Closed captioning is an assistive technology that allows persons with hearing disabilities to access television programming. Closed captioning displays the audio portion of programming as text superimposed over the video. For a television receiver to display closed captions, it must use a set-top box decoder or contain integrated decoder circuitry.
All English language programming, defined as analog programming first published or exhibited on or after January 1, 1998, and digital programming first aired on or after July 1, 2002, were closed captioned as of January 1, 2006- with some exceptions.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is concerned that consumers may experience difficulty in receiving and/or viewing closed captioning on some digital television (DTV) programming, including high definition television (HDTV), provided by a subscription television provider, such as a cable company or a satellite television provider. These difficulties generally could arise from two causes: 1) the consumer’s set-top box and/or DTV are not properly set to allow closed captions to be displayed; or 2) there are technical problems with the subscription television provider’s system that prevent closed captions from being received and decoded by the set-top box and/or DTV.
What You Can Do
If you have difficulties viewing closed captions on DTV programming, including HDTV, received from your subscription television provider, you should:
- consult any consumer information i.e., manuals or guides on closed captions for DTV programming provided by your subscription television provider;
- ensure that the captioning function on your set-top box, if applicable, is turned on;
- ensure that the captioning function on your DTV is turned on.
If you are still unable to view closed captions on DTV programming, you should contact your subscription television provider for assistance.
If your provider is unable to help, you can file a complaint with the FCC alleging a violation of the Television Decoder Circuitry Act and the FCC’s implemented rules. There is no charge for filing a complaint.
If your complaint concerns the inability of your consumer equipment (i.e., your television or cable box) to deliver captions, you may complain directly to the FCC. If your complaint concerns the lack of captioning on a specific program or channel (i.e., you receive captions on some channels, but not others), you may file a complaint with either the FCC or your video programming distributor (meaning your subscription television service provider or the television broadcaster).
How to File a Complaint with the FCC
You must include your name, address, contact information and as much detail about your complaint as possible. To file a complaint, please visit www.fcc.gov/complaints. You can also file your complaint with the FCC’s Consumer Center by calling 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) voice or 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322) for TTY; or writing to:
Federal Communications Commission
Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau
Consumer Inquiries and Complaints Division
445 12th Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20554
For More Information
For more information on closed captioning, closed captioning schedules and exemptions, visit www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/closed-captioning-video-programming-television.
For more information on filing a closed captioning complaint and the information to include in such complaints, see the FCC’s closed captioning consumer guide.
For more information about the digital television transition and DTV, visit the FCC’s DTV website. You can also contact the FCC’s Consumer Center using the information provided above for filing a complaint.