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King Kong Broadcasting, Inc.

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Released: November 13, 2013

Federal Communications Commission

DA 13-2156

Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, D.C. 20554

In the Matter of

King Kong Broadcasting, Inc.
Cox Communications Las Vegas, Inc. d/b/a Cox


Adopted: November 8, 2013

Released: November 13, 2013

By the Senior Deputy Chief, Policy Division, Media Bureau:



1. King Kong Broadcasting, Inc. (“King Kong”) has filed a petition for relief pursuant to
Section 612(c)(4)(A)(iii) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (“Communications Act”),1 and
Section 76.975 of the Commission’s rules.2 King Kong alleges that Cox Communications Las Vegas,
Inc. (“Cox”) has refused to provide a commercial leased access channel in Boulder City, Nevada in
violation of Section 612(a) of the Communications Act.3 Cox filed an opposition to the petition.4 In this
Order, we deny King Kong’s petition for relief.



2. The Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 imposed on cable operators a commercial
leased access requirement designed to assure access to cable systems by unaffiliated third parties who
have a desire to distribute video programming free of editorial control of cable operators.5 Channel set-
aside requirements were established proportionate to a system's total activated channel capacity. The

147 U.S.C. § 532(c)(4)(A)(iii).
247 C.F.R. § 76.975 (October 1, 2013).
347 U.S.C. § 532(a).
4Cox filed a supplement to its opposition, King Kong filed a supplement to its petition, and Cox filed an opposition
to King Kong’s supplement. King Kong filed a request for status to which Cox filed a reply. Subsequently, the case
was closed administratively in error and remained closed until 2013 when a representative from King Kong
contacted FCC staff for a status update. By letter dated May 31, 2013, the parties were asked to update their
pleadings. King Kong filed a letter updating its petition and Cox filed an opposition and motion to dismiss. King
Kong next filed a response and Cox filed a motion to strike. King Kong filed a response and opposition to the
motion to strike. Although Section 76.975 of the Commission’s rules provides only for the filing of a petition and
response, we will accept these pleadings filed through September 17, 2013, in order to have a more complete record
before us and in light of the delayed resolution of this matter.
5Pub. L. No. 98-549, 98 Stat. 2779 (1984).

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DA 13-2156

Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 19926 revised the leased access
requirements and directed the Commission to implement rules to govern this system of channel leasing.
In Implementation of the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992,7 the
Commission initially adopted rules for leased access addressing maximum reasonable rates, reasonable
terms and conditions of use, minority and educational programming, and procedures for resolution of
disputes.8 The Commission modified some of its leased access rules in the Second Rate Order.9



King Kong requests a commercial leased access channel from Cox on the portion of
Cox’s Las Vegas cable system serving Boulder City, Nevada. King Kong asserts that programming
insertion at Boulder City would provide a feasible alternative to service from the Las Vegas headend
where the lease rate would be substantially higher. Higher leasing costs for the whole system would flow
from the fact that one parameter for determining the maximum leased access channel rate pursuant to the
Commission’s average implicit fee formula is the number of subscribers served.10 Therefore, the
maximum reasonable rate for service only to Boulder, with a subscriber base of approximately 3,500
subscribers, would be substantially less than for service to all of Cox’s approximately 320,000 subscribers
served from Cox’s Las Vegas headend. King Kong asserts further that Cox has the technical ability to
accept a leased access channel at the Boulder City facility, as made evident by its acceptance at that
location of Boulder City PEG programming.11
4. Cox denied King Kong’s request because Cox’s Las Vegas cable system, which serves Las
Vegas, North Las Vegas, Clark County, Henderson and Boulder City, Nevada, is a technically integrated
system not required to accommodate the request to provide service only to Boulder City. Cox cites
Roberts v. Time Warner12 as support for refusing the request.13 Cox maintains that the Las Vegas headend
of its cable system is the integrated system’s only headend, and that costly modifications of its cable
facilities at Boulder City would be required to accommodate King Kong’s request. More particularly,
Cox states that the Boulder City PEG programming is created on facilities owned by Boulder City and
inserted into the Boulder City portion of the system by means of an A/B switch under the City’s control,
which preempts Las Vegas PEG programming that otherwise utilizes the channel. Cox cannot provide
access at Boulder City because it does not maintain a headend there and would be required to reconfigure
its system at significant cost and operational and administrative burdens.14 Inserting Boulder City specific
leased access programming would create subscriber confusion, program guide complications, and other
programming coordination problems that would be compounded should such precedent require similar

6Pub. L. No. 102-385, 106 Stat. 1460 (1992). See 47 U.S.C. §532(b).
78 FCC Rcd 5631 (1993) (“Rate Order”).
8See 47 C.F.R. §76.970, 76.971, 76.975 and 76.977.
912 FCC Rcd 5267 (1997) (“Second Rate Order”). See also Implementation of the Cable Television Consumer
Protection and Competition Act of 1992
, 11 FCC Rcd 16933 (1996).
10See 47 C.F.R. § 76.970(e).
11King Kong Petition at 3-5. Public, educational, and governmental access programming provided on behalf of local
franchising entities is known as PEG programming.
12Kathleen Ballanfant Roberts and Sidney T. Roberts v. The Houston Division of Time Warner Entertainment
Company, L.P.
, 11 FCC Rcd 5999 (CSB 1996) (Roberts v. Time Warner).
13 Cox Opposition at 4.
14 Cox Opposition at 8.

Federal Communications Commission

DA 13-2156

program insertions at other points of its cable system.15
Although disputing its relevance, Cox concedes that certain planned unit developments
(“PUDs”) served by its Las Vegas system are permitted “to program on a single channel a community
bulletin board or similar information of the PUD’s selection.”16 According to Cox, the PUD
programming is inserted by means of a channel splitter “without any interruption of the programming
carried on the System’s basic tier and cable programming service tier (“CPST”).”17 A channel formerly
used for pay per view programming is used for this purpose.18 Cox represents that the technical
configuration of the hub sites serving a PUD “is identical to those hub sites serving the remainder of the
6. The statutory leased access requirements and the implementing Commission rules, including
those that specify the methodology for calculating leased access rates, generally contemplate the leasing
of channels on systems. Nothing in these rules address the leasing of channels on portions of systems.
We have previously addressed this issue in Roberts v. Time Warner wherein we found the pivotal issue to
be “whether a cable operator may be required to provide leased access service within discrete franchise
areas that lie within the cable operator's larger service area or whether the cable operator may require that
leased access programmers provide service for the entire group of subscribers served from the cable
system's principal headend over its technically integrated cable facility.”20 We concluded that Time
Warner’s cable system fit the statutory definition of a “cable system” because “the entire system is fed
signals from a single facility, and constitutes a single integrated set of closed transmission paths and
associated equipment” even though the physical plant crossed several jurisdictions.21

While issues may arise as to how the boundaries of a system are properly determined, the
Cox Las Vegas system, including the portion at issue here has generally been treated as a single system.
Cox maintains that the Las Vegas system is served from one headend and could not be divided in the
manner suggested without considerable additional expense. Indeed, although King Kong represents that
it is capable of delivering programming to Cox’s Boulder City facility in proper format for cable system
carriage, Cox indicates that modifications at Boulder City, to introduce that programming into the system
there, would cost approximately $40,000 and that introduction of the programming in this fashion would
interfere with reception of programming regularly available to subscribers in Boulder City in a manner
not contemplated by the leased access rules.22
8. In Roberts v. Time Warner, we noted that requiring a cable operator to reconfigure its system
and incur the significant costs such area-specific lease agreements might involve could entail costs
inconsistent with Section 612(c)(1) of the Communications Act. Section 612(c)(1) provides that cable
operators should not be burdened by leased access that adversely “affect the operation, financial
condition, or market development of the cable system.”23 While that decision also recognized that there

15Cox Opposition at 5-8.
16See Supplement to Cox Opposition at 2.
19Cox Opposition to Supplement to Verified Petition at 4.
20 Roberts v. Time Warner, 11 FCC Rcd at 6004.
21 Id. at 6007.
22 Declaration of George Noel, Cox Second Opposition, Exhibit 5.
23 Id. at 6008.

Federal Communications Commission

DA 13-2156

might be situations where the statute’s leased access mandate would require a system to accommodate
“area-specific leased access if necessary technology is in place and is operational throughout the cable
system,” we do not find that to be the case here.24 Providing a single PEG channel pursuant to a franchise
agreement and allowing minor insertion of information by a few PUDs does not give rise to a finding that
there is technology in place and operational throughout the cable system that would enable the insertion
of leased access programming on portions of the system without significant additional expense. Based on
this record, we conclude that King Kong has failed to establish that it is entitled to leased access on only
the Boulder City portion of Cox’s Las Vegas cable system.





ORDERED that the petition for relief of King Kong Broadcasting,
Inc. in File No. CSR 5388-L


This action is taken pursuant to authority delegated by Section 0.321 of the Commission's
Steven A. Broeckaert
Senior Deputy Chief
Policy Division, Media Bureau

24 Id.
2547 C.F.R. § 0.321.

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