a reasonable range of rates for similar service in urban areas,"324 because the rates for the
matching urban services reflect the effects of competition in the urban area. Therefore, for purposes of
this requirement, the Bureaus proposed to define "urban area" as one of the 100 most populated cellular
market areas (CMAs) in the United States.325 The Bureaus also proposed to retain discretion to consider
whether and how variable rate structures should be taken into account, and further proposed to address
such issues on a case-by-case basis.326 To provide recipients with flexibility to tailor their offerings to
consumer demand while complying with the rule, the Bureaus proposed to deem a Tribal Mobility Fund
Phase I support recipient compliant with the terms of the required certification if it can demonstrate that
its rates for services satisfy the requirements, and if it provides supporting documentation.327
195.
The Bureaus proposed to make a limited exception for supported parties serving Alaska
in light of the distinct character of Alaska and the related costs of providing service, and in line with the
approach adopted for Auction 901.328 Specifically, the Bureaus proposed that supported parties in Alaska
may demonstrate comparability by comparison with rates offered in the CMA for Anchorage, Alaska.329
196.
The Bureaus sought comment on all aspects of the proposal, in particular whether it
meets the goal of assuring that supported services are provided at rates reasonably comparable to those in
urban areas, while providing recipients the appropriate flexibility in structuring their service offerings.330
With respect to the rates for services to which supported services are to be compared, the Bureaus asked
whether additional information was required to validate the assumption that an urban service rate reflects
the effects of competition in the urban area--for example, whether an urban service used for matching
should be required to have a certain number of subscribers or percentage of the relevant market in order to
demonstrate its market acceptance.331 The Bureaus also sought comment on whether there are other
definitions of the term "urban areas" that we should consider.332 In addition, the Bureaus sought
comment on any potential alternatives including, for example, whether there is a readily available set of

324 Under this approach, the supported party must offer services at rates within the range but that do not exceed one
particular rate that is presumed to be a part of that range. Previously, rates for supported services in high-cost,
insular and rural areas served by non-rural carriers were presumed to be reasonably comparable to urban rates
nationwide if they fell below the national rate benchmark, which was set at two standard deviations above the
average urban rate as reported in an annual rate survey published by the Wireline Competition Bureau. See High-
Cost Universal Service Support, WC Docket No. 05-337, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, CC
Docket No. 96-45, Order on Remand and Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 10-56, 25 FCC Rcd 4072, 4088,
para. 8 (2010), pet. for review den'd, Vermont Public Service Bd.v. F.C.C., 661 F.3d 54 (D.C. Cir. 2011). Thus,
while the approaches differ, both serve to assure that rates for supported services are reasonably comparable to rates
in urban areas.
325 A list of the top 100 CMAs is included in Attachment B.
326 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2782, para. 57.
327 Id. at 2782, para. 58.
328 Id. at 2783, para. 60; see also Auction 901 Procedures Public Notice, 27 FCC Rcd at 4774, para. 179.
329 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2783, para. 60.
330 Id. at 2782, para. 58.
331 Id. at 2782, para. 56.
332 Id. at 2783, para. 59.
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benchmark urban rates for mobile voice and broadband service that could be used with respect to Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I.333
197.
The limited comment we received on this topic generally supports our proposal to use the
same requirements and standards for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I as used for recipients of general
Mobility Fund Phase I support and in Auction 901.334 ARC generally supports the Bureaus' proposal to
allow an Alaska-specific standard to be used by providers serving Alaska, but advocates allowing a more
flexible standard to be used to determine reasonably comparable rates.335
198.
We adopt the proposals in the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice for Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I, including the proposed limited exception for supported providers serving Alaska. We
decline to expand the proposed exception for determining reasonably comparable rates for providers
serving Alaska. While we continue to agree that a limited exception for supported parties in Alaska is
warranted, we conclude the exception we adopt herein--which is the same as that adopted for Mobility
Fund Phase I--sufficiently addresses the distinct character of Alaska and the related costs of providing
service there. We note that the Anchorage CMA has a population of 291,826 and multiple providers of
mobile voice and/or mobile broadband services,336 which indicates that competition for customers there
could act to keep rates for offered services reasonable. Thus, we conclude that rates in Anchorage serve
as an appropriate benchmark for determining whether rates for services in supported areas in Alaska are
within a reasonable range of rates for similar services offered by mobile wireless providers in an urban
area.
10.

Tribal Engagement Requirements: Certification and Summary of
Engagement

199.
Beginning at the long-form application stage, and continuing throughout the term of
support, Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I winning bidders are required to comply with the Tribal engagement
obligations applicable to all ETCs.337 As the Commission discussed in the USF/ICC Transformation
Order
, these obligations are designed to ensure that Tribal governments have been formally and
effectively engaged in the planning process and that the services to be provided will advance the goals

333 Id. at 2782, para. 58.
334 See LLBO Comments at 6 (agreeing with the proposed standard); see also Bad River Tribe Comments at 12
(expressing no objection to the Bureaus' proposals, but requesting consideration of any reasonable showing); ARC
Comments at 14 (supporting the proposal to allow use of a different standard for demonstrating reasonably
comparable rates for providers serving Alaska, but advocating a more flexible standard).
335 See ARC Comments at 14. ARC proposes that rate comparability to Anchorage's rates be adopted as a
guideline, rather than a requirement, or, in the alternative, that the rates in Anchorage be averaged with rates in
several other well-populated but less urban areas of Alaska to establish a more reasonable rate of comparison for
Alaska. Id.
336 See Applications of GCI Communication Corp., ACS Wireless License Sub, Inc., ACS of Anchorage License
Sub, Inc., and Unicom, Inc. for Consent to Assign Licenses to the Alaska Wireless Network, LLC, WT Docket No.
12-187, WC Docket No. 09-197, Memorandum Opinion and Order and Declaratory Ruling, FCC 13-96, paras. 57-
58 & n.180 (rel. July 16, 2013).
337 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822-23, para. 489; see also id. at 17868-69, paras. 636-37; 47
C.F.R. 54.1004(d), 54.1009(a)(5).
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established by the Tribal government. Thus, we encourage applicants seeking to serve Tribal lands to
begin engaging with the appropriate Tribal governments as soon as possible.338
200.
Any bidder winning support in Auction 902 must notify the appropriate Tribal
government(s) of its winning bid no later than five business days after being identified by public notice as
such a winning bidder.339 A winning bidder's engagement with the appropriate Tribal government(s)
must consist, at a minimum, of discussion regarding: (i) a needs assessment and deployment planning
with a focus on Tribal community anchor institutions; (ii) feasibility and sustainability planning; (iii)
marketing services in a culturally sensitive manner; (iv) rights of way processes, land use permitting,
facilities siting, environmental and cultural preservation review processes; and (v) compliance with Tribal
business and licensing requirements.340 Thereafter, at the long-form application stage and in annual
reports, a bidder winning support in Auction 902 will be required to certify that it has substantively
engaged appropriate Tribal government officials regarding the minimum discussion topics described
above, as well as any other issues specified by the Commission, and provide a summary of the results of
such engagement.341 A copy of the certification and summary must be sent to the appropriate Tribal
officials when it is sent to the Commission.342 We remind carriers that failure to satisfy the Tribal
government engagement obligations could subject them to financial consequences, including potential
reduction in support should they fail to fulfill their obligations.343
201.
We received comments and reply comments from several parties regarding the
Commission's Tribal engagement obligations. Many Tribal entities generally support the Tribal
engagement obligations.344 Some Tribes and Tribal organizations advocate for pre-auction Tribal
engagement requirements, including Tribal consultation and approval.345 NPM/NCAI and WST advocate
for an auction process that includes a Tribal determination.346 SIW proposes that Tribal governments

338 We note that any such engagement must be done consistent with our auction rules prohibiting certain
communications during the competitive bidding process. See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at
17822, para. 489 n.810.
339 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822-23, para. 489; 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(d)(2).
340 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(d)(1); see also Tribal Engagement Further Guidance, 27 FCC Rcd 8176.
341 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(d)(3)-(4). Appropriate Tribal government officials are elected or duly authorized
government officials of federally recognized American Indian Tribes and Alaska Native Villages. In the instance of
the Hawaiian Home Lands, this engagement must occur with the State of Hawaii Department of Hawaiian Home
Lands and Office of Hawaiian Affairs. See USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17868-69, para. 637
n.1053.
342 47 C.F.R. 54.1004(d)(3)-(4).
343 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17868-69, para. 637.
344 GRIC/GRTI Comments at 7; GRTI/MATI Ex Parte at 2; LLBO Comments at 6; Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments
at 4.
345 Two commenters propose that the Bureaus require prospective bidders, as an eligibility criterion, to certify that
they are authorized by the relevant Tribes to do business on the Tribal lands they propose to serve. See NPM/NCAI
Comments at 8; LLBO Reply Comments at 3. SIW suggests that prospective bidders obtain Tribal approval to
participate in Auction 902. See SIW Comments at 2-3. NTTA recommends that a prospective bidder be required to
notify the relevant Tribal government if it intends to bid on serving the Tribal government's land. See NTTA
Comments at 6.
346 NPM/NCAI argue that a Tribe should be able to object to any application for support if the application specifies
an entity not qualified to conduct business on Tribal lands, or if the Tribe believes that the application would be
(continued....)
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meet with prospective bidders and a professional engineer to design a wireless system specific to the
communication needs of the Tribe.347 ARC argues that the difficulty associated with Tribal engagement
obligations in Alaska would deter small and Tribal carriers from participating in Auction 902.348
202.
CCA encourages the Bureaus to clarify that the Tribal Engagement Further Guidance is
a set of recommendations rather than mandates.349 CCA further suggests that the Bureaus confirm that
Tribal engagement obligations apply only to carriers who provide service to Tribal lands contingent upon
either Mobility Fund or Tribal Mobility Fund support, and specifically do not apply to competitive ETCs
whose support is being phased-down under the USF/ICC Transformation Order.350
203.
The Tribal engagement obligations established by the Commission will apply to
Auction 902.351 Although we recognize that the Tribal engagement obligations will require a substantial
commitment of time and resources on the part of both service providers and Tribal governments,352 the
Commission, in adopting these requirements, determined that Tribal consultation and engagement plays
an essential role in the successful deployment of mobile broadband service.353 Further, we note that the
Bureaus lack authority to revise the Commission's rule requiring that winning bidders participate in
Tribal engagement and similarly cannot amend the Commission's rule regarding the timing of such
engagement. Finally, CCA's request for clarification of the application of the Tribal engagement
obligation to services other than those that are contingent upon Tribal Mobility Fund support is outside of
the scope of this pre-auction proceeding, as is its request for clarification regarding the binding nature of
the Tribal Engagement Further Guidance generally.354
(Continued from previous page)
inconsistent with the needs of the Tribe. See NPM/NCAI Comments at 8. WST argues that Tribes should have the
right to choose who can provide service on Tribal lands. See WST Comments at 6-7.
347 SIW suggests that this network design plan could be submitted by the bidder as part of its bid documentation, and
could be used as an eligibility criterion. See SIW Comments at 3. We note that project construction details are
currently required to be submitted with the long-form applications filed by winning bidders after Auction 902. See
section VI.B.4 above.
348 ARC Comments at 11.
349 CCA Comments at 9-10.
350 Id. at 8-9.
351 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822-23, para. 489; see also id. at 17868-69, paras. 636-37.
352 ARC Comments at 13.
353 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822-23, para. 489; see also GRIC/GRTI Comments at 7;
GRTI/MATI Ex Parte at 2; LLBO Comments at 6.
354 There are three pending petitions for reconsideration of certain aspects of section 54.313(a)(9), 47 C.F.R.
54.313(a)(9), which mandates that annual reports on the Tribal government engagement requirements be filed by
carriers receiving high-cost universal service support other than or in addition to any mobility fund support. See
Petition for Reconsideration of the United States Telecom Association, CC Docket Nos. 01-92, 96-45; GN Docket
No. 09-51; WC Docket Nos. 03-109, 05-337, 07-135, 10-90; WT Docket No. 10-208 (filed Dec. 29, 2011); Petition
for Reconsideration of the Rural Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers Serving Tribal Lands, CC Docket Nos. 01-92,
96-45; GN Docket No. 09-51; WC Docket Nos. 03-109, 05-337, 07-135, 10-90; WT Docket No. 10-208 (filed Dec.
29, 2011); Petition for Reconsideration of the Alaska Rural Coalition, CC Docket Nos. 01-92, 96-45; GN Docket
No. 09-51; WC Docket Nos. 03-109, 05-337, 07-135, 10-90; WT Docket No. 10-208 (filed Dec. 29, 2011). See also
Petition for Reconsideration and Clarification of the United States Telecom Association, CC Docket Nos. 01-92, 96-
45; GN Docket No. 09-51; WC Docket Nos. 03-109, 05-337, 07-135, 10-90; WT Docket No. 10-208 (filed Aug. 20,
2012) (petition for reconsideration and clarification of the Tribal Engagement Further Guidance).
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C.

Coverage Requirements, Reporting Obligations, and Payment Disbursements

1.

Coverage Requirements

204.
Support recipients will be required to provide voice and broadband service meeting the
established minimum standards over at least 75 percent of the population associated with the eligible
blocks in each bidding area for which they receive support.355 Because Census data does not specify how
population is distributed within a census block, the Bureaus sought comment on how to determine
whether this coverage requirement is met.356 If a provider demonstrates new coverage over the entirety of
an eligible census block, we can assume coverage of the entire population of that census block. However,
the Bureaus sought input on how to evaluate the population served by new coverage where a provider
demonstrates new coverage over part of an eligible census block. In particular, we asked whether we
should assume that census block population is evenly distributed and assess coverage on the proportion of
the geographic area covered, and we also sought comment on alternatives.357
205.
We received a number of comments on this issue with several commenters supporting the
notion that coverage should be assessed based on the proportion of the geographic area covered,358 and
others suggesting that we provide flexibility in how winning bidders may demonstrate coverage.359
206.
Having considered the comments, we conclude that support recipients will be able to
prove coverage as follows. If an awardee can prove coverage of at least 75 percent of the actual
population associated with the eligible census blocks within a winning bid area, it may provide and prove
coverage in any combination across eligible census blocks within that single bidding area, including
providing coverage to more than 75 percent of the population in one eligible census block and less than
75 percent of the population in another eligible census block in the same bidding area. In response to
comments, in the alternative we will also permit proof of coverage by relying on a geographic area safe
harbor, by which an awardee may show that it is providing coverage to at least 75 percent of the
geographic area in a census block as a proxy for providing service to at least 75 percent of the population
within that census block. Because using a geographic proxy is a safe harbor, geographic coverage must
be shown on a census-block by census-block basis, rather than within the winning bid area as a whole. In
other words, if a winning bidder relies on the geographic area safe harbor for a particular winning bid
area, it must provide and prove coverage to at least 75 percent of the geographic area of each eligible
census block within that winning bid area. We find that this approach will afford flexibility to winning

355 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17792-93, paras. 365, 367; 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(a)-(b),
54.1008.
356 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2776, para. 36.
357 Id.
358 CCA Comments at 6 (advocating for proof of coverage by proof of the percentage of geographic area covered,
and arguing that requiring winning carriers to make a more granular showing would be "unduly burdensome"); RTG
Comments at 5-6 (suggesting a "geographic safe harbor" that assumes evenly distributed population).
359 See Bad River Tribe Comments at 12-13 (urging reasonableness and flexibility in coverage requirements, noting
if the applicant chooses to actually count residences and inhabitants of each partially covered census block, it should
not be faulted for its precision, but if an applicant consistently applies an average population per area model to
uncovered census blocks, that should also be deemed reasonable); see also GRIC/GRTI Comments at 9 (suggesting
that a winning bidder demonstrate coverage to 75 percent of the census block and obtain a certification from the
appropriate Tribal government that the 75 percent coverage requirement has been met); RTG Comments at 6-7
(suggesting a "site-based safe harbor" where a winning bidder is able to serve 75 percent or more of the population
of a census block with a site that covers less than 75 percent of the geographic area).
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bidders while also ensuring sufficient deployment of 3G or better mobile voice and broadband services to
populated areas within Tribal lands that are currently lacking such services. As RTG points out, the
Commission has adopted similar geographic area-based safe harbors for the purposes of other population-
based performance requirements for certain wireless services, including Broadband Radio Service (BRS)
and Educational Broadband Service (EBS).360
207.
With respect to demonstrating compliance with the coverage requirements, the
Commission's rules set forth the standards for applicable drive test data and scattered site testing.361
Drive testing or scattered site testing are required for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I by rule, and the
Bureaus lack authority to revise this rule to allow other types of testing such as propagation models, as
suggested by CCA.362
208.
The Commission recognized the unique challenges of Tribal lands, which may have
sparse roads and isolated populations for which a winning bidder would be required to prove coverage. In
particular, given that the Commission adopted a population-based coverage metric for Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I, the Commission explained that providers may demonstrate coverage of an area with
scattered site tests--i.e., a statistically significant number of tests in the vicinity of residences being
covered.363 The Commission also noted that equipment to conduct such testing could be transported by
off-road vehicles, such as snow-mobiles or other vehicles appropriate to local conditions.364 As RTG
acknowledges, allowing providers to conduct drive tests by means other than automobiles on roads will
allow Tribal Mobility Fund recipients to more easily collect coverage data in rural and remote areas
where the roads are generally not traveled by automobile or where basic infrastructure may be lacking.365
2.

Annual Reporting and Record Retention Requirements

209.
Winning bidders that are authorized to receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support are
required to submit to the Commission an annual report each year for the five years after being so
authorized.366 Each annual report covers the preceding calendar year. As a result, any Auction 902
winning bidder that is first authorized to receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support in 2014 will not be
required to file an annual report regarding such support until the applicable deadline in 2015. The
information and certifications required to be included in the annual report are described in section
54.1009 of the Commission's rules.367 As explained in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, if a recipient
of Mobility Fund support is a carrier subject to other existing or new annual reporting requirements under
section 54.313 of the rules based on their receipt of universal service support under another high cost
mechanism, it will be permitted to satisfy its Mobility Fund Phase I reporting requirements by filing a

360 RTG Comments at 5-6; see 47 C.F.R. 27.14(o)(1)(iii)(A); Guidance to Broadband Radio Service and
Educational Broadband Service Licensees on Complying with Requirement to Demonstrate Substantial Service by
May 1, 2011, Public Notice, DA 11-370, 26 FCC Rcd 2152, 2153 (2011) (describing geographic area safe harbor).
361 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(c); see also USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488 n.806.
362 CCA Comments at 2, 6-7; see also Commnet Comments at 10 (seeking an alternative method of coverage testing
other than drive testing).
363 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17822, para. 488 n.806.
364 Id.
365 RTG Comments at 3.
366 47 C.F.R. 54.1009.
367Id.; see USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17817, paras. 470-74.
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separate Mobility Fund annual report or by including this additional information in a separate section of
its other annual report filed with the Commission.368 Mobility Fund recipients choosing to fulfill their
Mobility Fund reporting requirements in an annual report filed under section 54.313 must, at a minimum,
file a separate Mobility Fund annual report notifying the Commission that the required information is
included in the other annual report.369 In addition, as discussed below, authorized winning bidders are
required to submit certain reports before receiving disbursements of support.370 A winning bidder
authorized to receive Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support and all of its agents are required to retain any
documentation prepared for, or in connection with, the award of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support for
a period of not less than ten years after the date on which the winning bidder receives its final
disbursement of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.371
3.

Disbursement of Payments

210.
Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support will be available for disbursement to authorized
winning bidders in three stages, with the first disbursement made when the winning bidder is authorized
to receive support.372 A recipient will be eligible to receive the second disbursement when it submits a
report demonstrating coverage of 50 percent of the applicable coverage requirements of section 54.1006
of the Commission's rules.373 The report a recipient files for this purpose will be subject to review and
verification before support is disbursed.374 A recipient will be eligible to receive the final disbursement
when it submits a report demonstrating coverage meeting the applicable requirements of section 54.1006
of the Commission's rules.375 A party's final payment will be the difference between the total amount of
support based on the population covered--i.e., a figure between the required 75 percent and 100 percent
of the population--and any support previously received.376

D.

Default Payment Requirements

211.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission determined that it would impose
two types of default payment obligations on winning bidders: a default payment owed by Mobility Fund
winning bidders that default on their winning bids prior to approval for receiving support, and a default
payment owed by Mobility Fund winning bidders that apply for and are approved to receive support but
subsequently fail to meet their public interest obligations or other terms and conditions of Mobility Fund
support.377 Under the competitive bidding rules adopted in the USF/ICC Transformation Order, bidders
selected by the auction process to receive USF support have a binding obligation to file a post-auction
long-form application--by the applicable deadline and consistent with other requirements of the long-

368 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17817, para. 471.
369 Id.
370 47 C.F.R. 54.1008; see USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17815-16, paras. 464-69.
371 47 C.F.R. 54.1010.
372 47 C.F.R. 54.1008(b)(1).
373 47 C.F.R. 54.1008(b)(2); see also 47 C.F.R. 54.1006.
374 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17816, para. 466.
375 47 C.F.R. 54.1008(b)(3); see also 47 C.F.R. 54.1006.
376 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17816, para. 467.
377 Id. at 17814, paras. 460-61; 47 C.F.R. 1.21004(b), 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(f).
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form application process--and failure to do so constitutes an auction default.378 In addition, a
performance default occurs when a winning bidder that the Commission has authorized to receive support
fails to meet its minimum coverage requirement or adequately comply with quality of service or any other
requirements upon which support was granted.379
1.

Auction Default Payment

212.
Any winning bidder that fails to timely file a long-form application, is found ineligible or
unqualified to receive Mobility Fund support, has its long-form application dismissed, or otherwise
defaults on its bid or is disqualified for any reason after the close of the auction and prior to the
authorization of support for each winning bid will be subject to an auction default payment.380 Agreeing
to such payment in event of a default is a condition for participating in bidding.381 As discussed below,
we conclude that in the event of an auction default, we will assess a default payment of five percent of the
total defaulted bid. Liability for the auction default payment will be imposed without regard to the
intentions or fault of any specific defaulting bidder.382
213.
In the USF/ICC Transformation Order, the Commission determined that a default
payment is appropriate to ensure the integrity of the auction process and safeguard against costs to the
Commission and the USF. The Commission left it to the Bureaus to consider methodologies for
determining such a payment, but specified that if the Bureaus established a default payment to be
calculated as a percentage of the defaulted bid, that percentage was not to exceed 20 percent of the total
amount of the defaulted bid.383 Accordingly, in the Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, the Bureaus
proposed an auction default payment of five percent of the total defaulted bid.384 The Bureaus also sought
comment on alternative methodologies, such as basing the auction default payment on the difference
between the defaulted bid and the next best bid to cover the same population as without the default.385
The Bureaus further sought comment on whether, prior to bidding, all applicants for Auction 902 should
be required to furnish a bond or place funds on deposit with the Commission in the amount of the
maximum anticipated auction default payment.386
214.
ARC objects to the imposition of an auction default payment, arguing that even the
"possibility" of such payments could deter participation in Auction 902.387 Bad River Tribe maintains
that the imposition of such a payment is counter-productive.388 Neither commenter, however, offers
specific circumstances that are unique to bids to serve Tribal lands to support their arguments that we
should refrain from imposing an auction default payment. We cannot amend the Commission's rule that

378 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17808, para. 436; 47 C.F.R. 1.21004(a).
379 47 C.F.R. 54.1007(c).
380 47 C.F.R. 1.21004.
381 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17813-14, paras. 458-60.
382 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2780, para. 51.
383 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17814, para. 460.
384 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2779, para. 50.
385 Id. at 2780, para. 51.
386 Id.
387 ARC Comments at 11.
388 Bad River Tribe Comments at 11.
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DA 13-1672

an auction default payment should be imposed on a winning bidder that fails to timely file a long-form
application, is found ineligible or unqualified to receive Mobility Fund support, has its long-form
application dismissed, or otherwise defaults on its bid or is disqualified for any reason after the close of
the auction and prior to the authorization of support for each winning bid. Moreover, we are not
persuaded that we should modify our proposal to establish an auction default payment at the rate of five
percent of the total defaulted bid for Auction 902. Our experience in Auction 901 has demonstrated that
this amount, which is well below our maximum allowable percentage, provides bidders sufficient
incentive to fully inform themselves of the obligations associated with participation in the Tribal Mobility
Fund Phase I auction and to commit to fulfilling those obligations, and yet is not unduly punitive. We
anticipate that such a requirement here should serve to deter failures to fulfill auction obligations that
might undermine the stability and predictability of the auction process and impose costs on the
Commission as well as higher support costs for USF. We therefore adopt our proposal.
215.
The Bureaus did not receive any comments on whether there should be an alternative
methodology for calculation of an auction default payment, or whether an applicant should be required to
furnish a bond or place funds on deposit prior to bidding. We conclude that our adoption of an auction
default payment calculated as five percent of the total defaulted bid will provide adequate protection
against costs to the Commission and the USF, and therefore we find that establishing a bond or deposit
requirement is unnecessary.
2.

Performance Default Payment

216.
A winning bidder that has received notice from the Commission that it is authorized to
receive Mobility Fund support will be subject to a performance default payment if it fails or is unable to
meet its minimum coverage requirement, other service requirements, or fails to fulfill any other term or
condition of Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.389 As discussed below, we conclude that in the event
of a performance default, we will assess a default payment of ten percent of the total defaulted bid.390
217.
The Commission recognized in the USF/ICC Transformation Order that a Mobility Fund
recipient's failure to fulfill its obligations may impose significant costs on the Commission and higher
support costs for the USF and concluded that it was necessary to adopt a default payment obligation for
performance defaults.391 In addition to being liable for a performance default payment, the recipient will
be required to repay the Mobility Fund all of the support it has received, and depending on circumstances,
could be disqualified from receiving any additional Mobility Fund or other USF support.392 In the
Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, we proposed to establish the performance default payment
percentage at ten percent of the total level of support for which a winning bidder is eligible.393 Under this
proposal, the irrevocable stand-by LOC that winning bidders will be required to provide would include an
additional ten percent based on the total level of support for which a winning bidder is eligible.
218.
Commenters generally do not favor the imposition of a performance default payment,
arguing a variety of reasons why an applicant may face difficulty in complying with the Commission's

389 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17814, para. 461.
390 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(f).
391 USF/ICC Transformation Order, 26 FCC Rcd at 17810-11, para. 446.
392 Id. at 17814, para. 461.
393 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2780, para. 53.
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performance obligations and offering alternative suggestions for those requirements.394 ARC also argues
that adding an additional ten percent to an applicant's LOC to cover a performance default payment will
further complicate an applicant's ability to secure one and will effectively prohibit small carriers from
participating in the auction.395 NPM/NCAI, however, favors the Commission's proposal and advocates
that an applicant that fails to meet its performance obligations should, in addition to a performance default
payment, also forfeit the license it used as the basis for its auction bid.396 The Commission has already
defined the conditions that constitute a performance default, as well as an applicant's performance
obligations.397 We cannot revise the Commission's rule requiring a performance default payment in the
context of setting the procedures for Auction 902.398
219.
While both auction defaults and performance defaults may threaten the integrity of the
auction process and impose costs on the Commission and the USF, an auction default occurs earlier in the
process and may facilitate an earlier use of the funds that were assigned to the defaulted bid consistent
with the purposes of the universal service program.399 We therefore proposed that the performance
default payment be set at a higher percentage than the auction default payment percentage.400 As noted
above, the LOC required to be submitted for each winning bid must include the default payment amount.
We anticipate that establishing a performance default payment of ten percent of the defaulted support
level will encourage those seeking support to make every effort to assure that they are capable of meeting
their performance obligations and will protect against costs to the Commission and the USF without
unduly discouraging auction participation. We therefore adopt our proposal.

VII.

CONTACT INFORMATION

220.
Contact Information Table:

General Auction 902 Information

FCC Auctions Hotline

General Auction Questions
(888) 225-5322, option two; or
Auction Process and Procedures
(717) 338-2868
Hours of service: 8:00 a.m. 5:30 p.m. ET,
Monday through Friday

Auction 902 Legal Information

Wireless Telecommunications Bureau

Auction Rules, Policies, Regulations, including

Auctions and Spectrum Access Division

Reports of Section 1.21002 Violations and
Patricia Robbins
Application Major Modifications
(202) 418-0660

394 ARC Comments at 11-12; Bad River Tribe Comments at 9-11; GRIC/GRTI Comments at 9-10; NTTA
Comments at 4.
395 ARC Comments at 12.
396 NPM/NCAI Comments at 4; see also LLBO Reply Comments at 3 (recommending that the Commission adopt a
performance standard that requires bidders receiving support from the Tribal Mobility Fund to repay the Mobility
Fund support if the bidder fails to deliver 3G or better service).
397 See section VI.C.1 above.
398 See 47 C.F.R. 54.1006(f).
399 Auction 902 Comment Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd at 2780-81, para. 53.
400 Id.
66

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DA 13-1672

General Universal Service Questions

Wireline Competition Bureau
Telecommunications Access Policy Division

Alex Minard
(202) 418-7400

Technical Support

FCC Auctions Technical Support Hotline

Electronic Filing
(877) 480-3201, option nine; or (202) 414-1250
FCC Auction System (Hardware/Software
(202) 414-1255 (TTY)
Issues)
Hours of service: 8:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m. ET,
Monday through Friday

Auction Bidder Line

Will be furnished only to qualified bidders

FCC Copy Contractor

Best Copy and Printing, Inc.

Additional Copies of
445 12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402
Commission Documents
Washington, DC 20554
(800) 378-3160
http://www.bcpiweb.com

Press Information

Cecila Sulhoff (202) 418-0587

FCC Forms

(800) 418-3676 (outside Washington, DC)
(202) 418-3676 (in the Washington area)
https://www.fcc.gov/formpage.html

Accessible Formats

Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau

Braille, large print, electronic files, or
(202) 418-0530 or (202) 418-0432 (TTY)
audio format for people with disabilities
fcc504@fcc.gov

Small Businesses

Office of Communications Business

Additional information for small and

Opportunities

disadvantaged businesses
(202) 418-0990
https://www.fcc.gov/ocbo/

Tribal Issues

Office of Native Affairs and Policy

Additional information regarding Tribal lands and
(202) 418-2930
Tribal governments
native@fcc.gov

FCC Internet Sites

https://www.fcc.gov
http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions
http://wireless.fcc.gov/uls
FCC
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ATTACHMENT A-1

Auction 902 Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I Auction

Summary of Eligible Census Blocks by State

Total Area

Number of Number of Number of

Total

(square

Total Road

Number of Tracts with Tribal Lands Counties Number of Population miles) of

Miles of

Eligible

Eligible with Eligible with Eligible Bidding

of Eligible

Eligible

Eligible

State

Blocks

Blocks

Blocks

Blocks

Areas

Blocks

Blocks

Blocks

Alaska
2,821 59 189 29 830 82,626 133,002.52 4,257.88
Arizona
661 23
7

8

24 15,078 1,800.21 1,334.95
California
75
9

8

7

10 989 32.05 95.10
Colorado
15
1

1

1

1

75 3.10 13.18
Hawaii
23
3

3

3

3

95 5.73 8.40
Idaho
334
9

4

8

9

3,416 320.40 700.64
Michigan
6
3

3

2

4

32 1.39 4.71
Minnesota
97 12
5

9

12 2,220 411.01 323.83
Montana
213 15
7

12 15 4,293 367.66 440.54
Nevada
19
5

5

4

5

149 36.42 45.71
New Mexico
363 21
7

10 23 4,384 400.18 627.93
New York
1
1

1

1

1

2 0.06 0.45
North Carolina
56
3

1

3

3

1,380 15.66 47.62
North Dakota
36
2

1

1

2

170 146.31 174.10
Oklahoma
199 35 12 24 35 2,015 348.23 441.32
Oregon
26
2

2

2

2

203 28.46 52.66
South Dakota
244
7

5

6

7

3,439 1,792.12 761.34
Utah
19
4

3

4

4

266 121.99 89.13
Washington
228
9

5

8

9

3,117 682.95 1,518.67
Wisconsin
82
5

5

5

5

1,893 66.38 90.21
Wyoming
63
3

1

2

3

645 108.19 108.30
Total
5,581 231 275 149 1,007
126,

487 139,691.04 11,136.67
Corrected as of 08/08/2013
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ATTACHMENT A-2

Bidding Areas

This page was intentionally inserted as a placeholder for Attachment A-2, which is available as a separate
file.
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ATTACHMENT B

Top 100 CMAs by Population

CMA

Rank

CMA Name

Population*

Number

Los Angeles-Long Beach/Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden
1
CMA002
17,054,000
Grove/Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
New York, NY-NJ/Nassau-Suffolk, NY/Newark, Jersey
2
CMA001
16,545,000
City and Paterson-Clifton-Passaic, NJ
3
CMA003
Chicago, IL
8,317,000
4
CMA009
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
6,332,000
5
CMA010
Houston, TX
5,566,000
6
CMA004
Philadelphia, PA
5,260,000
7
CMA008
Washington, DC-MD-VA
4,814,000
8
CMA005
Detroit/Ann Arbor, MI
4,641,000
9
CMA017
Atlanta, GA
4,633,000
10
CMA006
Boston-Lowell-Brockton-Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH
4,429,000
11
CMA007
San Francisco-Oakland, CA
4,335,000
12
CMA012
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood, FL
4,245,000
13
CMA026
Phoenix, AZ
3,817,000
14
CMA015
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI
3,112,000
15
CMA018
San Diego, CA
3,095,000
16
CMA019
Denver-Boulder, CO
2,790,000
17
CMA014
Baltimore, MD
2,663,000
18
CMA020
Seattle-Everett, WA
2,645,000
19
CMA022
Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL
2,610,000
20
CMA011
St. Louis, MO-IL
2,609,000
21
CMA091
San Juan-Caguas, PR
2,139,000
22
CMA030
Portland, OR-WA
2,066,000
23
CMA035
Sacramento, CA
1,968,000
24
CMA013
Pittsburgh, PA
1,967,000
25
CMA033
San Antonio, TX
1,955,000
26
CMA093
Las Vegas, NV
1,951,000
27
CMA060
Orlando, FL
1,837,000
28
CMA024
Kansas City, MO-KS
1,810,000
29
CMA027
San Jose, CA
1,782,000
30
CMA016
Cleveland, OH
1,776,000
31
CMA028
Indianapolis, IN
1,703,000
32
CMA023
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN
1,631,000
33
CMA039
Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT
1,626,000
34
CMA075
Austin, TX
1,604,000
35
CMA031
Columbus, OH
1,583,000
36
CMA021
Milwaukee, WI
1,556,000
37
CMA046
Nashville-Davidson, TN
1,502,000
B - 1

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DA 13-1672

CMA

Rank

CMA Name

Population*

Number

38
CMA051
Jacksonville, FL
1,346,000
39
CMA061
Charlotte-Gastonia, NC
1,327,000
40
CMA072
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL
1,320,000
41
CMA071
Raleigh-Durham, NC
1,302,000
42
CMA047
Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC
1,230,000
43
CMA032
Hartford-New Britain-Bristol, CT
1,212,000
44
CMA036
Memphis, TN-AR-MS
1,201,000
45
CMA045
Oklahoma City, OK
1,194,000
46
CMA025
Buffalo, NY
1,136,000
47
CMA043
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth, VA/NC
1,107,000
48
CMA037
Louisville, KY-IN
1,061,000
49
CMA034
Rochester, NY
1,054,000
50
CMA029
New Orleans, LA
1,046,000
51
CMA041
Birmingham, AL
1,004,000
52
CMA059
Richmond, VA
1,003,000
53
CMA077
Tucson, AZ
980,000
54
CMA038
Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI
970,000
55
CMA050
Honolulu, HI
953,000
56
CMA074
Fresno, CA
930,000
57
CMA057
Tulsa, OK
922,000
58
CMA042
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury, CT
917,000
59
CMA044
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
888,000
60
CMA064
Grand Rapids, MI
866,000
61
CMA049
New Haven-West Haven-Waterbury-Meriden, CT
862,000
62
CMA067
Greenville-Spartanburg, SC
855,000
63
CMA040
Dayton, OH
842,000
64
CMA097
Bakersfield, CA
840,000
65
CMA073
Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, CA
823,000
66
CMA058
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
821,000
67
CMA062
New Brunswick-Perth Amboy-Sayreville, NJ
810,000
68
CMA048
Toledo, OH-MI
803,000
69
CMA081
El Paso, TX
801,000
70
CMA055
Worchester-Fitchburg-Leominster, MA
799,000
71
CMA082
Tacoma, WA
795,000
72
CMA086
Albuquerque, NM
794,000
73
CMA128
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
775,000
74
CMA065
Omaha, NE-IA
769,000
75
CMA069
Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD
706,000
76
CMA056
Northeast Pennsylvania, PA
705,000
77
CMA363
Florida 4 - Citrus
704,000
78
CMA052
Akron, OH
703,000
79
CMA080
Baton Rouge, LA
699,000
80
CMA107
Stockton, CA
685,000
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CMA

Rank

CMA Name

Population*

Number

81
CMA092
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR
671,000
82
CMA090
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
665,000
83
CMA053
Syracuse, NY
663,000
84
CMA054
Gary-Hammond-East Chicago, IN
660,000
85
CMA079
Knoxville, TN
649,000
86
CMA095
Columbia, SC
647,000
87
CMA117
Colorado Springs, CO
646,000
88
CMA070
Long Branch-Asbury Park, NJ
630,000
89
CMA063
Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke, MA
622,000
90
CMA164
Fort Myers, FL Counties - Lee
619,000
91
CMA114
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
602,000
92
CMA083
Mobile, AL
595,000
93
CMA579
North Carolina 15 - Cabarrus
578,000
94
CMA551
New Jersey 2 - Ocean
577,000
95
CMA089
Wichita, KS
564,000
96
CMA111
Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA
550,000
97
CMA084
Harrisburg, PA
549,000
98
CMA076
New Bedford-Fall River, MA
548,000
99
CMA137
Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL
543,000
100
CMA102
Des Moines, IA
543,000
* Population numbers are based on 2010 Census data and rounded to the nearest thousand.
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ATTACHMENT C

Auction 902 Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I

List of Parties Filing in AU Docket No. 13-53

The following is a listing of parties that filed in response to the Auction 902 Comment Public
Notice. The party name is followed by the abbreviated name of the filing as used in this Public Notice.

Initial Commenters

1. Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI Comments)
2. Alaska Rural Coalition (ARC Comments)
3. Arctic Slope Telephone Association Cooperative (ASTAC Comments)
4. AT&T Inc. (AT&T Comments)
5. Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of the Chippewa Indians
(Bad River Tribe Comments)
6. Central Louisiana Cellular, LLC d/b/a Cellular One (CLC Comments)
7. Commnet Wireless, LLC (Commnet Comments)
8. Competitive Carriers Association (CCA Comments)
9. Copper Valley Wireless, LLC (Copper Valley Comments)
10. General Communication, Inc. (GCI Comments)
11. Gila River Indian Community and River Telecommunications, Inc. (GRIC/GRTI Comments)
12. Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe (LLBO Comments)
13. National Tribal Telecommunications Association (NTTA Comments)
14. Native Public Media and National Congress of American Indians (NPM/NCAI Comments)
15. Navajo Nation Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (NNTRC Comments)
16. Navajo Tribal Utility Authority (NTUA Comments)
17. Oglala Sioux Tribe (Oglala Sioux Tribe Comments)
18. Pa Makani LLC dba Sandwich Isles Wireless (SIW Comments)
19. Rosebud Sioux Tribe (Rosebud Sioux Tribe Comments)
20. Rural Telecommunications Group, Inc. (RTG Comments)
21. Smith Bagley, Inc. (SBI Comments)
22. Standing Rock Telecommunications, Inc. (SRTI Comments)
23. Warm Springs Telecom (WST Comments)

Reply Commenters

1. Alaska Rural Coalition (ARC Reply Comments)
2. AT&T Inc. (AT&T Reply Comments)
3. Coeur d'Alene Tribe (Coeur d'Alene Tribe Reply Comments)
4. Commnet Wireless, LLC (Commnet Reply Comments)
5. Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians (Lac du Flambeau Reply Comments)
6. Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe (LLBO Reply Comments)
7. Mescalero Apache Telecom, Inc. (MATI Reply Comments)
8. Native Public Media and National Congress of American Indians (NPM/NCAI Reply Comments)

Ex Parte and Other Filings

1. Alaska Rural Coalition Meeting with Legal Advisors (ARC Legal Advisors Ex Parte)
2. Alaska Rural Coalition Meeting with WTB Staff (ARC WTB Ex Parte)
3. Alaska Telephone Association (ATA Ex Parte)
4. Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of the Chippewa Indians Motion to Accept
Supplement and Supplement (Bad River Tribe Supplement to Comments)
5. Central Louisiana Cellular, LLC d/b/a Cellular One (CLC Letter)
6. General Communication, Inc. (GCI Ex Parte)
7. Gila River Telecommunications, Inc., the Gila River Indian Community, and Mescalero Apache
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Telecom, Inc. (GRTI/MATI Ex Parte)
8. Navajo Nation Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (NNTRC Ex Parte)
9. NTUA Wireless, LLC, June 28, 2013 (NTUA Wireless June Ex Parte)
10. NTUA Wireless, LLC, May 31, 2013 (NTUA Wireless May Ex Parte)
11. Smith Bagley, Inc. (SBI June Ex Parte)
12. Smith Bagley, Inc. d/b/a CellularOne (SBI April Ex Parte)
13. Windy City Cellular, LLC (Windy City Ex Parte)
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ATTACHMENT D

Short-Form Application Filing Instructions

This attachment provides instructions on submitting a short-form application to participate in Auction
902. It also includes instructions for interested parties wishing to view the short-form applications that
have been filed.

I.

Application Preparation and Submission

Among other requirements, in order to participate in this auction, each applicant must submit its short-
form application (FCC Form 180) electronically, via the FCC Auction System. All short-form
applications for Auction 902 must be submitted and confirmed prior to 6:00 p.m. EST on
Wednesday, October 9, 2013.
Late applications or unconfirmed submissions of electronic data will not
be accepted.
We remind applicants that all of the required information for applicants to participate in the Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I auction is necessary to determine each applicant's qualifications, and as such will
be available for public inspection. Accordingly, unnecessary sensitive information, such as Taxpayer
Identification Numbers or Social Security Numbers, should not be included in the short-form application.
Applicants may request that submitted information not be made routinely available for public inspection
following the procedures set forth in section 0.459 of the Commission's rules.1 Such requests must be
included as attachments to the applicant's FCC Form 180 and identify the specific information to which
the request applies. Because the required information bears on each applicant's qualifications,
confidentiality requests will not be routinely granted.2
Applicants may make multiple changes to their short-form applications until the close of the filing
window. However, they must press the

SUBMIT

button in the FCC Auction System for the changes to
be submitted and considered by the Commission.
o

Minimum Software Requirements

The following software, at a minimum, is required to use the FCC Auction System:
Web Browser, either of the following is recommended:

Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0 or higher, with Microsoft VM or Java Plug-In

Mozilla Firefox 3.5 or higher, with Java Plug-In
To obtain the Java Plug-In, navigate your web browser to
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html, and click the Download
button in the JRE column under Java Platform, Standard Edition.
PDF Viewer: Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher (available at http://www.adobe.com)
Minimum Screen Resolution: 1024 x 768

1 47 C.F.R. 0.459.
2 47 C.F.R. 0.459(a).
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Currently, the Apple Mac OS is not supported.
o

Logging On

To submit, edit, or withdraw a short-form application (FCC Form 180) online, an applicant should open
its web browser and navigate to either http://auctions.fcc.gov/ (primary location) or
http://auctions2.fcc.gov/ (secondary location). Once on the FCC Auction System page, the applicant may
log in using its FCC Registration Number (FRN)3 and password. On the My Auctions page, select the

Click here to file FCC Form 180

link under the Connect America Fund Section. This produces the
Auction Manager page which allows an applicant to create a new application or review or modify an
existing application.
o

Application Filing Instructions

The short-form application (FCC Form 180) requests information needed to determine whether an
applicant qualifies to participate in Auction 902 for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support.4 Applicants
must submit required information as entries in the data fields of the FCC Form 180 whenever a data field
is available for that information. Attachments should not be used to provide information that can be
supplied within the data fields of the FCC Form 180.
The screens comprising FCC Form 180 consist of five series, each requesting five separate types of
information: 1) Applicant Information; 2) Applicant's Potentially Eligible Areas; 3) Agreements; 4)
Ownership; and 5) Certify and Submit. In addition, Summary screens, a sixth series, appear prior to the
Certify and Submit screens. The Summary screens provide an overview of an applicant's FCC Form 180
that facilitates reviewing and revising specific information, as well as an automated check for certain
inconsistencies and omissions in submitted information.
To simplify filling out FCC Form 180, certain initial information an applicant provides is used to
determine what additional information is needed, and what subsequent screens will appear to collect that
information. For example, a corporate applicant, unlike a general partnership applicant, must identify a
corporate officer or director responsible for the application (sometimes called a responsible party). If an
applicant identifies itself as a general partnership, no additional information is needed regarding an
additional responsible party, and screens requesting responsible party information will not appear.
However, if the applicant identifies itself as a corporation, subsequent screens in the FCC Form 180 will
ask for responsible party information.
Applicants must fill out FCC Form 180 by following the instructions below. Additional help in filling out
FCC Form 180 can be accessed in two ways: 1) by clicking on the

Help

link in the upper right of any
screen, which will open Auction Application Online Filing Help; or 2) by clicking on the text of any

Common Question

link appearing on the right side of the screen. The common questions displayed
relate to the current screen and vary from screen to screen. In the event the assistance provided by these

3 An FRN is a ten-digit number that is assigned to a business or individual that has registered with the FCC. It is
used to uniquely identify an individual or business in all transactions with the FCC. If you do not have an FRN, you
must register through the FCC's Commission Registration System (CORES) before filing your application. A
CORES link is provided on the Log On page.
4 See generally, 47 C.F.R. 1.21001, 54.1005.
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sources is insufficient, applicants should use the contact information provided in this Public Notice to
obtain additional assistance.5

Applicant Information

The Applicant Information screens are the first series of screens in FCC Form 180, in which the applicant
will provide basic information including:
Applicant's legal classification (e.g., corporation, general partnership, limited liability company,
etc.)
Applicant's name, which will be used as the bidder name during the auction6
Applicant's jurisdiction of formation for legal entities
Applicants that are classified as legal entities (e.g., corporations) must provide the name of and
information regarding the entity's responsible individual7
Name, street address, telephone number, and fax number of a contact person who will
communicate with the Commission regarding the applicant's FCC Form 1808
Names of up to three persons authorized to bid for the applicant in the auction9
Each screen will specify the information that the applicant must provide. Please note the following with
respect to particular information requested:
An applicant must indicate its legal classification before continuing to subsequent screens,
because the legal classification will determine which subsequent screens will appear.
P.O. Boxes may not be used for an applicant's address.
To simplify filling out the FCC Form 180, an applicant that has the same address as its contact
person can click on the

COPY APPLICANT ADDRESS

button to automatically fill in the
contact person's address. P.O. Boxes may not be used for a contact person's address.
Applicants must identify at least one authorized bidder. While applicants may change their
authorized bidders at a later date, only those bidders listed on the FCC Form 180 will be
authorized to place bids for the applicant during the auction.

5 See section VII.
6 See 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(1); see also section V.A.4 regarding limited information procedures before and during
the auction.
7 See 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(1).
8 FCC personnel will communicate only with an applicant's contact person or certifying official, as designated on
the applicant's FCC Form 180, unless the applicant's certifying official or contact person notifies the Commission in
writing that applicant's counsel or other representative is authorized to speak on its behalf. Authorizations may be
sent by e-mail to auction902@fcc.gov.
9 See 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(2).
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Any qualified bidder may bid online through its authorized bidder(s) during the auction.

Applicant's Potentially Eligible Areas

The Applicant's Potentially Eligible Areas screens make up the second series of screens in FCC Form
180. This series of screens uses information provided by the applicant to limit for that applicant the set of
areas eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support to those in which the applicant is potentially
eligible to bid. The identification of an area as one in which the applicant is potentially eligible to bid
does not mean that the applicant is actually eligible to bid for support in that area. As a first step in
identifying the set of potentially eligible areas with respect to an application, the applicant provides the
Eligible Telecommunications Carrier (ETC) Study Area Code(s) (SAC(s)) and any Tribal lands identified
by a Tribally-owned or -controlled applicant as the subject of a pending petition by it for ETC
designation. Then, to identify an applicant's potentially eligible areas, the Auction System will only be
able to identify all areas eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support that are within the same state as
the study area(s) associated with SAC(s) provided by an applicant, as well as all areas eligible for Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I support that are within Tribal lands identified by an applicant as the subject of a
pending petition for ETC designation. Some of those areas may be outside the areas for which an
applicant is actually eligible to bid pursuant to the Commission's rules--i.e., the areas in which it is
designated as an ETC or, in the case of a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity, areas in its Tribal lands for
which it has a pending petition for designation as an ETC. Thus, the listing of any area in these screens as
a potentially eligible area is not a determination of eligibility under the Commission's rules.
In these screens, the applicant will identify the SAC(s) associated with its ETC designation(s). In the
alternative or in addition, a Tribally-owned or -controlled applicant will provide the name(s) of the Tribal
land(s) corresponding to any pending petition by it for ETC designation for those Tribal land(s) covering
the area in which the applicant may wish to bid during the auction. Finally, the applicant will specify in
this series of screens whether it is a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity eligible to claim a bidding credit
available for Tribal entities with respect to their Tribal land(s).
To submit the FCC Form 180 to participate in the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction, applicants must
identify at least one SAC or Tribal land name. Until a SAC or Tribal land name is identified, the
applicant cannot submit the FCC Form 180. An applicant cannot add additional, or change previously
identified, SAC(s) and/or Tribal land(s) after the initial filing window has closed. Therefore, during the
initial filing window, it is important to carefully review the information provided to make sure all SAC
and Tribal land names that cover areas on which the applicant is eligible and may wish to bid have been
selected.
The FCC Auction System will not allow applicants to change the list of SACs and Tribal lands or to claim
a bidding credit for Tribal entities after the short-form application filing deadline. If a bidder places a bid
in a bidding area not covered by the SACs or Tribal lands submitted in its application, it will be in
default.
On the first screen in this series, the Potentially Eligible Areas Study Area Code (SAC) screen, an
applicant must state whether it has a SAC and, if so, must enter the SAC(s) associated with its designation
as an ETC. If not, an applicant will select "No," and will be directed to the next screen. Multiple SACs
can be entered in this area, but must be separated with commas. To remove or modify SAC(s), highlight
the specific SAC(s) in the "Add SAC" text box and delete or correct as needed.
Continuing to the second screen in this series, the Potentially Eligible Areas Tribal Land Information
screen, an applicant must state if it is a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity with a pending application to
become an ETC in its Tribal lands covering the area for which it is seeking support and, if so, must select
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the Tribal land(s) associated with the pending ETC designation application in which the applicant will
want to be able to place bids during the auction.
To select the Tribal Land(s), select the state covering the applicant's pending ETC application
from the "State covering Tribal Land(s)" dropdown. The system will display a list of Tribal
land(s) located within that state. An applicant can select the applicable Tribal land(s) by
(1) clicking on an individual name; (2) clicking on the "Select All" button, if all are applicable; or
(3) to make multiple selections, pressing the CTRL key while simultaneously clicking each
applicable Tribal land. Once an applicant has selected all of the Tribal lands where it has a
pending ETC application, it should click the "

ADD

" button.
An applicant with multiple pending ETC applications, or an applicant with a pending FCC ETC
application covering multiple states, must repeat the above process for each applicable state.
Tribal land(s) can be removed from the "Selected Tribal Land(s)" box in the same manner
described above by using the "

REMOVE

" button.
NOTE: A Tribally-owned or -controlled entity could have both SAC(s) and pending ETC application(s).
On this screen, only those applicants with pending ETC application(s) select Tribal land(s) covered by
their pending application(s). Subsequent screens will list Tribal lands in the state related to any SAC(s)
entered on the previous screen and any specific Tribal lands selected on this screen.
The third screen in this series is the Potentially Eligible Areas Tribal Land Bidding Credit designation
screen. In Auction 902 for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support, the Commission makes available a
bidding credit for a Tribally-owned or -controlled entity seeking support to serve areas within its
associated Tribal land(s).10 For purposes of the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I bidding credit for Tribal
entities, a Tribally-owned or -controlled applicant must indicate in Form 180 if it is eligible to receive and
is seeking a bidding credit for serving its Tribal land(s) eligible for Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I support
and, if so, specify which Tribal land(s) it wants to apply the credit towards. This screen will list Tribal
lands in the state(s) related to any SAC(s) entered on previous screens and any specific Tribal lands
selected on previous screens. The 25 percent "reverse" bidding credit is available for Tribally-owned
or -controlled providers and is only available with respect to the eligible census blocks located within the
boundaries of the Tribal land associated with the Tribe that owns or controls the entity seeking support.11
The bidding credit reduces the Tribal entity's bid amount for purposes of comparing it to other bids.
Select the Tribal land(s) where you want the credit to apply from the list by (1) clicking on an
individual "Tribal land" name; (2) clicking on the "Select All" button, if all are applicable; or
(3) to make multiple selections, the applicant can press the CTRL key while simultaneously
clicking each applicable "Tribal land" name. Once an applicant has selected all of the Tribal
lands it wants the credit applied to, it should click the "

ADD

" button.
Tribal land(s) selections can be removed from the "Selected Tribal Land(s)" box in the same
manner described above by using the "

REMOVE

" button.

10 In Form 180 for Auction 902, this is sometimes referred to in an abbreviated form as a Tribal land bidding credit,
though it differs in its purpose and requirements from a similarly named bidding credit in spectrum license auctions
that is available for serving Tribal lands.
11 See sections II.A.2 and III.F.
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Continuing takes you to the final screen in this series, the Potentially Eligible Areas summary screen.
This screen provides a summary listing for all of the SAC(s) and/or Tribal land(s) successfully saved by
the applicant. Clicking on each link produces a listing of the bidding areas for which support is offered in
the Tribal land or all of the bidding areas in the state associated with the SAC. The list will include the
state, county, Tribal area, population, and, where applicable, Tribe name and bidding credit for the areas
listed. Two additional links are provided at the bottom of the page, "All Tribal Lands Pertaining to
Applicant's Selection" and "Potentially Eligible Areas Map Pertaining to Applicant's Selection." Both
the list of all areas and the map will include all areas for which support is offered in states that include
SAC(s) entered and Tribal lands identified in the application.
If a Tribal land is not shown or is incorrect, applicants should review their SAC(s) and/or Tribal land(s) to
make sure all selections were made and/or entered accurately. An applicant can click the "EDIT" button
at the bottom of the page to return to the Study Area Code (SAC) screen, as described above.
When all potentially eligible areas have been identified, click the

CONTINUE

button.
NOTE: A warning message to upload a "Spectrum Access" attachment will display if the
applicant has not already done so. The system will allow an applicant to continue but will not
permit the application to be submitted without the required attachment. For further details refer
to section III.E.2 of this Public Notice.

Agreements

The Agreements screens are the third series of screens in FCC Form 180. In these screens, applicants will
provide information regarding auction-related agreements subject to disclosure under the Commission's
rules.12
On the first screen, applicants must state whether they have any agreements that are subject to disclosure
under the Commission's rules by responding "Yes" or "No" to a question asking whether the applicant
has entered into any agreements relating to the participation of the applicant in the competitive bidding.
When two applicants in this auction share an officer, director, or an individual with specified ownership
interests,13 it is at this point in each application that the two applicants can indicate that there is a sharing
of this one individual (officer, director, or owner) by responding to this "agreement" question with a
"Yes."14

12 47 C.F.R. 1.21001(b)(3).
13 We remind applicants that, for purposes of the communication prohibitions of 47 C.F.R. 1.21002, section
1.21002(a) defines "applicant" as including any applicant, each party capable of controlling the applicant, and each
party that may be controlled by the applicant or by a party capable of controlling the applicant.
14 As explained in this Public Notice, a failure to report an agreement in both short-form applications when a
specified individual is involved with two applicants in the same auction can result in a violation of section 1.21002.
See section II.C.2.a. Where an individual serves as an officer for two or more applicants, the Bureaus have found
that the bids and bidding strategies of one applicant are necessarily conveyed to the other applicant, and, absent a
disclosed bidding agreement, an apparent violation of the rule prohibiting certain communications occurs. See, e.g.,
Letter to Colby M. May, TCCSA, Inc., d/b/a Trinity Broadcasting Network, from Barbara A. Kreisman, Chief,
Video Division, Media Bureau, and Margaret W. Wiener, Chief, Auctions and Spectrum Access Division, Wireless
Telecommunications Bureau, DA 05-2445, 20 FCC Rcd 14648 (2005) (finding apparent violation of communication
prohibitions of section 1.2105(c) where applicants with mutually exclusive applications reported sharing same
individual as an officer and director and reported having no bidding agreement).
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If an applicant answers "No," the applicant will continue to the Ownership series of screens, described
below. If the applicant answers "Yes," the applicant will continue with additional Agreements screens.
In the additional Agreements screens, applicants must provide an identifying name for the agreement and
must identify all real parties in interest to any agreements relating to the participation of the applicant in
competitive bidding. The agreement identifier can be a brief description of the agreement or a simple
reference name; however, each agreement identifier must be unique. Neither the name of the agreement
nor its description should indicate potentially eligible area designations such as bidding areas, census
blocks, or study area codes for this auction.
Applicants may provide FRNs for the other parties to the agreement, if available. While providing the
FRN is optional, it helps prevent identification errors resulting from parties having similar names or a
single party using multiple names.
Up to three parties to the agreement (not including the applicant) can be identified on a single screen.
Additional parties can be added by clicking the

ADD MORE PARTIES

button. In the event of an error,
the name of a party and its associated FRN can be deleted from the form by clicking on the

RESET

button. After identifying all parties to a particular agreement, click the

FINISH THIS AGREEMENT

button.
The next screen, the View/Edit Agreements screen, lists the agreements and parties to each agreement that
already have been entered. From this screen, the following options are available:
Clicking the

Edit

icon or the

Agreements

link to return to the initial Agreements screen
regarding whether or not the applicant has any agreements.
Modifying agreement identifiers by clicking on them.
Clicking the

Delete This Agreement

link to delete an agreement and associated parties.
Modifying information regarding a particular party to an agreement by clicking on the party's
name.
Clicking the

Remove

icon next to information about a particular party to remove that
corresponding party.
Clicking the

Add Party to This Agreement

link to add a new party to an agreement.
Clicking the

CREATE NEW AGREEMENT

button to add additional agreements.
When all agreements and the parties to each agreement have been identified, the applicant should click
the

CONTINUE

button.

Ownership

The Ownership screens are the fourth series of screens in the FCC Form 180. In the Ownership screens,
applicants will provide information regarding parties with ownership interests in the applicant that must
be disclosed pursuant to Commission rules.15 Commission rules also require the disclosure and

15 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a), 54.1005(a)(1).
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description of FCC-regulated businesses that are owned by the applicant and by parties with certain
ownership interests in the applicant.16

Information Already on File with the Commission

Some applicants may have previously filed FCC Form 602 disclosing ownership information in
connection with wireless services. In addition, some applicants may have filed a short-form application
(FCC Form 175 or FCC Form 180) for a previous auction disclosing ownership information. To simplify
filling out FCC Form 180, an applicant's most current ownership information on file with the
Commission will automatically be entered into the applicant's short-form application, if it is in an
electronic format compatible with the short-form application (FCC Form 180) (such as information
submitted in an online FCC Form 602 or in an FCC Form 175 or FCC Form 180 filed for a previous
auction using the FCC Auction System). Applicants with ownership information automatically entered
into FCC Form 180 will proceed directly to the View/Edit Ownership screen described below.
Each applicant is responsible for ensuring that information submitted in its FCC Form 180 is complete
and accurate. An applicant must carefully review any information automatically entered to confirm that it
is complete and accurate as of the deadline for submitting its short-form application in this auction.
Information must be corrected directly in the FCC Form 180. After the deadline for filing this FCC Form
180, submitted ownership information will be considered to be the applicant's most current information
on file with the Commission for this auction.

Disclosable Interest Holders and FCC-Regulated Businesses

Section 1.2112(a) of the Commission's rules list the interest holders in the applicant that must be
disclosed in FCC Form 180.17

Applicants must report holders of both direct and indirect interests

.
Section 1.2112(a)(7) lists the FCC-regulated business entities, or applicants for an FCC license, that must
be disclosed in FCC Form 180.18
The initial Ownership screen enables the applicant to add information regarding either a disclosable
interest holder, or the FCC-regulated businesses in which either the applicant has an interest or parties
with 10% or more ownership interest in the applicant have an interest. Each screen will specify the
information that the applicant must provide. Please note the following with respect to particular
information requested:

If an application includes one or more disclosable interest holders with indirect ownership

in the applicant,19 the application must include an attachment describing the relationship
between the indirect interest holder(s) and the applicant.
The attachment should provide an
overview of the ownership chain that links the indirect owner(s) to the applicant, e.g., indirect
owner X owns 50% of holding company Y; indirect owner Z owns 50% of holding company Y;

16 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a), 54.1005(a)(1).
17 Section 54.1005 requires the disclosure on the short-form application of applicant ownership information as set
forth in section 1.2112(a). 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a), 54.1005.
18 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a)(7).
19 47 C.F.R. 1.2112(a)(6).
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and holding company Y owns 100% of the applicant.20 One attachment connecting all indirect
owners to the applicant is sufficient. Applicants should not provide separate attachments for each
indirect owner. An overview of the ownership connections is sufficient. The attachment should
not duplicate all of the detailed information already provided in the data fields of the FCC Form
180.
The "Percent of Interest Held in Applicant" should reflect the disclosable interest holder's
aggregate ownership interest in the applicant (both direct and indirect). In some cases, e.g.,
circumstances where there is joint ownership or indirect ownership resulting in different owners
sharing the same ownership interests, the sum of all the percentages held by disclosable interest
holders may exceed 100%. In other cases, a disclosable interest holder may have a 0% ownership
interest in the applicant.
FCC-regulated businesses in which the applicant has a direct interest can be entered from the
initial Add Ownership Disclosure Information screen. FCC-regulated businesses in which a
disclosable interest holder has a direct interest can be entered from the Add FCC Regulated
Business
screen in the series of screens for entering information about a disclosable interest
holder.
When adding an FCC-regulated business, "Percent of Interest Held" refers to the percent of
interest held directly by the applicant or disclosable interest holder, as applicable, in the FCC-
regulated business. FCC-regulated businesses in which the applicant or disclosable interest
holder has an indirect interest need not be reported in the FCC Form 180.
To simplify filling out the FCC Form 180, applicants can click on the

Select Business(es)

Already Submitted

link when entering an FCC-regulated business previously entered as an
FCC-regulated business for the applicant or another disclosable interest holder. When doing so,
be certain to enter the "Percent of Interest Held" in the FCC-regulated business by the current
party, either the applicant or the disclosable interest holder, with respect to which the FCC-
regulated business is being entered.

View/Edit Ownership Disclosure Information

The View/Edit Ownership Disclosure Information screen summarizes ownership information already
entered in the FCC Form 180, either automatically from compatible ownership information on file with
the Commission or directly by the applicant, and provides links enabling existing information to be
revised and additional information to be added.
Existing ownership information is divided into two groups:

Disclosable Interest Holders of this Applicant

FCC-Regulated Businesses of this Applicant
To view the detailed information submitted regarding the applicant, a disclosable interest holder, or FCC-
regulated business, click on the relevant party's name. To delete existing information or add a new entry
in one of the categories, click on the relevant link. This screen also provides a link enabling applicants to

20 Id.
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add an FCC-regulated business directly to an existing disclosable interest holder, without needing to
reenter the disclosable interest holder's information.

Summary

The Summary screens summarizes information applicants have provided in the previous screens, offering
an overview of an applicant's FCC Form 180 to help locate specific information. These screens will
appear prior to the Certify and Submit screens, in order to permit the applicant to review all of the
information entered in previous screens and to provide an opportunity to check for certain inconsistencies
or omissions in the information within the FCC Form 180.
The first Summary screen, the Summary Overview screen, lists the first four series of screens in the
application and provides a

VIEW/EDIT

button to access each one.

Clicking

VIEW/EDIT

for Applicant Information produces a Detail for Applicant Information
screen showing the information entered for each data entry field. To change any data item, the
applicant should click the

Edit

icon for the relevant data field.

Clicking

VIEW/EDIT

for Potentially Eligible Areas takes the applicant to the View/Edit
Potentially Eligible Areas
Summary screen.

Clicking

VIEW/EDIT

for Agreements takes the applicant to the Agreements screen discussed
above in the Agreements section.

Clicking

VIEW/EDIT

for Ownership takes the applicant to the View/Edit Ownership Disclosure
Information
screen discussed above in the Ownership section.
Clicking on the

CHECK ERRORS

button initiates an automated check of the application. If the
automated check encounters certain inconsistencies or omissions in information within the FCC Form 180
that must be corrected before submitting the application, the inconsistencies or omissions will be listed in
an Error box at the top of the screen. To correct one of these errors, click its corresponding

EDIT

button.
In addition, if the automated check encounters certain apparent inconsistencies or omissions that might
render the application incomplete or deficient if the application is submitted with current information, the
apparent errors will be listed in a Warning box. To revise the information related to an apparent
inconsistency or omission, click its corresponding

EDIT

button.
Each applicant is solely responsible for providing complete and accurate information in its FCC Form
180. The automated check is provided to assist applicants in completing the FCC Form 180. However,
the automated check cannot be relied upon to determine whether the information provided is complete or
accurate. The automated check may not catch all errors and applicants cannot rely on the automated
check to determine the completeness or the accuracy of submitted information.
If the automated check does not encounter certain inconsistencies or omissions, a box will appear
displaying the message, "

No Errors found - You may continue to Certify and Submit.

" Applicants
may then click the

CONTINUE TO CERTIFY

button.
NOTE: An error message "You must upload a `Spectrum Access' attachment that provides all
required information relating to spectrum access" will display if the applicant has not attached the
required documentation. See "Attaching Additional Information," below, for instructions about
how to provide an attachment.
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DA 13-1672


Attaching Additional Information

If an applicant needs to provide additional information not requested directly in the screens comprising
the FCC Form 180, that information can be provided in an attachment. For example, an applicant can
provide information regarding its ETC designation in an attachment.
For Auction 902, an applicant is required to provide an attachment to FCC Form 180 disclosing all
required information relating to spectrum access in regards to its plans for meeting Mobility Fund
obligations in the particular area(s) for which it plans to bid. The attachment type must be designated as
"Spectrum Access." Applicants should refer to section III.E.2 of this Public Notice for further details
about the information to be included in this required attachment.
The screen for adding an attachment to FCC Form 180 can be accessed by clicking on the

Attachments

link in the upper right of any screen. This screen requests information regarding the type of attachment to
be added, the name of the file to be attached, and a brief description of the attachment.
NOTE: If the attachment is a request for a waiver or exemption of any of the Commission's rules
or procedures, the applicant must identify the "Type" of attachment as a "Waiver" to facilitate
prompt processing.
Once the requested information is provided, applicants can add the attachment to the application by
clicking on the

ADD ATTACHMENT

button. A list of any attachments already uploaded along with the
applicant's FCC Form 180 will appear at the bottom of the screen.
When uploading attachments, applicants may use a variety of file formats, including MS Word,
WordPerfect 5.x or later, Adobe PDF, and ASCII text. Applicants must, however, verify that the files
contain all attachment information, and files may be no larger than 10 Mb and must not be password-
protected. Graphics files (e.g., .bmp, .tiff, .jpg) and spreadsheets (e.g., Excel, Lotus) are supported but
not recommended.

Certify and Submit

The Certify and Submit screen is the fifth and final screen in FCC Form 180. In this screen, applicants
provide certifications required of all participants in the Tribal Mobility Fund Phase I auction.21
The Certify and Submit screen lists the certifications required of all applicants in the Commission's Tribal
Mobility Fund Phase I auction and requests that the applicant's certifying official be identified and sign
the application.

Who Can Certify.

If the applicant is a partnership, the short-form application can be certified by one of
the partners. If the applicant is a corporation, the short-form application can be certified by an officer,
director, or duly-authorized employee.
Applicants are reminded that submission of an FCC Form 180 constitutes a representation by the
certifying official that he or she is an authorized representative of the applicant and has read the form's
instructions and certifications, and that the contents of the application, its certifications, and any
attachments are true, complete, and correct. Submission of a false certification to the Commission may
result in penalties, including monetary forfeitures, license forfeitures, ineligibility to participate in future

21 See 47.C.F.R. 54.1005.
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DA 13-1672

auctions, and/or criminal prosecution. As noted above, a change of certifying official is considered a
major change of the short-form application and will not be permitted after the application deadline.
Additional details about the certifications can be found in this Public Notice.
Once the Certify and Submit screen has been filled out, the application may be submitted by clicking on
the

SUBMIT

button.
After the application has been submitted, a confirmation screen will be displayed that states the
submission time and date, along with a unique file number. An applicant should print a copy of the
confirmation page for its records. An applicant may then view and print copies of its submitted
application by clicking on the

PRINT PREVIEW

button.
FCC Form 180 applications for Auction 902 must be submitted and confirmed prior to 6:00 p.m. EST on
Wednesday, October 9, 2013. Late applications or unconfirmed submissions of electronic data will not be
accepted.
o

Withdrawing a Short-Form Application Before the Filing Deadline and Updating

Existing Short-Form Applications


Withdrawing an Application

To withdraw a submitted application before the short-form application filing deadline, applicants should
click on the

Withdraw Application

icon on the Auction Application Manager Create or Review Auction
Applications
page. All previously-submitted data will be deleted.

After the short-form application filing deadline, an application may not be withdrawn.


Updating Existing Applications

The Create or Review Auction Applications page displays any application created or submitted within a
filing window. This page shows the application status, the date and time the application was last updated,
and the date and time the application was last submitted. It may be used as a reference to confirm the date
and time of the most recent submission of the application.
To review or continue working on an existing short-form application, an applicant should click the
application auction number, which will produce the application's Summary page in a view/edit mode.
After making any updates or changes, an applicant must go to the Certify and Submit screen and click the

SUBMIT

button to submit any changes made to its FCC Form 180 application. After the revised
application has been submitted, a confirmation page will display the application's file number and
submission time and date. You should print a copy of the confirmation page for your records. An
applicant may then view and print copies of its submitted application by clicking on the

PRINT
PREVIEW

button.
After the filing deadline, an applicant may make only minor changes to its application. Major
modifications will not be permitted (e.g., change in ownership of the applicant that would constitute an
assignment or transfer of control, or the identity of the applicant, or the certifications required in the
application).22

22 47 C.F.R. 54.1005(b)(3)(iv).
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Miscellaneous

o

Access to View Short-Form Applications

After the deadline for filing short-form applications, the Commission will process all timely-submitted
applications to determine which are complete. The Commission will subsequently issue a public notice
identifying: (1) those that are complete; (2) those that are rejected; and (3) those that are incomplete or
deficient because of minor defects that may be corrected. Once that public notice is released, any
interested parties may be able to view the short-form applications by searching the FCC Auction System.
To start a search, go to either http://auctions.fcc.gov/ (primary location) or http://auctions2.fcc.gov
(secondary location) and click the

Auction Application Search

link in the Public Access area on the
FCC Auction System page.
o

Technical Support

For technical assistance with using FCC software, contact the FCC Technical Support Hotline at (877)
480-3201, option nine; (202) 414-1250; or (202) 414-1255 (TTY). The FCC Technical Support Hotline
is available Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. EST. All calls to the FCC Technical
Support Hotline are recorded.
Paperwork Reduction Act Approval: The FCC Form 180 was assigned control number 3060-1166 and
was approved, as revised, by the Office of Management and Budget on April 16, 2012.
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ATTACHMENT E

Summary Listing of Judicial, Commission, and Bureau Documents Addressing

Application of Section 1.2105(c)'s Prohibition of Certain Communications

Between Auction Applicants

A. Judicial Decisions

Star Wireless, LLC v. FCC, 522 F.3d 469 (D.C. Cir. 2008).
High Plains Wireless, L.P. v. FCC, 276 F.3d 599 (D.C. Cir. 2002).

B. Commission Decisions

Procedural Amendments to Commission Part 1 Competitive Bidding Rules, Order, FCC 10-4, 25 FCC
Rcd 521 (2010).
Service Rules for the 698-746, 747-762 and 777-792 MHz Bands, WT Docket No. 06-150, Second Report
and Order
, FCC 07-132, 22 FCC Rcd 15289, 15395 285-86, 15489 (2007).
Star Wireless, LLC and Northeast Communications of Wisconsin, Inc., Order on Review, FCC 07-80, 22
FCC Rcd 8943 (2007).
Amendment of Part 1 of the Commission's Rules Competitive Bidding Procedures, WT Docket No. 97-
82, Seventh Report and Order, FCC 01-270, 16 FCC Rcd 17546 (2001).
Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture of Western PCS BTA 1 Corp., Memorandum Opinion and
Orde
r, FCC 99-385, 14 FCC Rcd 21571 (1999); Application of Western PCS BTA I Corp., Notice of
Apparent Liability for Forfeiture,
FCC 98-42, 13 FCC Rcd 8305 (1998).
Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture of US West Communications, Inc., Order, FCC 99-90, 14
FCC Rcd 8816 (1999); Application of US West Communications, Inc., Notice of Apparent Liability for
Forfeiture,
FCC 98-41, 13 FCC Rcd 8286 (1998).
Application of Mercury PCS II, LLC, Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 98-203, 13 FCC Rcd
23755 (1998); Applications of: Mercury PCS II, LLC, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC
97-388, 12 FCC Rcd 17970 (1997).
Amendment of Part 1 of the Commission's Rules Competitive Bidding Procedures, WT Docket No.
97-82, Third Report and Order and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making, FCC 97-413, 13
FCC Rcd 374, 463-469 155-166 (1997).
Commercial Realty St. Pete, Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 96-400, 11 FCC Rcd 15374
(1996); Commercial Realty St. Pete, Inc., Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC 95-58, 10 FCC
Rcd 4277 (1995).
Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No.
93-253, Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 94-295, 9 FCC Rcd 7684, 7687-7689 8-12 (1994).
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DA 13-1672

Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No.
93-253, Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 94-264, 9 FCC Rcd 6858, 6866-6869 47-60
(1994).
Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No.
93-253, Second Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 94-215, 9 FCC Rcd 7245, 7253-7254 48-53
(1994).
Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No.
93-253, Fifth Report and Order, FCC 94-178, 9 FCC Rcd 5532, 5570-5571 91-92 (1994).
Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act Competitive Bidding, PP Docket No.
93-253, Second Report and Order, FCC 94-61, 9 FCC Rcd 2348, 2386-2388 221-226 (1994).

C. Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Decisions

Lotus Communications Corp., Order, DA 08-1364, 23 FCC Rcd 9107 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 2008).
Application of Nevada Wireless, Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 98-1137, 13 FCC Rcd 11973
(Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1998).
Applications of High Plains Wireless, L.P., Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 97-2451, 12 FCC Rcd
19627 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1997).
Applications of Mercury PCS II, LLC, Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration, DA 97-
2324, 12 FCC Rcd 18093 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1997); Applications of Mercury PCS II, LLC,
Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 97-1782, 13 FCC Rcd 5756 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1997).
Applications of GWI PCS, Inc., Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 97-674, 12 FCC Rcd 6441
(Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1997).
Amendment of Parts 21 and 74 of the Commission's Rules With Regard to Filing Procedures in the
Multipoint Distribution Service and in the Instructional Television Fixed Service, MM Docket No. 94-
131, Order, DA 95-2292, 11 FCC Rcd 9655 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1995).
1. Public Notices
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Reminder of Anti-Collusion Rule Obligations, Public Notice, DA
04-3677, 19 FCC Rcd 22880 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 2004).
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Staff Provides Guidance on Completing the Short-Form
Application (FCC Form 175) for Auction No. 40, Auction of Licenses for Lower and Upper Paging
Bands, Public Notice, DA 01-2122, 16 FCC Rcd 16391 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 2001).
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Responds to Questions About the Local Multipoint Distribution
Service Auction, Public Notice, DA 98-37, 13 FCC Rcd 341 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1998).
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Provides Guidance on the Anti-Collusion Rule for D, E and F
Block Bidders, Public Notice, DA 96-1460, 11 FCC Rcd 10134 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1996).
FCC Staff Clarifies Application of Anti-Collusion Rule to Broadband PCS "C" Block Reauction, Public
Notice,
DA 96-929, 11 FCC Rcd 7031 (Auc. Div. 1996).
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Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Clarifies Spectrum Auction Anti-Collusion Rules, Public Notice,
DA 95-2244, 11 FCC Rcd 9645 (Wireless Telecom. Bur. 1995).
2. Letters from the Office of General Counsel, the Wireless Telecommunications

Bureau, and the Media Bureau

Letter to John Cooper, Aurora Communications, Inc., from Margaret W. Wiener, DA 06-157, 21 FCC
Rcd 523 (Auc. Div. 2006).
Letter to Howard A. Kalmenson, Lotus Communications Corp., from Margaret W. Wiener, DA 06-156,
21 FCC Rcd 520 (Auc. Div. 2006).
Letter to Colby M. May from Barbara A. Kreisman and Margaret W. Wiener, DA 05-2445, 20 FCC Rcd
14648 (Video and Auc. Divs. 2005).
Letter to Robert Pettit from Margaret W. Wiener, DA 00-2905, 16 FCC Rcd 10080 (Auc. Div. 2000).
Letter to John Reardon, Mobex Communications, Inc., from Amy J. Zoslov, DA 98-1861, 13 FCC Rcd
17877 (Auc. Div. 1998).
Letter to Elliott J. Greenwald from Christopher J. Wright, DA 98-644, 13 FCC Rcd 7132 (Gen. Counsel
1998).
Letter to David L. Nace from Kathleen O'Brien Ham, DA 96-1566, 11 FCC Rcd 11363 (Auc. Div. 1996).
Letter to Mark Grady from Kathleen O'Brien Ham, DA 96-587, 11 FCC Rcd 10895 (Auc. Div. 1996).
Letter to Jonathan D. Blake from Kathleen O'Brien Ham, DA 95-2404, 10 FCC Rcd 13783 (Auc. Div.
1995).
Letter to Leonard J. Kennedy from Rosalind K. Allen, Acting Chief, Commercial Radio Division,
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (released December 14, 1994).
Letter to R. Michael Senkowski from Rosalind K. Allen, Acting Chief, Commercial Radio Division,
Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (released December 1, 1994).
Letter to Gary M. Epstein and James H. Barker from William E. Kennard, General Counsel, Federal
Communications Commission (released October 25, 1994).
Letter to Alan F. Ciamporcero from William E Kennard, General Counsel, Federal Communications
Commission (released October 25, 1994).

D. Enforcement Bureau Decisions

Cascade Access, L.L.C., Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, DA 09-207, 24 FCC Rcd 1350 (Enf.
Bur. 2009).
Application of Star Wireless, LLC, Forfeiture Order, DA 04-3026, 19 FCC Rcd 18626 (Enf. Bur. 2004);
Application of Star Wireless, LLC, Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, DA 03-2722, 18 FCC Rcd
17648 (Enf. Bur. 2003).
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DA 13-1672

Application of Northeast Communications of Wisconsin, Inc., Forfeiture Order, DA 04-3027, 19 FCC
Rcd 18635 (Enf. Bur. 2004); Application of Northeast Communications of Wisconsin, Inc., Notice of
Apparent Liability for Forfeiture
, DA 03-2723, 18 FCC Rcd 17672 (Enf. Bur. 2003).

E. Civil Actions Initiated by U.S. Department of Justice

USA v. Northeast Communications of Wisconsin, Inc., No. 07-C-715, 608 F.Supp.2d 1049 (E.D.Wis. June
25, 2008).
U.S. v. Omnipoint Corp., Proposed Final Judgments and Competitive Impact Statements, Department of
Justice, 63 Fed. Reg. 65,228 (Nov. 25, 1998).
"Justice Department Sues Three Firms Over FCC Auction Practices," Press Release, U.S. Department of
Justice (Nov. 10, 1998).
Complaint, U.S. v. Omnipoint Corp., No. 1:98CV02750 (D.D.C. Nov. 10, 1998).
Complaint, U.S. v. Mercury PCS II, L.L.C., No. 1:98CV02751 (D.D.C. Nov. 10, 1998).
Complaint, U.S. v. 21st Century Bidding Corp., No. 1:98CV02752 (D.D.C. Nov. 10, 1998).

How to Obtain Copies of Listed Decisions

Many of the documents listed in this attachment can be retrieved from the following Commission
website: http://wireless.fcc.gov/auctions/prohibited_communications.
Additionally, all of the documents can be ordered in hard copy for a fee from the Commission's
duplicating contractor, Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445 12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington,
DC 20554, (800) 378-3160, or at http://www.bcpiweb.com.
E - 4

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