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Genachowski Remarks at Technology Transitions Policy Task Force

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Released: March 18, 2013





MARCH 18, 2013

Welcome to the first workshop of the FCC’s Technology Transitions Policy Task Force.
Thank you all for joining us. Thank you to our panelists and the FCC staff who organized today’s event,
in particular our General Counsel Sean Lev, who is interim Director our the Technology Transitions Task
Force, and Rebekah Goodheart who is serving as the task force’s Deputy Director.
When I arrived at the Commission in 2009, it was clear that this was a time of rapid technological change,
and it has only accelerated. At the start of 2009, only 16% of mobile subscribers had smartphones. Now
it’s over 55%.
Back then, the commercial tablet market didn’t exist. Today, roughly one-third of Americans have a tablet
or e-reader, and some analyst project tablet sales will surpass PC sales as soon as this year. The
percentage of households “cutting the cord” has roughly doubled, and more than a third of U.S.
households are now wireless only.
At the FCC, we’ve been working to make sure our communications policies keep pace with this change.
We developed the country’s first National Broadband Plan, providing a strategic roadmap for the
transition to all-IP networks. As recommended in the plan, we’ve approved landmark reforms of USF,
and overhauled intercarrier compensation. We’ve sped the transition to next-generation 9-1-1. We’ve
ensured that VoIP service remains accessible to individuals with disabilities. Just last week, I circulated
an NPRM proposing that VoIP providers receive direct access to numbers.
The proceeding on direct access to numbers for VoIP was actually a recommendation of our Technical
Advisory Council, or TAC. Led by Tom Wheeler, the TAC had another early recommendation relevant
to today’s session: they said the Commission should, and I quote, “establish a task force to conduct a
thorough policy and regulatory and review as it relates to the PSTN, which results in policies for the new
communication environment.”
Following TAC’s counsel, in December 2012, I announced the formation of an agency-wide Technology
Transitions Task Force to provide recommendations to modernize the Commission’s policies, which build
on our previous work.
At the time, we said this process would be open and data-driven. Consistent with that promise, we are
conducting a series of public workshops, of which this is the first.
Today’s main objective is establishing a factual baseline for understanding three key transitions: the
evolution of network protocols from TDM to IP, the replacement of copper networks with fiber, and the
shift from only wireline service to greater use of wireless service.
We’ve scheduled three panels, comprised of a broad sector of experts from inside and mainly outside the
Beltway – engineers, academics, and CTOs from multiple facets of the industry.
 Panel 1 will examine the technology capabilities of our communications networks today and in
the future, including both wireline (copper, fiber and coax) and wireless.

This diverse panel includes respected academics including Mung Chiang of Princeton and MIT’s
Dina Katabi, as well as some of the vendors – CableLabs, Calix and Alcatel Lucent - that are
developing products to enable more reliable and innovative services.
 Panel 2 will examine the adoption and use of various technologies across different demographics
groups. The panel will be led by former member of the FCC family, Dr. John Horrigan of the
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, who will both moderate the panel and provide a
general overview of the current usage and demographics.
We’ll also have panelists speaking about the unique issues facing different demographic groups,
including the disability community, rural America, the business community, and communities of
 Finally, Panel 3 will examine the timing of the technology for the technology transition of
different networks. The panelists represent multiple facets of the communications industry, with
representatives from Cox, Frontier, Qualcomm, Verizon and XO.
Again, thank you to all the panelists for joining us.
By gathering data about the technologies themselves, the way Americans use these technologies, and the
drivers for network investment and innovation, the Task Force will be able to help the Commission
determine what policies are required in today’s and tomorrow’s communications marketplace.
While technological advances can change markets, they don’t change the FCC’s mission. So as we move
forward with this effort, we’ll be guided by a set of constant, core principles and priorities.
First, competition.
History has shown that competition is our most effective tool for driving innovation and investment, and
that smart government policies are vital for ensuring competitive markets. Indeed, the benefits and
choices brought by the technology transitions exist because of massive private investment, and because of
policies that created and maintain the conditions necessary for competition to flourish.
As these transitions move forward, they are changing communications markets, often in ways that can
increase competition, particularly for voice services. But they don’t automatically ensure competition.
So while some like to refer to the “competitive, all-IP world” as if “competition” and “IP” are synonyms,
we know that’s not true. We need to take a more sophisticated, data-driven approach to determine which
policies to keep for today’s markets, which to add or modify, and which to eliminate.
Second, consumer protection.
Consumer protection is vital because even with strong investment and innovation promoting policies,
competition won’t reach everywhere. And because even healthy markets with robust competition can
leave consumers subject to abuse.
That’s why, for example, we have rules to ensure access to communications technology for Americans
with disabilities, to promote transparency and disclosure, and to protect consumer privacy. Consumers
need to know that the FCC’s got their back.
Third, and closely related, universal service.

The concept of universal access to modern communications is at the heart of our consumer mission and
our founding statute, and access to broadband is this generation’s universal service imperative. Wired and
wireless broadband have become an indispensable platform for innovation, commerce, and civic
engagement. To leave large swaths of this country without broadband access in the 21st century is as
unthinkable as leaving millions without access to electricity or phone service in the 20th.
Fourth, public safety.
New technologies bring tremendous potential to improve public safety and help first responders. But they
also bring some new challenges, like continuity of power. Policies and industry standards need to evolve
to ensure that the resiliency of our networks is not diminished as a result of technology transitions.
We laid out these basic principles when we created the Task Force and charged it with providing
recommendations to “encourage the technological transitions, empower and protect consumers, promote
competition, and ensure network resiliency and reliability.”
These values are the compass the will guide us to the policies that maximize the benefits of broadband for
the American people – today and into the future. Today’s workshop will help lay a sound factual basis for
that work.
I’m pleased that a number of my colleagues are joining us today, as well as Phil Jones, president of
NARUC. Let me welcome them up to give a few additional opening thoughts, and then we’ll hand it over
to our panelists.

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