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NALF To Northeast Indiana Public Radio For Station WBNI-FM, Roanoke IN

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Released: September 4, 2012

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1436

Before the

Federal Communications Commission

Washington, D.C. 20554

In re Application of

Northeast Indiana Public Radio, Inc.

Facility I.D. No. 46434
NAL/Acct. No. MB-201241910043
For Renewal of License for
FRN: 0006065577
Station WBNI-FM
File No. BRED-20120402AMT
Roanoke, Indiana




Adopted: September 4, 2012

Released: September 4, 2012

By the Chief, Audio Division, Media Bureau:


The Media Bureau (“Bureau”) has before it the application of Northeast Indiana Public
Radio, Inc. (“Licensee”) for renewal of its license for WBNI-FM, Roanoke, Indiana (“Station”). In this
Memorandum Opinion and Order and Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture (“NAL”),1 we find that
Licensee apparently willfully and repeatedly violated Section 73.3527 of the Rules by failing to retain all
required documentation in the WBNI-FM public inspection file.2 Based upon our review of the record
before us, we conclude that Licensee is apparently liable for a monetary forfeiture in the amount of ten
thousand dollars ($10,000).


Section 73.3527 of the Rules requires a commercial broadcast licensee to maintain a
public inspection file containing specific types of information related to station operations. The purpose
of this requirement is to provide the public with timely information about the station at regular intervals
throughout the license period.3 Among the materials required for inclusion in the file are the station’s
quarterly issues/programs lists, which must be retained until final Commission action on the station’s next
license renewal application.4
Section III, Item 3 of the license renewal application form, FCC Form 303-S, requests
that the licensee certify that the documentation required by Section 73.3527 has been placed in the
station’s public inspection file at the appropriate times. Licensee answered “No” to that certification and
attached an Exhibit explaining that issues/programs lists for the fourth quarter of 2009 through 2011 were

1 This NAL is issued pursuant to Sections 309(k) and 503(b) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended
(“Act”), and Section 1.80 of the Commission’s rules (“Rules”). See 47 U.S.C. §§ 309(k), 503(b); 47 C.F.R. § 1.80.
The Bureau has delegated authority to issue the NAL under Section 0.283 of the Rules. See 47 C.F.R. § 0.283.
2 See 47 C.F.R. § 73.3527.
3 Cf. Letter to Kathleen N. Benfield from Linda B. Blair, Chief, Audio Services Division, 13 FCC Rcd 4102 (MMB
1997) (citing License Renewal Applications of Certain Commercial Radio Stations, Memorandum Opinion and
Order, 8 FCC Rcd 6400 (MMB 1993)).
4 See 47 C.F.R. § 73.3527(e)(12).

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1436

missing from the Station’s public file. In the Exhibit, Licensee states that the missing quarterly reports
resulted from a period of substantial management turnover beginning in 2009, combined with the ongoing
responsibilities of Licensee’s limited professional staff.5 Licensee also states that it regrets its lapse and
has been working to recreate the missing lists, and it states that it plans to “institutionalize” the renewal
process going forward, with oversight not just at the Station management level, but also with Licensee’s
board, as well as with coordination with outside counsel.6


Proposed Forfeiture. As Licensee has acknowledged, at the time of the filing of the
Station’s license renewal application, and during periods within the license term, the Station’s public
inspection file did not contain many of the items required to be retained in the file by Section 73.3527 of
the Rules. In this regard, where lapses occur in maintaining the public file, neither the negligent acts or
omissions of station employees or agents, nor the subsequent remedial actions undertaken by the licensee,
excuse or nullify a licensee’s rule violation.7
Under Section 503(b)(1)(B) of the Act, a person who is found to have willfully or
repeatedly failed to comply with any provision of the Act or any rule, regulation, or order issued by the
Commission shall be liable to the United States for a forfeiture penalty.8 Section 312(f)(1) of the Act
defines willful as “the conscious and deliberate commission or omission of [any] act, irrespective of any
intent to violate” the law.9 The legislative history to Section 312(f)(1) of the Act clarifies that this
definition of willful applies to both Sections 312 and 503(b) of the Act,10 and the Commission has so
interpreted the term in the Section 503(b) context.11 Section 312(f)(2) of the Act provides that “[t]he term
‘repeated,’ when used with reference to the commission or omission of any act, means the commission or
omission of such act more than once or, if such commission or omission is continuous, for more than one
The Commission’s Forfeiture Policy Statement and Section 1.80(b)(4) of the Rules
establish a base forfeiture amount of $10,000 for violation of Section 73.3527.13 In determining the
appropriate forfeiture amount, we may adjust the base amount upward or downward by considering the
factors enumerated in Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act, including “the nature, circumstances, extent and
gravity of the violation, and, with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior
offenses, ability to pay, and such other matters as justice may require.”14

5 Application, Exhibit 12.
6 Id.
7 See Padre Serra Communications, Inc., Letter, 14 FCC Rcd 9709 (MMB 1999) (citing Gaffney Broadcasting, Inc.,
Memorandum Opinion and Order, 23 FCC 2d 912, 913 (1970) and Eleven Ten Broadcasting Corp., Notice of
Apparent Liability, 33 FCC 706 (1962)); Surrey Front Range Limited Partnership, Notice of Apparent Liability, 7
FCC Rcd 6361 (FOB 1992).
8 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(1)(B). See also 47 C.F.R. 1.80(a)(1).
9 47 U.S.C. § 312(f)(1).
10 See H.R. Rep. No. 97-765, 97th Cong. 2d Sess. 51 (1982).
11 See Southern California Broadcasting Co., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 6 FCC Rcd 4387, 4388 (1991).
12 47 U.S.C. § 312(f)(2).
13 See Forfeiture Policy Statement and Amendment of Section 1.80(b) of the Rules to Incorporate the Forfeiture
, Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd 17087, 17113-15 (1997) (“Forfeiture Policy Statement”), recon. denied,
15 FCC Rcd 303 (1999); 47 C.F.R. § 1.80(b)(4), note to paragraph (b)(4), Section I.
14 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D); see also Forfeiture Policy Statement, 12 FCC Rcd at 17100; 47 C.F.R. § 1.80(b)(4).

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1436

In this case, although Licensee admitted to violating Section 73.3527, it did so only in the
context of the question contained in its license renewal application that compelled such disclosure.
Moreover, the violations were extensive, occurring over more than two years and involving nine
issues/programs lists. Additionally, although Licensee has a history of compliance with the Rules, a
downward adjustment is not appropriate here considering the extensive violations that occurred.
Considering the record as a whole, we believe that a $10,000 forfeiture is appropriate for the Section
73.3527 violations in this case.15
License Renewal Application. In evaluating an application for license renewal, the
Commission’s decision is governed by Section 309(k) of the Act.16 That section provides that if, upon
consideration of the application and pleadings, we find that (1) the station has served the public interest,
convenience, and necessity; (2) there have been no serious violations of the Act or the Rules; and (3)
there have been no other violations which, taken together, constitute a pattern of abuse, we are to grant
the renewal application.17 If, however, the licensee fails to meet that standard, the Commission may deny
the application – after notice and opportunity for a hearing under Section 309(e) of the Act – or grant the
application “on terms and conditions that are appropriate, including a renewal for a term less than the
maximum otherwise permitted.”18
We find that Licensee’s apparent violations of Section 73.3527 of the Rules do not
constitute “serious violations” warranting designation for evidentiary hearing. Moreover, we find no
evidence of violations that, when considered together, evidence a pattern of abuse.19 Further, we find that
the Station served the public interest, convenience, and necessity during the subject license term. We will
therefore grant the license renewal application by separate action upon the conclusion of this forfeiture
proceeding if there are no issues other than the apparent violation that would preclude grant of the


Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED, pursuant to Section 503(b) of the Communications Act
of 1934, as amended, and Section 1.80 of the Commission’s Rules, that Northeast Indiana Public Radio,
Inc., is hereby NOTIFIED of its APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE in the amount of ten
thousand dollars ($10,000) for its apparent willful and repeated violation of Section 73.3527 of the
Commission’s Rules.

15 See, e.g., Faith Baptist Church, Memorandum Opinion and Order and Notice of Apparent Liability, 22 FCC Rcd
9146 (MB 2007) ($10,000 forfeiture proposed for violation of Section 73.3526 occurring over three years and
involving 11 missing issues/programs lists); South Atlanta Broadcasting, Inc. Memorandum Opinion and Order and
Notice of Apparent Liability, 21 FCC Rcd 8471 (MB 2006) ($10,000 forfeiture proposed for nine missing
issues/programs lists).
16 47 U.S.C. § 309(k).
17 47 U.S.C. § 309(k)(1).
18 47 U.S.C. §§ 309(k)(2), 309(k)(3).
19 For example, we do not find here that Licensee's Station operation "was conducted in an exceedingly careless,
inept and negligent manner and that the licensee is either incapable of correcting or unwilling to correct the
operating deficiencies." See Heart of the Black Hills Stations, Decision, 32 FCC 2d 196, 198 (1971). Nor do we
find on the record here that "the number, nature and extent" of the violations indicate that "the licensee cannot be
relied upon to operate [the Station] in the future in accordance with the requirements of its licenses and the
Commission's Rules." Id. at 200. See also Center for Study and Application of Black Economic Development,
Hearing Designation Order, 6 FCC Rcd 4622 (1991); Calvary Educational Broadcasting Network, Inc., Hearing
Designation Order, 7 FCC Rcd 4037 (1992).

Federal Communications Commission

DA 12-1436

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, pursuant to Section 1.80 of the Commission’s Rules, that,
within thirty (30) days of the release date of this NAL, Northeast Indiana Public Radio, Inc., SHALL PAY
the full amount of the proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a written statement seeking reduction or
cancellation of the proposed forfeiture.
Payment of the proposed forfeiture must be made by check or similar instrument, payable
to the order of the Federal Communications Commission. The payment must include the NAL/Acct. No.
and FRN No. referenced in the caption above. Payment by check or money order may be mailed to
Federal Communications Commission, at P.O. Box 979088, St. Louis, MO 63197-9000. Payment by
overnight mail may be sent to U.S. Bank—Government Lockbox #979088, SL-MO-C2-GL, 1005
Convention Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63101. Payment by wire transfer may be made to ABA Number
021030004, receiving bank: TREAS NYC, BNF: FCC/ACV--27000001 and account number as expressed
on the remittance instrument. If completing the FCC Form 159, enter the NAL/Account number in block
number 23A (call sign/other ID), and enter the letters “FORF” in block number 24A (payment type code).
Licensee will also send electronic notification on the date said payment is made to and
The response, if any, must be mailed to Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications
Commission, 445 12th Street, S.W., Washington DC 20554, ATTN: Peter H. Doyle, Chief, Audio
Division, Media Bureau, and MUST INCLUDE the NAL/Acct. No. referenced above.
The Commission will not consider reducing or canceling a forfeiture in response to a
claim of inability to pay unless the respondent submits: (1) federal tax returns for the most recent three-
year period; (2) financial statements prepared according to generally accepted accounting practices
(“GAAP”); or (3) some other reliable and objective documentation that accurately reflects the respondent’s
current financial status. Any claim of inability to pay must specifically identify the basis for the claim by
reference to the financial documentation submitted.
Requests for full payment of the forfeiture proposed in this NAL under the installment
plan should be sent to: Associate Managing Director-Financial Operations, Federal Communications
Commission, 445 12th Street, S.W., Room 1-A625, Washington, DC 20554.20
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that copies of this NAL shall be sent, by First Class and
Certified Mail, Return Receipt Requested, to Northeast Indiana Public Radio, Inc., P.O. Box 8459, Ft.
Wayne, IN 46898, and to its counsel, Barry S. Persh, Esq., Dow Lohnes, LLC, 1200 New Hampshire Ave.,
N.W., Suite 800, Washington, DC 20036.
Peter H. Doyle
Chief, Audio Division
Media Bureau

20 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.1914.

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