Multichannel Video Distribution and Data Service (MVDDS) provides consumers with TV programming and Internet connectivity from terrestrial transmitters, under exacting technical arrangements that permit it to share the spectrum with satellites (Direct Broadcast Satellites Service). MVDDS is licensed for market areas on the basis of MVDs. See PN DA 04-1717 (pdf).
Each licensee receives one spectrum block of 500 megahertz per geographic area that the licensee can use in any size channels. MVDDS licenses can be partitioned along county borders. Disaggregation of spectrum is not allowed. “Partitioning” is the assignment of geographic portions of a license along geopolitical or other boundaries. “Disaggregation” is the assignment of discrete portions or “blocks” of spectrum licensed to a geographic licensee or qualifying entity.
MVDDS licensees may use spectrum in the 12.2 – 12.7 GHz band for any digital fixed non-broadcast service including one-way direct-to-home/office wireless service. Mobile and aeronautical services are not authorized. Two-way services may be provided by using other spectrum or media for the return or upstream path.
The FCC requires most wireless telecommunications services licensees 1) to construct their authorized system or meet specific coverage requirements within a given time period and 2) to notify the Commission that the requirement has been met. This time period varies depending on the radio service in which the license is held. For MVDDS licenses, the license term and construction requirements are set forth set forth in 47 CFR § 101.1413 License term and construction requirements.
On January 15, 2021, the Commission released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Expanding Flexible Use of the 12.2-12.7 GHz Band (WT Docket No. 20-443). PDF