COMMISSIONER JESSICA ROSENWORCELRe:
Modernizing the E-Rate Program for Schools and Libraries, Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking (July 19, 2013)
This is big--because here comes E-Rate 2.0.
Over the last several months I have had the opportunity to talk about the E-Rate program
at length with teachers, librarians, superintendents, school administrators, education technology
providers, network engineers, device manufacturers, and content creators. They obviously have
different interests. They spend their days in everything from classrooms to cubicles to corner
offices. They work with different educational systems in different communities across the
country. But they have one thing in common. They believe in the power of E-Rate to bring
connectivity to our nation's schools and libraries. They believe it is absolutely essential for
digital age opportunity--and digital age success.
I agree. E-Rate is the nation's largest education technology program. Launched
seventeen years ago through the vision and leadership of Senator Jay Rockefeller, Senator
Olympia Snowe, and then Congressman, now Senator, Ed Markey, E-Rate has helped connect
more than 95 percent of classrooms to the Internet.
Impressive! But laurels are not good resting places. Because we are quickly moving
from a world where what matters is connectivity to a world where what matters is capacity.
Already, year-in and year-out, the demand for E-Rate support is double the roughly $2.3 billion
the Commission now makes available annually. Moreover, the agency's own survey indicates
that 80 percent of schools and libraries believe that their broadband connections do not meet
their current needs.
Let's be honest. Those needs are only going to grow. School administrators are facing
tough choices about limited bandwidth in the classroom. How to divvy it up, what grades and
classrooms get it, and what programs they can run on it. This means that without adequate
capacity our students are going to fall short. They will be unable to realize the full potential of
digital learning. That's a serious problem.
But this is not just a matter of getting schools and libraries connected; it's a matter of our
global competitiveness. Welcome to the world that is flat. Knowledge, jobs, and capital are
going to migrate to places where workers have digital age skills, especially those in science,
technology, engineering, and math--or STEM fields. In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics tells
us that here at home over the next five years we will have over 1 million STEM-related job
openings. STEM jobs are growing at a rate three times faster than all other occupations. And
even opportunities outside of STEM will be increasingly digitized, and students will need
technology skills to become competitive in the worldwide workforce.
But we fail our students if we expect digital age learning to take place at near dial-up
speeds. A recent Harris survey found that roughly half of E-Rate schools access the Internet at
speeds of 3 Megabits or less. That is too slow for streaming high-definition video and not fast
enough for the most innovative teaching tools. Add to this that in the United States, out of
42,000 high schools, only 2100--five percent--offer computer science courses.
Contrast this with efforts underway in some of our world neighbors. They are pouring
resources into these subjects, into schools, and connectivity.
For example, in Singapore 100 percent of schools are wired with high-speed broadband.
In South Korea, 100 percent of schools are also connected to high-speed broadband. With so
much capacity, an effort is underway to transition all students from traditional textbooks to
digital readers in 2016. In Uruguay, through a national program, nearly all primary and
secondary schools have been connected and every primary school student has access to a free
laptop. Uruguay also has revamped its secondary school science and math curricula adding
robotics and national math competitions. In Turkey, the Prime Minister is seeking a provider to
supply 10 million tablets to Turkish students by 2015. In Thailand, the government has
established a one tablet per child policy in effort to reduce the education gap between the
nation's urban and rural children. By the end of next year, the government will have distributed
devices to 13 million school children.
For now, we can recognize that these countries are smaller than the United States. They
have different cultures. They have different education systems. But we can still take from these
examples that improving broadband capacity to schools for digital age learning must be a
national priority. If we fracture this effort and leave it to every local school jurisdiction we will
miss opportunities for scale and savings. Yet in the end the point is a simple one. Access to
adequate broadband is not a luxury--it is a necessity for our next generation to be able to
compete. Just like in my day you wouldn't have a classroom without a blackboard, today we
shouldn't have a classroom without broadband.
We are at a crossroads. We have a choice. We can wait and see where the status quo
takes us and let other nations lead the way. Or we can choose a future where all American
students have the opportunity to gain the skills they need to compete, no matter who they are,
where they live, or where they go to school.
For my part, I believe that it is time to compete. It is time for E-Rate 2.0. We need to
protect what we have already done, build on it, and put this program on a course to provide
higher speeds and greater opportunities in the days ahead.
So I am especially pleased that today we begin this process with this rulemaking. In
keeping with our tradition here at the FCC, this document is comprehensive. It reflects the
diligent work of many dedicated lawyers. It covers a lot of important issues. But there are two
issues I believe deserve our immediate focus if we want to see E-Rate 2.0 up and running fast.
We need to focus on setting capacity goals and simplifying the application process.
First, E-Rate 2.0 must be built on clear capacity goals. The fact that we have connected
so many schools and libraries with E-Rate is good. But the job is not done. A recent survey
from Project Tomorrow tells us that only 15 percent of schools believe they have the bandwidth
they need for instructional purposes. It means they are unable to use the most up-to-date
educational materials. We can fix this with capacity goals.
Furthermore, capacity goals will signal to markets that the Unites States is serious about
making digital education a priority. This will yield more opportunities through greater scale for
new services, teaching tools, and devices--everywhere. We can use them to facilitate public-
private partnership opportunities that will bring education enhancing technology to classrooms in
communities across the country.
Today's rulemaking sets out some capacity goals that I have proposed in the past--and
fully support. By the 2015 school year, every school should have access to 100 Megabits per
1000 students. Before the end of the decade, every school should have access to 1 Gigabit per
1000 students. Libraries, too, will need access on par with these capacity goals. And this
provides more than just scale for content and device providers. Because the spillover effect for
this kind of broadband in local communities is substantial. Building Gigabit capacity to anchor
institutions like schools and libraries is the ticket to Gigabit cites and the ticket to digital
education and economic growth.
To get to these goals, we need to take a hard look at the existing program. We need to
collect better data from each of our applicants about what capacity they have and what capacity
they need. Then I think we can make adjustments to how we prioritize funding to ensure that
schools shorter on capacity get greater access to support.
As part of this hard look, we should phase down the estimated $600 million we currently
spend on outdated services like paging and free up those funds for more high-capacity
broadband. But growing this program is about growing national infrastructure and enhancing
educational opportunity for the next generation. It is a conversation we need to have, because it
is where we need to invest now.
Second, we need ideas from stakeholders far and wide about how to simplify the
application process. I can tell you from my experiences speaking about E-Rate during the last
several months that nothing gets applause like the promise of simplifying the process. I hope we
can take a fresh look at how the complexity of our existing system can deter small and rural
schools from applying. To this end, in our rulemaking we ask about the feasibility of multi-year
applications. This could substantially reduce paperwork and administrative expense. We also
ask how to encourage greater use of consortia applications. This could mean greater scale and
more cost-effective purchasing. I think these are good ideas. We should be open to others--
especially from those who know the challenge of filling out these forms year-in and year-out.
As we move forward with our rulemaking, I think E-Rate 2.0 requires us to think big and
reach beyond Washington. We need to hear from educators and technology experts on the front
lines in classrooms across the country. Because as President Obama put it in Mooresville, North
Carolina last month, we are "at a moment when the rest of the world is trying to out-educate
us[.]" But it is within our reach to make sure that our young people have every tool they need to
go as far as their talents and dreams and ambitions and hard work will take them.
So let's do something audacious. Let's seize the powerful combination of broadband,
plummeting device costs, and increasing opportunity for cloud-based educational content. Call it
ConnectED, call it E-Rate 2.0, but let's do it.
Thank you to the Wireline Competition Bureau for your hard work on this rulemaking.
Thank you to Professor Jim Steyer and Secretary Margaret Spellings and the LEAD Commission
for fostering an important national conversation about the seismic shifts coming in education and
technology. Thank you also Principal John Word for your powerful statement today and of
course, your work with students every day.
Finally, thank you to Chairwoman Clyburn and Commissioner Pai for engaging with me
on this issue. I look forward to working together to reboot, reinvigorate, and recharge the E-Rate
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