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FCC Releases New Data on Local Telephone Competition.

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Released: June 14, 2012



Local Telephone Competition:

Status as of June 30, 2011








Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Wireline Competition Bureau
June 2012


















This report is available for reference in the FCC’s Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th
Street, SW, Washington, DC. Copies may be purchased by contacting Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445
12th Street, SW, Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800) 378-3160, or via their website at
www.bcpiweb.com. The report can also be downloaded from the Wireline Competition Bureau Statistical
Reports Internet site at www.fcc.gov/wcb/stats.







Contents

TEXT


Introduction.............................................................................................................................................1
Wireline retail local telephone service....................................................................................................1
Service providers ....................................................................................................................................3
Interconnected VoIP service ...................................................................................................................6
Switched access lines ..............................................................................................................................9
Wholesale relationships for switched access lines..................................................................................9
Remainder of the report ........................................................................................................................11
Technical Notes ....................................................................................................................................33
Glossary ................................................................................................................................................35

FIGURES


1. Interconnected VoIP Subscriptions and Retail Switched Access Lines, 2008 - 2011......................2
2. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and
Customer
Type .................................................................................................................................3
3. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and
Regulatory
Status .............................................................................................................................4
4. Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type ..........................................................................................................................5
5. Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features ................................................7
6. Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP Broadband Bundles .............8
7. Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines ..................................................................................9
8. Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs ...................................10

TABLES


1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions ..................................................12
2. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type....................13
3. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type .............................14
4. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs....................15
5. ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions,
and
UNEs .......................................................................................................................................16
6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers .................................................................................................................17
7. Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service ..........................18
8. Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines...................................................19
9. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ....................................20
10. Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ...........................21
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 i





11. Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State...............................22
12. Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions
by
State ...........................................................................................................................................23
13. Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ..................24
14. ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State ..........................25
15. Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State .....................................26
16. Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Provided to

Residential Customers by State ......................................................................................................27
17. Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State ......................................28
18. Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers .........................29
19. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers............................................30
20. Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers ...................30
21. Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State .............................31

CHARTS

1. Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions ..................................................12
2. Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers........................13
3. VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions...........................14
4. Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions..........................................15
5. ILEC Total Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs ..................................................................16
6. End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Type of Technology

for Non-ILEC Providers .................................................................................................................17
7. Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs..................................................18

MAP



Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs
by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code .......................................................................................................32











U.S. Federal Communications Commission Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 ii


Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011


Introduction.
The Commission has used FCC Form 477 to collect subscribership information from
telephone service providers – the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), competitive local exchange
carriers (CLECs), and mobile telephony providers – for more than a decade.1,2 The Commission has
required interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (“interconnected VoIP”) service providers to report
subscribership information since December 2008 because the use of VoIP technology is growing rapidly
and it increasingly is used to provide local telephone service.3

This report summarizes information about telephone services as of June 30, 2011. It demonstrates that
interconnected VoIP service subscribership has continued to increase while subscribership to traditional
wired telephone services has declined. We also update summary statistics for the mobile telephony
subscribership information collected by Form 477.4

Wireline retail local telephone service.

Retail local telephone service customers are served by two
wireline technologies – “end-user” switched access lines and interconnected VoIP “subscriptions.”

• In June 2011, there were 112 million end-user switched access lines in service and 34 million
interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the United States, or 146 million wireline retail local
telephone service connections in total. See Figure 1.


1 See the Technical Notes and the Glossary that appear at the end of this report for more-detailed information about
the Form 477 and the meaning of terms used in this report.
2 For an overview of program history for the telephone services data, see Local Telephone Competition: Status as
of December 31, 2008
(June 2010) at pp. 1-2, available at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html. Readers who are
interested in historical trends in the data should note the changes in reporting requirements that were effective in
2008 and earlier, in 2005.
3 The FCC’s rules (at 47 C.F.R. § 9.3) state:
An interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service is a service that:
(1) Enables real-time, two-way voice communications;
(2) Requires a broadband connection from the user’s location;
(3) Requires Internet protocol-compatible customer premises equipment (CPE); and
(4) Permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to
terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
We note that the current interpretation of element (4) of the definition excludes the VoIP services that Skype offers
in the United States, and subscribers to those services are not reported on Form 477. Prior to the December 2008
data, companies such as Vonage that solely provide interconnected VoIP service did not file Form 477. Telephone
companies and cable companies that provided local exchange telephone service were required to file Form 477 but
were not required to report interconnected VoIP subscriptions. However, some of these companies chose to include
interconnected VoIP subscriptions in the number of retail (end-user) switched access lines that they reported.
4 The presentation of mobile wireless telephone subscriber counts in this report does not constitute, or imply,
Commission analysis of the extent to which wireline and mobile wireless telephone services are demand substitutes
or complements in general or in any particular situation. In the Form 477 program, commercial mobile radio
service (CMRS) carriers who own or operate wireless networks report both their retail telephone service customers
and the retail customers of mobile wireless telephone service resellers.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 1

• Interconnected VoIP subscriptions had increased by 17% (from 29 million to 34 million) and
retail switched access lines had decreased by 8% (from 122 million to 112 million) between June
2010 and June 2011. The combined effect was an annual decrease of 3% in wireline retail local
telephone service connections (from 151 million to 146 million). See Figure 1.


Figure 1

Interconnected VoIP Subscriptions and Retail Switched Access Lines, 2008 - 2011

(In Thousands)
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
Dec
Jun
2008
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
Interconnected VoIP
21,744
23,929
25,924
28,702
31,674
33,635
Subscriptions
Retail Switched Access 141,019 133,093 126,949 122,174 116,898 112,240
Lines




• Of the 146 million wireline retail local telephone service connections in June 2011, 84 million (or
58%) were residential connections and 62 million (or 42%) were business connections. See
Figure 2.

• Cross-classified by technology and customer type, the 146 million wireline retail local telephone
service connections in June 2011 were: 38% residential switched access lines, 39% business
switched access lines, 20% residential interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and 3% business
interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 2.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 2

Figure 2

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology and

Customer Type as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)


Switched Access

Interconnected
Total

Lines

VoIP

Residential

55,739 28,616 84,355

Business

56,501 5,019
61,520
Total 112,240
33,635
145,875
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.



VoIP, Business

Switched,

3%

Residential

38%

Switched,

Business

39%

VoIP,

Residential

20%





Service providers.

The Form 477 program – and this report – distinguishes ILEC operations from all
other operations.

• Cross-classified by customer type (residential or business) and the service retailer’s regulatory
status (ILEC or non-ILEC), the 146 million wireline retail local telephone service connections
(including both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions) in June 2011 were:
38% ILEC residential service, 26% ILEC business service, 20% non-ILEC residential service,
and 16% non-ILEC business service. See Figure 3.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 3

Figure 3

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Customer Type and

Regulatory Status as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)


Residential
Business
Total

ILEC

55,064 37,894 92,958

Non-ILEC

29,291 23,626 52,917
Total 84,355
61,520
145,875
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


Non-ILEC,

ILEC,

Business

Residential

16%
38%

ILEC, Business

Non-ILEC,

26%

Residential

20%






• Additionally cross-classified by technology, the 84 million wireline residential connections in
June 2011 were: 61.5% ILEC switched access lines, 30.1% non-ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions, 4.6% non-ILEC switched access lines, and 3.8% ILEC interconnected VoIP
subscriptions. Similarly, the 62 million wireline business connections were: 60.9% ILEC
switched access lines, 30.9% non-ILEC switched access lines, 7.5% non-ILEC interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, and 0.7% ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions. See Figure 4.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 4


Figure 4

Wireline Retail Local Telephone Service Connections by Technology, Regulatory Status,

and Customer Type as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)

Total

Switched Access

Interconnected
Total

Lines

VoIP

ILEC 89,327
3,631
92,958
Non-ILEC 22,913
30,004
52,917
Total 112,240
33,635
145,875

Residential




ILEC 51,847
3,217
55,064
Non-ILEC 3,892
25,399
29,291
Residential Total
55,739
28,616
84,355

Business




ILEC 37,480
414
37,894
Non-ILEC 19,021
4,605
23,626
Business Total
56,501
5,019
61,520
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


Residential

ILEC, Switched

61.5%

Non-ILEC, VoIP

ILEC, VoIP

30.1%
3.8%

Non-ILEC,

Switched

4.6%


Business

ILEC, Switched

60.9%

Non-ILEC, VoIP

7.5%

ILEC, VoIP

Non-ILEC,

0.7%

Switched

30.9%


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 5

Interconnected VoIP service.

Form 477 identifies three types of information about retail interconnected
VoIP service.

• First, interconnected VoIP service retailers distinguish between the interconnected VoIP
subscriptions they sell to their broadband Internet access service customers (“broadband bundle”
subscriptions, in this report) and all the other interconnected VoIP subscriptions that they sell
(“standalone” subscriptions).

• Second, filers report whether or not interconnected VoIP subscriptions include, as a service
feature, the capability to use the service over any broadband connection to which the customer
has access, for example, at a hotel or vacation residence (“nomadic” functionality).

• Third, filers identify the different broadband technologies (for example, cable modem Internet
access service) in the broadband bundle.

The Form 477 data cross-classify the first two of these three sets of information. See Figure 5.



U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 6

Figure 5

Interconnected VoIP Subscribership by Reported Service Features

as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)

Total

Broadband
Standalone
Total

Bundle
VoIP

Nomadic 694
2,883
3,578
Not nomadic
28,090
1,967
30,058
Total 28,785
4,851
33,635

ILEC




Nomadic 20
4
24
Not nomadic
3,607
#
3,607
ILEC Total
3,627
4
3,631

Non-ILEC




Nomadic 675
2,879
3,554
Not nomadic
24,484
1,967
26,451
Non-ILEC Total
25,158
4,846
30,004
# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

Bundle, Not

nomadic

Standalone,

99.3%

Nomadic

0.1%

Bundle, Nomadic

Standalone, Not

0.5%
nomadic
<0.05%



Non-ILEC

Bundle, Not

nomadic
81.6%

Standalone,

Nomadic

9.6%

Standalone, Not

Bundle, Nomadic

nomadic
2.2%
6.6%


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 7

Form 477 collects the third type of information about retail interconnected VoIP service – the technology
of the Internet access connection – for broadband bundles but not for standalone interconnected VoIP.
See Figure 6.5

Figure 6

Technology of Internet Access Connections in Interconnected VoIP

Broadband Bundles as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC
Non-ILEC
Total
DSL or Other Wireline
2,374
1,814
4,187
FTTP 1,252
179
1,431
Cable Modem
1
22,833
22,834
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
#
53 53
Other 0
280
280
Total 3,627
25,158
28,785
# = Rounds to zero. Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

DSL or Other

Wireline

65.4%

Terrestrial Fixed

Cable Modem

Wireless

FTTP

<0.05%
<0.05%
34.5%

Non-ILEC

Cable Modem

90.8%

FTTP

0.7%

DSL or Other

Wireline

Other

Terrestrial Fixed

7.2%
1.1%

Wireless

0.2%

5 Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011 (XXX 2012) discusses types of Internet access connections in
greater detail. The report is available at www.fcc.gov/wcb/iatd/comp.html.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 8

Switched access lines.

ILECs as a group predominantly deliver retail switched access lines over
copper local loops. This appears also to be the case for those non-ILECs who report retail switched
access lines. See Figure 7.

Figure 7

Technology of Retail Switched Access Lines

as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)

Technology

ILEC
Non-ILEC
Total
FTTP 5,079
2,079
7,158
Coaxial Cable
159
1,901
2,060
Terrestrial Fixed Wireless
2
50
52
Copper Local Loop
84,087
18,883
102,970
Total 89,327
22,913
112,240
Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


ILEC

Copper Local Loop

94.1%

Coaxial Cable

0.2%

FTTP

5.7%


Non-ILEC

Terrestrial Fixed

Wireless

Copper Local Loop

0.2%
82.4%

Coaxial Cable

8.3%

FTTP

9.1%


Wholesale relationships for switched access lines.
ILECs typically own the communications facilities
over which they provide retail services. By contrast, CLECs use a range of methods: equipping ILEC
UNE loops (“UNE-L”) as CLEC switched access lines,6 reselling services (for example, reselling ILEC

6 CLECs (as opposed to non-ILECs more generally) have certain regulatory rights to obtain ILEC local loops at
cost-based UNE rates, which the CLEC may use to provide retail switched access lines or retail broadband Internet
access connections. See C.F.R. § 51.307.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 9

switched access lines obtained at wholesale rates or reselling ILEC lines obtained under commercial
agreements that replaced the UNE-Platform (“UNE-P”)), equipping leased ILEC special access circuits as
switched access lines, and equipping local loops that the CLEC owns.

• CLECs reported using several methods to provide their nearly 23 million retail switched access
lines in June 2011. They reported providing 38% of lines (or 8.6 million lines) by reselling ILEC
wholesale or retail services. They reported providing 31% of lines (or 7.0 million lines) over
ILEC facilities leased at regulated, cost-based rates (that is, as unbundled network elements, or
UNEs). And they provided the remaining 32% of lines (or 7.2 million lines) over local loops that
they owned. However, the information about wholesale relationships differs as reported by
CLECs and by ILECs, as discussed in Figure 8.

Figure 8

Wholesale Relationships as Reported Respectively by CLECs and ILECs

as of June 30, 2011 (In Thousands)

CLEC ILEC

Difference

Retail Switched

Wholesale Switched

Access Lines

Access Lines and


provisioned over

UNEs provided to


ILEC Services

CLECs

(reported by CLECs)
(reported by ILECs)

Resold ILEC services1

8,636 4,578 4,058

UNE-P2

1,049 4
1,045

UNE-L3

5,979 3,081 2,899

Total ILEC UNEs
7,028
3,085
3,943
Total ILEC services
15,664
7,662
8,002




Figures may not add to totals due to rounding.


1 Resold ILEC services include switched access lines made available to CLECs at wholesale rates, resold Centrex,
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), or other ILEC services, ILEC special access circuits channelized to
provide CLEC retail switched access lines, and ILEC switched access lines provided to CLECs under commercial
agreements that replaced UNE-P. (See note 2, below.) Filers are instructed to count the number of voice-grade
channels the retail customer purchased, not the theoretical capacity of the circuit over which the service was delivered.
ILECs generally do not know (and do not report) which ILEC leased special access circuits or other high-capacity
circuits are being used to provide CLEC retail switched access lines (which the CLECs do report).
2 UNE-P was the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE. The Commission directed
CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by UNE-P to an alternative arrangement within 12 months of the
effective data of the Triennial Review Remand Order, that is, by March 11, 2006. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).
3 ILECs report the number of UNE-L they provide to CLECs but do not convert any high-capacity UNE-L, such as
DS1 UNE loops, into voice-grade equivalents. By contrast, CLECs report the number of switched access lines their
retail customers purchase which the CLEC provisioned over UNE-L obtained from ILECs. Note, however, that a
CLEC might use UNE-L only to provide broadband Internet access connections.





U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 10

Remainder of the report.

The remainder of the report consists of tables and charts that update and
expand data presented in earlier reports in this series. We present national data first, followed by state-
specific data and, finally, summary statistics of service-provider presence in individual ZIP Codes.7

* * * *
We invite users of this information to provide suggestions for improved analysis of data presented in this
report by using the attached customer response form or by sending comments to IATDreports@fcc.gov
for subject: June 2011 local telephone data. We encourage users of this information to provide
suggestions for improved data collection by participating in any formal proceedings undertaken by the
Commission to solicit comments for improvement of FCC Form 477.

7 The appropriate interpretation of the ZIP Code-based information is discussed in the Technical Notes at the end of
the report.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 11

Table 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions1

(In Thousands)

Provided by

Date

Total

Non-ILEC Share

ILEC

Non-ILEC

Jun 2006
142,293
29,896
172,189
17.4
Dec 2006
138,834
28,626
167,460
17.1
Jun 2007
134,640
28,729
163,369
17.6
Dec 2007
129,693
28,725
158,418
18.1
Jun 2008
124,606
30,049
154,655
19.4
Dec 2008
118,496
44,267
162,763
27.2
Jun 2009
112,748
44,275
157,023
28.2
Dec 2009
107,019
45,854
152,873
30.0
Jun 2010
102,395
48,481
150,876
32.1
Dec 2010
97,518
51,054
148,572
34.4
Jun 2011
92,958
52,917
145,875
36.3
1 Mandatory reporting by interconnected VoIP service providers started in December 2008. Previously, individual ILECs and CLECs included
VoIP subscribers in reported switched access lines to a varying and largely unknown degree. Interconnected VoIP is distinguished from VoIP
service more generally by permitting users to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the
public switched telephone network. See 47 C.F.R. § 9.3. Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions
as the maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user’s location under the purchased service plan.

Chart 1

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

(In Millions)

180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jun 2006
Dec 2006
Jun 2007
Dec 2007
Jun 2008
Dec 2008
Jun 2009
Dec 2009
Jun 2010
Dec 2010
Jun 2011
Non-ILEC
29.9
28.6
28.7
28.7
30.0
44.3
44.3
45.9
48.5
51.1
52.9
ILEC
142.3
138.8
134.6
129.7
124.6
118.5
112.7
107.0
102.4
97.5
93.0

ILEC

Non-ILEC

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 12

Table 2

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type1

(In Thousands)

Reporting ILECs

Reporting Non-ILECs

Date

Business

Residential %

Residential

Business

% Residential

Residential

Jun 2006
92,453
49,840
65.0
12,474
17,422
41.7
Dec 2006
89,167
49,667
64.2
12,211
16,415
42.7
Jun 2007
85,633
49,007
63.6
12,117
16,612
42.2
Dec 2007
81,798
47,894
63.1
12,051
16,675
42.0
Jun 2008
77,457
47,149
62.2
12,396
17,654
41.3
Dec 2008
72,786
45,711
61.4
25,049
19,218
56.6
Jun 2009
68,582
44,166
60.8
24,768
19,507
55.9
Dec 2009
64,613
42,405
60.4
26,791
19,064
58.4
Jun 2010
61,579
40,816
60.1
27,899
20,582
57.5
Dec 2010
58,211
39,307
59.7
28,877
22,178
56.6
Jun 2011
55,064
37,894
59.2
29,291
23,626
55.4
1 The December 2008 data are the first for which comprehensive reporting of interconnected VoIP subscribers was required. See
footnote 1, Table 1.

Chart 2

Percent of Total Lines and VoIP Subscriptions that Serve Residential Customers1

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Jun 2006
Dec 2006
Jun 2007
Dec 2007
Jun 2008
Dec 2008
Jun 2009
Dec 2009
Jun 2010
Dec 2010
Jun 2011
ILECs
65.0%
64.2%
63.6%
63.1%
62.2%
61.4%
60.8%
60.4%
60.1%
59.7%
59.2%
Non-ILECs
41.7%
42.7%
42.2%
42.0%
41.3%
56.6%
55.9%
58.4%
57.5%
56.6%
55.4%

ILECs

Non-ILECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 13

Table 3

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by Customer Type
(In Thousands)

End-User Switched Access Lines

VoIP Subscriptions

Total

Date

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Residential

Business

Total

Dec 2008
78,180
62,839
141,019
19,655
2,090
21,744
97,835
64,929
162,763
Jun 2009
73,093
60,000
133,093
20,257
3,673
23,929
93,350
63,673
157,023
Dec 2009
68,614
58,335
126,949
22,790
3,134
25,924
91,404
61,469
152,873
Jun 2010
64,463
57,711
122,174
25,015
3,687
28,702
89,478
61,398
150,876
Dec 2010
60,027
56,871
116,898
27,061
4,614
31,674
87,088
61,485
148,572
Jun 2011
55,739
56,501
112,240
28,616
5,019
33,635
84,355
61,520
145,875
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Chart 3

VoIP Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Dec 2008
Jun 2009
Dec 2009
Jun 2010
Dec 2010
Jun 2011
Residential
20.1%
21.7%
24.9%
28.0%
31.1%
33.9%
Business
3.2%
5.8%
5.1%
6.0%
7.5%
8.2%
Total
13.4%
15.2%
17.0%
19.0%
21.3%
23.1%
Residential
Business
Total
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 14

Table 4

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions Reported by Non-ILECs1

(Lines and Subscriptions in Thousands)

End-User Switched Access

Lines

End-User

Percent

Acquired from

Reporting

Switched

other LECs

CLEC-

Date

Non-

Access Lines

VoIP

owned

CLEC-

ILECs

and VoIP

Resold

Resold

local

ILEC

ILEC

owned

Subscriptions

LEC

LEC

VoIP

loops 3

UNEs 2

UNEs

local
service
service
loops
Jun 2006
400
29,896
6,548
12,547
10,802
-
21.9
42.0
36.1
-
Dec 2006
397
28,626
5,819
11,663
11,144
-
20.3
40.7
38.9
-
Jun 2007
406
28,729
6,193
11,511
11,025
-
21.6
40.1
38.4
-
Dec 2007
443
28,725
6,430
10,582
11,713
-
22.4
36.8
40.8
-
Jun 2008
469
30,049
6,073
10,884
13,093
-
20.2
36.2
43.6
-
Dec 2008
705
44,267
7,083
9,612
6,359
21,216
16.0
21.7
14.4 47.9
Jun 2009
719
44,275
6,841
8,461
6,002
22,971
15.5
19.1
13.6 51.9
Dec 2009
754
45,854
7,100
8,029
5,993
24,730
15.5
17.5
13.1 53.9
Jun 2010
786
48,481
8,002
7,509
6,229
26,740
16.5
15.5
12.8 55.2
Dec 2010
804
51,054
7,983
6,959
7,293
28,817
15.6
13.6
14.3 56.4
Jun 2011
830
52,917
8,636
7,028
7,248
30,004
16.3
13.3
13.7 56.7
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Includes unbundled network element (UNE) loops leased from an unaffiliated ILEC on a stand-alone basis and also UNE loops leased
in combination with UNE switching or any other unbundled network element.
3 Lines provided over CLEC-owned "last-mile" facilities.

Chart 4

Non-ILEC End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions as of June 30, 2011

Resold LEC service

16.3%

ILEC UNEs

13.3%

VoIP

56.7%

CLEC-owned local

loops
13.7%
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 15

Table 5

ILEC End-User (Retail) and Wholesale Switched Access Lines, VoIP Subscriptions, and UNEs1
(Lines, Subscriptions, and UNEs in Thousands)

Switched Access Lines and UNEs Provided to CLECs

End-User

ILEC

Reporting

UNEs

Total

Switched

Date

Total

% of

VoIP

Resold

UNEs &

ILECs2

Access

With

Total

Total

Lines3

Without

Lines

Resold

Lines

Switching Switching4

UNEs

Lines

Lines

Jun 2006
805
156,872
142,293
-
1,723
4,413
8,443
12,856
14,579
9.3
Dec 2006
814
151,958
138,834
-
1,613
4,408
7,103
11,511
13,124
8.6
Jun 2007
816
146,672
134,640
-
1,517
4,285
6,230
10,515
12,032
8.2
Dec 2007
805
140,808
129,693
-
1,460
4,122
5,534
9,655
11,115
7.9
Jun 2008
800
134,846
124,606
-
1,473
3,827
4,941
8,768
10,241
7.6
Dec 2008
777
128,288
117,968
529
3,209
3,844
2,740
6,583
9,792
7.6
Jun 2009
778
121,884
111,790
958
3,012
3,580
2,543
6,123
9,136
7.5
Dec 2009
768
116,075
105,824
1,195
2,993
3,668
2,396
6,063
9,056
7.8
Jun 2010
765
110,804
100,433
1,962
5,028
3,254
127
3,381
8,408
7.6
Dec 2010
761
105,412
94,661
2,857
4,717
3,124
53
3,177
7,894
7.5
Jun 2011
756
100,620
89,327
3,631
4,578
3,081
4
3,085
7,662
7.6
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Fewer ILECs were counted after mid-year 2007 primarily because FCC staff identified additional common-control relationships.
3 Sum of ILEC-reported end-user (retail) switched access lines, ILEC interconnected VoIP subscriptions, and ILEC wholesale switched
access lines and UNEs provided to CLECs.
4 ILEC loops provided with ILEC switching, including the combination of ILEC loop UNE, switching UNE, and transport UNE,
collectively referred to as the UNE-Platform ("UNE-P"). In the Triennial Review Remand Order, which was adopted on December 15,
2004, the Commission directed CLECs to migrate their retail customers served by these methods to alternative arrangements by March 11,
2006, i.e., within 12 months of the date the order went into effect. See C.F.R. § 51.319(d)(2)(ii).

Chart 5

ILEC Total (Retail and Wholesale) Lines and the Percent Provided to CLECs for Resale

180,000
14.0%
160,000
12.0%
140,000
10.0%
120,000
100,000
8.0%
80,000
6.0%
60,000
4.0%
40,000
2.0%
20,000
0
0.0%

Jun 2006 Dec 2006 Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010 Jun 2011

ILEC Total Lines

Percent Provided to CLECs

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 16

Table 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers1
(In Thousands)

Percent Coaxial

Date

Coaxial Cable2

Other Technology

Total

Cable

Jun 2006
6,070
23,826
29,896
20.3
Dec 2006
6,751
21,875
28,626
23.6
Jun 2007
7,730
21,000
28,729
26.9
Dec 2007
8,385
20,340
28,725
29.2
Jun 2008
9,352
20,697
30,049
31.1
Dec 2008
20,108
24,158
44,267
45.4
Jun 2009
21,547
22,728
44,275
48.7
Dec 2009
23,168
22,686
45,854
50.5
Jun 2010
24,336
24,145
48,481
50.2
Dec 2010
25,878
25,177
51,054
50.7
Jun 2011
26,645
26,272
52,917
50.4
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 Reported end-user switched access lines and interconnected VoIP connections that terminate on coaxial cable at the end user's
premises. Starting, systematically, with the December 2008 data, interconnected VoIP service providers report subscriptions they sold
in a bundle with cable modem Internet access service. For December 2008 and later dates, FCC staff used other Form 477 data to
estimate the number of standalone VoIP subscriptions that terminated on coaxial cable at the end user's premises.

Chart 6

End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

by Type of Technology for Non-ILEC Providers
(In Thousands)
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0

Jun 2006

Dec 2006

Jun 2007

Dec 2007

Jun 2008

Dec 2008

Jun 2009

Dec 2009

Jun 2010

Dec 2010

Jun 2011

Coaxial Cable

Other Technology

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 17

Table 7

Percentage of Switched Access Lines Presubscribed for Long Distance Service

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Jun 2007
65
86
68
Dec 2007
65
87
68
Jun 2008
66
88
69
Dec 2008
68
80
69
Jun 2009
69
80
70
Dec 2009
70
76
71
Jun 2010
70
76
71
Dec 2010
69
77
69
Jun 2011
69
78
70

Business

Jun 2007
48
72
54
Dec 2007
49
70
54
Jun 2008
49
72
55
Dec 2008
44
70
51
Jun 2009
43
72
51
Dec 2009
43
71
51
Jun 2010
44
73
53
Dec 2010
50
76
58
Jun 2011
52
80
62

Total

Jun 2007
59
78
62
Dec 2007
59
77
63
Jun 2008
59
79
63
Dec 2008
59
73
61
Jun 2009
59
74
61
Dec 2009
60
72
62
Jun 2010
60
74
62
Dec 2010
61
76
64
Jun 2011
62
80
66

Chart 7

Percent Presubscribed Interstate Long Distance Lines for ILECs

80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%

Jun 2007 Dec 2007 Jun 2008 Dec 2008 Jun 2009 Dec 2009 Jun 2010 Dec 2010 Jun 2011

Residential

Business

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 18

Table 8

Residential and Business Presubscribed Switched Access Lines

(In Thousands)

June 30, 2011

ILEC

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
35,984
3,024
39,008
Not Presubscribed
15,863
868
16,731
All Lines
51,847
3,892
55,739
Percent Presubscribed
69%
78%
70%

Business

Presubscribed
19,620
15,210
34,830
Not Presubscribed
17,861
3,811
21,671
All Lines
37,480
19,021
56,501
Percent Presubscribed
52%
80%
62%

Total

Presubscribed
55,604
18,234
73,838
Not Presubscribed
33,723
4,679
38,402
All Lines
89,327
22,913
112,240
Percent Presubscribed
62%
80%
66%

December 31, 2010

ILEC Total

CLEC

Total

Residential

Presubscribed
38,223
3,309
41,532
Not Presubscribed
17,488
1,007
18,495
All Lines
55,710
4,316
60,027
Percent Presubscribed
69%
77%
69%

Business

Presubscribed
19,619
13,607
33,226
Not Presubscribed
19,331
4,313
23,644
All Lines
38,950
17,920
56,871
Percent Presubscribed
50%
76%
58%

Total

Presubscribed
57,842
16,916
74,758
Not Presubscribed
36,819
5,320
42,140
All Lines
94,661
22,237
116,898
Percent Presubscribed
61%
76%
64%
Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 19

Table 9

Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of June 30, 2011

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Switched

Total

Access

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Stand-

Total

Access

Total

Stand-

Lines

with
with
alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
1,354
0
32
1,386
329
74
222
625
2,011
31
Alaska
257
0
0
257
*
1
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
9
0
0
9
0
0
0
0
9
0
Arizona
1,407
2
1
1,409
678
102
419
1,198
2,608
46
Arkansas
802
0
25
827
118
22
117
257
1,085
24
California
12,244
1
542
12,786
2,308
562
2,623
5,492
18,279
30
Colorado
1,409
0
0
1,409
373
95
473
942
2,351
40
Connecticut
1,127
#
87
1,214
208
62
512
782
1,996
39
Delaware
285
#
22
307
64
*
*
177
484
37
District of Columbia
637
#
7
644
236
18
74
329
974
34
Florida
5,218
#
290
5,508
1,409
471
1,808
3,688
9,196
40
Georgia
2,677
#
102
2,779
670
175
570
1,415
4,193
34
Guam
45
0
0
45
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
430
#
1
431
44
5
88
137
568
24
Idaho
433
#
#
433
75
11
63
148
581
26
Illinois
3,856
0
222
4,078
709
260
924
1,894
5,972
32
Indiana
1,422
#
87
1,509
240
87
390
717
2,225
32
Iowa
916
#
#
917
185
133
42
360
1,277
28
Kansas
709
#
29
737
223
31
186
440
1,178
37
Kentucky
1,226
#
12
1,238
232
32
327
590
1,828
32
Louisiana
1,286
0
33
1,318
321
54
279
653
1,972
33
Maine
428
0
0
428
135
13
137
285
713
40
Maryland
2,034
#
159
2,193
443
114
417
975
3,168
31
Massachusetts
1,870
#
122
1,991
1,156
150
889
2,195
4,186
52
Michigan
2,444
0
175
2,619
456
192
929
1,577
4,195
38
Minnesota
1,537
0
#
1,537
497
89
367
954
2,491
38
Mississippi
771
0
12
783
116
27
98
241
1,024
24
Missouri
1,863
0
98
1,961
251
76
278
604
2,566
24
Montana
318
0
#
318
44
9
74
127
445
28
Nebraska
489
0
#
489
228
19
101
348
837
42
Nevada
709
0
11
720
133
60
277
470
1,189
40
New Hampshire
326
0
0
326
136
39
224
399
725
55
New Jersey
2,593
#
213
2,807
1,146
172
1,403
2,721
5,528
49
New Mexico
595
0
0
595
68
18
85
171
765
22
New York
5,009
#
249
5,258
1,944
224
3,045
5,212
10,470
50
North Carolina
2,739
#
39
2,779
680
115
777
1,572
4,350
36
North Dakota
210
0
0
210
82
2
40
125
335
37
Northern Mariana Isl.
15
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
15
0
Ohio
3,226
#
116
3,342
538
93
933
1,563
4,905
32
Oklahoma
956
0
26
981
303
48
268
619
1,601
39
Oregon
949
0
0
949
250
57
339
646
1,595
41
Pennsylvania
4,052
#
165
4,217
1,433
240
1,047
2,719
6,936
39
Puerto Rico
689
0
0
689
*
*
105
228
918
25
Rhode Island
233
#
22
255
282
*
*
383
638
60
South Carolina
1,295
0
34
1,330
292
58
273
623
1,952
32
South Dakota
212
0
#
212
136
5
58
199
411
48
Tennessee
1,721
0
53
1,774
507
85
442
1,034
2,808
37
Texas
6,599
#
447
7,046
1,108
273
1,166
2,547
9,593
27
Utah
586
0
0
586
171
34
167
372
959
39
Vermont
245
0
0
245
56
*
*
130
375
35
Virgin Islands
56
0
0
56
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
2,579
#
125
2,705
836
154
531
1,522
4,227
36
Washington
1,722
0
0
1,722
389
119
717
1,224
2,946
42
West Virginia
603
#
#
603
113
16
141
270
873
31
Wisconsin
1,738
0
69
1,807
305
65
424
794
2,601
31
Wyoming
168
0
#
168
16
6
46
68
236
29
Nationwide
89,327
4
3,627
92,958
22,913
4,846
25,158
52,917
145,875
36
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 20

Table 10

Residential End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of June 30, 2011

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

with
with

Lines

alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
870
0
30
900
98
68
189
354
1,255
28
Alaska
126
0
0
126
*
1
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
5
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5
0
Arizona
831
0
0
831
343
80
307
730
1,562
47
Arkansas
495
0
24
519
21
18
93
132
651
20
California
6,623
1
457
7,080
499
452
2,031
2,982
10,062
30
Colorado
867
0
0
867
15
80
381
475
1,342
35
Connecticut
620
#
81
702
46
52
456
555
1,257
44
Delaware
158
#
21
179
5
*
*
111
290
38
District of Columbia
119
#
3
122
12
12
35
59
181
33
Florida
3,103
#
261
3,363
65
401
1,567
2,032
5,396
38
Georgia
1,531
#
86
1,618
91
154
475
719
2,337
31
Guam
24
0
0
24
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
234
0
0
234
0
5
77
82
316
26
Idaho
270
#
0
270
22
8
50
80
350
23
Illinois
1,980
0
196
2,176
78
233
778
1,089
3,265
33
Indiana
819
0
82
901
66
78
346
490
1,390
35
Iowa
598
0
#
598
73
124
10
208
806
26
Kansas
402
#
26
428
94
24
141
259
687
38
Kentucky
766
#
10
775
76
23
223
321
1,097
29
Louisiana
758
0
29
787
134
47
227
407
1,194
34
Maine
310
0
0
310
11
11
126
148
458
32
Maryland
1,066
#
148
1,214
66
97
353
515
1,730
30
Massachusetts
991
#
111
1,102
57
131
830
1,017
2,119
48
Michigan
1,312
0
154
1,466
111
176
878
1,166
2,631
44
Minnesota
1,051
0
#
1,051
91
82
300
473
1,524
31
Mississippi
465
0
10
475
32
24
91
147
623
24
Missouri
1,160
0
92
1,251
32
67
221
320
1,571
20
Montana
203
0
#
203
14
7
56
77
280
28
Nebraska
277
0
0
277
105
15
70
189
467
41
Nevada
406
0
10
416
3
49
231
284
700
41
New Hampshire
214
0
0
214
4
35
208
247
461
54
New Jersey
1,386
#
192
1,579
76
149
1,207
1,431
3,010
48
New Mexico
388
0
0
388
8
15
62
85
473
18
New York
2,776
#
217
2,994
215
169
2,564
2,948
5,942
50
North Carolina
1,692
#
36
1,727
48
99
703
850
2,578
33
North Dakota
141
0
0
141
45
2
8
54
195
28
Northern Mariana Isl.
7
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
7
0
Ohio
1,962
#
101
2,063
83
71
840
993
3,056
33
Oklahoma
578
0
24
602
163
36
211
410
1,012
40
Oregon
635
0
0
635
20
49
300
368
1,003
37
Pennsylvania
2,616
#
151
2,767
132
207
954
1,293
4,060
32
Puerto Rico
503
0
0
503
*
*
89
100
603
17
Rhode Island
142
#
22
163
93
*
*
170
334
51
South Carolina
836
0
28
864
61
44
231
336
1,200
28
South Dakota
133
0
#
133
82
4
54
140
273
51
Tennessee
1,094
0
46
1,140
70
76
366
512
1,652
31
Texas
3,674
#
395
4,069
125
217
1,004
1,346
5,415
25
Utah
356
0
0
356
18
28
140
186
542
34
Vermont
172
0
0
172
5
*
*
74
247
30
Virgin Islands
34
0
0
34
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
1,472
#
109
1,581
187
127
388
701
2,282
31
Washington
1,107
0
0
1,107
41
105
650
796
1,904
42
West Virginia
410
#
#
410
11
14
133
157
567
28
Wisconsin
996
0
62
1,058
60
57
404
521
1,580
33
Wyoming
84
0
#
85
3
6
37
46
130
35
Nationwide
51,847
2
3,215
55,064
3,892
4,089
21,310
29,291
84,355
35
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 21

Table 11

Business End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State as of June 30, 2011

(In Thousands)

ILECs

Non-ILECs

VoIP purchased as

VoIP purchased as

Switched

Switched

Non-ILEC

State

Total

Bundled

Bundled

% of Total

Access

Stand-

Total

Access

Stand-

Total

with
with

Lines

alone

Lines

alone

Internet

Internet

Alabama
484
0
2
486
232
6
34
271
757
36%
Alaska
130
0
0
130
*
#
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
5
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
5


0
Arizona
575
2
1
578
335
21
112
468
1,046
45
Arkansas
307
0
1
308
97
4
24
125
433
29
California
5,621
0
86
5,706
1,808
110
592
2,510
8,217
31
Colorado
542
0
0
542
359
16
92
467
1,009
46
Connecticut
507
0
6
512
161
9
56
227
739
31
Delaware
127
0
1
128
58
*
*
66
194
34
District of Columbia
519
0
4
522
224
7
39
270
793
34
Florida
2,115
0
29
2,144
1,344
70
241
1,656
3,800
44
Georgia
1,146
0
15
1,161
579
21
95
696
1,857
37
Guam
21
0
0
21
*
0
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
196
#
1
197
44
#
10
55
252
22
Idaho
163
#
#
163
53
2
13
69
231
30
Illinois
1,876
0
26
1,902
631
28
146
805
2,707
30
Indiana
603
#
5
608
174
9
44
227
835
27
Iowa
318
#
#
318
112
9
32
152
471
32
Kansas
307
0
3
309
129
7
45
181
490
37
Kentucky
461
#
2
463
156
9
104
269
732
37
Louisiana
528
0
3
531
187
8
52
247
778
32
Maine
117
0
0
117
124
2
10
137
254
54
Maryland
969
0
10
979
378
17
64
459
1,438
32
Massachusetts
879
0
11
890
1,099
19
59
1,177
2,067
57
Michigan
1,132
0
20
1,153
345
16
50
411
1,564
26
Minnesota
486
0
0
486
406
7
67
481
967
50
Mississippi
306
0
2
307
84
3
7
94
401
23
Missouri
703
0
7
710
219
9
57
285
995
29
Montana
116
0
0
116
30
2
17
50
165
30
Nebraska
212
0
#
212
123
4
31
158
370
43
Nevada
303
0
1
304
130
11
46
186
490
38
New Hampshire
112
0
0
112
132
5
16
152
264
58
New Jersey
1,207
0
21
1,228
1,070
23
197
1,290
2,518
51
New Mexico
207
0
0
207
60
3
23
85
293
29
New York
2,233
0
32
2,265
1,728
55
481
2,264
4,529
50
North Carolina
1,047
0
4
1,051
632
16
74
722
1,773
41
North Dakota
69
0
0
69
37
#
32
70
139
50
Northern Mariana Isl.
8
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
8


0
Ohio
1,265
0
15
1,279
455
22
92
570
1,849
31
Oklahoma
378
0
1
379
140
12
57
210
589
36
Oregon
314
0
0
314
230
8
40
278
592
47
Pennsylvania
1,436
0
14
1,450
1,300
34
93
1,427
2,876
50
Puerto Rico
186
0
0
186
*
*
16
129
315
41
Rhode Island
91
0
#
92
189
*
*
213
304
70
South Carolina
460
0
6
466
231
13
42
286
752
38
South Dakota
79
0
0
79
55
#
4
59
138
43
Tennessee
627
0
7
634
437
9
76
522
1,156
45
Texas
2,925
0
52
2,977
983
56
162
1,201
4,178
29
Utah
230
0
0
230
153
5
28
186
416
45
Vermont
73
0
0
73
51
*
*
56
129
43
Virgin Islands
22
0
0
22
0
*
0
*
*
*
Virginia
1,108
0
16
1,124
649
27
144
821
1,944
42
Washington
615
0
0
615
348
13
67
428
1,042
41
West Virginia
193
0
0
193
102
3
8
112
306
37
Wisconsin
742
0
6
748
245
8
19
273
1,021
27
Wyoming
83
0
0
83
13
1
9
23
106
22
Nationwide
37,480
2
412
37,894
19,021
757
3,848
23,626
61,520
38
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 22

Table 12

Non-ILEC Share of Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Alabama
13 %
14 %
16 %
21 %
21 %
24 %
28 %
29 %
31 %
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
33
34
37
40
40
42
44
46
46
Arkansas
14
14
14
18
19
20
21
22
24
California
14
14
15
22
23
25
27
28
30
Colorado
17
16
19
31
32
34
36
39
40
Connecticut
13
14
15
29
31
33
35
37
39
Delaware
19
17
18
30
31
32
34
35
37
District of Columbia
14
14
15
20
20
21
21
24
34
Florida
13
13
14
27
28
31
36
37
40
Georgia
16
16
17
25
26
27
30
31
34
Guam
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
13
16
18
18
19
21
22
24
24
Idaho
11
11
11
17
17
19
25
28
26
Illinois
14
14
14
24
24
25
27
30
32
Indiana
9
9
11
18
19
20
23
25
32
Iowa
17
18
19
22
22
24
26
27
28
Kansas
25
26
28
31
31
32
34
36
37
Kentucky
16
19
18
25
27
28
28
31
32
Louisiana
17
18
21
23
24
27
29
31
33
Maine
17
20
24
30
33
36
38
39
40
Maryland
15
14
15
25
26
27
29
28
31
Massachusetts
23
24
25
39
40
42
44
49
52
Michigan
18
19
20
29
30
32
34
36
38
Minnesota
24
23
22
31
32
34
36
37
38
Mississippi
10
10
11
16
17
20
23
25
24
Missouri
14
14
15
18
18
20
22
23
24
Montana
16
18
19
21
22
23
24
26
28
Nebraska
29
30
31
34
35
38
39
42
42
Nevada
24
22
26
30
31
33
36
39
40
New Hampshire
23
23
25
42
45
49
51
54
55
New Jersey
17
17
18
34
36
38
40
46
49
New Mexico
8
8
9
14
15
17
19
21
22
New York
28
29
31
41
42
44
46
49
50
North Carolina
18
19
20
24
25
27
30
31
36
North Dakota
21
22
24
32
31
35
36
38
37
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
18
20
23
25
26
28
29
31
32
Oklahoma
23
25
27
30
30
34
35
38
39
Oregon
18
18
18
31
32
34
36
39
41
Pennsylvania
20
20
21
30
30
32
34
36
39
Puerto Rico
*
*
19
22
25
22
26
25
25
Rhode Island
47
48
50
52
53
54
54
58
60
South Carolina
16
17
19
23
24
26
30
32
32
South Dakota
30
31
32
36
36
44
45
47
48
Tennessee
16
17
18
25
25
28
30
32
37
Texas
16
17
18
22
22
23
24
25
27
Utah
22
20
21
26
32
34
35
37
39
Vermont
12
12
13
24
23
27
29
32
35
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
*
0
*
*
*
*
Virginia
22
23
23
31
32
34
35
38
36
Washington
15
14
16
30
32
35
37
40
42
West Virginia
13
14
16
22
24
27
29
30
31
Wisconsin
21
23
24
26
26
27
27
30
31
Wyoming
17
18
19
21
21
22
24
26
29
Nationwide
18 %
18 %
19 %
27 %
28 %
30 %
32 %
34 %
36 %
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not available.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 23

Table 13

Non-ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Alabama
298
315
352
463
452
493
573
574
625
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
1,043
1,071
1,129
1,227
1,170
1,189
1,245
1,254
1,198
Arkansas
178
173
175
220
224
230
248
250
257
California
2,898
2,984
3,101
4,607
4,753
4,845
5,140
5,325
5,492
Colorado
425
395
449
847
823
835
893
942
942
Connecticut
261
265
291
630
644
680
706
751
782
Delaware
99
85
85
166
165
165
173
173
177
District of Columbia
137
131
136
183
179
190
183
210
329
Florida
1,298
1,265
1,276
2,748
2,734
2,903
3,435
3,426
3,688
Georgia
730
725
764
1,174
1,132
1,169
1,314
1,288
1,415
Guam
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
88
103
115
114
117
125
128
138
137
Idaho
78
75
79
123
116
123
159
177
148
Illinois
950
909
875
1,667
1,610
1,630
1,653
1,821
1,894
Indiana
293
284
313
565
562
592
649
692
717
Iowa
251
269
273
309
310
322
344
354
360
Kansas
349
358
375
419
413
408
429
436
440
Kentucky
328
371
331
497
508
521
520
581
590
Louisiana
363
383
449
491
507
539
586
619
653
Maine
135
150
181
233
250
274
282
283
285
Maryland
527
475
479
868
889
909
952
899
975
Massachusetts
865
844
871
1,602
1,589
1,641
1,692
1,964
2,195
Michigan
923
893
927
1,458
1,449
1,499
1,515
1,573
1,577
Minnesota
659
613
572
877
862
904
926
940
954
Mississippi
125
112
122
184
184
214
253
267
241
Missouri
436
448
471
523
518
553
597
609
604
Montana
82
93
96
101
103
104
109
117
127
Nebraska
258
265
274
299
302
332
330
359
348
Nevada
356
307
372
420
410
415
450
475
470
New Hampshire
171
165
167
347
351
376
388
395
399
New Jersey
897
859
866
1,946
1,984
2,001
2,103
2,458
2,721
New Mexico
77
73
75
123
128
138
157
168
171
New York
2,868
2,941
3,125
4,563
4,574
4,705
4,790
5,256
5,212
North Carolina
846
888
953
1,101
1,137
1,199
1,324
1,323
1,572
North Dakota
71
71
76
113
104
123
126
129
125
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
1,069
1,171
1,365
1,473
1,448
1,490
1,547
1,613
1,563
Oklahoma
420
445
474
521
504
570
572
621
619
Oregon
325
308
300
575
562
581
614
629
646
Pennsylvania
1,521
1,407
1,423
2,205
2,157
2,197
2,317
2,472
2,719
Puerto Rico
*
*
186
210
234
170
244
234
228
Rhode Island
291
290
301
317
311
311
308
353
383
South Carolina
349
369
399
478
497
535
621
630
623
South Dakota
117
119
124
140
136
183
188
193
199
Tennessee
483
510
523
756
725
790
859
872
1,034
Texas
1,859
1,944
1,919
2,387
2,352
2,365
2,443
2,517
2,547
Utah
242
212
211
274
340
351
359
368
372
Vermont
47
47
47
90
91
102
110
116
130
Virgin Islands
0
0
0
*
#
*
*
*
*
Virginia
1,048
1,034
1,043
1,443
1,475
1,563
1,585
1,716
1,522
Washington
480
428
471
1,031
1,023
1,092
1,157
1,217
1,224
West Virginia
121
132
141
196
214
235
248
269
270
Wisconsin
684
709
744
770
755
771
728
791
794
Wyoming
46
48
51
54
53
54
58
62
68
Total
28,729
28,725
30,049
44,267
44,275
45,854
48,481
51,054
52,917
# = Rounds to zero. * = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 24

Table 14

ILEC Total End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions by State1

(In Thousands)
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

State

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Alabama
1,982
1,991
1,861
1,746
1,665
1,579
1,506
1,439
1,386
Alaska
318
301
294
289
282
273
271
260
257
American Samoa
11
10
11
10
10
10
10
10
9
Arizona
2,109
2,035
1,943
1,847
1,741
1,649
1,563
1,476
1,409
Arkansas
1,132
1,105
1,069
1,021
982
941
904
865
827
California
18,485
17,864
17,149
16,345
15,555
14,796
14,118
13,455
12,786
Colorado
2,133
2,057
1,973
1,873
1,758
1,656
1,569
1,473
1,409
Connecticut
1,785
1,681
1,632
1,540
1,463
1,389
1,326
1,268
1,214
Delaware
432
414
396
380
363
344
331
317
307
District of Columbia
832
797
788
737
714
697
680
679
644
Florida
8,708
8,356
7,932
7,440
6,918
6,491
6,138
5,798
5,508
Georgia
3,957
3,824
3,675
3,468
3,304
3,156
3,011
2,881
2,779
Guam
67
66
62
54
51
49
48
48
45
Hawaii
562
541
516
512
489
473
455
444
431
Idaho
651
628
609
582
550
514
486
455
433
Illinois
5,976
5,773
5,562
5,342
5,086
4,812
4,581
4,313
4,078
Indiana
2,875
2,766
2,665
2,547
2,434
2,300
2,186
2,064
1,509
Iowa
1,245
1,200
1,162
1,113
1,077
1,024
987
941
917
Kansas
1,046
1,012
977
939
899
858
820
774
737
Kentucky
1,684
1,616
1,542
1,458
1,387
1,352
1,317
1,272
1,238
Louisiana
1,801
1,759
1,710
1,634
1,561
1,489
1,426
1,369
1,318
Maine
649
611
579
542
519
482
463
438
428
Maryland
2,984
2,886
2,792
2,588
2,520
2,403
2,333
2,262
2,193
Massachusetts
2,830
2,712
2,609
2,493
2,369
2,238
2,149
2,065
1,991
Michigan
4,118
3,895
3,719
3,514
3,323
3,113
2,952
2,757
2,619
Minnesota
2,137
2,078
2,006
1,922
1,826
1,725
1,666
1,586
1,537
Mississippi
1,091
1,035
1,018
963
922
879
848
813
783
Missouri
2,722
2,650
2,568
2,465
2,367
2,259
2,162
2,055
1,961
Montana
435
416
406
387
371
351
342
327
318
Nebraska
628
624
606
584
564
543
521
501
489
Nevada
1,158
1,106
1,042
972
911
856
809
759
720
New Hampshire
575
546
507
470
435
385
366
342
326
New Jersey
4,354
4,137
3,936
3,734
3,519
3,288
3,112
2,937
2,807
New Mexico
834
816
783
754
713
682
651
618
595
New York
7,417
7,068
6,902
6,557
6,234
5,900
5,653
5,416
5,258
North Carolina
3,973
3,847
3,715
3,519
3,335
3,189
3,045
2,886
2,779
North Dakota
261
253
248
241
233
224
220
213
210
Northern Mariana Isl.
19
18
18
17
17
16
16
16
15
Ohio
4,973
4,763
4,537
4,326
4,124
3,914
3,719
3,515
3,342
Oklahoma
1,375
1,321
1,267
1,215
1,169
1,117
1,070
1,022
981
Oregon
1,502
1,429
1,359
1,286
1,210
1,140
1,080
1,003
949
Pennsylvania
5,953
5,775
5,494
5,243
5,029
4,771
4,571
4,387
4,217
Puerto Rico
916
809
786
755
698
610
706
707
689
Rhode Island
327
312
302
292
281
270
264
260
255
South Carolina
1,866
1,798
1,728
1,629
1,561
1,488
1,429
1,368
1,330
South Dakota
276
268
261
251
244
233
227
217
212
Tennessee
2,618
2,537
2,436
2,297
2,170
2,061
1,962
1,863
1,774
Texas
9,608
9,329
9,020
8,673
8,307
7,999
7,678
7,360
7,046
Utah
864
844
811
776
725
690
657
614
586
Vermont
355
340
323
289
299
280
265
253
245
Virgin Islands
67
64
62
61
59
57
59
58
56
Virginia
3,642
3,540
3,422
3,265
3,160
3,050
2,944
2,811
2,705
Washington
2,762
2,643
2,509
2,367
2,211
2,071
1,962
1,815
1,722
West Virginia
806
780
752
714
677
637
606
628
603
Wisconsin
2,516
2,422
2,336
2,246
2,156
2,051
1,970
1,874
1,807
Wyoming
233
225
218
209
200
190
183
175
168
Total
134,640
129,693
124,606
118,496
112,748
107,019
102,395
97,518
92,958
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 25

Table 15

Non-ILEC Methods of Providing Wireline Telephone Services by State

as of June 30, 2011
(In Thousands)

CLEC-owned local

State

Resold LEC service

ILEC UNEs

VoIP Subscriptions1

Total

loops
Alabama
107
137
84
296
625
Alaska
*
*
*
*
*
American Samoa
0
0
0
0
0
Arizona
157
103
418
520
1,198
Arkansas
34
18
66
139
257
California
1,235
441
632
3,185
5,492
Colorado
158
166
50
568
942
Connecticut
53
59
96
574
782
Delaware
34
28
2
113
177
District of Columbia
158
30
48
93
329
Florida
612
562
236
2,279
3,688
Georgia
197
344
129
744
1,415
Guam
*
*
*
*
*
Hawaii
25
3
16
93
137
Idaho
20
27
27
74
148
Illinois
306
239
164
1,185
1,894
Indiana
76
70
94
477
717
Iowa
62
38
84
176
360
Kansas
71
35
116
217
440
Kentucky
87
53
92
359
590
Louisiana
127
99
94
333
653
Maine
24
64
47
150
285
Maryland
229
134
81
531
975
Massachusetts
315
215
625
1,039
2,195
Michigan
130
270
57
1,121
1,577
Minnesota
126
249
123
457
954
Mississippi
63
44
9
125
241
Missouri
88
114
49
354
604
Montana
8
10
26
83
127
Nebraska
79
8
142
120
348
Nevada
78
35
21
337
470
New Hampshire
40
63
34
263
399
New Jersey
555
229
360
1,575
2,721
New Mexico
38
12
18
103
171
New York
802
521
620
3,268
5,212
North Carolina
270
275
134
892
1,572
North Dakota
7
15
60
42
125
Northern Mariana Isl.
0
0
0
0
0
Ohio
175
195
167
1,025
1,563
Oklahoma
109
60
135
316
619
Oregon
65
134
50
396
646
Pennsylvania
492
393
549
1,287
2,719
Puerto Rico
13
*
*
*
228
Rhode Island
29
22
231
101
383
South Carolina
104
114
74
330
623
South Dakota
11
1
124
63
199
Tennessee
193
186
128
527
1,034
Texas
449
420
237
1,439
2,547
Utah
53
79
40
201
372
Vermont
14
24
19
74
130
Virgin Islands
*
*
*
*
*
Virginia
334
170
332
686
1,522
Washington
127
179
82
835
1,224
West Virginia
26
68
19
157
270
Wisconsin
55
204
45
489
794
Wyoming
10
3
4
52
68
Total
8,636
7,028
7,248
30,004
52,917
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 26

Table 16

Percentage of End-User Switched Access Lines and VoIP Subscriptions

Provided to Residential Customers by State as of June 30, 2011

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total

Alabama
65%
57%
62%
Alaska
49
*
*
American Samoa
56
NA
56
Arizona
59
61
60
Arkansas
63
51
60
California
55
54
55
Colorado
62
50
57
Connecticut
58
71
63
Delaware
58
63
60
District of Columbia
19
18
19
Florida
61
55
59
Georgia
58
51
56
Guam
53
*
*
Hawaii
54
60
56
Idaho
62
54
60
Illinois
53
57
55
Indiana
60
68
62
Iowa
65
58
63
Kansas
58
59
58
Kentucky
63
54
60
Louisiana
60
62
61
Maine
72
52
64
Maryland
55
53
55
Massachusetts
55
46
51
Michigan
56
74
63
Minnesota
68
50
61
Mississippi
61
61
61
Missouri
64
53
61
Montana
64
61
63
Nebraska
57
54
56
Nevada
58
60
59
New Hampshire
66
62
64
New Jersey
56
53
54
New Mexico
65
50
62
New York
57
57
57
North Carolina
62
54
59
North Dakota
67
43
58
Northern Mariana Isl.
47
NA
47
Ohio
62
64
62
Oklahoma
61
66
63
Oregon
67
57
63
Pennsylvania
66
48
59
Puerto Rico
73
44
66
Rhode Island
64
44
52
South Carolina
65
54
61
South Dakota
63
70
66
Tennessee
64
50
59
Texas
58
53
56
Utah
61
50
57
Vermont
70
57
66
Virgin Islands
61
*
*
Virginia
58
46
54
Washington
64
65
65
West Virginia
68
58
65
Wisconsin
59
66
61
Wyoming
51
68
55
Nationwide
59
55
58
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality. NA = Not applicable.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 27

Table 17

Number of Reporting ILECs, Non-ILECs, and VoIP Providers by State

as of June 30, 2011

State

ILECs

Non-ILECs

Total1

VoIP Providers2

Alabama
20
112
125
83
Alaska
17
16
32
15
American Samoa
1
0
1
0
Arizona
15
111
123
91
Arkansas
20
81
97
61
California
15
164
175
128
Colorado
25
119
142
91
Connecticut
2
92
92
72
Delaware
1
61
62
45
District of Columbia
1
78
79
62
Florida
10
196
201
135
Georgia
27
155
174
115
Guam
1
4
5
3
Hawaii
2
29
31
26
Idaho
18
67
81
52
Illinois
43
161
195
112
Indiana
29
120
140
85
Iowa
134
110
216
56
Kansas
38
98
123
64
Kentucky
17
111
119
75
Louisiana
11
92
97
63
Maine
7
56
60
37
Maryland
2
116
116
85
Massachusetts
4
113
115
87
Michigan
25
117
133
84
Minnesota
48
116
149
74
Mississippi
13
91
98
65
Missouri
31
106
129
78
Montana
17
66
76
49
Nebraska
31
71
93
49
Nevada
12
83
93
72
New Hampshire
6
74
80
58
New Jersey
3
134
134
103
New Mexico
16
73
84
53
New York
25
151
166
114
North Carolina
19
139
149
98
North Dakota
23
49
66
29
Northern Mariana Isl
1
0
1
0
Ohio
34
134
158
99
Oklahoma
38
89
121
61
Oregon
23
101
120
74
Pennsylvania
23
145
159
110
Puerto Rico
1
18
18
17
Rhode Island
1
56
57
43
South Carolina
17
117
123
82
South Dakota
28
52
71
39
Tennessee
18
118
131
84
Texas
51
191
224
129
Utah
12
77
87
61
Vermont
7
57
63
43
Virgin Islands
1
1
2
1
Virginia
15
119
129
95
Washington
16
117
129
93
West Virginia
7
69
73
56
Wisconsin
40
113
139
72
Wyoming
9
60
65
42
Nationwide
756
830
1,377
491
1 Holding companies or common-control entities that report both ILEC and non-ILEC operations in a state are counted once in the ILECs column
and once in the Non-ILECs column and once is Total column for that state. Either type of operations might report interconnected VoIP
subscribers.
2 The providers reporting interconnected VoIP subscribers in a state are a subset of the ILECs and non-ILECs in that state.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 28

Table 18

Mobile Telephone Facilities-based Carriers and Mobile Telephony Subscribers

Jun 2011

Subscribers (In Thousands)

State

%
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

Carriers Resold 1 Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Alabama
12
12 %
3,605
3,765
3,887
3,960
4,003
4,228
4,211
4,328
4,350
Alaska
12
6
432
460
480
383
544
586
590
608
619
American
Samoa
2

*
* * * * * * * * *
Arizona
12
6
4,637
4,800
4,936
4,983
5,005
5,101
5,268
5,285
5,402
Arkansas
11
19
2,149
2,288
2,446
2,530
2,576
2,519
2,485
2,673
2,773
California
14
4
30,204
32,247
31,946
32,177
32,215
32,938
33,548
33,839
34,299
Colorado
13
8
3,756
3,968
4,066
4,311
4,357
4,503
4,647
4,687
4,705
Connecticut
9
7
2,787
2,884
2,959
3,030
3,047
3,123
3,192
3,230
3,305
Delaware
10
8
724
751
775
778
779
803
859
851
881
District of Columbia
9
7
966
936
1,047
1,096
1,116
1,183
1,227
1,249
1,273
Florida
12
7
15,255
15,605
15,809
16,158
16,425
16,744
16,895
17,251
17,613
Georgia
14
9
7,598
7,941
8,142
8,322
8,562
8,863
8,869
9,063
9,137
Guam
4

2
* * * * * * * *
139
Hawaii
8
5
1,067
1,096
1,115
1,184
1,196
1,216
1,248
1,252
1,274
Idaho
16
6
1,019
1,086
1,125
1,167
1,180
1,221
1,269
1,277
1,293
Illinois
16
9
9,949
10,330
10,634
10,919
11,070
11,523
11,604
12,057
12,259
Indiana
13
9
4,448
4,675
4,824
4,956
4,983
5,205
5,289
5,410
5,496
Iowa
72
8
2,058
2,166
2,245
2,319
2,336
2,432
2,466
2,535
2,559
Kansas
16
12
2,133
2,261
2,326
2,421
2,430
2,466
2,491
2,560
2,570
Kentucky
13
11
3,101
3,291
3,343
3,445
3,439
3,631
3,654
3,726
3,754
Louisiana
15
16
3,612
3,765
3,896
4,012
4,053
3,993
3,953
4,340
4,861
Maine
9
18
882
941
972
1,012
1,006
1,065
1,040
1,124
1,090
Maryland
11
7
4,818
5,024
5,124
5,234
5,260
5,323
5,500
5,560
5,665
Massachusetts
9
9
5,289
5,470
5,624
5,749
6,027
6,171
6,367
6,316
6,419
Michigan
12
15
7,333
7,608
7,821
8,027
8,171
8,576
8,690
8,861
9,391
Minnesota
12
9
3,834
4,048
4,164
4,345
4,254
4,439
4,611
4,704
4,782
Mississippi
11
11
2,070
2,196
2,252
2,312
2,361
2,345
2,322
2,440
2,516
Missouri
14
12
4,480
4,674
4,835
4,940
4,985
5,129
5,141
5,309
5,458
Montana
11
8
650
694
723
748
707
802
783
846
803
Nebraska
13
7
1,325
1,387
1,451
1,496
1,508
1,515
1,566
1,523
1,542
Nevada
13
9
2,093
2,167
2,249
2,268
2,325
2,393
2,417
2,453
2,490
New Hampshire
10
11
973
1,022
1,045
1,080
1,075
1,125
1,141
1,170
1,171
New Jersey
10
6
7,419
7,654
7,834
8,008
8,036
8,158
8,624
8,601
8,786
New Mexico
11
5
1,416
1,489
1,555
1,536
1,550
1,624
1,668
1,689
1,662
New York
12
9
15,901
16,395
17,260
16,702
18,193
18,882
19,303
19,504
19,938
North Carolina
14
10
6,962
7,306
7,428
8,024
8,193
8,108
8,259
8,526
8,513
North Dakota
12
7
492
513
541
581
562
618
590
623
615
Northern Mariana Isl.
2
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ohio
13
12
8,723
9,099
9,357
9,565
9,456
10,059
10,236
10,511
10,936
Oklahoma
17
8
2,572
2,723
2,808
2,889
2,988
3,077
3,109
3,188
3,259
Oregon
12
7
2,781
2,923
3,007
3,084
3,112
3,235
3,297
3,340
3,355
Pennsylvania
16
10
9,201
9,615
9,895
10,214
10,455
10,867
11,070
11,424
11,401
Puerto Rico
7
6
2,323
2,411
2,502
2,624
2,706
2,807
2,879
3,014
3,004
Rhode Island
9
7
829
848
874
888
880
893
906
920
935
South Carolina
16
10
3,340
3,500
3,573
3,323
3,374
3,896
3,848
3,960
3,987
South Dakota
10
7
570
596
611
631
613
681
681
728
690
Tennessee
13
9
4,971
5,246
5,791
5,518
5,676
5,914
6,041
6,193
6,236
Texas
24
6
18,792
19,677
20,390
21,008
21,403
21,849
22,201
23,037
23,482
Utah
13
5
1,874
1,971
2,046
2,095
2,109
2,166
2,220
2,251
2,276
Vermont
7
13
375
402
421
435
398
463
431
485
471
Virgin
Islands
4


13
* * * * * * * *
117
Virginia
12
8
6,148
6,416
6,242
6,856
6,596
7,250
7,440
7,595
7,622
Washington
12
7
5,035
5,292
5,461
5,624
5,671
5,816
5,965
6,022
6,118
West Virginia
11
20
1,095
1,173
1,236
1,295
1,315
1,401
1,406
1,500
1,506
Wisconsin
15
11
3,641
3,842
3,966
4,265
4,317
4,546
4,599
4,704
4,895
Wyoming
13
8
410
441
457
484
429
517
501
526
514
Nationwide
185
9 %
238,316
249,332
255,729
261,284
265,332
274,283
278,918
285,125
290,304
* = Data withheld to maintain firm confidentiality.
1 Percentage of mobile telephony subscribers purchasing their service subscriptions from a mobile wireless reseller.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 29

Table 19

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

Number of

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Zero
17.7 %
19.4 %
18.3 %
7.7 %
8.7 %
9.3 %
7.1 %
6.9 %
7.2 %
One
11.1
11.7
11.6
9.2
10.1
10.1
8.7
8.6
8.7
Two
8.3
8.3
8.6
7.8
7.9
7.6
7.4
7.6
7.6
Three
6.7
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
Four
5.4
5.0
5.0
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.5
5.5
Five
4.4
3.9
4.1
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.7
5.0
5.1
Six
3.8
3.5
3.5
4.2
4.0
3.8
4.2
4.2
4.3
Seven
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
4.0
Eight
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.4
3.5
3.4
Nine
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.0
3.0
Ten or More
33.5
33.1
33.6
44.7
44.0
44.0
46.6
45.7
44.8

Table 20

Percentage of Households in ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers1

2007
2008

Number of

2009
2010
2011

Providers2

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Dec

Jun

Zero
2.4 %
2.8 %
2.6 %
0.4 %
0.5 %
0.6 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
0.4 %
One
2.4
2.6
2.4
0.9
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.8
0.8
Two
2.2
2.4
2.4
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.1
1.1
Three
2.3
2.5
2.4
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
Four
2.4
2.2
2.2
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.3
Five
2.5
2.2
2.2
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.5
Six
2.3
2.2
2.1
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.4
Seven
2.4
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.7
Eight
2.4
2.8
2.8
1.7
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.8
1.6
Nine
2.8
2.8
2.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
Ten or More
75.8
75.0
75.9
86.6
86.2
86.1
87.9
87.4
87.6
Demographic data were created by geographically merging contemporaneous TomTom ZIP Code Boundary and Inventory Files with
census block group-level population data from Census. Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding.
1 See footnote 1, Table 1.
2 A holding company or common-control entity that reports both CLEC end-user switched access lines and interconnected
VoIP subscribers in a state reports a single list of ZIP Codes in which it has any such customers and is counted once in
each listed ZIP Code.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 30

Table 21

Percentage of ZIP Codes with CLECs or Non-ILEC VoIP Providers by State

as of June 30, 2011

Number of Providers

State

One -

Ten or

Zero

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Three

More

Alabama
3 %
15 %
5 %
5 %
4 %
4 %
3 %
3 %
58 %
Alaska
65
24
5
1
3
1
0
0
0
Arizona
7
14
3
4
3
3
4
3
60
Arkansas
15
43
7
6
5
2
3
2
16
California
1
12
3
4
4
3
3
2
68
Colorado
10
24
4
3
3
3
2
2
49
Connecticut
0
6
5
6
9
7
5

6
57
Delaware
0
2
3
2
5
7
2

3
76
District of Columbia
0
11
11
0
0
0
0

0
79
Florida
0
3
2
2
2
3
2

2
85
Georgia
3
17
5
5
5
4
3

3
56
Hawaii
3
24
8
7
8
7
6

3
34
Idaho
10
40
7
5
8
2
2

2
23
Illinois
5
26
8
8
4
4
3

3
39
Indiana
3
20
9
8
5
8
4

2
41
Iowa
25
41
8
5
3
2
2

1
13
Kansas
15
40
6
5
5
3
3

2
21
Kentucky
9
30
7
8
6
6
4

4
26
Louisiana
4
17
4
5
5
3
5

3
52
Maine
6
26
8
8
6
8
9

5
23
Maryland
0
4
4
4
6
4
5

3
71
Massachusetts
0
4
2
2
2
2
3

4
81
Michigan
1
12
5
5
6
6
5

5
56
Minnesota
12
39
5
5
3
3
3

1
29
Mississippi
1
11
4
4
7
4
4

5
61
Missouri
17
36
6
4
4
3
3

1
26
Montana
39
37
3
1
3
2
2

1
11
Nebraska
18
51
7
3
3
2
1

1
13
Nevada
8
18
4
5
5
3
1

3
52
New Hampshire
0
4
5
10
7
10
8

7
48
New Jersey
0
0
1
1
1
3
2

2
91
New Mexico
16
36
10
4
6
2
2

1
23
New York
1
12
5
5
4
4
5

5
58
North Carolina
1
12
5
6
4
5
5

4
58
North Dakota
29
60
2
1
1
1
0

1
5
Ohio
1
8
5
7
7
7
6

6
54
Oklahoma
12
31
4
3
4
3
3

3
38
Oregon
10
25
8
5
5
5
3

2
38
Pennsylvania
2
19
7
5
5
5
4

4
49
Puerto Rico
0
24
12
14
13
21
9

5
3
Rhode Island
0
8
9
8
1
8
3

7
57
South Carolina
1
12
5
5
3
4
4

3
62
South Dakota
29
53
4
2
1
2
2

1
6
Tennessee
4
18
4
5
4
5
4

4
51
Texas
5
20
4
5
3
2
3

2
56
Utah
11
28
5
4
2
2
2

3
43
Vermont
1
30
15
11
8
7
8
4
16
Virginia
2
28
8
6
5
4
4

3
39
Washington
5
24
4
5
4
2
3

3
49
West Virginia
7
29
10
11
10
5
5

4
20
Wisconsin
8
38
7
6
4
3
3

2
27
Wyoming
15
55
3
6
1
3
0

1
17
Nationwide
7 %
23 %
6 %
5 %
4 %
4 %
3 %
3 %

45 %
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 31

Reporting Non-ILEC Interconnected VoIP Providers and CLECs

by 5-Digit Geographical ZIP Code as of June 30, 2011

Symbology

Number of Reporting Providers

Zero
1 to 3
4 to 6
7 or more
Zero Delivery Areas
A l a s k a
The data in this map represent the number of service providers
reporting they have at least one business or residential voice
customer in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or
interconnected VoIP (excluding ILEC connections).
Sources: FCC Form 477 and TomTom Multinet Post 2011.09.u30.
Prepared by the Federal Communications Commission,
Wireline Competition Bureau, Industry Analysis and Technology Division
P u e r t o R i c o
H a w a i i
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 32


Technical Notes


General

Detailed information about FCC Form 477 reporting requirements is available at www.fcc.gov/form477.

See Glossary for definitions of terms used in this report.

Counting lines and subscribers


• Form 477 counts both switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions as the
maximum number of calls that may be active, simultaneously, from the end user’s location under
the purchased service plan. All VoIP subscriptions discussed in this report are interconnected
VoIP subscriptions.

• Form 477 data may not count all VoIP phone connections to Internet Protocol Private Branch
Exchange (IP PBX) equipment that is owned by business end users because of the variety of
ways the IP PBX may connect to the public switched telephone network.

Holding company-subsidiary relationships

• When counting service providers who have any retail customers in a particular geography (for
example, a state or a ZIP Code), we count a holding company or common-control entity no more
than once in any specified sub-category of total providers.

• Nationwide counts of providers are unique counts for any specified sub-category of total
providers (for example, all non-ILECs or all interconnected VoIP providers); an entity operating
in multiple states is counted only once.

ILEC-CLEC affiliations


• Lines from CLECs who have ILEC affiliates are handled at the state level in one of several ways.
We place the lines into the non-ILEC category if the affiliate is an ILEC other than AT&T or
Verizon. Lines from CLEC affiliates of AT&T and Verizon are allocated between the ILEC and
non-ILEC categories based on staff estimates if the CLEC operates in the AT&T or Verizon
ILEC service area in the state, respectively.

ZIP Code-based information



• Wireline service providers report whether they have at least one residential or business customer
in each ZIP Code, using either switched access or interconnected VoIP. This contrasts with the
census tract-based broadband reporting requirements the Commission adopted in 2008.

U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 33

• The report includes summary statistics of the presence of competitors to the ILEC, or ILECs, in
individual ZIP Codes. These entities are CLECs or interconnected VoIP providers who are not
affiliated with the ILEC, or ILECs, who serve end users in that ZIP Code. However, because
providers may not offer service across an entire ZIP Code and because different providers may
target different customer segments in areas where they provide service, we cannot conclude that
the number of providers identified as delivering wireline service within a ZIP Code represents the
number of options available to any specific customer within that ZIP Code. We further note that
these data on the number of providers in a ZIP Code do not indicate whether a particular provider
is offering service solely over its own last-mile facilities or is using the facilities of another carrier
or entity.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 34

Glossary


Term Definition

Broadband bundle
The purchase, from the same or affiliated retailers, of interconnected
VoIP service and broadband Internet access service, either for a single
price or for separate prices.
Cable modem service
A service which offers customers access to the Internet over a cable
system at broadband speeds.
Circuit switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which a
transmission path is established for dedicated use by a communication;
the basis of the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
CLEC
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier: A new LEC that operates within
the service area of an ILEC.
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line: A digital local loop, typically using copper
facilities, that frequently is used to offer customers access to the Internet
at broadband speeds.
End users
Residential, business, institutional, or government entities that use
services for their own purposes and who do not resell such services to
other entities.
Fixed wireless service
A radio communication service between specified fixed points.
FTTP or FTTH
Fiber to the Premises (Home): A network access architecture in which
optical fiber is deployed all the way to the customer’s premises (home).
Internet access service
Service that provides end users access to the Internet.
ILEC
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier: A company or cooperative that was
providing telephone service in a localized area, typically on a monopoly
basis, prior to enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
Internet protocol or IP
A language and set of formal rules that govern how packets transit the
Internet.
Interconnected VoIP or
A service that enables real-time, two-way voice communications; requires
iVoIP
a broadband connection from the user’s location; requires Internet-
protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and permits users
generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone
network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
LEC
Local Exchange Carrier: A company that provides telephone service
within a localized area and access services that connect its customers to
long-distance (Interexchange Carrier) networks.
Local loop
The physical connection between the customer’s premises and the
telephone company’s local switching office, typically provided using
copper, fiber, or a combination of copper and fiber facilities.
Mobile wireless service
A radio communication service between mobile and fixed stations, or
between mobile stations.
Nomadic interconnected
A service whose terms allow use over any broadband connection
VoIP
available to the subscriber (such as at a hotel or vacation residence); by
contrast, a non-nomadic service subscription must be used over a single
predetermined broadband connection.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 35


Non-ILEC
Any provider of communications services who does not have ILEC
regulatory status.
Other ILEC
An ILEC who is not an RBOC.
Other wireline
All copper-wire based transmission technologies other than DSL
technologies; Ethernet over copper and T-1 are examples.
OTT
Over-the-top: Interconnected VoIP service provided by entities that
neither own nor operate telecommunications facilities.
Packet switching
A method of completing electronic communications in which the
information is disassembled into discrete packets that are transmitted
independently and later reassembled; IP is an example.
PBX
Private Branch Exchange: A telephone switch that is owned or leased by
the telephone company’s customer and generally located on the
customer’s premises.
Retail local telephone
Retail switched access lines and interconnected VoIP subscriptions.
service
Retail switched access lines Switched access lines for which an end user is the customer.
Standalone interconnected
The purchase of interconnected VoIP service without the purchase of
VoIP
broadband Internet access service from the same retailer, or from an
affiliated retailer.
Special access circuit
A dedicated, non-switched circuit (connection or line) provided by an
ILEC, commonly used to connect an end user to another communications
service provider; also frequently used by wireless service providers to
connect cell towers to mobile switching centers (MSCs).
Switched access line
A service connection between an end user and the local telephone
company’s switch; the basis of plain old telephone service (POTS).
Total ILEC lines
The sum of ILEC-reported retail switched access lines, interconnected
VoIP subscriptions, wholesale switched access lines, and UNEs provided
to CLECs.
UNE
Unbundled Network Element: A physical or functional element of an
ILEC network that must be provided to a CLEC at a cost-based price, as
provide for in the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
UNE-L
UNE-Loop: An ILEC unbundled local loop provided to a CLEC at a
cost-base price.
UNE-P
UNE-Platform: The combination of ILEC unbundled local loop,
switching, and transport, provided to a CLEC at cost-based prices.
Wholesale switched access
Local telephone service provided to an unaffiliated telephone company,
lines
which resells the service to end users; typically provided by an ILEC to a
CLEC.
ZIP Code
A five-digit geographical ZIP Code.


U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Local Telephone Competition: Status as of June 30, 2011 36

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